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HANDBOUND 
AT THE 



UNIVERSITY OF 
TORONTO PRESS 




LACKHAM HOUSE, 1684. 



LTSHIRE 
NOTES AND 
QU ERI ES. 



AN ILLUSTRATED QUARTERLY 

ANTIQUARIAN & 
GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINE. 



VOL. III. 18991901. 



DEVIZES : 

GEORGE SIMPSON, GAZETTE OFFICE. 

LOXno.N : PHILLIMORE & CO., 124, CHANCERY LANE, W.C. 

1902. 



DA 
670 



V.3 




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Old Lackham House, from a sketch by Dingley, 1684 ... ... i 

Old Lackham House, from drawing by Grimm, 1790 ... ... 2 

Arms of Barrett, from old manor house at Tytherton Lucas ... 30 

Arms of Andrews impaling Townsend, from ditto ... ... 31 

Autograph of Henry Brouncker, of Melksham, 1597 ... ... 39 

Autograph of James Ley, afterwards Earl of Marlborough ... 40 

Arms on Monument of Edward Baynard, 1575, in Lacock Church ... 49 
Baynard shield of six quarterings, and crest, from Harleian MS., 

1443, Brit. Museum ... ... ... -... ... 51 

Effigy from the Baynard Brass, 1501, in Lacock Church ... ... 57 

Autograph of Montague, Earl of Abingdon, 1699 ... ... ... 63 

Autograph of John Smith, 1757 ... ... ... ... ... 66 

Ditto of William Darell, 1584 ... ... ... ... ... 66 

Ditto of Sir John Darell, 1621-28 ... ... ... ... ... 66 

Monument of an Ecclesiastic, in Edington Church ... ... 97 

Full-faced sketch of recumbent effigy on ditto ... ... ... 100 

Monogram on ditto (2 designs) ... ... ... ... ... 103 

Arms of Edington Monastery ... ... ... ... ... 105 

Autograph of Thomas Ivy, of West Kington, 1579 ... ... 137 

Amesbury Monastery. Heraldic and other paving tiles, 13th 

century, found on the site in 1860 (Plate I) ... ... ... 145 

Funeral penon of the Hon. James Montagu, formerly in Lacock 

Church ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 173 

Autographs of Gabriel and Oliver Pledell, of Monkton, and William 

JBaylyffe, 1566 ... ... ... ... ... " ^~"i77 

Arms of Hungerford and Moels, from a Breviary of I4th century ... 183 
Slab with indent ot Brass of Archbishop Stafford, 1452, in Canter- 
bury Cathedral ... ... ... ... ... ... 193 

Seal of Margaret, Lady Hungerford and Botreaux, died 1478-9 ... 226 
Autograph of ditto ... ... ... .. 227 

Monument of Mary [Bowell], second wife and relict of Sir Edward 

Baynton, of Bromham, 1667, in the Mayor's Chapel, Bristol ... 241 
Autographs of Edward Martyn, of Upham, and Hugh Hawkins, of 

Newbury, 1634 ... ... ... ... ... 274 

Trade Label of Benjamin Webb Anstie, of Devizes, Snuff Maker 

and Tobacconist, 1789 ... ... ... 283 

Amesbury Church. Ground plan, showing gravestones, with stone 

coffins and slabs uncovered in 1853 ... ... ... 289 

Amesbury Church. West window of nave, removed in 1853 ... 304 



List of Illustrations. 



Amesbury Church. Dripstone terminations of east window of 

Chancel, now used to support the credence table ... ... 305 

Brass of Sir William Huddesfield, 1499, and his wife Katherine 

[CourtenayJ, in Shillingford Church, Devon ... ... ... 337 

Arms of Huddesfield impaling Courtenay, from ditto ... ... 343 

Heraldic Seal of Sir Philip Courtenay, 1435-6 ... ... ... 344 

Device on "Old Sarum Kettle" ... ... ... ... ... 379 

Autograph of Mary [Webb], Duchess of Somerset, 1759 ... ... 383 

Portrait of "Counsellor Goodenough" from an oil painting ... 385 

Autograph of Richard Goodenough, 1689 ... ... ... 393 

Autograph of Francis Goodenough, of Sherston, died 1728 ... 397 

Autograph of Richard Goodenough, ot Great Sherston, 1752 ... 400 

Amesbury Monastery. Plan of foundations uncovered in 1860 
(Plate IV) ... ... ... ... ... ... 439 

Amesbury Monastery. Design on set of four paving tiles ... 440 

Amesbury Monastery. Objects discovered on the site in 1860 

(Plate V) 440 

Amesbury Monastery. Tile paving from do. (Plates II and III} ... 441 
Design on Border tiles formerly in the Chancel of Great Bedwyn 

Church ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 442 

Amesbury Monastery. Pattern from border tiles to paving found in 

situ, 1860 ... ... ... ... ... ... 443, 

Amesbury Monastery. Two-handled vessel of red unglazed ware /^/| 
Amesbury Monastery. Yellow glazed crest tile and section ... 445 

Amesbury Monastery. General plan of the site (Plate VI} ... 446 

Baynton shield of six quarterings and crest ... ... ... 466 

Portrait of Benjamin Goddard, of Boston and Brookline, Massa- 
chusetts, 1766-1861 ... ... ... ... ... 481 

Book-plate of Rainald William Knightley Goddard ... ... 521 

Autograph of Judge Robert Nicholas, 1637 ... ... ... 540 

Arms of Halle impaling Merchants mark of John Halle, of Salis- 
bury, who died 1479 ... ... ... ... ... 561 







jHotes auto <auertesu 

MARCH, 1899. 



OLD LACKHAM HOUSE AND ITS OWNERS. 




HE present mansion, known as Lackham House, in 
the parish of Lacock, is described by Mr. Britton l 
as " a plain modern edifice, situated in a rich 
f(r [ and fertile vale, near the banks of the Avon." 



It is not to this building, however, that the 
following notes refer, but to its predecessor a fine old manor 
house dating at least from mediaeval times for many ages 
the residence successively of the Bluet, Baynard, and 
Montagu families but now numbered among the historic 
houses of Wiltshire past and gone. A few gleanings, there- 
fore, relating to its history, as well as that*>f its owners, may 
not be unworthy of a record in the pages of Wilts N. &> Q. 

The earliest sketch of Old Lackham House known to the 
present writer appears in Dingley's History from Marble, a 
most interesting manuscript in the possession of Sir Thomas 
E. Winnington, of which a facsimile in photo-lithography was 
published in two volumes by the Camden Society, with intro- 
duction and notes by the late Mr. John Gough Nichols, F.S.A., 
in 1867-8. Dingley's sketch, which is here reproduced, was 

1 Beauties of Wiltshire, Vol. iii, p. 246 published in 1825. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



taken at the close of the reign of Charles II, probably in 1684, 
his sketch of Lacock Abbey being dated 30 April in that year. 
It represents the house, an irregular structure, evidently of 
various dates, 1 enclosed within a large courtyard, and com- 
pletely embosomed in woods. 2 The river (the lower Avon) 
close by, formed the ancient boundary of the royal forest of 
Pewisham, in which the lords of Lackham enjoyed the right of 
hunting by grant from Edward III which grant continued in 
force until the disafforesting of Pewisham in the reign of 
James I. 

The second sketch, which more fully illustrates the details 
of the central portion of the building, is from a drawing by 
Grimm, taken in August 1790, and now in the British Museum 
(Additional MSS. No. 15,547). The porch, which is here shewn 
in perspective, forms a principal feature. A shield on the 
gable is apparently carved with the arms of BLUET and BAY- 
NARD and another shield at the base of the projecting window 
over the entrance 3 bears BAYNARD quartering BLUET, with two 
unicorns as supporters. 

The great hall was apparently to the left on entering the 
porch. Its embattled parapet and large windows of three 
lights, occupying the whole height of the wall, are shown more 
clearly in the earlier sketch by Dingley. It was hung round 
with armour, and was evidently in Aubrey's mind when, at 
Easton Piers, in 1670, he wrote the well-known masterly and 

1 Some portion of the old building is traditionally said to have belonged 
to the Norman period. 

2 The arms in a lozenge underneath MONTAGU impaling HUNGEBFORD 
are those of the widow of James Montagu, the late owner of Lackham, 
who had died at an early age in 1676. She was the daughter of Anthony 
Hungerford, of Farley Castle. 

3 The hatchment which nearly covers this window is that of James 
Montagu (grandson of the lady whose arms are given by Dingley). He was 
buried at Lacock 3 May 1790 three months before the date of Grimm's 
drawing. The arms are those of MONTAGU and MONTHEKMEB quarterly, 
impaling HEDGES quartering GOKE his wife Eleanor, who predeceased 
him, having been the daughter of William Hedges, of Compton Basset, by 
the heiress of Gore, of Alderton. 



Old Lack/mm House and its Owners. 



delightful preface to his Wiltshire Collections. Speaking of 
lords of manors and their houses in still older times, he says : 
"The lords of manners never went to London but in Parliament 
time, or once a yeare to do their homage and duty to the king. 
They kept good howses in their countries, did eate in their 
great gothique halls, at the high table, or oriele, the folke at the 
side tables." "Orie/e," he adds in a note, " is an eare, but here 
it signifies a little roome at the upper end of the hall, where 
stands a square or round table : perhaps in old time was an 
oratorie. In every old gothique hall hereabout is one, as at 
Dray cot, Lekham, Alderton, &c." 

The gable immediately on the right of the porch, with its 
large projecting window and buttress, most probably included 
the banqueting room in which Henry VIII was entertained 
when visiting Lackham for several days on his way to Wolf- 
hall, before his marriage with his third and Wiltshire queen 
Jane, the daughter of Sir John Seymour. 1 The room was 
newly floored for the occasion with oak grown on the estate, 
and on the stonework underneath the window is seen the 
royal badge of Henry VIII a crowned rose, with lion and 
dragon as supporters no doubt introduced here in com- 
memoration of the royal visit. 

At Lackham, as well as in the immediate neighbourhood, 
distinct traces of Roman occupation have been discovered 
from time to time. The Roman road from Bath (Aquce Soils} 
to Marlborough (Cunetio) passed a short distance to the south 
of Lacock, and, near it, at Wick, were found traces of a Roman 
villa. The frequent discoveries of Roman coins here are also 
mentioned by Leland, Camden, and Aubrey. 



1 This must have been in 1536 for Henry's marriage with Jane 
Seymour took place on the 20th May in that year the day after his second 
wife, Anne Boleyn, had been brought to the block. There is said to be 
extant a curious old print representing in different compartments the pre- 
parations at Lackham the rats and mice running away from the servants, 
who with mop and broom are cleansing the house in readiness for the 
reception of the royal guest. 

B 2 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



At the time of the Domesday Survey (1083-6), " Lacham " 
belonged to William de Ewe, a Norman baron, 1 who was sub- 
sequently attainted of treason. 

In the reign of Henry III (1216-72) the family of Bluet 
appear as owners. 2 They were also lords of Silchester, co. 
Hants, and Leland's notes relating to the latter place may here 
be quoted as referring also to the descent of Lackham : 

"Silchester lordship after the Conquest came to one 
Blueth, and then one of the Blueths leavyng no sons, the land 
not entaylid to the heire (male or generale) came by mariage 
to one Peter de Cusance, and after to one Edmunde Baynard, 
cumming out of the house of the Baynards, of Essex, whose 
name is now [1540] ther obscured. The lands of the Blueths 
entaylid to heyre male of that name yet remayning in Devon- 
shere. Leccham longgid to Blueth [and was used by Bayn]ard<? 
as his principale how[s^]." 3 

Edward I granted to John Bluet* the privilege of holding 
a fair at his manor of Helmerton (Hilmarton) and free warren 
in his lands there, and at Lackham. This was confirmed to 
one of the Baynard family, his successors i Henry, IV (1399). 
Patent Rolls. 

Attached to the manor of Lackham was a Chapel dedicated 
to the Blessed Virgin Mary. By an undated deed preserved in 
the Lacock Cartulary, Edward Sweyn, of Lacock, gave to the 
nuns there the land and tenement which Richard his father 



1 This William de Owe, or Ewe, also held, at the same date, the lordship 
of Hilmarton, which afterwards passed with the Lackham estate to its later 
owners the Bluets and Baynards. 

2 They probably held here under Bigod, Earl Marshal; for in the 
Inquisitions post mortem 35 Edw. I. (1306-7) we find Roger le Bigod, Earl of 
Norfolk and Marshal of England, and Alice his wife, seised of knights' fees 
in Lackham, Hilmarton, Goatacre, and other places in Wilts. 

3 Itinerary, vi, p. 53. 

4 The arms of BLUET Or, an eagle with two heads displayed gules in 
stained glass were formerly in one of the hall windows of South Wraxhall 
Old Manor House (Aubrey Jackson, P. I, No. 10); and those of COWDKEY 
impaling BLUET in a chamber there (/*., P. Ill, No. 35). 



Old Lack/mm House and its Owners. 5 

had of the gift of Richard de Wyck in Lacock and Lacham, 
and the land which his father had of William Clovegiffre, and 
two acres of land in Stretforlonga, and one croft called 
Wodecroft, in Lacock and Lacham, paying thereout yearly to 
the heirs of Richard de Wycke twelve pence and one half- 
penny (obolus) to the heirs of William Clovegilofre and half 
a pound of cummin to the heirs of Richard White (Albi) and 
one halfpenny to the heirs of Sewell and one penny to the 
Chapel of Lacham, to the light of the Blessed Mary and one 
halfpenny to the heirs of John, the son of Jordan, for all ser- 
vice, &c. 

By another deed, now in the British Museum (Add. Charter 
No. 1533), dated 2 Edward II (1308), Sir John Bluet, knt, 
granted to Robert Delebrig' (of the Bridge), clerk, certain rents 
for his life, subject to a yearly payment of two pounds of wax 
to the Chaplain of the Blessed Mary the Virgin, of Lackham. 

"Sciant presentes et futuri quod Ego Joh'es Bluet Miles & 
Dominus de Lack'm dedi concessi & p'senti carta mea confirmavi 
Roberto Delebrig' clerico 1 duos solidos & sex denar' annui reddit' in 
feodo meo de Lack'm papiend annuati videlic' de Matild' hobekins 
octodeci denar' & de Joh'e le Colt duodecim denar' p' mestiag' & 
curtilag' que de me tener' consueverunt. Preterea dedi concessi p'dicto 
Roberto septemdecim cum dimidia acra terre arrabil p'nt jacent in 
diversis locis quar' sex acr' jacent sup' le Leye & una acr' cum dimidia 
sup' Nethe'cote & una acra sup' Cockelegh & una acra apud Godelegh 
cum Rammesbrok & ap'd Manneslane dimidiam acram. Et apud 
pensedone una' acr'm, & apud Wynt Welle 2 una' ac'm sup' Elrig' 
duas acr' & jux' terr' damehawys in le inlond una' ac'm & juxta le 
Weylete una' ac'm & sup' fflexlegh una' ac'm & di'am. Preterea 
dedi concessi predicto Roberto una' ac'm prati que vocat le Meleh'mme. 



1 Among some early grants to the Cistercian Abbey of Stanley, printed 
in Bowies' History of Bremhill, is one (p. 105) from Robert de la Hebrigge 
conveying to the monks his right to common of pasture in the wood called 
the More, without the said Abbey, on the south part thereof. 

2 Samuel Michell the elder, of Notton, clothier, by will dated 1694, 
bequeaths to his grandson, Thomas Colborne, his term in two grounds at 
Wintern-ell in Lacock, purchased of Nicholas Gore and John Grist; "and the 
lease of the grounds at Winterwell, and the little ground at Notton, which 
I purchased of Sir Edward Hungerford ; in trust for the use of my daugh- 
ter, Anna Warn, and her children." 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Habend' & tenend' p'dictum Reddit' annul Reddit' cu' p'dcis 
septemdecim cu' di'a acr' terr' & cu' una' acr' p'ti de me & heredibus 
vel meis assignat p'fato Roberto ad terminum vite sue libe quiet' bene 
& in bona pace. Reddend' inde &> fac' annuatim ad Capellani be 
Mar -virginis de Lack'm duos libras Cere & michi & he'dibus meis 
sex denar' p' mesuag' sup'i p'noiat. Et ego vero p d'ctu' Joh'es Bluet & 
heredes mei p'dictum Redditum annui Reddit' cum p'dictis septemdecim 
cum di'a acr' terr' arrabil et cum una' acr' prati ut predictum est predicto 
Roberto del Elrigg clerico ad terminum vite sue warentizabim' 
acquetabim' & defendem' In cui' rei testimonium huic p'sent scripto 
ad mod' Cyrog'phi confecto sigilla n'ra a'ra alternatim sunt appensa hiis 
testibus Alano Brecon, Alexand'r de fraxino cl'ico, Will'o Thomas, Thorn' 
le Whyte, Nicho. Page et aliis. Dat' anno r' r' Ed nT Ed' s'c'do (tto 
seal). 

(To be continued). 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 
(Continued from Volume //, p. 561.) 



EDINGDON CHARTULARY. \Lansdowne MS., 442, / 96 b- ] 
Release of Thomas de Moxham to William FitzWaryn. 

A.D. 1351. I, Thomas de Moxham, have released and for 
myself and heirs quitclaimed to William FitzWaryn, knight, 
all lands and tenements in Mulbourne, Bratton and Westbury, 
as in houses, mills, rents, services, meadows and pastures, 
with all their appurtenances, which the said William had of 
my gift, as appears by a charter made between us ; To Have 
and Hold to him, his heirs and assigns for_ever, of the chief 
lords of that fee by the due and accustomed service therefore. 
In testimony whereof I have set my seal, &c. Witnesses. . 
. . . . Malmesbury, Friday next after the Feast of St. 
Andrew the Apostle. 25 Edward III. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 7 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [29 Edward III (ist Nos.), 
No. 20.] 

P.M. John Dansy. 

A.D. 1355. Inquisition taken at Edyndon, Friday next 
after Michaelmas, 29 Edward III. The Jury say that John 
Dansey, now dead, held of the king in chief in his domain, as 
of fee, on the day of his death, the manor of Dulton, with its 
appurtenances, and a messuage, and a carucate of land, with 
their appurtenances, in Bratton, in the county of Wilts, by the 
service of paying to the king yearly, into his treasury, by the 
hand of the Sheriff of Wilts, 10 marks of great serjeanty ; but 
what and how much that serjeanty is they know not. The 
said manor and land, with the appurtenances, is worth yearly, 
besides the said rent, 12 marks. And the said John held 
nothing else in the said County, in his domain, as of fee. And 
he died on Tuesday, the morrow of the Exaltation of the Holy 
Cross last past. William Dansey, his brother, is his nearest 
heir, and he is 16 years old. In witness whereof they seal. 
Dated in the place and year abovesaid. 

ASSIZE ROLL, No. 1448, m. 33. [31 Edward III.} 

A.D. 1357. Assize at New Sarum, Saturday before the 
feast of St. Margaret, 31 Edward III. The Assize comes to 
take cognizance if John Alurych and Edith his wife and 
Robert Forest and Agnes his wife unjustly disseized John 
Nyweman and Alice his wife of their freehold in Bratton, a 
messuage and an acre of land, with the appurtenances. 

John Alurych and Edith and the others did not come. 
And John and Edith were attached by William Danyel and 
Walter Sewale. Therefore they are in mercy. Robert and 
Agnes are not found, nor have bailiffs nor anything by which 
they can be attached. Therefore the assize is taken against 
them as against John and Edith by default. The Recognitors, 
by the assent of John Nyweman and Alice chosen and- sworn, 
say on their oath that John Nyweman and Alice were seized 



8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

of the foresaid tenement with the appurtenances as of freehold 
until John Alurych and Edith, and Robert and Agnes, unjustly 
disseized them to the damage of 203. Therefore John 
Nyweman and Alice are to recover their seizin and damages, 
and John Alurych and all the others are in mercy. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, f. 90. 

Charter of Benedicta, widow of John de Maundevillc, to the 
Rector of Edyndon. 

A.D. 1361. I, Benedicta, late wife of John de Maundeville, 
have granted to Friar John de Aylesbury, Rector of the 
Conventual Church of Edyndon and the Convent there, and 
their successors, my manor of Bratton and my manor of 
Estrop, with all their rights and appurtenances in the County 
of Wilts. To Hold to the said Rector and convent and their 
successors for the term of my life of the chief lords of that 
fee by the service therefore due and customary, returning to 
me, or my assigns, yearly 20 sterling at three yearly terms 
at Bratton, viz., at the Feast of the Purification of the B.V. 
Mary next following 10 marks sterling, at the Feast of the 
Ascension then next ensuing 10 marks sterling, and at 
Michaelmas 10 marks sterling, and thus yearly for the term of 
my life ; the said rent being in arrears in whole or in part for 
one month after any of the fore-named terms. Benedicta or 
her assigns may distrain in the foresaid manors and keep the 
distraints until satisfied and also enter the foresaid manors and 
keep them in their pristine state. And I, &c., will warrant, 
&c., during my life. In testimony whereof to this indented 

charter we have set our seal. Witnesses 

Bratton, the Sunday next after the Feast of All Saints. 35 
Edward III. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [35 Edward III (2 Nos.\ 
No. 44.] (Inquisitio ad quod damnuni). 

Inquisition taken at Bratton the last day of November, 
35 Edward III. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



The Jury say that it is not to the prejudice of the king or 
of any other if the king grant licence to Benedicta, formerly 
wife of John de Maundeville, to give her manors of Bratton 
and Estrop with the appurtenances to the Rector and friars 
of the House or Monastery of Edyndon to have to them and 
her successors during her life. The said manors are held of 
the lord king in chief by the service of 205. yearly, and there 
is no mean between Benedicta and the king. The said manors 
of Bratton and Estrop are worth yearly 10 marks sterling 
beyond deductions for repairs, and no more, because the land 
is poor for cultivation. In witness whereof they seal. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, f. go. 

Release of Nicholas atte Hoke and his Wife to the Rector 
of the Manors. 

A.D. 1362. We Nicholas atte Hoke and Joan my wile, 
cousin and heiress of John de Maundeville, have released and for 
ourselves and our heirs quitclaimed to the Rector and Brethren 
of Edyndon all our right in the manors of Bratton and Estrop, 
with their appurtenances, which they hold for the life of 
Benedicta wife of the said John by her demise, licence of the 
lord king being obtained for this. And we, &c., will warrant, 
&c., against all men for ever. In testimony whereof we have 

set our seal, &c. Witnesses Wilton, Tuesday 

next after the feast of the Circumcision of the Lord. 35 
Edward III. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [35 Edward III (2nd Nos.), 
No. 44.] (Inquisitio ad. quod damnum.} 

A.D. 1361. Inquisition taken at Edyndon, 30 November, 
35 Edward III. The Jury say that it is not to the prejudice of 
the king or of any other, if the king allow John de Edyndon, 
knight, to grant 12 messuages, 12 tofts, 12 carucates of land, 
20 acres of meadow, and 20 acres of pasture, with their 
appurtenances, in Edyndon, Tynhyde, Coterigge, Bratton, 
Melbourne, Stoke and Erlestoke, to the Rector and Friars of 



to Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the Monastery of Edyndon to hold to them and their 
successors for ever. All the land and tenements aforenamed 
are held of the Abbess of Romesey as of her manor of 
Edyndon by the service of 505. yearly, and she holds of the 
king in chief; Except a virgate of land held for 55. yearly of 
the lord of Westbury, that manor being held of the king, so 
that the lord of Westbury is mean between the king and John 
de Edyndon : And except a messuage and 2 virgates of land 
held of the manor of the late John de Maundevill by the 
service of 2|lbs. of pepper and 5 capons yearly rent, therefore 
the lord of the manor of Maundevill is mean for that messuage 
and land between the king and John de Edyndon, and it is 
worth 2os. yearly and no more, because the land is sterile and 

lies here and there in several parcels. Item it 

is not to the prejudice, &c., if the king allow William Dendyng 
and John Clarke, chaplain, to grant that 3 messuages, i mill, 
3 tofts, 1 1 carucates of land, 10 acres of meadow, 10 acres of 
pasture, with their appurtenances in Bratton, Melbourne, and 
Stoke, held by William FitzWaryn, knight, for life, shall after 
his death revert, instead of to themselves, to the Rector and 
Friars of Edyndon to hold to them and their successors for 
ever. And the aforesaid three messuages, &c., are held 
of the lord of the manor of Westbury by the service 
of 225. Q\d. yearly, the lord of Westbury being the only 
mean between the king and William and John. Except 

* held of the fee of Dansys by the service 

of 65. yearly ; and except 10 acres of land held of 
the manor of Maundevill by the service of us. and ilb. of 
pepper yearly, and the manor of Maundevill is held of the 
king. And the yearly value of the said land and tenements is 
no more than 205., because the land is sterile. And the 
foresaid John de Edyndon and William Dendyng and John 
Clarke have other property remaining to them after the said 

* Illegible. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. n 

donation. In witness whereof the Jury seal. Dated as 
abovesaid. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, /. 61. 
The Charter of Sir John de Edyngdon. 

A.D. 1362. Know that I, John de Edyndon, knight, at the 
request of the venerable father and my lord, the lord William 
Bishop of Winchester, my uncle, and for the welfare of the 
souls of John de Edyndon, my father, and of all my ancestors, 
and of all the faithful departed, have given and by this my 
present charter confirm to John, Rector of Edyndon, and the 
Convent there, and to his successors, all my lands and 
tenements, with all reversions, services and rents of my 
tenants, with all their appurtenances in Edyndon, Bratton, 
Mulbourne, Coterugge, and Tynhyde ; To have and hold all 
the foresaid lands, &c., for ever in free and perpetual alms : 
Returning therefore to the chief lord of that fee the customary 
service belonging therefore. And I and my heirs will warrant 
to the Rector and Convent and their successors against all 
men for ever. In witness whereof I have set my seal, &c. 
Witnesses, &c., Edyndon, 20 February, 36 Edward III. 

IBID., / 6i b< 
Release of William de Edyndon, Bishop of Winchester. 

To all Christians, &c. I, William de Edyndon, By the 
Divine permission Bishop of Winchester, send greeting in the 
eternal lord. Know that we, for ourselves and heirs, have 
remitted and quit-claimed for ever to the Rector and Friars of 
their house or monastery of the Order of St. Augustine of 
Edyndon all our right in all those lands, tenements, meadows, 
grazing grounds and pastures, with all their appurtenances, 
lately acquired by us in Edyndon, Tynhyde, Bratton, and 
Mulbourne, so that neither us, nor our heirs, nor any of our 
name may in future have any right in the said lands, &c. 
And we and all our heirs will warrant the foresaid lands, &c., 
to the Rector and brethren against all men for ever. In 



t2 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

witness whereof we seal. Witnesses London, 

22nd March, 36 Edward III. 

IBID., f. 90"' 
[Also FEET OF FINES, WILTS. 29-38 Edward III.] 

At Westminster, in the quindene of Easter, 36 Edward 
III. Between the Rector of the House or Monastery of 
Regular Friars of the Order of St. Augustine of Edyndon, 
plaintiffs, and Nicholas atte Hoke and Joan his wife, defor- 
ciants, of the manors of Bratton and Estrop, with their 
appurtenances. Plea of warranty was summoned. Nicholas 
and Joan acknowledged the right of the Rector, and they 
quit-claimed for themselves and the heirs of Joan to the said 
Rector and his successors for ever ; and warranted from them- 
selves and the heirs of Joan to the Rector and his successors 
the said manors, with their appurtenances, against all men 
for ever. For this the Rector gave Nicholas and Joan 200 
silver marks. 

IBID., / 91. 
Release of William Thurstayn to the Rector of Edyndon. 

A.D. 1363. I, William Thurstayn, son of the heretofore 
Joan Thurstayn, of Stepelham, in the Hundred of Domerham, 
Wilts, have released and, for myself and my heirs, quit-claimed 
for ever to the Rector and Friars of the House or Monastery 
of Edyndon and their successors all my right and claim in all 
lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, pasturages, rents, and 
services which John Maundeville lately had in Bratton and 
Estrop. And I, &c., will warrant, &c., against all men for 
ever. In testimony whereof I have set my seal, &c. 
Witnesses Edyndon, 4th February, 37 Ed- 
ward III. 

IBID. 

Release of the same to the same repeated, William 
Thurstayn, or Thursteyn, here describing himself as " son of 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 13 

Joan Thurstayn, daughter of the heretofore Richard de la 
Rivere, of Stepelham, in the Hundred of Domerham." Dated 
at Westbury, Monday next after the Feast of St. Peter's 
Chains, 37 Edward III. 

IBID., / 9i b - 

Charter of Walter Dansy to Robert Gundewyne and 
Thomas Jordan. 

A.D. 1364. I, Walter Dansy, of Dulton, Wilts, have 
granted to Robert Gundewyne and Thomas Jordan, chaplain, 
my manor of Bratton, with its appurtenances, To Hold to 
them, their heirs and assigns, of the chief lords of that fee by 
the service therefore due and accustomed for ever : And 
Returning therefore yearly to the lord king and his heirs 10 
marks of lawful money at the Feast of the Annunciation for a 
certain yearly rent belonging to the manor of Dulton and 
Bratton aforesaid, due to the lord king and his heirs, and also 
paying to the Sheriff of Wilts for the time being yearly 45. Bd. 
at the same Feast for me and my heirs for ever. And I, &c., 
will warrant, &c., against all men for ever. In testimony 

whereof I have set my seal, &c. Witnesses 

Bratton, roth October, 38 Edward III. 

IBID. 

Release and quitclaim of Walter Dansy to Robert 
Gundewyne and Thomas Jordan, chaplain, of all his right in 
the manor of Bratton. Dated Bratton, 24th October, 38 
Edward III. 

IBID., /. 89"' 
Royal Patent to the Rector of Edyndon. 

Edward, &c., King of England, &c. To all, &c. Know 
that whereas we have lately given licence for ourselves and 
our heirs to our beloved in Christ, the Rector and brethren of 
the House or Monastery of Regular Friars of St. Augustine of 
Edyndon, to acquire in pure and perpetual alms for their 



14 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

maintenance and the support of their house or monastery, 
lands and tenements and rents, with the appurtenances and 
advowsons of churches, held of us or any one else, as well of 
their own as of an alien fee, to the value of 100 marks, accord- 
ing to the extent and value of the same, the statute of lands in 
mortmain notwithstanding : We have granted that Benedicta, 
who was the wife of John de Maundeville and held the manors 
of Bratton and Esthrop, with the appurtenances, for the term 
of her life of the inheritance of Joan, wife of Nicholas atte 
Hoke, may give her estate in the foresaid manors held from us 
in chief, and worth in all the issues according to their true 
value 10 marks, by the inquisition made by our eschaetor in 
Wilts, John de Estbury ; and that the foresaid Nicholas and 
Joan, by virtue of the donation of Benedicta, may release their 
right in the said manors to the Rector and brethren ; and 
that the Rector and brethren may receive the manors from 
Benedicta, Nicholas and Joan. Witness, the King himself. 
Westminster, 25 October, 38 year of his reign. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. 
[38 Edward III. (2nd Nos.\ No. 21 (Inquisitio ad quod 

damnum).] 

Inquisition taken at Westbury, in Wilts, nth November, 
38 Edward III. The Jury say that it is not to the prejudice of 
the lord king, or of any other, if he concede to Robert 
Gondewyne and Thomas Jurdan, that whereas they have 
acquired the manor of Bratton, with the appurtenances, from 
Walter Dansy, who held that manor and the manor of Dulton, 
with the appurtenances, of the king in chief, by the service of 
10 marks to be paid yearly by the hands of the Sheriff of 
Wilts for the time being, and 45. &d. yearly to the Sheriff; by 
virtue of which acquisition the said Robert and Thomas entered 
into the manor of Bratton and its appurtenances, not having 
obtained the king's licence may recover possession of the 
said manor of Bratton, of the gift of the king to hold of him in 
chief, by the service of 10 marks for the said two manors, by the 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 15 

hands of the foresaid sheriff, and 45. 8d. to the same sheriff, 
by reason of his office, to be paid yearly for ever ; and that 
they may assign the manor of Bratton, with its appurtenances, 
for ever to the Rector and Friars of the Order of St. Augustine 
of Edyngdon to have and hold to themselves and their 
successors of the king by the same service for ever. And they 
say that in the manor of Bratton is one capital messuage with 
a garden, worth, beyond deductions for repairs, yearly 23. 6d. 
There is there a carucate of land in domain, containing 104^ 
acres of arable land, of which 29 acres lie under the hill, and 
are worth 6d. the acre yearly, and 75^ acres lie on the hill, and 
are worth no more than 2d. the acre yearly, lying in the 
common field and being unable to be sown except in alternate 
years. There are there 14 acres of meadow worth yearly 
1 5 of. ; and 3 acres of pasture in severally worth izd. yearly. 
There is there pasture in common and severally for 300 
sheep, worth 205. There is there 715. id. and 3|lbs. of pepper 
of assized rents yearly, as well of the free as of the native 
tenants, and every Ib. of pepper is worth 2 is., wherefore they 
say that the total sum thereof is ^7 55. Sd. And the said 
manor of Bratton is worth besides the fore-said rent of 10 
marks, 45. Sd. t 75. 8d., according to the true value. No other 
lands or tenements remain to the said Robert and Thomas 
after that donation. In witness whereof they have sealed. 
Dated in the place and year abovesaid. 

(To be continued.) 



The Paschal Candle. In reference to a note on this 
subject on p. 574 of our last volume, a correspondent writes, that 
this candle is not a taper and should not be lighted at Benedic- 
tion, which is not a liturgical service. Properly speaking it is 
not blessed, for it represents Christ and His Life during the 
the great forty days, and is used to bless the Font, and from 
it all the lights in the Church are taken. 



1 6 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

MARRIAGE RECORDS. 
(Continued from Vol. II, p. 571.) 



N. 

1705-2-12. Thomas NEAT, of city of Bristol, merchant, to Love 
HARRIS, of Chippenham, at Chippenham. 

1706-4-27. Elizabeth NEAT, of Chippenham ph., dau. of John 
Neat, late of Chippenham, to Robert READ, of 
Chippenham, at Chippenham. 

1709-5-6. Elizabeth NARRAWAY, of Wootton Basset, to William 
STOAKES, of Sands, at Charlcut. 

1712-6-3. Thomas NASH, of Melksham, woolcomber, son of 
Thomas Nash, of Chippenham, to JaneSANGER, 
of Melksham, at Melksham. 

1721-8-26. John NEATE, son of John Neate, of Calne, to 
Elizabeth CALE, at Calne. 

1723-5-31. Israel NOYS, of Bradford, clothier, son of Israel 
and Catherine Noys, of Bradford, to Mary 
GUNDRY, of Devizes, at Devizes. 

1724-10-29. Deborah NEWMAN, dau. of Paul Newman, Senr., of 
Melksham, to Amos SUMTION, of Melksham, at 
Melksham. 

1743-1-27. Thos. NEATE, of Cain, clothier, to Mary SARJANT, 
at Calne. 

1753-9-13. Amey NEWMAN, dau. of Paul Newman, of Melksham, 
to John BELL, of Melksham, at Melksham. 

1755-6-4. Dennis NEWMAN, of Melksham, son of Paul and 
Elizabeth Newman, of Melksham, to Rachel 
ROSE, at Devizes. 

1757-12-1. Joannah NOYES, dau. of Israel and Joanna Noyes, 
of Calne, to Jeremiah Cox, of London, at 
Charlcott. 

1762-5-4. John NEWMAN, of Melksham, clothier, son of Paul 
Newman, late of Melksham, to Mary TYLEE, at 
Broomham. 

1763-7-21. Samuel NEATE, of Calne, to Anna GOULDNEY, of 
Chippenham, at Corsham, 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 17 

1779-4-22. George NASH, of Tockington, Olveston ph., co. of 
Gloucester, son of Ambrose and Elizabeth Nash, 
of Old Sodbury, to Mary BENNET, at Pickwick. 

1788-7-16. James NEAVE, of Fordingbridge, co. of Hants, 
woolstapler, son of Josiah and Elizabeth 
Neaves, of Fordingbridge, co. of Hants, to 
Hannah GUNDRY, at Calne. 

1789-12-22. Nicholas NAFTEL, of Peter's Port, Island of 
Guernsey, clockmaker, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Naftel, of Peter's Port, Island of 
Guernsey, to Mary HIGMAN, of Melksham, at 
Melksham. 

1832-5-9. Edmund NAISH, of Flax Bourton, co. of Somerset, 
tanner, son of Edmund and Mary Naish, of 
Flax Bourton, co. of Somerset, to Mary WITHY, 
at Portishead, co. of Somerset. 

O. 

1704-10-26. John OGBORNE, of Tedbury, co. of Gloucester, 
joiner, to Hester BISHOP, of Westbury Leigh, 
at Warminster. 

1706-5-10. Jone ODEY to Saml. STINCHCOM. 

1707-9-17. Jeremiah OWEN, of Warminster ph., broadweaver, 
son of John Owen, of Warminster ph., to 
Elizabeth WRENCH (alias HOBBS), of War- 
minster ph., at Warminster. 

P. 

1710-8-27. Margarett PONTON, of Warminster, spinster, dau. 
of Andrew Ponton, of Westbury, to William 
GARDNER, Jr., of Warminster, at Warminster. 

1715-2-29. William PRICE, of Christian Malford, maltster, son 
of Henry Price, of Christian Malford, to 
Elizabeth RILY, of Eavon, at Charlcut. 

1718-6-28. Rachel PINNELL, dau. of Jefrey Pinnell, late of 
Bristol, to Josiah COLLETT, at Commerwell. 

1719/20-11-31. Jno. PAYNE, of Bridgwater, co. of Somerset, 
son of Simon Payne, late of Weston Banfield, 
co. of Somerset, to Elizabeth SMITH, of Brad- 
ford, at Bradford. 

1722-2-3. Rebecca PINNOCK, dau. of Richard Pinnock, of 
Melksham ph., to George FENELL, at Melksham. 

c 



1 8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1722-11-22. Richd. PINNOCK, of Inmarsh, Melksham ph., 
yeoman, to Jone SHEWRING, of Melksham, at 
Melksham. 

1724-10-22. James PAYNE, of Bradford, broadweaver, son of 
Robert Payne, to Mary CHARLES, at Melksham. 

1725-2-7. Walter PRICE, of Xtian Malford, maltster, son of 
Henry Price, late of Xtian Malford, to Catherine 
TRUMAN, at Cummerwell. 

1731-8-17. Stephen PALMER, of Purton Stoke, feltmaker, to 
Mary TAYLER, late of Thornbury, at Purton 
Stoake. 

1736-1-28. Daniel PACKER, of Derry Hill, weaver, to Mary 
ELLIS, at Chippenham. 

1750-10-25. Edith PINNOCK, dau. of Thomas Pinnock, late of 
Melksham Park, Melksham ph., to Wm. ROSE, 
at Melksham. 

1753-8-2. William PRISE, of Sutton Benger, yeoman, to Grace 
TRUMAN, of Purton Stoke. 

1773-4-13. William POWELL, of Nursted, son of James and 
Mary Powell, of Wick, Bishops Cannings ph., 
to Mary TOWNSEND, of Devizes, at Devizes. 

1779-11-9. Sarah POWELL, dau. of James and Mary Powell, 
of Devizes Wick, to John JAMES [? JONES], of 
Newton Tracey ph., at Devizes. 

I786-2-20. 1 Ann PARADICE, of- Slaughterford, spinster, dau. of 
John Paradice, of co. of Wilts, to Benjamin 
BOND. 

1787-4-13. William PAULL, of Poole, co. of Poole, linen draper, 
son of Richard and Sarah Paull, of town and 
co. of Poole, to Rebecca JEFFERYS, at Melksham. 

1819-8-18. William POWELL, of Nursteed, near Devizes, son 
of James and Mary Powell, of Devizes Wick, 
to Mary JEFFERYS, at Melksham. 

R. 

1700-7-22. Thomas REYNOLDS to Sarah YOUNG, at Brink- 
worth. 



1 Probably this marriage is erroneously inserted here, as it has 
previously been given under a date exactly a century before, see vol. ii, pages 
291 and 426. Among the records of Births, children of Benj. and Ann Bond 
appear in due coarse after the earlier date, 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 19 



1706-4-27. Robert READ, of Chippenham, comber, son of 
John Read, of Chippenham, to Elizabeth NEAT, 
of Chippenham ph., at Chippenham. 

1708-5-13. John READ, of Chippenham, worsted comber, to 
Dorothy BAYLY, of Whitly, at Melksham. 

1712-1-5. John REEVE, of Brumham, husbandman, son of 
William Reeve, of Blackland, Cain ph., to 
Elizabeth ROBBINS, of Bradford, dau. of Matthew 
and Elizabeth Robbins, late of Calne, at 
Melksham. 

1714-9-5. Jane RYLY, dau. of Daniel Ryly, late of Avon, 
Christian Malford ph., to James CARE, of 
Avon, at Charlcut. 

1715-2-29. Elizabeth RYLY, of Eavon, Christian Malford ph., 
to William PRICE, of Christian Malford, at 
Charlcut. 

1716-1-27. Lydia RYLEE, spinster, dau. of Daniel Rylee, of 
Eavon, to Thomas JEFFREES, of Godsill, at 
Charlcott. 

1720-8-6. Amy RAWLINS, of Bradford ph., to William SPARROW, 
of Bradford ph., at Comberwell. 

1721-10-25. Mary ROSE, of Devizes, dau. of Thomas and 
Mary Rose, of Devizes, to John GUNDRY, of 
Devizes, at Devizes. 

1722-3-24. Samuel RUTTY, grocer, son of John Rutty, of 
Melksham, to Mary TYLER, at Bradford. 

1726-8-20. Townly RIGBY, Esqr., of Middleton, Lancashire, 
son of Elaxander and Ann Rigby, late of 
Middleton, to Grace HILL, at Purton. 

1728-10-19. Mary RYLY, of Suttin Banger, dau. of Daniel and 

Elizth. Ryly, of Avon, to Thomas TAYLER, of 

Ashen Cains, at Charlcott. 
1730-8-28. Betty RYLEY, dau. of Daniel Ryley, late of Avon, 

Christian Malford ph., to Robert EDWARDS, of 

Notten, at Charlcot. 
1732-2-16. Andrew RANDALL, son of Andrew Randall, of 

Chippenham, to Esther BAYLY, at Sutton. _ 
1732/3-1-12. Hannah RILY, of Lavington, widdow, to Jacob 

SELF, at Lavington. 
! 735-7-7 Ann ROSE, dau. of Thomas and Mary Rose, of 

Devizes, to Joshua TYLEE, of Widecomb, at 

Devizes. 

c 2 



20 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

17 o-12-ii. Andrew RANDALL, Jr., of Chippenham, weaver, to 
Jane COOK, of Biddlestone, at Chippenham. 

1741-10-27. Sarah ROSE, dau. of Thomas and Mary Rose, of 
Devizes, to Thomas COLLET, of Bath, at Devizes. 

1742-12-24. Thomas REYNOLDS, of London, clothworker, to 
Susannah FINDLAY, of Mounkton, at Corsham. 

1749-4-11. Hester RUTTY, dau. of Samuel Rutty, of Melk- 
sham, to John BENNET, at Melksham. 

1750-10-25. Wm. ROSE, son of Joseph Rose, of Bradford, to 
Edith PINNOCK, at Melksham. 

1752-9-24. Mary RUTTY, dau. of Samuel Rutty, of Melksham, 
to Richard LYNE, of city of Bristol, at Melksham. 

1753-12-16. Catherine RUTTY, dau. of Samuel Rutty, of Melk- 
sham, to Thomas FOWLER, of Melksham, at 
Melksham. 

1754-9-25. Jonathan RUTTY, of Melksham, son of Samuel 
Rutty, of Melksham, to Hanh. SANGER, at 
Melksham. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 

(To be continued.) 
Ruskin Road, 

Tottenham, Middx. 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 



(Continued from Vol. II., p. 566.^ 



HENRY VIII. 

119. Anno 23. James Moore and Elizabeth his wife, 
Ralph Lancaster, Maurice Rogers, John Weyer, Robert 
Weyer, junior, William Pecok, and John Mathewe, and Chris- 
tian his wife ; messuage and lands in Marleborough. ^33 
sterling. 

120. Anno 24. Clement Yong and Mary his wife and 
John Beverley de Beverlaco and Agnes his wife; messuages 
and land in Merleburgh. ^40 sterling. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 2 1 

121. Anno 24.-^David Lewys and Thomas Gawen, Arm., 
messuages and lands in New Sarum. 80 marks. 

122. Anno 24. John Bordon and John Neyt and Agnes 
his wife, daughter and heir of John Balowe ; messuage and 
lands in Al Cannyngis. 40. 

123. Anno 24. Richard Gresham, William Gresham, 
and William Hardyng, and Arthur Uvedale, Arm.; fourth part 
of messuages and lands in Chawryngton, Chawlderton, and 
Cholderton. ^80. 

124. Anno 24. John Abarrow, Arm., John Hawles, 
Thomas Marten, Thomas Sharpe, Hugh Thomas, and David 
Lewys, and John Horsey and William Horsey ; messuages 
and gardens in New Sarum. ^100. 

125. Anno 24. Thomas Englefeld, knight, justice of the 
king's bench, Edmund Marvyn, serjeant-at-law, Bartholomew 
Huse, John Cervyngton, Charles Bulkeley, John A'Barowe, 
John Stone, and Thomas Chaflfyn, and Margaret Gerberd, 
widow ; of the Manor of Odestoke, messuages and lands in 
Odestoke, Highmede, and Birtford, with advowson of the 
church at Odestoke. 

126. Anno 24. John Brygges, knight, John Seymere, 
knight, Leonard Pole, Arm., Richard Brigges, Arm., and Robt. 
Sewy, gen., and John Tucket, Lord Audeley, manor of Brough- 
ton Gyffbrd and Assheton Gyfford ; messuages and lands and 
30 shillings rent, in Broughton Gyfford and Assheton Gyfford. 
240 sterling. 

127. Anno 24. John Ewstas and Phillip Godfrey; mes- 
suages and garden in New Sarum. ^20 sterling. 

128. Anno 24. Thomas Holme, of New Sarum, tanner, 
and John Bulkeley and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heiress 
of Esmond Sowthe ; messuages in New Sarum. 30. 

129. Anno 24. Richard Lyster, knight, William Thorp, 
John Mylle, John Sentpole, and William Smyth, chaplain, and 
Anthony Seyntmonds, knight, and Anna his wife; manor of 
Wodrewe, messuages and lands, and pasture for 100 sheep, 



22 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

and 100 shillings rent, in Wodrewe, Milkeshin, Bromehin, 
and Ambresbury. ^400 sterling. 

130. Anno 24. John Erley, Arm., Robert Balfront, cleri- 
cus, and Thomas Fitzjames, Arm., and Mary his wife ; mes- 
suages and lands, 40 shillings rent, in Heightredesbury and 
Fenny Sutton. ^220 sterling. 

131. Anno 25. Michael Dormer, William Danntesey, 
Robert Pakyngton, William Baldwyn and Ambrose Danntesey, 
and William Bekett and Thomas Bekett ; messuages and 
lands, one water mill, and 10 shillings and 4 pence halfpenny 
rent, in Lanford, with advowson of the church of Lanford. 
;i2o sterling. 

132. Anno 25. Robert Larder, gen., and John Forthey; 
messuage and garden in Malmysbury. ^40 sterling. 

133. Anno 25. John Mordaunt, of Mordaunt, knight, 
Giles Strangways, knight, Edmund Mervyn, serjeant-at-law, 
John Marvyn, Arm., Henry Strangways, Arm., Edmund Mom- 
pesson, Arm., Bartholomew Husey, Thos. Mompesson, William 
Mervyn, Richard Mompesson, William Thornhill, William 
Hill, clericus, and Thomas West, knight, Lord la ware 
(Delaware), and Elizabeth his wife; manor of Fountell de la 
Ware, messuage and lands ; 6 shillings and 8 pence rent, in 
Fountell Gyfford als. Nether Fountell Stoppe, and Berwyke 
Seynt Leonarde, and lands in Tesbury, Assheldowne. ^40. 

134. Anno 25. William Willyngton, Michael Dormer, 
Bartholomew Hussey, Ambrose Danntesey, Thomas Mompes- 
son, and Thomas Walwyn and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages 
and lands, and pasture for two cows and 40 sheep, in Lavyng- 
ton Ep. 100 marks. 

135. Anno 25. Edward, Archbishop of York, John 
Gaynsford, knt., John Baker, recorder of London, John Legh, 
armiger, Thomas Arundell, arm., Geoffrey Legh, arm., William 
Muschamp, generosus, Ralph Legh, gen., Richard Deane, 
clericus, and Edward Paynton, knt. ; manor of Compton 
Chamberleyn, Fallersdon, Tollard and Fernam ; messuages and 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire, 23 

lands in Compton Chamberleyne, Fallersdon, Tollard, Fernam, 
Combe and Croucheston. ^800. 

136. Anno 25. Robert Lewen and Anthony Styleman, 
arm., and Richard Styleman ; messuages in Devizes. ^20. 

137. Anno 25. Thomas Leman and William Ryle ; 
messuages and lands in Calne, Studley and Stoke in the parish 
of Calne. ^60. 

138. Anno 26. Richard Baker, and Richard Lykeman and 
Johanna his wife ; messuages and lands in Lugersale. ^30. 

139. Anno 26. John Ussher and William Gawen ; lands 
in Hawkerige mead, parish of Westbury. 

140. Anno 26. Thomas Chaifyn, John Stone, John 
Acton, and Christopher Chaffyn and Dorothy his wife ; 
messuages in Warmyster. ^80. 

141. Anno 26. William Beynton, Thomas Hargrave, and 
Robert Dalamere, gen. ; manor of Hardwyke, messuages and 
lands in Elfeld. ^280. 

142. Anno 26. Richard Bryan, John Blacket, William 
Willyams, and John Rylbek and Agnes his wife ; messuages 
in New Sarum. ^40. 

143. Anno 26. Richard Mytton, Nicholas Vynar, Robert 
Brunker and John Floure, and Gregory Nicholas and Cecilia 
his wife; messuages and lands in Wodlondyslelyes (?) and 
Eddesmcan (?), parish of Calne. ^30. 

144. Anno 26. Edmund Pulley, and John Knyght alias 
Shepard, and Julia his wife, kinswoman and heir of John 
Wevyngs; messuages and lands in Asheton Keynes, Great 
Chelworth and Calcott. ,80. 

145. Anno 26. William Dauntesey, John Henton, John 
Gat, Thomas Henton and William Duper, gen., and Henry 
Apulby ; messuages and lands in Alborne alias Aldiborne. 

40- 

146. Anno 27. William Barley, arm., Francis Southwell, 

arm., William More, arm., Geoffry Dersey, arm., Edward 
Hasilwoode, Edward Denton, Mathew Colcroft, and William 
Tucke, and William Thornburgh, arm. ; manors of Orcheston 



24 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Mary, Legh, Chalryngton, Charlton, Chelsester and Eynford, 
messuages and lands in Orcheston Mary, Orcheston Vowell, 
Legh near Castelcomb, Chalryngton, Charlton, Chelcester 
near Calne als. Calne, High Swyndon, Estcote, Westcote, 
Walcote, West Swyndon, Myhenden, Netherwroghton, Sutton 
Benger, Calne, Calne Stoke, Stokley, Beysbroke, Beversbroke, 
Eynford, Lyttlecote, Chesynbury, Combe, Homyngton, 
Netherhaven, Ludgersale, Hylcote als. Holcote, Manyngford 
Wyke, Wyllford, Wyllyngford Wyke, North Tudworth, 
Semyngton, and Rydloo ; with advowson of the churches of 
Chalryngton, Legh, and Orcheston Mary. ^800. 

147. Anno 27. Henry Brunker, and Simon Baker and 
Margaret his wife ; messuages and lands in Bubton Dotemarsh 
and Thornhill. ^40. 

148. Anno 27. John Rous, Robert Tetherley, and Roger 
Yorke, sergeant-at-law, and Margaret his wife ; messuages 
and lands in New Sarum. 

149. Anno 28. William Goddard, and William Prater 
and Agnes his wife ; messuages and lands in Glorysse and in 
the parish of Lacock. ^10. 

150. Anno 28. Anthony Hungerford, knt., Lodowick 
Fortescu, arm., and Henry Clyfford, arm. ; manor of 
Burdenysvall, messuages and lands in Fulston and Wilton. 

151. Anno 28. Richard Awsten, John Stocker, senior, 
and Jacob Mesurer, and John Tucket, knt., of Awdeley, and 
George Tucket, son and heir of John ; manor of Cowssefeld 
Lobereys, messuages and lands in Cowssefelde Lobereys and 
Whyt parysshe. ^140. 

152. Anno 28. Robert Balfront, clerk, Thomas Westley, 
gen., and Robert May, alias Hewsten, and Margaret his wife ; 
messuages and lands in Great Hornyngsham, Little Hornyns- 
ham, Anstie, and Hill Deuerell, next the hundred of 
Haytrysbury, alias Heytysbury. ;no. 

153. Anno 28. John Burchyer, knt, Bartholomew 
Hussee, Charles Bulkeley, John Palmes and Richard Palmes, 



Notes on Great Somerford. 25 

and Edward Crowche; messuages and lands in Stocketon 
Welye and Stepellongford. ' ,40. 

154. Anno 27 and 28. Anthony Hungerford, knt, 
Edward Seymer, knt., Thomas Yorke, arm., Richard Andrew, 
gen., and John Waren, and Roger Young, gen. ; messuages 
and lands in Loght Wynkworth, Cleverdon, and Pirton. 



155. Anno 27 and 28. Anthony Pleydall, and Elizabeth 
his wife, and Thomas Button, gen., and Agnes his wife; 
messuages and lands in Staunton. ^200. 

156. Anno 28. Walter Twynborow, and Peter Morgan, 
son and heir of Edward Morgan, arm. ; messuages and land 
in Chitterne Manor. 100 marks. 

157. Anno 28. John Marven, arm., and Thomas West, 
knt., Lord De La Warr and Elizabeth his wife ; manor of 
Wyke, messuages and lands in Wyke and Tysbury. ,300. 

158. Anno 28. Walter Hungerford, knt., Lord Hunger- 
ford of Haytesbury, and Peter Morgan, son and heir of 
Edward Morgan ; messuages and lands in Warminster and 

Knoke. 200. 

E. A. FRY. 

(To be continued.) 



NOTES ON GREAT SOMERFORD. 

(Continued from Vol. II, p. 552.) 

About the end of the seventeenth century, William 
Alexander acquired a good deal of landed property in Somer- 
ford, most of which eventually came to the Smiths. Part of 
this, an estate called Blanchard's, was purchased of the 
family of Browning or Bruning, being a portion of their 
manor of Somerford Bolles, a name of which there is now 
scarcely any trace left unless it be in the name of a large 



26 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

field called the Bolsey meadow, near the railway. A few 
extracts from some old deeds may help to identify Blanchard's, 
but there have been many exchanges and divisions in the lands 
at Somerford, and one can hardly expect to find all the various 
plots and fields still retaining their old names. In 1652,* 
Anthony Bruninge (Browning in endorsement) of Woodcott, 
co. Southton, esq., and Edmund Bruninge, gent., son and 
heir apparent of said Anthony Bruninge, in consideration of 
^250, did demise to Theodore Chelton, yeoman, of Rod- 
bourne, in the parish of Malmesbury, 

" All that messuage or tenement with appurtenances in Somertord 
Bolls, otherwise Great Somerford, called Blanchard's, wherein one 
William Browne now dwelleth, with all barns, stables, &c., to said 
messuage belonging, also common of pasture for six Rother beastes in 
Somerford Marshe every year from the feast of Invention of Holy Crosse 
until the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, commonly called Lammas Daye. 
To said Theodore Chelton and his assigns, immediately after the death 
of said William Browne, for term of 99 years or lives of said Theodore 
Chelton, Thomas Chelton his sonne, and Thomas Browne, nowe of 
Sutton Benger, sonne ot John Browne, of Somerford aforesaid. Yearly 
rent 243., and the tenant for time being to do suit and service at the 
Court of Anthony and Edmund Bruninge for the manor of Somerford 
Bolls. Witnesses, Richard Thorner, J. Warnetorde, Thomas Chelton." 
Seal : Two bends wavy ; crest, a leopard's head crowned. BRUNING. 

After the purchase of Blanchard's by William Alexander, 
a " collateral security against quit rents " gives a few more 
particulars of the Bruning manor. 

"This indenture, ist December 1693, between Edmund 2 Bruneing, 
of Hamildon, co. Southton, esq., and Richard Bruneing, gent., sonn 



1 In 1655 there was a ratification of this lease by three trustees, John 
Caryll of Hartinge, Sussex, esq., Laurence Hyde of Hynton Dawbney, 
esq., and Arthur Bold of Petersfield, esq. 

2 Wrongly given (vol. i, p. 518) as Sir Edmund Bruning ; there is no autho- 
rity for any other designation than that of Esquire. The foot of a fine (reign 
of Elizabeth) levied between William Brunynge, plaintiff, and his mother 
Elianor Brunynge, widow, deforciant of a house and garden, 12 acres of 
land, 11 acres of meadow, 17 acres of pasture and common of pasture 
for every kind of beast in Somerford Magna, probably refers to a portion of 
the property mentioned above. 



Notes on Great Somerford. 27 

and heire apparent ot said Edmund of the one part, and William 
Alexander, of Broad Somerford, gent., Michaell Wicks of the parish of 
St. Mary Axe in the Citty of London, esq., and Thomas Evans ot 
Malmesbury, mercer, of the other part. Whereas said Edmund and 
Richard Bruneing have sold and conveyed to said William Alexander, a 
messuage called Blanchard's, 1 &c., parcel of the manor of Somerford 
Boales, als. Bolles, situate in or near Broad Somerford and held by some 
lease determinable upon the death of one Thomas Chelton. Also to 
said Michaell Wicks, a messuage or tenement called Mayo's Farme, 
and to said Thomas Evans a messuage or tenement called The Grove, 
and several closes, meadows, lands, and appurtenances to same, and 
also an enclosed ground called the Great Velver, als. the Great Ffernfeild, 
about four acres, heretotore, parcel of before mentioned Mayo's farme. 
Now this Indenture wittnesseth that Edmund and Richard Bruneing have 
bargained and sold to said William Alexander, Michaell Wicks, and 
Thomas Evans, All that the Manor or Lordshipp of Somerford Boales, 
als. Bolles, and all that tarme called Rummings, held for the lives of 
Seltes two daughters, and all that farme called Serjeant's, and all that 
farme calied Lee's living, now or late in the possession of the widow 
Lee, all part of said manor of Somerford Boales situate in Great or 
Little Somertord, or in one of them." All parties to be indemnified from 
rent charges, quit rents, &c. Witnesses, Francis Bruninge and Robert 
Southam. 

Another of William Alexander's possessions, Cotterills or 
Cockrells (now West Street farm), had formerly belonged to the 
Mompessons, who also appear to have held " one moyetye or 
halfe parte of the manor of Somerford Magna." The house is 
an ancient building and has probably undergone many changes. 
In the front wall are two small carved stones, much worn, but 
one evidently has borne the lion rampant of the Mompessons ; 2 
there is also some zigzag ornamentation, but all these stones 
appear to have been removed from their original positions and 



1 In 1703 there was a mortgage on Blanchard's (its various parcels of 
ground minutely described) to Mary Gore, of Aldrington, widow (of Thomas 
Gore, the antiquary), for 200. Signature and seal of Mary Gore, on a 
lozenge, three bull's heads caboshed, impaling a lion rampant. MEBEDITH. 
Witnesses Francis Gore, John, Rachel and Francis Goodenough. 

2 The manor of Seagry, adjoining Somerford, was held till 1648 by 
descendants of a branch of the Mompessons, and in Aubrey and Jackson, 
under " Seagre vulgo' Segarey " (note, p. 282), is mention of some property 
called " Segre Cockerel's." See also Aubrey's Armorial Plates, xxviii, 409, for 
coat of Mompesson. 



28 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

may have belonged to some other building. Previous to 1 603 
Cotterills was in the occupation of Philip Batten, whose will 1 
takes us back to the time of the Yewes in Somerford, and 
dating as it does from the first year of James I, speaks of a life 
which had probably extended at least through the whole of 
Queen Elizabeth's reign. 

" In the name of God, Amen, the 2ist August, 1603. I, Philip Batten 
of Broad Somerford in the county ot Wilts and diocese of Sarum, yeoman, 
hole in bodie and of perfect memorie (God be thanked therefore) doe 
make my last Will and Testament in manner and forme following, ffirst 
I bequeathe my soule being departed from my bodie to Almightie God 
the Father, the Sonne and the Holy Ghost, and my bodie to be buryed in 
the church or churchyard of Broad Somerford. 

To our Lady Church of Sarum 2s. 

To prsh. church of Broad Somerford one load of paving stones. 

To Margery my daughter my lease of Starkley grove and 10 of my 
best kine, 20 of my best sheep, one ot my best beddes with the 
furniture, and the third part of my silver spoones. Owt of the which 
ground of Starkley grove and stocke of kine I reserve lx. u of loful 
english money hereafter to be bequeathed. 

To Ellen my daughter my lease of the Church house and threescore 
pounds to be paid by 10 yearly out of Starkley grove, 40 sheep, 2 kine, 
my second best bed furnished and a third part of my silver spoons. 
Provided allwayes that yt eyther of my said daughters shall happen to 
depart this lief befor the day of her marriage or the age of 21 yeres then 
legacies shall be to the survivor of them. 

To Arthur Taplin 3 sheepe. 

Item, I doe earnestly request and heartyly desire Richard Atwood, 
clerk, John Stratton, yeoman, John Batten, my brother, and William 
Knappe, my kinsman, to be overseers of this my last will and testament, 
giving unto them or the more part of them, power to determine any 
variance or controversie which shall arise about the same. All the rest 
of my goods and chatalles 2 unbequeathed, my debtes paid, my funeralle 



1 Proved January, 1604 (Archdeaconry Wilts, File I, No. 113). 

2 The inventory of " gooddes and chattalles " comprised the " testator's 
apparrell and a corslet pike, furnished with other arms," priced 
at 9 13s. id. In the " halle " and "p'lor" and in the various chambers 
was the usual substantial furniture, beds for two servants, " 10 payre of 
sheets, 6 doz. of napkins, 6 payre of pillowe beres, 7 table cloathes, 2 
carpets and 4 cushins," the linen, &c. valued at 16 17s. 4rf. A. doz. silver 
spoons, 4. Brass " poyter " and iron stuff, wool and yarn. Concluding 
with the cattle, "6 oxen, 6 calfes, 10 yong beastes, 12 kine, 100 sheepe and 
the horse beastes ", the whole amounting to 399. 



Notes on Great Somerford. 29 

and legacies dischardged, I give and bequeath unto Margerie my wief, 
whom I ordeyn and make the sole and only executrix of this my last 
will. 

In presence of Richard Attwoodde, 1 Humfry Mayo, Willm. Knapp. 
John Batten's mark. Thomas Batten's mark." 

A few years after Philip Batten's death came the sale of 
the Mompesson property in 1609, introducing the families of 
Barrett and Bayliffe as owners of Cockrells and other lands in 
Somerford. Forty years afterwards copies were made of the 
deeds pertaining to this transaction, and form a thick roll, 
which contains much interesting matter, but from which one 
can hardly do more than give extracts. A note at the be- 
ginning informs us that on January ist, 1649, "This indenture 
was exa'i'ed, by Sam Webley and myselfe, with the indenture 
itselfe in the presence of Mr. John Wells, whoo looked on this 
coppie when it was in exa'i'ason. N. Barrett, John Wells, 
Samuel Webley." 

The first indenture sets forth that on Jan. 29th, ;th James 
(1609), Thomas Mompesson of Gorton, co. Wilts, Esq., in 
consideration of ^280 from Nicholas Barrett, gent., of Tyther- 
ton Lucas, and William Baylieff, the younger, of Mounckton, 
in Chippenham, 

" Hath granted and sold to said Nicholas Barrett his heires and 
assigns for ever all that messuage or tenement in Somerford Magna, 
late in tenure of Philipp Batten deceased, commonly called Cockrells, with 
all appurtenances, Also all that messuage late in tenure of said Philipp 
Batten called by the name of Fletchers or the Church House 2 , all that 
messuage late in tenure of Thomas Hoskyns, and all that messuage 
which sometymes was one Barne called Lucas now or late in tenure of 



1 Rector of Great Somerford 15781(505 (" Richard Woodde, rector," in 
deed of 1586). This is the gentleman who was " drowned coming home," 
and who, also according to Aubrey and Jackson (p. 284), must have known 
something about the murder of Harry Long by Sir Henry and Sir Charles 
Danvers. The signature of Charles Danvers appears several times in these 
old deeds. The rectory was partly rebuilt some years ago, but still incor- 
porates Mr. Attwood's parlour. 

2 There is a field called "Church's" not far from the church, but 
no other trace now of a church house, in Somerford. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



said Thomas Hoskyns at any time within the last 20 years, which were 
the inheritance or possession of Thomas Mompesson, Esqre, deceased, 
father of said Thomas Mompesson, party to these presents, or which 
before that were the inheritance or possession of Thomas Mompesson, 
Esqre, deceased, grandfather of said Thomas Mompesson, party to these 
presents, situate in Somerford aforesaid, with all and singular wood, 
trees, reversion and remaynder, &c., &c. And also the one moyetye or 
one halfe parte of the mannor ot Somerford aforesaid, together with the 
one moyetye of the Rights, Royalties, services, Court Barren, Court 
Leetes, &c., &c., to said mannor belonging, in possession of said' Thomas 
Mompesson." 




BARRETT. 

By far the greater part of this long deed deals with the exceptions, 
which were : two messuages late in tenure of William Knappe, one 
called Culverhouse Place and the other Blewette, one tenement in 
occupation of Alice, widow of Thomas Poleridge, deceased, and 
several leases, namely: one indenture bearing date 2jth July, 4oth 
Elizabeth, made by said Thomas Mompesson, Henry Mompesson of 
Gorton, and Drewe Mompesson of Knock, to Philip Batten, being a lease 
of Fletchers or the Church House for lives of himself and his daughters 
Hellen and Margery; one lease of Cockrells, dated 2nd May, 3rd James, 
to Margery, widow of Philip Batten, her daughter Margery, and William 
Baylieff for their three lives : and two other leases to Thomas Hoskyns 



Notes on Great Somerford. 



of his house and the barn called Lucas for lives of himself, his wife 
Hellen, their son John, and Margery and Margarett their daughters. 
Constance, wife of Thomas Mompesson, and his brothers Henry and 
John were included in the guarantee, and Giles Parslowe, citizen and 
grocer, of London, was also a " party." 1 




ANDREWS impaling TOWNSEND. 

Nicholas Barrett died the year following his purchase of 
the Mompesson property, his will and other papers shewing the 

1 The following names occur among the many witnesses to these deeds : 
Henry and John Bay lien*, Kichard Bielbye, Anthony Neate (bayliffe of 



32 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

part William Bayliffe had in the transaction. In the garden 
wall of the old manor house at Tytherton Lucas (West 
Tytherton) may be seen the shield of BARRETT, 1 evidently 
removed to make way for the more imposing coat of ANDREWS 
impaling TOWNSEND, date 1702, now over the iront door of the 
house. 

Will of Nicholas Barrett the sonne of Hugh Barrett 2 and 
father unto Edward Barrett. 

" I, Nicholas Barrett, sonne and heir apparent of Hugh Barrett of 
Tytherton Lucas, gentleman, being sick in body, but ot good and perfect 
memory, doe make and ordeigne this my last will and testament, I4th 
August, 1610 (Proved 2ist November, 1610, P.C.C. 97 Wingfield), My 
body to be buryed in the church or chappell of Tytherton Lucas by the 
discretion of my well beloved father, and concerning my worldly substance 
my will and meaning is that all land and tenements which were settled 
upon me by my so loving father by conveyance upon my marriage shall 
goe, be, and come after my decease according to the true intent and 
meaning of the first conveyance. 

" Item. Where diverse lands and tenements scytuate in Broad Somer- 
ford are conveyed unto me and my heires by Thomas Mompesson, esqre. 
which were so conveyed unto me at the instance of my brother-in-law 
Mr. William Baylieff, partly because my said brother-in-law having a 
former interest for his life in some part of the same premises would not 
have the same conveyed unto himself lest the said interest for life 
should be thereby extinguished and drowned, and partly because myself, 
standing bound for my said brother-in-law in divers somes of money, it 



Chippenham, 1629), Zacheus Isham, William Proudlove, clerk (1610), vicar 
of Chippenham, George Wrottesley, Rich. Longe, Peter Porter, Charles 
Snell, Josias Taylor, Thomas Stoakes, Thomas Hawkins (bayliffe of Chip- 
penham, 1607), Edward Berry, Charles Danvers and Jo. Pepyes. 

1 Aubrey's Armorial Plates, X, 176. On a chevron between three mullets, 
as many lions passant guardant. 

2 See Daniell's History of Chippenham, p. 187. The full inscription on 
the tablet to Hugh Barrett, in West Tytherton church, runs as follows : 
" Hie jacet Corpvs Hvgonis Barrett, | Generosi, qvi | obdormivit in domino 
vicesimo | secvndo die | Ivnii anno aetatis | svae octogesimo qvinto an'o | 
domini millesimo | sexcentesirno vicesimo | septimo." In notes to pedigree 
of Snell, Aubrey and Jackson, p. 133, we see that Hugh Barrett married 
Susan, widow of Edmund Long, of Keilwey (Kellaways), and daughter of 
Nicholas Snell, esq., of Kington St. Michael, who at the Dissolution 
managed to acquire the " Grange of the [Lord Abbot of Glastonbury," his 
late master. 



Notes on Great Somcrford. 33 

was ment that the said lands and premises should be unto me for my 
security in respect of said sums of money, 1 doe, therefore, give 
and bequeath all said land and premises in Somerford unto my father 
Mr. Hugh Barrett, upon this trust and confidence that my executor, being 
saved harmlesse and indempriifyed of all such debts for which I stand 
bound for my said brother-in-law, my father shall settle said lands in 
Somertord eyther upon my said brother-in-law and his heirs or unto such 
persons as my said brother-in law shall appoynt by act or deed in his life 
tyme or by his last Will and testament. 

" To my well-beloved wife Elizabeth the one halfe of all my howse- 
hold stuff e, and the rest of all my goods and chattells to my loving father 
whom I appoynt executor of this my will, humbly desiring him to pay 
such debts as I owe, and to provide for and bring up my children in such 
sort as by true intent of said conveyance made upon my marriage he hath 
most lovingly undertaken to doe. My well-beloved brother-in-law Mr. 
Henry Bayliffe and my brother Mr. Richard Barrett to be my Over- 
seers." 

William Bayliffe's liabilities are made clear in an indenture made 4th 
December, 1617 "between John Baylieff, of the Middle Temple, esqre., 
and William Baylieff, late of Sambourne 1 farm in the parish of Chippen- 
ham, gent., and Margery, his wife, and Hugh Barret, gent., of Tytherton 
Lucas, of the one part, and Richard Barrett, sonne of Hugh Barrett, and 
John Stratton, of Segrey, gent., of the other part. Witnesseth that said 
John Bayliffe, William Bayliffe, Margery, his wife, and Hugh Barrett, in 
consideration of 2 sums of ^140 and ^100 paid by Richard Barrett to 
Otho Nicholson, 2 esq., due by bond of said William Baylieff; and ^123 
more to Alice Knapp ; ^125 to William Thorneburgh, gent. ; 50 i^s.qd. 
to John Mayo ; 18 14.?. <)d. to James Townsend ; ^24 to Phillipp Baynard, 
gent. ; "] to John Scott, and ^3 to Isack Gale, all paid by Richard 
Barrett for debts of said William Baylieff. And also for ^520 paid by 
Richard Barrett to said John Baylieff, and \os. to Hugh Barrett, have 
bargained and sold to said Richard Barrett, his heirs, &c." Here follows 
a full description of the property purchased by Nicholas Barrett, namely, 
Cottrells, the Church House, Hoskyns' messuage, and Lucas " Moyety 
of mannor " and exceptions as before ; with an additional exception of a 
lease granted 2nd May, i3th James, to John Mayo and Margery, his 



1 Enquiries have been made in this magazine (vol. i, pp. 374, 565) as to 
the name of Sambourne, and though the name is now almost forgotten in 
Chippenbam, there are those who can remember the old house of Sambourne 
farm which, when the railway was constructed, had to make way for the 
great embankment between the station and the village of Lowden. The 
farm land extended into the district called Foghamshire, and has since 
become the property of various owners. 

2 Receiver of the King's " composition money ". See Records of 
(Jhippenham, p. 324. 

D 



34 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



wife by John Baylieff (wife's name Magdalen) and William Baylieff. 
Also, except such "advantage as may accrue by reason ot a Recognizance 1 
of ,2,000 acknowledged by Thomas Mompesson to Sir George Kings- 
mill and others to use of Sir John Thorneburgh by reason of any extent 
or assignment of same." 

John Stratton to hold Thomas Mompesson's bond of ^"500 to 
William Bayliffe. 

Finally, in 1621, Edward Barrett, son and heir of Nicholas Barrett, 
deceased, on payment of ^"600 to his uncle Richard Barrett (wife's name 
Edith) was put in possession of Cottrell's, &c., &c., Constance 
Mompesson's "release of dower," for which she received 100 marks, 
closing the transaction. 

The further steps by which Cottrell's at last came into the posses- 
sion of William Alexander may be briefly stated as follows: In 1627 
Edward Barrett'sold it to John Wells; in 1654 it passed to Henry Grail, 
of Malmesbury, gent., who charged some part of the property with a 
rent of 10 a year for apprenticing poor children of Malmesbury, and in 
1687 William Alexander purchased Cottrell's of Thomas Davys, gent., of 
the Bourne, Stroud, Gloucester, grandson and heir-at-law of Henry 
Grayle. 

(To be continued}. 

M. E. LIGHT. 



1 Three long deeds with dates 1612-13 are concerning this " Recog- 
nizance in the nature of a Statute Staple " and introduce a host of names, 
some of note and others only interesting in Somerford Annals. They 
relate that on Nov. 20th, 1596, Thomas Mompesson, of Gorton ah. Cortington, 
before Sir John Popham, then Lord Chief Justice of Court of Pleas, became 
bound in the sum of 2,000 to Sir George Kingsmill, knt., late Justice of 
Court of Common Pleas by the name of George Kingsmill, esq., serjeant-at-law, 
and to Sir Edward Cooke (Coke), knt., Lord Chief Justice, by the name of 
Edward Cooke, esq., then attorney General, and to Nicholas ffarrer, of 
London, merchant; which recognizance was upon trust to the use of Sir 
John Thorneburgh, knt., of Leckford, co. Southampton. " Sythence which 
time " Sir George Kingsmill had died and the recognizance had become 
forfeited, whereupon the other two trustees had " sued out execution," the 
manors of Calne, Witchampton, Somerford Magna and Cheesegrove, als. 
Chixgrove, being " extended and taken in extent," said extent being in due 
course set over to Thomas Atkins of Chippenham (bayliffe of the borough in 
1603) and John Baylieff of the Middle Temple, esq.. whereupon John Mayo's 
house in Broad Somerford was entered on March 8th, 1612, by William 
Toope, gent., of Corton, as by virtue of Sir Edward Coke's letter of attorney, 
and the new trustees were placed in possession. Other trustees in respect 
of the Hoskyns leases, for benefit of William Yewe, clothier, and Aldelm 



The Families of Batt and Byley. 35 



THE ENGLISH ANCESTRY OF THE FAMILIES OF 

BATT AND BYLEY, OF SALISBURY, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

(Continued from Vol. II, p. 583.^) 

(2.) THOMAS BATT. In September 1658, tour months 
after the date of Richard Batt's will, Henry Grubb, mayor, 
leased to Thomas Batte, weaver, for 40 years, at a yearly rent 
of 45. a tenement and garden in the Old Port [St. Mary's parish] 
the boundaries being thus described : a tenement of Matthew 
Page, gent, south tenement of Mayor, &c., north abutting 
on the town ditch called " Lulle Diche " east king's highway 
west. Witnesses, Henry Grubb, Henry Morris, Anthony Cley, 
John Willes and others. 

(3.) JOHN BATT. Son of Richard Batt (i) by Agnes 
Whittocke. He was legatee of property in Devizes and 
Westbury by will of his father. In 1591, as John Batte of 
Devizes, clothman, he obtained a lease for 60 years from 
William Brunker, of Earlstoke, John Drew, of Southbroom, 
and others, feofees of St. Mary's Church lands, of a tenement 
and garden in the Old Port was Mayor of Devizes, 
1595 and sold lands in or near Westbury to James Ley, Earl 
of Marlborough, who died seised thereof i4th March, 1629. 
Inq. post mortem. His burial is thus recorded in St. John's 
parish register 

1600, March, " Mr. John Bat ye 27 daye." 



Comlye, yeoman, were Roger Warre, of the Middle Temple, Richard Atkins 
of Sutton Benger, and Adam Tuck als. Pedington, of Clack. By another 
indenture, John Bayliffe was to hold all such lands in the deed of extent as 
were of the inheritance of Hugh Barrett and others till the 2,000 should be 
raised. Any fine or composition for such lands to be paid at Leckford by 

William Bayliffe. 

D 2 



36 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

His Will, dated 23 March 1599, is as follows 

WILL OF JOHN BATT, OF DEVIZES, P.C.C. (Wallopp 2ij. 

John Batt, of the Devizes, co. Wilts., sicke. Dated 23 March, 1599 
[42 Elizabeth]. To be buried in church of St. John Baptist. To sonn 
Richard Batt lease in Westburie, called Chalcott. To daughter Margaret 
^"20 and 30 shillings a year for life and a bedd. To daughter Elianor 
20. To brother Tucker four nobles yearelie out of house where Alex- 
ander Webb nowe dwelleth. To daughter Christiball 20 at age of 26 
yeares. To daughter Elizabeth 10 at marriage and other 10 at age of 26. 
To godsone Samuel Kente 1 a yewe and lambe. To Marie Batt 10 sheepe. 
To son John Batt house in Devizes where Alexander Webb dwelleth, and 
other houses in Devizes and in Westburie, and 20 ewes and lambs. To 
repairs of Almshouses in Devizes 409. To daughter Margaret after 
decease of her mother, my silver bolle and a cowe. To daughter Ellinor 
a little silver goblett. To Thomas Eire, his sone, house in devizes where 
Pavey dwelleth, after decease of my wife. To son John Batt ictf. 
yearely, while sonn Richard shall enjoye lands, &c., wherein Hedges now 
dwelleth. Wife Elizabeth and son Richard residuary legatees and 
executors. Robert Drewe, gent., 2 and John Kente, gent., 3 overseers. 



1 Samuel, third son of John Kent, Esq., baptised at St. John's, Devizes, 
18th Dec., 1591. See subsequent note. 

2 Robert Drewe, of Southbroom, esq., born 1574, died 1644. He married 
Jane 2nd daughter of John Jackman, citizen and grocer of London, son and 
heir of Edward Jackman, alderman and sheriff, who died 1596. In the 
Wilts Visitation she is wrongly described as " Jane, daughter of Alderman 
Jackman, of London." 

There seems to have been a relationship between the Batt and Drew 
families. Samuel Batt, rector of East Coulston, Wilts, in his will dated 
1684, gives to his son Samuel 5 over and above 20 given him by his aunt 
Drew ; and to his own wife, Mary, "land called Belle Inne, in South Broome 
in Bishop's Cannings." The wife Mary, by Will 1689, gives to the same son, 
Samuel, 20 at the age of 21, on condition that he convey all his right " to 
my messuage and Inne in the Devize Greene," now in possession of William 
Hiscocke, to said Hiscock. Wills. Peculiar of Sub Dean of Sarum. 

3 John Kent, son of Roger Kent, of Copenhall, co. Chester. See Heralds' 
Visitation. He settled in Devizes, was successively Mayor, Town Clerk and 
M.P. for the Borough. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas Wyatt, of 
Calne, and built the house No. 16, Market Place, Devizes, on one of the 
gables of the west front of which are the initials " I ,, K " John and Mary 

Kent and date "1619." He died 1st Oct., 1630, aged 72, and his Monu- 
mental Brass, with effigies of himself and wife, is still to be seen in St. John's 
Church, where he was buried, 



The Families of Batt and By ley. 37 

I owe brother Tucker ^"10. Father-in-lawe oweth me 10. Sundry 
small debts, &c. Proved 23 April, 1600, by Richard Goodall, Not. Pub., 
Attorney for executors. 

His wife Elizabeth (ne'e Elizabeth Tucker ?) survived him, 
and the following entry in St. John's register seems to record 
her burial : 

1603, Dec. 20, Mres. Bat. 

(4.) RICHARD BATT, of St. John's, Devizes, clothier, 
son of John Batt (3). Legatee of lands in Westbury, called 
Chalcott, by Will of his father. Churchwarden of St. John's, 
Devizes, 1605, in which year the older registers from 1556 
were " newelie ingrossed and written out " by John Davis, 
then Rector. Will dated 9 Nov., 1611. 

WILL OF RICHARD BATT, OF DEVIZES, P.C.C. (Capell 8). 

Richard Batt, of the devizes, co. Wilts, clothier. Dated 9 Nov. 
9 James I. To be buried in St. John's neere father and mother. To the 
church of o r Ladie at Salisbury \~2d. To church of St. John's 5^, and like 
sum to poor of the parish. To sons Richard, Henry, and Nicholas, each 
^"30 at age of 24. To daughter Mary ^30, and great brass pann. To 
sonn Henry sundry houses in Devizes. To sonn Richard house where 
I now dwell. To Thomas Wintersell 6. To brother John Batt ,5 for 
use of sister Christable, and to brother John 40.?. Wife Agnes residuary 
legatee and executrix. Friends Thomas Grubbe 1 and William Carr, 
gent, overseers. Witnesses, John Walker, Thomas Winter, ffraunces 
Reade, John Batte and William Car. Proved u Feb. 1612 by Executrix. 

In St. John's register we find the following entry of 
burial : 

1611, Mr. Richard Bat was buried the 13 November. 

(5.) JOHN BATT. Son of John Batt (3) and younger 
brother of Richard (4). He was baptized at St. John's, 12 Jan. 
1583, and in 1622. is described as " of St. Maries in the 
Devizes, Inholder, and a widower." On 25 May in this year 
he obtained a licence to marry, as a second wife, Elizabeth 
Lewen, of the neighbouring village of Rowde, widow at St. 

1 Thomas Grubbe, of Potterne, son of Henry Grubbe, M. P. for Devizes. 
See former note. He married Susan, daughter and heiress of John Hart, 
Alderman, of Bristol. 



38 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Mary's, Devizes. (Marriage Licences in Sarum Registry.) At 
the Heralds' Visitation of Wilts in 1623, John Batt was one of 
the Master Wardens of the fraternity of Clothiers, Weavers, 
and Drapers of Devizes. His will has not been found. 

The following extracts from the registers of St. John's 
parish refer mostly to this and the suceeding generation : 
Baptisms. 1563 Dec., Bridget Bat the 5 daye. 
1568 Jone Bat the 14 of ffeb. 
1574 May, Margaret Bat the 8 daye. 

July, Steven Bat the 4 day. 
1576 March, Elnor Bat the loday. 
1580 William Batt and Christabell White 1 the 25 

day of December. 
1583 John Batt, ye 12 of Januarie. 
1587 Dec., Elizabeth Bat the 10 daye. 
1594 Richard (sic), the 8 day of Octob r . 
1596 Jan., Henry Bat the 15 daye. 
1598 ffeb., Edward Batt the 11 daye. 

Marriages. 1590 Nov. 23, Thomas Heires [Eyers] and Jone Bat. 
1600 Sep. 22, ffrauncis Reade and Margaret Bat. 
1601 Oct. 14, Thomas Wintersall and Elnor Bat. 

(6.) RICHARD BATT. Of Devizes, yeoman, (baptized 
8 Oct. 1594 ?), eldest son of Richard (4). His Will is as 
follows : 
WILL OF RICHARD BATT, OF DEVIZES (Cons. Court of Sarum, file 14). 

Richard Batt, of the Burrough of Devizes, co. Wilts., yeoman. 
Dated 31 Oct., 1669. To wife Jane profitts of all lands and houses 
during the time my tenant Thomas Paradise have to come in his house, 
and after she shall enjoy the backer part of my house next the garden 
during her life. To cosen Joane Holloway ^20. To cosen John What- 
ley _2o and rent of tenement the widow Gardener liveth in during her 
life. To cosen Robert ffranklyn .20. To cosen John Bise 2 all my lands 



1 Apparently some mistake. The entry should perhaps have been 
" William White and Christabell Batt." Christabell, the daughter of John 
Batt, is mentioned in his will dated 1600. 

2 This bequest to "Cousin Bisse " seems quickly to have become 
matter for litigation. He died some twelve months after, and his son 
Thomas Bisse, of Westbnry under the Plain, co. Wilts, broadweaver, filed a 
Bill in Chancery, 30 June, 1671, setting forth that "Richard Batt, late of 
the Borough of Devizes, yeoman, by Will dated 31 Oct., 1669, gave to his 
cousin John Bisse, lands, <fcc., in the said borough said John died about 
November last, and your orator is his son and heir." 



The Families of Batt and By ley. 39 

and houses at South end of the town. To cosen Elizabeth Stratford, 
widow, 20. To cosen Samuel Batt 55. My wife Joan Batt res. legatee 
and sole executrix. My friends John ffreeme and Thomas Paradise to be 
overseers. Witnesses Elizabeth Paradise, Gilbert Cleeue and John 
ffreeme. 

Inventory taken 8 Nov., 1669, by John ffrene, Thomas Paradise and 
George Slopen (Sloper?). Total 341 145. Proved 20 Nov , 1669, by 
executrix above named. 

He died without issue, and as no descendants are men- 
tioned in the will it is probable that his younger brother 
(7) NICHOLAS BATT, who had emigrated to America 
some thirty-five years previously, and settled at Newbury, 
Massachusetts, was at that time the only surviving male repre- 
sentative of the Devizes Batts. By his wife Lucy, whom he 
probably married in New England, he had three daughters 
Sarah Mary, married to Nathaniel Elithorp, of Ipswich, 
Mass. and Ann, married to John Webster, of Newbury, Mass. 
The Devizes emigrant lived to nearly or quite the age of four- 
score, surviving his elder brother, Richard, ten years and 
died on the 6th Dec., 1679 -his wife having predeceased him 
on 26 January in the same year. 



DUGDALE OF SEEND. 



From a Deed, now in possession of Mr. Coleman, of 
Tottenham, we learn that Christopher Dugdale, of Coulston, 




and Clerk of the same place, purchased for 80 the lands 
mentioned in the Indenture printed in vol. i., p. 194, from 
Henry Brouncker, of Melksham, son of Sir William Brouncker, 



40 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

knt., 1 deceased ; it is dated 28th June, 1597 ; signed and sealed 
(the seal is lost) in the presence of Willm. Aubrey, Bartholomewe 
Cromwell, ffrauncis Bower, and Thomas fflower. The deed 
itself is signed by Henry Brouncker alone. 

The Memorandum of enrolment is signed by James Ley, 
Esq., J.P. (is this the future Earl of Marlborough ?), in 





presence of Samuel Apleford, Esq., Clerk of the Peace, on the 
29th of July, 1597. 

The Memorandum that Christopher Dugdale entered 
upon these lands, 26th of October, 1598, is witnessed by, 
amongst others, William Goodyere, Clerk. 



WILL OF JONATHAN CHILD, WILTS. 



In searching for wills of the Child and Estcourt family I 
found the following unexpected conjunction of the two names 
in the will of Jonathan Child, Wilts (144 Buckingham), which, 
short and without preamble just as it is given here, seems to 
tell its own story : 

" To Mrs. Beata Estcourt, executrix, all my stock of hay and corne 
and all live cattle, and my watch and three rings. To cousins John and 
Edward Hill and cousin Sarah Stafford 4/. each. Daniel Chelshire, of 



1 See Vol. ii., p. 486, where Q. urges that the fact that in the Visita- 
tions, Edward Long, of Monkton, is not described as a knight is a proof 
that he was not one ; here, in a legal document, Brouncker is called a 
knight, but he is not so called in the printed Visitations of Wilts, 1565, and 
1623. Perhaps some of our readers can tell us whether he is so described in 
the original Visitations in possession of the College of Arms. 



Will of Jonathan Child, Wilts. 41 



Rodbourne, 10 guineas. Thos. Talboys this best gray suite of cloaths 
with frosted buttons. Feb. 2nd, 1720, the above was wrote by direction 
of Mr. Jonathan Child, and read to him, and he was asked if he would 
give any other legacies, and he declared he would not give any more 
from Mrs. Estcourt. Witnesses, John Cove, Henry Smith." 

M. E. LIGHT. 



From the London Gazette, from Thursday, Sept. 22 to 
Saturday, Sept. 24, 1709. [Printed by J. Tonson at Grays-Inn 
Gate.] 

"Whereas Henry Bishop of the Borough of Devizes in 
Wiltshire, being, for a notorious riot, committed to the Prison 
of the said Borough ; two persons in Vizards, did on the night 
between the third and fourth of August last, assault the watch 
near the said Prison, break open the Prison Door, and rescue 
the Prisoner ; her Majesty does hereby strictly charge and 
command all persons who shall have any knowledge who the 
two men in Vizards were (as they will answer the contrary at 
their utmost peril) to discover the same to one of her Majesty's 
Secretaries of State, or to the Mayor and Bailiffs of the said 
Town, to the end the said Offenders may be prosecuted accord- 
ing to Law, and brought to condign Punishment. And as an 
Encouragement to such Discovery, her Majesty has ordered 
a Reward of 2o/. to be paid by the Sheriff of the County 
of Wilts, who is hereby required to pay the same to 
any Person or Persons that shall make such Discovery, for one 
or both of the Offenders by him or them discovered, so as he 
or they may be apprehended, in order to be proceeded against 
according to Law. SUNDERLAND." 



42 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



(Queries. 



Waylen Book-plates. Can anyone inform me whether 
the late Mr. James Waylen designed any other Book-plates 
besides that of the late Rev. E. Wilton, of West Lavington ? 
Can anyone supply me with the names of any other Book-plate 
designers and engravers of Wiltshire origin ? 

EDITOR. 



The Missing Register of Addison's Baptism, Where 

is it? The village of Milston, near Amesbury, claims the 
distinction of having been the birthplace of the Rt. Hon. 
Joseph Addison, sometime Secretary of State, whose name is 
justly celebrated in the annals of English literature. He was 
the son of the Rev. Lancelot Addison, who became Vicar of 
Hilmarton in 1662, on the presentation of the King, and in 
1670 was also presented by Frederick Hyde, knt., Serjeant-at- 
law, to the Rectory of Milston. He resigned the former living 
in 1680, and died about the year I703. 1 

His son Joseph was born at the Rectory, at Milston, on 
ist May, 1672. Dr. Johnson says that appearing unlikely to 
live he was christened on the day of his birth. The baptism 
was duly entered in the Parish Register at the time, but has 
since been cut out, and is still missing. 

The late Mr. Charles E. Rendall, who was lord of the 
manor of Milston, told me, many years ago, that he well 



1 He was apparently the author of the following works : " West 
Barbary, or a short Narrative of the Revolutions of the Kingdoms of Fez 
and Morocco, with an Account of the present Customs, Sacred, Civil, and 
Domestick, by Lancelot Addison." Oxford, 1671, 8vo. Also " An Introduc- 
tion to the Sacrament, or a Short and Plain and Safe Way to the 
Communion Table, by L. Addison, D.D." 1686, 12mo. 



Register of Addisoris Baptism. 43 

remembered the entry in the Parish Register, and that he saw 
it there for the last time in 1816. Soon afterwards it disap- 
peared, as well as some small fragments of stained glass from 
the Church windows, and it was found that both had been 
given by the then Rector of Milston to Mr. Charles Bowles, 
of Shaftesbury, the historian of the Hundred of Chalke, as 
objects of antiquarian interest. 

Mr. Bowles dying, an application was afterwards made to 
his representatives for a return to the parish of the missing 
register if it should be found among his papers ; but this 
meeting with an uncourteous reply the matter dropped. 

This occurred just at the time of a Coursing Meeting at 
Amesbury, at which Charles Dickens happened to be present, 
who, breakfasting with Mr. Rendall, and hearing his relation 
of the matter, is said to have reproduced it in one of his Works 
under the title of "The Missing Register." 

As the cutting from the Register may still remain 
undestroyed, and its owner, on knowing its history, may be 
glad to restore it again to the book from which it was taken 
in 1816, it is, I think, well thus to record its loss in the pages 

of W. N. & Q. 

E. K. 

The following is from The Times, June 25th, 1898: 

ART SALE. Messrs. Christie, Manson, and Woods sold 
yesterday a small collection of interesting objects and old 
English furniture from Bilton-hall, Rugby, formerly the resi- 
dence of Joseph Addison, and property from other sources. 
The Addison articles included an octagonal snuff-box, of silver 
and mother-o'-pearl, containing an oval miniature in oils of 
Joseph Addison when a young man ^io(Colnaghi and Co.); 
a miniature portrait of Joseph Addison, in blue coat and full- 
bottomed wig, by Zincke 30 guineas (Ushant ) ; an old 
English walnutwood arm-chair, arms carved with scroll foliage 
21 guineas (James) ; an old English bench, boldly carved 
with scroll foliage 26 guineas (Eyles) ; a panel of old English 



44 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

needlework, representing a stag hunt 20 (Grose) ; an old 
inlaid walnutwood cabinet, carved with Moses with the Tables 
of the Law, Spin, by poin. 44 guineas (Simpson) ; and a pair 
of Chippendale mahogany folding card tables 32 guineas 
(James). 



Westbury Cup -Colonel Wanklyn. The only mention 
of this Cup in Nightingale's Church Plate of the County of 
Wilts is an extract from Hoare's Hundred of Westbury. On 
the 27th of June last year it was sold at Messrs. Christie, 
Manson and Woods' Auction Rooms for ^69 175. 6d., being 
at the rate of 555. per oz., and is thus described: "Lot 78. 
A silver-gilt standing Cup and Cover, in the form of an acorn ; 
i of in. high, London hall-mark, 1589. Engraved, Given to the 
Church of Westbury by Collonel Wancklen and Mary Contes of 
Marlbrou, 1671. It was sold by the Churchwardens of 
Westbury, Wilts, in 1848. Colonel Wancklen was a Cavalier 
officer in the wars of Charles I's time. He afterwards 
became steward to the Earl of Marl borough, and after the 
Earl's death married the widow. Vide History of Wiltshire, 
and Cokayne's Complete Peerage. This Cup is noticed in 
Nightingale's Wiltshire Chalices." 

When, to whom, and at what price was it first sold, and what 
is its history ? Its sale is not mentioned in the Westbury 
Churchwardens' Books, nor is it referred to in the Memoir of 
Mr. Brown, Vicar at the above date, who is said to have sold 
it to procure new Communion plate ; in whose possession is 
it now ? 

Further information as to Colonel Wanklyn would be 
acceptable. 

A. J. S. 

[G. E. C, in his Complete Peerage, calls Thomas Wanklyn 
son of " a Smith," and in a note refers to " Anthony a Wood's 
Life " for an account of this marriage, etc. ED.] 



Jones of Keevil. 45 



Jones of Keevil. Can any of your readers give me 
information respecting this family, additional to that contained 
in the review in vol. ii., p. 445 ? What was their connexion 
with the Seftons of Edington, and with the Founder of 
Broadgates Hall ? Contemporary Jones wills those I have 
seen at any rate do not mention the Seftons. 

WALTER JONES. 
Wendy Rectory, 

Royston. 



Replied. 



Turpin's Stone. Boulter (vol. ii, p. 585). Some account 
of Boulter will be found in The Highwaymen of Wiltshire, 
with notes of Goldwell and other matters, by N. B. Randle, 
Market Place, Devizes. Robber's Stone is not, I think, 
connected with Dick Turpin. 

C. P. 



Ellis of Wilts (vol. ii, pp. 436, 484). Looking through 
the first book of the Mere Registers, I have found the follow- 
ing entries : 

CHRISTENINGS. 

1676. John Ellis, the son of Thomas Ellis, November 
the Qth. 

1678. Jean Ellis, the daughter of Thomas Ellis, Decem- 

ber the 26th. 

1679. An Ellis, the daughter of Thomas Ellis, ffebruary 

the 6th. 

1 68 1. Thomas Ellis, the son of Thomas Ellis, ffebruary 
the 26. 



46 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1683. Jeane Ellis, the daughter of Thomas Ellis, Decem- 

ber the 23. 

1685. Mary, the daughter of Thomas Ellis, July the ipth. 
1687. Richard, the son of Thomas Ellis, December the 

26. 
1689. Christopher, the son of Thomas Ellis, March 

the 3. 

WEDDINGS. 

1675. Thomas Ellis & Jeane ffisher, married January 

the 24th. 
1657. Richard Pitman and Eddith Ellish, of 

was published three lord daies, May y e io th , i7 th , 

24 th . Richard Pitman and Eddith Ellish was 

married the 12 th of June. 

BURIALLS. 
1631. Thomas Ellis, of the parish of Gillingham, y e xxvij 

of November. 

1638. John Ellis, January. 
1678. Jeane Ellis, y e daughter of Thomas Ellis, January 

the 1 6th. 

1684. Jeane Ellis, the daughter of Thomas Ellis, October 

the first. 

In the Churchwardens' Accounts for 1632 is the following 
entry : 

"To Mr. Poore the Corroner for that the bodie of Thomas 
Ellis received of us such holie rites as did not belong unto 
him before the Corroner had viewed him ffor w ch offence the 
Corroner would have laied a great ffine uppon the Towneshipp 
if we had not agreed w th him and gave him vjs. viij<^." 

And in 1633, "To Thomas Cowley for moneys laied 
out to the Crowner about the body of Thomas Ellis, 
Cooper, and one Thomas Dally more, both of the p'ish } xijs. 
of Gillingham, whoe tooke their Deathes within this 
p'ish." 

THOS. H. BAKER. 



Dauntsey Arms. 47 



Dauntsey Arms (vol. ii, p. 537). As architect for the new 
college at West Lavington, it fell to me to design the achieve- 
ment of William Dauntsey, the founder of the charity, which 
is placed over the doorway, and I took some pains to ascertain 
the arms borne by him. 

As Mr. Kite says (Wilts Brasses, p. 82) the Dauntsey 
Arms vary very considerably, and in a letter to me he stated 
that he had never met with any coat known actually to have 
been borne by William Dauntsey himself. 

The arms of the Dauntseys of West Lavington, as given 
in the Heralds' Visitation of Wilts, 1623, are a lion rampant 
chasing a wyvern. The arms borne by John Dauntsey, nephew 
of William (and who died in 1559), as painted on a piece of 
glass found near Deptford Inn, near Wylye, are given by 
Mr. Kite as party per pale, or and argent, three bars dancctty gules. 

The shield on the monument of Joan Dewale in Dauntsey 
Church (the heiress of Sir Walter Dauntsey, Kt, whose will 
is dated 26th August, 1420) has three bars nebuly. Canon 
Jackson says (Aubrey, p. 297, note}, that the North Wilts 
Dauntseys used three bars nebuly, and the South Wilts branch 
dancetty, but the Sir Walter referred to above held property in 
both (Dauntsey and Winterbourne Dauntsey). 

In the window of Mercers' Hall, London, the arms intended 
for Alderman Wm. Dauntsey's are portrayed as two bars 
dancetty gules, within a bordurc argent and gules. 

The shields on the benches at West Lavington Church 
bearing the lion rampant chasing a wyvern, cited by Wiltoniensis, 
were only set up in 1847, by the Rev. E. Wilton, who at the 
time was not aware that any other arms had been used by the 
Dauntseys, and therefore cannot be considered as a precedent. 

In the face of the many changes which have taken place 
in the arms of the family, I applied to the College of Arms for 
information as to the arms (if any) granted to Alderman 
William Dauntsey, and the following letter from the Richmond 
Herald is my authority for the shield set over the entrance to 
the new Agricultural College at Lavington : 



48 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

" College of Arms, 

" Queen Victoria Street, E.G., 

"4th February, 1895. 

"DEAR SIR, The Armorial Bearings recorded in the books of this 
office to Alderman William Dauntsey, who was Sheriff of London, 1530, 
and who died in 1543, are Per pale or and gules two bars ncbuly 
counter-changed. 

" I am, dear Sir, yours faithfully, 

" (Signed) CHARLES H. ATHILL, 

" Richmond Herald." 

CHAS. E. PONTING, F.S.A. 



Wiltshire Society (vol. i, p. 521). It would appear that 
the date of this Society is 1654, not after the restoration of 
Charles II, for the title page of a pamphlet having reference to 
a meeting of this kind in the first year of. Cromwell's Pro- 
tectorate is as follows : " The first dish at this Wiltshire 
Feast, 9 November 1654, Or, a Sermon preached at Laurence 
Jury to those that there offered their peace-offerings, and went 
thence to dine at Marchant Taylors' Hall. By Samuel 
Annesley, LL.D., minister of the Gospel at John Evangelist's, 
London. Printed for Nathaniel Webb and William Grantham, 
at the Black Bear in Paul's Churchyard, 1655." 

The text, from I. Chron. xii, 32, describing the children of 
Issacher as men who had understanding of the times and knew 
what Israel ought to do, Mr. Annesley adopts as applicable to 
the Gentlemen of Wilts "who had the honour to give the 
nation a precedent " in these county gatherings. 

The above is taken from a manuscript of the late Mr. 
James Waylen, who, amongst the pamphlets bequeathed to our 
County Archaeological Society, left a very rare copy of a 
sermon, preached at St. Paul's before the Gentlemen of Wilts, 
Nov. 10, 1658, it being the day of their yearly feast, by 
Thomas Pierce, Rector of Brington. 

W. C. 




COWARD BAYNARO Esq. 

( DIED 1575 ) 

IN L'ACOCK CHURCH- 






Jtotes antj items* 



JUNE, 1899- 



OLD LACKHAM HOUSE AND ITS OWNERS. 

(Continued from p. 6.) 




IR JOHN BLUET had, with the Abbess of Lacock, 
the alternate right of presentation to the rectory 
there, which right he gave to the Abbey. His tomb 
was in the Lady Chapel of the Abbey Church, where 
an obit was celebrated until the Dissolution. See 
Valor Ecclesiasticus. , 

In the Nomina Villarum, compiled 9th Edward II (1316), 
we find other names of Bluet as owners of property in Wilts :* 



1 A Devizes deed, dated 26 Henry VI (1447-8), also mentions " Bluette's 
Court," in Southbroom. This document came into the hands of the writer 
with some leases relating to the Drevve family, from which it may perhaps be 
inferred that " Bluette's Court " afterwards passed to Drewe and became 
part of the Southbroom property. 

By this deed Alice, daughter and co-heir of John Gilbert, sen., late of 
Southbrome, near Devizes, deceased, quit-claimed to Richard Gilbert, 
Margaret his wife, and their heirs, her right and claim of and in the whole 

E 



50 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Kingsbridge . . . . . . j Will'us et Johannes 

Elyngdon, in parish of Wroughton \ Bluet. 

Littlecote, near Hilmarton . . Radulfus Bluet. 

From an Inquisition taken 1347-8 on the death of Alianora, 
wife of John Bluet, it appears that she was seised of Silches- 
ter manor, co. Hants, of the manors of Lacham and Hilmarton, 
with Chippenham forest, 1 co. Wilts, and lands in Berks and 
Essex ; also of fees in Gataker (now Goatacre), Cherloweswyk 
(now Wick Farm, 2 in Lacock), and Natton (now Notton). 
Inq. post mortem, 22 Edw. Ill, No. 30. 

Leland, in his brief notes on the descent of Silchester, 
mentions Peter de Cusance 3 as owner there, in right of his 



of that court called Bluette's Court, with its appurtenances, in Southbrome, 
in the Hundred of Canynges Episcopi, between a tenement late of Henry 
Clakke on one part, and a tenement late of Henry Webbe and the King's 
highway on the other. Witnesses: John Coventre, sen., of Devyzes afore- 
said, Thomas Coventre, John Spycer, John ffauconer, Thomas Haukyn', 
Peter Dayster, William Rede, and many others. Broken seal of red wax 
(circular), with shield bearing apparently a chevron, and part of marginal 
legend illegible. 

Three cottages, called Blewitt's, with land in Southbroom, were leased 
by William Page, of Devizes, in 1545. 

1 Probably the assart lands (i.e., lands reclaimed from a forest or 
waste, and cultivated) in Pewisham forest, mentioned in later Inquisitions 
post mortem of the Baynards. 

2 The name of Richard de Wyck occurs in one of the early deeds above 
quoted. In some interesting notes on the pedigree of Croke and Bonham, 
later owners of Wick Farm (Wilts N. and Q., vol. ii, p. 311), Mr. Talbot, 
its present owner, identifies this property with a second manor at Lacock, 
mentioned in Domesday, as having been held by Carlo in the time of 
Edward the Confessor. An accompanying illustration of the old dovecote 
at Wick, from a well-executed drawing by Mr. Alexander, also faces page 
303. 

3 William de Cusancia, knt., was seized, 19 Edw. Ill [1344-5], of the 
manors of Wyke, Dounamney and Kynemaresforde, in co. Gloucester. Inq. 
post mortem. The same name occurs in the Inq. post mortem of Thomas de 
Holand, Earl of Kent, and his wife Alesia, 20 Rich. II [1396], as holder of 
a fee at Temple Button, co. Essex. A Gerald de Cuzance was presented to 
Rectory of Hilperton in 1299. Wilts Institutions. 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 




wife. 1 He also appears at 
Lackham in 1352, and the 
arms of BLUET and 
CUSANCE the latter Sable, 
a bend lozengy argent were 
afterwards quartered by the 
Baynard family as their repre- 
sentatives. The accompany- 
ing sketch of the Baynard 2 
shield, as tricked by John 
Withie (Harletan MS. No. 
1443), includes also thequar- 
terings of UFFORD alias 
WILLOUGHBYandBEKE, 
with the Baynard crest 
a demi-unicorn rampant 
and motto " VIVE UT 
VIVAS." 

In 1346 the name of 
John de Peyton occurs as an 
intermediate occupier be- 
tween Bluet and Cusance. 



1 Bishop Gibson, in his edition of Camden's Britannia, published 1695, 
thus describes three shields of arms seen by him in the windows of 
Silchester Church : 

" In a small church of modern building (Silchester) I searched for 
ancient inscriptions. I found nothing but some coats of arms in the 
windows, viz., in a field sable, seven fusils argent bendwise ; as also, in a 
field sable,afesse between two chevrons or, and in a field or, an eagle displayed 
with two heads gules. I find these last to be the arms of the Blewets, to 
whom this estate came after the time of William the Conqueror ; the 
second are the arms of the noble family of Bainard, of Leckham ; and the 
first is the coat of the family of Cusanz, by whom this estate pass'd 
hereditarily from the Blewets to the Bainards." 

2 In a paper entitled " Notes on the Walpoles," which appeared in the 
Genealogical Magazine for May, 1899, the writer suggests that the Baynards 
probably derived their arms a fess between two chevrons from the Fitz 
Walters, under whom they appear to have held at an early date the 
bearing itself being derived in turn from the three well-known chevrons of 
De Clare. 

E 2 



52 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

In that year he obtained a licence from Robert Wyvil, Bishop 
of Salisbury, to hear divine service in his house at Lackham. 1 

About the year 1349 Edmund Baynard, of an Essex 
family, seated at Dunmow, married Elinor, daughter and 
heiress of Sir John Bluet, 2 and their descendants in the male 
line continued for ten successive generations owners of 
Lackham and the other estates of the Bluets. He obtained a 
grant from Edward III, for himself and his heirs, of the right of 
hunting in the neighbouring forest of Pewisham, 3 with power 
to kill and carry away either stag or fallow deer, as also to 
command the King's keepers to assist in the chase after the 
deer was wounded by cross-bow, &c., notice being given to 
the lodge* by winding a horn, &c." The exact date of his 
death has not been ascertained, but his son and heir, 

Philip Baynard presented to the Chapel of Lackham, as 
lord of the manor, in 1410. His will, in the Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury (32 Marche), was proved in 1415. From an 
Inquisition post mortem taken in the same year, it appears that 
he died seised of Lacham manor and advowson of Chapel, 
held as of the manor of Hampsted Marshall, a moiety of the 
manor of Silchester, under the same tenure, Hilmarton manor, 



1 A similar licence was granted by Bishop Wyvil, in the same year, to 
Galfridus le Eyr, at Bromham. 

2 Sir John probably had several daughters, on the death of one of 
whom, without issue, the property passed to the other, and eventually came 
to Baynard and his heirs. This would account for the temporary ownership, 
through marriage, of Cusance, and also perhaps for that of Peyton. 

3 See Britton's Beauties of Wiltshire, iii, p. 247, where the name is 
printed Edward Baynard. Aubrey, writing 1659-70, gives a somewhat 
different version, but apparently from hearsay. " There is a report," he 
says, " that if the king should happen to kill a deer in the forest, so near to 
the river Avon that one might throw a home, the lord of Lackham, by 
custome, could challenge it for his own, which Sir Robert Baynard did in 
King James' time, and alleged his graunt for it from a King query his 
name." " my soule," said King James, " he was a wise king that made 
such a graunt." Wilts Collections, p. 95. 

1 Mr. Britton mentions two buildings, on the banks of the river Avon, 
opposite to Lackham, known as the Great and Little Lodge ; formerly 
lodges in Pewisham forest. 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 53 

and assart lands in the forests of Pewisham and Pambere, 
the latter in co. Hants. 

Robert Baynard, his son and heir, by a deed now in the 
British Museum (Add. Charter, No. 1534), dated 9 Hen. VI 
(1430), enfeoffed his manor of Lackham, with his appurtenances, 
to William Brocas, John Swetcok, clerk, and John Benger, on 
condition that they should, when required, re-enfeof the same 
to the said Robert, Jocosa his wife, and their heirs male ; and 
if it happen the said Robert to die without an heir male, then 
the manor of Lackham to remain to his own right heirs for 
ever : 

" Per istam indentur' factam apud Lach'm in com' Wiltes die Jovis 
prox' ante festu' apostolor' Simon & Jude anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
nono testat' quod licet Rob'us Baynard p' cartam suam feoffamenti dedit 
& concessit Will'o Brocas Joh'i Swetcok cl'ico & Joh'i Benger manerium 
suum de lacham cum p'ti'n p'nt in quadam carta inde consecta plenius 
continet sub tali condicione tamen quod predicta Will'm's Joh'es & 
Joh'es Benger refeoffabunt aut unus eorum refeoffabit p'fat' Robertum 
& Jocosam uxorem suam & hered' mascul' p'dictu' Roberto quando 
cunque requisit fu'int aut unus eorum requisit fuit p' p'fat' Robertum & 
Jocosam uxorem suam. Et si contingat p'dictum Robertum sine herede 
masculo de corpore suo legitime procreat' obiere tune predictum 
manerium cum omnibus suis pertin' remanebit rectis heredibus predicti 
Roberti in perpetuum. In cujus rei testimonium p'tes p'dicte sigill' sua 
alternatu' apposuer'. Dat die loco & anno sup'dict'." (Circular seal of 
red wax, broken, with arms of Bluet, and part of marginal inscription 
in black letter" ne . rofaertu . tmgna . .") 

The inquisition taken on the decease of this Robert, and 
his wife Jocosa, is dated 16 Hen. VI (1437). His property 
included Lackham manor ; a moiety of the manor of Silchester, 
with advowson of the church ; and assart lands within the 
forest of Pewisham. 

The south transept of the parish church of Lacock appears 
to have been used for many ages by the owners of Lackham 
as a place of burial, 1 and some of their funeral achievements 
and penons were hanging there when the church was visited 
by Dingley in 1684. In his History from Marble, vol. ii, p. 

1 Aubrey, Wilts Collections, p. 93, calls it " Baynard's Aisle." 



54 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

cccccxiii, he gives a drawing of an altar tomb of which no 
visible portion now remains. He describes it as standing 
"against y e south wall of the south cross isle," the inscription 
on the verge cutt in stone : 

SEQUERE . IVSTITIA' . ET . INVENIES . EAM . AVDI . ALTERA' . PARTE'. 
In the front, in three compartments, as many shields, with 
these arms : 

i. A fess between two chevrons BAYNARD ; impaling a chevron 
engrailed between three fleurs-de-lis BROWN. 

2. Quarterly, i and 4 BROWN ; 2 and 3 a chevron between three 
pears pendant STEWKLEY. 

3. An eagle with two heads displayed BLUET ; impaling BROWN. 

At the end of the tomb, in another compartment, is a shield 
with the arms of BAYNARD, quartering BLUET, and two unicorns 
as supporters. 1 

The late Mr. John Gough Nichols, F.S.A., the able editor 
of Dingley's manuscript, ascribes this tomb to Philip Baynard, 
but, from a careful comparison of its heraldry, as given by 
Dingley, with that still remaining on the wooden tablet to 
Edward Baynard (who died 1575), also in the south transept of 
Lacock Church, the present writer is rather inclined to believe 
that Robert Baynard, who died in 1437, and his wife Jocosa 
(Brown ?) were the individuals commemorated by this now 
missing tomb. 

Philip Baynard, the second of that name, appears to have 
inherited Lackham, as son and heir of Robert and Jocosa. 
His name occurs, 22 Hen. VI (1443), as witness to a deed 
relating to the manor of Easton Piers, in Kington St. Michael. 
(Wilts Collections, Aubrey and Jackson, p. 441). Six years later, 



1 Aubrey, Wilts Collections, p. 93, notices the same monument, but 
appears to have been much less successful than Dingley in deciphering its 
heraldry. He describes it as "a gothique altar monument of ... 
Bluett," without even noticing the principal coat of Baynard, with sup- 
porters at the end. It was probably seen by him in a hurry and by a bad 
light, for, in his notes on the Abbey, he writes, " Mem. Desire my brother 
William to visit this for me, for it was late when I was there, and could 
not stay." 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 55 

28 Hen. VI (1449-50), he filled the office of Sheriff of Wilts. 
From the heraldry on the later monument of Edward Baynard 
in Lacock Church, it appears that his wife belonged to the 
family of Abarow, whose arms, Azure, two swords in saltire 
between four fleurs-de-lis or, also appear quartered on the fine 
brass of John Webbe, A.D. 1570, in St. Thomas' Church, 
Salisbury, his mother having been an heiress of Abarow. 

Robert Baynard, son and heir of Philip, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John Ludlow, of the family of the name long 
seated at Hill Deverill. His arms BAYNARD and BLUET 
quarterly, impaling LUDLOW, Argent, a chevron between three 
marteris heads, erased sable were formerly in Corsham 
Church, in the north window of the Neston Chapel. x (Wilts 
Collections, p. 81.) In i Edw. IV (1461-2) he, with John 
Crycklade, Walter Samborne, and John Lane (probably as 
trustees) granted lands in Stokeley, Chittleworth, and Blake- 
lowe, co. Wilts, to Thomas Pucklechurch and his wife Agnes, 
also other lands in Ampney Crucis, co. Gloucester. The deed 
is dated at Ampney, two of the witnesses being Edmund 
Hungerford and Edward Stradling. 

His will is in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (3 
Blamyr). He died 26 August, 1501, and his fine brass in the 
pavement of the south transept of Lacock Church represents 
him bare-headed, with long hair reaching to the shoulders, and 
wearing over his suit of armour a tabard as worn by the 
Heralds, embroidered with the arms of BLUET and BAYNARD 
quarterly. His wife is also represented in an heraldic mantle 
reaching to the feet and bearing the arms of BAYNARD 
quartered with those of her own family LUDLOW. From 
the inscription (in Latin) we learn that he was "vir 



1 Aubrey says that this shield and two others were taken out of the 
window of Corsham Church in 1675, and placed in the great parlour 
windows of Neston House, by William Eyre, Esq., its then owner. From 
Neston they were afterwards removed again by Sir William Hanham to his 
house in Dorsetshire. 



56 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

egregius et legis peritus in armis bellicis multum strenuus 
dapifer precipuus inter primes pacis conservator diligentissi- 
mus" a distinguished man and skilled in the law, a very 
active soldier, an excellent housekeeper, and a zealous pro- 
moter of peace. In looking for a moment at the historical 
events of the time we find that his father's term of office 
as Sheriff of Wilts (1449-50) was marked by the breaking out 
of Jack Cade's insurrection, and the consequent murder of 
the Bishop of Salisbury (Ayscough), which took place at 
Edyngdon (a few miles from his own residence at Lackham) 
in June of the latter year. Next followed the wars of the 
Roses, in which his two near neighbours at Bromham the 
Lord St. Amand, and Sir Roger Tocotes taking part with 
the Duke of Buckingham against Richard III were both 
attainted, and sacrificed their estates. 1 In some of these 
struggles of his earlier days between the rival Yorkists and 
Lancastrians the lord of Lackham himself, as an active 
soldier, may also have been engaged. His advancing 
years, however, saw more peaceable times, and the accession 
of Henry VII in 1485, with the quiet which followed 
until his own death in 1501, must have given him an oppor- 
tunity of attending to the requirements of his numerous 
household, and to the dispensing of his hospitality among his 
neighbours as well as the more immediate dependants of his 
Wiltshire manor, justifying the words of his epitaph, which de- 
scribe him as " dapifer precipuus " an excellent house-keeper. 



1 Richard Beauchamp, of Bromham, son and heir of William Beau- 
champ, buried at Market Lavington in 1457, by Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
of Gerard Braybrooke, and heiress of the Barony of St. Amand, which had 
previously been in abeyance since the death of her great grandfather, 
Almeric de St. Amand, without male issue, in 1402. She married secondly 
Sir Roger Tocotes, of a Yorkshire family, whose fine altar tomb, with effigy, 
is still in the centre of the Lady Chapel at Bromham, where by his will, 
dated 1492, he desires to be buried. Both Sir Roger and his son-in-law, 
the Lord St. Amand, were among the " greate compaigny of noble menne " 
mentioned by Richard Grafton, in his continuation of Harding's Chronicle, 
who in 1496 went with Edward, Duke of Buckingham, to meet King Henry 
VII at Taunton, the latter being then in pursuit of Perkin Warbeck. 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 



57 



By Elizabeth Ludlow, " devotissimam uxorem " his most 
devoted wife, he appears to have had no less than eighteen 
children thirteen sons and five daughters, all of whom, in 
accordance with a singular custom often indulged in by the 
mediaeval engravers of monumental brasses, are represented 
of precisely the same height, 
excepting the eldest, who appears 
much taller than the rest, and 
wears the gypctere, or large 
external purse of the period, sus- 
pended from his girdle an ap- 
pendage which, together with his 
additional stature, may have been 
intended to denote his heirship. 

Of the whole of the effigies on 
this brass a drawing and descrip- 
tion, by the present writer, will 
be found in Wilts Archceological 
Magazine, vol. iv, and Wilts 
Brasses, plate xi, p. 39. That 
of the second son an ecclesiastic 
has, however, been reproduced 
here on a larger scale for the 
purpose of shewing a peculiarity 
in his costume, of which very few 
examples are to be met with. 
Instead of the hood and cape 

usually worn over the cassock ; a kind of short scarf is here 
thrown over the shoulders arid fastened, apparently by a 
button, to the front of one of them. 1 A rosary is also repre- 
sented hanging from the right side of the girdle. 

1 The late Kev. Herbert Raines, of Paddock House, Gloucester, in the 
second edition of his Manual of Brasses, 1861, the most valuable work on 
the subject hitherto published has noted ten instances only of the hood thus 
worn, in slightly varied forms, between the years 1500 and 1530 the Lacock 
example being the earliest. In one of them, at Northleach, co. Gloucester, 
the hood is represented fastened to the surplice instead of the cassock. 




58 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Some of the eighteen children may have died young. 
Three of them only are mentioned in the Heralds' Visitations 
of A.D. 1565 and 1623, viz. : Philip the eldest, a younger son 
George, and a daughter Jane, married to William Temmes, 
of Rood Ashton, to which family also belonged Johanna 
Temmes, the last Abbess of Lacock a preferment which she 
might have owed to this connexion through marriage with 
the Lackham family. To these three we may perhaps add 
Richard, a Winchester scholar, admitted 1479; William, who 
was M.P. for Hindon 1491-2; and Henry, to whom Sir 
Edward Hungerford, 1 in 1520, confirmed land in .Sheldon, 
near Chippenham. The will of Henry Baynarde, gent., 
Lacock, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 
in 1551 (F. 35 Bucke). There is also in the same office the 
will of Elizabeth Baynard, Chippenham, proved in 1540 (F. 
15 Allenger). 

Philip Baynard, the third of that name, and next heir of 
Lackham, appears to have been M.P. for Chippenham in 
1491-2, during his father's lifetime. In 1519 he was trustee, 
with Sir Edward Hungerford, just mentioned, and John 
Ernley, of Bourton, in Bishops Cannings, for a minor of the 
Tropenell family to whom Great Chalfield owes its fine old 
mediaeval manor house, still standing. (Additional MSS. } No. 
6363, p. 175.) He married Jane, daughter of Nicholas 
Stewkeley, of Affeton, co. Devon. His will was proved in 
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1522 (3 Ayloflfe). 

Robert Baynard, his son and heir, was Sheriff of Wilts 
26 Hen. VIII (1534), and his will was proved in P.C.C. (i and 
7 Crumwell) two years later. He married Ann, daughter of 



1 This Sir Edward Hungerford died in 1522, leaving a second wife, 
Lady Agnes, who a year afterwards was hanged at Tyburn for the murder 
of a former husband. In the inventory of her goods, etc., forfeited to the 
Crown, she mentions a debt from one of the Temmes family, mentioned 
above : 

" Item. Robert Temmes, gentleman, dwelling in Red (Rood) Aston, 
owyng to me xviijft and more to be payd at Penticost last past." 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 59 

Robert Blake, a family who resided for some four hundred 
years, until the last century, at Pinhill, an old moated dwelling 
in Calne. 1 He had, according to the Heralds' Visitations, one 
sister Mary Baynard married to Roger (or Robert) Blake, 
also of Pinhill. His own family consisted of five sons and 
three daughters : i, Edward ; 2, Robert, 2 of Silchester, who 
married and had issue ; 3, Lawrence ; 4, Richard, died without 
issue ; 5, Thomas, of Barton, co. Gloucester, whose descen- 
dants were at Wanstrow, co. Somerset, Colerne, Wilts, and 
Cliff House, co. Dorset. Of the three daughters, Gertrude, 
Ann and Cicely, the first married Ambrose Adlaine, of West- 
bury, Wilts ; the second, John Willoughby, of Turner's Piddle, 
co. Dorset ; and the third was twice married, first to Robert 
White, secondly to Thomas Berington, of co. Herts. To 
these may be added another daughter, Jane, who married 
Leonard Knoell, of Sandford Orcas, co. Somerset, and appears 
in the pedigree of that family, although not entered in the 
Visitation of Wilts. 

Edward Baynard, the eldest son and heir, was born about 
the year 1512, and must have been nearly or quite 24 years 
of age when he succeeded to the Lackham estate in 1536 the 
same year that the marriage of Henry VIII with Jane 
Seymour took place and the royal visit here is presumed to 
have been paid. In 1539, three years afterwards, upon receipt 
of information that the Pope had, by means of Reginald Pole, 
incited the Princes of Christendom to invade the realm, King 
Henry visited the coasts in person, caused block-houses and 



1 In the British Museum (Hurl. MS., No. 1443, fol. 258) there is a 
drawing of two kneeling figures copied by John Withie, in the year 1616, 
from the chancel windows of Calne Church. The male figure is represented 
in a tabard with the arms of BLAKE singly. On the mantle worn by the 
female is Gules a bend argent, with a crescent for difference. See also 
Aubrey, Wilt's Collections, plate iv, p. 37, who adds a portion of an inscrip- 
tion: "OEATE . P . . . . BLAKE . DB . PINHILL . A . . " 

2 Robert Baynard. aged 11, was admitted a Winchester scholar in 
1532, was scholar of New College, Oxford, and Fellow in 1541. 



6o Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

fortifications to be made, put the navy in readiness at Ports- 
mouth, under the Great Admiral of England, the Earl of 
Southampton, and issued commissions throughout the kingdom 
for the muster of the people, and view of harness and weapons. 
From " the Certyfycatt of the vewe of abull men, as well 
Archars as Byllmen," for several of the hundreds in North 
Wilts, taken loth April, 1539, by virtue of the royal commis- 
sion, and preserved in the Public Record Office, we learn that 
upon this occasion the " Tithing of Lackham " was prepared to 
furnish seven archers, and eight bill men, and had in readiness 
a horse and harness, with other small weapons. 1 

This lord of Lackham, following the royal precedent of 
his day, was thrice married. His first wife was Mary, daughter 
of Leonard Poole, of Sapperton, co. Gloucester ; the second, 
Eleanor, daughter of Edward Walsingham, of Chislehurst, co. 
Kent, both of whom died without issue. The latter was buried 
at Lacock, 2oth August, 1559. He subsequently married for 
a third wife a Wiltshire lady, Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Warneford, of Sevenhampton, near Highworth, who became 
the mother of ten children, all baptized at Lacock between the 
years 1561 and 1575. i Edmund, 2 Robert, 3 Nicolas, 4 John, 
5 Giles, 6 Philip, 7 Edward, 8 Benjamin, 9 Mary, 10 Anne. 
Of these, Edmund, the eldest, died an infant, Robert became 
the heir, Giles and Edward married and had issue. 2 Of the 
two daughters, Mary and Anne, the first married Edward Perce 
(Pierce ?), the second Edward Reade, of Corsham. 3 



1 Lacock could, on the same occasion, muster 22 archers, 27 billmen, 
2 horses, 6 harness, 4 bows, 4 sheafs of arrows, and other small weapons. 

2 Edward had lately died in 1636, leaving an only son of the same name. 
Giles, who was living in Ireland in 1623, also left an only son Robert, and the 
following entry in the Parish Register of Rowde apparently records a collec- 
tion made there for his widow in 1647 : 

" Aug. 15, Collected for Mr. Giles Baynard's widdow 9s. 3d." 

3 She died 23 August, 1615. On her monumental tablet in Corsham 
Church, she is described as " ex inclyta familia Baynardorum de Lecham 
Oriundae." 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 61 

Within a few days of the death of King Edward VI, on 
the 6th July, 1553, followed that of Sir William Sharington, 
the grantee from the Crown of the site of Lacock Abbey, as 
well as other monastic property in the neighbourhood. Sir 
William was at the time .Sheriff of Wilts, and there is still 
extant among the Public Records an order dated i4th July, 
J553. f r the making of letters patent to constitute Edward 
Baynard, the Lord of Lackham, Sheriff in the place of Sir 
William Sharington, late sheriff, deceased. This document 
is signed " Jane the Queene," and is of especial interest from 
the fact of its being the only signature of Lady Jane Gray as 
Queen. It was, of course, superseded by another similar 
order from Queen Mary, antedated 6th July, 1553, the day of 
Edward Vlth's death, and the claim of Lady Jane Grey to the 
throne having been set aside, the lord of Lackham became 
Sheriff of Wilts for the first year of the reign of Queen Mary. 
He was M.P. for the neighbouring borough of Chippenham 
i n X 559 an d dying in 1575 was buried with his ancestors in 
the Baynard aisle of Lacock Church. 

His monument is a curious one. It is a mural tablet, not 
of stone or marble, but of panelled oak, well-seasoned, and 
doubtless the growth of the Lackham estate. It was erected 
by his eldest surviving son in 1623,* nearly half-a-century 
after his father's death, and in the very year of one of the 
Heralds' Visitations of the county. Its armorial display was 
evidently arranged under the superintendence of a skilled 
officer of arms. Around the central inscription are eight 
shields, with single impalements, showing the marriages of 
the deceased, and five generations of his ancestors, the whole 
being surmounted by the quartered shield and crest of the 
Baynard family, as shown in the accompanying illustration. 



1 On the occasion of the death of his own wife, which happened in 
that year and to whom he erected a similar memorial emblasoned with the 
heraldry of her own family. 



62 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The epitaph is a quaint production of the time of James I. 

" Heare lyeth y e Body of Edward Bainarde 
Esquire who for the space of many yeares 
Yeven to his dyinge day was Justice of 
Peace and Corum and sometimes Gustos 
Rotulorum and Hygh Sherriffe of the 
County of Wiltes : A Bountifull friend 
to his brethren and sisters and to 
his servants liberal! ; and an enemy 
to noe man : he lyved to the age of 
63 yeares and dyed l and was buryed 
the 21 day of December 1575. 

Lett envy saye what it can, 
This was an honest man : 
Whoe in his life did many goode 
And to the trueth firmely stode : 
Religious, wise, and just was hee, 
And ever lyved worthylie." 

(To be continued.) 



NOTES ON GREAT SOMERFORD. 

(Continued from page 



Previous to the connexion with Somerford the family of 
Alexander was located in the neighbouring parish of 
Rodbourne. A copy of Court roll, 28th April, 1682, stating 
that to the Court Baron of James, Lord Norreys, Baron of 
Rycot, co. Oxon (Dauntesey Brouncker, steward), came 



1 The day of his decease had evidently been forgotten, and that of burial 
was supplied from the Lacock Parish Register. 




Notes on Great Somerford. 63 

Robert and David Alexander and surrendered a customary 
messuage and one virgate of land in the manor of Rodbourne 
(Cowfold), the same being re-granted for lives of the said 
Robert Alexander and William and Anne, his son and 
daughter. Again, in 1699, to the court of Montague, Lord 

Norreys and Earl of Abingdon, 
came William Alexander and 
surrendered the same messuage 
and virgate of land, then in 
<^O the occupation of his mother, 

Alice Alexander, widow, and 

re-granted for lives of the said William and his sons, 
Robert, aged three years, and William, aged thirteen. Most 
of these persons are mentioned in the following will of 
Robert Alexander, of Rodbourne, yeoman, dated 26th Oct., 
1696, proved in Dec., 1697 (P.C.C., 267 Pyne) : 

To daughter Anne Godwyne 1 u., and to her sonne Hugh those two 
bedsteads that are in the chamber wherein the said Anne now usually 
lodgeth. 

To daughter Alice Smith is. and 5^. apiece to her children. 

To sonne William Alexander's five children 5^. apiece. Rest and resi- 
due to said sonne William on condition nevertheless that he shall pay to 
my daughter Mary the sum of ^8 yearly by quarterly payments so long as 
she shall live and not attempt to alyen, assigne or convey away the same 
to the intent that she shall have a competent maintenance as long as she 
liveth and not have it in her power to squander away the same, said son 
to secure said annuity by way of rent charge out of some of his fee 
simple or other lands of inheritance by good conveyance, &c. If said 
sonne refuses to secure said annuity with a condition that the same shall 
be made voyde on her attempting to alyen or sell the same, then such 



1 Married Walter Godwin, of Wilsley, Sherston Magna. Marriage 
settlement 6th January, 1690, the various parties being Jeremy Godwin of 
Rodbourne, Jonathan Godwin of Holt, Edith Deverell of Wilsley, widow, 
Walter Godwin, her son, by her first husband ; Hugh Godwin and Robert, 
William and Anne Alexander. Marriage portion 150, with equivalent of 
a life interest in a messuage and 20 acres of land called Beanclose and 
Homeclose in Stanley in the parish of Chippenham, held by the Godwins 
tinder a lease from Henry Baynton, esq., of Spye Park ; Edith Deverell, to 
have 7 a year for next 10 years out of Beanclose. 



64 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

bequest of residue of estate shall be voyde, and said sonne be no longer 
residuary legatee but said daughter Mary shall have residue of estate for 
her use only. Beloved wife Alice and sonne William to be executors. 

We may presume that William Alexander carried out the 
provisions for his sister Mary's maintenance without giving 
her the chance of more money to " squander away." He had 
already become a man of substance himself, had lost two 
well-dowered wives, and was at this time occupying the manor 
house at Great Somerford with his third wife, Joan Vines, of 
Mauditt's Park. After the death of Helen, his first wife, the 
heiress of John Mayo, who only survived her marriage a few 
months, William Alexander married in June, 1686, Martha 
Lawrence, one of the daughters of Jonas Lawrence, clerk, of 
Broad Somerford, with a dower of ^500. Foster's Alumni 
Oxon. gives "Jonas Lawrence, B.A., from Magdalen College, 
26th June, 1634, M.A., 6th July, 1637," but the name does not 
appear in the list of Somerford rectors. The will of Daniel 
Lawrence, one of the sons of Jonas, is rather an interesting 
document, dated i8th May, 1692, containing, as it does, 
bequests to a number of relatives : 

I, Daniel Lawrence, of Somerford Magna, gent., being sick and weak 
in body but of sound and disposing mind, &c. Body to be buried at dis- 
cretion of executors but not pompously, and as for the worldly goods it 
has pleased God to ensteward me with here on earth : To honored and 
deare mother Mrs. Mary Lawrence 20 to buy mourning. To loving and 
deare brother Mr. Richard Lawrence .50. To sisters Mrs. Mary 
Hollister and Mrs. Margaret Packer 10 apiece. To nephew Mr. Guy 
Willcox, son of said sister Mary by her first husband, .40. To nephew 
Richard Yealfe ^5. To Lawrence, Edward and Ezekiel Hollister ,40 
apiece, to Daniel Hollister .100, all sons of said sister Mary by Edward 
Hollister 1 her now third husband, to be paid when each attain 21 years. 
To Daniel and Obadiah Burgess ^50 apiece, the same to be put out at 
interest in trust to the end that Isaac Burgess their father may not inter- 
meddle nor have anything to do with the same. To William Alexander, 
jun., son of William Alexander, by my sister Martha, deceased, 10, 
and to Mary and Alice Alexander, daughters of said William, ^100 
apiece at 16 years of age. To John Packer, jun., 10, to Mary 
Packer, daughter of said sister Margaret, 100 at 16 years of age. 
To cozens Mary and John Yealfe 2s. apiece. To Mr. Edward 

1 Query, a Wootton Bassett family. 



Notes on Great Somerford. 65 

Hollister, Mr. William Alexander and Mr. John Packer a guinea apiece 
to buy a ring who together with my brother Mr. Richard Lawrence I 
make executors of this my Will desiring them to see it performed in all 
things discharging their consciences towards my cozens under age for 
God's sake according to my meaning. Within three months after my 
decease they are to call in all my money out at interest on bond or other- 
wise and put out the same in their own names in trust tor the several 
legatees. Each executor for himself is to keep a book of account, all 
to meet twice a year at Malmesbury for incerting, settling and stating 
such accounts in said books which accounts shall be signed and sealed 
by all said executors as my cozen Guy Willcox or some other attorney 
by them to be chosen shall advise. 

Besides the three children, William, Mary and Alice, 
mentioned above, William Alexander had by his third wife 
three more children, Robert, Martha and Eleanor. William, 
the elder son, married Mary Estcourt, of Swinley, and died 
in 1717, leaving two daughters, Martha and Elizabeth. 1 The 
following extracts are from the Great Somerford parish 
register : 

Mr. John Parham of Woot'ton Bassettand Mrs. Mary Alexander were 
married 21 Oct. 1714. 

Mr. Roger Gauntlett of the Lea and Ellice Alexander were married 
16 June 1715. 

Mrs. Joan Alexander was buried 19 July 1721. 

Mr. William Alexander was buried 25 July 1724. 

The will of William Alexander, proved 3ist July, 1724 
(155 Bolton), disposed of his property as follows : 

To daughters Eleanor and Martha Alexander .200 each, half of 
household stuff equally divided, 40$. each within 6 months and 40^. 
within 12 months after my decease. 

To grandchildren Martha, Ugenie, William and Mary Parham, 
Martha and Elizabeth Alexander, Sarah, Martha, Alice and Roger 
Gauntlett los. apiece. 

Rest and residue of real and personal estate to son Robert Alexander 
whom I make whole and sole executor. 

Robert Alexander, clothier, died unmarried in 1738, leaving 
everything to be equally divided between his two sisters, 
Eleanor and Martha. These survivors of the family inhabited 
"Cottrell's Homestead," the inventory of Robert's effects 

1 See Estcourt of Swinley, vol. ii, p. 406. 



66 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 





amounting to ,550, and including a large quantity of wool 
and yarn, as well as farm stock, four yoke of oxen, &c. 
Martha Alexander died unmarried in 1742, after which Eleanor 
married Henry Aland and died a widow in 1757, leaving over 
;i,ooo to be divided between her nephews and nieces the 
Taylors, the Gauntletts, Roberson, Ugena and Alice Parham, 
Eleanor daughter of Mr. Joshua Ralph, of Wootton Bassett, 

and Martha daughter of Jonas 
Alloway; 10 to the poor of 
Somerford; John Smith, gent, 
to be executor and residuary 
legatee. 

At last the family of Smith claims our attention, connected, 
as it was, from generation to generation, with many of the 
other families which have been noticed in these annals of 
Somerford. The name of "John Smith" is not one of the 
easiest to handle in genealogical research, especially when one 
finds him apparently prevailing through a couple of centuries, 
and it is rather a relief in turning to one of the oldest docu- 
ments under notice (a copy of Court roll of the manor of 
Wanborough) to find that there was an Anthony Smythe in 
the 27th year of Elizabeth, who came to 
the Court of William Darell, esq. (William 
Curteys, steward), and surrendered the 
reversion of a messuage and one virgate 

of land "in le East field," then in the tenure of Katherine 
Smythe, widow, the same holding figures in a succession of 

copies, Sir John Darell 
being the lord in 1621-28, 
after which date the Court 
for that part of the manor 
was held by the President and "scholars" of Magdalen College, 
Oxford. 1 Other members of the Smith family upon the 



1 " Accepti " Frewen was president in 1634-7, Thomas Goodwin in 1659, 
and Thomas Pierce in 1663-5. Canon Jackson's notes to " Wanborough " 








Notes on Great Somerford. 67 

rolls were Hellen, widow of Anthony, Thomas and John 
their sons, and Thomas and Mary, children of Thomas 
Smith the elder, the following will 1 being almost certainly 
that of the above Thomas Smith the younger, of Wan- 
borough, yeoman : 

Imprimis, to poor of Wanborough 20.?. To daughter Ann 2os. To 
son John, all that land which I bought of Mr. Gooding which was 
Wilkinses land formerly to him and his heirs for ever, also .300 to said 
son John within 3 months after my decease. 

To said son John all the corne and grase that shall be growing at 
my decease upon the two halfe partes. One bedstead in the Chamber 
over the hall with all furniture to a bed, a joyne Tabell and six joyne 
stouls in the new house and one joyne oaken chaire to son John. 

Item, I give unto my loving wife one shilling. 

To my son-in-law Thomas Loudays (Loveday) two daughters Mary 
and Alyce ^10 apiece when they shall attain 21 years. To my son 
Thomases two daughters Ann and Sarah 10 at 21 years of age. 

To my son Thomas all my lands, goods and chattels not before given 
making him my whole and sole executor. 

John Smith, of Wanborough, yeoman, "being weake in 
body but of sound and perfect memory," made his will in 
April, 1702,2 in the following terms : 

To poore people of Wanborough 40$. 

To my loving wife 40 and all my household goods except one 
feather bed and all that doth belong to it which I give to my grand- 
daughter Mary Edwards and ^50 in money. To my granddaughters 
Elizabeth and Dorothy Edwards 20 apiece. To grandson Thomas 
Edwards 2.0. To daughter Mary Edwards 20. To granddaughter 
Rebecca Smith 20 and one feather bed. Son John Smith to be executor 
to discharge debts and pay legacies to grandchildren at age of 21. 

The next John Smith, executor of the above will, is easily 
identified as "John Smith, junior, of Overton, gent." (described 
as "of Wanborough" in deed of 1697) who purchased the 
" Scite, manor house and demesne lands " of Great Somerford, 
of the trustees of Sir Richard Hawkins in 1698 (vol. ii, p. 

(Aubrey and Jackson, p. 194) give much information about the manor, in 
connexion with which a "Surveigh of Wanborough" 1720, in MS., found 
among the Smith documents and containing their name many times over, is 
an interesting study. 

1 Proved 5 May, 1690 (Archdeaconry Wilts, No. 11). 

2 Proved 29 Oct. 1702 (Archdeaconry Wilts, No. 40). 

F 2 



68 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

547), having married the year before, Rebecca, daughter of 
Robert Phelps als. Bromham, of West Overton, and grand- 
daughter of the last John Mayo. Of their four children, a 
daughter Mary married John Sweetapple, of Overton ; Rebecca, 
as already stated, became the wife of Lucian Browne, of 
Minety, and a son Thomas is believed to have died at an 
early age, so that at the father's death, in 1724^ the remaining 
son, John, born in 1709, succeeded to the property. He 
married Elizabeth Alexander, granddaughter of Richard 
Estcourt, of Swinley, thereby joining that and the other 
Alexander estates to his own purchases. Two sons, both 
named John, died in early infancy, and yet a third John grew 
to be a bright, promising boy of 16, when he fell a victim to 
that scourge of the time, small-pox. 2 His mother, Madam 
Smith as she was called, was left a widow in 1765, and 
after her son's death she and her daughter Elizabeth 
(born in 1754) were the sole survivors of the family in Somer- 
ford. In her young days Miss Smith used to say "Jack will 
have the dirty acres and I shall have the gold," but poor Jack's 
early death placed her in possession of both, which no doubt 
formed the bait that prompted the singular and audacious 
attempt to carry her off bodily on a September evening in 1774 
which has been described in a former issue of this magazine 
(vol. i, p. 407). Miss Smith died unmarried in 1798 and her 
memory was long revered in Somerfprd. In seeking an heir 



1 "Mr. Jobn Smith was buried 1st December, 1724." " Mr. Thomas 
Smith was buried 1st December, 1724." (Great Somerford Parish Register) 
These were probably father and son. The Somerford voters in the Poll of 
1705 were John Smyth, Isaac Reeks (rector), William Alexander. Richard 
Smyth, John Leonard, William Knap, Richard Lawrence, Samuel Knap, 
John Pike, Francis Baskervil and Robert Jacob, for the candidates Howe and 
Hide. Henry Tuck, John Mills, Edward Sowthby and John Collingborn, for 
Ernie and Ash. 

2 Some lines upon his monument in Somerford Church describe him as 

"Of manners gentle and in judgement sound," but "too venturous he 

through human art," perhaps an allusion to the way in which the disease 
may have been contracted. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 69 

her choice fell upon William Jones (who took the name of 
Smith), a son of a first cousin on the Alexander side. He 
practised as a surgeon (for the most part gratuitously), and if 
the monument erected by his " neighbours and friends " in 
Somerford Church 1 can be trusted, the name of " Dr. Smith " 
must have been gratefully remembered by many whom he had 
benefited. At his death in 1833 the property passed to his 
sister Mrs. Mary Birtill, of Bristol, in whose family it still y 
remains. 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 

(Continued from p. 15.^ 



PATENT, 39 Edward III, pt. i, m. 38; and EDINGDON 
CHARTULARY, / 92. 

For the Rector and Friars of Edyndon. 

A.D. 1365. Edward, &c., King, &c., &c. We have 
pardoned Robert Gundewyne and Thomas Jurdan for their 
transgression in having acquired to them and their heirs the 
manor of Bratton with its appurtenances from Walter Dansy, 
who held the same manor and the manor of Dulton of us by 
the service of 10 marks paid to us yearly by the hands of the 
Sheriff of Wilts and 45. 8d. to the same Sheriff by reason of 
his office ; and for entering the said manor of Bratton without 
our licence. And we grant for ourselves and our heirs to the 



1 The monument was fh-st placed upon the rood screen, but removed to 
its present position over the doorway when the church was restored some 
years ago. The coat of arms above the inscription, as well as on. Mr. Smith's 
book-plates, is Azure, a clierron engrailed ermine between three lions passant 
gardant argent. Crest. A leopard's head erased, chained collared argent. 
The John Smiths of the 17th and 18th centuries used various armorial seals, 
but all with the same leopard's head crest. 



t 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



foresaid Robert and Thomas to have and hold to themselves 
and their heirs the foresaid manor of Bratton of us and of our 
heirs by the service of paying 10 marks for the said two 
manors to us by the hands of the Sheriff of the county afore- 
said and 45. Sd. to the same Sheriff yearly forever. Moreover 
we concede to the same Robert and Thomas that they may 
give and assign the said manor of Bratton, with the appur- 
tenances, which is worth yearly 75. Sd. besides the foresaid 
rent of 10 marks and 45. 8d. according to the inquisition thereof 
taken by John Evesham our Eschaetor in Wiltshire ; to the 
Rector and Friars of the Order of St. Augustine of Edyndon ; 
to Have and to Hold to them and their successors of us and 
of our heirs by the service of paying 10 marks for the said 
two manors to us by the hands of the Sheriff of the county 
aforesaid, and 45. 8d. to the same sheriff by reason of his office 
yearly in value one mark beyond the foresaid service ; in part 
satisfaction of 100 marks of land and rent which we have 
permitted the same Rector and Friars to acquire. And we 
give licence to the Rector and Friars to receive the said 
manor from the foresaid Robert and Thomas. Witness, the 
King himself, at Westminster, 28 January. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, f. 92. 

Charter of Robert Gundewyne and Thomas Jurdan, 

Chaplain to the Rector. 

We Thomas Jurdan and Robert Gundewyne have granted 
to the Rector and Friars of the House or Monastery of 
Edyndon our manor of Bratton with its appurtenances which we 
lately had of the gift of Walter Dansy. To Hold to them and 
their successors of the chief lords of that fee by the service 
therefore due and customary forever. And by paying yearly 
to the king and his heirs 10 marks and to the Sheriff of Wilts 
for the time being 45. 8d. at the feast of the Annunciation for 
the said manor and the manor of Bratton. And we, &c., will 
warrant, &c. In testimony whereof we have set our seals, &c. 
Witnesses .... Bratton, loth February, 39 Edward III. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 71 

FEET OF FINES. WILTS. [39-51 Edward III.] 

A.D. 1366-71. At Westminster in the quindene of 
Michaelmas, 40 Edward III, and afterwards in the Octaves of 
the Holy Trinity, 45 Edward III. Between John Mareys, of 
Bradeforde, and Edith his wife, plaintiffs, and John Renger, 
of Yatesbury, and Emma his wife, deforciants, of 20 messuages, 
4 carucates of land, 30 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 
30 acres of wood, and 6s. 8d. rent, with the appurtenances in 
Bradeforde, Wyneslegh, Bradelegh, Southewyk Yondebrok, 
Westbury, Bratton, Lye, Hankrigge, Shotestret, and Hewode. 
Plea of covenant was summoned. John Renger and Emma 
acknowledged the right of John Mareys to the said tenements, 
of which John and Edith have 19 messuages, the said land, 
meadow, pasture, wood, and r-ent, with the appurtenances, of 
the gift of John Renger and Emma, except 16 acres of land 
out of the same carucates ; to have and hold to them and the 
heirs of John Mareys of the chief lords of that fee by the 
service thereto belonging forever. And further, John Renger 
and Emma granted for themselves and the heirs of Emma that 
the one messuage of land, with their appurtenances, above 
excepted, which John Talbot held for life of the heritage of 
Emma in Lye aforesaid, at the date of this concord, and which, 
after his death, ought to revert to John Renger and Emma and 
the heirs of Emma, after his death shall remain wholly to 
John Mareys and Edith and the heirs of John, to hold together 
with the foresaid tenements of the chief lords of that fee by 
the service thereto belonging forever. And John Renger and 
Emma and the heirs of Emma warranted to John Mareys and 
Edith and the heirs of John the said tenements against all men 
forever. For this John Mareys and Edith gave John Renger 
and Emma 200 marks silver. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, / 9o b< 

Release of Isabella Peres de Langecote to the Rector of 

Edyndon. 

I, Isabella Peres de Langecote, have released and quit- 
claimed for myself and heirs to John, Rector of Edyndon, and 



72 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the Convent of the same place all my right in the manors of 
Bratton and Estrop, with the appurtenances. I and my heirs 
will warrant, &c., to the Rector and Convent and their 
successors forever. In witness whereof I have set my seal, 

&c. Witnesses Estrop, i6th June, 46 Edward 

III. 

IBID., / 91. FINE OF THE SAME. [Feet of Fines, Wilts. 
39-51 Edward III.] 

At Westminster, in the quindene of the Holy Trinity, 46 
Edward III. Between John, Rector of the House of Edyndon, 
plaintiff, and Walter Maryner, of Langecote, and Isabella his 
wife, deforciants, of the manors of Bratton and Esthorp, with 
appurtenances. Plea of covenant was summoned. Walter 
and Isabella recognised the right of the Rector and his House 
aforesaid. And they quit-claimed from themselves and the 
heirs of Isabella to the Rector and his successors and his 
House aforesaid for ever. Moreover, Walter and Isabella, for 
themselves and the heirs of Isabella, warranted to the said 
Rector and his successors the said manor against all men for 
ever. For this the Rector gave Walter and Isabella ,200 
sterling. 

IBID.,/! 96. [Feel of Fines. Wilts. 39-51 Edward III r .] 

A.D. 1373. At Westminster, in the quindene of Easter, 47 
Edward III. Between John, Rector of the Church of 
Edyndon, plaintiff, and John Videln and Joan his wife, 
deforciants, of a messuage, 40 acres of land, 8 acres of 
meadow, 7 acres of pasture, and half of a mill, with appur- 
tenances, in Mulbourne and Bratton. Plea of covenant was 
summoned. John Videln and Isabella acknowledged the right 
of the Rector and his Church of B. Mary and All Saints of 
Edyndon, and quitclaimed from themselves and the heirs of 
Joan to the Rector and his successors and the Church afore- 
said forever. For this the same Rector gave John Videln and 
Joan 100 silver marks. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 73 

GAOL DELIVERY ROLL. No. 156, nt. n. 

A.D. 1373. Gaol delivery of Old Sarum at New Sarum, 
Monday next before the feast of St. Peter-in-chains, 47 
Edward III. 

Edward le Skynnere, of Bratton, taken before the Justices, 
because at Bratton, in the Hundred of Westbury, on Sunday 
next after the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist in 
46 Edward III, in the night-time, he entered the house of 
Nicholas de Broke and broke a coffer of Nicholas, and 
feloniously carried off a piece of silver worth 105. and deeds 
and divers muniments to the value of ^10, with other chattels. 
The Jury acquit him. 

LAY SUBSIDY. 1 ~. WILTS. 

7 

A.D. 1377. William Don, one of the collectors of the 
subsidy of iiija?., granted in the last Parliament, in the County 
of Wilts, received of William Conduyt, constable, James 
Swetappel and Andrew Athelelme of the townships of Bratton, 
Mulbourne and Stoke, xlixs. v'ujcf. for 169 lay persons dwelling 
there beyond the age of 14 years. April, 51 Edward III. 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, / io7 b> 

Charter of John Herbelot and Christina his wife to 

Augustine her son. 

A.D. 1379. We, John Herbelot de Crofton and Christina 
my wife, have granted to Augustine, son of the foresaid 
Christina, all our lands and tenements, with meadows, pastures 
and pasturages, and all other their appurtenances in Bratton, 
Mulbourne, Lytelstoke, and in all other places in the Hundred 
of Westbury To Hold to him, his heirs and assigns forever, 
of the chief lords of that fee by the service therefore due and 
accustomed. And we, John and Christina, will warrant, &c., 
against all people forever. In testimony whereof we have 
set. our seals, &c. Witnesses Bratton, Thurs- 
day next after the feast of the Nativity of the B.V. Mary, 3 
Richard II. 



74 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

IBID. 
Charter of Augustine to Thomas Bonham and others. 

A.D. 1382. I, Augustine, son of Christina, daughter of 
William Mauger, of Lewerton, near Hungerforde, have 
granted to Thomas son of Nicholas de Bonham, John Mareys, 
Thomas Ode, chaplain, and Andrew atte Watre, all my lands 
and tenements, with meadows, pastures, pasturages, and all 
other their appurtenances in Bratton, Mulbourne, and 
Lytelstoke, and in all other places in the Hundred of 
Westbury To Hold to them and their assigns forever of the 
chief lords of that fee by the service due therefore and 
customary. And I, Augustine, and my heirs will warrant, 
&c., against all people forever. In testimony whereof I have 

set my seal, &c. Witnesses Bratton, 23rd 

May, 5 Richard II. 

IBID. 

Release of John Herbelot, of Crofton, in the parish of 
Bedeivynd, and Christina his wife, to Thomas, son of Nicholas 
de Bonham, and the other grantees above-mentioned and quit- 
claim of all their right in all lands and tenements with 
meadows, pastures and pasturages, and all other their 
appurtenances in Bratton, Mulbourn, Lytelstoke, and all other 
places in the Hundred of Westbury. Bratton, 26 May, 5 
Richard II. 

CORONER'S ROLL, No. 204, m. 7 & m. 8. 

A.D. 1380. Inquest taken at Mulebourne on the death of 
Alice Prute, on Monday next after the feast of the Translation 
of St. Thomas the Martyr, 4 Richard II. The Jury say that 
it happened in the tithing of Bratton on Sunday in the Feast 
of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr in the year above 
said, that the foresaid Alice crossing into the kitchen of John 
Bole, looking into a certain cooking-pot half full of water, fell 
into it by misfortune, and thus was drowned. The first finder 
thereof was Agnes Prowete. She found pledges John Bright 
and Richard Bat, &c. The value of the said cooking-pot was 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 75 

xiiof. Whereof the township of Bratton is therefore answer- 
able to the king. 

A.D. 1381. Inquest taken at Bratton on the death of 
Thomas, son of Robert Forest, on Monday next after the 
Feast of the Purification of the B.V. Mary, 4 Richard II. The 
Jury say that it happened at Bratton in the Hundred of 
Westbury, the sabbath next before the Feast of the 
Purification in the year above said, that the said Thomas, 
being in his Mother's arms about the hour of the first quarter 
of the night, fell by mishap from her arms into the fire and 
burnt his feet and legs, by which he died on the Friday next 
following. 

ASSIZE ROLL. No. 1502. 

A.D. 1391. Suit at Salisbury, Wednesday next before the 
feast of St. Matthias the Apostle, 14 Richard II. The Assize 
come to take cognizance if John Bole, senior, and John Bole, 
junior, disseised John Compayn, junior, of his freehold in 
Nethermulbourne, a messuage, a toft and 8^. rent, with their 
appurtenances. Richard Grene answered for the defendants 
that there is no tenant and was none at the date of the writ, 
20 January, 14 Richard II, and that there was no disseisin of 
the said tenements, and that they put themselves on the 
assize. Likewise John Compayn, junior, puts himself, &c. 
The Jury say that John Compayn, senior, is and was tenant, 
and that John Compayn, junior, was in seisin thereof until the 
defendants disseised him with force and arms, to the damage 
of 405. Therefore John Compayn, junior, is to recover his 
seisin and damages, and John Bole, senior, and John Bole, 
junior, are to be taken. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [16 Richard II, pt. i, No. 151. 
(Inquis. ad Quod Damnum.)] 

A.D. 1392. Inquisition taken at Werminstre, Saturday, 
August 3ist, 1 6 Richard II. The Jury say that it is not to 
the prejudice of the king, &c., if he allow Thomas Bonham and 
John Mareys to assign 10 messuages, 4 cottages, 4 tofts, 2 



76 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

carucates, 9 virgates of land, 4 acres of meadow, and pasturage 
for 24 oxen and 300 sheep, 55., and the rent of ilb. of pepper, 
with the appurtenances, in Edyndon, Covelston, Beynton, 
Stepel-lavyngton, Immere, Bratton, Bradelegh, Asshton, and 
"la leese " near Edyndon, to the Rector and Friars of the 
monastery of the Order of St. Augustine at Edyndon in the 
diocese of Salisbury, lately founded ; to hold to them and 
their successors in aid of their maintenance forever . . . 
. . . . Whereof i messuage, i virgate of land, and pasture 
for 1 6 oxen and 300 sheep, with the appurtenances in Bratton, 
are held of the said Rector by the service of 55. &d. yearly, and 
are worth yearly 6s. 8d., and with a messuage and a virgate 
of land in Stepellavyngton he holds it of the king by what 
service they do not know. And i messuage, 2 tofts, and a 
carucate of land, with the appurtenances in Immere, are held 
of the foresaid Rector for 205. yearly, and he holds them of 
John Rous, and John of the king, by what service they know 

not, and they are worth 35. ^d. yearly And 

besides this donation there remains to Thomas Bonham half 
the manor of Wychford in the same county, held of the Duke 
of Lancaster ; and to John Mareys certain lands and tenements 
in Bradford, held of the Abbess of Shaston ... In 
witness whereof the Jury have sealed. Dated in the year and 
place as above. 

LAY SUBSIDY. ^ WILTS, [cf. EDINGDON CHARTULARY, 
/ 236.] 

A.D. 1402.- [Inquisition, 3 Henry IV, in aid of the marriage 
of Blanche the king's daughter.] 

Inquisition taken at New Sarum, Tuesday next after 
Palm Sunday, 3 Henry IV, for the Hundred of Westbury. 

The Rector of Edyndon holds the manor of Bratton and 
Dulton, which were lately Walter Dansye's, of the lord king, 
immediately by the service of half a knight's fee. 

The same Rector holds the manor of Bratton, lately 
belonging to William Maundevill, immediately of the king, by 
the service of half a knight's fee. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 77 

INQUISITION AD QUOD DAMNUM. [7 Henry IV, No. 32.] 

A.D. 1405. Inquisition taken at Edyndon, Wilts, loth 
November, 7 Henry IV. The Jury say that it is not to the 
king's prejudice, &c., if the king license John Elye, clerk, to 
assign 7 messuages, i virgate, 15^ acres of land, i acre of 
meadow, and &d. rent, with the appurtenances in Stepullavyn- 
ton, Dulton, Lye, Mulbourne, Bratton, Westhrop, and Fifhide, 
to the Rector and Friars of Edyndon to hold to them and 
their successors in aid of their maintenance forever. Item, 
they say that 2 messuages, i yirgate of land, and 8d. rent, 
with the appurtenances in Stepullavynton, i messuage, 9 acres 
of land, and i acre of meadow, with appurtenances in 
Mulbourne, Bratton and Dulton, of the foresaid tenements are 
held of the said Rector and Friars as of their manors of 
Stepullavynton, Dulton and Bratton, by the service of 35. 
yearly, and that the Rector and Friars hold the said manors 

of the king in chief by knight's service 

The foresaid messuages, lands, meadow, and rent in Stepul- 
lavynton, Dulton, Lye, Mulbourne, Bratton, Westhrop, and 
Fifhide are worth yearly according to the true value 135. $d. 
The said John holds property at Teffont of the Abbess of 
Shaston, which is sufficient for the customs due for the fore- 
mentioned lands and tenements, as well as for what remains 
to him after this assignment is made. 

In witness whereof the Jury have sealed. Dated as 
above. 

FEET OF FINES. WILTS. [1-14 Henry IV. ~\ 

A.D. 1409. At Westminster, three weeks after Michael- 
mas, 10 Henry IV. Between John Westbury, senior, and 
Robert Richard, plaintiffs, and William Westbury and 
Katherine his wife, deforciants, of 3 messuages, 3 tofts, 3 
carucates, and 2 acres of land, 24 acres of meadow, 100 acres 
of pasture, 20 acres of wood, and 405. rent, with the appur- 
tenances in Westbury, Hewode, Bratton, Lye, Boxe, 



78 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Redelawe, and Kyngton. Plea of covenant was summoned. 
William and Katherine acknowledged the right of John to the 
foresaid tenements ; of which the same John and Robert have 
2 messuages, 2 tofts, 2 carucates of land, 12 acres of meadow, 
40 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and 20$. rent, with the 
appurtenances, of the gift of William and Katherine. For this 
John and Robert granted to William and Katherine the same 
tenements and rent with the appurtenances to hold to them 
and the heirs of their bodies of the same John and Robert and 
the heirs of John forever ; Returning therefore yearly a rose 
at the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist for all the 
service and custom belonging to the chief lords of that fee for 
John and Robert and the heirs of John forever. Moreover, 
John and Robert granted for themselves and the heirs of John 
that the one messuage, one toft, one carucate and 2 virgates of 
land, 12 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 10 acres of 
wood, and 205. rent of the foresaid tenements, with the 
appurtenances, which John Megre held for life of the heritage 
of John Westbury in Westbury, Hewode, Bratton, and Lye 
at the date of this concord ought to revert to John Westbury 
and Robert and the heirs of the same John, after the death of 
John Megre, shall wholly remain to William and Katherine 
and their heirs, to hold together with the foresaid tenements 
and rent remaining to them by this fine, of John Westbury 
and Robert and the heirs of John by the foresaid service 
forever. If William and Katherine die without heirs of their 
body, the said tenements and rent shall wholly revert to John 
Westbury and Robert and the heirs of John, quit of the heirs 
of William and Katherine, to hold of the chief lords of that 
fee, by the service belonging forever. 

(To be continued.) 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 79 

QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

MARRIAGE RECORDS. 



(Continued from p. 20.) 

R (continued). 

1755-6-4. Rachel ROSE, dau. of Thomas and Mary Rose, of 
Devizes, to Dennis NEWMAN, of Melksham, at 
Devizes. 

1758-6-29. John RILY, of Avon, Christian Malford ph., 
yeoman, to Mary BASKERVILLE, of Pickwick, 
at Corsham. 

1791-6-14. Mary RUTTY, dau. of Jonathan and Hannah Rutty, 
late of Melksham, to Josiah HANNAM, of 
Gillingham, at Melksham. 

1800-6-11. Allice RAGGATT to Griffith HUGHES, of Upton-on- 
Severn, at Broomham. 

S. 

1703-8-12. Sarah SELFE, of Lavington, dau. of Isaac, of co. of 
Wilts, to John WILLIS, Jr., of Calston, at 
Devizes. 

I7o3~i2-i4[?]. Hannah SKULL, dau. of Thomas Skull, of 
Brinkworth, to William WALKER, at Brink- 
worth. 

1705/6-11-21. Giles SHURMER, of Purton Stoake, to Hester 
CLARK, of Devizes. 

1706-5-10. Samuel STINCHCOM to Jone ODEY. 

1708-3-18. Joseph SARJANT, of Calne, woollen draper, to 
Jone HELE, of Charlcot, at Charlcott. 

1708-11-11. James SHEPPERD, of Charlcut, Brimhill ph., 
yeoman, son of Thomas Shepperd, of Poulset 
ph., to Sarah HARRIS, of Goteker, at Charlcut. 

i 709-1-29. Dinah SELF, of Market Lavington, to John GILES, 
of Bristol, at Lavington. 

1709-5-6. William STOAKES, of Sands, yeoman, to Elizabeth 
NARRAWAY, of Wootten Bassett, at Charlcut. 

1709-7-28. Jane SMITH, dau. of Catherine Smith, of Miles 
Kington, to Nathanl. HUTCHINS, at Fosket. 



80 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



1709-7-28. Andrew SEALY, of Devizes, woolstapler, son of 
Thomas and Mary Sealy, of Whitston, co. of 
Devon, to Mary GERISH, of Bromham ph., at 
Bromham. 

1709-8-4. Edward SEAGER, of Mere, shephard, to Christian 
BROWN, of Warminster, at Warminster. 

1710-5-6. Rachel SARJANT, dau. of Joseph Sarjant, of Calne, 
to John BASKERVILE, of Newtown, at Cain. 

1712-6-3. Jane SANGER, of Melksham, dau. of Thos. Sanger, 
to Thomas NASH, of Melksham, at Melksham. 

1712-7-16. Benjamin STILES, of Speen Mills, Speen ph., co. 
of Berks, papermaker, son of Joseph Stiles, of 
"Speen ph., co. of Berks, to Lucy WHEELER, at 
Charlcut. 

1713-6-4. Joseph SARJANT, of Cain, woollendraper, son of 
Joseph Sarjant, of Calne, to Martha CRABB, at 
Broomham. 

1713-9-3. Joan SARJANT, of Carlcut, Brimhil ph., to John 
COLESWORTHY, of Westwood, at Charlcut. 

1714-1-31. John SMITH, of Calne, clothworker, son of Robert 
Smith, of Hullavington, to Margery STOAKES, 
dau. of William Stoakes, of Sands, Calne ph., 
at Cain. 

1714-3-6. Rebecca SARJANT, of Calne Hill, within the liberty 
of Charlcut M. Meeting, dau. of Joseph 
Sarjant, of Calne, to John BIDDLE, of Nind, at 
Charlcut. 

1715-6-8. Joseph SARJANT, of Calne, woollendraper, son of 
Joseph Sarjant, of Calne, to Ruth SMITH, dau. 
of Daniel Smith, of Marlbro, at Marlbro. 

1715-7-22. John SMITH, of Bromham House, Bromham ph., 
maltster, son of William Smith, of Bromham, 
to Elizabeth CLARK, of Bradford, at Corsham. 

1718-6-10. Eliz. SANGER, dau. of Henry Sanger, of Warmin- 
ster, to Thos. BEAVEN, of Melksham, at 
Bromham. 

1719/20-1-8. Mary SMART, of Michaels Kington, spinster, 
dau. of Edward Smart, of Grittleton, to Jacob 
YOUNG, of Rough Earthcott. 

1719/20-11-31. Elizabeth SMITH, of Bradford, dau. of John 
CLARK, of Bradford, to Jno. PAYNE, of Bridg- 
water, at Bradford. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 81 

1720-2-7. Stephen SHEWRING, of Bradford, taylor, son of 
Phillip Shewring, of Collerne, to Anne BOWYER, 
late of Rexall, at Comerwell. 

1720-4-29. Mary SMITH, dau. of Mary Smith, of Chippenham, 
to Edward BOND, of Calne, at Chippenham. 

1720-8-6. Wm. SPARROW, of Bradford ph., husbandman, to 
Amey RAWLINS, of Bradford ph., at Comberwell. 

1720/1-1-16. Danl. [?] SMART, of Kington, son of Edwd. 
Smart, of Grittleton, to Hannah BRISTOW, of 
Fosket, at Hullavington. 

1721-4-29. Mary SANGER, dau. of Henry Sanger, of War- 
minster, to James BOND, at Froome. 

1722-2-18. Betty SMITH, dau. of Mary Smith, of Chippenham, 
to Richd. LITTLE, at Chippenham. 

1722-2-20. Sarah SMITH, dau. of Wm. Smith, of Broomham 
house, to Thomas GERRISH, at Broomham. 

1722-3-20. William SMITH, of Bromham, yeoman, to Ruth 
CHITY, of Marlbro, at Marlbro. 

1722-7-19. Martha SUMPSION, of Slaughterford ph., to Phillip 
BRYANT, of Eaton ph., at Slaughterford. 

1722-11-22. Jone SHEWRING, of Melksham, widow of Simon 
Shewring, to Richd. PINNOCK, of Inmarsh, at 
Melksham. 

1724-10-29. Amos SUMTION, of Melksham, joiner, son of 
Wm. Sumtion, late of South Wrexell, to 
Deborah NEWMAN, at Melksham. 

1725-3-23. Cleare SMITH, son of William Smith, of Broomham 
house, Broomham ph., to Mary BRADFEELD, of 
Devizes, at Devizes. 

1726-11-22. Thomas SHUTE, of Melksham, chandler, to Mary 
CAPE, at Warminster. 

1728-1-9. Jane [?] SANGER, daughter of Henry Sanger, of 
Warminster, to Robert APPLEGARTH, Jr., of 
Swallowfield, at Warminster. 

1728-5-14. Martha SANGER, dau. of Henry Sanger, of War- 
minster, to Robert FARNELL, of Bristol, at 
Melksham. 

1728-9-10. Henry SANGER, of Warminster, maltster, to Mary 
GYE, of Lavington, at Lavington. 

1729-8-15. John SHURMER, of Devizes, mealman, son of 
Giles and Hester Shurmer, of Devizes, to 
Christian FRY, of Calstone, at Cain. 

G 



82 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1730-3-7. Mary SMITH, dau. of Richard Smith, of Harden, to 
George HILLIER, of Avon, at Slaterford. 

1731-11-31. Isaac SARJANT, son of Isaac Sarjant, of Grick J 
stone, Horton ph., co. of Gloucester, to Mary 
YOUNG, at Hullington. 

x 73 2 /3-i-i2. Jacob SELF, son of Isaac Self, late of Lavington, 
to Hanah RILY, at Lavington. 

1733-5-19. Henry SIMS, of city of Canterbury, co. of Kent, 
linen-draper, to Martha WALDERN, at Laving- 
ton. 

1734-3-20. Sarah SANGER, dau. of Henry Sanger, of 
Warminster, to Charles TYLER, of Bearfield, at 
Comerwell. 

1734-4-24. William STOVEY, of Hilperton Marsh, Hilperton 
ph., yeoman, to Sarah FLOWER, of Corsham, 
at Corsham. 

1 735-2- 1 6. William STOVEY, of Hilperton Marsh, Hilperton 
ph., yeoman, to Elizabeth JAMES, of Stockley, 
at Calne. 

1 735- I2 - 1 9- William STOVEY, of Corsham ph., baker, son of 
William Stovey, of Hilperton, to Mary DAVIS, 
at Corsham. 

1737-11-22. Isaac SELFE, of Lavington, shopkeeper, to Eliza- 
beth FURNELL, at Broomham. 

1739-2-15. Samuel SHURMER, of Melksham, apothecary, son 
of Giles Shurmer, of Devizes, to Mary 
BEAVEN, at Broomham. 

1742-3-19. Clare SMITH, of Broomham House, Broomham 
ph., yeoman, to Mary EDWARDS, late of Notion, 
at Chippenham. 

1743-1-27. Mary SARJANT, dau. of Joseph Sarjant, of Calne, 
to Thomas NEATE, of Calne, at Calne. 

I 75 2 -5~ I 7- Joanna SYMS, dau. of Matthew Syms, of Bradford, 
to Thomas ALLEN, of Bradford, at Bradford. 

1753-12-2. Obadiah SMITH, son of Richard Smith, of Ashley, 
Bradford ph., to Mary SPENCER, of Ashley, 
Bradford ph., at Bradford. 

1 754-9- 2 5- Hanh. SANGER, dau. of Saml. Sanger, of Melksham, 
to Jonathan RUTTY, of Melksham, at Melksham. 

1 759~8-I9- William SMITH, son of Clare Smith, of Bromham 
House, Broomham ph., to Mary HUNT, at 
Broomham. 



Old Lackhain House and its Owners. 83 

1762-9-30. Ann SMITH, late of Pickwick, Corsham ph., widow 
of John Smith, to Richard FRY, Jr., of Calne, 
at Slauterford. 

1765-5-21. Benjamin SAWYER, of Attworth, yeoman, to Jane 
WEBB, late of Corsham side, at Corsham. 

1772-12-17. Mary SARGENT, dau. of Daniel Sargent, of 
Griddleton, to Charles TRUSTED, of Stoke 
Gifford, at Hullavington. 

1776-11-4. Isaac SARGENT, son of Daniel and Jane Sargent, 
of Grittleton, to Lydia ALLEN, at Bradford. 

1777-10-14. Joseph STURGE, of Elberton, son of Joseph and 
Frances Sturge, of Olveston, co. of Gloucester, 
to Sarah SARGENT, dau. of Daniel and Jane 
Sargent, of Grittleton, at Hullington. 

i78o-i-26[?]. Thomas STURGE, of city of New Sarum, oil 
leather-dresser, son of Joseph and Frances 
Sturge, of Olveston, co. of Gloucester, to Lydia 
MOXHAM, at Melksham. 

1793-12-11. William Tully SiMPSON, 1 of city of Bristol, 
apothecary, son of Robert and Mary Simpson, 
of city of Bristol, to Maria GUNDRY, at Calne. 

1829-7-10. Edward SMITH, 2 of Haymarket, London, chemist, 
son of Frederick and Sarah Smith, of London, 
to Eliza GUNDRY, at Calne. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Ruskin Road, Tottenham, Middx. 

(To be continued.) 



Mr. W. Cunnington has a Quaker Marriage Certificate 
dated 1699, of Thomas ROSE, of Devizes, son of William Rose, 
" Wheler," to Mary FRY, of Bath, daughter of Samuel Fry, 
of Trowbridge, signed by the father and eight relatives, and 
twenty-six other witnesses. It has a 55. stamp. "The differ- 
ence of date between the marriage of the son, and that of the 
daughter Sarah, 1741, is remarkable." 

1 Wm. Tully Simpson (1769-1808) removed to Melksham shortly after 
his marriage, and became the ancestor of the Quaker family of Simpson, 
once numerous and still represented at Melksham, with a branch at 
Devizes. 

2 Edward and Eliza Smith are believed to be pourtrayed in the well- 
known Quaker picture, "The Quiet Hour," painted by Haydon, and 
engraved by J. E. Coombs. The husband is also pictured in " London 
Yearly Meeting," an oil painting by Samuel Lucas, of Hitchin, about 1840. 

G 2 



84 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 25.) 



159. Anno 28. Alexander Longford and John Townsende 
als. Syms, son and heir of William Townsende als. Syms, and 
Edith his wife ; messuages and lands in Hilprington and 
Whadon. ,50. 

1 60. Anno 28. Alexander Walker and Charles Wryothes- 
ley, Wyndesor, one of the King's Heralds ; messuages and 
lands in Crekelade Magna, Chelworth parva, Chelworth and 



161. Anno 28. William Shelley, knt., justice of the 
King's Bench, and Alice his wife, George Shelley, cler., 
Richard Shelley, arm., and Edward Shelley, arm., and Thomas 
West, knt., Lord de la Warr and Elizabeth his wife ; manor of 
Eston alias Eston Basset and Lucyes, messuages and lands in 
Eston alias Eston Bassett, Lucyes, Cotyes Donyet Andrewe, 
and Berwicke Seyntjohn, Barwikescombe, and Asshecombe. 
^340. 

162. Anno 29. Thomas Mompesson, gen., and Thomas 
Ingram ; lands in Sheryngton. 20 marks. 

163. Anno 29. Ambrose Dauntesey and John Abayth 
als. Wheytacre and Anna his wife ; messuages and lands in 
Heywood in the parish of Westburye. ^40. 

164. Anno 29. Thomas Semayne, gen., and Thomas 
Mompesson, gen. ; lands in Calne called Breche, near Port- 
marsshe. 10 marks. 

165. Anno 29. Walter Moham and Edith Poole, widow; 
messuages and lands in New Sarum, Fisherton Anger juxta 
Madyngton, Rolleston and Dymerton. ,40. 

1 66. Anno 29. Robert Southe and John Donkeley and 
Elizabeth his wife, sister and heir of Edward South ; messuages 
and lands in New Sarum. 80 marks. 

167. Anno 29. William Willyngton, arm., and John 
Peyto, arm., and Margaret his wife; half the manor of Est 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire 85 

Lavington, otherwise called Lavington Garnam, otherwise 
called Lavington Forum, otherwise called Esterton in the 
parish of Est lavington, messuages and lands in Lavington. 

^200. 

1 68. Anno 29. William Goddard and Christopher 
Morgan, gen., and Johanna his wife ; a third part of the manor 
of Bury Blondesdon, messuages and lands in Bury Blondesdon. 

^200. 

169. Anno 29. William Dauntesey als. Lord William 
Dauntesey, citizen and alderman of London, and George Earl 
of Huntingdon and lady Anna his wife, and Francis Hastings, 
knt., Lord Hastynges, son and heir apparent of the said Earl ; 
manors of Boxe, Warminster and Gowre, messuages and lands 
in Gowre, Henley alias Hynley and Bowram, also the advow- 
son of the churches of Boxe and Warminster. ,600. 
[Mutilated.] 

170. [Anno 29?] Anthony Wyllughby, knt., and Eliza- 
beth his wife, Walter Wyllughby, [? son and heir] of the same 
Anthony, and Henry Marquess of Exeter ; manor of Warder, 
messuages and lands in [WJarder. [This document is much 
mutilated.] 

171. Anno 29. Edward Dene, of New Sarum, mercer, 
and Thomas Chaffyn, of New Sarum, mercer ; messuages and 
lands in Warminster, Bugley Whitbourne, Corsley, Bischop- 
trowe and Crowchiston. 

172. Anno 29. Thomas Chaffyn and Edward Dene, and 
John Chaffyn and Johanna his wife ; messuage in Warmester. 
^40. 

173. Anno 30. Robert Holme, John Hawles, Robert 
Southe and John Hawles, junior, and Edward Bircher, son 
of John Bircher, gen. ; messuages and land in New Sarum 
called The Falcon in Castle Street. ,40. 

174. Anno 30. Richard Jervys, and George Earl of 
Huntingdon and Anna his wife, Francis Hastyngs, knt., Lord 
Hastings, son and heir-apparent of the said Earl, and 
Katherine his wife; manor of Britford, messuages and lands 



86 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

in Britford, Pencherd, Alderbury, Combe and Alvedeston. 

^ I0 - 

175. Anno 30. Edward Baynton, knt., and Thomas 
Hanley, chaplain of the chantry of Master Gilbert Kymer, 
formerly dean of Sarum Cathedral, Richard Bishop of 
Winchester, treasurer of the Cathedral, and Peter Vanne, 
dean ; manor of Westhacche. ,160. 

176. Anno 30. John Godard and William Busshe; 
messuages and lands in Est Bedwyn and West Bedwyn, ,80. 

177. Anno 30. Walter Hungerford, knt., Lord Hunger- 
ford, of Haytysbury, and Peter Morgan, son and heir of 
Edward Morgan ; messuages and lands in Boram, Warminster 
and Bussheupstrowe. ^36. 

178. Anno 30. William Dauntesey and Edmund 
Walwyn ; messuage and land in North Tudworth. ,200. 

179. Anno 30. William Essex, knt., and William 
Sandys, knt., Lord Sandys, chamberlain of the King's 
Household, and Margery his wife; manor of Charleton alias 
Hopgrace, messuages and lands in Charleton alias Hopgrace 
and Hungerforde. ,200. 

1 80. Anno 30. Henry Bruges, arm., and John Browne, 
gen., and Agnes his wife ; messuages and lands in Lyddyard 
Tregos, Lyddyard Mylsent, Mordon and Pirton. ^200. 

181. Anno 30. The King and John Coope, arm., and 
Margery his wife ; a rental of 22 and appurtenances in 
Heyle and Woodford. ,22. 

182. Anno 31. William Stumpe and Henry Pudsey, 
arm. ; messuages and lands in Vpaven. 100 marks. 

183. Anno 31. Stephen Sharpe and Roger de la Lynde, 
gen., and Anna his wife, daughter and heiress of William 
Lythfote, deceased ; messuages in South street in the borough 
of Wilton. 20 marks. 

184. Anno 31. Edmund Foxe and Alianore his wife, 
and Roger de la Lynde, gen., and Anna his wife, daughter 
and heiress of William Lythfote, deceased ; messuages in 
Winchester Street and Brown Street in New Sarum. 



Dugdale of Seend. 87 



185. Anno 31. Robert Nicholas and John Zouche, knt., 
Lord Zouche Seyntmawre and Cantelupe ; messuages and 
lands in Calne. 40 marks. 

1 86. Anno 31. Walter Semar and John Zouche, knt., 
Lord Zouche Seyntmawre and Cantelupe ; a fourth part of 
the manor of Immer alias Imber, and a fourth part of the 
lands in Imber. ,40. 

187. Anno 31. Thomas Dynham, gen., and Johanna 
Fitzwylliam, widow ; a third part of the manor of Scalesayles- 
bury, messuages and lands in Scalesaylesbury. ,140. 

1 88. Anno 31. Michael Dormer, arm., and George Earl 
of Huntingdon and Anna his wife, and Francis Hastings, 
knt., Lord Hastings and Katherine his wife ; manors of 
Rowdon and Chyppingham, messuages and lands in Rowdon 
and Chyppingham. ^380. 

189. Anno 31. William Howbere and Edith Whyttokes- 
mede, widow ; messuage and lands in Pollesholds. 50 marks. 

190. Anno 31. John Marshe, gen., John Soon, Robert 
Aschec, William Wygge and Robert Cottell, and John 
Brownesmithe and Margaret his wife ; messuage and lands 
in Magna Schypryge. ^"40. 

191. Anno 31. William Webbe and John Urrye, senior, 
and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heiress of Richard 

Martin ; messuage in New Sarum. ^40. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.) 



DUGDALE OF SEEND. 

(See Vol. I) pp. 174, 194, and Vol. II, p. 39.) 



We are enabled, by the kind permission of Mr. Coleman, 
of Tottenham, to give extracts from some more Dugdale deeds, 
and also to-add some monumental inscriptions, printed many 
years ago in the Genealogist, which will further elucidate and 
illustrate the pedigree of this family. 



88 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1609. May 1 4th. William Geerishe, of Senehead, 
clothier, grants in exchange to Christopher Dugdaile, clerk, a 
meadow called Northcroft and an acre and 120 perches of 
pasture, &c., in Broods, in Seenerewe, for a plot of meadow 
in Readings mead, 2 acres and 3 yardes in Seenerewe afore- 
said, signed by William Geerishe. Witnesses, William 
Ranger and Thomas Dugdaile. Seal missing. 

1639. March 24th. Indenture between Thomas Dugdale 
the elder, of Seend Row, yeoman, and Elizabeth his wife, 
Christopher their eldest son, Thomas their second son. That 
the following lands shall be for the use of the said Thomas 
Dugdale the elder during his life, and afterwards to the use of 
his wife Elizabeth for her life, and afterwards to Thomas 
Dugdale the younger and his heirs, &c., in default of such to 
Christopher their son and his heirs, &c. ; messuages and 
orchard, 2 acres and a close called Dunhams lying by Millpond 
side over against said orchard ; z\ acres, now or late in tenure 
of Margaret Geerishe, widow; tenement (i rood) near Balde- 
nam Bridge, now or late in tenure of Daniell Twenny ; 4 acres 
of arable land in an enclosed ground of 5 acres, taken out of 
a field called Thorneham, shooting upon Rye ditch, and 
dwelling-house of said Daniell Twenny (William Usher's acre 
in the centre) ; i acre of 4 Ridges in Little Sandfield shooting 
down to said Daniell Twenny's dwelling-house ; 6 acres of 
pasture called Honyes adjoining the orchard of Thomas 
Dugdale the elder's now dwelling-house ; k an acre of meadow 
ground called Rowhamme by the waterside below Little 
Sandfield ; i rood of arable by the wayside shooting to 
Pittwell near Seend Head ; 2 acres of a meadow called the 
Lyntch by the Millpond of Seend Head; i| acre in Little 
Sandfield lying on west side of an acre belonging to Thomas 
Basdall (? Barkesdale) ; i acre in Little Sandfield shooting 
from the way by Pittwell down upon the Lyntch and lying 
on the east side of piece of land of Thomas Sumner ; i acre 
in same Sandfield shooting from the Highway down to 
Ryeditch. Signed by Christopher and Thomas Dugdale the 



Dugdale of Seend. 89 



younger; amongst the Witnesses is John Trimnell, perhaps 
Elizabeth Dugdale's father. Seal missing. 

1680. March loth. Indenture in which Thomas Dugdale 
the elder, of Seend, gent., surrenders the lands mentioned in 
the previous deed to his son Thomas Dugdale the younger, of 
Seend, clothier, upon condition that he pay to his father at his 
dwelling-house, at Seend, ^2000, on the following 2oth of 
January. Signed by Thomas Dugdale, senr. Seal missing. 

1681. Aug. a6th. Release and quitclaim signed by 
Thomas Dugdale the elder and witnessed by Thomas and 
John Somner, and Thomas Child. 

1685. July 4th. Thomas Dugdale, of Seend Head, 
clothier, in contemplation of a marriage between him and 
Jane the daughter of Ambrose Awdry, of Melksham, mercer, 
in consideration of ^600 marriage portion, conveys the above 
lands, or some of them, as well as 5 acres in the Westfield, 
near Baldenam Mill, shooting east and west, having John 
Parradice's lands on south, and John Jones' east and north, 
lands formerly of Robert Nicholas, Esq., on the west, pur- 
chased by Thomas Dugdale the elder, deceased, from John 
May and Jane his wife, and another 5 acres (lately enclosed 
out of Westfield) formerly in possession of John Wadman, of 
Imber, gent., to Thomas Goddard the younger, of Rudloe, in 
Box, gent., John Awdry, of Melksham, mercer, and the said 
Ambrose Awdry, to the use of the said Thomas Dugdale, and 
after his death to that of Jane his wife, and after death of 
survivor to the use of eldest son, &c., &c. Signed by Thomas 
Goddard, John, Ambrose and Jane Awdry, and witnessed by 
George Awdry, Ambrose Awdry, junr., Robert Blackmore. 
Four seals, one missing, a fleur-de-lys ; I. A. interlaced ; and 
on a fess between three Moor's heads in profile couped as 
many crescents. Crest, a Moor's head couped and gorged at 
the neck. Was not the above the father of Sir Richard 
Blackmore, born at Corsham, a well-known physician and 
author in the reign of William III ? 

(To be continued?) 



90 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Wiltshire Briefs. Great Longsdon, co. Derbyshire, 1653, 
Aug. 7, collected in the Church the sum of gs. and id. for the 
inhabitants of Maryborough. 

Clent, co. Worcester, 1679, March 30, coll. for a fire at 
Lurgishall in ye Cou'ty of Wilts, 35. lod. ob. 

1691. Collected upon a Briefe for a fire at B'ps Lavinton 
in Wiltsh., 45. 6d. 



A Chippenham M.P. in Newgate. Among the Petitions 
in Parliament, i4th Edward IV (A.D. 1473-4), is one from 
William Hyde, Esq., " Burges of the Toune and Burgh of 
Chippenham in Wiltshire electe," who "came by your high 
commaundement to this your present Parliament," and whilst 
attending the same was arrested at Lambeth by colour of a 
capias ad satisfaciend' directed to the Sheriff of Middlesex, 
and "by myschevous men, murtherers, unknowen for any 
officers, withoute the shewyng of any warant," taken, carried 
to London at the suit of John Marshall, citizen and mercer, 
for ^69, imprisoned in the counter there, and from thence had 
to Newgate " as and he had bee a traitour," and then brought 
to your Bench before your Justices, and by them remitted to 
Newgate, where for the said 69 and costs, and also for 
4 65. 8d. to Thomas Gay the younger, citizen and tailor, he 
is still detained " to grete delay and retardation of procedyng, 
and goode expedition of such matiers and bosoignes, as for 
your Highnes, and the commen wele of this your Reame, in 
this present Parlement were to be doon and spedde." 

He prays the King's Highness by the advice and assent 
of the lords spiritual and temporal, in Parliament assembled, 
to ordain that the Chancellor of England have power to direct 
the King's writ to the Sheriffs of London commanding them 
to have the said William Hyde before him, without delay, and 
then to dismiss him at large, " so that the said William may 
attende to this your Parlement as his duetie is to doo." And 
that by the said authority neither Chancellor, Sheriff, or any 



Thermuthis. 91 



other person be hurt or damaged by such dismissal ; and also, 
by the same authority, to ordain that the right and interest of 
the crown be saved in this behalf; and that the said creditors, 
Marshall and Gay, have writ or writs of execution, on, of, and 
from the premyses, after the dissolution of this present 
Parliament as fully and effectually as if the said William Hyde 
never had been arrested ; the said arresting and committing 
of him to ward nothwithstanding, &c. 
Response. The King wills it. 



ueries. 



Thermuthis. This unusual Christian name occurs in 
the case of a daughter of Samuel Martin, esq., of Kennett, who 
married Robert Cooke, esq., and died 2ist Dec. 1823, aged 76 
years. (See tablet in Langley Burrell church.) 

It also occurs in the case of a daughter of Rev. James 
Mayo, Vicar of Avebury, born lyth March, 1776, died i8th 
October, 1798, aged 22. 

Are any other instances of the occurrence of this name 

known in Wiltshire ? 

C. H. M. 



Barbara Mayo. The Rev. John Mayo, B.C.L., Rector of 
Beechingstoke, married, circa 1740, Barbara - , surname 
not known. If this marriage is entered in any Wiltshire 

Register, I shall be glad to hear of it. 

C. H. M. 



Rev. James Mayo, Vicar of Avebury, married (i) Mary 
Blanchard, circa 1751, and (2) Ann Rose, circa 1769. I shall 
be glad to know when and where (in Wiltshire) these marriages 

were celebrated. 

C. H. M. 



92 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

An Old House, Sarum. Where can I find any history or 
account of a very interesting old house in High Street, Salis- 
bury, now in occupation of Mr. F. Sutton, the confectioner ? 
Is there any truth in the statement that it was once a pil- 
grimage inn ? 

H. D. 



Stonehenge Jackdaws. Gilbert White speaks of jack- 
daws breeding among the stones at Stonehenge ; do they 

breed there still or frequent the stones in any way ? 

H. D. 



Conigre. Is it probable that this term was always used 
to imply a rabbi ts'-warren, and would the last syllable be an 
abbreviation of "ground"? Congrove, from Coneygrove, 
seems to be a similar term. Also, what are the derivations of 
Halve and Ham, and are they local terms ? L. 



Sir Edward Hungerford, K.B. (1632-1711). This gentle- 
man, known as "The Spendthrift", was the last of the 
Hungerfords, of Farley Castle. He squandered his patrimony 
amidst the follies and vices of the reign of Charles II, and 
afterwards, with the hope of retrieving his lost fortunes, 
obtained from that monarch, in 1681, a charter to convert 
Hungerford House, the old metropolitan residence of his 
family, into a market but the project was unsuccessful. 
About the year 1830 its revival was attempted, and new 
buildings erected at a cost of .97,000 but Hungerford Market 
the second was not much more fortunate than its predecessor, 
and on its site now stands the Charing Cross terminus of the 
South Eastern Railway. If I remember rightly, there was in 
the old Hungerford Market, a bust of Sir Edward Hungerford, 
its founder the present whereabouts of which I should be glad 
to discover. Can any reader of Wilts N. & O. help me in 
the matter ? WILTONIENSIS. 



Lodowick Muggleton. 93 



Lodowick Muggleton (vol. 'ii, p. 585). The Dictionary of 
National Biography says this " heresiarch " rather a big name 
for so small a man was born in Walnut Tree Yard (now New 
Street) off Bishopsgate Street Without, in July 1609, and on 
the 3oth day following was baptized at St. Botolph's, Bishops- 
gate, by Rev. Stephen Gosson, who, before he took orders, was 
a well-known playwright. Muggleton's family came from 
Northamptonshire, where the name can still be found ; he died 
4 March, 1698, and was buried on the i;th in Bethlehem 
New Churchyard. 

A. J. S. 

Kinwardstone (vol. i, p. 139). "Z.'s" suggestion that this 
name is personal may deserve consideration, but the reasons 
quoted in support of it from Mr. Gomme's Local Institutions, 
would not, I think, stand the test of enquiry. It is probable that 
the older aspect (or rather, one of the older aspects) of the 
hundred-district is military, and Mr. Gomme's theory may be 
true that these districts had their origin in some association 
of the colonists into groups, each group consisting of a hun- 
dred families ; but I fail to see how the theory is supported 
by the fact that many of the modern hundred-names are not 
repeated in the names of the townships. "Z." quoting from 
Mr. Gomme, says : " The names of the ancient personal 
hundreds would be derived from some tribal or clan chief, who 
led the ancient families making up the hundreds ; and the 
names of the territorial hundreds so far meet this view as to 
be to a great extent independent names of territory at the 
present day." If modern hundred-names really meet this 
view to a great extent, we naturally look to a county like Wilts 
(which contained many hundreds) for confirmatory evidence 
on the point. The evidence afforded by Wiltshire, however, 



94 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

is by no means confirmatory. It would be interesting to know 
what Wiltshire hundred-names "Z." or Mr. Gomme, con- 
sider to be personal. 

A. W. WHATMORE. 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 



Turpin's Stone (vol. ii, p. 585, vol. iii, p. 45). This stone 
stands in a ditch close by the side of the road leading from 
Bulkington to Keevil, some 70 or 80 yards from the bridge 
marked " Pantry Bridge" in the Ordnance Survey but 
perhaps better known locally as " Brass Pan Bridge." It is 
evidently a boundary stone, marking the point at which the 
boundary between the two parishes, after following for some 
distance the course of the brook, breaks out into the open field, 
and, taking the line of an adjacent hedgerow for about 250 
yards, here crosses the road at "Turpin's Stone", and again 
returns, by the ditch, to the brook at " Pantry Bridge." 

On one side of the stone is a partly obliterated inscription, 
which, when perfect, is said to have been : 

" Dick Turpin's dead and gone 
This stone's put up to think upon." 

But, on looking carefully at the letters which remain, it appears 
to me that the first three words DICK TURPIN'S DEAD " were 
the whole of the original inscription, and that the rest was 
afterwards added by a different hand. 

Why the boundary stone close to the highway here should 
have been made use of to record Turpin's death, may perhaps 
be explained by the fact that two contemporary knights of the 
road were closely connected with the neighbourhood. Boulter, 1 
a well-known highwayman, was the son of a Poulshot miller, 
and Blagdon, an accomplice, is said to have belonged to a 
respectable family of that name who were landowners close by. 

1 " Boulter's Lane," a bye-way leading out of the turnpike road near 
Bowerhill, is said to have been one of his haunts and "Boulter's Coppice,' 
close by, is still well known. 



Brouncker. 95 

The record of Turpin's death on the gallows may therefore have 
been placed here as a warning to his fellow highwaymen in 
Wiltshire, as he does not appear himself to have been con- 
nected with any particular robbery here. 

EDWARD KITE. 



Brouncker (vol. iii, p. 40) Long (vol. ii, p. 486 ; vol. iii, 
p. 40). Sir William Brouncker was knighted between the 
years 1588 and 1593, as evidenced by his return to Parlia- 
ment for Wiltshire in those years, in the first year as Esq. 
only, but afterwards as Knight. No record of the exact 
time or place when he received the honour has so far 
met my notice. The accolade may have been given to him 
in Ireland. It is thus clear that he could not have been 
called Knight in the visitation of 1565, but he ought to have 
been thus described in that of 1623. A careful examina- 
tion of many Visitations in connexion with this subject of 
Knighthood has convinced me that they are not absolutely 
reliable, and that the milites is sometimes omitted, although 
when attributed it is generally accurate. I do not know any- 
thing of the Wiltshire Visitation of 1565, but that of 1623 has 
always struck me as being very loosely and carelessly drawn 
up. For precise genealogical purposes its value is feeble. As 
another instance of its inaccuracy may be noted the reference by 
" Q." (vol. ii, 486). In the Visitation, Susan, dau. of Nicholas 
Snell, is described as the widow of Edmund Long, of Draycott, 
milt. Now Edmund was not a Knight, nor is it correct to style 
him of Draycott. He was the third son of Sir Henry Long, of 
Draycott, but himself resided at Kelwayes, alias Titherton 
Galloway. He was an entirely different person from Edward 
Long, of Monkton, who was certainly not a Knight when he 
made his will in 1622. 

The identity of " Sir Edward Long, of Wiltshire," knighted 
in 1578, I have failed to make out, but have thought that this 
one might have been inaccurately given for Sir Robert Long, of 
Draycott, who was knighted about that time. In his will proved 



96 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

in P.C.C. in 1581, he is described as a Knight, but he was not 
a Knight in 1575, when he served as Sheriff of Wilts. 

An accurate and exhaustive list of Knights if only from 
the accession of the House of Tudor would be invaluable to 
genealogists, but is, I fear, almost impossible to obtain. 

W. D. PINK. 
Leigh, Lancashire. 



I see it stated in your last number (p. 40) that " Q." urged 
" that the fact that in the Visitations Edward Long, of Monk- 
ton, is not described as a Knight is a proo/ihat he was not one." 
Permit me to point out that " Q." did nothing of the kind. He 
said (vol. ii, p. 486) that the evidence of the Visitations was 
against Long, of Monkton, having been knighted, and that " the 
onus of proof necessarily lies with anyone who says that he was. 11 

Q. 



The following note on Knighthood by Mr. Grazebrook, 
F.S.A., may prove of interest; it is copied from Miscellanea 
Gen. et Her., 3rd series, iii, 118 : 

The history of knighthood is really very little known it seems that the 
possession of a certain income before some fixed date entailed the right, 
perhaps the necessity of knighthood. Other facts would seem to restrict 
it entirely to those who personally went to the wars. Of course, in all 
ages, Kings and great Commanders and great Clergy constantly created 
knights, but, in addition to that, there are many cases of knights 
creating other knights, their own sons and others (see Selden's Titles of 
Honour, pp. 638, 642, 650). It is manifest that no list of such wide-spread 
creations could ever be kept ! For what reason I know not, but there 
are many instances of persons known to have been knights who do not so 
describe themselves even in their wills! It is stated positively that a 
knight on his creation, unless he already had paternal bearings, always 
assumed a coat of arms, and there are many instances which make this 

more than probable In a comparatively few charters of all 

dates the witnesses are divided into Dominis and Militibus, .... 
but in by far the greater number no ranks are given, and many witnesses 
appear whom we know to have been persons of great consequence, but, 
nevertheless, have not such titles attached to their names 

EDITOR. 







MONUMENT OF AN ECCLESIASTIC IN EDINGTON CHURCH. 



anli <uertes 

SEPTEMBER, 1899. 



SOME NOTES ON THE MONUMENT OF AN ECCLESIASTIC 
IN EDINGTON CHURCH. 




F the particular class of Monks known as Bon- 
hommes there were two establishments only in 
England ; one at Ashridge, in Buckinghamshire, 
the other at Edington, in this County. 1 

The College of Bonhommes at Ashridge was 
founded by Edmund, son of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of 
Cornwall (younger son of King John), about A.D. 1276-83 ; that 
at Edington, by William de Edington, Bishop of Winchester 
(a native of the village), A.D. 1352-61 f the earlier foundation 

1 Dallaway, Antiquities of Bristol (p. 59 note), mentions St. Mark's, 
or the Mayor's Chapel, on College Green, in that city, as a third establish- 
ment of this order ; but apparently without sufficient authority. 

2 During the latter part of his episcopate (A.D. 1345-1366) Bishop 
Edington appears to have commenced the great work of transforming the 
early nave of Winchester Cathedral as it then existed, into the pointed 
style of his own time a work which was afterwards carried on by his suc- 
cessors Bishops Wykeham, Beaufort and Waynflete. By his will, dated 1366, 
" praecepit ut de bonis suis expenderetur ad perfectionem navis Ecclesiae 
Cathedralis Winton, a se inchoatse, et ad subsidium downs sive Cantarice de 
Edyngdon a se fundatce." Langham Register, cited in Ang, Sac., i, 317. 
Canon Jackson, Wilts Collections, p. 351, says that Bishop Edington's will 
has not been met with. 

H 



98 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

at Ashridge supplying that at Edington with two monks, one 
of whom (John de Aylesbury) became its first Rector. 1 

Both establishments survived until the general dissolution 
of Monasteries in the reign of Henry VIII. Much of the 
monastic building at Ashridge (including a fine cloister, 
and some good i3th century work, with considerable remains 
of fresco painting) remained until the commencement of the 
present century, but soon afterwards met with a sweep- 
ing destruction at the hands of its owner, the Earl of 
Bridgewater; the whole having been pulled down and the 
materials disposed of in lots. 8 Thus ended the architectural 
remains of the earlier of the two foundations. 

The remains of the later foundation of Bishop Edington, 
in his native Wiltshire village, are well known. Of the 
monastic building spared at the dissolution, part was converted 
into a mansion, by the Pawlett family ; the remains of which 
are now a farm house, known as " Priory Farm " ; and in the 
fine conventual church, of almost cathedral-like proportions, 
dedicated in 1361 (on the necessary repair of which the sum 
of ^8,000 has recently been expended) Wiltshire possesses 



1 Leland says that the order of Bonhommes was introduced here by 
Bishop Edington at the desire of the Black Prince, on his return from the 
French wars. This was probably after the battle of Poictiers in 1356, as 
the first tonsure of the brethren took place in 1 358, and the Church was dedi- 
cated in 1361. 

We do not, however, in the Will of the Black Prince, dated 1376 (ten 
years after Bishop Edington's death), find any mention of Edington Mon- 
astery ; but to that of Ashridge he makes the following bequest : " Item, 
nous donnons et devisons notre grand table d'or et d'argent tout pleyn dez 
precieuses reliques, et en my lieu un croiz de ligno sancte crucis, et la dite 
table est garniz de perres et de perles, c'est assavoir, vingt cynq baleis, trent 
quatre safirs, cinquant oyt perles grosses, et plusours autres safirs, etneraudes 
et perles petitz, a la haut autier de notre meson d' Assherugge q'est de notre 
f undacioun, a servir perpetuelement au dit autier, sanz jamez le mettre en 
autre oeps pur nul meschief ; et de ce chargeons les armes [almes] du 
Kectour et du Couvent de la dite meson a respondre devant Dieu." 

2 Ot a sumptuous folio volume on the History of the College of Bon- 
hommes, with a description of the later Mansion at Ashridge, by the Rev. 
J. H. Todd, 70 copies were privately printed by the Earl of Bridgewater, in 
1823, at a cost of 5,000. 



Monument of an Ecclesiastic in Edington Church. 99 

not only the earliest and best authenticated example of the 
architectural transition from the Decorated to the Per- 
pendicular style, which took place at that period, but the 
only ecclesiastical relic of the Bonhommes in England. 

But it is not to the Church of Edington itseli (the bold 
outline and elegant details of which are well known as an 
architectural study), that the following notes are intended to 
refer; but to a monument in the south transept the somewhat 
remarkable memorial of a member of the adjoining monastery 
and the only known example of the habit of the particular 
order to which he belonged. 

The monument (shown in the accompanying illustration) is 
at the end of the south transept, underneath the large three- 
light window in the south wall. It belongs to the Perpen- 
dicular period apparently the latter half of the isth century 1 
and consists of an altar tomb, enclosed within a rich canopy, 
and bearing a recumbent effigy, in stone, 5 feet 6 inches in 
length, the head resting on a large cushion, with tasseled corners, 
and the feet on a barrel, or tun. On the outer end of the barrel 
are two initials having at present the appearance of I.E. (but 
which, as will presently be shown, must originally have been 
T.B.), and on the other end, towards the wall, a triangle a 
symbol of the Holy Trinity. 

The habit of the departed monk, which is more distinctly 
shown in the second sketch (full-faced) taken from within the 
canopy, is of especial interest. The effigy has been usually 
described as that of a Canon of the order of St. Augustine, 
which is not strictly correct, as the Bonhommes appear to 
have followed that rule, but with such variations as rendered 
them perfectly distinct from the ordinary Monks, known as Canons 
Regular or Austin Canons. Here we apparently have the 
exact difference in the habit of the two. The ordinary monk, 
or Canon, of the order, wore a long black cassock, with a 



r 1 The rose and sun, introduced into the panels of the tomb, may point 
to the reign of Edward IV, after the battle of Barnet (14711483). 

H 2 



IOC 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



shorter white rochet over it. The monks were generally 
shaven, but these, being under a less strict rule, wore beards, 
and caps on their heads. 

The monk at Edington, on the 
contrary, is bare headed, closely 
shaven, and wears the tonsure. His 
pointed shoes are partly seen beneath 
the folds of a long under garment, 
with close sleeves, 1 girded with a 
flat belt at the waist. Over this, 
in front, is the scapular, 2 eight 
or nine inches in width, quite 
plain, hanging from the shoul- 
ders, and reaching almost to the 
feet. The upper garment is the 
long monk's cloak with hood, which 
was apparently put on over the 
head, and laced together below the 
neck with a long cord having at its 
ends two large tassels, which are 
seen, over the scapular, a little below 
the middle of the effigy. Round 
the neck is the edge of an under 
garment, apparently slightly frilled. 

Having investigated the details 
of his particular habit, the question 
which will next be asked is who 




1 The hands, which were uplifted in the attitude of prayer, are both 
broken off and gone. This was probably done in removing some of the 
now missing masonry at the back of the tomb within the canopy on 
which may have been sculptured some subject offensive to Reformer -or 
Puritan, perhaps a mediseval representation of the Holy Trinity. 

2 In this we recognize the habit of an Austin Friar, rather than that of 
an Austin Canon. The friars, known also as Friars Eremites, wore, at home, 
a white gown, with a scapular ; abroad, or performing service in the choir, 
a black cowl with large hood, and black leathern girdle. 



Monument of an Ecclesiastic in Edington Church. 101 

was the departed monk to whose memory this costly memorial 
was erected ? That he was some person of consequence con- 
nected with the monastery is clear from the introduction of the 
effigies of SS. Peter and Paul (as represented on the monastic 
seal) 1 into the upper part of the tomb. His monogram and rebus 
(which together are repeated no less than ten times on different 
parts of the tomb) ought to be sufficient to identify him; but even 
here a slight difficulty presents itself as to what the initials of 
the monogram really were ; sometimes they have been printed 
I.E., and occasionally T.B., and this has, in itself, been the 
cause of much uncertainty and random speculation as to the 
real name. 2 The case appears to be simply this : the initials, 
as seen in the most conspicuous place on the tomb, and the 
one that would first catch the eye, i.e., on the outer end of the 
barrel at the monk's feet, appear at first to be I.E., but, on 
looking more closely, it will be seen that their conspicuous 
position alone has led to their being tampered with, and partly 
defaced. We must therefore omit to take these for evidence, 
and look further on the face of the tomb, below the effigy, 
where the same initials are again twice repeated, and still in a 
perfect state ; we shall then be able at once to recognize in 
them a small black letter t for the Christian, and a capital *$ 
(somewhat of Lombardic character) for the surname, leaving 
T.B. and not I.E. as the correct solution. 

Next comes the rebus, viz. three leaves springing out of a 
cask or tun, but these leaves, although often repeated, are not 
in every case alike ; making it difficult to decide whether they 



1 The church appears, in the first instance, to have been dedicated to 
St. James, St. Catherine and All Saints. Had the monastery a different 
dedication ? or, was there a re-dedication to SS. Peter and Paul, after the 
murder of Bishop Ayscough, which happened on the feast of SS. Peter and 
Paul [29 June] 1450? 

2 The late Mr. Britton, Beauties of Wilts, iii, p. 363, says " The mono- 
gram T.B., and the figure of a tun or cask, with a bolt, imply that it com- 
memorates T. Bolton, who was a priest of the adjoining College of 
Bonhommes." But the bolt is simply imaginary, and the name of T. Bolton, 
as a priest of the college, is unknown. 



102 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

were intended to represent oak, ash, elm, bay, or beech. But 
with the initial B before us for that of the surname, we have 
bay, beech, or some other tree or shrub only to choose from 
the name of which, in one way or another, represents that letter. 
If bay, the rebus would read Bay-in-tun, and there happens to 
be a well-known Wiltshire family of that name ; but, although 
the tomb has often been assigned to an imaginary John 
Bqynton, we do not really find the name in any way connected 
with the monastery, either as Rector or otherwise, until some 
time after its dissolution. 1 

Two other solutions of the rebus, not hitherto suggested, 
may be a bur, or shrub, and a fun, for Burton ; or a bush and 
tun, for Bushton ; but neither of these names have been found 
in connexion with Edington monastery. 

The most probable suggestion as to the real name is that 
made by the late Canon Jackson (in a note to Leland's Journey 
through Wiltshire in 1540, Wilts. Arch. Mag., i, p. 188), that 
the rebus is Boc-in-tun, the word "Boc" signifying beech. 
Here we have the name of the almost adjoining village of 
Bulkington, spelt in the Nomina Villarum, A.D. 1316, 
" Bukkington," and still pronounced "Bookintun." From this 
small parish a family of importance took its name at an early 
date ; for Michael, and Peter de Bulkington, are named among 
the Wiltshire Fine Rolls as early as the reign of Henry III. 
(A.D. 1253). 

For the hint that the correct solution of the rebus was to 
be found in the name of Bulkington, or Bukkington, Canon 
Jackson was, it is believed, indebted to the Rev. Edward 
Wilton, then curate of Erlestoke, and Master of the Dauntsey 

1 Lady Isabella Baynton, of Edyngdon, widow, was patron of the living 
of Fovant, in 1554. She was daughter of Sir John Leigh, of Stockwell, co. 
Surrey, and second wife of Sir Edward Baynton, the builder of Old Brom- 
ham House, and grantee of Stanley Abbey, with other monastic property in 
Wilts, at the dissolution. He died in 1544 ; and his widow must, in 1554, 
have been a tenant at Edington under Sir William Pawlett then owner 
of the monastic property by a second grant from the Crown after the 
attainder of Thomas, Lord Seymour of Sudeley, in 1549. 



Monument of an Ecclesiastic in Edington Church. 103 

Grammar School at West Lavington, as well as a native of the 
village of Edington. The Canon, however, subsequently misled 
by the . mutilated initals seen by himself on the end of the 
barrel at the monk's feet, and overlooking those repeated on 
the face of the tomb beneath, came again to the wrong 
conclusion that they were I.E., and thus writes in another note 
to Aubrey's Wilts Collections (p. 352), published in 1862 : 

" The letters of a monogram upon the tomb appear to be I.E. (not 
T.B. as stated by a mistake ot the present writer in Wilts. Archceol. Mag. 
i, 1 88) ; and a rebus, or device, ot a branch of bay issuing from a tun, 
seem to indicate a John Baynton ; but there is no known member of the 
Priory who bore that name "- 

thus leaving the difficulty to be " threshed out " on a future 
occasion. 

Omitting therefore the imperfect monogram on the barrel ; 
the two perfect examples in the front of the tomb are here repro- 








duced ; and, with these before him, the reader will at once 
observe, in the crossing of the first initial, that a small black 
letter , and not an |)L, was the letter originally intended by 
the 1 5th century sculptor of the decorations on the tomb. 

In looking elsewhere for a similar memorial to that in 
question, we shall at once find that costly tombs of this kind 
are very rarely to be met with in the case of members of the 
monastic orders, owing, no doubt, to the strict rules of poverty 
by which many of them were bound. That the individual here 



104 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

commemorated (who had evidently taken the habit and tonsure 1 
of a monk at Edington) was a benefactor to the monastery, and 
was formerly commemorated by an obit, may be gathered from 
the fact that the present writer, more than forty years ago, on 
removing from the two niches at the head and feet of the effigy, 
within the canopy, some of the accumulated Churchwarden's 
periodical lime-wash of several centuries, found underneath it, 
on the original colouring of the monument, distinct traces of 
smoke, as well as the actual runnings of discoloured wax, from 
the two tapers which must have burnt here during the mass of 
requiem. This fact, coupled with the solution of the rebus and 
monogram, here given, if it does not clearly identify the indi- 
vidual himself, will at once afford a strong clue, and reduce the 
enquiry into a very narrow compass ; for the Valor Ecclesiastic us 
of A.D. 1534 contains a list of the obits maintained here at that 
date, one name only among which corresponds at all with the 
correct initials T.B. on the tomb. 2 This is " Thomas 
Bukyngton " who is specially mentioned by Leland, six years 
later (in 1540) as one of four principal benefactors to the 
monastery ; 3 and to him,- therefore, in the absence of any posi- 
tive proof to the contrary, the present writer seems bound 
unhesitatingly to assign this most interesting memorial. 

Edington Monastery is known to have possessed property 
in Bulkington and Keevil ;* part of which was, no doubt, the 

1 In some cases a benefactor to a monastery (not being an actual monk) 
was buried in monastic habit, but the tonsure in this case seems to indicate 
that the deceased had taken the full habit of the order. 

2 If the initials, on the contrary, were I.E., and not T.B., we have obits 
to John Bleowbury, Prebendary of Sarum, and executor to Bishop Edington, 
a benefactor, who, according to Leland, was buried here. Also John 
Botham, or Botuham ; both the latter names occurring among the minor 
obits, but to neither of these does the rebus in any way refer. 

3 Benefactors : " Penley and Kowse ; knights. Jerberd and Bultington " 
Leland. Sir Richard Penley, knight, John Rous, Thomas Jereberd and 
Thomas Bukyngton, all had chantries or obits at Edingtou. Valor 
Ecclesiasticus. 

* The advowson of the Church at Keevil was purchased by the Rector of 
Edington from the Abbess of Shaftesbury, about the year 1395. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 105 

gift of Thomas Bukyngton, but on this point the Cartulary of 
Edington, some valuable extracts from which have already 
appeared in the pages of Wilts. N. &> Q., will it is hoped, in a 
future number, supply some additional information. 

The whole of the fine brasses which once enriched the 
floor of Edington Church, have been ruthlessly torn from the 
slabs of stone, or Purbeck marble, to which they were affixed. 
Among these were doubtless memorials of some of the Rectors 
of the Monastery ; which would have been interesting as illus- 
trating more fully the details of their habit. In some MS. 
notes by the late Mr. Britton, dated 16 Oct., 1820, he mentions 
five or six large slabs then lying in the pavement of the chan- 
cel, all of which had contained brasses. One of these .slabs, 
measuring 7 feet by 3^, had, in the centre, the matrix of a large 
figure, evidently that of an ecclesiastic ; and of the four shields 
at the angles, three were remaining, and 
bore the arms of the monastery, as here 
engraved viz., Or, on a cross engrailed 
gules five cinquefotls of the field. Part, 
if not all, of these slabs are believed to 
have been subsequently used in paving 
the vault beneath the chancel, made by 
the late Mr. George Watson Taylor, as 
a family burial place ; and here, in all probability, they still 
remain. EDWARD KITE. 




RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 

(Continued from page 78). 



LAY SUBSIDY, ^ WILTS. 

A.D. 1411. [Transcript of the certificate of all men and 
women with lands and tenements and rents in Wilts to the 
value of ^20 per annum beyond deductions. 13 Henry IV.] 



io6 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Thomas, Rector of Edyndon has in the said County lands, 
tenements and rents to the value of cv u> xiijs. iiij^., viz., . . 
the manors of Bratton, Bremubrig, Dulton and Penlegh to the 
value of xxxiij u ' vjs. viijd. 

FEET OF FINES, WILTS. [1-20 Henry VI.] 

A.D. 1425. At Westminster, a month after Easter, 3 Henry 
VI. Between Henry, Bishop of Winchester, plaintiff, and 
John luyn and William Westbery, deforciants, of 13 messuages, 
a toft, a mill, 197^ acres and a rood of land, 2i| acres and a 
rood of meadow, 25 1 acres of pasture, 7 acres of wood, and 
2S. Sd. rent, with appurtenances in Westbury, Bratton, and 
Mulbourne. Plea of covenant was summoned. John and 
William acknowledged the right of the Bishop as of their gift, 
and they quit-claimed from themselves, John and William, to 
the said Bishop and his heirs forever. Moreover they granted 
that they will warrant to the Bishop and his heirs the foresaid 
tenements with their appurtenances against Richard Abbot of 
Westminster, and his successors forever. For this the Bishop 
gave the foresaid John and William 200 marks of silver. 

CLERICAL SUBSIDY. Sarum Diocese || \temp. Henry Vl\ 

Taxation of a clerical subsidy throughout the entire Diocese of 

Salisbury. 

DEANERY OF POTTERN. 
Brattone, Prior of Farle ; 
Taxation, cxiiij. s. i. d. 
Tenth, xj. s. v. d. ob q*. 

IBID., f 5 . 

A.D. 1449. Account of Prior and Convent of Mayden 
Bradlegh, collectors of the subsidy of 6s. Sd. from every secular 
chaplain serving brethren and other religious men in parish 
churches or receiving stipends or yearly payments, 1 and from 
whatsoever other chaplains having chantries not taxed in the 

1 annualia. 






Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 107 

archdeanery of Sarum and Wilts granted last convocation at St. 
Paul's, London, sitting from ist July 1449 to the 28th of the 
said month, to be levied at the Feast of the Annunciation next, 
28 Henry VI. 

ARCHDEANERY OF WILTS. 

Deanery of Pottern. 

From Dom Thomas Hode chaplain \ . ' ... , 
of the parish of Litelstoke J 

EDINGDON CHARTULARY, f. no. 

Royal Licence to John Frank, clerk, and others, to assign property 
to the Rector of Edyndon. 

A.D. 1427. Henry, &c., to all to whom these letters 
patents shall come, &c. Whereas our ancestor Edward III 
licensed for himself and his heirs, the Rector and Friars of the 
House or Monastery of Edyndon to acquire land, tenements 
and rent, &c., to the value of 100 marks yearly; We give 
licence for ourself and our heirs to John Frank, clerk, Thomas 
Touke of Hornyngesham, John Franklayns of Covleston, and 
John Spendour of Immere, that they may assign to the now 
Rector and Friars of the House aforesaid 1 3 messuages, a toft, 
a mill, 317^ acres and a rood of land, 2i| acres and a rood of 
meadow, 5! acres of pasture, 7 acres of wood, and 25. id. rent, 
and pasture for one bull, 24 oxen, 180 sheep, with appurten- 
ances in Westbury, Bratton and Mulbourne in Wilts, which 
are held of the Rector of the house aforesaid, and which are 
worth by year in all issues according to their true value 405., 
as by the inquisition made before Robert Assheley our 
Eschaetor in Wilts. To Hold to them and their successors in 
free, pure and perpetual alms in value 10 marks in part satis- 
faction of the 100 marks' worth of lands, &c. And we give 
licence to the said Rector and Friars and their successors to 
receive the said messuages, &c., from the foresaid John Frank, 
&c. Witness, the King himself at Westminster. 20 May, 5th 
year of his reign. 

For ^20 paid into the treasury. 



io8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

IBID.,/ ioi b . 

Charter of John Frank, clerk, Thomas Touke, of Horny rig- 
sham, John Frankelyn, of Covleston, and John Spendour, 
Immere, to Thomas Culmer, Rector of the House or Monastery 
of Edyndon, granting property as detailed in the foregoing 
royal licence. Bratton, loth of June. 5 Henry VI. 

IBID. 

Release and quitclaim of the same to the same of all their 
right in the property as above said. 2oth June. 5 Henry VI. 

IBID., / in. 

Letters of Attorney to John Culmer and John Ussher. 

We, John Frank, clerk; Thomas Touke, of Hornynges- 
ham ; John Frankelyn, of Coveleston, and John Spendoure, of 
Immere, have appointed our attorneys our beloved in Christ 
John Culmer and John Ussher together and separately to 
deliver to Thomas Culmer, Rector of the Monastery of Edyndon 
and the Friars of the same House full and peaceful seisin of 
and in 13 messuages, &c. (see above) in Westbury, Bratton and 
Mulbourne in Wilts, according to the form and effect of our 
charter to the same Rector and Friars. In testimony whereof 
we have set our seals, &c. loth June. 5 Henry VI. 

FEET OF FINES, WILTS. [1-20 Henry VI.] 

A.D. 1437-8. At Westminster in the quindene of St. Martin, 
1 6 Henry VI, and afterwards in the octaves of St. Hilary in 
the same year. Between John Goweyn, John Gayl, and 
Richard Clerk, plaintiffs, and John Gybbes and Margaret his 
wife, deforciants of the half of a messuage, 16 acres of land, 
i acre of meadow and pasturage for four oxen and one horse 1 
with the appurtenances in Bratton and Stoke. Plea of cove- 
nant was summoned. John Gybbes and Margaret acknow- 
ledged the said half of a messuage, &c., with the appurtenances 
to be the right of the said John Goweyn, as that which the 

1 affrus. 






Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 109 

same John, John Gay] and Richard have of the gift of John 
Gybbes and Margaret. And they quitclaimed from themselves 
John Gybbes and Margaret, and the heirs of Margaret, to the 
foresaid John Goweyn, John Gayl and Richard and the heirs 
of John Goweyn forever ; moreover they conceded for them- 
selves and the heirs of Margaret that they will warrant to the 
foresaid John Goweyn, John Gayl and Richard, and the heirs 
of John Goweyn, the foresaid half messuage, &c., against all 
men forever.' 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [12 Henry VII ", C. Series If, 
Vol. ti, No. 21.] 

Calendar of Inquisitions of Henry VII, vol. t, p. 513. 
Post Mortem, Edward Leversegg. 

A.D. 1496. Inquest taken at Devizes the last day of 
October. 12 Henry VII. The Jury say that Edward 
Leversegg was seized in his demesne as of fee of property at 
Hewode, Westbury, Fytyngdon and Estlavington, and of a 
messuage, 24 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow in Bratton, 
worth yearly 265. 8d., held of the Rector of the House of 
Edyngdon as in right of their church, by what service they 
know not. He gave all his property to John Colles, now 
deceased, and Richard Lymbury, and John Frippe, who 
survive, to the use of his last will, as expressed in his testa- 
ment, produced to the Jurors. He died 17 August last, and 
Edward Leversegge, aged 1 1 years and more, is his cousin and 
heir, viz., the son of his elder brother William. 

COURT ROLLS. [Portfolio 208, No. 14.] 

A.D 1522. BRATTON. Court held there 25th day of 
September, 14 Henry VIII. The homage came there by 
Ralph Alridge and presented that the Abbess of Lakocke . . 
. . . . came and presented that William Alrigge j attached 
in Faringdowne ... .in Faringdowne. John Bowcher 
[vj. d.] iij. attached with vii (?) oxen . . . . vj oxen there. 
Richard Abache (?) [iii. d.~\ with vj oxen there. Edward 



no Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Trowe (?) j attached with iij oxen. Item it presented that 
John Bowecher [j d.\ when he brake the lord's pinfold . . . 
Therefore they are in mercy. Item it presented that the same 
John Bowcher [iij. </.] . . . attached with six oxen. Item 
it presented that John Bowcher junior is a common trespasser 

at .... Item in mercy. Item John 

Bowcher, senior, is a common ..... trespasser with 
his pigs .... and William Rawlyns (?) is a trespasser 
with his pigs. Richard Badkock is a trespasser with his 
pigs, John Adams [j. </.], John Tynker [j. d.\ Richard Ballerd (?) 
. . . . Baddekocke, William Allrigge, William Bla . . . 
are common trespassers also with their swine. 

Item it presented that Ralphe Alrigge [iiij. d.] broke the 
lord's pinfold and there took 5 sheep empounded by the reaper 
for trespass done to the lord's . . . 

Item it presented that Rowland Robyns [ij. d.] ij attached 
with ij mares . . , John Halys j attached with vj . . John 
Bowecher, senior, ij attached with his horses. Therefore they 
are in mercy. John Robyns by the hands of Hugh Norman 
gives to the lord to be released from his suit by the year as 
appears before. 1 

Item that William Harman has not repaired his tenement 
as ... in the order. Therefore he is in mercy. . . . 
further he is bidden that the said tenement be sufficiently 
repaired . . . the next court under .... 

Item it presented that John Abache, who had in the last 
court sufficiently to repair his mill [before ?] this under the 
penalty of xs., hitherto has not repaired the said mill. There- 
fore he is in mercy. And further he has a day with the next 
court for repairing the said mill under pain of xx. s. And thus 
he is in mercy as appears above. 8 

Item it presented that Thomas Alrigge [j. dl], customary 
tenant, makes default. 



. * The amount was entered on some part of the roll now lost, or illegible. 
2 The fine, written as usual over the name, is obliterated. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 1 1 1 

Item Thomas Toweker [j. dJ\ et John Mellis, tenants by 
custom of the manor, make default. Item William Clase and 
Richard Paty, tenants also by custom of the manor, make 
default. 

Item it presented that William Rawelyns [vj. d.~\ sur- 
charged the common with xl sheep. Item Rowland [ij. d.~\ 
with xx sheep. 

To this [court] came William Wanncy and received of the 
lord j cottage with vj acres and a half of land and an acre of 
meadow for the rent of v. s. yearly to him for the term of 
his life, according to the custom of the manor. And he gives 
to the lord of the fine viii. 5. 

To this [court] came John Dyner alias Mellis and received 
of the lord a cottage and a garden or empty plat of land adjacent 
newly built by the foresaid John ; to have and hold to the same 
John for the term of his life according to the custom of the 
manor used there, returning vj. d. And he gives nothing to 
the lord of the fine because he has newly built the foresaid 
house. And he did fealty to the lord and thus was admitted 
tenant thereof. 

Afferrers I RALPH ALRIGGE 1 , 

s 1 RICHARD BALLARD j Jury> 

BRATTON. Court of the manor held there on the Sabbath, 
28th March. 14 Henry VIII. 

The homage came there by Richard Wheteacre and 
Richard Ballard, jurymen, and present that the Abbess of 
Laycock [iij. d.], William Couk [ij. </.], William Howper alias 
Badcock [ j. d.\ and William Blacke, free tenants, owe suit and 
make default, therefore they are in mercy as appears above 
their heads. 1 

And whereas in the preceding court William Harman 
was commanded to repair his tenement totally in decay, 
sufficiently by this court, under pain of forfeiting his estate. 



1 The fines, written in the original above the names, are here throughout 
put in brackets after the names. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



And he has not yet repaired it as he had in the command, but 
permits to be totally in decay. Therefore let proclamation be 
made at present for another tenant. And William Wawncy 
is bidden sufficiently to repair his cottage and also to be a 
resident upon the same before the next court under pain of 
vj. s. viii. d. 

And that William Clace his ... . . . stable and also 

bakehouse and barn in the roofing and walls of the same, 
Hugh Williams his barn in the roofing, John Adams his hall in 
the roofing and .... of the house in like manner, 

Thomas Alrigge his barn in the roofing and wattles and walls, 
and his .... in the roofing, Thomas Graunt his hall in 

"growncelle" and roofing, allow to be ruinous; who are bidden 
to sufficiently repair all the foresaid defects by the next court. 

And similarly that no tenant shall lead any male calf 
beyond the age of ij years on the marsh under the pain afore- 
said ..... John Bowecher, senior [iij. d.~], is a common 
trespasser with his swine. Therefore he is in mercy. . . . 
. ' . . . feast of St. Michael the Archangel ...... 



A ff eerers{J R A H-- HETAcRE }ju ry . 



LAY SUBSIDY, WILTS ~jj? [14 and 15 Henry VIII]. 

A.D. 1522-3. To be received of Richard Ballard of Bratton, 
petty collector there and of Mylbourne 1045. zd. ; thereof paid 
to Edward Darell and Anthony Hungerford, knights, by 
Richard Wheteker of Bratton 505. by anticipation. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [19 Henry VIII. C. Series II, 
vol. 46, No. 120]. 

Post Mortem of John Fetypase. 

A.D. 1527. Inquisition taken at New Sarum 15 November, 
19 Henry VIII. The Jury say that John Fetypase is a natural 
idiot and is son and heir of a certain Margery Fetypase, wife of 
a certain John Fetypase, gentleman ; and that the said John 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



and Margery were seized of and in a messuage, 10 acres of 
land, 2 acres of meadow, 2 acres of pasture, with their appur- 
tenances in Bratton, and land in Westbury and Hewode as in 
right of Margery ; and that the premises in Bratton are held 
of the Rector of Edyngton, but by what service they know not, 
and are worth yearly in all their issues IDS. (7). 1 And that 
John Fetypase, senior, died 10 July, 15 Henry VIII, and that 
the said Margery died 20 August, 16 Henry VII (sic). And 
that John Fetypase, junior, is son and heir of the said Margery 
and was 16 years old and more at the death of Margery. 



VALOR ECCLESIASTICUS. [Vol. II, pp. 105, 141, 142.] 

Westbury Vicarage in the Deanery of Wyly. 

George Dudley vicar there with 2 chaplains ^xliiij. xvj. s. 

Thereof he pays for stipend to two priests -\ 

celebrating services in the chapels of Bratton I nothing. 

and Dylton 

ARCHDEACONRY OF SOUTH WILTS. 

DEANERY OF POTTERN. 

RECTORY OF ALL SAINTS IN EDYNGDON. 

John Ryve, Rector there. 



Worth yearly 

In rents and farms 

And in profit of the \ 
demesne land being I 
in the hand of the j 
rector 

And in perquisites 
of the court in 
common years 



Manor of Bratton. 

xij. s. vij. d. qr. 

vij. iiij. s. iiij. d. 
xij. s. 



xlj. viij. xj. qr. 



1 There is a hole here in the parchment. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



RENTS AND PAYMENTS WITHOUT. 

Manor of Bratton. 
To the Lord King \ 
by the hands of I yj. xiij. iiij. 

the Sheriff of Wilts.) 
To the heirs of St. j _ xyij ix 

Maur J 

To John Arunddl, j _ xiiij ob 

knight [ 

To the Hundred of 1 x 

Westbury j 

To the Castle of "| 

Devizes J 

And to the foresaid \ 
sheriff of Wilts for I xxd. 

cert money 

(To be continued).- 



s. d. 
ix xiiij. viij 



NOTES ON AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN 

ACCOUNT OF SOME DISCOVERIES ON THE 

SITE IN 1860. 



" It has long been my conviction," said the late Canon 
Jackson, in a letter to the present writer, many years ago, 
" that the site of the old Monastery at Amesbury is one of the 
most ancient places of interment in England ; and I should feel 
the greatest interest in any opportunity that should be pre- 
sented, of bringing any of those interments to light." 

" A great deal," he adds, "went on at Amesbury in very 
remote times, of which the history is lost to us above ground. 
Perhaps under ground some traces of it might yet be dis- 
covered." It is with much pleasure, therefore, that the follow- 
ing notes on the history of Amesbury Monastery, as illustrative 



Notes on Ames bury Monastery. 115 

of some discoveries made on the site in 1860, and hitherto 
unpublished, are now contributed to the pages of W. N. & Q. 

The Welsh Triads mention Amesbury as one of three 
great religious centres, established in the very earliest times of 
Christianity. "The three chief perpetual choirs of the isle of 
Britain the choir of Llan Iltud Vawr, in Glamorganshire; 
the choir of Ambrosms, in Amesbury ; and the choir of Glaston- 
bury in each of these three choirs there were 2,400 saints ; 
that is, there were 100 for every hour of the day and night in 
rotation, perpetuating the praise of God without rest or inter- 
mission." 

That a religious foundation of some magnitude existed 
here in remote times is by no means improbable. The imme- 
diate neighbourhood of Stonehenge, which must have been well 
known at least throughout the southern part of Britain as a spot 
sacred to Pagan rites, would probably be one of the first places 
selected for religious purposes in early days of Christianity. 1 

In Saxon times, about the year 980, a Benedictine Nun- 
nery was founded here by Ethelfrida, Dowager Queen of King 
Edgar, as an atonement for the murder of her son-in-law, 
Edward the Martyr, at the gate of Corfe Castle. She after- 
wards, in 986, founded a second Nunnery (also of Benedictines) 
at Wherwell, co. Hants. The circumstance is thus alluded to 
in the ancient rhyming chronicle of Robert of Gloucester : 

" Yet Elfred the luther queene that Seynt Edward slough, 
Of hure trespas bifore hure dethe repentant was ynoug ; 
And rered two Nonneryes, Whorwell that one was, 
And Ambresbury that othere, to beete hure trespas." 



1 The following account given by Bishop Tanner, in the folio edition 
of his Notitia Monastica, A.D. 1744, also points, although perhaps rather 
dimly, to some very early religious foundation at Amesbury : 

" Here is said to have been an ancient British monastery for 300 
monks, founded (as some say) by Ambrius, an abbot ; as others by the 
famous prince Ambrosius (who was therein buried) ; and destroyed by that 
cruel pagan, Gurmundus. who overran all this country in the sixth century. 
It has been thought that here was one of the two monasteries which were 
given to the learned Asserius, by King Alfred." 

I 2 



n6 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The church of Amesbury nunnery was dedicated to SS. 
Mary and Meliorus the latter being an extremely rare dedica- 
tion. St. Meliorus or Melior, son and heir of Melianus, duke of 
Cornwall, having embraced Christianity, is said to have been 
cruelly murdered and mutilated by his brother-in-law, a pagan, 
about the year 411. His remains were interred at Linkinhorn, 
co. Cornwall, the church of which place is dedicated in his honour. 
He was subsequently canonized, and is commemorated on the 
3rd January. Leland says " the relics of S. Melorus, son of 
Metian, Duke of Cornwall, were deposited at Amesbury.^ The 
church of Linkinhorn, his first burial place, and that of Ames- 
bury, which subsequently became a receptacle for his relics, 
are, it is believed, the only two known dedications to this 
particular saint. 

In the year 1177 the Abbess and Nuns at Amesbury fell, 
from some cause or another, under the heavy displeasure of 
the first of the Plantagenet Kings of England. " The convent," 
says Mr. Hubert Hall, 2 "had long enjoyed an unenviable 
notoriety through the wit, beauty, and gallantries of the abbess, 
and the daughters of noble families whom she had gathered 
round her. It was also whispered that these fair recluses had 
intermeddled with other worldly matters connected with the 
disagreement between the King (Henry II) and his imperious 
consort. Already, in the preceding spring, after the great 
council held at Northampton, two bishops, acting as royal com- 
missioners, had visited the nunnery to effect a resumption 
of the foundation into the King's hands ; and now the King 
himself, accompanied by the primate and an imposing train 



1 It is much to be regretted that nothing further has been met with 
respecting either the date or the cause of the removal of these relics out of 
Cornwall to so great a distance. If some additional information on the 
subject were forthcoming it might probably turnish an interesting link in 
the early history of Amesbury monastery. 

2 Court Life under the Plantagenets, 1890, p. 163. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 117 

^|* 

of bishops, 1 went thither to assist in person at the deposition 
of the abbess and suspected nuns, and the installation of a 
new abbess and convent drafted from the exemplary house of 
Font Evrault, whose arrival at Southampton had already been 
notified." 

" These somewhat undignified proceedings, however, only 
formed a part of the King's project of dissolution ; for simul- 
taneously with the first visitation of this nunnery, the King 
had required the surrender of the College of secular Canons at 
Waltham, 2 upon an equally vague charge of irregular living ; 
though here, too, it was suggested that the worthy Canons had 
incurred more displeasure through their devotion to their here- 
ditary patroness, the Queen, than through the neglect of eccle- 
siastical discipline. But whatever point might be given to the 
scandal by the King's present relations with the Church in the 
matter of his divorce, the real motive for his present action was 
nothing less than want of funds to provide for a new founda- 
tion, in fulfilment of his recent vow made at the shrine of St. 
Thomas the Martyr, and therefore the son of Nigel had main- 
tained that the King was justified, on the eve of foreign war, in 
appropriating two religious foundations, being the actual pro- 
perty of the Crown, to satisfy the demands of national piety, 
and to further the supposed interests of the Church at large by 
a reformation of alleged abuses." 

The nuns expelled from Amesbury by Henry II appear to 
have numbered about thirty. Their cause of offence is des- 
cribed in the preamble to subsequent charters of King John as, 
" vitae suae turpitudinem, et ordinis sui dissolutionem, et 
infamiam quae divulgabatur public " the baseness of their lives, 



1 Richard, Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of Sarum, Exeter, 
Worcester, London, and others, with many magnates and barons, are men- 
tioned in a charter of King John as his father's principal advisers in the 
matter. 

2 Waltham Holy Cross, Essex. Harold, son of Earl Godwin, had 
founded a College of Secular Canons of the Order of St. Augustine in 1062, 
and for these Henry II now (1177) substituted Canons Regular. 



i 1 8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the dissoluteness of their order, and the disgrace which they had 
openly spread abroad. Certainly they must have very seriously 
transgressed, either in word or deed, if they were at all deserv- 
ing of this royal censure. The erring nuns were, we are told, 
distributed amongst other religious houses under a stricter 
discipline ! 

Johanna de Gennes was the name of the new abbess 
introduced into Wiltshire from the great Abbey of Font 
Evrault in Normandy. She was inducted at Amesbury on the 
nth of the Kalends of June, 1177, by Richard, Archbishop of 
Canterbury (Apostolic Legate), in the presence of the King, 
the Bishops of Exeter, Norwich, 1 and others. She brought 
with her twenty-four nuns, who were to be the new occupants 
of Amesbury Monastery. 

The order of Font Evrault was founded about the latter 
end of the nth century, by Robert d'Arbrissel, who is said to 
have been born of poor parents in a village of Brittany, in the 
diocese of Rennes, from which he derived his name. It was a 
variation of the Benedictine rule, the dress of the sisters being 
a black habit, with a white veil. The order included religious, 
of both sexes, presided over by an Abbess, in whom the whole 
authority was vested, the monasteries being exempt from the 
jurisdiction of the Ordinary. 2 The Founder caused Petronilla 
de Craon Chemille to be appointed as general and head of the 
order, of which he drew up the statutes, and so great was the 
success which attended its foundation, that before his death, in 
1117, no less than three thousand nuns had been received into 
the abbey of Font Evrault alone. 

On the introduction of the new French abbess and nuns 
into Wiltshire, Henry II gave the Chnrcli of St. Mary and 

1 The Bishop of Old Sarum, Jocelin [de Bohun] had at this time, owing 
to increasing age and infirmity, been compelled to withdraw from active 
work, and was assisted in his diocese by a suffragan. John of Oxford, the 
newly-elected Bishop of Norwich, had been Dean of Sarum. 

2 This will, perhaps, account for the absence, in the Wilts Institutions, 
of the induction of any of the Abbesses of Amesbury. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 119 

Meliorus at Amesbury, with other possessions, to their parent 
Abbey at Font Evrault ; the gift being confirmed by subsequent 
charters of King John and Henry III, printed in Dugdale's 
Monasticon and Hoare's Modern Wilts ; and thus, fostered by 
royalty, the two monasteries increased in splendour, and became 
a retreat for ladies of royal or noble birth, as well as a burial 
place for several generations of the early Plantagenet Kings 

and Queens of England. 

EDWARD KITE. 

(To be continued.) 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 83.) 



MARRIAGE RECORDS. 

T. 

1710-8-10. Richard TRUMAN, of Salisbury, weaver, son of 
Thomas Trueman, of Christian Malford, to 
Martha BAYLY, of Langley ph., at Chippenham. 

1715-6-3. Hannah TRUEMAN, dau. of Tho : Trueman, of 
Foxham, Brimhill ph., to Edmond WAINE, at 
Calne. 

1722-3-24.- Mary TYLER, dau. of Jonathan Tyler, of Bradford, 
to Samuel RUTTY, at Bradford. 

1724-11-12. John TUCKER, of Melksham, to Mary JONES, of 
Melksham, at Melksham. 

1725-2-7. Catherine TRUMAN, dau. of Tho: Truman, late of 

Foxham, to Walter PRICE, Xian Malford, at 

Cummerwell. 
1728-10-19. Thomas TAYLER, of Ashen Cains, potter, son of 

Thomas Tayler, of Ashen Cains, to Mary RILY, 

of Suttin Benger, at Charlcott. 

1731-8-17. Mary TAYLER, late of Thornbury, co. of Gloucester, 
spinster, to Stephen PALMER, of Punten [Pur- 
ton], at Purton Stoak. 



i2c Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



1733-8-11. Mary TYFIELD, dau. of John Tyfield, late of Bidde- 
ston, to Robert EDWARDS, of Notton, at Slau- 
terford. 

1733-8-14. William TRUMAN, of Calne, woolcomber, to Sus- 
annah BRADBURY, of Langley, at Charlcott. 

1734-3-20. Charles TYLER, of Bearfield, Bradford ph., clothier, 
son of Jonathan Tyler, of Bradford ph., to Sarah 
SANGER, at Comerwell. 

1735-7-7. Joshua TYLEE, of Widecombe, co. of Somerset, 
baker, son of John and Ann Tylee, of Wins- 
comb, co. of Somerset, to Ann ROSE, of Devizes, 
at Devizes. 

1736-9-4. Katherine TAYLOR, of Pickwick, Corsham ph., 
spinster, to Joseph BLANCHARD, of Pickwick, 
at Corsham. 

1738-5-2. John TUFFEN, of Ringwood, co. of Hants, maltster, 
to Katherine FURNELL, at Broomham. 

1744-8-14. Robert TANNER, of Cadnam, yeoman, to Mary 
EVERY, of Calne, at Charlcut. 

1753-8-2. Grace TRUMAN, of Purten Stoke, spinster, to 
William PRISE, of Sutton Banger. 

1762-5-4. Mary TYLEE, dau. of Joshua Tylee, late of city of 
Bath, co. of Somerset, to John NEWMAN, of 
Melksham, at Broomham. 

1768-8-12. William TOWNSEND, of Mildread ph., Bread Street, 
London, son of William and Elizabeth Town- 
send, of Preston, in Lancashire, to Elizabeth 
BARRETT, at Calne. 

1772-12-17. Charles TRUSTER [TRUSTED], of Stoke Giffbrd, co. 
of Gloucester, grazier, son of Charles and Eliz- 
abeth Trusted, of Walford, co. of Hereford, to 
Mary SARGENT, at Hullavington. 

1773-4-13. Mary TOWNSEND, of Devizes, dau. of Charles and 
Mary Townsend, of West Pennard, co. of 
Somerset, to William POWELL, of Nurstead, at 
Devizes. 

1774-6-14. Elizabeth TYLER, of Lavington, dau. of Charles 
and Susan Tyler, of Lavington, to William 
HARRISON, of Marnhull, at Lavington. 

U. 
1703-12-12. Joseph USHER to Mary COAL [COOL], at Devizes. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 121 



W. 

1701-4-19. Ann WEBB, of Bradford, spinster, [whose parents 
were] of Wolly, Bradford ph., to John BASKER- 
VILE, of Bradford ph., at Comerwell. 

1702-1-8. Thomas WYLY, of Melksham, maulster, son of John 
Wyly, of Colraine, province of Ulster, Ireland, 
to Hannah BUTLER, of Chippenham, at Chippen- 
ham. 

1702-5-14. Jane WEBB, dau. of James Webb, of Bradford ph., 
to Harry LYDYARD, at Comerwell. 

1703-8-12. John WILLIS, Jr., of Calstone, Calne ph., to Sarah 
SELFE, of Lavington, at Devizes. 

1703-12-4 [?]. William WALKER, son of William Walker, of 
Brinkworth, to Hannah SKULL, at Brinkworth. 

1707-9-17. Elizabeth WRENCH (alias HOBBS), of Warminster 
ph., spinster, to Jeremiah OWEN, of War- 
minster ph., at Warminster. 

1707-11-6. Jacob WACKHAM, of Cain, sadler, son of Josiah 
Wackham, of Catcom, Hilmarton ph., to Ann 
GINGELL, of Corsham, [married] in Corsham ph. 

1711-12-15. Elizabeth WILLIS, dau. of John Willis, of Little- 
cut, Enford ph., to Thomas HUNT, at Broom- 
ham. 

1712-7-16. Lucy WHEELER, dau. of John Wheeler, of Nether 
Segrey, to Benjamin STILES, of Speen Mill, at 
Charlcut. 

17^6-3. Edmond WAINE, son of William Waine, of Chel- 
worth, Cricklet ph., to Hannah TRUEMAN, at 
Calne. 

1717-1-18. Thomas WITHERS, of Great Farringdon, co. of 
Barks, bodismaker, son of Thomas Withers, of 
Great Farrington, co. of Barks, to Elizabeth 
HANCOCK, at Purton Stoke. 

1718-1-15. Phillip WATTS, of Greinton, co. of Somerset, to 
Mary COOLE, at Devizes. 

1728-7-22. Sarah WILLIS, of Lavington, widdow, dau. of Isaac 
SELFE, of Lavington, to Edward GRAY, of 
Lavington, at Lavington. 

1729-6-24. Jacob WILKI.NS, of Tedbury, co. of Gloucester, 
cheesfactor, son of Robert Wilkins, of Ted- 
bury, to Judith FRY, of Calstone, at Calne. 



122 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



1731-9-11. Hester WILLIS, dau. of Daniel Willis, of Calne, to 
George GRANT, of Calne, at Charlcut. 

1733-5-12. Mary WHITE, of Bradford, spinster, to William 
ANGEL, of Kin ton Langley, at Corsham. 

1733-5-19. Martha WALDERN, spinster, dau. of Edward Wal- 
dern, late of Andover, co. of Hants, to Henry 
SIMS, of city of Canterbury, at Lavington. 

1737-3-5. Ann WEST, dau. of Richard, late of Corsham ph., to 
Joseph EDWARDS, of Notion, at Slaughterford. 

1737-9-3. John WILLIS, son of Jacob Willis, of Calne, to Mary 
CRABB, at Broomham. 

1746-5-18. Thomas WASTEFIELD, of Foxham, Brimhill ph., 
carpenter, son of Grace HANNAH, of Foxham, to 
Elizabeth HARDEN, of Avon, at Charlcut. 

1747-3-13 [?]. Sarah WAINE, dau. of EdmondWaine, ofPurton 
ph., to John MADDOCK, at Purton Stoak. 

1754-4-25. Young Simmonds WINDLE [i.e. Simmonds WINDLE, 
Jr.], of Mangottisfield ph., co. of Gloucester, to 
Sarah BRISTOW, at Slaughterford. 

1765-5-21. Jane WEBB, late of Corsham side, widdow of Thos., 
to Benjamin SAWYER, of Attworth, at Corsham. 

1793-8-15. Thomas WEBB, of Melksham, grocer, son of 
Thomas and Joice Webb, of Bristol, co. of 
Somerset, to Grace BENNETT, at Pickwick. 

1832-5-9. Mary WITHY, dau. of George and Lydia Withy, of 
Melksham, to Edmund NAISH, of Flax Bourton, 
at Portishead, co. of Somerset. 

Y. 

1700-7-22. Sarah YOUNG to Thomas REYNOLDS, at Brinkworth. 

1702-2-3. Thomas YOUNG, of Charlton, wheelwright, to Mary 
YOUNG, dau. of Daniel Young, of Brinkworth, 
at Brinkworth. 

1719/20-1-8. Jacob YOUNG, of Rough Earthcot, Olveston ph., 
co. of Gloucester, yeoman, to Mary SMART, of 
Michaels Kington. 

1731-11-31. Mary YOUNG, dau. of Thomas Young, of Gritten- 
ham, Brinkworth ph., to Isaac SARJANT, at 
Hullington. 

1738-2-7. Thomas YOUNG, of Grittenham, Brinkworth ph., 
yeoman, to Mary BULLOCK, at Sutton. 



A Calendar of feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 123 

1751-2-28. Edward YOUNG, of Earthcott, Avelstone [Olveston] 
ph., co. of Gloucester, son of Jacob Young, of 
Earthcott, to Elizabeth BULLOCK, at Hullington. 

Z. 

1720-8-20. Elizabeth ZEALEY, dau. of Joseph Zealey, of 
Starkly, to Edward LOCKEY, of Letchled, at 
Hullavington. 

Tottenham, Middlx. NORMAN PENNEY. 

(To be continued). 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 



192. Anno 32. John Kent and Roger Basyng, arm.; 
messuages and lands in Chippenham. ^40. 

193. Anno 32. Thomas Whyt, gen., and William Stile- 
man and Alice his wife ; lands and tenements in Henton, 
Lytylton, Stepleashton, and Christian Mallefords. 

194. Anno 32. John Warneford, gen., and James Yate, 
gen., & Johanna Flower, widow ; messuages and lands 
in Rowde and Foxaunders alias Foxhangers. 

195. Anno 32. Thomas Bayly and Richard Styleman, 
son and heir of Anthony Styleman ; messuages and lands in 
Stepleasheton, and the old porte of the Boro' of le Devises and 
Revedon. ,100. 

196. Anno 32. Thomas Wenman, armiger, and Simon 
Seyms, gen. ; manor of Evyn Swyndon, messuages, and 
lands in Rodborne Chaynewe and Evyn Swyndon. ^200. 

197. Anno 32. Richard Jerveys, of London, mercer, and 
John Barkley, of Stoke, in co. Glouc., armiger ; manor of 
Melston, als. Myldeston and Bryghtmerston als. Brygmarston, 
messuages and lands in Melston alias Myldeston and Bryght- 



124 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

marston als. Brygmarston, with advowson of the church of 
Myldeston. ;6oo. 

198. Anno 32. William Webbe and William Gerberd 
formerly of Odestoke, in co. Wilts, arm., son and heir Richard 
Gerberd, armiger, deceased ; manor of Odestoke, messuages, 
and lands in Odestoke and Byrtford, advowson of the church 
of Odestoke. ^800. 

199. Anno 32. William Dauntesey and Ambrose Daun- 
tesey and John Gilbert, son and heir of George Gilbert ; mes- 
suages and lands in Lavyngton, Cannynge and Worton. 
400 marks. 

200. Anno 32. Christopher Cheverett, armiger, and 
John Abarrowe, armiger, and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages 
and lands in Bemerton, Stoford, Lytyllwysshfords, Stratford 
Undercastell, Madyngton, Alderbury, Fenny Sutton, Gorseley- 
fforest, and Sutton Mawndfyld. 

201. Anno 33. John Mervyn, armiger, and Hugh 
Apharry and Elianore his wife ; manor of West Knoyle als. 
Knoyll Odyerne, messuages and lands in West Knoyle alias 
Knoyll Odyerne. ^50. 

202. Anno 33. Richard Bruges, armiger, and John 
Browne, gen., and Agnes his wife ; manor of High Swyn- 
don, messuages and lands in High Swyndon, West Swyndon, 
Estcott and Westcott. ^71. 

203. Anno 33. Thomas Davye and Francis Butler, armi- 
ger; messuages and lands in Cokynton and Sherston. 50 marks. 

204. Anno 33. John Marvyn and John Gary, armiger, 
son and heir of Robert Gary, formerly of Cokynton, co. Devon, 
armiger; a third part of messuage and land in Peertwode als. 
Peert worth. ^46. 

205. Anno 33. Richard Batte and Richard Styleman, 
gen., son and heir of Anthony Styleman, formerly of Styple 
Asheton, gen. ; messuage and land in Westbury " subtus 
le playne." ^30. 

206. Anno 33. Jeremiah Grene and William Popley 
and Peter Morgan and Elizabeth his wife ; manor of Chitterne 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 125 

called Morgans, messuages and lands in Chitterne All Saints, 
and Chitterne (St. Mary). ^220. 

207. Anno 33. William Popley and Peter Morgan and 
Elizabeth his wife ; manor of Mulbourne Courte, messuages and 
lands in Chitterne All Saints and Chitterne St. Mary. ^220. 

208. Anno 33. Giles Brugge and John Galley and 
Isabella his wife, manors of Hyghway and Clevauncye ; mes- 
suages and lands in Highway, Clevauncye, and Helmerton. 

^3- 

209. Anno 33. John Ade and William Stourton, knt., 
and Elizabeth his wife ; manor of Eston Grey, messuages and 
lands in Eston Grey. ^250. 

210. Anno 33. William Button and William Stourton, 
knt., Lord Stourton and Elizabeth his wife ; manors of Bakan- 
ton and Stanmer, messuages and lands in Bakanton and 
Stanmer, advowson of the free chapel of Bakanton. 260 marks. 

211. Anno 33. Henry Brunker, Richard Woodcokys, 
Roger Blade, and John Warnesford and Peter Morgan, armi- 
ger, and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages and lands in Orches- 
ton St. Mary, Tyleshyde, Pottern, Marston, and Stepull 
Assheton. ^140. 

212. Anno 33. William Dauntsey, citizen and alderman 
of London, and Edmund Walwyn, gen. ; messuages and lands 
in Compton. ,100. 

213. Anno 33. William Dauntsey, citizen and alderman 
of London, and George, Earl of Huntingdon, and Francis 
Hasty ngs, knt., Lord Hastings, son and heir apparent of the 
said Earl, and Katherine his wife ; manor of Chyppenham and 
Rowdon, messuages and lands in Rowdon and Chyppenham. 
^400. 

214. Anno 33. John Yate and Milo Abowen and John 
Hyll ; messuage and lands in Wynterborne Erles. 

215. Anno 33. Alice Martin, widow, and Thomas Rodes 
and Johanna his wife, Roger Thornborough and Johanna his 
wife, two of the daughters and heiresses of Richard Pynker ; 
messuage and garden in Mylford. 



126 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

216. Anno 33. Robert Tyderley, junior, gen., and William 
Fawconer, arm.; messuages and lands in the parish of 
Chyclade. ^40. 

217. Anno 34. John Abbot and John Tompson, and 
Edith his wife ; messuage and lands in Marborough. 20. 

218. Anno 34. Richard Barowe and Edward Chafyn and 
William Webb ; manor of Odestoke, messuages and lands in 
Odestoke, Hyggemede and Birtforde, with advowson of the 
church of Odestoke. 

219. Anno 34. William Grene, gen., and Thomas Wood- 
shawe, gen., and Johanna his wife ; half the manor 
of Stanlynche, messuages and lands in Stanlynche and 
Downton. 

220. Anno 34. Edward Baynton, knt., Geoffry Danyell 
and John Pye and Stephen Apharry, armiger, and Johanna his 
wife and Roger Bodenham, armiger, son and heir of Johanna ; 
messuages and lands in Pyrton, Alburn, Vpham, Snape and 
Wootton Bassett. ,280. 

221. Anno 34. John Kente and John Mervyn, armiger; 
messuages and lands in Chyppenham, Devyses, and Erlestoke. 
100 marks. 

222. Anno 34. Thomas Brynde and George Delalynd, 
and Mary his wife ; manor of Staunton Fitz-Herbart, and 
advowson of the church of Staunton Fitzharbert, messuages 
and lands in Staunton Fitzharbert, Marston, and Castell 
Eyton. 226. 

223. Anno 34. William Aleyn and Richard Dauntesey; 
one half a water mill and lands in Calne. ^30. 

224. Anno 34. Francis Morgan, armiger, and Thomas 
Seymour, knt., John Gates, armiger, and George Bourchyer, 
armiger ; manor of Sende, messuages and lands in Sende, 
Sendrewe, Melksham and Wolmere. ^1,100. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.} 



Dugdale of Seend. 127 



DUGDALE OF SEEND. 

(Continued from page 89.^ 



MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS. 

SEEND. 

To the memory of Thomas Dugdale, second 1 of that name, 
in this parish of Seend, Gentleman, who lyeth underneath 
interr'd, and of Prosper, his vertuous, only, and beloved wife, 
daughter and heire of the learned and pious Mr. John Awdry, 
of Melksham, Minister of the Gospel, and Katharine 2 his wife, 
daughter of William Tipper, of this parish, Gentleman. The 
said Thomas and Prosper had issue five sons and five daugh- 
ters. Thomas Dugdale was interr'd the 16 of Feb. 1684, aet. 
54. Prosper Dugdale was interr'd (entering into the Chancel) 
the ryth of March 1676, aet. 44. 
ARMS. Argent, a cross moline gules, in the dexter quarter a 

torteau, impaling, Argent, on a bend azure three 

cinquefoils or. AWDRY. 



Prosper Dugdale, wife of Thomas Dugdale, of this Parish, 
Gent, was underneath interred March the 17, 1676. ^Etatis 
XLIIII. 



Thomas Dugdale, de Seend Head, Gen., Qui primus ex 
antiqua ejusdem cognominis familia de Clithero, apud Lancas- 
triensis, in hac Parochia sedem fixit ; filius erat Revrendi 
Christopher! Dugdale, olim de Polshot, et Ecclesiae ibidem 
Rectoris, cui Christophero ex fratre nepos fuit Gulielmus 



1 He was in reality the third of that name, his elder brother Thomas 
having been baptised at Seend 3rd March, 1622, and buried there on the 
following 16th. 

2 Apparently the daughter of William Tipper by his first wife Mary 
(Sheappard), whose marriage took place at Seend 29th Sept., 1622, and her 
burial at the same place 21st Feb., 1632. 



128 Wiltshire Notes and Ott cries. 

Dugdale, 1 Eques Auratus, de Blythe Hall in Comitatu 
Warwicensi, Rei Antiquariae peritia Illustris. A quo ortus 
est Johannes Dugdale, eques, de Coventry in praedict. Com. 
Thomas Dugdale Uxorem habuit Elizabethan!, Johannis 
Trimnel de Earlstoak in hoc Comitatu Wiltoniensi Filiam, 
unde natus est Thomas Dugdale, Gen., Qui pater fuit Thomae 
Dugdale, civis Londinensis. 

Thomas Dugdale, senior, sepulchre conditus est Aprilis 3 
Anno Dom. 1669, ^Etatis 85. Elizabetha, Uxor, Aprilis 26, 
1664, ^Etat. 70. 

Ann, 2 the first Wife of Thomas Dugdale, of the City of 
London, Sole Daughter of Mr. Jacob Selby, of Bradford, was 
Underneath interred Dec. 5, 1682, JEt. 23. Also the Son of 
the said Thomas and Ann Dugdale was interred Dec. 1682, 
JEt. 30 days. 

ARMS. DUGDALE. 



ST. LAWRENCE JEWRY, LONDON. 

Hie inhumatur Corpus Janae, Uxoris Tho. Dugdale, Civis 
Londini, Filiae Ambrosii Audry de Melkham in Com. Wilts., 
Generosi, Quae obiit Sept. 17, 1692, ^Etat. 31. 

Also the Body of Tho. Dugdale, Dyed Dec. 2, 1711, ^Etat. 
52. And his Daughter Jane, who dyed 7 April, 1713. 



1 John Dugdale, of Clithero, ancestor of these Dugdales (See Vol. I, p. 
174), in the second year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth received a grant of 
a crest, viz., " A Griffin's hedd with winges couped or, langued gules"; in 
the printed Visitation of London, 1633-5 this crest is charged with the 
difference of the 3rd son of a 2nd son, viz., that of Robert Dugdale, of 
London (who signs the pedigree), 3rd son of Christopher Dugdale, showing 
that the latter's eldest brother Henry, of Codford, or his representatives, 
were still living ; information as to this branch will be gladly welcomed; 
it will be remembered that Robert's eldest brother was Rector of Codford. 
In the Grant it is said that John Dugdale was one of those who have long 
borne the ancient arms of DUGDALE; his exact relationship to the great 
Garter has not yet been made out, the (at present) accepted pedigree 
stating that Sir William was an only son of an only son. 

- Brad ford-on- Avon Register: 1681, Oct. 5. Thomas Duggdall to 
Anne Silby. 



Deed Relating to the Manor ojf Bromham. 129 

UPMINSTER, co. ESSEX. 
(History and Topography of Upminster, by T. L. Wilson.) 

To the memory of Elizabeth Dugdale, the virtuous and 
most affectionate wife of Thomas Dugdale, of London, Mer- 
chant, daughter of Richard Gbodlad, 1 of London, Woollen 
draper, who departed this life April 8th, 1701, get. 37, and 
with Elizabeth an infant daughter of the said Thomas and 
Elizabeth, who departed this life August ipth, 1701, lyeth 
underneath interred. Also one Sister and two Brothers of 
the said Elizabeth, viz., Mary Goodlad deceased July pth 1674, 
aet. 3; Willm. Goodlad deceased March 4th 1678, aet. 19; 
Abram Goodlad deceased April 29th 1685, aet. 19. All waiting 
for a glorious resurrection. 

ARMS. A cross molme, impaling, On a bend cotised azure 
three mullets. 



DEED RELATING TO THE MANOR OF BROMHAM, 
A.D. 1535-1579. 



For permission to print the following document we are 
indebted to the kindness of its owner, Mr. Coleman, of Totten- 
ham. It contains an interesting -fragment of unpublished 
history relating to the ecclesiastical manor of Bromham, for 

1 This family was of Leigh, co. Essex, where they were settled for 
many generations. The arms they displayed in the church there, Per pale 
vert and ermine, an eagle displayed or, are certainly the arms we find 
assigned to a family of this name. There is a coat impaled with Dugdale, 
which ought and probably is intended to denote his marriage with 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Goodlad, who lies buried with his ancestors 
at Leigh, but its correct appropriation to the Goodlad family is extremely 
doubtful. [In the sketch of these arms that appear on this monument, 
which was sent me some years ago by Mr. J. G. Bradford, 16, Listria Park, 
London, DUGDALE has the torteau, and the mullets in the impaled coat 
are pierced ; perhaps on a closer inspection these mullets would prove to be 
cinque/oils, in which case the coat might be meant for that borne by 
AWDBY. ED.] 

K 



130 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

nearly half a century, from the reign of Henry VIII to that of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

The lordship of Bromham, which had previously belonged 
to Earl Harold, was, at the time of the Domesday Survey, in 
the hands of the Crown. By William Rufus, the manor, and 
afterwards the advowson of the church, were given to the Bene- 
dictine Monastery of St. Martin at Battle, co. Sussex, which 
had been founded by his father A.D. 1067, and to this establish- 
ment they continued to belong until the general suppression, 
31 Henry VIII (1539). 

From the valuation of the property belonging to the Mon- 
astery of Battle contained in the Valor Ecdesiaslicus, made 
A.D. I534 1 (five years before the suppression), it appears that 
the Abbot and Convent were then in receipt of ^34 ios. 3d. 
yearly from their Bromham estate ; the farm of the manor was 
leased for a term of years to John Slade, 2 a portion of tithe 
there, called Sextry, was held of the Abbey, by the Rector ot 
Bromham, William Gittyns, and the remaining two thirds of 
the income made up from the rents of divers tenant farmers, 
and smaller holders. 

" WILTES. Bromham. 

Firma manerij ib'm cum pertinen' vocat' Bromham in tenura Joh'is 

Slade per indentura pro termi'o annorum re' per annum ... 9. 
Redditus divers' tenen' et divers' parvarum firm' ibidem collect' 

per predict' abbis per annu' ... ... ^23 ioy. &/. 

Porcio decime ib'm vocat' Sextry in tenura Will'mi Gittyns reddendo 

inde p' a'm ... ... ... ... ... ... -2." 

Besides this ecclesiastical manor, known as " Bromham 
Battle," there was also a lay manor, called " Roches manor", 8 
from a family of De la Roche who were owners here at the 
close of the fourteenth century. From two co-heiresses of Sir 
John Roche, who died about the year 1400, this latter property 

1 Vol. I, p. 347. 

2 John Slade, of Bromham, gent., was patron of Hilperton in 1554. 
He left a son, of the same name, a minor, and the advowson of Hilperton, 
with some cottages there, to which he was heir, were for some time in the 
hands of the Court of Wards and Liveries, temp. Queen Elizabeth. 

3 See Inquisition post mortem of Sir Walter Beauchamp, 9 Hen. VI. 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Bromham. 131 

came successively into the families of Beauchamp and Baynton. 
By the Beauchamps, as descendants of the elder co-heiress, it 
was held until the death (without legitimate issue) of Richard 
Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand, in 1508, when the Bayntons 
inherited as representatives of the younger co-heiress of 
Roche. 

The latter family, before succeeding to the Bromham pro- 
perty, had long been seated at Fallersdown, or Falston, a 
moated mansion in the parish of Bishopstone, in South Wilts. 
The first inheritor of Bromham was John, son and heir of Sir 
Robert Baynton, of Falston, who having fought at Tewkesbury 
under the banner of Henry VI, was taken prisoner, and 
attainted. The attainder being subsequently reversed, his 
estates were recovered, and his son restored in blood by Henry 
VII in 1503. He died in 1516, and was succeeded by his eldest 
son Edward (afterwards knighted). This Sir Edward rose high 
in favour with Henry VIII, and was vice-chamberlain to no less 
than three of Henry's queens. On his estate at Bromham, and 
on the site of what is now Bromham House Farm, he built a 
new mansion, partly with the spoils of Devizes Castle, and an 
old manor house at Corsham. It is said to have cost ^15,000 
(an enormous sum at that time) and to have been " nearly as 
large as Whitehall in Westminster and fit to entertain a king." 
Standing close on the old western road it became one of the 
usual halting places for the nobility and gentry on their way to 
Bath. James I visited here in 1616, and again in i6iS l and 1621. 

1 The Devizes Corporation, on the second occasion, lent certain articles 
to the owner of Bromham House, as appears from the following entries in 
the Chamberlains' books of that date : 

" 1618 Paid William Hellier for his paynes in looking to such 
goods as were sent to Bromham to be imployed in the kings' 
s'rice ... ... .. ... ... ... ...2s. 

Paid John Thrusten for a form lost in the King's s'vice ... ... I6d. 

Paid John Dicke for another form lost in the said s'vice ... 16^. 

Paid for wyne given to the King's Ma ts Trumpetters ... ... 3s. 

Paid David Joyner for worke by him don at the King's Ma ts com- 
ing throughe the towne ... ... ... ... ... 8d. 

Paid William Dicke for carryinge the King's Ma ts wyne to Charlton 2s." 

K2 



132 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The house was burnt during the Civil Wars, in 1645, and only 
part of one wing now remains in situ, the picturesque Tudor 
gateway 1 having been subsequently rebuilt at the entrance to 
Spye Park when the Baynton family, forsaking the site of their 
old mansion, adopted this as their new residence at the time 
of the Restoration. 

It is to this Sir Edward Baynton, the builder of Old 
Bromham House and the owner from 1516 to 1544 of the pro- 
perty there known as Roche's Manor afterwards Bromham- 
Baynton that the commencement of the following deed refers. 
With his interest at Court he was no doubt able, at the sup- 
pression of monasteries, to make easy terms with the Crown 
for the purchase of some of their property. In 1536 he 
obtained a grant from Henry VIII of the site of the Cistercian 
Abbey of Stanley, a royal foundation of Henry II and the 
Empress Maud, with the principal part of the estate belonging 
thereto, and other lands in the counties of Wilts, Berks, and 
Somerset. In 1540 he had further grants from the Crown of 
the manors of Bremhill and Semley in this county. At Brom- 
ham, being steward of the ecclesiastical manor belonging to the 
monks of Battle, 2 and foreseeing, no doubt, the approaching 
dissolution of the monastery, he obtained from the Abbot and 
Convent a lease for 89 years, from Michaelmas 1535, of the 
whole of their property in the village, including the manor, 
previously leased to John Slade, the advowson of the Church 
of Bromham, and also the manor of Clench in the parish of 
Milton Lislebonne (formerly Milton Abbots) near Pewsey, at 
a yearly rental of ^34, payable by half-yearly instalments at 
the house of the said Abbot and Convent in Southwark. But 
little of this rent did either "said Abbot or Convent" receive, 



1 It bears the royal arms of the Tudors beneath the oriel window in the 
upper storey, and in the spandrels of the arch forming the gateway those 
of Sir Edward Baynton, its original builder, and his first wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir John Sulyard, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. 

2 See Valor Eeclesiasticus. For this office he received an annual 
payment of 26s. 8d. 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Bromham. 133 

for the long lease, as in many similar instances, had been 
obtained merely as a stepping-stone to an easy purchase, and 
three years later in (1538) Battle Abbey had been dissolved 
and its property at Bromham had become the freehold of its 
new lessee, Sir Edward Ba}'nton, by a grant from the 
Crown. 1 

By this arrangement Sir Edward became owner of both 
Roche's Manor, afterwards Bromham Bqynton, and the manor 
of Bromham Battle. By deed dated nth Nov., 1538, he gave 
to Andrew Baynton, his eldest son and heir apparent, all his 
estate, term, title, and interest in the latter manor, with the 
advowson of the Church of Bromham, and the manor of Clench, 
as leased to him by the Abbot and Convent. He is supposed 
to have died in France whilst attending the king in one of his 
expeditions there in 1544-5. 

Andrew Baynton, his heir, probably by way of security, 
obtained a further grant from Queen Mary, on her accession 
in 1553, of the two manors of Bromeham Baynton and Brome- 
ham Battle? He presented to the living of Bromham in 1554. 
(Wilts. Insf). By deed 3 Elizabeth (1560) he entailed his land 
on his brother. 3 He was twice married, first to a French- 
woman, Philippa, daughter of William Brulet, embroiderer to 
Henry VIII, and secondly to Frances, daughter of Ralph Lee, 
by whom he left an only daughter, Ann, aged 12 years at her 
father's death 21 Feb., 1564-5, and afterwards married to 
William Aristie, some of whose descendants appear to have 
lived at Stanley Abbey. 

Andrew Baynton probably died at Rowden, for he lies 
buried, not with his ancestors at Bromham, but beneath an 
altar tomb in Chippenham Church. The tomb bears the 



1 Originalia, 30 Hen. VIII. Roll 91. (See Jones' Index.) 

2 Originalia, 1 Mary. Roll 33. (See Jones' Index.) 

a The Baynton pedigree in Hurl. MS. No. 1111, says he "married a 
french woman and sould his land to his brother." See also A. S. Ellis' litho- 
graphed pedigree. 



134 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Baynlon shield of six quarterings, and crest, the date 1579 
(perhaps that of its erection), and this inscription : 

" Armiger hoc tumulo jacet hie generosus opaco, 

Andreas Baynton qui nominatus erat. 
Quern genuit miles bene notus ubique Edoardus 
Hujus erat heres : mine requiescit humo." 

Administration of his goods, chattels, &c., was committed 
to his next brother, the second Sir Edward, 1 who, by the name 
of Edward Baynton of Rowden, by deed dated 31 March, 12 
Elizabeth (1569), in consideration of certain sums of money and 
"other good causes and considerations him especiallie mov- 
inge", assigned the property previously leased to his father by 
the Abbot of Battle, to Thomas Ivye, 2 of West Kington, who by 
this deed, dated 20 December, 22 Elizabeth (1579), again assigns 
his interest therein to Thomas, son and heir apparent of Thomas 
South, of Swallowcliffe, and Richard Mompesson, of Knook, 
in co. Wilts ; no consideration or uses being mentioned. The 
freehold of the manor of Bromham Battle, with the advowson 
of the church, continued in the hands of the Bayntons and their 
representatives; and the late Mrs. Starky, of Battle House, 
was in possession of a carved oak chair, with an oak table 
of large dimensions, both traditionally said to have been used 
at the Abbot's Court Leet for Battle Manor. 

To ALL trewe x'pen people to whome this p'sent writinge shall 
come Thomas Ivye, of Kyngton in the Countie of Wiltes esquio r sendeth 
greetinge in o r lorde god eu'lastinge WHERE[AS] John late Abbot of 
the late dissolved monastery of S* Martyn of Battell in the Countie of 
Sussex and the Co'vent of the same place w 01 one assente and consent 
Dyd by theire writinge indented made the thirde day of December in 
the yere of o r lorde god one thowsande fyve hundreth thirtie and fyve, 
and in the seven and twentith yere of the Raigne of o r late sou'eigne 
Lorde of famous memory Kinge Henry the eight Demise graunte and to 



1 He presented to the living of Bromham in 1573. 

- This Thomas Ivye. by his wife Eliza, daughter of ... Mallett, of co. 
Somerset, had, among other children, a son Sir George Ivye, of West, 
Kington, who married Susanna, youngest daughter of Laurence Hyde, of 
West Hatch, and aunt to Lord Chancellor Clarendon. He died 1639. See 
his monument in Bath Abbey. 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Bromham. 135 



ferme lette vnto S r Edward Baynton knight deceased All that theire 
mano r of Bromeham w th th'app'tenanc's in the saide Countie of Wiltes 
together w th th'advowson of the churche of Bromeham And also all 
that theire rnano' of Clenche againste Wyke w th th'app'tenanc's in the 
said Courtie of Wiltes And all other landes ten'tes rentes reu'cons 
services and other hereditam* 8 whatsoeu' w th all and singler their 
app'tenanc's set lyenge and beinge in Bromeham Clenche and Wyke 
aforesaid To HAVE AND TO HOLDE the said mano rs landes ten'tes and 
all other the p'misses w th theire app'tenanc's vnto the saide S r Edward 
Baynton his executors and assignes from the feaste of S* Michaell 
th'archangell laste paste before the date of the said deede Indented 
vnto the ende and terme of ffowre score and nyne yeres from thence 
next insuynge and fullie to be compleet and ended. YELDINGE and 
payinge therefore yerelie vnto the said Abbot and Co'vent and to theire 
success 018 duringe the said terme thirtie and fowre powndes of lawfull 
money of Englande at the feastes of Easter and St. Michaell th'archan- 
gell by even porcons in the howse of the said Abbot and Co'vent in 
Southwarke in the Countie of Surrey yerelie to be paide w th divers 
other clawses and covenants in the said deede Indented conteyned more 
playnlie appearinge AND WHERE[AS] the said S r Edward Baynton by 
his deede bearinge date the eleventh day ot November in the thirty 
yere of the Raigne of o r said late sou'eigne lorde Kinge Henry the eight 
Dyd geve and graunte vnto Andrewe Baynton his sonne and heire 
apparant All his estate terme title fferme and interest of and in the said 
manor ot Bromeham w th th'app'tenanc's together w th th'advowson of 
the Churche of Bromeham and also of and in the said manor of Clenche 
against Wyke w th th'app'tenanc's in the saide Countie of Wiltes And 
also ot and in all other the said landes and ten'tes rentes reu'cons 
services And all other hereditaments whatsoeu' w th all and sing'ler 
theire app'tenanc's set lyenge and beinge in Bromham Clenche and 
Wyke aforesaide w th in the said Countie of Wiltes w oh he the said S r 
Edward Baynton had of the demise and graunte of the said Abbot and 
Co'vent as is before specified And dyd further by the said laste recited 
deede geve and graunte vnto the said Andrewe Baynton All and singler 
the said manors advowson landes ten'tes and other the p'misses w th 
theire app'tenanc's in the saide Countie of Wiltes To HAVE AND TO 
HOLDE vnto the saide Andrewe Baynton his executors and assignes to 
the vse and behoufe of the said Andrewe his execute' 8 and assignes in 
as full large and ample mann' and forme as the said S r Edward Baynton 
then had or coulde have the said manors advowson landes ten'tes and 
other the p'misses by vertue of the said Demise and graunte to him the 
said S r Edward made as is aforesaide as by the said last recited deede 
more at large and playnelie appeareth. AND WHERE[AS] the said 
Andrewe Baynton was amongest other thinges lawfullie possessed of 
the said manors advowson landes ten'tes and other the p'misses by 
the said Indenture as is aforesaid demised and graunted vnto the said 
S r Edward Baynton by the said late Abbot and Co'vent and afterwardes 
died possessed of the same AND WHERE[AS] the administracon of alj 



136 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the goods Chattells and leases of the said Andrew Baynton was lawfullie 
comitted vnto S r Edward Baynton knight nowe livinge brother of the 
said Andrewe AND WHERE[AS] the said laste named S r Edward Baynton 
by the name of Edwarde Baynton of Rowdon in the Countie of Wiltes 
esquio r by his deede bearinge date the laste day of Marche in the 
twelveth yere of the Raigne of o r sou'eigne Lady the quenes ma tle that 
nowe is, as well for and in consideracon of divers somes ot money vnto 
him paide by me the saide Thomas Ivie, as for divers other good causes 
and consideracons him especialle movinge Did geve graunte bargayne 
sell assigne and set over vnto me the said Thomas Ivye aswell the said 
seu'all mano rs of Bromham and Clenche advowson landes ten'tes rentes 
reu'cons services and other hereditam' 8 whatsoeu' w th all and singler 
theire app'tenanc's, to the said seu'all manors of Bromham and Clenche 
and to eu'ie of them belonginge and appertayninge As also all his estate 
right title vse possession interest terme of yeres clayme and demaunde 
w oh he the said S r Edward Baynton laste named had or of right mought 
or ought for to have had of in and to the said seu'all manors of Bromham 
and Clenche and in the said Advowson of the churche of Bromeham 
aforesaid And also of in and to all and singler the said landes ten'tes 
rents reu'cons services and. other hereditam' 8 whatsoeu' w th all and 
singler theire app'tenanc's to the said seu'all mano rs of Bromham and 
Clenche and to eu'ie of them belonginge or appertayninge To HAVE AND 
TO HOLDE all and singler the said manors and advowson landes ten'tes 
and hereditaments and other the p'misses w th all and singler theire 
app'tenanc's and eu'ie part and p'cell thereof And also all the estate right 
title vse intereste possession terme of yeres and Demande of the said 
laste named S r Edward of in and to the p'misses and eu'ie parte and 
parcell thereof vnto me the said Thomas Ivye myne executors and 
assignes to th'onelie vse and behoufe of me the said Thomas Ivye myne 
executors and assigns in as large and ample mann' and forme as the 
said last named S r Edward ought to have had and enioyed the same 
p'misses as by the said laste recited deede more playnelie appeareth 
NOWE knowe ye me the said Thomas Ivye for divers good causes and 
consideracons me especiallie movinge To have assigned and set over, 
and by this my p'sent writinge to assigne and set over vnto Thomas 
South the yonger sonne and heire apparant of Thomas South th'elder 
of Swallowcliffe in the Countie of Wiltes esquior And vnto Richard 
Mompesson of Knooke in the said Countie of Wiltes gent All and 
singler the said manors landes ten'tes and hereditam* 8 aforesaid w th 
their app'tenanc's And also all myne estate right title interest and terme 
of yeres yet to come of in and to the same To HAVE AND TO HOLDE the 
said manors and all other the p'misses w th th'app'tenanc's vnto the said 
Thomas South and Richard Mompesson theire executors and assignes 
tor and duringe all the terme of yeres yet to come in the said Indenture 
of lease made by the said Abbot and Co'vent as is aforesaid AND I THE 
SAID Thomas Ivye do Covenant and graunte by theis p'sents to and w th 
the said Thomas South the yonger and Richard Mompesson theire 
executors and assignes to acquite and discharge or save harmeles the 



Parish of Shrewton. 137 



said manors and other the p'misses of and from all former bargaynes 
sales giftes grauntes charges and encombrances whatsoeu' hd made 
comytted or done by me the said Thomas Ivye IN WITNES whereof to 
this my p'sent deede I have set my seale Yeven the twentith day of 
December in the two and twentith yere of the Raigne of o r sou'eigne 
Lady Elizabeth by the grace of god quene of Englande ffrance and 
Irelande defendo r of the faith &c. 




(Circular seal of red wax, with a stag's head cabossed between two 
initials perhaps T. P.) 

Endorsed "20 December, 22 Eliz. : Mr. Ivie's conveyance 
to Thomas South, esq., and Richard Mompesson, gent., of the 
Manor of Bromham Battell, and Clench, for the remainder of 
the term of 99 years 1 granted by the Abbott and Convent of 
Battell in Sussex." 



(times;* 



Parish of Shrewton. In the Overseers' accounts for the 
Parish of Shrewton appear, about the beginning of this century, 
many sums simply described as paid so and so " P r Yard 
Land," or " on the stem." What do these terms signify ? The 
former was not stone picking, as that is mentioned in neigh- 
bouring entries. 

C. V. GODDARD. 



Shrewton Church. The ancient piscina in Shrewton 
Church has a plain roll moulding running round over the tre- 
foil head which terminates on the right in a simple volute ; on 
the left, however, it rises into two things like fir-cones, or 

1 Fourscore and nine years in the text of the deed. 



138 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

narrow pineapples, the scales being marked by cross-cuts, and 
(?) roots indicated below. Can anyone suggest a meaning ? 
Is it a rebus ? The Church is dedicated to St. Mary. 

C. V. GODDARD. 



Dates of Quaker Marriages. Can Mr. Norman Penny 
or some other correspondent enlighten me on the question of 
Quaker dates ? Prior to 1752 which month did Quakers regard 
as the first month of the year ? In the marriage records in the 
June number of Wiltshire Notes and Queries, under "S", there 
are the following dates 1703-12-14; 1709-1-29; and 1722-11-22. 
Convert these into the ordinary way of expressing dates, are 
these i4th February, 1703/4; March 29th, 1709; and 22nd 
January, 1722/3 respectively? Or are they i4th December, 
1703; 29th January, 1709/10, and 22nd November, 1722? The 
dates on page 80 (W. N. & Q.) 1719/20-1-8 and 1719/20-11-31 
inextricably confuse the chronology to me. "1719/20-1-8" 
can only refer to January, February or March, 1719/20, for they 
are the only months that can have a two-year date. 
" 1719/20-11-31 " can only refer to January or March, 1719/20, 
for February has only 28 days (29 in 1719/20). But there 
never was such a date as March 3ist, 1719/20, for by every com- 
putation March 25th commenced the new year if January ist 
did not. "1719/20-11-31" must therefore be January 3ist, 
1719/20; and "1719/20-1-8" must be March 8th, 1719/20 
nearly two months later. The announcement of the later date 
however appears first. Again, supposing the notices have 
been accidentally misplaced, and that January was regarded as 
the nth month, February the i2th, and March the ist month, 
how comes it that the Quakers could agree to calling the 
month after the i2th (February) in the same year, the first? 
If March 24th, 1719/20, would be written by the Quakers 
"1719/20-1-24," how would the next day be written, March 
25th, 1720? Again, if the date 1719/20-1-8 on page 80 means 



An Old House, Sarum. 139 

March 8th, 1719/20, does 1728-1-9 on page 81 mean March 
9th, 1727/8, or March gth, 1728/9 ? 
Northampton. K. 



Replies;. 



An Old House, Sarum (vol. iii, p. 92). In reply to H.D., 
there are references to the ancient building in High Street, in 
Hall's Memorials of Salisbury (1834), and the History of 
Salisbury, K. Clapperton, Salisbury (1834). The latter speaks 
of it as being probably at first a hostelry for the reception of 
pilgrims visiting the Cathedral, afterwards attaining consider- 
able celebrity as an Inn, which (says Hall) was certainly a 
resort of jovial repute among the cavaliers and gallants of 
fashion of the period. The ornamental woodwork of the gate- 
way may be ascribed to the i5th century, and the passage 
under it conducted to a court, round which ran one of those 
covered galleries often seen in the court-yards of old inns. 
The premises are mentioned as far back as the year 1406, in 
the City Register, as the " George Inn"; and homes for the 
accommodation of pilgrims visiting the shrines of England are 
said to have been dedicated, like that of Glastonbury, to her 
patron Saint. Pepys visited the house in 1668. He writes : 
"Came to the George Inn, where lay in a silk bed, and very 
good diet;" but the diarist bears record to a most unwelcome 
bill of charges at his departure, "at which," he adds, " I was 
mad, and resolve to trouble the mistress about it, and get 
something for the poor, and came away in that humour." 
(Diary, vol. ii, p. 237.) 

The Elms, 71, Ashley Road, F. H. FULFORD. 

Bristol. 



140 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



The Missing Register of Addison's Baptism. Where 

is it? (vol. iii, pp. 42, 43)- 

If the late Mr. Charles E. Rendall saw the entry of the 
baptism of Joseph Addison in 1816, which was soon after his 
father bought the Milston estate, he saw the second Register 
Book, which has long been missing. Richard Webb, the 
rector of Milston, who died in 1862, never saw it; so his 
widow told me. And there is a memorandum in the first 
Register, signed by Rev. J. J. Toogood, that he never saw the 
entry of the baptism in question. Dr. Toogood was rector of 
Milston for the first quarter of this century. 

The last baptism in the first Milston register is in 1653. 
The first entry in the next book is in 1703. Now Lancelot 
Addison was rector of Milston for a short time in 1660. This 
is shewn by the transcript for that year in the Diocesan 
Registry. "Jane, the daughter of Lancelot Addison, rector, 
baptised the 23 of April, 1660." The transcript is signed by 
Addison, and attested by Roger Pinckney and John Milles, the 
churchwardens. Addison must have resigned soon after. 
Then he went to Dunkirk, and as chaplain to Lord Teviotdale 
to Tangier; and in 1770, for the second time, was rector of 
Milston. In 1778 he was made a prebendary of Salisbury, and 
shortly after Dean of Lichfield and Archdeacon of Coventry. 
He published several books besides those mentioned in the 
note on page 42. No doubt he, and his curate when he ceased 
to be resident, duly kept the missing Register. With him it 
ended. The next existing register was begun by his. successor 
in 1703 as soon as he became rector. Unfortunately the trans- 
cript for 1672 which should contain Joseph Addison's baptism 
is also missing. Those of 1671, 1673, 1674, 1675, 1676, 1677, 
are all there, and in them are recorded the baptisms of Joseph's 
brother and sisters, Gulstone, Dorithea, and Anna, and the 
burial of Jane. So that in addition to asking where is the 
missing register, one may say " Where is the missing transcript? 

C. S. RUDDLE. 
Durrington, Salisbury. 



Notes on Books. 141 



THE GENEALOGIST, a quarterly Magazine of Genealogical, 
Antiquarian, Topographical and Heraldic Research. New 
Series. Edited by H. W. FORSYTH HARWOOD, of the 
Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law. London: George Bell 
and Sons, York Street, Covent Garden. Exeter: William 
Pollard and Co. Vols. xi, xii, xiii, xiv. 

The Genealogist, ever since it first saw the light in 1877, 
under the able editorship of Dr. Marshall, now Rouge-Croix, 
has always maintained the high character of excellence it still 
bears ; perhaps it is the best serial on the subjects of which 
it treats, for Dr. Howard's Miscellanea Gen. et Her., most 
valuable as it undoubtedly is, is of rather a different nature. 

We have chosen these four Volumes for notice, because 
amongst other many well-written and learned articles there 
is much concerning our own County. First in importance is 
Mr. Metcalfe's printed copy of Harvey's Visitation of Wilts, 
1565 (Harl. MS. 1565), with the blazon of all the arms; it 
contains, besides some eleven additional ones from various 
Harl. MSS. f 106 pedigrees, i.e., 72 less than Marshall's printed 
copy of the Visitation of 1623 ; in the former is a long list (88) 
of those who were " no gentlemen," some of whom in 1623 
had secured their place amongst the gentry. In examining 
these Visitations we cannot help thinking there must have 
been not a few entitled to gentle rank, who neglected or 
refused to appear before the Heralds, e.g., Dugdale, an account 
of whose family has found a place in our pages, being 
strengthened in this opinion by observing how many of those 
who are recorded in the former Visitation are not recorded 
in the latter. Again, how is it so few of the higher nobility 
are recorded ? 



142 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

In Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, 1665, with additions 
often up to date by Mr. Clay, illustrated with blazon and arms 
in trick, our County is represented, amongst other Wiltshire 
notices, by the Lacock descent of Olive Sharington and 
Robert Stapylton, of Wighill. Amongst the Inquisitions post 
mortem (Hen. VIII Chas. I) and Grants and Certificates of 
Anns (Stowc MSS.) Wiltshire names frequently occur. We 
find also The Monumental Inscriptions ofCalne Church, with all 
the heraldry; and in The Parish Registers of Street, co. Somerset, 
is the Institution to that Parsonage of Walter Raleigh, the 
second son of Carew Raleigh, of Downton, in our Count}', and 
nephew of the famous Sir Walter ; in a long note with pedi- 
gree he is stated to have been Chaplain to William, Earl of 
Pembroke, and to have held the livings of Wilton St. Mary 
and Wroughton. The record of his marriage has not been 
discovered, but he impales his arms with Argent, three battle- 
axes sable (GIBBS), and in the Visitation of Wilts, 1623, his 

wife is called filiam Gibbes ; his Will was proved in 

London by his widow 23rd June, 1648 ; he became Dean of 
Wells in 1641 : 

" He is recorded to have been plundered as a Royalist ; taken 
prisoner at Bridgevvater and murdered loth Oct., 1646, and was buried 
within his Cathedral Church at Wells, but no monument to his memory 
ot any kind remains, and the Registers prior to 1660 are lost or have 
been destroyed." 

Mr. V. C. Sanborn, whose name is well-known to our 
readers, contributes an article, exhibiting careful and indus- 
trious research, on The Samborne Ancestry, commencing : 

" The ancient family of Samborne was early settled in Wiltshire, for 
which reason my theory is that family name was taken from Sambourne, 
now a district of Warminster, but formerly a detached manor t . or 
possessing manorial privileges." 

The Count de la Poer writes on Le Poher, but his con- 
clusions do not seem to meet with the approval of some of his 
fellow contributors ; when he Bays that if Roger, Bishop of 



Notes on Books. 143 



Salisbury, was descended from the Breton Pohers (an opinion 
which he inclines to hold), the tomb in Salisbury Cathedral 
by some thought to be that of Bishop Joceline, may be that 
of Bishop Roger, it seems to us apparent that had a man so 
famous in his time been connected with the ancient and noble 
family of Le Poher it would have been well-known in his day, 
and so great a builder would have stamped some evidence 
of his descent upon his work. 

Messrs. Round and Vincent, well known as destroyers of 
many traditions, or rather myths, held sacred by some of our 
gentle families, approach their subjects scientifically and 
seriously, careful not to wound the feelings of those who 
naturally and in good faith cherish these myths, unlike some 
recent writers, 1 who sometimes intruding into sacred family 
precincts are careless of the wounds they may inflict by their 
surgical operations. The former, in The Earldom of Glamor- 
gan (1644-5), seems to demolish that title, which, with many 
other doubtful ones, is credited to the Dukes of Beaufort in 
our peerages. In another critical article, where he claims to 
be senior heir-general of the Thynnes, he comes to the 
conclusion that neither the generally received origin of the 
name of that family, nor their identity with the Botfields, has 
been in any way proved ; Mr. Rye suggests in a note that 
Thynne is probably a corruption from " Le Theyne," saying 
that the name is still plentiful in East Norfolk corrupted into 
" Thaine." 

We have more than once in W. N. &> Q. alluded to Mr. 
Vincent's article, where he shows, in a conclusive manner, 
that Mark William, sometime Mayor of Bristol, not Mac- 
Williams (whose arms are generally quartered on the Seymour 
coat) was an ancestor of the Dukes of Somerset. 



1 See a justly scathing criticism on these writers in the August number 
of the Contemporary Review. 



144 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The editing and printing of these volumes are all one 
could wish, and the indexes, so important and necessary in 
works of this kind, as ample and good as one might expect 
them to be. 



WINCHESTER LONG ROLLS, 1653 1721. Transcribed and 
edited, with an historical introduction on the development 
of Long Roll, by CLIFFORD WYNDHAM HOLGATE. Win- 
chester : P. & G. Wells, Booksellers to the College, 1899. 

We heartily congratulate Mr. Holgate on the production 
of this book, accompanied by an exhaustive introduction. 
The earliest Roll, 1653, as yet known to exist, and of which 
at present only one copy has been found, is supplied by Mr. 
Lee, of Seend, a member of a well-known Wykehamical 
family, and of kin to the Founder, after which is a gap until 
1667; the following are also wanted, 1669, 1671, 1682, 1687, 
1689, 1703, 1705, 1711, 1713, 1715, 1718, 1722 ; it seems 
unaccountable that a complete series has been preserved 
neither in the archives of Winchester or New College. So 
many Wiltshiremen have been educated at this famous School 
that there ought to be no difficulty in Mr. Holgate receiving 
the biographical details he appeals for, of those mentioned in 
these Long Rolls and in his Winchester Commoners (1800 
1830). 



PLATE 1. 




E. K. del. 



PAVING TILES (i 3 TH CENTURY), FOUND ON THE SITE OF AMESBURY 
MONASTERY, IN 1860. 




Jtotes an* tieries. 

DECEMBER, 1899. 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF SOME 
DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 

(Continued from p. 1 1 9.) 




HE remains of Henry II, with those of his queen 
Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their son Richard Coeur 
de Lion, all within fifteen years (1189-1204) found a 

JS&tQ resting-place within the Abbey Church of Font 
TKH 
^^ Evrault. King John, by a charter dated from his 

Wiltshire Palace at Clarendon, 2 May, 1203, and witnessed by 
the Bishop of Old Sarum (Herbert Poore), and Geoffrey Fitz 
Piers, Earl of Essex, granted to the Abbess of Font Evrault a 
yearly payment of fifty shillings at Michaelmas, out of the 
' treasury, by the hand of the Prioress of Amesbury, for the 
maintenance of a chaplain to celebrate for the soul of his 
mother, queen Eleanor, within the chapel of St. Laurence, of 
which she was the foundress. 

The heart of King John was interred at Font Evrault, 
as was also the body of his sister Johanna, Queen of Sicily, 
and afterwards wife of Raymond, Count of Toulouse. 

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Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 147 

Henry III confirmed, by Charter, to the same Abbey the 
gift of the Church of St. Mary and Meliorus at Amesbury by 
his grandfather Henry II, with all things pertaining thereto 
whether in spiritual or temporal possessions. At Amesbury 
he founded an obit for the souls of his first cousins, Prince 
Arthur and his sister Eleanor, the two children of Geoffrey, 
Earl of Bretagne (killed in a tournament at Paris in 1189), as 
well the souls of himself and his queen, when they should 
die. 1 Prince Arthur had been murdered at Rouen by his 
uncle, King John, 1203, on account of his pretensions to the 
Crown, and his sister Eleanor confined in Bristol Castle by 
the same monarch. On the death of the latter in 1240-41 she 
was interred at Amesbury according to her own request. 
Bishop Tanner (Notitia Monastica, p. 479) mentions a Patent 
Roll of 25 Hen. Ill recording the removal of her body from 
St. James' Priory of Benedictines at Bristol, to the Monastery 
of Amesbury for interment. 8 



1 The history of this foundation is interesting. Richard Plantagenet, 
Earl of Cornwall, younger brother of Henry III, married, as his first wiie, 
Isabel, daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and widow of 
Gilbert de Clare, fifth Earl of Gloucester and Hereford. By her first hus- 
band (Gilbert de Clare) this lady had amongst other children a daughter 
Amice married to Baldwin de Redvers, seventh Earl of Devon. On this 
Countess of Devon, Henry III settled the manor and hundred of Melksham, 
for her life at a yearly rent of 48 payable to the Crown. This rent made 
up to 50 out of the Exchequer was subsequently bestowed on the Prioress 
and nuns of Amesbury for the purpose of founding the obit here mentioned, 
with reversion to them of the manor at the Countess of Devon's death. 
The manor itself was subsequently given to the Prioress and nuns of Ames- 
bury they to keep 50 a year thereout for their own use, and pay the 
income in excess of that sum to the Countess of Devon for her life, and 
afterwards to the Crown. See Wilts Collections, Aubrey and Jackson, 
p. 294-5. 

The Countess of Devon died in 1296 (25 Edw. I). She had a daughter 
Margaret, a nun at Lacock ; to which Abbey she gave her manor of Shor- 
well, in the Isle of Wight, and her heart for interment in the Abbey 
Church. 

2 Rot. Pat. 25 Hen. Ill, m. 1. But this Roll is not mentioned in the 
Calendar of Patent Rolls subsequently printed by the Record Commissioners, 
in 1802. 

L 2 



148 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Henry III was, as is well known, the first of the English 
Kings interred at Westminster ; : but we learn from the Patent 
Rolls that on the Monday next before the feast of St. Lucy the 
Virgin [13 Dec.] 1291 and nearly twenty years after his 
burial the Abbot of Westminster, before divers nobles in the 
Abbey Church there, by order of the King (Edward I), de- 
livered the heart of his father to the Abbess of Font Evrault 
(who had purposely come into "England) ; to be taken thence, 
and buried in her monastery, according to his own promise. 
Rot. Pat. 2c Edw. I, m. 28. 

We next come to Eleanor of Provence, the Queen Dowager, 
who in her widowhood retired to end her days as a "humble 
nun of the order of Fontevraud," in the convent of Amesbury. 
Her dower was confirmed to her, and her profession took 
place in July 1286, after a farewell visit to her relations on the 
Continent ; and here during the five remaining years of her 
life she appears wholly to have devoted herself to works of 
religion. From a contemporary chronicler we learn that she 
filled her hands with good works ; that she spent her whole 
time in orisons, vigils, and works of piety ; that she was a 
mother to the neighbouring poor, especially to the orphans, 
widows and monks. 2 Besides other large charities, she dis- 
tributed to the poor every Friday five pounds in silver a very 
considerable sum in those days. 

Two of her letters, written from Amesbury, to her son, 
King Edward I, are preserved in the Tower of London {Royal 
Letters Nos. 1106 and 1411). Both are in Norman French, and 
undated, but they must have been written between 1286 and 
1291. In one of them she requests the King to intercede with 
the King of Sicily, on behalf of the Abbess of Font Evrault, 
" that the things which the Abbess holds in his lordship may 



1 In the Chapel of St. Edward the Confessor, for whose relics he had 
three years before his death erected a new shrine, the mutilated remains 
of which still occupy the centre of the chapel. 

2 Chron. Anon. Royal MS. 13 E. VI, fol. 64, col. 2. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 149 

be in his protection and guard, and that neither she nor hers 
may be molested or grieved." In the other she pleads on 
behalf of Dame Margaret de Nevile, companion of Master 
John Giffard, 1 "who has not for a long time past seen her child, 
in the keeping of Dame Margaret de Weyland ;" and requests 
that the King will command and pray the said Margaret de 
Weyland that the mother may for a while have the solace of 
her son after her desire. 2 

Much of Queen Eleanor's correspondence, scattered over 
many years, is still preserved in the Tower of London. A 
small portion only has been printed by Rymer, in the Fadera. 

We learn from Speed that during the residence of the 
Queen Dowager in Amesbury Monastery, she was in the habit 
of receiving a royal visit from her son, King Edward I, when 
spending his Easters at Devizes Castle. The King is said to 
have been at Devizes in 1282, when he heard of the rebellion 
of David the Welsh Prince's brother, and having issued prompt 
orders for the equipment of his army, he rode privately to 
Amesbury to offer his salutations to the Queen mother 3 before 
entering on his campaign in the Marches of Wales. From 
this it would appear that Queen Eleanor must have retired to 
Amesbury for some years before she actually took the veil in 
1286. She died 25 June 1291, her body being buried at 



1 Perhaps Griffard of Brimmesfield. John Giffard was at this time 
much concerned in Welsh affairs. He held the Castles of St. Briavels in 
1262. and Dynevor in 1289 ; and had a son of the same name, who may, 
during his minority, and the absence of his father in Wales, have been in 
charge of Dame Margaret de Nevile. 

2 See Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladles of Great Britain, by M. 
A. Everett Wood. 1846. 

3 Walsingham relates that the Queen Dowager, naturally prepossessed 
in favour of her late husband, introduced to the King a man who pretended 
to hare received his sight at the tomb, and by the intercession, of his father, 
Henry III. She imagined doubtless that the King would be pleased; but 
to her great surprise he replied, that " he was so well persuaded of his 
father's justice and probity, that he fully believed, had it been in his power, 
he would rather have deprived the impostor of his sight, than restored it to 
him." 



150 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Amesbury, and her heart in the church of the Friars Minors, 
London. King Edward came from Scotland to give her a 
sumptuous funeral. It must have been on the occasion of her 
death that the heart of her husband (Henry III) was, nearly 
twenty years after his burial, delivered by the Abbot and 
Convent of Westminster to the Abbess of Font Evrault, as 
already mentioned. 

With the Queen Dowager in Amesbury Monastery, were 
three of her grand-daughters ; the Princess Mary, a younger 
daughter of Edward I, by his first wife, Eleanor of Castile ; her 
half sister, the Princess Leonora, also Edward's daughter, by 
his second wife, Margaret of France ; and Eleanor, daughter 
of John de Dreux, Earl of Richmond, and Duke of Bretagne, 
by Beatrice, younger daughter of Henry III. For the main- 
tenance of the latter (Eleanor of Bretagne) during her life, and 
afterwards in pure alms, her grandmother, Queen Eleanor, 
appears to have given to the Prioress and Convent of Ames- 
bury the manor of Chadelworth, with the advowson of 
Poughley Priory (founded by Ralph de Chadelworth 1160) 
both in co. Berks. Eleanor of Bretagne afterwards became 
Abbess of Font Evrault, and was living in 1317. 

The Princess Mary, born n March 1278, took the veil at 
Amesbury, in company with thirteen young ladies of noble 
birth, in 1283-4. During the earlier years of her profession 
she was under the governance of her grandmother, Queen 
Eleanor ; but as she advanced in years she was by no means 
confined within the walls of the cloister. She paid frequent 
visits to the Courts of her father and brother (Edward I and II) ; 
she went on pilgrimages to the most famous shrines j 1 nay, 
when the state of her health required it, she was even per- 
mitted to change her residence for the sake of the air. On 
two occasions she undertook a singular office for a veiled lady 
she attended her step-mother, Queen Margaret, on the birth 

1 Wardrobe book, 34 Edw. I, Queen's Remembrancer Office. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 151 

of her second son, Edmund of Woodstock, in 1301, and 
afterwards accompanied the royal mother on a pilgrimage of 
thanksgiving. A few years afterwards she performed the 
same good office for her niece, Elizabeth de Burgh. In the 
affairs of the Convent the nun Princess took an active part ; 
but though she appears never to have attained to the rank of 
prioress, she was invested with power to visit all the establish- 
ments of the same order in England, and to administer 
discipline, reproof, or correction, as she thought fit. 1 (Rot. 
Claus, 10 Edw. II, pt. ii, m. 7.) 

Prynne (Papal Usurpations, p. 937) says that, in 1301, 
manors to the value of 200 a year, including that of Corsham, 
co. Wilts, were settled by the Crown on the Princess Mary 
towards her maintenance in Amesbury Monastery. The 
Patent Rolls from 1284 to 1326-7 also record further grants 
from the Crown of forty oaks yearly out of the forests of Chute 
and Bokholt, for firewood, casks of wine, and on one occasion 
the sum of ,266 135. $d. in money, towards the sustentation 
of her Chamber. 

The manor of Corsham, given her by her father, was sub- 
sequently granted by her brother, Edward II, to his favourite 
Piers de Gaveston, when the Princess Mary received, in ex- 
change, the manor of Swainton in the Isle of Wight. In 
1316 another Wiltshire manor -that of Sherston Magna was 
also settled on her by the Crown, as part of her maintenance. 

In Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies oj Great Britain, 
already referred to, there is a translation of a letter, in Norman 



1 A Patent Roll of later date (1462-3), confirming certain manors, lands, 
and liberties to the then Prioress of Amesbury, distinctly mentions the 
Princess Mary as having formerly been Prioress of that House " in qua 
Maria filia Edivardi Primi fuit Prlorissa ejusdem domus" '. Rot. Pat. 3 
Edw. IV, Tertia Pt., m. 3. But this is perhaps the only mention of her 
as such, and being of a date so long after her death, it cannot be regarded 
as contemporary evidence. The grants from the Crown during her lifetime, 
recorded in the Patent Rolls, all describe her as " moniolis " or " sancti- 
monialis de Ambresbury." 



152 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

French, from the Tower Collection, written by her to her 
brother Edward II ; as it relates wholly to Amesbury Monas- 
tery it is here given in full. 

" To the very high and noble prince, her very dear lord and brother, 
my lord Edward, by the grace of God King of England, his sister Mary 
sends health and all manner of honour and reverence. 

"Very dear sire, as a long time has passed since God did His will 
upon our prioress Dambert, we immediately after her death, sent to our 
very dear cousin, the Lady Abbess of Fontevraud (Eleanor of Bretagne), 
both on my part and on that of the convent, asking for a lady from this 
our convent, to wit, for the Lady Isabella, whom we understand to be 
well able and sufficient for the office, that she might be granted to us 
for our prioress. And we thought, dear sire, that she (the abbess) would 
have willingly granted us our request, for she is bound to do so since she 
was brought up and veiled amongst us, and. so she should neither wish 
nor permit that the church should be so long without prelates ; but as 
yet we have had no answer, only we understand from certain people 
that she intends to send us a prioress from beyond the sea there, and a 
prior by her counsel out there. And know, certainly, my very dear 
brother, that should she send any other than one belonging to our own 
Convent, it would prove matter of discord in the Convent, and of the 
destruction of the goods ot the Church, which I know well, sire, that you 
would not suffer willingly and wittingly; wherefore I pray you, dearest 
lord and brother, and require you, both for the love ot me and of our 
Convent, which after God trust surely in you, that you would please to 
send word to my said lady abbess, that she do not undertake to burden 
our church with any prioress out of the Convent, nor with prior other 
than the one we have now ; but that she would grant us her whom we 
have requested. Do this, most dearest brother, that our Convent may 
receive your aid and sustenance in this case as they have always done in 
their needs. May Jesus Christ give you a long life, my dearest brother. 
Written at Swainton in the Isle of Wight, the ninth day of May." 

The letter bears no date of year, but was evidently written 
about 1315-17 after Swainton had been granted to the Princess 
Mary, and before her cousin, Eleanor of Bretagne (educated 
and veiled at Amesbury), ceased to be lady abbess of Font 
Evrault. The grievance to which it alludes must have been 
one common to all the religious houses throughout England, 
which were, like the Monastery at Amesbury, under conti- 
nental rule viz., the frequent appointment of a superior 
imposed upon them from the parent abbey " beyond the sea", 
instead of one selected by the Convent from amongst its own 






Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 153 

members. This intrusion of a foreigner was, no doubt, in 
many instances, looked upon as a burden, and proved, in due 
course, " matter of discord in the convent", as depicted by the 
nun Princess in this earnest appeal to her brother, the King. 
Who the " Lady Isabella ", selected by the Amesbury Nuns as 
their Prioress, at this date, really was, has not yet been ascer- 
tained. 

The Princess Mary, having survived by some years the 
whole of her family, appears to have closed a life of unwearied 
activity about 1330; for in 6 Edward III (1331-2) the King 
granted to Edward de Bohun (ancestor of the Earls of Here- 
ford and Essex) the manor of Sherston Magna, co. Wilts, 
"late belonging to Mary, nun of Amesbury, aunt of the King, 
deceased." Rot. Pat. 6 Edw. Ill, 2nd p., m. 17. 

Of the history of the Princess Leonora, daughter of 
Edward I by his second marriage, very little is really known. 
She lived at Amesbury Monastery with her half sister, the 
Princess Mary, and dying, at an early age, in 1311, was buried 
in the Cistercian Monastery of Beaulieu, in the New Forest, 
founded a century earlier by her great-grandfather, King 
John. 

Leland mentions another lady of Plantagenet birth as 
Prioress of Amesbury. He says " Isabelle the 4th daughter 
of Henry, Duke of Lancaster, and Maude daughter to Duke, of 
York, was prioress of Ambresbyri (1202)"; but neither his date, 
nor his genealogical details, are quite accurate. The lady to 
whom he refers was Isabella, grand-daughter of Edmund 
(Crouchback), Earl of Lancaster, younger brother of Edward 
I ; her mother being Maud, daughter (not of the Duke of York, 
but) of Sir Patrick Chaworth. She is, no doubt, the "Domtna 
Isabel/a de Lancaster", who, with 35 other nuns, was con- 
secrated at Amesbury in 1327 ; but it is doubtful whether she 
was Prioress here at all Aconbury in Herefordshire, a house 
of Augustines founded by King John, and Margery, wife of 
William de Lacy, and not Amesbury, being claimed as the 



154 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Convent over which she really presided. See Notes and 
Queries, 3rd series, vol. vii, p. 76. Leland's date (1202) also is 
very incorrect; her father having died in 1345. 

EDWARD KITE. 

(To be continued.) 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 
(Continued from p. 



MUSTERS IN WILTSHIRE. 30 Henry VIII [State Papers of 
Henry VIII, vol. xiv, pt. I, No. 652, m. 24 (i) (n).] 

A.D. 1538. Hundred of Wesbery. 

TITHING OF BRATTON AND STOKE. 

William Howper 

James Welshe 

JohnSepe [ Archers . 

John Peyton 

Robert Ballard 

John Alrig 

Ralph Alridge \ 

William Buckes billmen. 

William Whetlyn 



) 

The said Tething, i harnes, a bowe and sheffe of arrowes. 



LAY SUBSIDY ^a. 

A.D. 1549. [Account of the second payment of the Relief 
granted 3 Edward VI.] 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



WESTBURY HUNDRED. 
Raff Alrige in goodes xx//. relief xxs. 



Bratton 

and 
Stoke. 



Richard Alrige in goodes x//. relief xs. 
John Balard in goodes x//'. relief xs. 
John Boocher the youn- 



ger in goodes x/i. relief xs. 

FEET OF FINES, WILTS. [3 Edward VI.} 

A.D. 1549. At Westminster in the Octaves of St. Michael. 
Between Thomas Long plaintiff and John Arundell knight 
deforciant, of 24 messuages, 4 gardens, 24 orchards, i flour mill, 
i fulling mill, 80 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 50 acres of 
pasture, too acres of wood, 100 acres of broom and heath, and 
2os. rent, with the appurtenances in Westbury under the Playne, 1 
Bratton, Imber and Edyngton. Plea of covenant was sum- 
moned. John acknowledged the right of Thomas as of his gift 
and quitclaimed for himself and his heirs forever to Thomas 
and his heirs, and warranted against all men forever. For this 
Thomas gave John 40 sterling. 

PATENT ROLL. [4 Edward VI, part 2.] 

A.D. 1550. The King, etc. We have granted to William 
Earl of Wiltshire, High Treasurer of England, all the demesnes 
and manors of Tynehede and Edyngton Romseys, with all 
their members and appurtenances in Wiltshire sometime 
belonging to the monastery of Romsey in Southampshire, 
and afterwards parcels of the lands and possessions of 
Thomas Seymour, knight late Lord Seymour of Sudley, at- 
tainted of High Treason. Together with the site of the 
monastery of Edyngton, with all houses, buildings, etc., and the 
demesnes belonging thereto ; and other property in Wiltshire 
and Dorsetshire belonging to the said Thomas Seymour and in 
Middlesex, etc. We have granted also to the said William 
Earl of Wiltshire all our grange and farm of Bratton in Bratton, 
co. Wilts, late parcel of the lands of the said Thomas Seymour, 
and all those arable lands containing by estimation 346^ acres, 
and all those 10 acres of pasture and 37 acres of meadow in 

1 Subtus le Playne. 



156 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Bratton, and all that our meadow containing by estimation 12 
acres, and the first vesture of three acres of meadow in Bratton. 
Also pasture and pasturage 1 for 24 oxen and 70 sheep yearly 
to be grazed in the fields of Bratton aforesaid. And all those 
lands, meadows, pastures, and pasturages, called Broademeade, 
little Broadmede, Oxencroftes, and Great Oxencrofts, in Bratton, 
with their appurtenances ; which granges, lands, etc., were lately 
by us granted to Edward Hastynges knight and Dame 
Isabella Baynton widow, for a term of years, and which lately 
were a parcel of the possessions of the said Thomas Seymour. 
Further we have given to the foresaid William, etc., the whole 
site and capital messuage of our manor of Inmer alias 
Imber, co. Wilts, late parcel of the possessions of Thomas 
Seymour. And all houses, buildings, barns, stables, dove- 
cotes, fish-ponds, gardens, orchards, fruit gardens, 2 lands and 
soil adjacent and belonging. And all those lands, meadows, pas- 
tures, and pasturages, and hereditaments, called " lez demeane 
landes" of the said manor of Inmer or Imber, in Inmer or Imber, 
in co. Wilts, lately in the tenure of Walter Carewey, and all 
those lands containing by estimation 60 acres lying in the 
fields called "Chaperton feldes " in Inmer aforesaid. And the 
pasture and pasturage for 300 sheep in the fields of Inmer, 
sometime in the tenure of the Rector of Edyngton. And other 
parcels of the possessions of the said Thomas Seymour, with 
all liberties and emoluments enjoyed in the premises by the 
Abbots, priors, prioresses, or other governors of the late 
monasteries, or by the said Thomas Seymour. To have and 
hold to him and his heirs, assigns, forever in chief by the service 
of the 4o th part of knight's fee and for the yearly rent for the 
manors of Tynhede and Edington and the other premises in 
Wilts of ^93 45. legal money of England, at the Court of 
Augmentation at Michaelmas. Tested by the King at West- 
minster, May i st. 3 

1 Pasturatio. 2 Gardina. 

3 Sir Thomas Phillips printed a Charter dated 10th May, 4 Edward VI, 
for the same grants to the Earl of Wiltshire. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 157 

PATENT ROLL. [4 Philip and Mary, pt. 14.] 

A.D. 1557. The King and Queen restore the knights of St. 
John of Jerusalem with the site of the Hospital of St. John 
in Clerkenwell and a number of other estates in various 
counties in England ; and grant all those lands, tenements, 
meadows, pastures and pasturages, rents, reversions, services 
and hereditaments, extending to the yearly value of 2 is. g^d. in 
Calne, Burbage, Warminster, Bratton, Brodechalk and else- 
where, lately belonging to the preceptory of Anstye, which 
preceptory and the other premises in Wilts erewhile belonged 
to the late Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England and 
were parcel of the possessions and rents of the said late 
Hospital. Tested by the King and Queen at Greenwich, 2nd 
April. 

CHANCERY PROCEEDINGS. 1 [Elizabeth, P.p. ^.] 

A.D. 1571. To the right honourable Sir Nicholas Bacon, 
knight, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. Sheweth unto your 
right honourable Lordship, your daily orator Thomas Patie of 
Bratton in the County of Wilts, husbandman : That where 
one Richard Patie, father of your orator, deceased, did take in 
the Lord's court of Bratton by copy of court roll bearing date 
i4th March, 36 Henry VIII, of one Rector Reeve deceased, 
then lord of the monastery of Edynton, the reversion of one 
close and one croft of land with the appurtenances commonly 
called Deane Lee, after the decease of one Richard Wheatacre 
and Joane his wife, now being both deceased, for and during 
the lives as well of the said Richard Patie as of said Thomas 
Patie, his son, now complainant, and also for and during the life 
of Margaret Patie, daughter of the said Richard, and the longer 
liver of them successively. But now one Adam Wheatacre, 
son of the said Richard Wheatacre deceased, supposing him- 



1 The petition is undated, but in another hand at the top of the MS. is 
written, 14 June, 13 Eliz. K, 1571. 



158 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

self to have a copy of the said lands, hath wrongfully entered 
into the same, and thereof doth take and receive the profits, 
and in nowise will suffer your said orator to have and enjoy his 
lawful right and interest in and to the same, to the utter 
undoing not only of him but likewise of his poor wife and 
children unless your Lordship's favour be shewn unto him in 
this behalf. And for as much as the said Adam Wheatacre is 
very well " frendid, kynned and alied " with the homagers of 
the said manor, by whom the said title is to be tried, and also 
the Steward of the said manor is his special friend. Therefore 
your Orator feareth the indifferent trial of his interest to the 
premises in the said court. May it therefore please your 
lordship, the premises considered, to grant unto your Orator 
the Queen's Majesty's most gracious writ of subpena to be 
directed unto the said Adam Wheatacre, commanding him to 
appear before your lordship in the Court of Chancery, then 
and there to make answer to the premises and to abide such 
order therein as by your Lordship shall be thought to stand 
with right and equity. And your said poor orator shall daily 
pray, &c. 

Answer of Adam Wheatacre, defendant. 

The said defendant saith that the said bill of complaint 
against him unto this honourable court exhibited is untrue 
and insufficient in the law to be answered not showing that 
the lands and tenements claimed by the plaintiff are customary 
lands of any manor demisable by copy of Court Roll of the 
said manor, &c. Nevertheless, if the said defendant shall be 
by the order of this honourable court compelled to make any 
further answer thereunto, &c., he saith that true it is that the 
said Richard Whytacre and Johan his wife deceased were 
seized of an estate of and in the same close and croft of land 
called Dean Lee mentioned in the said bill of complaint, for 
the term of their lives, which said Richard Whitacre enjoyed 
the same, and the issues and profits thereof did receive during 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



his life, and the said Johan " him overliving", likewise enjoyed 
the same and the profits thereof to her own use, did receive 
until after the said Johan surrendered up her estate and 
interest therein into the hands of the Queen's Majesty, then 
and yet lady and owner of the manor of Bratton, of which said 
manor the said premises are parcel of the customary lands. 
Who after, by her Grace's Steward or surveyor of her said 
manor thereunto lawfully authorised by copy of Court Roll of 
the said manor dated i2th April in the 3rd year of her High- 
ness's reign, granted the said premises with the appurtenances 
unto this defendant to have and hold for the term of his life 
according to the custom of the said manor as by the said copy 
at large doth appear. By virtue whereof the said Defendant 
entered and is of the said premises seized accordingly, and the 
profits thereof doth take as well and lawful was and is for him 
to do without that there was ever any such grant made of the 
premises in reversion to the said Richard Patie, the complainant, 
and Margaret Patie, in such form as in the bill of complaint is 
very untruly surmised. And although there had been any 
such copy so granted in reversion the same by the custom 
could not be of any validity in law, for that the same grant is 
not warranted by the custom of the said manor, both the same 
doth contain more lives than the custom of the said manor doth 
allow, and being made in reversion, not taking effect in the life 
of the grantor thereof, by the laws of this realm and for divers 
other manifest causes is utterly void, &c. And without that 
the said Defendant hath wrongfully entered into the premises 
or doth wrongfully receive the profits and issues thereof as in 
the said bill of complaint is alleged. And without that there 
is any other thing in the said bill to be answered and not in 
this answer sufficiently answered, &c., all which the said 
Defendant is ready to answer and prove as this honourable 
Court shall award, and prayeth to be dismissed from the same 
with his reasonable costs and charges in this behalf wrongfully 
sustained. 



i6o 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



CLERICAL SUBSIDY, |g 3 . 

A.D. 1570. [Names of Stipendiary Priests liable to the first 
payment of the subsidy, 13 Elizabeth]. 

Sir William Unfery 1 of Bratton, vjs. v'njd. 

IBID., 2 5 | 8 . [19 Elizabeth.} 
Bratton. William Dyer - - vjs. v'rijd. 

IBID., j|j. [21 Elizabeth.] 
Bratton. Richard Goldinge - vjs. viijW. 



A.D. 1575. 
1 8 Elizabeth}. 

BRATTON. 
Landdes. 



Gooddis. 



LAY SUBSIDY. [WILTS, j||.] 
[Assessment of the ist payment of the subsidy, 

WESTBURY HUNDRED. 

Wylliam Bannocke xixs. ijs. v\\]d. [subsidy] 
Wylliam Alredge 
Henry Wheataker 



xxs. 



ijs. \u]d. 
xxs. ijs. viijW. 
Sum. viijs. 
vjti. xs. 
vj//. xs. 
iiij/z'. vjs. 



Jame Ballard 
Richarde Axeford 
Agnes Alredge 
John Bowecher, senr. iij//. vs. 
Rycharde Tytworthe iij/j. vs. 
John Alredge iij/z'. vs. 

Rycharde Aplegaidge iij//'. vs. 
Thomas Gardener iij/z'. vs. 
John Rawlyns vij/r'. xjs. virjW. 

John Bucher vij/z. xjs. viijW. 

Sum. Ixxvs. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [34 Elizabeth, pt. i, No. 82.] 

P.M. Sir Christopher Hatton. 

A.D. 1592. Inquisition taken at Northampton, 29 August, 
34 Elizabeth. Sir Christopher Hatton died seized with other 



In roll sir of the same year, he is called Sir William Humfreys. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



161 



property of and in the manor of Streat, in Somerset, and of and 
in the manor of Bratton, with its members and appurtenances 
in Wilts. The manors of Streat and Bratton with their 
appurtenances are held of the Queen in chief by the service of 
the 2oth part of a knight's fee, and are worth in all their issues, 
beyond deductions, ^77 ris. o|</. He died 2oth November, 
34 Elizabeth, at Hatton House in the parish of St. Andrew, 
Holborn, in the ward of Farringdon without, within the suburb 
of the city of London. And William Hatton alias Newport, 
knight, is his cousin and nearer heir, i.e., son and heir of John 
Newporte and Dorothy his wife, sister of Christopher, and the 
said William at the taking of the Inquisition was 26 years old 
and more. 

LAY SUBSIDY. Ji^ WILTS. 

J17 

A.D. 1592, [Subsidy 35 Elizabeth]. 

HUNDRED OF WESTBURY. BRATTON. 



In Lands^ 



In Goods 



John Alridge senior 
William Newman 
John Alridge junior 

Sum of the shares 
Maud Smarte 
John Gardner 
William Ballard 
William Alridge 
Agnes Alridge, widow 
Richard Bromewich . . 
William Butcher 
James Ballard 

Sum of the shares 

(To be continued). 



xxs. iiijs. 

xxs. iiijs. 

xxs. iiijs. 

xijs. 

iij//. viijs. 
\\}li. viijs. 
iij/z. viijs. 
iiij/z. xs. viijdl 
vj/z'. xyjs. 
xiij/z. xxxiiijs. viijV. 
v')li. xvjs. 
vj//'. xvjs. 
vlt. xviis. iiijd. 



M 



1 62 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 123.^ 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 
FIRST SERIES. 

Having concluded the transcription of the Marriage Records 
down to 1837, I begin (by desire of the Editor) the Records of 
Births, taking in the First Series those registered from the 
earliest date, 1648, to 1699. It may be well to remind those 
who consult these Records of what I have previously stated 
(see W. N. & O., ii, 286) that, although all the names given 
refer to the county of Wilts, the whole of the county is not 
included, as part of the southern district was, and is, attached 
to Meetings in contiguous counties, and therefore outside 
"Wiltshire Monthly Meeting." 

I transcribe from the copy of the original entries, which 
was made in London for the use of Wiltshire Friends, and it is 
probable that the writers of this London copy, who would not 
have very exact local knowledge, did not, in every case, cor- 
rectly read the original. This is clearly so in several places, 
as, e.g., under James Baskervile. 

With regard to the spelling of surnames I have followed 
the Register which I arn transcribing, which gives these sur- 
names in the case of the child only, so that the re-appearance 
of the name in connexion with the parents must not be taken 
as any original confirmation of the spelling. 

Prior to the year 1737, the children of members were per- 
mitted to attend Church meetings when old enough and other- 
wise suitable, but from that year children of Quaker parents 
have received membership in the Society as a birthright. Of 
later years this method of admission has met with considerable 
disapproval, and some change is probable. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 163 



A. 

1664-3-14. John AUSON, son of John Auson, of Ogborne. 
1666/7-12-26. Mary AUSON, dau. of John Auson, of Ogborne. 
1668-3-21. Ambrose AUSON, son of John Auson, of Ogborne. 
1668-8-20. William AMOR, son of William Amor, of Bromham. 
1670-3-12. Isaac AUSON, son of John Auson, of Ogborne. 
1671/2-1-2. Sarah AUSON, dau. of John Auson, of Ogborne. 

1674-10-2. Robert ARCH, son of William Arch, of Chippenham 
Meeting. 

1676-4-21. Susanna AMYATT, dau. of James Amyatt, of 
Langley. 

1678-3-14. William ARCH, son of William Arch, of Chippen- 
ham Meeting. 

1678-9-3. John AMYATT, son of James Amyatt, of Langly. 

1680-12-12. Ann ARCH, dau. of William Arch, of Chippenham 
Meeting. 

1681-10-28. James AMYATT, son of James Amyatt, of Langley. 
1687-3-1. William AMYATT, son of James Amyatt, of Langley. 
1695-11-25. Ruth ANGELL, dau. of John Angell, of Calne. 

B. 

1659-5-20. Charles BARRATT, son of Charles and Abigail 
Barratt, of Kinton St. Michaell [Gritlington]. 

i66o-io-i3[23]. Rachell BARRETT, dau. of Charles Barrett, of 
Grittleton. 

1660-11-19. Jane BUSHELL, dau. of Joseph and Mary Bushell, 
of Cullerne ph. 

1663-11-26. Elizabeth BULLOCK, dau. of Adam Bullock, of 
Hullavington. 

1664-2-26. Israeli BARRETT, son of Charles Barrett, of Kinton. 

1664-5-30. Abigail BUSHELL, dau. of Joseph and Mary Bushell, 
of Slaughterford. 

1665-5-18. William BUTLER, son of William and Jane Butler, 
of Corsham. 

1665-9-22. Jacob BUTTON, son of Robert Button, of Calne. 

1665-11-30. Sarah BUTLER, dau. of John and Ellinor Butler, 
of Slaughterford. 

M 2 



164 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1666-4-21. Elizabeth BEZER, dau. of Edward Bezer, of Bishop's 
Cannings 

1666-10-29. Joseph BROWNE, son of John and Mary Browne, 
of Slaughterford. 

1666-11-16. Jane BUTLER, dau. of William and Jane Butler, 
of Corsham. 

1666/7-1-1. Edward BEZER, son of Edward Bezer, of Bishop's 
Cannings. 

1667-1-23. Robert BLANCHETT, son of Robert Blanchett, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1667-9-24. Nathaniell BURDGE, son of William Burdge, of 
Cricklade. 

1668-4-6. David BUTTON, son of Robert Button, of Calne. 

1669-2-27. Mary BUTLER, dau. of William and Jane Butler, of 
Corsham. 

1670-5-23. Hester BAILY, dau. of Nathaniell Baily, of Chip- 
penham. 

1671-2-23. Joseph BLANCHETT, son of Robert Blanchett, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1671-3-30. Hannah BUTLER, dau. of William and Jane Butler, 
of Corsham. 

1671-7-17. Jane BUTLER, dau. of John and Ellinor Butler, of 
Bidstone. 

1671-7-24. John BAILY, son of Edward Baily, of Compton. 

1672-6-29 [30]. Elizabeth BEVERSTOCK, dau. of John and Eliza- 
beth Beverstock, of Bitstone [Slaughterford]. 

1673-9-10. Martha BAILY, dau. of William and Susan Baily, 
of Catcombe. 

1673-11-14. Mary BAYLY, dau. of Edward and Mary Bayly, of 
Compton. 

1673-11-16. Sarah BUTLER, dau. of William and Jane Butler, 
of Corsham. 

1674-5-17. Sarah BEZER, dau. of Edward and Ann Bezer, of 
Rowde. 

1674-7-11. John BEVERSTOCK, son of John and Elizabeth 
Beverstock, of Bidstone. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Tottenham, Middx. 

(To be continued.) 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 165 

A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 126.) 



225. Henry VIII. Anno 34. Richard Bruges, armiger, 
and William Walton; messuage, garden, and lands in Stratton 
St. Margaret. ^40. 

226. Anno 34. John Mody and Henry Long, knt. ; mes- 
suages and lands in Malmysbury and Brokynborowe. ^40. 

227. Anno 34. Antonio Long, gen., son of Henry Long, 
knt, and John Turney, gen. ; lands in Assheley and Dye- 
harygge called the Rock Benecrofts and Helbrocks. ,200. 

228. Anno 34. Robert Byngham, armiger, and Robert 
Coker, armiger, and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages and lands 
in Alderbury and Grymstede. 100 marks. 

229. Anno 34. Henry Lawrence, gen., and Leonard 
West, arm., manor of Sutton Maundefelds, als. Maundfeld ; 
messuages and lands in Sutton Maundefeld, alias Maundfeld, 
Haselden and Tysbury, except the advowson of the church of 
Sutton Maundefeld, als. Maundfeld. 

230. Anno 34. William Button and Jocosa Lambe; 
messuages and lands in Devises and Nustede. 100 marks. 

231. Anno 34. Roger Bodenham, arm., son and heir of 
Johanna, wife of Stephen Apharry, armiger, and Stephen Ap- 
harry, armiger, and Johanna his wife; manor of Elthrope, als. 
Elthorpe, messuages and lands in Elthrope, a/5. Elthorpe, and 
Rammesbury, als. Remesbury. ^400. 

232. Anno 34. John Mervyn, arm., and Thomas Weste, 
knt., lord Caware and Elizabeth his wife, Anna Clynton, 
widow, lady Clinton and Saye, Owinn Weste, knt., and Mary 
his wife, and Leonard Weste, arm.; manors of Swaleclyffe and 
Esthatche, messuages and land in Swaleclyffe, Esthatche, 
Donnehede and Tysbury. ^400. 



1 66 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

233. Anno 34. John Berkeley, arm., and Richard 
Jerveys, of London, mercer, and Winifred his wife ; manors of 
Melston, als. Mildesdon, and Brightmarston, als. Brigmarston ; 
messuages and lands in Melston and Brightmarston, alias 
Brigmarston, and advowson of the church of Mildeston. 
;6oo. 

234. Anno 34. Thomas Cryppes and John Warneford 
and Susannah his wife ; messuages and lands in Malmesbury, 
Thornehyll, Mylburne, Fylyngs and Brokynborough. 200 
marks. 

235. Anno 34. Thomas Walton, gen., and Henry Long, 
knt. ; lands in Crowdwell. 80 marks. 

236. Anno 34. William Green, armiger, and Thomas 
Gaynysford, armiger, and Julian his wife, and William Fry, 
armiger; half the manor of Standlynche, messuages and lands 
in Standlynche and Downton. 

237. Anno 35. George Prater and Roger Yonge, armiger; 
messuages and lands in Cryklade, Chelworth magna, Chel- 
worth parva, and Coldcott. 190 marks. 

238. Anno 35. William Baylye and Walter Baylye and 
Thomas Bampfyld, John Bampfyld and Mary his wife ; mes- 
suages and lands in Rowde, Brougham, and Devyses. ^300. 

239. Anno 35. William Planner and William Kyrke- 
ham ; messuages and lands in Wokyngham. ;8o. 

240. Anno 35. -Thomas Chaffyn, senior, and John Felt- 
ham, alias Lambe, and Johanna his wife, daughter and heiress 
of Christopher Edmundys ; messuage in the city of New 
Sarum. ^40. 

241. Anno 35. Richard Snell and Richard Blake and 
Johanna his wife; messuages and lands in Crettylton, alias 
Crettelyngton. 130 marks. 

242. Anno 35. Robert May, alias Robert Hayton, and 
Richard Brigges, armiger; fourth part of the manor of 
Broughton Gyfford, messuages and lands in Broughton 
Gifford. 166. 

243. Anno 35. John Goddard and Geoffrey Danyell and 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 167 

Margaret his wife ; messuages and lands in Alborne, Vpham, 
Snape, and Wandeburogh. ,145. 

244. Anno 35. -Thomas Cryppys and John Cryppes and 
Edmund Tame, knt. ; manor of Syrescourte, messuages and 
lands in Castell Eaton, alias Eton Maysey and Lyshyll, also 
third part of the advowson of the church of Castell Eton. 
220 marks. 

245. Anno 35. William Sharyngton, armiger, and Grace 
his wife and Edward Darell, armiger ; manor of Bewley, 
messuages and lands in Bewley, Laykoc, Notton Nasshe Hill, 
Lackham, and Bowdon. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.} 



OLD LACKHAM HOUSE AND ITS OWNERS. 

(Continued from p. 62.) 



Two years after Edward Baynard had succeeded to the 
Lackham estate came the dissolution of monasteries, but from 
this source he does not appear, like some of his near neigh- 
bours, to have profited by any direct grant of Abbey lands 
from the Crown. His forty years' ownership saw the close of 
Henry VHIth's reign, with those of Edward Vlth, Mary, and 
the first two decades of that of Queen Elizabeth, and the 
successive changes in our national religion which took place 
during this unsettled period. He seems to have maintained 
his own private chaplain at Lackham, for in the parish register 
of Lacock we find the following entry of burial : 

" 1 565, Sir Michael Brickett, Chaplain to Edward Bay- 
nard, Esq., May 7." 

Of his family, the eldest son, Edmund, baptized at Lacock, 
3 January 1561, died an infant, and the second son, Robert, 



1 68 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

afterwards Sir Robert Baynard, who was about twelve years old 
at the time of his father's death, became heir to the Lackham 
estate. He was M.P. for Chippenham 1584-5, and for West- 
bury 1586-7. In January, 1618, he was knighted at Theobalds 
by James I 1 ; the monarch who, whilst hunting on one occasion 
in Pewsham Forest, is said to have been challenged by Sir 
Robert for a deer which he happened to kill within a certain 
distance from the river Avon, the latter alleging a royal grant 
from Edward III to his ancestor, as already mentioned at 

P- 52. 

Sir Robert married a lady, who, although descended 
paternally from an old Yorkshire family, must have been 
tolerably well acquainted with the neighbourhood of Lacock. 
She was a daughter of Sir Robert Stapilton, of Wighill [or 
Wighall], co. York, by his second wife Olive, daughter and 
co-heir of Sir Henry Sharington of Lacock Abbey, 2 and widow 
of John Talbot, Esq., of Salwarpe, co. Worcester. 

By the Lady Ursula [ne'e Stapleton], who was baptized at 
Chelsea 10 July, 1587, Sir Robert Baynard had two children, 
Edward, baptized at Lacock, 19 August, 1616, who died an 
infant; and Mary, baptized 26 March, 1621, who subsequently 
became heiress of Lackham. Two years after the birth of the 
latter, their mother, the Lady Ursula, died at the early age of 
36, and was buried at Lacock, 9 November, 1623. 

It was on the occasion of his wife's death that Sir Robert 
caused to be set up on the east wall of the " Baynard's Aisle" 
in Lacock Church, two quaint wooden tablets emblazoned 



1 James I appears to have been in this neighbourhood in 1616, 1618, 
1621, and 1624. Pewsham was soon afterwards disafforested. 

2 Sir Robert Stapilton was M.P. for Yorkshire, and High Sheriff in 1580. 
He died 1606, and Lady Olive appears to have resided, during her second 
widowhood, at Lacock Abbey, and, dying at an advanced age in 1646, she 
was buried at Lacock. Besides Lady Ursula Baynard, she had four sons 
and three daughters. Her second son, Robert Stapilton, who matriculated 
at Balliol College, Oxford, 19 June 1607, aged 17 [see Foster], was, in 1616, 
presented by her to the rectory of Lacock. 



Old Lackhatn House and its Owners. 169 

with heraldry, one of which, to the memory of his father, has 
been already described (p. 6:). 1 The second tablet, the 
memorial of the Lady Ursula, is precisely similar in outline. 
The eight shields, around the central inscription, bear single 
impalements showing the successive marriages of the Stapilton 
family, the whole being surmounted by the quartered shield of 
STAPILTON and FITZALAN DE BEDALE, enclosed within a Garter, 
with the crest of the former Out of a ducal coronet or, a 
Saracen's head ajffronty, round the temples a wreath knotted 
behind, all proper. 

1. STAPILTON Argent, a lion rampant sable; impaling, Sable, 

fretty or BELLA AQUA. 

2. STAPILTON ; impaling, Cheeky or and azure, a canton ermine 

within a bordure gules BRITTANY. 

3. STAPILTON ; impaling, Barry of six or and gules FITZALAN 

DE BEDALE. 

4. STAPILTON; impaling, Bendy of six argent and azure ST. 

PHI LI BERT. 

5. STAPILTON ; impaling, Argent, on a fess azure three fleiirs- 

de-lis or USFLETE. 



1 The writer has already remarked that the armorial display on these 
tablets must have been the work of a skilful hand. The Baynards were, it 
appears, in possession of a vellum pedigree, drawn up by John Philipott, 
Somerset Herald temp. James I, showing their Norman descent (see Gents. 
Mag., May 1826, p. 418); but he would here suggest that the arrangement 
and execution of the heraldry on the Lacock tablets was probably the work 
of John Withie, "Citizen and paynterstayner of London", the transcriber 
of the fine manuscript volume now in the British Museum (Harleian MS. 
No. 1443) containing a copy of the Wilts Visitation of 1623, engrafted on 
the earlier one of 15(55, with the arms beautifully tricked a manuscript well 
known to Wiltshire genealogists. Withie's father, through a first marriage 
into the family of Nicholas, of Calne, resided in that town, as did also his 
own half-brother, by the same marriage. His grandmother was a sister of 
Jewel, Bishop of Salisbury [1560-1571], the friend of Sir Henry Sharington, 
of Lacock Abbey, the grandfather of Lady Ursula Baynard ; a link which, 
at least, seems to connect him pretty closely with the neighbourhood. He 
made some Church notes at Calne in 1616, and was 30 years of age in 1623, 
when the heraldic tablets in Lacock Church were set up. He obtained 
from Richard St. George, Clarenceux, a confirmation of arms Per pale 
ermine and or, a lion rampant gules previously granted to his family, in 
1615, by the antiquary Camden. 



170 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

6. STAPILTON ; impaling, Ermine, a lion rampant azure 

PICKERING \_Dmgley^\. 

7. STAPILTON ; impaling, Or, three bars azure ASKE \_Dingley\. 

8. STAPILTON ; impaling, Gules, between two flanches cheeky 

argent and azure, as many crosses patty in pale of the 
second fimbriated or SHARiNGTON. 1 

The inscription is as follows : 

" Heare lyeth the Body of the Lady 
Vrsula Baynard, Daughter of Sir 
Robert Stapilton of Wyghall in the 
County of Yorke, Knight, and wife 
to Sir Robert Baynard, Knight, by 
whome shee had Issue Edward her 
Sonne heare buryed, and Mary hir 
Daughter. She lyved to the age 
of 36 yeares, and departed to God 
in most firme fayth in Christ in 
the yeare of our Lorde God 1623. 

Gods goodness made her wise and well beseeming, 
Discreet and Prudent, Constant, True and Chaste, 
Hir virtues rare won her much esteeming, 
In Courte and Country, still with favour graste, 
Earth could not yelde more pleasing earthly blisse, 
Blest w th two babes, though Death brought hir to this." 

Sir Robert was Sheriff of Wilts in 1629 [5 Charles I]. 
His will is dated 16 March, 1635-6, and dying soon after, he 
was buried at Lacock, on 7 June 2 in the latter year, without 
either monument or inscription. 



1 In a paper on the Baynard Monuments in Lacock Church by the 
present writer ( Wilts Arch. Mag., iv, p. 6) the coats No. 2 and 7, here impaled, 
are ascribed to DB RICHMOND and CONSTABLE. The subsequent publication 
of Dingley's History from Marble, and the pedigree of Stapilton, in the 

Genealogist, makes it more probable that they are BBITTANY and DB ASKE, 
as here given. 

2 See Lacock Register ; but the Inq. p. m. gives 14 April as the date of 
his death. 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 171 

From an Inquisition taken at Marlborough, 6 October, 
1636, it appears that besides his manor of Lackham, Sir 
Robert died seised of " divers messuages, lands, tenements, 
pastures, woods, etc., in the fields, parishes, and hamlets, of 
Laycocke, Lackham, Notton, Bewley, Reybridge, Chippenham, 
and Bowdon, parcels of the said manor ; divers closes or 
parcels of pasture situated within the parish of Laycocke, 
called Dene Hill, Pennesdowne, 1 the Pyke and the Lukehorne, 
containing 217 acres," given to his father by [Sir William or 
Sir Henry] Sharington, 2 of Lacock Abbey, in exchange for other 
lands within the parish, then parcel of Lacock manor ; also the 
tithes of grain, and hay of all the demesne lands of Lackham 
manor, likewise given by Sharington to Edward Baynard, 
deceased [father of Sir Robert], and his heirs. The whole of 
this property is stated by the jurors to have been, at that time, 
of the value of ^41 65. 8d., and held of the king in chief by the 
service of one twentieth part of a knight's fee. 

By deed 16 February, 1628, eight years before his death, 
Sir Robert gave to Anne Fisher, spinster, daughter of Joan 
Fisher, of Lacock, apparently his housekeeper, who survived 
him, an annuity of ^"10 out of a messuage and land in Lacock, 
called Arnoldes, to have the same immediately after his 
decease, full possession thereof being given her on payment of 
sixpence. 

The writer of these notes was for a long while in posses- 
sion of a vellum roll, sixteen feet in length ; the original 
Inventory of all goods, chattels, catties, heirlooms, etc., in 
Lackham House, taken in 1637, after the decease of Sir Robert 
Baynard. This document has now found a more appropriate 
place among the many valuable records preserved in the muni- 
ment room at Lacock Abbey. It enumerates in detail the 



1 Spelt " Pensedone " in a deed of 1308. See p. 5. 

2 Both names appear in the inquisition. Edward Baynard, of Lackham, 
and Sir William Sharington, of Lacock Abbey, had both married into the 
family of Walsingham. 



172 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

contents of the old mansion with its private chapel and many 
apartments, the massive old oak furniture, and rich hangings, 
the arms in the great hall, the old fashioned vessels, wooden 
trenchers, etc., in the kitchen, buttery, and minor offices, 
together with the goodly array of pewter, which alone consti- 
tutes a very considerable item. 

Mary Baynard, the surviving daughter and sole heiress of 
Sir Robert, shortly before her father's death, and when only 
fourteen years old, married Captain the Hon. James Montagu, 
third son of Henry, first Earl of Manchester. The marriage 
took place at Lacock, n November, 1635. Her father, by his 
will, bequeathed the manor of Lackham, with its appur- 
tenances, and all other his lands in Wiltshire, to them both for 
their lives, with remainder to their eldest son and his heirs 
male, for default successively in tail male to their second and 
younger sons, for default to the use of all the sons successively 
of the said Mary by any other husband, for default to her 
daughters by any other husband, and their heirs, for default 
to his nephew Robert, only son of his brother, Giles Baynard, 
and his heirs male, for default to another nephew, Edward, 
only son of his younger brother Edward, lately deceased, and 
his heirs male, and lastly for default to his own right heirs for 
ever. 

But Lackham was not without a male heir, and that in the 
direct line, for Captain James Montagu had issue by his wife 
Mary, eleven sons and two daughters, the names of the eldest 
ten of which, viz., (i) Walter, (2) James, (3) George, (4) Robert, 
(5) Henry, (6) Sidney, (7) Edward, (8) Charles, (9) William, and 
Mary, 1 appear among the additions to the printed Wilts Visita- 
tion of 1623, which continue the pedigree to the year 1650. 
Two younger sons, Thomas and John, 2 with another daughter, 



1 She afterwards married Thomas Ewer, of the Lee, co. Herts. 

2 He became Rector of Upton Scudatnore, near Warminster, where he 
was buried in 1(591. 



Old Lackham House and its Owners. 



173 



Katharine, are mentioned on a monumental tablet in Lacock 

Church. 

The Hon. James Montagu died in 1665, 
at the age ot 57, his widow surviving him 
nearly twenty years. The funeral penon, 
here reproduced, was at the time of Dingley's 
visit to Lacock Church, in 1684, hanging in 
the Baynard Aisle. It bore at the staff end, 
the arms of MONTAGU Argent, three lozenges 
conjoined in fess gules, within a bordure sable 
(differenced by a mullet for a thirdson) impal- 
ing BAYNARD, as already blazoned. Dingley 
has also preserved sketches of other shields 
which he saw on the funeral achievements 
and streamers of Montagu, in the Baynard 
Aisle 




1. MONTAGU, with bordure and mullet, as on the penon, 

quartering Or, an eagle displayed vert, beaked and 
membered gules MONTHERMER. 

2. MONTAGU singly, and crest, with mullet, but without 

the bordure sable. 1 

Of Captain Montagu's eleven sons, Walter, the eldest, died 
young, and James, the second son, aged 12 in 1650, and conse- 
quently about 27 at his father's death, became the heir. He 



1 These arms, either with or without the bordure sable, were borne by the 
Montacutes, Earls of Salisbury. John de Montacute, Lord Montacute, 
second son of the first Earl of Salisbury of that name, married the heiress 
of Monthermer, and they appear with the bordure on his tomb in Salisbury 
Cathedral. He died in 1389-90 ; since which time all succeeding Monta- 
cutes, and, on questionable authority the Montagus, have quartered the 
arms of Monthermer. 

Dingley notes that the coat of Montagu in the heraldry at Lacock is 
given both with and without the bordure sable. He also remarks that the 
griffin's head in the Montagu crest is here, in one instance, beaked sable and 
langued gules, and in the other is all or a kind of fanciful variation by no 
means unknown in other instances of undertaker's heraldry. 



174 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

married in 1671, Diana, daughter of Anthony Hungerford, of 
Black Bourton, afterwards of Farley Castle. 1 

"James Montagu, of Lackham, co. Wilts, Esq., bachelor, about 32, 
and Mrs. Diana Hungerford, of Black Bourton, co. Oxon., spinster, 21 ; 
consent of mother, Mrs. Rachel Hungerford, widow, at Black Bourton 
aforesaid, 30 May, 1671." Chester's Marriage Licences. 

EDWARD KITE. 
(To be continued.) 



DEED RELATING TO THE MANORS OF BREMHILL, 

STANLEY, BROMHAM BATTLE, AND CLENCH, 

A.D. 1566. 

We are indebted to Mr. Coleman, of Tottenham, for per- 
mission to print another document relating to the above 
property of the Baynton family in the time of Queen Elizabeth. 

The several manors included in the present deed, had, on 
the dissolution of Monasteries, come successively by grant 
from the Crown into the hands of Sir Edward Baynton, as 
previously mentioned p. 131-133. Stanley, with the site and 
principal part of the Abbey estate, in 1536 Bromham Battle, 
and Clench, part of the possessions of Battle Abbey, co. 



1 Son of Sir Anthony (of the Down Ampney Branch of Hungerford), who 
settled at Black Bourton, by a second marriage, and half-brother of Sir 
Edward, of Corsham, the Parliamentary Commander. He sat for Malmes- 
bury in the Long Parliament until disabled in 1644, when he was heavily 
fined for delinquency, though he had not borne arms for the king, and 
thrown into the Tower. In 1648 his estates were seized. Cromwell wrote 
him a sympathetic letter dated 30 July 1652, which was formerly in the 
chapel at Farley Castle (see Carlisle's Cromwell, p. 216). The next year he 
succeeded to Farley, and dying in 1657, was buried in Black Bourton Churcb. 
His widow, Rachel, was a Jones, and his spendthrift son, Edward, who 
sacrificed a noble fortune to the follies and vices of the reign of the second 
Charles, sold Farley Castle, which had been for three centuries the residence 
of the Hungerfords, in 1686. 



Manors of Bremhill, Stanley, Bromham Battle, &c. 175 

Sussex, in 1538 and Bremhill, which had belonged to 
Malmesbury Abbey, in I540. 1 

Part of this property, as we learn from a previous deed 
(p. 134-137), was given by Sir Edward, the grantee, to Andrew 
Baynton, his eldest son and heir apparent, several years before 
his death, which happened in 1544-5. 

Andrew, the heir, who was twice married, had an only 
daughter, and by deed 3 Elizabeth (1560) entailed his land 2 on 
his next brother, Edward, to whom, on Andrew's death in 
1564-5, administration of his goods, etc., was also committed. 

The present deed apparently refers to this transaction. 
It is a general release from Gabriel Pleydell, of Monkton (in 
Chippenham), gent., 3 Oliver Pleydell, his son and heir apparent, 
and William Bayliffe, of the Middle Temple, gent, (probably 
as trustees) to Edward Baynton, esq. (afterwards Sir Edward, 
of Rowden), his wife, Agnes, 4 and their heirs ; of the manors 



1 Bremhill afterwards became one of the residences of the Bayntons, 
some of whom were baptized there. In a deed of 1677, Sir Edward 
Baynton (the builder of Spy Park, about 1661) mentions his two capital 
messuages, or mansion houses, of Spy Park and Bremhill. 

2 Andrew Baynton, during his early ownership of Bremhill, in 1555, 
endowed the chapel at Foxham, in that parish, with two houses, Church 
house and Priest house, and two parcels of land called Chapel Hay and 
Butt Hay. 

3 The printed Visitation of 1565 gives Gabriel as fourth son of 
William Pleydell, of Coleshill, gent., by Agnes, daughter and co-heir of 
.... Reason, of Corfe Castle, co. Dorset. In the later one of 1623 is a 
pedigree of Bayliffe, including the marriage of William, of Monkton, in 
Chippenham, with Agnes, daughter of Gabriel Pleydell, of Midghall, in 
Lydiard Tregoze. Aubrey gives the arms of BAYLIFFE, impaling PLEY- 
DELL and REASON quarterly, from Chippenham Church. Aubrey and 
Jackson, PI. vii, No. 108. In 1623 the arms of Bayliffe were respited for 
better proof. 

4 This lady was the daughter of Sir Griffith ap Rhys, K.B., of Carew 
Castle, co. Pembroke, by Katherine, daughter of Sir John St. John, and aunt 
to the first Lord St. John of Bletshoe. Before her marriage with Sir Edward 
Baynton, she claimed to have been previously married at Stourton Chapel, 
6 Jan. 1545-6, to William, sixth Baron Stourton, by whom she had a daughter 
Mary, who married, 1st, Richard Gore, esq., of Alderton, and 2nd, George 
Wroughton, esq. She died in 1620, and was buried at Alderton. The 



176 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

of Bremhill, Stanley, Bromham Battle, and Clench, 1 "late the 
possessions or inheritance of one Andrew Baynton, esq., 
deceased, brother of the said Edward." It is dated 13 June 
1566, but was not executed until the 19 July following. 2 

" To ALL X'PEN people to whome this p'sente wrytinge shall come 
Gabryell Pledall ot Mouncketon in the countye of Wiltes gent., Olyver 
Pledall of the same towne and countie gent, sonne and heir apparante 
of the saide Gabryell, and Will'm Baylyff of the Myddle Temple in 
London gent, sendeth greetinge in or Lorde God eu'lastinge. KNOWE 
YOU vs the aforesaide Gabryell Olyu' and Will'm for diu's and sundrye 
good causes and considerac'ons vs specyallie movinge to haue remysed 
released and allwayes for vs and eu'y of vs and for o'r heires and for the 
heires of eu'y of vs to have quyte clamyd and by theis p'sents we and 
eu'y of vs doe remise release and quyte clayme tor vs and for o'r heires 
and lor the heires of eu'y of vs vnto Edwarde Baynton esquyer and 
Agnes his wiffe in theire full and peaseable possession beynge and to 
th'eires and assignes of the saide Edwarde for ever all o'r righte, tytle, 
clayme interest and demaunde, and the righte, tytle, clayme, interest 
and demaunde that we eu'y or any of vs or o'r heires or th'eires of eu'y 
or of any of vs at any tyme haue had, haue, or by an meanes maye haue 
of in and to the Manno'rs of Bremell al's Bremelhill, Staneley, Bromeh'an 
al's Bromeham Battell, and Clench in the saide countye of Wiltes and of 
in and to all messuages lands tenements rents reu'cons s'vices medowes 
fedings pastures woods and all other heredytaments whatsoeu' with all 
and singler theire app'ten'nc's to the same Manno'rs of Bremell al's 
Bremelhill, Staneley, Bromeham als Bromeham Battell, and Clenche, 
and to eu'y or any of theym belonginge or app'teyninge And also of in 
and to all other messuages lands tenements rents reu'cons s'vic's 
medows fedings pastures woods and all other heredytaments whatsoeu' 
with all and singler theire app'ten'nc's Scytuat lyinge or beinge in 
Bremell al's Bremelhill, Staneley, Bromeham al's Bromeham Battell, and 
Clenche, or in any of theym, or ells where within the saide countye of 
Wiltes which late were the possessions or inherytaunce of one Andrewe 

brass effigies of Sir Edward Baynton and Agnes [Ryce] his first wife (by 
whom he had no less than thirteen children) still remain in Bromham 
Church. 

1 It will be noticed that the advowson of the Church of Bromham, 
part of the Battle Abbey property, and included with the manors of 
Bromham Battle and Clench in the former deed (p. 134-137), does not 
appear here. 

2 Of the witnesses, the names of John Somner, and William Wilkins 
appear soon afterwards as clothiers in Seend. Richard Mompesson was 
party to a later deed of 1579 relating to Bromham Battle and Clench (see 
p. 136). Ryce ffloyde and Walter Jenkins were, like Sir Edward 
Baynton's wife, Agnes [Ryce], apparently of Welsh origin. 



Manors of Bremhill, Stanley, Brornham Battle, &>c. 177 

Bayneton esquier decessid brother of the .said Edwarde, Soe that neyther 
we the saide Gabryell, Olyu', and Will'm, nor any of vs, nor o'r heires, 
nor th'eires of any of vs, nor any other p'sonne or p'sonnes by or for vs, 
or in o'r names, or by for or in the name of any of vs, any righte, tytle, 
clayme, intereste or demaunde, of in or to the foresaide manno'rs, or any 
of theym, or of in or to the said p'misses with th'app'ten'nc's, or of in or 
to any p'te or p'cele of the same p'misses with th'app'ten'nc's, at anytime 
hereaffter doe or maye clayme or challenge, but that we and eu'y of vs 
and o'r heires and the heires of eu'y of vs be from hencefourth of the 
saide Manners and of all other the p'misses with th'app'ten'nc's and 
of eu'y p'te and p'cell thereof, and of all ac'cons righte tytle clayme 
interest and demaunde thereof and of eu'y p'te and p'cell thereof vtterlye 
excluded for ever by theise p'sents fftirthermore knowe yo'u vsthe afore- 
saide Gabryell Olyu' and Will'm and eu'y of vs to have remised released 
quyte claymed vnto the said Edwarde Baynton and Agnes his wiffe and 
to either of theym and to theire heires and executo'rs, and to the heires 
and executo'rs ot either of theym, all and all maun' of ac'cons sut's 
quarrells debts trespaces execuc'ons and demaunds whatsoeu' that we or 
any of vs haue had, haue, or by any meanes whatsoeu' may haue, 
againsste them the saide Edwarde and Agnes, or any ot theym, eyther 
as executo'rs or administrators to any other p'sonne or p'sonnes, or 
otherwise from the begyn'inge of the worlde vntill the makinge, sealinge 
and delyu'y hereof. En SSSttness whereof we the saide Gabryell Olyver 
and Willm to this p'sente dede haue sett o'r hands and seales. Yeven 
the xiijth daye of June in the nynthe yere ot the raigne of o'r Sou'aigne 
Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Quene of Englande ffraunce and 
Irelande defendo'r of the iaith &c." 

Signed, 








The seal of William Bayliffe bears a Chevron between three hearts, 
differenced by a label of three points. 

N 



178 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Endorsed "A gen'all release from Gab' Pledell, Olliver Pledell, 
and Wm Bailiff." 

" Memorand' that this Dede of Release was sealed and signed and 
Delyu'ed the xixth Day of July in the yeare w'th in written. In the 
p'sence of John Gyldon, John Somner, Richard Mompesson, Thomas 
Wyld, Wyll'm Wylkins, Ryce ffloydde, Walter Jeinkeins, and John 
Sessyons w'th other. 

"p'me Thoma' Wyld Cl'icum." 



MOZLEY'S REMINISCENCES. 



When I first read the two delightful volumes of Mozley's 
Reminiscences of Towns and Villages, I was particularly struck 
with the following paragraph in chapter 109 of that work : 

" Four years ago there came out Clerical Reminiscences by 
" Senex", with a chapter headed "Wiltshire". It is a lively and amusing 
work, and it was appreciated by the public, at least by the newspapers 
and their readers. The chapter and name seemed to have a particular 
attraction for them. It is short ; and it pictures, as in a most amazing 
state of neglect, "a pleasant town on the Wiltshire downs, with its 
Mayor and Corporation, its market-place, its town-hall, its four thousand 
inhabitants, and its rectory and vicarage". It then relates how the 
writer gathered a congregation, restored harmony, built a vicarage, and 
paid for it, all in two years, only leaving when called to a much more 
important charge, as well as one lie could live on, in the north. After 
long trying everybody's patience to the uttermost, the author's pre- 
decessor had chiselled out from a new gravestone the words " Prepare 
to meet thy God"; for he would have no Methodism in his Churchyard. 
The Bishop had ordered him to replace the words, and rather than 
do this he had thrown up the living. The description reads very like 
Devizes, where in my time were some great lights of the Unitarian 
community, and, on the other hand, two very remarkable churches in 
very different styles of architecture. It is altogether a mixed and border 
place, and it seemed to me scarcely fair to present it as a sample of 
Wiltshire." 

Devizes being my native town, I was well acquainted with 
its history during the present century, and felt quite sure that 
Mr. Mozley's conjecture had no basis in fact; but it was not 
until I applied for the Reminiscences of " Senex " at the Reading 



Dugdale of Seend. 



Room of the British Museum the other day that I was able to 
correct the error. I found in the Catalogue that "Senex" was a 
pseudonym adopted by the Rev. Josiah Bateman, his volume 
being published in 1880. The book itself added little of any 
local interest to the particulars mentioned by Mr. Mozley, but 
on my return home I consulted Foster's Index Ecclesiasticus 
(1800-40) and found that the Rev. Josiah Bateman, M.A., was 
on nth September 1838 instituted to the living and vicarage 
of S. Mary's, Marlborough. What was the name of his prede- 
cessor I do not know, as I am not aware of any published list 
of Marlborough incumbents during the present century, but I 
am pleased to be able to shift the onus of Mr. Mozley's con- 
demnation from Devizes to Marlborough. Litera scripta 
manet, and it is well that an erroneous suggestion in a popular 
book should be publicly and permanently corrected. 

CECIL SIMPSON. 



DUGDALE OF SEEND. 

(Continued from p. 129.^) 



WILL OF CHRISTOPHER DUGDALE, 1606. 
(Register f. 120, Dorset). 

In the name of God Amen. The fyrst day of Marche Anno Domini 
one thousand six hundred and six, I Christopher Dugdale parsonne ot 
Pollesholte in the Dioces of Sarum beinge of good and perfect memorie, 
praised be God, doe make and ordaine this my last will and Testament 
in manner and fourme followinge. Firste and before all thinges I most 
hartelie commend my soule into the handes of allmightie god hopinge 
to be saved by his free grace and mercie through the merrittes of his 
sonne my Saviour Christe Jhesus. As concerninge my bodie my will is 
that it be buried in semely sorte in the Chauncell of the Churche of the 
parrishe of Pollesholte aforesaide. And my worldlie goods I give and 
bequeathe as followethe. First I give and bequeathe to the poore 

N 2 



180 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



people of the parrishe ot Pollesholte to be distributed according to the 
discreation of my Executor twentie shillinges ot current Englishe money. 
Item, I give and bequeathe to my sonne Christopher Dugdale my goulde 
ringe vvayinge one ounce. All my bookes savinge such bookes as I shall 
dispose of in this my last will. Item, I give and bequeathe to my said 
sonne Christopher my best cloak faced with vellett, my grograine 
cassocke, my square table in my studie, one round chaire stoole of oak, 
my cubborde of boxes, my best deske, my box tor bands and my standing 
bedsteede wherein I lie. Item, I give and bequeathe to my sonne 
Thomas Dugdale all the implementes of howsholde stuff and bedsteedes 
tables, formes, cubbordes, stooles, cubbordes, timber or whatsoever in or 
about my house at Senerowe. And my will is that my wile Bridgett 
Dugdale shall have the use of the same howshold stuffe and goodes 
duringe the tyme that she shall continewe and dwell in the said house. 
Item, I give and bequeathe to him all Byshopp Jewelles his workes in 
one volume, the poore mans librarie, one booke of statutes collected by 
Pulton, one muskett furnished, my best gunne and all my armor that 
belongeth to a Petronell. Item, I give and bequeathe to my sonne 
Robert Dugdaile fower kine to be delivered unto him at his age of one 
and twentie yeares to stocke his coppie houlde at Cheverell. And my 
will is that the yearlie Rente of the said Coppie houlde shall dischardge 
the fyftie poundes due to the Almeshouse tor theire Fyne. Item, I give 
and bequeath to him Calvine his institutions in Englishe, his commen- 
taries vppon the psalmes, heminge postle in Englishe, one booke of 
Statutes by Rastell, my Rapier, my bowes and arrowes, my second deske 
and my chaire of Apletree. Item, I give and bequeath to my sonne 
William Dugdaile twentie poundes of lawful Englishe monie, one bed 
furnished with bedsteed as it standeth in the Chamber over the butterie, 
one bible in Englishe, Peter Martir his comon places in Englishe, and 
Doctor Reynoldes his conterence with Harte. I give and bequeath to 
my daughter Thomasine Dugdale twentie poundes ot curraunt monie of 
Englande, one silver salte gilte, six silver spoones, my second basonne and 
Ewer, my second great chardger, one teatherbed furnished with boulster 
pillowes, pillowe beers, sheetes, coverlett and blanckettes, one standinge 
bedsteede, Luther vppon the Galathe, and Becons postell, and Heminge 
his postell in Englishe. Item I give and bequeathe to Bridgett Geerish 
one heifer of three yeares olde. And my will intente and meaninge is 
that the said leagacies beiore bequeathed shalbe delivered and paide 
to my said children when they shall come to the age of twentie 
and one yeares or daie of theire marriage which shall firste happen. And 
my will is that my wife Bridgett Dugdale shall have the vse of the 
legacies before bequeathed in the meane time Provided allwaies and my 
will is that yt auie of my said children shall happen to decease before they 
or anie of them shall accomplishe the age of twentie and one yeares or 
daie of theire marriage, that then the leagacies of them soe deceased 
shall remaine wholly to my children then livinge and to the survivors of 
them equallie to be divided. All the rest of my goods andchatell move- 
able and vnmoveable whatsoever not bequeathed, my debts paide and 



Monument on Etchilhampton Hill. 



funerall expenses discharged, I give and bequeathe to my lovinge wife 
Bridgett Dugdaile whome I do make and ordaine my sole executrix of 
this my laste wille and testament. Lastly I desier my well beloved 
frendes Mr. William Goodier and my sonne William Geerishe to assiste 
and helpe my said executrix in the execution of the premises. To everie 
of them as a token of my love I give tenne shillinges a peece. In witnes 
whereof I have subscribed my name and sette my scale By me Chris- 
topher Dugdaile. 

Proved at London 8th September, A.D. 1609, and the administration 
granted to Bridgett, relict of the deceased. 



THE MONUMENT ON ETCHILHAMPTON HILL, 
NEAR DEVIZES. 



The following is a copy of a circular issued in 1771, inviting 
subscriptions towards the cost of the erection. 

Devizes, May 9th, 1771, 

"ADVERTISEMENT. 

" Last year a Subscription was opened for raising a Sum of Money 
to erect an Obelise or other Edifice, in memory of JAMES LONG, late of 
Wedhampton, Esq., for his unwearied assiduity in planning, promoting, 
and completing the NEW ROAD between Nursteed and Lydeway, 
whereby the iormer disagreeable, tedious, and dangerous way over 
Itchelhampton Hill, is not only avoided, but the length much contracted, 
which renders it advantageous as well as agreeable to every Traveller. 

" The great Benefit accruing to those whose Waggons, or other 
Carriages pass this Road, is so obvious, that all who remember the 
former, must acknowledge it; therefore as the Subscriptions fall greatly 
short of a Sufficiency to erect as handsome a Structure as was first agreed 
to, and concluded upon, 'tis hoped many more will be speedily added 
without turther Solicitations, as it is for public as well as private Emolu- 
ment ; and that those who have already subscribed will condescend to 
weigh properly the great Advantage they continually receive from the 
said Road, and be pleased to advance their Subscriptions in Proportion 
to the Building, which is in great Forwardness, and will be entirely com- 
pleted by Midsummer next. 



1 82 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

"The Expence at a modern Calculation (exclusive of Iron Pallisa- 
does for Defence) will be about forty Guineas, and there are not twenty 
Pounds subscribed. 

" Subscriptions continue to be taken in by T. BURROUGH, Goldsmith 
in Devizes ; to whom those who have not paid their Donations are 
requested to pay them, on, or before the ist ot next June. 

"N.B. The above Monument is to be erected near the Direction-Post 
leading to Itchelhampton , which is about the Middle of the 
said New Road, and on the greatest Eminence." 

The " Iron Pallisadoes " do not seem to have been erected, 
probably for lack of funds. From the Crest which crowns the 
Monument Mr. James Long appears to have been a member of 
the ancient Wiltshire family of that name. To which branch 
did he belong ? 



HUNGERFORD YORK BREVIARY. 



The following interesting Manuscript has appeared in the 
late Mr. Quaritch's most recent Catalogue ; his representative 
says that he does not know to whom it formerly belonged, and 
gives there particulars as to the Arms mentioned below : 
Shield No. i, on the verso of leaf 42, is Sable, two bars argent, 
in chief three plates, HUNGERFORD; Shield No. 2, on the 
verso of leaf 119, is Or, two bars engrailed gules, in chief three 
torteaux, MOELS, [the bars are generally blasoned plain], 
and are the work of the original calligrapher, about 1390. 
On the margin of one of the leaves elsewhere, an i8th century 
hand (about 1740) has redrawn the shield with two trees for 
supporters and added the words, " The arms of Sir George 

Hungerford, Bart, of Farley Castle sable, two bars 

argent, in chief three plates." The size of the original shields 
is somewhat smaller than that of these accompanying illustra- 
tions. Perhaps some of our readers can tell us something of 
the history and pedigree of this valuable book, which is priced 



Hungerford York Breviary. 183 

at ^40. Who was James Hungerford ? Who was William 

de Areton ? 

BREVIARIUM MONASTICUM AD USUM EBORACENSEM. 
MS. on vellum, 152 leaves in double columns with 
painted capitals, illuminated initials, and grotesque 
in the figures ornamental pen and ink borders; old red 
morocco. About 1390. 





The service from Advent to the 24th Sunday of Quad- 
ragesima occupies the first 61 leaves. Leaves 62, 63, 64 
contain the Calendar. Next begins the Psalter, which ends 
with the Litany on leaf 98. Next follows the Sanctorale and 
Supplement, leaves 99-152. Although this is a York book, 
with all the special indications of that use (the Offices of 
Wilfrid and William, and their names in the Calendar and 
the Litany), there are two coats of arms in the marginal 
borders which show that the volume belonged about 1390-1400 
to a member of the great Wiltshire house of Hungerford. At 
the end of the Psalter there is an inscription which says : " Do 
Jacobo Hungerforde meum amictum si contingat eum presby- 
terari, aliter erit liber domini Willelmi de Areton. Sic quod 
non vendatur sed transeat inter cognatos meos. Si fuerint 
aliqui inventi, sin autem ab uno presbytero ad alium." This is 
quite clear, in spite of its rusty Latin and its confusion between 
"amictus" and "liber". This was written about 1480. 



184 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Queries* 



Ballard of Bratton. The Frowd pedigree states that 
Anne Frowd (born at Rolston in 1 703) married John Aldridge 
Ballard of Bratton, son of John Ballard. Ten shillings reward 
is offered to the first person who will give the date and parish 
of John Aldridge Ballard's birth and marriage respectively. 
Before her marriage, Anne Frowd is stated to have lived at 

Erlestoke and Devizes successively. 

A STUDENT. 



Jouillin. Mr. F. Harrison asks in London Notes and 
Queries whether this name occurs elsewhere than in the 
register of marriages at South Wraxall, where, 26 Feb. 1749, 
Joseph Brokenbrow is married to Hannah Jouillin. 

EDITOR. 



French in Westbury, A.D. 1246 (vol. ii, pp. 278-9). 
In the Charter of Geoffrey de Mandeville to John, son of 
Roscelin de Bratton, the following language occurs : " To all 
the men of Westbury, as well French as English." Is it to be 
inferred that the Hundred "of Westbury at that date (1246) 
contained a colony of natives of France, or Normandy ? Or 
was the designation " French" applied in that day to people 
who were not natives of France, but merely descended from 
those Normans who followed William the Conqueror to 
England, or formed part of that Norman migration which 
must have continued in a large volume for a considerable 
period after the conquest ? 

2. Is it definitely known, or can antiquaries plausibly 
conjecture, when the French or Norman colony was estab- 



Books by Wiltshire Authors. 185 

lished at Westbury, or in the places adjacent to, or within the 
Hundred, Dulton, Bratton, &c. ? 

3. Does Domesday Book, A.D. 1086, give the names of 
inhabitants or landholders at Westbury at the date of its 
compilation? A. W. SAVARY, 

Author of Savory Genealogy. 
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. 



Books by Wiltshire Authors. In 1752 was published 
a work entitled The Wiltshire New Phenomenon, or the Free- 
thinking Christian Philosopher, being the philosophical essays 
of Mr. Charles White, hostler at the King's Arms, Sarum, on 
the following subjects: i. The Being and Attributes of God. 
2. Accidents and Comets. 3. The Resurrection of the Body. 

Is anything further known either of this book or its 
author. There is no copy in the British Museum. 

SCRIBA. 



Hock-tide. In a recent account of these festivities at 
Hungerford, mention is made of " John of Gaunt's horn," 
What is this ? C. V. G. 

[Hock-tide and Tuttimen are explained in our ist Vol. ED.] 



Nicholas of Roundway & Manningford. There is, in 
the British Museum, a parchment copy of a post-nuptial 
settlement made by Edward Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, 
on 6th May 1687, in anticipation of his then intended marriage 
with Susannah, the widow of William Salter. This settle- 
ment appears to have come into the hands of Robert Nicholas, 
of Ashton Keynes, Chairman of the Board of Excise, who 
wrote on the back of it : " Extremely curious and worth 
" preserving as a family paper and the more so as the 
" estate went away from the Nicholas's by marriage of the 



1 86 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

"daughter Mr. Nicholas had so long forborne to acknow- 
" ledge, and whose descendant married Sir William Desse, 
" knight, who was first a Dancing Master and then a Banker, 
" afterwards a Bankrupt, and is now a Pauper in London. 
" Mr. P. Sutton, clothier of the Devizes, purchased the 
"estate. "Rx. NICHOLAS, 

"3 January, 1785." 

This information is so curious and interesting that I 
should be glad to know more as to this daughter and her 
husband. I see in Price's Directory of London Bankers that 
Desse was a Banker in 1774, but nothing more is added. 
The documents, of which the above forms part, were given 
to the British Museum by Admiral Collier, who, I believe, 
married the only daughter of Robert Nicholas. 

C. SIMPSON. 

[According to a pedigree of " Collier " in Miscell. Gen. et 
Her., New Series, iii, p. 1 29, the late Admiral married Harriet, 4th 
dau. of Robert Nicholas, of Ashton Keynes ; she died in 1850, 
and was buried at Hove, near Brighton ; her husband died in 
1870. Eo.J 



The Missing Register of Addison's Baptism, Where 

is it? (vol. iii, pp. 42, 43, 140.) "Joseph Addison, born 
on the first day of May, 1672, at Milston, of which his father, 
Lancelot Addison, was then Rector, near Ambrosbury in Wilt- 
shire, and appearing weak and not likely to live he was 
christened the same day." Dr. Johnson, Lives of the Poets, 
p. 73, vol. xxx, 1799. 

I should like to place on record in your pages my recollec- 
tion of a statement made by the Rev. Richard Webb, M.A., 
Rector of Milston and Incumbent of Durrington, respecting 



The Missing Register of Addisoris Baptism. 187 

the loss of the entry of Addison's birth and baptism, i May, 
1762, from the Milston Registers, on Tuesday, n Nov., 1852, 
to Prebendary Tufnell (afterwards Bishop of Brisbane), the 
Rev. Dr. Caswell and myself. We had assisted at the annual 
meeting of the S.P.G. at Durrington. After the meeting we 
returned to the Parsonage, where, no one else being present, 
Mr. Webb stated that " on becoming Rector of Milston he had 
removed the Milston Registers for greater security to his 
house at Durrington. Not long before he had received a visit 
irom a person whom he had never seen, but whose card 
showed him to be of rank and position, and worthy of all 
respect and honour. He explained that the object of his visit 
was to see the Addison entry in the Milston Register. Mr. 
Webb immediately fetched the register book and showed it to 
him. He was pleased and grateful, and he then requested the 
Rector's permission to make a copy of it, and, as he was 
particular about it, he wished to be left alone while he made it. 
Mr. Webb gave him writing materials and left the room. On 
his return he found the visitor sitting at the table with his 
hands resting on the closed register book before him. He 
immediately rose, returned the book, closed, to Mr. Webb, 
with many thanks for his kindness and courtesy, and took his 
leave. Mr. Webb, without looking into it, put the book back 
into its place. Not long afterwards he had occasion to refer to 
the same Register, and he found to his horror that the leaf 
containing the Addison entry had been cut out and stolen, 
and the only person who could have done it was his late 
visitor. No other person had access to the book which was 
kept by the Rector under lock and key." Mr. Webb made his 
statement with much emotion. We expressed our very hearty 
sympathy with him, and the incident terminated. My diary 
shows that I slept at Durrington that night, and probably 
Bishop Tufnell did so also. I have no recollection of ever 
discussing the subject with him, but some years afterwards 
Dr. Caswell mentioned the circumstance to me, and expressed 
his admiration of the tact with which Mr. Webb had made his 



1 88 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

statement, without giving the slightest hint by which we might 
identify the abstractor. They are at rest. The Rev. Henry 
Fowler (St. Albans, Herts) had lately been ordained Deacon, 
as curate of Milston. He was not at the Durrington S.P.G. 
meeting, and Mr. Webb never mentioned the Addison entry to 
him, nor had he seen the old Registers. In fact, the incident 
was suppressed as much as possible. 

The Rev. F. A. Radcliffe, Rector of Milston, in a letter to 
me of 5 July, 1899, writes : 

" As regards the entry of Addison's Baptism, the late Mr. Kendall 
assured me that he had seen it, and gave me very much the same 
version of its loss as that of Mr. Webb. The extraordinary thing, 
besides stealing the entry, is that the person who did so tried to con- 
ceal his theft by forging a declaration as follows : 

The several leaves of this Register were cut before 1 saw the book ; also 
the other Registers. 

J. J. TOOGOOD." 

" The signature claiming to be that of Dr. Toogood appears to me to 
be a very poor imitation of Dr. Toogood's writing. Ruddle is inclined 
to think that there were two copies of the Register, but I think the 
declaration was forged to hide the theft." 

Exmouth. FREDERICK BENNETT. 

[On p. 40 the dates 1770 and 1778 should, of course, be 1670 
and 1678. ED.J 



Crundel and Tan-hill (vol. ii, pp. 535-7). This place- 
name has been supposed to be derived from that of an ancient 
owner of adjoining land, named Anne, by the late Prebendary 
Jones, in his history of the Parish of All Cannings (quoted in 
W. N. & O., ii, 536). 

I have lately received valuable information on this 
supposed name from Mr. W. H. Stevenson (of Exeter Coll., 
Oxon), pointing out that the word Anne, as it stands, is an error 
of the scribe of the document (Cod. Dip/., 483, referred to by 
Mr. Jones). 

He says " The scribe of the Wilton Chartulary copies 
" ' Anne ' for the accusative singular of the indefinite article, 
" and ' Anan' looks like some comfusion, and may therefore 
merely mean an 'A.'" 



Crundel and Tanhill. 189 

Thus the " Anne-Stan", "Anne Torn", "Anne Crundel" 
of the document in question, would only mean "a stone", 
"a thorn", "a crundel", instead of, as supposed, an owner's 
name. 

The question as to whether St. Ann or Tan was the older 
name, remains unanswered. 

The present dedication of the Church of All Cannings to 
St. Anne must be disregarded in considering the old history of 
the locality, for the idea that the Church was so dedicated in 
the past is, as Mr. Jones says, " an opinion based on tradition 
" and by no means proves that this was the case originally." 
In Sir Thos. Phillipps' Wilts Institutions, under the year 1492 
(the institution of Richard Warwyn), we meet with the entry 
" Ecclesia Cannyngs Omnium Sanctorum", i.e., Cannyngs All 
Saints. 

The neighbouring parish Church of Stanton St. Bernard 
is also dedicated to All Saints, and there the name of an 
owner, Berners or Barnes, has been added to the name of 
the parish in the form of St. Bernard, a fact known to Miss 
Arnold Forster, who classes this parish under Spurious 
Dedications in her admirable Studies in Church Dedications, just 

published by Skeffington, 1899. 

T. S. M. 



Parish of Shrewton (vol. iii, p. 137). The yardland 
was a virgate, usually 30 acres, and the fourth part of a 

hide. " On the stem" was by day-work. 

C. R. S. 

The ancient division of arable into Yard-lands, in this 
part of Wilts, of about 20 acres, still existed after 1800. For 
example, in 1809, Maddington Farm (which is close to Shrew- 
ton) was in the auctioneer's proposals for sale described as 
composed of these Yard-lands. 

a. r. p. a. r. p. a. r. p. a. r. p. 

1 1 = 31 2 33: 2 = 40 o 24: 2 = 40 i 36 : 2 = 39 o 30: 

i| = 43 3 o: \\ = 31 i o : i 20 2 22 : i = 19 3 20 



1 90 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

No doubt there were here and there pieces of land which 
still for some local cause retained the name where the parish 
had, under some enclosure Act, abolished its old division. In a 
Terrier of North Tedworth, 1783, occurs "a short head land 
called a Yard. But in that parish enclosure does not seem to 
have been then made. 
" On the Stem." 

At a meeting of " The Select Vestry for the care and 
management of the concerns of the Poor" of the parish of 
Durrington, under the old Poor-law, held April 4th 1835, 
appear the names of 1 1 " Stem or Roundsmen set to work on 
Farms 1 '. Nine of them are allotted to six masters. The 
remaining two were, no doubt, to go round where required. 
It is added, "These men are to be paid by the parish". The 
stem men were the able-bodied labourers, who, being unable to 
find employment, were maintained on the stem of the parish to 

which they belonged. 

C. S. RUDDLE. 



MISCELLANEA GENEALOGICA ET HERALDICA. Edited by JOSEPH 
JACKSON HOWARD, LL.D., F.S.A., Maltravers Herald 
Extraordinary. Third Series, Vols. I, II, III. 1894-99. 
London : Mitchell and Hughes, 140, Wardour Street, W. 

THE above quarterly publication having frequently been 
quoted from in our pages, we think it only right that a more 
detailed notice of this handsome and valuable work should be 
laid before our readers. 

It has had an almost continuous existence since 1874, 
during the whole of which period Dr. Howard has edited it 
with his well known ability. It is a work which no genealogist 
can do without, being certain that by consulting its pages, he 
will be able to fill up some of the lacunce in his collections. 



Notes on Books. 191 



Unlike the Genealogist, it has no learned articles, but confines 
itself to printing Registers, Wills, Charters, Deeds, Grants of 
Arms, Funeral Certificates, Pedigrees from various Visita- 
tions and elsewhere, Monumental Inscriptions, entries from 
Family Bibles, in many cases accompanied by valuable notes ; 
a few Notes and Queries occur in each number, with short 
Reviews of Books that treat on such or cognate subjects. It is 
profusely illustrated with arms, bookplates, (the editor has 
perhaps the largest collection in the world), monuments, auto- 
graphs, and, above all, with many beautiful facsimile reproduc- 
tions in colour of grants of arms, charters, etc. Public bodies and 
private individuals could do worse than spend a few pounds in 
reproducing some of their valuable documents in the same way, 
which could then be displayed to the public, without risk of 
loss by fire, or otherwise, of the priceless originals. The 
exhaustive indexes are a pattern to all index-makers. 

Amongst Wiltshire matter are. the monumental inscriptions 
of Beechingstoke, Harden, Ditcheridge, Great Chaldfield and 
Hewish; in the pedigree of the once well known family of 
Dunch, of Berks, occurs the descent of Dunch, of Avebury, 
with its relations to our county families of Mervyn, Modye, 
Button, and Lambert ; in one of Priaulx, of Hants, we find a 
branch settled at Salisbury connected with Mompesson and 
Bouverie, one of whom, Peter, was vicar of Melksham in 1668, 
" who left his estate of Greenhurst in Surrey to William Priaulx, 
of London, and Peter Priaulx, of Sarum, who sold it to John 
Priaulx before 1692" ;John, the uncle of the Vicar of Melksham, 
was successively Rector of Fovant, Long Newnton, and 
Berwick St. John, D.D. 1660, Canon and Archdeacon of Sarum, 
where he was buried with his wife (ob. 1695) in 1674, M.I. ; in 
that of Barker, of Bucks and Berks, kin through Danvers 
to William of Wykeham, by Mr. Cokayne, Clarenceux, we 
think the estoile on the stone in Salisbury Cathedral 
of Mary (Barker) ob. 1665, wife of Dr. William Hearst, of 
Sarum, should be a sun in splendour, and that Jane Goddard, 
wife of Hugh Barker, should be described as of East Woodhay, 



192 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

instead of Woodbury. The same writer contributes Skinners' 
Company Apprenticeships, in which, amongst other Wiltshire- 
men, may be found the following : 

1625, William Awbrey, s. of William, of Chadenwick, gent. 
1675, John Gary, s. of Henry, of Maribrd, haberdasher 

of hats. 
1669, Edward Curie, s. of John, late of Buttermere, gent., 

deceased. 
1684, Rowland Davenant, s. of John, late of New Sarum, 

gent., deceased. 
1669, William Estcourt, s. of Giles, late of Newton, knt. 

and bart., deceased. 

1654, Joseph Forman, s. of Henry, of Calne, yeoman. 
1635, Richard Goddard, s. of Edward, late of Barwick, Esq., 

deceased. 
1659, William Hyde, s. of Edward, late of Sarum, clerk, 

deceased. 
1645, Charles P ley dell, s. of Sir Charles, late of Mudge 

Hall, knt. 
1621, Edward Smyth, 1 s. of Henry, late of Corsham, Esq., 

deceased. 

We find also the Latin will of John Stokes, of Seend, 1498, 
who has a brass at that place, as also that of another John 
Stokes of the same village, clothier, 1664, with one of Gilbert 
Garrard* of Shinfield, 1654 (Visitation of Berks, 1664-6), who 
married the former's daughter Sybil at Seend in 1616 ; he and 
his brother Richard seem to have resided there for a time, as 
the births of some of their children are recorded in the 
Registers. The above are fair samples of what may be found 
in this invaluable work of reference. There are two items in 
the Queries, on which some of our readers may be able to 
give information : on the family of James Lvie, Rector of 
Tollard Royal, ob. 1710, and as to the connexion, if any, 
between Maton, of Milston, and Sir Isaac Newton. 

1 Ts this a grandson or nephew of the " Customer." 

2 He was Exor. to the will of William Tipper, the Seend benefactor. 



CNT OF THE 
iRASS OF 
ICHB1SHOP 
VFFORD IN 
iNTERBURY 
VTHEDRAL. 




jHotes auto (Queries > 



MARCH, 1900. 



STAFFORD OF SUTHWYKE IN NORTH BRADLEY, WILTS, 
AND OF HOKE, DORSET. 




HE following Pedigree of Stafford of Suthwyke, 
and Hoke (hodie Hook) and their immediate descen- 
dants, was given the transcriber about ten years 

f5r' since, when he was investigating the subject, by 

$&* his late kind, much-valued friend, and unequalled 
authority on west-country genealogy, Mr. B. W. Green- 
field, who had himself written comprehensively thereon, 
clearing up several obscure points that had remained unex- 
plained. It has been arranged for convenience in paragraph 
form, the details and dates (with the exception of a few 
additions) being given verbatim. Some supplementary notes 
have been added where such seemed desirable, and were avail- 
able. 

PEDIGREE. 

I. &iv Qoljn gjtrtfforJx, Hint., of Amelcote and Bromshull, co. 
Stafford. He was living in 1361. 

He married first, li?abetij, second daughter of SIR PHILIP 
SOMERVILLE, of Whichnor, co. Stafford, about 1340. By her he had an 
only child Matilda, born 29 Dec. 1340, married before 1355, Edmund 
Vernon, and died before 1379, s.p. Lady Elizabeth Stafford died before 

1355- 

O 






194 Wiltshire Notes and Queries, 



Secondly, he married gabij jplarfjai-ct, daughter of RALPH, first 
EARL OF STAFFORD, who was of Amelcote in 1374. By her he had two 
sons, Humphry and Ralph, of Grafton, co. Worcester, from whom the 
Staffords of Blatherwick, Tottenho, Bradfield, and Malwood. 

II. g*iv 4*)untpl)vt) gtrtfforb, f^ttt., senior, of Suthwyke in right 
of his first wife, and of Hoke, Dorset, in right of his second wife, 
which she held in jointure from her first husband. 

He married first, ^lice, daughter and heir of JOHN GREINVIL, or 
GREYVYLE, of Suthwyke, in North Bradley, co. Wilts. She was aged 
nine years in 1353, married in or before 1365, and was living in 1377. 
John Greiivvil held the manor of Suthwyke, and patronage of the 
Chapel of St. John Baptist in North Bradley, manors and advowsons of 
Farmburgh and Glutton, co. Somerset, and Burmington, co. Warwick. 
His arms, Argent, six lions rampant gules. By her Sir Humphry had 
one son, Humphry, his heir. 

Secondly, he married litabetij, second daughter of SIR WILLIAM 
D'AUMARLE, ot Wodebury, Devon (ob. 1361), and was co-heir of her 
brother William in 1362, when she was aged seventeen years. Sir 
William D'Aumarle held the manors of Wodebury, Devon, Middle- 
Chynnock, Somerset, and Alvredeston, Isle of Wight ; and in 1395, this 
Elizabeth, as cousin and co-heir of Sir John de Meriet, knt. of Meriet 
(with her cousin Margaret, wife of Sir William Bonville, through their 
mother Agnes or Ellen de Meriet, aunt of Sir John de Meriet) inherited 
a moiety ot the manors of Meriet, Great Lopen, and Stratton, co. 
^Somerset. His arms, Perfesse, gules and azure, three crescents argent. 

She was then the widow of SIR JOHN MAUTRAVERS, knt., of Hoke, 
Dorset, and Crowel, co. Oxon. He was born at Hoke, n Nov. 1337, his 
will, dated 16 May 1386, proved at Sarum 19 July 1386. He died 15 June 
1386, and was buried in the Chapel of St. Andrew, in the Abbey Church 
of Abbotsbury. He also held the manors of Stapelford and Over Kent- 
combe, &c., in Dorset. His arms, Sable, a fret or. By him she had two 
daughters, Maud and Elizabeth. 

Maud, eldest daughter and coheir, aged eighteen in 1386, and then 
the wife ot Peter de la Mare, of Offlegh, Herts, who died about 1395, s.p. 
She married secondly, as his first wife, Sir John Dinham, knt., of Boke- 
land Dinham, Somerset, who died about 7 Henry VI, 1428-9, when his 
son John was of full age, and he married secondly a daughter of Lord 
Lovel. She {Maud) died 2 Nov. 1402, s.p. 

Elizabeth, younger daughter and co-heir, married her mother's 
second husband's son Humphry Stafford. 

Elizabeth UAumarle was married to her first husband Sir John 
Mautravers, about 1365, and to her second husband Sir Humphry 
Stafford, before Hilary (January) 1387-8, her will dated 18 Sept. 1405, 
and codicil 13 Oct. 1413, was proved 29 Nov. 1413. 

She died 15 Oct. 1413, leaving no issue by her second husband Sir 
Humphry, and was buried beside both her husbands in the Abbey 
Church of Abbotsbury, 



Stafford of Suthwyke. 195 



Sir Humphry's will dated 5 April, and proved 29 Nov. 1413. He died 
31 Oct. 1413 (surviving his wife a fortnight only), and was buried beside 
her in Abbotsbury Abbey Church. His arms, Or, a chevron gules ; within 
a bordure engrailed sable. 

Sir Humphry had another son named John, (destined to be the 
most celebrated of the race that bore the name of this branch ot Stafford) 
by a mother named <J5mma, of parentage unknown, but who were pro- 
bably located in the neighbourhood of North Bradley. She was admitted 
to the sisterhood of the Priory of the Holy Trinity, Canterbury, of which 
her son, the Archbishop, was a Brother. She died 5 Sept. 1446, and was 
buried in a mortuary chapel in the church of North Bradley. 
[Note. Her effigy is incised on the cover-stone of the tomb, she is clad 
in long robes with wimple and cover-chief; there is a dog at 
her feet, over her head a rich canopy, whose side supports 
rest on a pedestal. On a ledger line is this inscription : 
Hicjacetd'na Emma mater Venerabilisimi patris et domini Dni Joh'is 
Stafford dei gra' Cantuariensis Archiepf que obiit qttinto die 
Mensis Septembris anno d'ni Millesimo CCCC m quadra's' mo 
i>j cuf anime p'picief de' am' . 

Her son, although born under what are termed such adverse circum- 
stances, rose rapidly in the Church, as also the State, even to 
the highest position in both, being successively Dean and 
subsequently Bishop of Bath and Wells, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury a Privy Councillor and Lord Chancellor; a very remark- 
able career. He died on the 6 July 1452. He was buried in the 
"Transept of the martyrdom," in Canterbury Cathedral, under 
a very large marble stone, on which was inlet a splendid brass, 
where, under a fine canopy, his effigy in complete episcopal 
costume, with mitre and crozier was shown. Nothing but the 
indent now remains. (See frontispiece). The inscription was 
on a ledger line, and is thus given by Weever : 
Quis fuit enuclees quern celas saxea moles ? 
Stafford Antistes fuerat dictusque Johannes. 
Qua sedit sede marmor queso simttl ede ? 
Pridem Bathonie, Regni totiiis et inde 
Primas egregius. Pro preside fiinde precatus 
Aiireolam grains huic det de Virgine natus. 
Dr. Grose, in a note on Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, page 387, 

in Vol. ii, of these Notes & Queries, says : 

When John Stafford left Bath and Wells for Canterbury, he was 
succeeded in that Bishopric by one who had been born not 
far from his own (probable) birthplace, by Thomas Beckington. 
For if the Archbishop were born at Bradley, the new Bishop 
first saw the light at Beckington. I have introduced him in 
order that I may reter to a deed which perhaps may throw a 
glimmer of light on the question of the Archbishop's birth. 

O 2 



196 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Bishop Beckington granted certain lands to a Davvbridgecourt, 
who married Beatrice, a relative of the Prelate ; and the deed 
states that these lands had formerly been held by Emma, who 
was mother, and Agnes Bradley, sister of Bishop John 
Stafford." 

From this additional information, we learn the Archbishop had a sister, 
her name Agnes, also that with her mother Emma, they had 
been possessors of lands, and so, presumably, persons of 
some position, and that Bishop Beckington acquired them. 
The appearance of Bishop Beckington here, merits exami- 
nation. He was born in the adjoining parish of Beckington, 
and it is quite probable that the Archbishop and himself, 
being such near neighbours, and both in the Church, were 
great friends, and as Beckington succeeded Stafford in the 
See of Wells, it may be fairly inferred that the Primate used 
his influence for the promotion. Was Beckington the family 
name of the Bishop, or did he adopt it ? The latter the more 
probable, as he is described as Thomas de Beckington, LL.D., 
consecrated to Wells, 13 Oct. 1443, and died 14 Jan. 1464-5. 
So in the grant of lands by him to Dawbridgecourt, the name 
of the parish in which the previous possessors presumably 
lived, Bradley, was adopted, and it is quite surmisable to 
prevent further identification. The Primate, his mother and 
sister, had probably no heirs or representatives to bequeath 
them to, and their transfer to Beckington would be a friendly 
arrangement. 

The Primate placed no surname to his mother on her tomb himself 
boldly assumed his presumed father's name and arms, appar- 
ently without protest trom the family, with whom he was on 
terms of friendship ; and his distinguished position the first 
in the land disarmed any captious exception trom others. 

One more interesting fact has been added to his history, but here the 
clue to further identification ends for the present. An exami- 
nation of the diocesan muniments at Wells may further help 
to clear up this curious bit of mediaeval romance. 

The illustration is from a drawing by Mr. Roscoe Gibbs. 

Sir Humphry Stafford, senior, was sheriff of Dorset, 10 Richard II, 
1387, and 7 Henry IV, 1406. He was one of the Knights of the 
Shire for that County 12 Richard II, 1389, at Cambridge, and 
13, 1 6, 20, of the same King, 1390-7, also i, 5, 8, Henry IV, 
I 399- I 47 at Westminster.] 

III. iv |l)Mm?l)vtj gtafforh, |nt., junior, ot Suthwyke by 
inheritance, and Hoke jure nxoris, "WiTH THE SILVER HAND," 
was aged 34 years and more at his father's death in 1413. 

He married GBlijaUetlj pjlautcawer*, second daughter and co-heir 
of SIR JOHN MAUTRAVERS, KNT., by his wife Elizabeth D'Aumarle, who 



Stafford of Suthwyke. 197 



subsequently became the second wife of his, Sir Humphry's, father. 
She was aged eight years in 1386, heir of her mother and aged thirty- 
three years and more in 1413. She was married in, or before 1399, died 
about 1420, and was buried in St. Anne's Chapel in the Abbey Church ot 
Abbotsbury. 

By her he had four children Richard, John, and William, and 
one daughter, Alice. 

His will was dated 14 Dec. 1441 ; and he died 27 May 1442. He 
founded the Chapel of St. Anne in the Abbey a Church of Abbotsbury, 
wherein he desired to be buried with his wife. 

\Note. He was a Sheriff of Dorset, n and 12 Henry IV, 1410-11, and 
Knight of the Shire, 2 and 5 Henry V, 1415-8, at Leicester, 
and i Henry VI, 1422, at Westminster.] 



IV. ?ir liicljavh Sptafforb, fUnt., eldest son. 

He married about 1415 (as her first husband) ifclaufc, daughter and heir 
of ROBERT LOVELL, ESQ., and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir 
of Sir Guy de Briene, Knt., junior. 

By her he had one daughter, Avice, sole child and heir. She was 
born 4 Dec. 1423, was aged eighteen and married before September 1442, 
on the death of her grandfather Sir Humphry. 

She married about 1438, Sir James Butler, Knt., fifth Earl of Ormond, 
created Earl of Wilts 1449, and K.G. He was taken prisoner after the 
battle of Towton, and beheaded at Newcastle, i May 1461, s.p. His wife 
Avice Stafford having predeceased him, he had married secondly, Eleanor, 
daughter of Edmund Beaufort, Duke ot Somerset, and she married, 
secondly, Sir Robert Spencer, ot Spencer-Combe, Devon. She had issue 
by him two daughters, and died 16 Aug. 1501. 

Avice Stafford died 3 June 1457, s.p., when Humphry, son of her 
uncle, Sir John Stafford, was found her next heir 

Secondly, MAUD LOVELL-STAFFORD (her mother) married JOHN 
FITZALAN, K.G., EARL OF ARUNDEL, who proved his age in 1429 ; his 
will is dated 8 April 1430, proved 15 Feb. 1435. By him she had one son 
Humphry, Earl of Arundel, aged six 1435, and who died a minor, 24 
April 1438. 

Her will was dated 1 1 May, and proved 25 Oct. 1436. She died 19 
May 1436, and was buried with her first husband in St. Anne's Chapel, in 
the Abbey Church of Abbotsbury. Sir Richard had died about 1427, and 
was there interred. 

{Note. He was Knight of the Shire for Dorset, 2 and 3 Henry VI, 1424-5.] 

V. gjtv Holm gktafforfc, &ni. second son. 

He married about June 1426, the marriage contract dated 16 March 
1425-6, when he was abroad, gUwe, daughter of WILLIAM, third LORD 
BOTREAUX (of North Cadbury), by his first wife Elizabeth Beaumont, and 
she died about Oct. 1427. 



198 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



By her he had one son Humphry, died 5 Nov. 1427, and was buried 
at Abbotsbury Abbey Church. 



VI.- Qumpljvu ttaffart, act., only child and heir, heir also to 
his cousin Avice, Countess of Wilts, in 1457. 

He was born at Michaelmas 1427, and died in Scotland 6 Aug. 1461, 
s.p. 

VII. IJJtUtatn ^tafforb, CBsq., of Suthwyke, third son. 

He married ^atljeriite, daughter and coheir of SIR JOHN CHIDIOCK, 
about 1437, the marriage articles dated 1 1 March 1436-7. By her he had 
one son Humphry. 

She married secondly (as his second wife) SIR JOHN ARUNDELL, KNT., 
ot Lanhern, Cornwall, the marriage settlement dated 5 March 1457. His 
first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Lord Morley, married 
April 1446, died about 1447. Sir John Arundell died 12 Nov. 1473. 

She married, thirdly, SIR ROGER LEWKNOR, KNT., who died 4 August 
1478. She died 14 April 1479. 

William Stafford was killed fighting against the rebels under Jack 
Cade at Sevenoaks, Kent, 18 June 1450. 

[Note. He was Sheriff of Dorset, 20 Henry VI, 1442. Sir John Chidiock 
died 28 Henry VI, 1450, his wife was Katherine, daughter of 
Ralph Lumley, died i Edward IV, 1461.] 



VIII. ii? iSttmpljru gjtafforcb, Ijtnt., of Suthwyke, only son 
and heir. 

He was born about 1440, and next heir to his cousin Humphry in 
1461. He was created by Edward IV Baron Stafford, of Suthwyke, 1464, 
and EARL OF DEVON, 7 May 1469. 

He married gtsabel, daughter and heir of SIR JOHN BARRE, KNT., 
and she married secondly SIR THOMAS BOURCHIER, KNT. 

For acting treasonably at Banbury against Edward IV, the Earl was 
apprehended and beheaded at Bridgewater, 17 Aug. 1469: s.p. He was 
buried under an arch of the central tower in Glastonbury Abbey. She 
died i March 1487-8, s.p. 

[Note. His wife was buried with her second husband at Ware, Herts, 
and Weever has preserved the following inscription : 

"Hie iacet Thomas Bourchier miles, filius Henrici Comitis Essex; ac 
Isabella vxor eius nuper Comitissa Dcuon, filia et heres 
Johannis Barre militis ; qui obiit ... 1491 . . . et 
Isabcllaob: i die Marcii 1488,- quorum animabus . . . ." 

He was Sheriff of Dorset, i Edward IV, 1461.] 

IX. 3Utce gttaffovb, only daughter of Sir Humphry Stafford, ot 
Suthwyke, junior, ob. 1442, and sister to the three preceding brothers, 
Richard, John, and William. 



Stafford of Suthwyke. 



She married first SIR EDMUND CHENEY, KNT., of Broke, Wilts, about 
1424. He was born 4 Dec. 1401 ; and died 30 May 1430. By him she 
had two daughters Elizabeth and Anne. 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heir, was born Nov. 1424. She 
married before 1438, Sir John Coleshill, Knt., of Duloe, Cornwall, who 
was of age before 1437, and died 30 March 1484, s.p. She died about 
1492, s.p. 

[Note. He is buried at Duioe, where is his tomb with effigy in a 
Chantry of the Church.] 

Anne, second daughter and co-heir, born 26 July 1428, and married 
before 1445, Sir John Willoughby, Knt., who was aged fifteen in 1437. 
He was killed at Tewkesbury 3 May 1471. By him she had four sons 
and two daughters, Robert, William, Richard, Ed-ward, Cecily and 
Elizabeth. 

Sir Robert Willoughby, eldest son, created Lord Willoughby de 
Broke, and K.G. 12 Aug. 1492. He married Blanche, eldest daughter 
and co-heir oijohn Champerno-wne, of Beer -Ferrers, who died in 1475 ; 
and she was living in 1480. His will was dated 19 Aug. 1502, proved 21 
Dec. 1502. 

[Note. He was buried in the chancel of Callington Church, Cornwall, 
under a fine tomb whereon is his effigy in alabaster, clad in 
full armour, and insignia of the Garter.] 

William, second son, was of Turners-Piddle, Dorset. Richard, 
third son, was of Silton, Dorset. Edward, fourth son, was Dean of 
Exeter Cathedral, and Canon of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. He died 
in 1508. Cecily, was Abbess of Wilton, and died in 1528. Elizabeth, 
married William Carrant of Toomer in Henstridge, Somerset, and was 
living in 1501. 

Secondly, ALICE STAFFORD, married (as his second wife) WALTER 
TAILBOYS, ESQ., of Newton Kyme, Yorkshire, and Golthawe, co. Lincoln. 
He died 13 April 1444. 

By him she had one daughter Alianore, sister of the half blood of 
Elizabeth and Anne Cheney, and co-heir with them of her cousin 
Humphry Stafford, Earl of Devon, in 1469, when she was aged twenty 
seven years and more, and wife of Thomas Strangewayes. 

She married first Thomas Strange-ways, Esq.; his will dated 18 Dec. 
1484, and proved 24 March 1484-5. By him she had two sons, Henry, 
eldest and heir, and Thomas, and one daughter, Joan. 

Thomas, second son, married Elizabeth, daughter of Reginald 
Wal-wyn. 

[Note. He appears to have been the Thomas Strangeways, who as 
executor to his mother Alianore, in Feb. 1505, confirmed the 
foundation of the Strangewayes Chantry or Mass, which she 
had endowed previous to her death in Abbotsbury Abbey 



zoo Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Church, " in consideration of which the Abbot, &c., obliged 
themselves to find for ever a monk, being a priest of the con- 
vent, to celebrate a daily mass in the Chapel of St. Mary in 
the Monastery, for the souls of Alianore, Foundress of the 
Mass, her late husbands, and all her ancestors and descendants 
(therein named), they were bound to pray for ; the monk that 
celebrates it, to receive, at the end of every week, fourteen 
pence for his salary." (Hutchins). 
Joan, only daughter, married Henry Champneys. 
Secondly, she married John Twynyho, who died about November, 
1485, s.p. 

\Nole. The Twynyho's were of Turnworth, Dorset, and there was a 
branch in co. Gloucester. A John Twynyho of Cirencester, 
12 Edward IV, 1473, founded a perpetual Chantry for one 
Chaplain at the altar of St. Blase in the church of Lechlade. 
Their arms Argent, a chevron between three lapwings sable.'} 

Thomas Strangewayes died in 1484 his wife Alianore, her will dated 
ii Feb. 1500-1, proved 15 Apl. 1502, died 2 April 1502, and both 
were buried in the Lady Chapel of the Abbey Church of Abbotsbury. 

\Note. Thomas Strangewayes, senior, born 1430, is described as of 
Stinsford, " and was the first that settled in this county, being 
brought into these parts by Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset, 
who married Cicely Bonville, the great heiress of Shute, in 
Devon. He married i Edward IV, 1460, and by his wife had a 
great part of the estate of the Staffords. His relict lived to be 
a very great age, and parted not the lands (between the issue 
of Sir Edmund Cheney, her mother's first husband, and her 
own), till 1492 7, Henry VII, her household goods being 
parted after her death in 1502." (Hutchins.) 

He appears to have had two other sons, John and James. 

James Strangeways " he married Lady Catherine Gordon, then widow 
of Matthew Cradoc, of Cardiff. His will, dated 30 Nov. 1516, 
proved 9 Jan. 1516-17, orders his body to be buried in the 
Abbey Church of St. Mary Overie, Southwark, but he seems to 
have been buried in Abbotsbury Abbey Church. His wife re- 
married Christopher Asheton, of Fyfield, Berks her will, dated 
12 Oct., and proved 5 Nov. 1537, ordered her body to be in- 
terred in the church there. Dugdale has preserved his epitaph 
formerly in the Abbey : 

Hicjacet corpus Jacobi Strangways, armigeri, qui obiit octavo idus Dec. 
A.D. M.CCCCC . . n, pro cujus anima celebrabitur ad praesens 
altare, in perpetiiam missa cotidiana, ex ordinatione, etfunda- 
tione dominae Katerinae Gordon, consortis suae: quorum 
animac perpetua pace quiescant. Amen. (Hutchins).] 



Stafford of Suthwyke. 201 

Henry Strangeways, Esq., eldest son, was ot Melbury Sampford, 
Dorset, and married Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Artendell, of Lau- 
herne, Cornwall, by his wife Katherine, daughter and heir of Sir John 
Chidiock; his will was proved 10 May 1504. 

\Note. He was the first that possessed Melbury Samptord. He appears 
to have married first, Elizabeth, daughter of John Wadham, 
by whom he had a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Sir Thomas 
Trenchard, of Wolveton, as his first wife, and three children 
by Katherine Chidiock Giles, his heir, ob. 1547, John and 
Mary.~] 

The Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter at Abbotsbury, 
appears to have been founded by Orcus, a native of Rouen, 
about A.D. 1026, in succession to a religious establishment that 
had existed on the same spot "from the very infancy of 
Christianity among the Britons." It was well endowed, and 
presided over by a succession of about twenty Abbots, termi- 
nating with Roger Roddon alias Gorton, who, with the Prior 
and ten Monks, surrendered the Monastery to Henry VIII, 
12 March 1539. Almost immediately after, the site of the 
Monastery, Manor, and lands around, were granted to Sir Giles 
Strangeways, Knt. (the son of Henry Strangeways, ob. 1504), 
with whose descendants its possession still remains. The 
dismantling of the Abbey and Church appears to have at once 
taken place, but " the Chapel of St. Mary at the east end, of 
most excellent workmanship, Sir Giles Strangeways preserved 
this curious Chapel for his place of sepulture, but it was after- 
wards demolished." Included in this the Lady Chapel 
was the Clopton Chantry, founded by a family of that name of 
whom there is little record, but who appear to have been 
identified both with Dorset and Somerset, a Baldwin Clopton, 
of Clopton, being mentioned as early as temp. Henry III, 
1216-72, (their arms -Argent^ a chevron between three eagles 
displayed azure), the Chapel of St. Andrew, and the Chapel of 
St. Anne, founded by Sir Humphry Stafford, wherein so many 
of their race had been interred, as also several of the Strange- 
ways, but Sir Giles was buried at Melbury, where is his 
tomb with effigy. The arms of the Abbey were Azure, six keys 
addorsed in three pairs, or. 



2O2 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Only a few comparatively insignificant portions of these 
edifices now remain ; and, speaking of the Conventual Church, 
Hutchins says (edition 1774): 

" It seems to have stood a little north of the Abbey, and parallel 
to the parish church, between both (as at Muchelney) as may be 
judged by an ancient low gate probably one of the porches on the 
north side opposite the Abbey house. A little west of the said gate is a 
large heap ot ruins, under some large elms, where perhaps the tower 
stood ; so that, it being entirely destroyed, we are left to judge of its 
beauty and grandeur, by the fondness of the nobility and gentry of these 
parts being buried there, and for erecting chantries and chapels in it." 

Thus from this life the name and succession of the 
knightly family of Stafford, erstwhile of Suthwyke and Hook, 
lapsed to extinction; and the stately edifice, within which at 
death they found their last resting-place, also disappeared, both 
becoming a memory of the Past only. 

" Where stood the tower, there grows the weed, 

Where stood the weed, the tower, 
The present hour no likeness leaves, 
To any future hour." 

W. H. H. ROGERS. 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 
(Continued from p. 161). 



COURT OF AUGMENTATIONS. PROCEEDINGS [Bundle 15, 
No. 18.] [temp. Henry VIII?] 

To the Ryght honorable Sir Richard Rytche Kynght (sic) 

Chauncelour of Kynges Courte of the Augmentation 

oj the revenues of his graces Crowne. 

Compleyning sheweth vnto your good mastership your 
dayly oratores and pore bedemen, Richard Ballard and Jamys 
Welche, as well for them sylves as the other pore inhabi- 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 203 

tanttes of the township of Bratton, lately belonging to the 
rector of Eddyngton, in the county of Wyltshere, and nowe 
within the surveye of thys honorable courte that Wheras 
tyme out of mynd the inhabitanttes and fermoures of cer- 
teyn places and stedys, named Rodlandes Stortones, the 
thykkettes Rowbrechis lyddes hedynghill, with other landes 
and tenementtes and serteyn smale close and pasturages to 
the premissez appertinent the Which fermoures of Rod- 
londes and other places above rehersyd lyen and byn 
scituat wythin the precynkt of the parisshe of Bretton 
Foresayd have byn chargyd and byn contributorie vnto the 
charges of the XV th and subcides and other imposicions at 
suche tyme as the sayd XV th subsidie or other imposicions 
were to be lymytted evenly with your pore oratores ac- 
cordynge to the proporcion rate and value of ther sayd 
Fermys and landes, and other the premissez, and have byn 
rated, valued and taxid, at the tyme and tymyes before 
sayd for the sayd XV th subsidies and other imposicions 
within the sayd parisshe of Bretton, and not ellys 
where as parisshioners of barton (sic), and as occupiores 
and Fermoures of the premissez lying and being within 
the parisshe of breton beforesayd. Vntyll now of late, that 
is to say at the Feast of Saynt Michell tharchaungell last 
past and the Feast of Ester Allso nowe last past that one 
Thomas Pryver, Henry Long, Robert Wattes and Nicholas 
Clerke with diverse other Inhabitanttes of the towne of 
Westbury vnder the playne within the county before sayd 
comfortyd and supportyd by the lord Mountjoy have 
Forsably, riotously, and wrongfully entryd into the comon 
pasture belongyng vnto the sayd towne and Parisshe of 
Bretton and to the Inhabitanttes of the same, and then and 
there toke lede dryve oute of the sayd Comon, the catell 
going and departyng vpon the sayd Comon, perteyning and 
belongyng to your pore oratores and them impowndyd in 
Westerbury foresayd, and wold in no wyse suffer your 



204 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

sayd pore oratores to have agayn there sayd catell, ail- 
though they were therunto requiryd vntyll suche tyme as 
they, your sayd pore oratores, dyd toward the charge of 
the XV th of the sayd towne of Westerbury become contri- 
butories and chargable, that is to saye, to the summe of 
xxxs. ageynst all ryght equite and good consience, and 
agaynst the auncient vsage and custome of the levying and 
gatherynge of the XV th , and vnto the great disquietinge 
losse and hindrance of your sayd pore oratores, the Inhabi- 
tanttes of the sayd parisshe and towne of bratton before 
sayd. In consideracion whereof it maye please your good 
mastership to graunt Forthe the kynges most gracious 
letters of privye scale vnto the sayd Thomas Priver, 
Henry Longe, Robert Wattes and Nicholas Clerke to be 
directed willinge and enjoyninge them by vertue of the 
same at a certeyne daye and vnder a certeyne payne by 
your good mastership to be prefixed and appoynted not 
only personally to appere before your good mastership to 
make answere vnto thys byll, but further to stand to and 
abyde by suche order direccion and finall determynacion 
in the premyssez as shall seme and appere vnto your 
Mastership to stand with equite and consience, and your 
pore oratores shall dayly [pray] to God for thencrese of 
your honor to goddes pleesure long to endure. 

Answer of Thomas Pryver, Henry Long, Robert Wattes and 
Nicholas Clark to the bill of complaint. 1 

The defendants say that the said bill hath been con- 
trived only of malice, &c. And further answer that the 
said certain lands called Storton's mentioned in the said bill 
is the inheritance of the Lord Sturton, and that Richard 
Ballard, one of the plaintiffs, holdeth the same in farm of 
the said Lord Sturton, and the lands and farm called the 
"thykketts Rowbreches and lydes," is the inheritance of 

1 Abstract of the original. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 205 

Sir John Arundell, knight, and that James Welche, the 
other plaintiff, is farmer thereof; also that a farm called 
Semers, not mentioned in the said bill, is the inheritance 
of 1 Stowell, and l Barnfelde, the king's 

wards being in their minority ; and that the foresaid farms 
be between Bretton and Westbery under the pleyne. And 
the defendants say that Bretton is but a hamlet belonging 
to Westbery, and that the lands and farms before men- 
tioned belong to the Town of Westbery and not to the 
hamlet -of Bretton. Which Westbery and the hamlets of 
the same is one hundred in itself, belonging to Lord 
Mountjoy, Lord Storton, and Sir John Arundell and 
others. And they say that Lord Storton, Sjr John 
Arundell and the said Stowell and Barnfelde be lords of 
Westbury and the hamlet of Bretton, without that the 
township or hamlet of Bretton did lately belong to the 
Rector of Edyngton, or is within the survey of this Court 
as in the said bill is untruly alleged. Further, they say 
that time out of mind the said farms have been always 
charged and been contributory for the XV th when levied 
on the Inhabitants and Township of Westbery ; the said 
farmers being certainly rated what they shall pay at every 
XV th , that is to say, each farmer xs.: and so the said 
farmers, time out of mind of man, at every XV th granted 
by parliament, have vsed to pay to the said town of 
Westbery, the said fermes between them, xxxs. without any 
denial thereof made. The Defendants say also that because 
the complainants and the farmer of Semer's farm denied 
at the said feasts mentioned in the bill to be contributory 
to and with the said Defendants and the other par- 
ishioners of Westbury and to pay the said xxxs., the said 
Defendants to the intent to levy the said xxxs. according 
to old usage, in the name of all the other inhabitants 

1 Blank in the original. 



206 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

distrained the cattle of the complainants and of the farmer 
of Semer's farm, going upon the said Common which 
belongeth as well to the inhabitants of Westbery as to the 
inhabitants of Bretton, and impounded the cattle in the 
pound at Westbery as was lawful for them to do; without 
that the said places, land and farms called Stortons, &c., 
be within the precinct of the parish of Bretton ; or that 
there is any such parish called Bretton or Bracton, but 
only a chapel, which belongeth to Westbury, because 
Bratton is within the parish of Westbyre, or that the said 
farmers are contributory to the XV th according to the value 
of their farms and lands within the supposed parish of 
Bretton. Or that the Defendants distrained for any XV th 
for the places called Rodlands and Heddinghill or for any 
parcell of the same. Or that, &c., &c., as the complainants 
most falsely and slanderously have alledged. And they say 
that the bill is determinable at the Common law and not 
within the survey of this Court, wherefore they pray to be 
dismissed with their reasonable costs in this behalf sus- 
tained. 

THE WILL OF RALPH ALDRIDGE. [P. C. C. Wills, 
55 Noodes.] 

A.D. 1558. In the name of God, Amen. In the xviii th 
daye of September in the yere of cure lorde God, a thou- 
saunde five hundred fiftie and eight, I, Raaf Alridge, and 
of the parrishe of Brattone, in the countie of Wilshire, 
husbandman, seeke in bodie but parfite in mynde and 
remembraunce, laude and praise be geven vnto God, doe 
make and ordeyne this, my wille and testamente, vnder 
the fourme hereafter followinge, that is to say. First and 
principally, I give and bequeath my soule vnto allmighti 
God, my Redemer and Saviour, vnto our blessed Ladie and 
vnto all tholly company of heaven, And my bodie to be 
buried in the church yarde of my parrishe churche of litell 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 207 

Stoke in Bratton aforesaid. Item, I bequeath to my mother 
churche of Sarum, vjW. Item, I bequeathe to the mayn- 
tenance of my parishe Churche, vjs. viijV. Item, I be- 
queathe to the reparacionnes of the hiegh wayes in 
Bratton, twoo loades of Stone in the hie waye at Thomas 
Adames doore, At Pittrowe one loade, At the places going 
towards Berye one load. Item, I bequeath to my daughter, 
Agnes Axford, my yeeres of my parte in the ferme of 
Bratton, and so after the deathe of the saide Agnes, in 
case the yeres be not expired and ended, the Residewe of 
them to Richard, her eldest sonne during his life. And if 
the said Richard depart afore the yeres be fully expired, 
that then the Residewe of the yeres to the next sonne of 
the said Agnes, and so from one sonne and daughter to 
another during the yeres in the lease expressed. Provided 
alwaies that the saide Agnes or her assignees or any of 
the said children shall not geve it nor selle itt during the 
yeres. Further, I will, that in case the said Agnes Axford 
or her assignees cannot fulfille and stoore her grounde 
herself that thenne she shall permitte and suffer their 
brother Richard for his monney to stuff it before any other 
man. Furthermore, I wille that my sonne in lawe, Robert 
Kingston, to have going vppon the said ground of the said 
ferme xl sheepe for the space of tenne yeres, paying no 
pay for them so going. Item, I bequeathe to the said 
Agnes Axforth, iij/z. vjs. v'md. in money or mony worthe, 
and xl sheepe to ronne at the Leete. Item, I bequeath 
to my daughter, Margarett Kyngton, \\\li. vjs. v'riid., and xl 
sheepe to ronne at the Leete. Item, I bequethe to every 
one of my daughters childers [children] twoo sheepe apece 
at discracion and the deliveraunce of my sonne Richard 
Allridge. Item, I bequeath to Master Vicar off Westburye 
iijs. iiijd. Item, to Sir Robert Hill, Curate, iijs. \\\]d. Item, I 
bequeathe to Alice Myntie, my servaunte, an heckforth. Item, 
to Joane Vstys a Cowe. Item, to Agnes Myntye an hecforth. 



208 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Item, to Alice Tocre and Joane White iiij busshelles wheate a 
pece. Item, I bequeath to Nicholas Parker, my servaunt, x\s. 
in money. The Residewe of my goodes moveable and 
vnmoveable, my legacies contented and paid I geve and 
bequeathe to my sonne Richard Alridge, whome I make and 
ordayn my full and hole executor to see this my will and 
testament truly perfourmed, and my bodie honnestlie brought 
in erthe. Witnesses herunto I make my Welbeloved neigh- 
bours, Walter Markes, thelder, John Sheppard alias Bouchar, 
John Rawlins, John Bouchar the youngar. Sir Robert Holl, 
curate. 

[The above written will was proved at London, 14 
October, A.D. 1558.] 

EXCHEQUER BILLS AND ANSWERS. [Elizabeth. Wilts. No. 5.] 

To the right honorable the Lord Treasurer of England, and to 
the Chancellor and Barons of the Court of the Exchequer. 

Showeth, as Gilbert Gerrarde, attorney-general to the 
Queen. That where the late King Edward VI was seized by 
the right of his crown of England of and in the manors of 
Steple Asheton and Bratton, in the county of Wilts, and also 
of the manor of Northstoke, in the county of Somerset ; and 
also of and in divers messuages, lands, and hereditaments in 
Steple Ashton and Bratton and Northstoke, of the clear yearly 
value of cxl. //, and the said late king died so seized. After 
whose death the said manors and other the premisses came to 
the lale Queen Mary as his sister and heiress. By force 
whereof the said late Queen Maty all the profits thereof did 
receive and take to her own use until the day of her death. 
After whose death the said manors and other the premisses 
descended to our sovereign lady the Queen's majesty that now 
is, as her sister and heir. By force whereof our said sovereign 
lady the Queen is now thereof seized accordingly, and ever 
since the death of the said late Queen Mary hath been yearly 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 209 

answered of all the rents and profits of the said manors, lands, 
and tenements, with the wood sales and casualties thereof, 
amounting to the clear yearly value of cxl//'. or thereabouts, 
over and above all charges and reprises. And yet nevertheless 
so it is that diverse evidences, letters patents, deeds, and 
writings touching the said manors, lands, and tenements are 
casually come to the hands or possession of the right honour- 
able John, Marquis of Winchester, by colour whereof the said 
Marquis at sundry times hath not only by open speech pub- 
lished that he hath some right and interest of inheritance in 
the said manors, lands, and tenements by force of some letters 
patents and writings in his custody, or by some enrolments 
thereof, but also hath caused divers other persons at several 
times openly to affirm the same to be true against all equity 
and conscience, and thereupon the Marquis hath practised by 
some means not only to make privy and secret entries in and 
upon the said manors, lands, and tenements, but also to take 
some part of the profits thereof to the disinheritance of our 
said sovereign lady if speedy remedy therein should not be 
provided. In consideration whereof and for the better pre- 
servation of the inheritance of our said sovereign lady the 
Queen in the said manors and other the premisses, and also 
forasmuch as the true dates of a certain number of the said 
letters patents, deeds and writings now remaining in the 
custody of the said Marquis be not certainly known nor 
wherein the same be contained, And therefore by order of 
the common law cannot specially be demanded against him. 
The said attorney-general prayeth for and in behalf of our 
said sovereign lady the Queen that the Marquis of Winchester, 
by process of subpoena to be directed out of their Court, may be 
called not only to make answer to all the premisses, but also 
by the same process may be commanded to bring with him 
into the Court all such letters patents, deeds, and writings as 
he or any other to his use hath in his or their possession or 
custody touching the said manors, lands, and tenements or any 
part thereof. And that thereupon such further order may be 

p 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



taken in all the premisses as to equity and conscience shall 
appertain. 

[Signed] G. GERRARD. 

The Answer of John, Marquis of Winchester, to the Information 
of Gilbert Gerrard, Esquire, Attorney-General to the Queen. 

The said Marquis until the time of the said bill of informa- 
tion exhibited against him did not understand certainly what 
title he had unto the manors, etc., but since upon search 
thereof made hath found that the said several manors were 
granted by the late King Edward VI unto William, Marquis of 
Winchester, deceased, father unto the now Marquis, and his 
heirs, for his services and for other considerations as in the 
enrolment of the letters patents is mentioned, but what rents 
and profits of the said manors were received by the said 
William, late Marquis, or for how long, or for what causes 
he at any time did forbear the receipt thereof, the defendant 
for want of sufficient time to inquire knoweth not as yet. And 
as touching the letters patents concerning the said several 
manors of Steple Ashton, Bratton, and Northstoke, supposed 
to be come to the possession of the said Marquis, the said 
now Marquis saith that he hath not to his remembrance at any 
time seen the said letters patents, nor doth know where the 
same remain. And as unto other the premisses in the towns, 
parishes, and fields of Steple Ashton and Bratton, mentioned 
in the said Bill, the said defendant saith that the late King 
Edward VI by letters patents under the great seal of England, 
now in the defendant's hands, dated ist May, 4 Edward VI, 
did grant the said grange and farms of Steple Ashton and 
Bratton, and other the premisses unto the said William, the 
late lord Marquis of Winchester, and to his heirs for ever. 
After which the said late Marquis was lawfully seized of the 
premisses in his demesne as of fee, and the issues and profits 
thereof received until his death about three years ago. After 
whose death the said Court remembered premisses descended, 
and of right ought to descend unto the said now Marquis, as 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 2 \ i 

son and heir of the said William, and by force thereof is now 
lawfully seized of the said last remembered premisses in his 
demesne as of fee, without that King Edward VI, died lawfully 
seized of the said site, capital, messuage, or manor house of 
Steple Asheton, and other the said premisses, &c., or that the 
said late Queen died seized thereof, &c., or that the same by 
and after her death descended to the Queen's Majesty that 
now is, or that she hath been or ought to be yearly answered 
of the rents. For true it is that the said defendant and the 
late Marquis, his father, have taken the profits of divers 
parcels, sometime parcels of the said manors of Stepleashton 
and Bratton (and as he taketh it) by virtue of the other letters 
patents, other than the said first mentioned letters patents, the 
certainty whereof for lack of sufficient search before this 
answer made he certainly cannot vouchsafe, howebeit if it shall 
otherwise fall out, viz., that such profits as they have taken of 
any part of the said manors cannot be satisfied by any other 
letters patents than are mentioned in the said bill, the said 
defendant trusteth that he ought not to be impeached therefore. 
. . . . All which matters the said defendant is ready to 
answer, &c., and prayeth to be dismissed, &c. 

The replication of Gilbert Gerrarde, Esquire, &c., to the answer 
of the Marquis of Winchester. 

The said attorney-general in behalf of the Queen saith in 
all things as before, and further for replication saith that true 
it is that by the enrolment of letters patents yet in record that 
the said late King Edward VI by letters patents, dated 26 June 
[? January] in the 3rd year of his reign, granted to William, 
late Lord Marquis of Winchester, and his heirs, by the name 
of William, Lord St. John, and Earl of Wiltshire, among other 
things the said manors of Stepleashton, Bratton, and North- 
stoke, as by the said enrolments not cancelled nor made void 
more plainly doth appear. But immediately after that grant so 
made the said late Marquis, in consideration of another grant 

of some part of the said manors and divers other manors, 

p 2 



212 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

lands, and tenements to him to be made by King Edward VI 
by other letters patents, did fully agree to surrender to the 
said late king not only the former letters patents, but also all 
his interest of and in the said manors, lands, and tenements 
therein contained. And thereupon King Edward VI by his 
other letters patents, dated i May in the fourth year of his 
reign, did grant unto the late Marquis, by name of William, 
Lord St. John, &c., all that the grange of Bratton and the 
capital, messuage, and demesne lands of Steeple Asheton, in 
the county of Wilts, and also the manors of Imber, Tynehede, 
and Edington Romseyes, in the county of Wilts, and divers 
other lands mentioned in the said letters patents to hold to 
him and his heirs. By force whereof the said late lord Mar- 
quis entered into all the said manors, &c., so given by the said 
last letters patents. And after his death the same descended 
to the said now Marquis, who at present doth enjoy the same. 
Further the attorney saith that it is evident by many records 
of accounts that the said late Marquis, according to the said 
surrender of the letters patents of the 3rd year, did content 
himself with the manors, &c., to him given by the second 
letters patents, and did always during his life suffer as well to 
the said late King Edward, as also the late Queen Mary and 
the Queen's Majesty that now is, all the manors, lands, and 
tenements expressed in the former letters patents, except such 
parcels thereof as were given in the second letters patents. 
By force whereof the said late King and Queen and the 
Queen's Majesty that now is have yearly been answered of all 
the yearly profits of the said manors, &c., except before 
excepted, without any let or claim by any person until now of 
late that the said now lord Marquis, by himself or some of his 
servants or officers, by colour of the said enrolment of the 
former letters patents yet uncancelled, hath secretly published 
some right in and to the said manors of Steeple Ashton, &c., 
mentioned in the former patents. Wherefore the premisses 
considered and forasmuch as the now Marquis in his answer 
maketh no claim to the said manors, &c., mentioned in the 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 213 

bill of information, the said attorney-general, in behalf of the 
Queen, prayeth for the better assurance of her Majesty's title 
that the said Marquis be enjoined not only to confess in the 
High Court of Chancery that the said former inrollments 
may be made void, but to deliver to this Court the said former 
letters patents if they be in his custody, according to the 
intent of the late lord Marquis, his father. 

[Signed] G. GERRARD. 

The Rejoinder of the Marquis of Winchester. 

The Defendant not acknowledging the truth of the 
replication, saith that the late Marquis did receive the profits 
of divers parcels of the said lands and tenements to him 
conveyed in the former letters patents, and not expressly men- 
tioned in the second letters patents, as namely, from certain 
woods, &c., in Steeple Ashton, and of another wood in the 
parish of Bradley, co. Wilts, whereof the late Marquis was 
seized by virtue of the first letters patents from the time 
of the date of the same until his death, but whether by virtue 
of the former or later letters patents the Defendant knoweth 
not. And this Defendant also took the profits thereof until 
now of late he was injoined to the contrary. And forasmuch 
as agreement to surrender his right cannot be proved other- 
wise than that the late Marquis did, as is surmised, forbear to 
take the profits thereof, and forasmuch as it is evident he did 
not forbear the taking of the profits in the woods mentioned, 
the said Defendant prayeth to be allowed to continue his 
possession in the same according to his right, and for all such 
manors, lands, and tenements mentioned in the former letters 
patents now remaining in her Majesty's hands, the Defendant 
upon the true understanding of the certificate of the said John 
Myllesent upon his oath and of the accounts of the said Lord 
Chidiock Pawlett, 1 supposed to be made of the manor of Imber 



1 These are not mentioned by name in the foregoing replication. 



214 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

mentioned in the replication, and also of the said records of 
accounts whereby the said late Marquis should charge himself 
to the late King Edward by .... in his own name of 
the rents of assize of the free and customary tenants for the 
same year due for the manor of Imber granted to him in and 
by the first letters patents, and of all other things not (?) fully 
alleged in the said Replication, this Defendant is ready to 
stand to such order as this honourable Court will award. 

(70 be continued.) 



WILLIAM OF EDINGTON, 

FOUNDER OF EDINGTON PRIORY, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER, 

AND FIRST PRELATE OF THE MOST NOBLE 

ORDER OF THE GARTER. 



A.D. 1300-1366. 

This great Englishman we have read somewhere that it 
was mainly through his influence that English was first sub- 
stituted for Latin or Norman-French in Parliament and the 
Law Courts has been somewhat lost sight of, eclipsed by his 
disciple and successor, William of Wykeham, to whom, as 
Milner remarks, he was alone inferior in virtues and talents ; 
the same writer goes on to say that "justice has never been 
done to the memory of so great a benefactor to Winchester 
Cathedral ; of this, his Chantry is a convincing proof, which has 
been mutilated in former times, and is consigned to dust and 
oblivion in this." 

He was born about 1300 in or near Edington, from which 
place his family seems to have taken its name ; we learn from 
the Cartulary of that Priory that Sir John of Edington was his 
brother, whose son John was Rector in 1351, and that Roger 
and Avise were the names of his parents. In Bedford's Blazon 
of Episcopacy three coats of arms are assigned to him, viz., 
i. Or, on a cross engrailed gules five cinque foils ( ? pierced) of 



William of Edington. 2 1 5 

the field; 1 2, Three bars wavy; 3, Azure, two lions passant or, 
a bordure argent. By tracing these coats it might be possible 
to discover to what family he belonged ; is there extant an 
example of the Arms of his parents or brother? In 1344 he 
obtained the prebend of Netheravon, 1345-56 he was the King's 
Treasurer, and then Chancellor, an office which he held for 
six years ; in 1346 he was appointed to the See of Winchester 
by Pope Clement VI at the King's request. 2 In 1366 he was 
elected to Canterbury, but declined from humility and advancing 
years, although his detractors, quoting his alleged words, 
" Canterbury is the higher rack, but Winchester is the richer 
manger," have credited him with avarice, contradicted by his 
life and works. His obit was kept at Salisbury on Oct. n. 

Both Bedford and the writer of a somewhat unappreciative 
memoir in the Dictionary of National Biography, repeat the 
frequent error of his having been interred at Edington, whereas 
it is well known that he was buried in his Cathedral, south of 
the choir steps, in a chantry where his effigy in pontificalibus 
can be seen lying on an altar tomb of alabaster or white 
marble, as Dingley says, who also adds, that he was a favourite 
of Edward III, and " the first caused Groats and Twopences 
to be coin'd in England 1350"; around the edge in blue enamel 
is the following inscription : 

Edyndon natus Wilhelmus hie est tumulatus 
Praesul praegratus in Wintonia cathedratus 
Oui pertransitis ejus memorare velitis 
Providus et mitis ausit cum mille peritis 
Pervigil Anglorum fuit adjutor populorum 
Dulcis egenorum pater et protector eorum 
MC tribus junctum post LXV sit I punctum 
Octava Sanctum notat hunc Octobris inunctum. 

1 Canon Jackson mentions another, Or, on a cross engrailed five mullets 
pierced (probably meant for the above) as occurring on a private deed of 
the Bishop's in the Archives of Winchester College; the Bursar, Mr. 
T. F. Kirhy, writes that there are three or four examples of the Bishop's 
secretum bearing the first of the three coats assigned to him by Bedford, and 
a power of attorney (26 Edw. Ill) from Edington to dilecttim clericum suum 
Willelmum de Wykfiam to receive seisin of lands at Meon Stoke in Hants, 
attached to which, however, is the well known seal of Henry Esturmy, and 
not that of the bishop. 

2 For his other benefices, see Aubrey and Jackson, p. Sli), 



216 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



His statue has recently been placed in the Cathedral 
reredos ; he is in full episcopal habit, and in his right and left 
hands respectively are his two great architectural works, 
Edington Priory and Winchester Cathedral. 

We append his Will (never before, we believe, published), 
which Canon Jackson, writing in 1862, says has not been 
found. 

Will of Bishop Edington, 1366 (no* Langhorne). 

In nomine et honore sancte et individue Trinitatis patris et filii et 
spiritus sancti Amen. Ego Willelmus de Edyndon miseratione divina 
Wyntoniensis Episcopus anno domini millesimo CCC mo lxvj to mensis 
Septembris die vndecimo compos mentis existens laudetur deus, con- 
siderans tamen conditionem fragilitatis humane et qualiter omni creature 
tarn sublimi quam humili pretereuntibus suo cursu diebus presentis vite 
finis apparebit prevenire cupio quantum mihi ex alto permittitur diem 
mortis mee, et de me et bonis meis disponere ac etiam ordinare. Vnde 
de me ipso et rebus mihi a deo collatis ante condendi testamentum sic 
ordino et dispono et testamentum meum condo et facio in hunc modum. 
In primis lego et commendo animam meam omnipotenti deo creatori meo 
et corpus meum terre ad sepeliendum me in ecclesia mea Cathedrali 
Wyntoniensis in naui dicte ecclesie vbi monachi ejusdem diebus 
dominicis et festinis stare solent in processione aut alibi in dicta ecclesia 
vbi prior ejusdem et executores mei duxerint ordinandum et me fore 
tumulandum. De bonis autem que mihi contulit dementia salvatoris 
sic dispono et ordino. Videlicet quod post expensas ad honorem dei 
ratione funeris mei serui sui factas quas committo disposicioni et dis- 
crecioni executorum meorum omnia debita mea primo soluantur deinde 
legata prout inferius scribuntur legatariis persoluantur. Item lego 
venerabili patri domino Simoni Ecclesie Cantuariensis electo confirmato 
Cancellario Anglic vnum annulum aureum cum vno rubie et vnum iocale 
ad valorem xx/z. Item lego venerabili patri domino Johanni Bathoniensi 
et Wellensi Episcopo Thesaurario Anglic vnum anulum aureum cum 
vno rubie et vnum iocale ad valorem xx/z'. Item lego domino Willelmo 
de Wykham clerico priuati sigilli domini Regis vnum anulum aureum 
cum vno rubie et vnum iocale ad valorem xx/z. Item lego domino 
David Wollore vnum iocale valoris xx/z'. Item lego venerabili patri 
domino Roberto Episcopo Sarum vnum anulum aureum cum vno rubie 
et xl/z'. de pecunia quam michi debet. Item lego C marcas in subsidium 
et augmentacionem Cantarie apud Wappenham in Archidiaconatu 
Northampton pro anima magistri Gilberti de Middleton fundate et 
ordinate conuertendas juxta discrecionem executorum meorum. Item 
lego centum marcas ad distribuendas inter pauperes de parentela 
domini Ade Wyntoniensis predecessoris mei immediati et inter alios 
pauperes per consilium domini Thome Roffensis Episcopi et iuxta 
discretionem executorum meorum. Item lego fratri Hugoni Priori 



William of Edington. 2 1 7 



ecclesie mee Sancti Swithini Wyntoniensis xx//. ad orandum pro anima 
mea. Item lego cuilibet monacho ejusdem ecclesia in ordine sacerdotali 
constitute ad celebrandum missas et orandum pro anima mea centum 
solidas. Item lego cuilibet altero monacho de dicta ecclesia in ordine 
presbiteratus non constitute quinque marcas ad orandum pro anima mea. 
Item lego domino Thome Abbati de Hida juxta Wynton, ad celebrandum et 
orandum pro anima mea xx marcas.. Item lego cuilibet monacho pres- 
bitero in dicta domo de Hida ad celebrandum et orandum pro anima mea 
Ixs. Item lego cuilibet altero monacho in dicta domo non presbitero ad 
orandum pro anima mea xly. Item lego domine Isabelle Abbatisse de 
Romeseye vnum anulum cum vno rubie ad orandum pro anima mea et 
xx//. Item lego conuentui de Romeseye xx//. inter eas distribuendas 
ad orandum pro anima mea. Item lego Abbatisse et Conventui Sancte 
Marie Wyntoniensis ad orandum pro anima mea xx marcas inter eas 
distribuendas. Item lego Abbatisse et Conventui de WhereWell ad 
orandum pro anima mea xx marcas inter eas distribuendas. Item lego 
fratri Johanni Rectori Domus mee de Edyndon ad celebrandum et oran- 
dum pro anima mea xx//. et vnam cuppam argenteam cum cooper- 
culo. Item lego cuilibet fratri Religioso in dicta domo ad cele- 
brandum et orandum pro anima mea Cs. Item lego Ricardo de 
Lauynton et Edithe vxori sue et liberis eorundem xl//. Item lego 
eidem Edithe vnam robam meam integram furratam. Item lego Johanni 
Butesthorn et Gonde vxori sue quinquaginta //. quas michi debent. Item 
lego eidem Gonde vnam robam meam bonam integram furratam. 
Item lego Abbati et Conuentui de Certesia ad celebrandum et orandum 
pro anima mea et ad taciendum inter eos exequias die sepulture mee in 
die tricesimo a die mortis mee et anniversaria mea xx marcas inter 
eos distribuendas. Item lego Priori et Conuentui domus sancte Marie 
de Suthwerk sub forma consimili -x.lt. inter eos diuidendas. Item lego 
Prori et conuentui de Merton sub eadem forma xx//. inter eos diuidendas. 
Item lego Priori et Conuentui de Nouo Loco sub forma consimili x//. inter 
eos diuidendos. Item lego Abbati et Conuentui de Wauerle sub forma 
consimili -x.lt. inter eos diuidendas. Item lego Priorisse et conuentui de 
Wynteneye sub forma predicta x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item 
lego Priori et conuentui de Selebourne sub forma consimili Gy. inter eos 
diuidendas. Item lego Abbati et conuentui de Ouarrera in Insula vecta 
sub forma consimili x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item lego Abbati et 
conuentui de Lettele sub forma consimili x marcas inter eos diuidendas. 
Item lego Priori et conuentui de South Wyk sub forma consimili -x.lt. 
inter eos diuidendas. Item lego Abbati et Conuentui de Ticchefeld 
sub forma consimili -x.lt. inter eos diuidendas. Item Priori et conventui 
domus sancti Dionisii iuxta Southampton sub forma consimili x marcas 
inter eos diuidendas. Item Priori et conuentui Christi ecclesie de 
Twynham sub forma consimili x//. inter eos diuidendas. Item Priori et 
conuentui de Brommore sub eadem forma C solidos inter eos diuidendos. 
Item Priori et conuentui de Motefonte sub forma consimili x marcas 
inter eos diuidendos. Item Priori et conuentui de Shirebourne sub 
forma consimili Cs. inter eos diuidendos. Item lego Priori et conuentui 



2i8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



fratrum predicatorum Wyntoniensium ad celebrandum et orandum pro 
anima mea sub eadem forma x//. inter eos diuidendas. Item Gardiano 
et fratribus minoribus Wyntoniensibus sub forma consimili x libras inter 
eos diuidendas. Item Priori et fratribus de ordine sancti Augustini 
Wyntoniensis sub forma consimili x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item 
Priori et fratribus Carmelitis Wyntoniensibus sub eadem forma x marcas 
inter eos diuidendas. Item Gardiano et fratribus minoribus Suthampton- 
iensis sub forma consimili x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item lego 
fratribus minoribus Londoniensibus sub forma predicta xx//. Item 
fratribus predicatoribus Londoniensibus sub forma consimili xx//. inter eos 
distribuendas ad celebrandum et orandum pro anima mea. Item 
fratribus Augustinis Londoniensibus sub forma consimili x//. Item 
fratribus Carmelitis Londoniensibus sub eadem forma x//. inter eos con- 
similiter distribuendas. Item fratribus predicatoribus Oxoniensibus sub 
forma consimili x//. Item fratribus minoribus Oxoniensibus, sub 
eadem forma x//. Item fratribus Augustinis ibidem sub forma consimili 
x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item fratribus Carmelitis Oxoniensibus x 
marcas sub forma prelibata. Item lego fratribus predicatoribus Sarum 
sub forma consimili x marcas. Item fratribus minoribus ibidem sub 
eadem forma x marcas. Item lego Canonicis vicariis et ministris in 
ecclesia Cathedrali Sarum ibidem existentibus ad celebrandum et orandum 
pro anima mea et ad faciendum exequias meas die sepulture mee et in 
die tricesimo a tempore mortis mee xx//. inter presentes in eisdem 
exequiis meis diuidendas iuxta disposicionem executorum meorum. 
Item lego Priori et monachis domus Cartusiensis in Selewode sub forma 
consimili x marcas. Item Priori et monachis Domus Dei de henton 
eiusdem ordinis x marcas sub forma consimili. Item lego Abbati et 
conuentui de Belloloco sub forma consimili xx marcas inter eos diuiden- 
das. Item lego xx marcas pro vno vestimento emendo ad ecclesiam 
de Cheriton ibidem perpetuo mansuro pro anima mea. Item lego x//. 
ad distribuendas inter pauperes parochialos dicte ecclesie iuxta ordina- 
cionem executorum meorum. Item lego pro vno vestimento emendo 
ad ecclesiam de Middelton iuxta Banneburi 1 ibidem perpetuo mansuro 
x marcas. Item lego Cy. ad distribuendos inter pauperes parochialos 
ibidem. Item lego pro vno vestimento emendo ad ecclesiam de 
Dalyngton iuxta Northampton ibidem perpetuo mansuro x marcas. 
Item lego Cs. ad distribuendos inter pauperes parochialos ibidem. 
Item lego pauperibus monialibus sancti Egidii in Hamstede ad orandum 
pro anima mea x//. Item lego domui Sancte Margarete de luyngho pro 
reparacione domus vestimentorum ornamentorum et aliorum vtensilium 
dicte domus xx//. Item lego magistro Johanni Wormenhale Officiali 
meo xl//. et vnum ciphum Argenteum cum co-operculo ad celebrandum 
et orandum pro anima mea. Item lego domino Nicholao Kaervvent 
xl/*". et vnum ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item domino 
Johanni Blebi xl//. et vnum ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item 
lego Magistro Waltero. Seuenhampton xl//. et vnum ciphum 

1 Bannebury, now Bambrough, in Northumberland, probably. 



William of Edington. 219 



argenteum cum cooperculo. Item magistro Johanni Benbie xl. marcas 
et vnum ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item lego Magistro 
Johanni Corf xl//. et vnum ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item 
lego domino Thome Derle Custodi Capelle mee xx//. Item lego Rogero 
atte More xx marcas. Item lego domino Ricardo Hampton xx marcas. 
Item lego domino Ricardo Chauntour x//. Item domino Johanni Payn 
x// Item lego domino Willelmo Falewell x//. Item lego domino 
Johanni Crabbe xx marcas. Item lego domino Johanni de Sancto 
Neoto xx marcas. Item lego domino Ricardo Lyntefford xx//. et vnum 
ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item domino Nicholas Waleys 
xx//. et vnum ciphum argenteum cum cooperculo. Item domino 
Johanni Fairford x marcas. Item magistro Johanni Essex x//. Item 
domino Willelmo de Leneryngton x//. Item Johanni Twyford Cs. 
Item Roberto Dounton clerico capelle Cs. Item Waltero de Guldeford 
clerico x marcas. Item Roberto Chaumberleyn clerico Capelle Gy. 
Item Ricardo Waltham clerico Capelle Cs. Item lego Thome Hunger- 
ford senescallo meo 1 marcas et vnam cuppam cum cooperculo. Item 
Johanni Roches Constabulario meo de Taunton xx marcas. Item 
Rogero Manyford balliuo meo de Dounton x//. Item lego Rogero hay 
Wode xx//. et vnum ciphum argenti. Item Rogero Gernays xx//. Item 
Thome Warenner xx//. Item domino Willelmo Rectori de Splene 
balliuo meo de Clere xx marcas. Item Thome Austyn xx//. Item 
Johanni de Eveshem xx//. Item Willelmo de Neudigate Constabulario 
meo de Farnham xx marcas. Item Waltero Hay Wode xx//. et vnum 
ciphum argenti. Item Michaeli Skillyng xx//. et vnum ciphum argenti. 
Item Willelmo Houghton xx marcas. Item lego domino Radulpho de 
Norton militi xx//. quas michi debet. Item lego domine Margarete 
uxori sue xx//. Item lego Nicholas Wodelok et uxori sue xx//. Item 
lego domine del Isle matri domini Johanni del Isle vnum anulum cum 
vno rubie et vnum ciphum argenti cum cooperculo. Item lego domini 
Johanni del Isle militi predicto et vxori sue xl//. Item lego Ricardo 
Sutton Janitori meo de Woluesia et vxori sue xx//. Item vxori sue 
vnam robam meam integram furratam. Item lego Johanni Bray de 
scaccario domini Regis robas meas gerenti xxx/z. Item lego domino 
Roberto de Lyncoln xx//. et vnum ciphum argenti. Item lego domino 
Rogero de Chesterfield vnam cuppam bonam argenti. Item lego domino 
Ricardo Rauensere vnam cuppam bonam argenti. Item lego domino 
Ricardo Chestrefeld vnam cuppam bonam argenti. Item lego proposito 
et Capellanis et aliis ministris in Capella domus sancte Elizabethe ad 
faciendum exequiis pro me vt prefertur et ad celebrandum et orandum 
pro anima mea x marcas inter eos diuidendas. Item lego domino 
Roberto Rectori de Pateneye clerico meo de Taunton xx marcas. . Item 
Johanni Harewell seruienti meo de West Wycombe x//. Item lego 
Ricardo seruienti meo de luyngho x marcas. Item lego Roberto Erheth 
marescallo domus mee x//. Item Thome Mucheldeuere xx//. Item 
Stephano Carre xx//. Item Johanni Motesfonte xx marcas. Item 
Andree Gerucis xl marcas. Item Nicholao coco meo x//. Item 
Petro Falewell x//. Item Thome Farendon x//. Item Willelmo 



22O Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Gueldeford x/z'. Item filio Nicholao Wodelok x/z". Item Radulpho 
Whithors ~x.lt. Item lego Roberto Gerkyn camerario meo ~x.lt. Item 
Johanni Barbour aliter vocato Mounpalers Cs. Item Willelmo 
Forde x marcas. Item Henrico Weston ~x.lt . Item Rogero Lachebroc 
~x.lt. Item Waltero Grene x marcas. Item Johanni Forneax x mar- 
cas. Item Johanni Man x marcas. Item Johanni Neel x//. Item 
Thome Squiller x/z. Item Rogero Pulliter x marcas. Item Rogero 
Spark x/z. Item Willelmo Pistori meo x marcas. Item lego Gilberto 
de Olrefford x marcas. Item Willelmo Ferrour x marcas. Item Roberto 
Papelvvykes x marcas. Item Johanni Blount x marcas. Item Thome 
Chariotter seniori x/z. Item Thome Ropele Char[iotter ?] x marcas. 
Item lego Johanni Hunte x/z'. Item Johanni Romes' Barbour Cs. Item 
Laurentio Piscotori v marcas. Item lego Luce Mainteld C.y. Item lego 
Rogero Dene janitori de Taunton x marcas. Item lego Roberto de 
camera meajuniori x/z. Item lego Stephano de Camera mea x/z". Item 
lego Roberto Botiller x marcas. Item lego Ricardo de Panetria Cs. Item 
Johanni Colbrouk Cs. Item Thome Bergeueneye Cs. Item Johanni atte 
Halle Cs. Item Johanni Pichelse x marcas. Item Ricardo Clerico x 
marcas. Item Johanni de Pulletr' Cs. Item Willelmo garconi pistrine 
Cs. Item Philippo et Thome duobus garconibus bracini cuilibet eorum 
Cs. Item Waltero Dodde x marcas. Item Johanni Coumbe x marcas. 
Item lego Ricardo Somersete x marcas. Item Willelmo Wylot x 
marcas. Item Edwardo garconi x marcas. Item Michaeli garconi Cs. 
Item Willelmo Harold Cs. Item Willelmo Pinfold Cs. Item Stephano 
Yatele Cs. Item Johanni de Esshe Cs. Item Roberto Rykeby Cy. Item 
Ricardo atte Churche iiij/z". Item Willelmo Garconi prime Chariotter Cs. 
Item Johanni Garconi secunde Chariotter Cs. Item Willelmo Boor Cs. 
Item Johanni Lauender ~xls. Item Johanni Custodi animalium quinque 
marcas. Item lego garconi venatoris v marcas. Item socio suo xlj. 
Item garconi janitoris v marcas. Item Simoni garconi de Esshe x\s. 
Item lego pagetto pistrine ~xls. Item pagetto bracini \s. Item pagetto 
de la Squilerie xly. Item Willelmo Wergraver \s. Item payetto de 
Pulletr' x\s. Item ij pagettis Char' iiij/z. inter eos equaliter diuidendas. 
Item lego Johanni Moul pagetto palefridorum meorum lx.y. Item pagetto 
saliuar' x\s. Item pagetto venatoris x\s. Item lego Johanni Marche 
ballivo meo de South Werk si bene et fideliter se habuit habeat et habuerit 
in officio suo et tidele compotum reddiderit de toto tempore suo et 
satisfecerit fideliter de arreragiis per testimonium executorum meorum 
x/z. alioquin adhenio sibi legatum predictum. Et si quid residuum 
fuerit de bonis meis non legatis, illud lego executoribus meis vt de eo 
ad perfeccionem operis navis ecclesie sancti Swithini Wyntoniensis per 
me inchoati ei indigeat, et ad subsidium domus siue Cantarie mee de 
Edyndon si indigeat, et in distribucione pauperum et celebracione 
missarum et aliis piis operibus et vsibus pro anima mea ordinant et 
disponant secundum quod anime mee saluti possit proficere et executori- 
bus meis videbitur expedire. Hujus autem testament! me! ordino iacio 
et constitute executores meos videlicet Dominum Nicholaum Kaerwent 
Rectorem ecclesie de Crumdale dominum Johannemde Bleoburi Rectorem 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 221 

ecclesie de Wytteneye Thomam Hungerford senescallum meum Magis- 
tros Walterum de Seuenhampton Rectorem ecclesie de Alreford et 
Johannem Corf Rectorem ecclesie de Colyngbourne Abbatis. Datum 
apud Southwaltham in manerio nostro ibidem situate die et anno domini 
supradictis. 

[In a more modern hand : " Summa legata in clara pecunia attingit 
ad summam 3000/2'.] 

Proved at Lambeth, 20 October, A.D. 1366. 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF 
SOME DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 

(Continued from p. 154.,) 



In 1327, the Prioress and Convent of Amesbury having 
represented to the Bishop of the Diocese (Roger de Mortival) 
that " certain Nuns of the said Priory, being virgins, and 
having made profession, being of suitable age, and otherwise 
qualified according to canonical rules," were seeking con- 
secration, that prelate issued a commission, dated 5 May, to 
John de Drokenford, Bishop of Bath and Wells, to consecrate 
them accordingly, on the next ensuing feast of the Ascension. 1 
They numbered thirty-six, including the Lady Isabella 
Plantagenet, already mentioned at page 153, as afterwards 
Prioress of Aconbury, co. Hereford ; Margery de Pyrebroke, 
who, in 1349, had become Prioress of Amesbury; and other 
names as Le Rous, of Imber, De la Foley, Aucher, De la 
Mere, and Mautravers, which may be identified with Wilt- 
shire ; whilst De Horncastel, De Oxenford, De Donestaple, 
and De Wyncester, seem to point to families of more distant 



1 Register of Bishop Drokenford, at Wells. Wilts Arch. Magazine, vol. 
xviii, p. 286. 



222 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

origin. In 1344-5 (19 Edw. Ill) Margaret Cobham, of the 
well known Kentish family of that name, was a Nun here. 

To the Plantagenet Kings, the Prioress and Nuns of 
Amesbury were indebted for many important privileges. In 
addition to the earlier charters of Henry II, John, and Henry 
III, we find, in 1285, a grant from Edward I to the Prioress, 
of free warren, &c., in many of her Wiltshire manors, and 
others in the adjoining counties of Berks and Hants ; and, 
later in the same reign, a grant also of common of pasture and 
pannage, in the Royal forest of Melksham. 

Edward II, in 1316, besides confirming other liberties, 
granted a market and fair at Amesbury. From Edward III 
the prioress also obtained charters ; whilst to the last of the 
Plantagenets (Richard II) the Convent was also indebted, 
in 1391, for a grant of firewood from the neighbouring forests 
of Chute and Groveley. 1 

During the Wars of the Roses, in the succeeding century, 
we meet with comparatively little Amesbury history. From 
one of the Lancastrian kings (Henry VI), on his accession to 
the throne, in 1422, the Prioress obtained a full confirmation 
of all her manors, lands and liberties ; 8 which were again 
confirmed to her by Edward IV, soon after the tide had 
turned in favour of the House of York. It was probably 
about this time that the Prioress and Convent succeeded in 
finally severing the connexion which had existed for more 
than two centuries between their Wiltshire monastery, 
and the parent abbey of Font Evrault which must at all 
times have been more or less distasteful to them, and after 
the death of the Princess Mary (who, during her long residence 
here, had freely used her interest with the Crown on 



1 Quod Priorissa de Ambresbury habeat duos carectas ducentes qualibet 
die focale unam, viz., in foresta de Chute et alter' in foresta de Groveley, 
et in qualibet carecta tres equos, &c. Patent Rolls, 15 Richard II, p. 2, m. 3. 

2 Peramplissima confirmatio manoriorum terr' ac libertatum pro 
Priorissa de Ambresbury; in qua de 56 Chart. H. III. Vide 17 Chart. 
Edw. III. Ibid., 1 Hen. VI, p. 5, m. 11. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 223 

behalf of the Monastery and its inmates) may have become still 
more intolerable. 

Bishop Tanner, in his Notitia Monastica, without men- 
tioning any date, merely says that at length the house was 
"made denizen and became again an Abbey"; the word denison 
or denizon being explained in Martin's Dictionary (1748) as " an 
alien enfranchised in England by the King's charter." Now, 
in 1462-3 (3 Edward IV) it happens that the Prioress and 
Nuns of Amesbury paid a fine for the confirmation of certain 
charters, Jones' Index to Memoranda] the actual confirmation of 
manors, lands and liberties being itself preserved among the 
Patent Rolls of the same date. 1 Bishop Tanner also mentions 
another Patent Roll, two years later, relating to the liberties 
of the Abbess late of Font Evrau/t, in her manor of Leighton 
Buzzard. (Patent 5 Edward IV, p. i, m. 4.) 

In addition to their ordinary use as a retreat for Nuns, 
the Abbeys of the middle ages were extensively used for 
the purpose of education. Aubrey, writing in the year 1670, 
and contrasting the education of his own day with that of 
earlier times, says : " The young mayds were brought up 
(not at Hakney, Sarum Schools, &c., to learn pride and 
wantonnesse, but) at the Nunneries, where they had ex- 
amples of piety and humility, and modestie and obedience, 
to imitate and to practise. Here they learned needlework, 
the art of confectionary, surgery (anciently no apothecaries 
or surgeons the gentlewoemen did cure their poore neigh- 
bours ; their hands are now too fine), physick, writing, 
drawing, &c." They also often afforded a temporary asylum 
for females who were advanced in age, or whose natural 



1 The writer has not yet had an opportunity of consulting the original 
document, which is thus described in the Calendar " Perampla confirmatio 
maneriorutn terrarum ac libertatum pro Priorissa de Ambresbury ; in qua' 
Maria filia Edwardi primi fuit Priorissa ejusdem Domus, 56 Chart, 
H. III. Vide 17 Chart, Ed. III." Ibid., 3 Edw. IV, p. 3, m. 3. Why the 
name of the Princess Mary should be introduced here, some 130 years after 
her death, does not appear. (See previous note at p. 151.) 



224 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

protectors were either removed by death or necessarily 
absent in their country's service. 1 

It was probably in the early part of Edward IVth's 
reign that Amesbury Monastery became in this way a place 
of temporary safety for a lady whose connexion by marriage 
with this county has a more than usual interest. This was 
Lady Margaret, widow of Robert, second Lord Hungerford, 
of Farley Castle and Heytesbury; herself daughter of 
William, third and last Lord Botreaux, of the ancient Cor- 
nish family of that name, and eventually sole heiress to 
the large property and titles of Botreaux and Moels. 2 

Lady Margaret appears to have married Lord Hunger- 
ford about the year 1430. He died in 1459, and in accord- 
ance with his will she afterwards founded the Hungerford 
Chapel which stood on the north side of the Lady Chapel 
of Salisbury Cathedral, and was destroyed by Wyatt in his 
mischievous alterations to that building in 1789. 

Robert, third Lord Hungerford, eldest son of Lady 
Margaret, who had married the heiress of Molines, took an 
active part (as did also many Wilts gentry of the time) on 



1 In 1314 the Prioress and Nuns of Cannington, co. Somerset, obtained 
permission from the Bishop of Bath and Wells to receive the wife and two 
sisters of John Ffychet, of whose good and honest conversation he was in- 
formed, for sojourn in their house during the absence of the said John in 
foreign parts, or as much of that interval as should be agreeable to them. 
The ladies were to live at their own proper cost, and their presence was not 
to attract other strangers to the burden of the house or suspicion of scandal. 

2 By his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of John, Lord Beaumont. The 
supposed tomb of Lady Margaret Hungerford's father and mother, bearing 
their recumbent effigies, is in North Cadbury Church, co. Somerset. 
William, Lord Botreaux, died in 1462, possessed of no less than fifty manors 
in the western counties inherited through the heiress of Moels amongst 
them North Cadbury and in that church (which they probably re-built) 
he desired in his will to be buried. His supposed tomb, formerly on the 
north side of the chancel, is now removed to the west end. The male effigy 
is in complete plate armour, with the Lancastrian collar of SS, his head 
resting on a helmet, with crest, and at his feet a lion. The lady in a richly 
ornamented horned head dress, and mantle fastened with cordon and tassels, 
head resting on a cushion, and feet on two lions. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 225 

the Lancastrian side, in the Wars of the Roses, and on the 
defeat of his party, in the battle of Hexham, in 1463-4, he was 
beheaded at Newcastle-on-Tyne, and attainted. His son, Sir 
Thomas Hungerford, of Rowden, near Chippenham, also 
perished in the same cause. He was tried at Salisbury 
for High Treason, on a charge of attempting to restore 
Henry VI to the throne, for which he was condemned and 
beheaded at Bemerton gallows in 1469. 

Lady Margaret having thus, within ten years, lost her 
husband, son and grandson, the two latter in their efforts 
to deprive Edward IV of the throne, it is not improbable 
that she also fell Under suspicion as an abettor, and in- 
curred what she herself describes as the king's "high dis- 
pleasure." In a document which she calls " a writing 
annexed to her will," she quaintly details the expenses she 
had incurred, as well as the various personal hardships she 
had undergone during the troublous times in which she 
lived. For a while she became an inmate of Amesbury 
Monastery, and her misfortunes here will be best described 
in her own words 

"Stem, at such tyme as I was by the Chanceler of Inglond put in 
the Abbay ot Amesbury, and ther kept by the Kyng's commandement, 
by fortune of fyre all my moveable goods, that is to say, beddis of cloth 
of goolde, beddis ot aras and of silke, hangyngis of aras for hallis and 
chambris, plate, money, and other stuffe to the value of a Thousand 
pounds and more, and the chief loggyng of the same place where I was 
in, cover'd with lede by the said infortune was brent [burnt] and pulled 
downe, of which the new bildyng and amendyng cost me ^200 sum 
1200." 

On one occasion it appears that Lady Margaret was 
actually under arrest, and in this matter "one William 
Baker", 1 a Devizes man, figures rather prominently. 



1 The name of William Baker occurs in a deed of about the year 1460 as 
one of the feoffee? of lands, &c., belonging to St. Mary's Church, Devizes. 

Q 



226 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



" Item, I was arrested by the Sherve of Wilteshire at the King's 
commandement by a suggestyon made to his highnes by a servaunte of 
the Lord Montague is, havyng but oone ye [one eye], and by oone 
Will'm Baker, of the Vise [Devizes], at which time all my lands and 
moveable goods were taken into the King's hands, and I lived only upon 
the costs of my friends; and or I could be declared in that behalf, and 
restored to my said lands and goods, it cost me ^"400." 

Lady Hungerford was foundress of the Hospital at 
Heytesbury, in which place she resided during the latter part 
of her life, and on her death in 1478-9, her remains were in- 
terred in Salisbury Cathedral beneath a tomb in the centre 
of the Chapel already mentioned, which she had built and 
endowed to the memory of her husband. 




Her seal, of which there is a very fine impression at 
Longleat, is a beautiful example of this particular branch 
of mediaeval art. It is circular, and nearly three inches in 
diameter. In the centre is the seated figure of a female 
holding on her knees an open book. Above her head on 
a label, the motto " mqne trcmtlj itssurefc"; and on 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 227 

either side a lion and griffin each support a banner bearing 
(i) HUNGERFORD impaling BOTREAUX ; (2) BEAUMONT im- 
paling BOTREAUX. 

Legend ' SIGILLUM : MARGARETE : D'NE : DE : HUNGER- 
FORD: ET . DE : BOTREAUX." 

The remarkably bold autograph of Lady Margaret also 
may not be without interest. 





EDWARD KITE. 
(To be continued.} 



Johanne de Gennes, Prioress of Amesbury (vol. iii, 
p. 118). I notice that Mr. Kite, in his " Notes on Amesbury 
Monastery", repeats a statement, made by the late Canon 
Jackson in The Wiltshire Archceological Magazine (vol. x, p. 61), 
to the effect that the first head of the Amesbury convent, sent 
from Fontevraud in 1177, was Johanna de Gennes. When 
recently writing a paper on the same subject, I found Canon 
Jackson's statements, on this point, quite unintelligible, and 
on consulting Sir Richard Hoare's account of Amesbury in 
Modern Wilts, I noted that Canon Jackson had made a con- 
fusion between the first Prioress of Amesbury and a much 
later Prioress, Johanne de Gennes, also sent from Fontevraud, 
in 1294. If Mr. Kite will refer to Sir Richard Hoare's work, 

he will, I think, find that that is so. 

C. H. TALBOT. 
Lacock Abbey. 



Q 2 



228 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 164.) 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 
FIRST SERIKS. 

B. 

1675-8-14. Thomas BAYLY, son of Edward and Mary Bayly, 
of Compton Basset. 

1675-9-26. William BAILY, son of William Baily, of 
Catscomb. 

1676-4-4. John BASKERVILE, son of John Baskervile, of Burton 
Hill. 

1676-7-5. Ruth BEZER, dau. of Edward and Ann Bezer, of 
Rowde. 

1676-12-15. William BAYLY, son of Edward and Mary Bayly, 
of Compton Basset. 

1677-2-12. Rebecca BASKERVILE, dau. of John Baskervile, of 
Burton Hill. 

1677-2-25. Sarah BEZER, dau. of William and Sara Bezer. 

1677-3-7. Martha BUTLER, dau. of William and Jane Butler, 
of Corsham. 

1677-4-25. Mary BLANCHETT, dau. of Robert Blanchett, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1678-5-7. John BASKERVILE, son of John Baskervile, of Burton 
Hill. 

1678-10-22. Mary BEVERSTOCK, dau. of John and Elizabeth 
Beverstock, of Bidstone. 

1679-6-12. William BEAZEN [? BEZER], son of William and 
Sarah Beazen, 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 229 

1680-1-17. Ezekiel BASKERViLE, 1 son of John Baskervile, of 

Burton Hill. 
1680-7-15. Elizabeth BEARE, dau. of Edward and Elizabeth 

Beare, of Devizes Meeting. 
1681-1-17. Ezekiell BASKERVILE/ son of John Baskervile, of 

Leacnd Brintoworth [Lea and Brinkworth] 

Meeting. 

1682-7-10. Mary BEZER, dau. of William and Sara Bezer. 
1683-2-2. James BASKERVILE, son of John Baskervile, of 

Leacnd Brintoworth [Lea and Brinkworth] 

Meeting. 
1683-8-29. Charles BROOM, son of Francis and Mary Broom, 

of Cullern. 
1 68. .-..-. .. 2 John BROOM, son of Francis and Mary Broom, 

of Cullern. 
1684-1-24. Joseph BISHOPP, son of Thomas and Mary Bishopp, 

of Christian Malford. 
1685-2-25. Mary BROOME, dau. of Francis and Mary Broome, 

of Slaughterford Meeting. 
1685-3-19. Elizabeth BASKERVILE, dau. of John Baskervile, of 

Burton Hill. 

1685-5-24. John BARTLET, son of Robart Bartlet, of Calne. 
1686-11-31. Thomas BASKERVILE, son of John and Elizabeth 

Baskervile, of Burton Hill. 
1687-8-27. John BISHOPP, son of Thomas and Mary Bishopp, 

of Christian Malford. 
1689-3-14. Joseph BARTLET, son of Robart Bartlet, of Calne. 



1 There would appear to be some error in these records, as no death 
of EZEKIEL BASKEEVILE is given between the dates, and the original 
sources are different. The death of EZEKIEL BASKERVILE is given as 
1756, but age is not added. 

2 I insert this name here in absence of exact date because the 
reference to the original record of the birth is to the next page to the one 
on which CHARLES BROOM occurs. The name JOHN BROOM does 
not occur in the list of Wiltshire Deaths. 



230 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1689-11-23. Hannah BISHOPP, dau. of Thomas and Mary 

Bishopp, of Ch. Malford. 
1690-3-20. Jacob and Ruth BALMER, twin son and dau. of 

William Balmer, of Calne. 

1691-7-1. Robart BARTLET, son of Robart Bartlet, of Calne. 
1692-4-12. Mary BRISTOW, dau. of Isaac Bristow, of Troscut. 
1692-4-27. Roger BEAVEN, son of Thomas and Mary Beaven, 

of Melksham. 
1692-12-8. Jeames BOND, son of Benjamin and Ann Bond, of 

Slaughterford Meeting. 

1693-6-28. Eddy BARTLET, son of Robart Bartlet, of Calne. 
1693-9-9. Thomas BEAVEN, son of Thomas and Mary Beaven, 

of Melksham. 
1694-5-10. Rebekah BOND, dau. of Benjn. and Ann Bond, of 

Chippenham Meeting. 
1694-12-8. Mary BEAVEN, dau. of Thomas and Mary Beaven, 

of Melksham. 

1695-1-27. James BRISTOW, son of Isaac Bristow, of Troscut 
1695/6-12-4. Thomas BARTLET, son of Robart Bartlet, of 

Calne. 
1697-3-29. Edward BOND, son of Benjamin and Ann Bond, 

of Bidstone. 
1697-8-29. Thomas BEAVEN, 1 son of Thomas and Mary 

Beaven, of Melksham. 
1698-5-20. Ratchiel BARET, dau. of Charles and Katern Baret, 

of Titherton. 
1698-12-20. Mary BOND, dau. of Benjamin and Ann Bond, 

of Bidstone. 



1 There are five THOMAS BEAVENS, of Melksham, in direct descent, 
mentioned in records of Births and Marriages, but curiously not one of 
these is recorded among the Deaths. Smith's Catalogtie of Friends 
Bonks gives titles of a number of books by THOMAS BEAVEN and THOMAS 
BEAVEX, JB., published between the years 1696 and 1728, including "The 
High Priest of Melksham," see W. N. $ Q., ii, 172, note 1. There was a 
branch of the BEAVEN family at Devizes. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 231 

1699-3-2. Richard BURNLEY, son of Richard and Mary 
Burnley, of Luckington. 

C. 

1648-8-28. Mary COOLE, dau. of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 
1648/9-1-1. Thomas CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb, of 

Marlbro'. 

1650-2-24. Henry COOLE, son of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 
1651-11-18. Susannah COOLE, dau. of Henry Coole, of 

Devizes. 

1652-2-7. Sarah CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, of Marlbro'. 
1653-2-2. William COOLE, son of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 
i654~4r23. Sarah COOLE, dau. of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Tottenham, Middx. 

(To be continued.) 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 167). 



246. Anno 36 Hen. VIII. Agnes Sloper widow, and Chris- 
topher Dysmaris alias Dyamer and Johanna his wife; messu- 
ages and lands in Wynterbourne Mounton ? ^60. 

247. Anno 36. Richard Vffenham and Richard Maye 
and Elizabeth his wife ; messuage and lands in Henton and 
Stepleashton. ^15. 

248. Anno 36. John Goddard, gen., and John Warne- 
ford, gen., and Susanna his wife; messuage and lands in 
Chelworth Magna, Chelworth Parva, Colcote and Crykelade. 



249. Anno 36. Robert Maye and Henry Longe, knight; 
messuages and lands in Benacre, Broughton Gifford, and 
Whytley. 160 marks. 



232 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

250. Anno 36. William Bryan and George Ludloo, arm., 
and Edith his wife ; messuages and lands called " the Blewe 
Bore " in New Sarum and Fisherton Anger. ^200. 

251. Anno 36. Ralph Emmett and John Warneford and 
Susanna his wife ; messuages and lands in Chelworth in the 
parish of Cryklade. ^30. 

252. Anno 36. Lodowick Robins and Roger Hopkins ; 
messuages and lands in Marleborough. ^100. 

253. Anno 36. Robert Eyer and Henry Longe, knight; 
messuages and lands in Castle Street, New Sarum. no 
marks. 

254. Anno 36. Thomas Trender and John Warneford, 
and Susanna his wife; messuages and lands in Chelworth in 
the parish of Crekelade. ,40. 

255. Anno 36. Thomas Long and William Stourton, 
knight, Lord Stourton and Elizabeth his wife; manors of 
Westassheton and Hylperton, messuages and lands in Slogrobe 
and Albury, West Assheton, Stepleashton, Hylperton, Buck- 
ington and Whaddon, advowson of the church of Hylperton. 



256. Anno 36. William Button, arm., and Robert Tyder- 
leygh, junior, gen., and Elizabeth his wife; half the manor of 
Lytelton Paynell, and the half of messuages and lands, etc., in 
Lytelton Paynell and West Lavington. ,160. 

257. Anno 36. Walter Baylyff and George Worthe and 
Elizabeth his wife, and Giles Goure, son and heir apparent of 
Elizabeth ; messuage and lands in Trowbridge and Stoodelegh. 



258. Anno 36. Alexander Longford, senior, gen., and 
Alexander Longford, junior, gen., and George Worthe, gen., 
and Elizabeth his wife, and Giles Goure, gen., son and heir 
apparent of Elizabeth, and Edith his wife; messuages and 
lands, water mills, fulling mills, free fishing in the water of 
Bysse, as well as half the messuages and lands in Trowbridge. 

4- 

259. Anno 36. Richard Buckland, citizen and merchant 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 233 

tailor, ol London and John Barkeley, arm., and Isabella his 
wife; manors of Melston alias Mildeston and Briginston alias 
Bryghtinston, messuages and lands in Melston alias Mildeston, 
Bryghtinston alias Briginston, and advowson of the church of 
Mildeston and Bryghtinston. ^600. 

260. Anno 36. Robert Southwell, knight, master in 
Chancery and Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, and Katherine his 
wife; manors of Chippy ngham and Rowdon, messuages and 
lands in Rowdon and Chippyngham. ,400. 

261. Anno 36. Thomas Hereford and Thomas Wykys 
and Roger Hereford, gen., and Margaret his wife ; manor of 
Knoll, messuages and lands in Hynsett, Tymerygge, Rygge, 
Tyterygge, and Bedwyn. 

262. Anno 36. Henry Brouncker, arm., and Giles Goore, 
gen., and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages and lands in 
Melkesham, Whytley, Shawe, Benacre, Sende, Sendrowe, 
Woodrowe and Wolmere. ,90. 

263. Anno 36. William Holme and Thomas Woodshawe 
and Johanna his wife ; messuages and lands in Burtford, 
Charleton and Downton. ^80. 

264. Anno 36. William Richeman alias Webbe and 
Edward Baynton, knight; messuage and land in Overwroughton 
and Chesyldfn. ^162. 

265. Anno 36. Thomas Chaffyn and George Ludlowe, 
son and heir of William Ludlowe and Catherine his wife ; 
messuages and lands in Fisherton Anger and New Sarum. ^120. 

266. Anno 36. William Bayllye and Robert Throg- 
merton, arm., and Lady Elizabeth Hungerford his wife; 
messuages and lands in Wynfeld, Farley and Slughe. ^69. 

267. Anno 36. Thomas Mompesson and Thomas 
Danffeld, son and heir apparent of the said Thomas ; messuages 
and lands in Easthache next the pariah of Tysseburye. ^40. 

268. Anno 36. Robert Tyderleygh, junior, gen., and 
William Fawconer, arm., manor of Vpton Knoyle; messuages 
and lands in Vpton Knoyle, Mylton, and Lie in parish of 
Estknoyle. ,^100. 



234 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



269. Anno 36. Thomas Marten and Christopher Tomson 
and Alice his wife, and John Urry and Elizabeth his wife, 
daughter and heiress of Richard Marten; messuages and lands 
in New Sarum. 50 marks. 

270. Anno 36. Thomas Longe, William Longe and 
Henry Longe and William Stourton, knight, Lord Stourton ; 
manors .of Powlesholte, Madington alias Wynterbourn 
Madington, Awlton and Ablington, messuages and lands in 
Powleshote, Worton, Merston, Potern, Chetowe, Chendelk, 
Hurste, Awlton, Madington alias Winterbourn Madington, 
Ablington, Chesyngbury, free fishing in the waters of Awlton 

and Ablington. ^1,254. 

E. A. FRY. 

(To be continued.} 



(fineries. 



A Stonehenge Curiosity. In Cooke's Topographical De- 
scription of Wiltshire occurs the following : 

" Among other curiosities dug up in one of the barrows, was a 
curious piece of sculpture in alabaster, of an oval form, about two feet in 
length, and one in the broadest part of the diameter. In the middle is 
represented a woman, habited as a queen, with her globe, sceptre, crown, 
and mantle of state : in a compartment over her head are three figures, 
supposed to represent the three persons of the Holy Trinity ; and 
round the sides are angels intermixed with some of the apostles. The 
exquisite workmanship of the woman, who seems intended for the 
Virgin Mary, the strong as well as tender expression in her features, and 
the elegance of the drapery, shew it to be the work of a very skilful 
artist. This curiosity was seen by the person who describes it, in a 
public-house at a small village called Shrewton, about six miles to the 
north-west of Stonehenge." 

What is it and where is it ? 

IBEX. 



Sir William Courtenay, Bart., of Newhouse. 235 

John Clare, S. J. Of what family and place was he ? He 
is described as born in Wiltshire, 1577, dying probably abroad 
in 1628, having taken the final vows of the Society of Jesus in 
1618; a very learned man, and author of The Converted Jew, 
which was published after his death. H. D. 



The Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick. This Society, 
partly political and partly social, was at one time (and 
perhaps is) spread rather widely through England and Ireland, 
its head Knot (as the lodges were called) being held in Dublin ; 
were or are there any Knots in our county, and where can I 

obtain a list of the members ? 

SAGE. 



Sir William Courtenay, Bart., of Newhouse, Wilts. 

In the Court and Testamentary Business of Maryland (Lib. 
B. Ill, 182) there is a power of attorney from him, 20 Nov. 
1655, to Robert Thimbleby, gent., to dispose of two tracts of 
land in Maryland, which had belonged to his mother Elinor 
Hawley. Can you identify him, and where is Newhouse? In 
the pedigrees there is a William (b. 1611, when did he die?), 
but there is no mention of him being a baronet, son of Thomas 
Courtenay, a son of the Powderham Family, and Elizabeth 
(Brereton), she afterwards marrying James Hawley, of Brent- 
ford, in Middlesex, whose three brothers, Henry, Captain 
William, and Colonel Jerome, were landowners in Maryland, 
the last being one of its most important Founders. 

C. H. BROWNING. 
Ardmore, Pennsylvania. 



236 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Replies. 



Nicholas of Roundway (vol. iii, p. 185). In Burke's 
General Armory, I note arms of DESS Azure a chevron en- 
grailed between three owls or; Crest, On a chapeau gules turned 
up ermine, an owl or. Also of DESSE the same arms but chevron 
plain. Similar crest except that the wings of the owl are 
expanded motto, Vigile. 

On reference to Burke's Landed Gentry, I see that these 
are the arms and crest of NICHOLAS, whose motto is 

Vigilantia et Constantia. 

R. J. FYNMORE. 
Sandgate. 



The Missing Register of Addison's Baptism Where is 

it? (vol. iii, pp. 42-3, 140, 186-8). I am glad to find that my 
query (p. 42-3) has produced some further correspondence. I 
was quite aware that there was more than one version of the 
matter, and my object in introducing the subject in IV. N. & O. 
was to endeavour, if possible, to place on record the real facts 
as to when, and by whom, the Parish Register of Milston was 
robbed of the baptismal entry of its most celebrated native. 

That the history of the missing register as related to me, 
many years, ago by the then lord of the manor and patron of the 
living the late Mr. C. E. Rendall and printed at p. 43,* is 



1 From a note made at the time. To the very brief description of 
Milston Church given by Sir R. C. Hoare, I may here add, also on the 
authority of Mr. Rendall, that, the chancel was once four feet longer than 
at present that the church was repewed and newly roofed in 1786 and 
that of the two bells formerly here, one is said to have been taken away to 
Netheravon House. 



The Missing Register of Addisoris Baptism. 237 

% 

strictly correct, seems to be further confirmed by tbe following 
additional details. 

In the first place I may add the list of Patrons and Rectors 
of Milston from the institution of Addison's father's prede- 
cessor the Rev. Wm. Gulston in 1663, to the death of Dr. 
Toogood in 1834 



Patron. Rector. 

1663. Frederick Hyde ... ... William Gulston [Rector of Sy- 

mondsbury, co. Dorset; Bishop 
of Bristol, 1678, died 1684.] 

1670. The same Lancelot Addison, on the cession 

of Gulston [his wife was Mary, 
sister ot William Gulston, D.D., 
Bishop of Bristol.] 
1703. The Bishop by lapse ... William Mundy, on the death of 

Addison. 
1757. Edward Polhill, of Heale ... William Bowles, on the death of 

Mundy. 
1762. William Bowles, clerk ... Edward Polhill, on the resignation 

of Bowles. 
1801. William Bowles, Esq., ot I John James Toogood, on the death 

Heale; died 1826 ... J of Polhill. 

1834. Peter Templeman, Esq. (by 1 Peter Hall, on the death of Too- 
purchase) ... J good. 



According to Mr. Rendall, the entry of Addison's baptism 
was taken from the Parish Register, and given by the Rector 
to Mr. Charles Bowles, of Shaftesbury, whilst on a visit to 
Milston, about the year 1816. Some fragments of stained 
glass were also taken out of the church windows, and carried 
away by Mr. Bowles, at the same time. 

It will be seen from the institutions to the Rectory of 
Milston, here given, that the Bowles family had, in 1816, been 
for some sixty years closely connected with the living, either 
as patrons OP incumbents ; and that to one of them (William 
Bowles, Esq., of Heale, Sheriff of Wilts 1782, and then living) 
the Rector of the time, Dr. Toogood, was indebted for his 
preferment. Mr. Charles Bowles may, perhaps, in this way, 
have had a certain interest which enabled him to obtain the 



238 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

more easily from his friend, the Rector, the two historical 
relics in question. 

Mr. Charles Bowles was a younger brother of the Poet, 
and Recorder of Shaftesbury. Sir Richard Hoare was con- 
siderably indebted to him as the historian ot the Hundred of 
Chalk. That Mr. Bowles was, before the year 1826, in posses- 
sion of stained glass taken from Milston Church, is actually 
recorded by Sir Richard, in his history of the Hundred of 
Amesbury, published in that year. He says : 

" There was formerly [in Milston Church] some painted glass in the 
east window, with this inscription Orate pro bono statu Magistri 
Roberti Herrys, 1 in decretis Bacalo.urii. Penes Charles Bowles, 
Shaston." Modern Wilts, Amesbury Hundred, p. 39. 

thus fully confirming this part of Mr. Rendall's statement. 

But on the subject of Addison's baptismal register (which 
must also have been missing in 1826, and the history of its 
recent disappearance, one would imagine, not unknown to 
him), Sir Richard is silent. He omits lo print any extracts 
from the Register here (a source of information from which, in 
the case of other parishes, he has quoted freely), and, in speak- 
ing of Milston as Addison's birthplace, merely says (p. 40) : 

" Lancelot Addison had a son Joseph, who was born at Milston, and 
whose character and writings are too generally known and admired to 
need any further illustration." 

Mr. Charles Bowles had an only child, Margaret Amy, 
born in 1793, who afterwards became the wife of the late 
Judge Earle ; and it was to him, Mr. Rendall told me, that he 
had written a courteous letter, relating the circumstance of 
the missing register, and asking him, if such should be found 
among Mr. Bowies' papers, kindly to return it to the parish. 
The Judge, in reply, threatened legal proceedings, and the 
matter dropped. It was at this point, and from Mr. Rendall's 



1 Robert Herrys was Rector of Milston ; instituted 1497, died 1508. Is 
this glass still preserved in the late Mr. Bowies' house at Shaftesbury, which, 
I believe, formerly contained many similar relics collected by him ? 



The Missing Register of Addisoris Baptism. 239 

relation, that Charles Dickens wrote an article entitled, The 
Missing Register. 

If Mr. Rendall had not been thoroughly satisfied as to 
the real facts of the case, he would scarcely, I think, have 
ventured to make such an application. 

But how is the later version of its loss during Mr. Webb's 
incumbency, as related by Canon Bennett at p. 186-8, to be 
explained ? and still more the statement by his widow to the 
Rev. C. S. Ruddle (p. 140) that he had never seen even the 
volume which should have contained it ? If Mr. Webb never saw 
the missing entry, or the volume which should have contained it } 
how could he have shown the one to a visitor, or suspected that 
visitor of purloining the other ? 

The Rev. Richard Webb became Rector of Milston in 
1850, and the statement respecting the loss of the entry of 
Addison's baptism was made to Canon Bennett and others two 
years afterwards. He must certainly have been in possession 
of the volume dating from 1653 to 1703 (which should have 
contained the entry of 1672), or he could not have shown it to 
any other person. What I am inclined to think is, that Mr. 
Webb, in the early days of his incumbency, might not up to 
that time have had occasion to look for this particular entry, 
and consequently had not missed it. After the departure of 
his visitor, his attention having thus been drawn to the subject, 
his own interest became aroused he looked himself, and not 
suspecting its previous absence, but finding the entry gone, put 
the blame, very innocently, on the wrong shoulders ; taking also 
upon himself the responsibility of its loss, when it must at that 
time have been already missing for more than thirty years. The 
position in which he found his visitor, sitting with his hands rest- 
ing on the closed volume before him, might have simply indi- 
cated his utter disappointment at not being able to find therein 
what had been the sole object of his visit to Milston. 1 This seems 

1 Or he may possibly have either heard of, or suspected the removal of 
the entry, and wished to satisfy himself of the fact by a careful perusal of 
the volume. 



240 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

to me the only way in which the whole matter can be satis- 
factorily explained. 

The undated memorandum and signature claiming to 
have been written by Dr. Toogood, and containing the 
vague statement that " the several leaves of this Register 
were cut before I saw the book; also the other Registers", 
would, if not a forgery, as suggested by the present Rector 
of Milston (the Rev. F. A. Radcliffe), apparently refer to 
some earlier mutilation of more than one volume of the 
Milston registers, which had happened before Dr. Toogood's 
induction to the living in 1801 ; and not to the removal of 

the Addison entry in 1816. 

EDWARD KITE. 



[The Rev. F. A. Radcliffe (29 March 1900) writes: 
" The Registers seem to indicate Dr. Toogood's absence 
from Milston from 1813 to 1817, and from May 1827 to 
1830. When here he took charge of other parishes as well, 
and therefore the name of a Curate in the Registers here 
does not actually prove his absence." ED.] 



Crundel and Tan Hill (vol. ii, pp. 535-7 ; vol. iii, pp. 
188-9). An inquisition taken at New Sarum, after the death of 
Thomas Eyre, Esq., in 1629, may perhaps help to throw some 
light on the word "Tan," as applied to the well known hill in 
the parish of All cannings. 

Part of Mr. Eyre's property in Salisbury is described as a 
"messuage or inn called the Bell, opposite the Tann Gate, in 
the said city "; meaning apparently St. Anne's Gate, in the 
Close. In this case we seem to have, in the word Tann, simply 
a corrupt form of St. Anne, as adopted probably in Puritanical 

times. 

WILTONIENSIS. 




M. W, Dunscombe, Bristol.] [Copyright. 

A BAYNTON MONUMENT IN THE MAYOR'S CHAPEL, BRISTOL. 



Btltftnre Jlotes anti (Queries 



JUNE 1900. 



A BAYNTON MONUMENT 

IN THE MAYOR'S CHAPEL, 
BRISTOL. 



,f T the east end of the South Chapel in St. Mark's, or 
Mayor's Chapel, otherwise called the Gaunt Chapel, 
;a/ji& perhaps the most ancient Church in Bristol, there is 
what Mr. Barker in his book on this building calls 
a pretentious monument, commemorating Maria 
Baynton, which fills the greater part of the wall space there 

in the position once occupied by the altar of the chapel 

Barrett describes it as being in the West Aisle next the pulpit ; 
it was probably removed when the plaster canopies were 
erected in 1820." This handsome and highly coloured monu- 
ment, unadorned with heraldry, has the following Latin in- 
scription : 

Mem. sacra hie sita sunt ossa ornatissimae Faerminae, Dominae Mariae 
Dom. Edvardi Baynton nuper de Bromham in Comitatu Wiltoniae 
Relictae. Faemina fuit ad antiquum morem Composita, Illibataa 
Vitae pietate, Forma et omni Laude maternal! Virtute muliebri 
ornata Quae postquam vitam nimis eheu brevem nee a molestiis 
penitus liberam, piam tamen pudicam castam generosam hospitali- 

R 



242 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

tate charitate, aliisque quam plurimis virtutibus excultam omnibus, 
etiam egenis, caram egisset ; earn cum ingenti omnium utriusque 
sexus aut fama aut facie nota fuit ; luctu ac dolore reliquit, pro 
feliciori commutavit, et Christo placide obdormivit setatis suae, anno 
quadragessimo secundo anno Domini salvatoris M.D.CLXVII. 

Sordes Terra tenet, tenet Ingens spiritus aethra. 
Huic ejus filii dom. Robertus et dom. Nicolaus, quos utero 
conjugal! fructifero peperit hoc maerentes posuere monumentum. 

The chapel which contains this monument is so dark that 
an exposure of two whole days and a night was required before 
a satisfactory photograph could be obtained. 

Mary Baynton was the daughter of Bowell, and 

second wife of Sir Edward Baynton of Bromham (this second 
marriage is not recorded in Marshall's printed Visitation q/ 
Wilts, 1623), who died in 1656. Her son Robert is said to have 
died unmarried, Nicolas to have been married to a daughter of 
Sir .... Osbaldiston, of Chadlington, Bart., by whom he 
had issue, and to have been M.P. for Chippenham in 1689 ; she 
also had a daughter Ann, who died without issue. Any in- 
formation about her family, and why she was buried, and this 
memorial erected to her, in the Mayor's Chapel would be 
welcome. 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 
(Continued from p. 214.) 



THE WILL OF JOHN RAWLINGS. [Register, 23 Darcy.] 

A.D. 1580. In the name of god, amen. The yeare of oure 
lorde god 1580, and the seaventhe daie of Marche. I, John 
Rawlings, of Bratton, in the Dioces of Sarum, beinge sicke in 
bodye, but thanckes be vnto god of perfecte mynde and good 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 243 

remembraunce doe make my laste will and testamente in 
manner and forme followinge. Firste I bequeathe my sowle 
vnto allmightie god my redemer and saviour Jesus Christ. 
And my bodye I commend vnto the earthe willinge it to be 
buried in-the churche or churchyarde of Bratton. Item I geve 
to our mother churche of Sarum sixe pence. Item I geve unto 
the mayntenaunce of my parlshe churche of Bratton sixe 
shillinges eight pence. I bequeathe vnto Martyn Croome, my 
sonne in lawe, and Johan his wieffe, my daughter, twentie 
poundes, which is a debte that I didde geve him to his mar- 
riage. I bequeathe vnto Richard Axforde, my sonne in lawe, 
and Edith his wieffe, my daughter, thirteene poundes sixe 
shillinges eighte pence. I bequeath vnto Richard Newman, 
my sonne in lawe, and Margerye his wieffe, my daughter, tenne 
poundes. I bequeathe vnto John Rawlinges, the sonne of 
William Rawlinges, sixe poundes thirtene shillinges foure 
pence. Also I bequeathe vnto the said John Rawlinges my beste 
brason pott. Also I bequeathe vnto the same John my best panne. 
I bequeathe vnto Margerye, my daughter, the beste gowne 
that was her mother in lawes. I bequeathe vnto every one of 
my daughters sixe sheepe a peece, sixe pewter vessels a 
peece, and to cache one of theme a brassene candlesticke. I 
bequeathe vnto Richarde Axeforde's twoe childrenne, John 
and William, twelve weather sheepe. I bequeathe vnto Mar- 
garette Aldridge, my servaunte, one flockebedde, a bolster, a 
paire of sheetes, a paire of blanquettes. I bequeathe vnto the 
same Margarette twelve sheepe. I bequeathe vnto Richard 
Tittforde, my servaunte, one heiffer of three yeares of age and 
two chilver sheepe. I bequeathe vnto Jone Hales my ser- 
vaunte twoe chilver sheepe. I bequeathe vnto Richarde Car- 
penter my beste freese coate. I geve vnto Elizabethe Carpenter 
twoe busshelles of barlie. I geve vnto Agnes Aldridge, of Courte, 
thirteene shillinges fower pence. I geve vnto Annyes Taber 
one busshell of barleye. I bequeathe unto Thomas Harris the 
elder, one bushelle of barleye. I bequeathe vnto Walter Tucker 

one busshell of barleye and my oulde freese coate. All the reste 

R 2 



244 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



of my gooddes movable and vnmovable, nor heretofore geven 
nor bequeathed, I doe also geve and bequeathe vnto my sonne 
William Rawlyns, whome I doe make my full and whole 
executor, and to see my legacies trewlie paide and dischardged. 
Be it provided and also playnelye to vnderstande that I doe 
institute and ordayne my welbeloved in Christe, William 
Yerberye and William Butcher, to be my overseers of this 
my will and testamente as to see the performaunce of all suche 
thinges as I didde by the prefermente of god dispose. Wit- 
nesses to this my laste will and testamente, Harrye Whetaker, 
John Aldridge, Harrye Godpathe. 

[This will was proved at London the last day of May, A.D. 
1581.] 



In Lands 



In Goods* 



ADDITIONAL LAY SUBSIDIES. WILTS ?f. 

M 

[Subsidy, 29 Elizabeth.] 
BRATTON. 



Henry Whetaker . . . . xxs. ijs. 

Robarte Smarte . . . . xxs. ijs. 

John Wheataker . . . . xxs. ijs. 

Christofer Wheataker . . xxs. ijs. 

William Bowcher, junior . . xxs. ijs. 

Richard Axford . . . . xxs. ijs. 

William Gardyner . . . . xxs. ijs. 

Sum of the shares . . xviijs. 

William Rawlins . . . . vijV*. xjs. 

Agnes Alridge . . . . vli. viijs. 

John Alridge, senior . . iij/i. vs. 

William Alridge . . . . iij/i. vs. 

William Ballard . . . . iij/i'. vs. 

William Bowcher, senior . . vij/i'. xjs. 

Jeames Ballard . . . . vli. xs. 

Sum of the shares . . lyjs. 



v\\]d. 
\\\]d. 
vu]d. 
v'rijd. 
viijW. 
v'rijd. 
v'rijd. 
\i\jd. 
iiyW. 



v'rijd. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 245 



RECOVERY ROLL. [Michaelmas, 40 and 41 Elizabeth. Roll 86. | 

WILTS, A.D. 1597-8. Charles Blount, knight, & Joseph 
Garth, gentleman, in their own persons sue against Walter 
James, gentleman, and Henry Batten, the manor of Brook, 
with the appurtenances and 100 messuages, 1,000 acres of land, 
1,000 acres of meadow, 1,000 acres of pasture, 200 acres of 
wood, 200 acres of heath and broom, 200 acres of moor, and 
200 acres of marsh, with the appurtenances in Brook, Hawke- 
ridge, Heywood, Bratton, Leigh, Penley, Bremebridge, and 
Dilton ; and view of frank-pledge, hundredes, liberties and 
franchises, with the appurtenances in Westbury, Brook, 
Hawkeridge, Heywood, Bratton, Leigh, Penley, Bremebridge 
and Dilton, as their right and heritage, and in which Walter 
and Henry do not have ingress unless after the disseisin which 
Hugh Hunt unjustly did to the foresaid Charles and Joseph 
within 30 years now last past. And whereof they say 
that they themselves were seized of the manor, tenements, 
view of frankpledge, liberties, and franchises aforesaid, with 
the appurtenances in their demesne as of free and rightly in 
time of peace of the Queen now by taking the explees to the 
value, &c., &c. And thereof they produce suit, &c. 

And the foresaid Walter and Henry come in their own 
persons and defend their right, &c. And call thence to war- 
rant Charles Blount, knight of the noble order of the Garter, 
Lord Mountjoye, and who is present here in the Court in his 
own person, and warrants to them the said manor, tenements, 
&c. And upon this the foresaid Charles Blount, knight, and 
Joseph sue against the same Charles Lord Mountjoye, tenant 
by his warranty the manor, &c., aforesaid. And whereof they 
say that they themselves were seized, &c., &c. And the 
foresaid Charles Lord Mountjoye calls to warrant Richard 
Humfrey, who is present here in Court, and warrants to him, 
&c. And the foresaid Charles Blount, knight, and Joseph sue 
against Richard holding by his warranty the manor, &c. And 
the said Richard defends his right and says that the foresaid 



246 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Hugh did not disseize the foresaid Charles Blount, knight, and 
Joseph, of the manor, tenements, &c., aforesaid, with the 
appurtenances as the same Charles Blount, knight, and Joseph, 
by the writ and their narration deposed. And concerning this 
he places himself upon the country. 

And the foresaid Charles Blount, knight, and Joseph, seek 
licence to imparl thereof, and have it. And afterwards they 
come back here into court in their own person s this same term. 
And the foresaid Richard, although solemnly put in exigent 
does not return, but has withdrawn from the Court and makes 
default. Therefore it is considered that the foresaid Charles 
Blount, knight, and Joseph recover their seizin against the 
foresaid Walter and Henry of the manor, tenements, &c., 
aforesaid, with the appurtenances. And that the same 
Walter and Henry shall have of the land of the foresaid 
Charles Lord Mountjoye to the value, &c. And that the same 
Charles Lord Mountjoye shall have of the land of the foresaid 
Richard to the value, &c. And that the same Richard shall 
be in mercy. And upon this the foresaid Charles Blount, 
knight, and Joseph, ask for a writ of the Queen to make them 
have full seizin of the said manor, &c., to be directed to the 
sheriff of the county aforesaid. And it is granted to them 
returnable hither fifteen days after S. Martin's day. On 
which day they come hither in their own persons. And the 
sheriff, viz., Sir James Mervyn, gives the information that by 
virtue of the foresaid writ directed to him on the i8th Novem- 
ber last, he caused the foresaid Charles Blount, knight, and 
Joseph to have full seizin of the manor, tenements, view of 
frank pledge, hundred, liberties, and franchises aforesaid, with 
the appurtenances as was commanded him by the said writ. 

RECOVERY ROLL. \Trinity, 41 Elizabeth. Rollg-]J\ 

WILTES. A.D 1598. John Moore, esquire, and Giles 
Tooker, esquire, in their own persons, sue against James Ley, 
esquire, John Kent, gentleman, and Michael Titcombe, gentle- 
man, the hundred of Westbury, with the appurtenances and 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 247 

17 messuages, 4 tofts, 12 gardens, 200 acres of land, 60 acres 
of meadow, 200 acres of pasture, 50 acres of wood, 50 acres of 
heather and broom, 50 acres of moor, 100 acres of marsh, S 
rent, and common of pasture for every kind of animal, with the 
appurtenances in Hawkeridge, Heywood, Brooke, Penley, 
Bremebridge, Dilton, Bratton, Westbury, Northbradlye and 
Steepleashton, and view of frankpledge, and whatever belongs 
to view of frankpledge in Westbury, as their right and heritage. 
And in which James, John Kent and Michael have no ingress 
except after the disseisin done by Hugh Hunt to the foresaid 
John Moore and Giles within 30 years now past. And whereof 
they say that they themselves were seized of the said hundred, 
&c., in their demesne, as of free and rightly in time of peace 
in the time of the Queen now by taking thence the explees to 
the value, &c., &c. And thereof they produce suit. 

And the foresaid James, John Kent and Michael in their 
own persons come and defend their right. And they call 
thence to warrant Charles Blount, knight of the Garter, Lord 
Mountjoye, who is present here in court in his own person, 
and warrants to them the said hundred, &c., with the appur- 
tenances. And upon this the foresaid John Moore and Giles 
sue against Charles Lord Mountjoye himself tenant by his 
warranty the foresaid hundred, &c., in the form aforesaid. 
And Lord Mountjoye holding by his warranty defends his 
right and further calls to warrant Richard Humfrey, who is 
present here in court in his own person, and warrants to him 
the said hundred,. &c. And upon this the foresaid John Moore 
and Giles sue against Richard himself, tenant by his warranty 
the said hundred, &c., with the appurtenances in the form 
aforesaid. And the foresaid Richard, tenant by his warranty, 
defends his right. And says that the foresaid Hugh did not 
disseise the foresaid John Moore and Giles of the hundred, 
&c., as deposed against him. And concerning this he places 
himself upon the country. 

And the foresaid John Moore and Giles ask licence to 
imparl thereof. And they have it. And afterwards John and 



248 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Giles return into the Court this term in their own persons. 
And the foresaid Richard, although solemnly put in exigent 
does not return, but has withdrawn in contempt of the court 
and makes default. Therefore it is considered that the foresaid 
John Moore and Giles shall recover their seisin against the 
foresaid James, John Kent and Michael of the foresaid 
hundred, &c., with the appurtenances. And that James, John 
and Michael shall have of the land of the foresaid Lord 
Mountjoye to the value, &c. And that the foresaid Lord 
Mountjoye shall have of the land of the foresaid Richard, &c. 
And the same Richard shall be in mercy, &c. And upon this 
the said John Moore and Giles ask for the royal writ for the 
full seisin to them of hundred, &c., aforesaid. And afterwards 
on 27th June in the same term John Moore and Giles come 
here into Court in their persons. And the sheriff, Edward 
Penruddock, esquire, now announces that by virtue of the 
writ directed to him on 2oth June last he caused the foresaid 
John Moore and Giles to have full seisin of the foresaid hun- 
dred, tenements, rents, common of pasture, view of frankpledge, 
with the appurtenances as he was commanded in that writ. 

[The following have been accidentally omitted from the 
earlier numbers of Bratton Records.] 

CURIA REGIS ROLL, No. 25, m. 5. [Michaelmas, 10 John.\ 

A.D. 1208. Geoffrey de Mandevill summoned Master 
Eustace de Faukenbrige to warrant his charter of the land of 
Bratton ; he came and warranted the charter and convention 
between them upon the ground of Bratton according to the 
tenor of his charter, as did the same Eustace. 

IBID. ROLL 169, m. gb. [Michaelmas, 44-54 Henry III.] 

A.D. 1259-60. Robert de Plukkeneye, and Isabella his 
wife, by their attorney sought against Richard de Anesy | 
carucate of land with the appurtenances in Bretton, and again 
Nicholas de Aune and Matilda his wife | carucate of land in 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 249 

the same township as their right. And Richard and the 
others came and sought to have view thereof. A day is given 
them from the day of S. Hillary in fifteen days. 

IBID. No. 176, m. zzb. [Michaelmas, 50 Henry III.} 

A.D. 1265. Isabella, who was wife of Walter de Dene, by 
her attorney sought against Ralph de Mandevill the third part 
of 31 acres of land, with the appurtenances in Bratton, and 
against Nicholas Pentecost, the third part of 5 acres of land, 
with the appurtenances in Stoke, and against John le Eyr, the 
third part of 3 acres of land with the appurtenances in the 
same township, and against John Severy the third part of 
2 acres of land with appurtenances in Westbyry, as her 
dowery. Ralph and the others come by their attorney and 
say that the foresaid Isabella ought not to have dower thereof, 
because the said Walter, formerly her husband, neither on the 
day he married her nor ever after held the foresaid tenements 
in fee so as to endow her therewith ; and concerning this they 
put themselves on the country, and Isabella likewise. There- 
fore the sheriff is bidden to summon 12 recognitors in his 
presence to inquire thereof, and to make the inquest known 
here- [at Westminster] in the octaves of S. Hillary. After- 
wards on that day the sheriff sent the inquest, which says that 
the foresaid Walter, husband of Isabella, on the day he wedded 
her nor ever after held the foresaid tenements in fee so as to 
be able to endow her. 

Therefore it is considered that Ralph and the others go 
without a day, and Isabella is in mercy. 

IBID. No. 183. [Stars of Hillary Tcrm } 52 Henry ///.] 

A.D. 1267. WILTS. Benedict, son of Salmon, of Cam- 
bridge, acknowledges by his star that he sells and demises to 
William, son of Rocelin, of Bracton, all right, power, demand 
and claim which he had in a charter for eight pounds of the 
fee which is under his own name, and that of Richard, son of 



250 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Ralph de Stokes, whereof the'wax 1 of the foresaid charter is in 
the archives at Wilton, and all the foresaid charter, chattel, 
and profit which was accruing or for the rest accrues until the 
day of the making. Of this star and all the foresaid charter 
he sold and demised for himself and his heirs to the foresaid 
William, his heirs and assigns, the sale being stable and per- 
manent. So that the foresaid William and his heirs and 
assigns have power, as it was his power to acquire, pardon, 
sell, give, distrain, raise, seize, and do according to the will of 
William, his heirs and assigns, with all the foresaid charter, 
chattel, and profit, according to the use and custom of the 
Jews. And if the foresaid William, his heirs or assigns, need 
to perpetrate a writ of the king to distrain, &c., the tenements, 
land and rents of the said Richard, son of Ralph, which are 
pledged for the debt, the foresaid Jew is held for himself and 
his heirs to perpetrate the writ at the costs of William, his 
heirs and assigns. And the foresaid Jew swears that he has 
not made any star hitherto nor makes any for the rest, which 
could hurt or eloign William, his heirs and assigns, from the 
whole of the foresaid debt or from a part unless by the will of 
the foresaid William, his heirs or assigns. And the foresaid 
Jew granted for himself and his heirs that he would warrant 
to William, his heirs and assigns, the charter and the debt not 
paid at the day of the making of this star, and the wax is in 
the archives at Wilton according to the use and custom of the 
Jews. This star was made on the vigil of the Purification of 
the Blessed Mary, 52 Henry III. 

MINISTERS' ACCOUNTS. Bundle 1,145. No. 12. [15 Edward II .] 

A.D. 1322. The account of John de Ticheburne, sheriff of 
Wilts, of all manors, lands, and tenements, together with 
goods and chattels which belonged to Thomas Mauduyt and 
other contrariants of the lord King, seized into the king's hands 
from nth Feb. to 24th of March, 15 Edward II. 



Cera. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 251 

MULEBURNE AND BRACTONE which were Nicholas 
FitzWarin's. 

From the nth day of February to the 24th day of March. 

Of rent he [the sheriff] is not charged, because no 



J rent is leviable there within the term abovesaid. 
Of pasture within enclosures or without in 
divers places, he is not charged for defect of 
buyers. 

1 The same renders account of xs. from 

hay and fog sold there, and of xiiW. from 
goods & chattels 

' a chest sold. 

Sum of receipts xjs. 

) The same returns account of 3 acres there 
Lands sown > . 

i tound with corn price of the acre ijs. vja. 

And in delivery to Robert Hungerford by 
indenture 

And nothing remains. 



COURT ROLLS. Portfolio 208. No. 29. 

A.D. 1502. WESTBURY. Sheriffs tourn held there 5 April, 
17 Henry VII. The tithing of Bratton came fully and gave 
of the cert iiijs., and presented that Walter Godpath, Philip 
Blache, Thos. Aprice, John Browne, John Hales, Thomas 
Meryweder, Richard Browne, Henry Busshop, John Alrigge, 
William Ranger, William Whete, Stephen Badcake, Thomas 
Alrigge, John Taunton, Thomas Wynke, Thomas Gibbes, and 
all the tenants of the Rector of Edyngdon made default. 

AUGMENTATION OFFICE. MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS, vol. 514. 

[The certificate [A.D. 1553] of all the Chirche goods within 
the counteye of Wiltes .... as well receavid to the Kinge 
his Maiestes use, as also remaininge in Churchis and Chappellis 
. . . . for conveniaunte and comelye ministration of the 
holy Communion . . . .] 



252 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



THE HUNDERDE OF WESTBURYE. 

Delivered to John Bowcher] 

and to Raffe Alridge j cvppe | Ovncis bellis 

or chalis by Indenture of xj ( xj ovnces (sic) bellis iiij r 



ovnces di. and iiij bellis. 

In plate to the Kinges vse - ij ovnces di. 

(To be continued.} 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 231.) 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 

FIRST SERIES. 

C. (continued) 

1655-1-2. Ann CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, of Marlbro. 
1655-8-18. Jeane COOLE, dau. of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 
1657-1-29. Laurence CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb, of Marlbro. 
1658/9-1-22. Joseph COOLE, son of Henry Coole, of Devizes. 
1659-2-10. Laurence CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb. 

1659-1 1-16. James CLEMENT, son of William & Sarah Clement, 
of Ditcheridge. 

1660-10-15. Alice COOL, dau. of John Cool. 

1661-2-10. John CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb, of Marlbro. 

1661-4-22. Anne COLMAN, dau. of Nathan : Colman, of Hullav- 
ington. 

1663-10-23. Rachell CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb. 

1663-6-14. Nathaniell COLMAN, son of Nathani : Colman, of 
Hullavington. 

1664-5-25. Benjamin COOLE, son of Henry Coole. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 253 

1664/5-12-25. Isaac CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb, of Marl- 
brough. 

1666-4-18. Keatherine COLMAN, dau. of Natha : Colman, of 
Sutten benger. 1 

1666-9-5. Jhn CHAMP, son of John Champ, of Mildenhall. 
1667-9-9. Hester CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, of Marlbro. 
1667/8-11-30. Anne CHAMP, dau. of John Champ. 
1668-9-24. tester CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, Senr. 

1669-4-16. Elezebeth COLMAN, dau. of Nath : Colman, of 
Sutton Benger. 

1669/70-1-10. Martha CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, Senr. 

1671-12-14. -Mary CHAMP, dau. of John Champ, of Charlcutt 
Meeting. 

1673-3-2. Thomas COLMAN, son of Nathaniell Colman, of 
Sutton. 

1673-11-18. William COLMAN, son of William Colman, of 
Hullavington. 

1673/4-12-12. Elizabeth CHAMP, dau. of John Champ. 

1674-7-16. Mary CEARD, dau. of Robert & Frances Ceard, of 
Calne Meeting. 

1674-10-12. Samuell COLMAN, son of Nathaniell Colman, of 
Sutton benger. 

1675-11-14. Martha CEARD, dau. of Robert & Frances Ceard, 
of Calne Meeting. 

1 The name COLMAN, of Hullavington and Sutton Benger, appears not 
unfrequently in the Records of Wiltshire Quakerism, and not always in 
a favourable light. NATHANIEL COLEMAN, of Sutton Benger, was, with 
other Wiltshire Friends, concerned in the Wilkinson and Storey controversy 
and secession, which greatly disturbed the peace and work of George Fox 
and his co-adjutors. I copy the following thereanent from the Quarterly 
Meeting minute book " At Charlcott, 4th of 8mo., 1680. Whereas ye 
people of the Lord in the county of Wilts, in particular ye Quarterly 
Meeting thereof, have been beyond expression exercisad with a sadd and 
lainmentable sisme and divission, first fomented and stirred up by John 
Storey and John Wilkinson, of Westmoreland, and afterwards carried on by 
severall in this county, the cheef whereof was AHTHUB EASTMEAD [woolen 
draper of Calne], NATHANIEL COLEMAN, JOHN JENINGS and JOHN 
MATRAVERS, whoe appeared for many moneths with all their endeavours 
to scatter, devide, and to lay weast our Quartely, Monthly, and Womens 
Meetings, which they wer in times past very zealous for .... a 
particular account of which divissions, and sepperations is intended to 
be recorded in a written booke intitulated, A perticular account of ye 



254 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1676-2-25. Thomas CRABB, son of Thomas Crabb, Junr. 
1676-5-15. Sarah CHAMP, dau. of John Champ. 

1676-11-18. Samuell COLMAN, son of Nathaniell Colman, of 
Sutten. 

1677-6-19. Samuel CHIVERS, son of Samuel & Grace Chivers, 
of Slaughterford. 

1677-7-3. Robert CEARD, son of Robert & Frances Ceard, of 
Calne Meeting. 

1677-8-10. John CLARKE, son of John, Junr., & Deborah 
Clarke, of Devizes. 

1678-2-13. Elizabeth COOK, dau. of Roger & Jeane Cook, of 
Voxham. 

1678-8-16. John CHURCH, son of John Church, of Cleaverton, 
Lea ph. 

1679-8-5. Hester CLARKE, dau. of Jno., Junr., & Rebecca 
[Deborah] Clark, of Devizes. 

1679-8-24. Sarah CRABB, dau. of Thomas Crabb, Junr. 

1679-10-8. Sarah CHIFFERS, dau. of Samuel & Grace Chiffers, 
of Slaughterford. 

1680-4-22. John CHURCH, son of John Church, of Cleaverton. 
1681-8-6. Mary CRABB, dau. of Thos. Crabb, Junr. 
1682-9-11. Mary CHURCH, dau. of John Church, of Cleaverton. 

1682-10-31. Frances CEARD, dau. of Robert & Frances Ceard, 
of Calne Meeting. 

1683-6-15. Joseph CEALE, son of John & Jone Ceale, of Calne 
Meeting. 



rise, beginning, carrying on and progress of ye devision and sepparation, 
which is the worke of Beliall and his instruments in the County of Wilts, 
etc. . . ." The minute is signed by 37 Friends. ***** 
In a little book of Marriages and Burials, among the Friends 
who sign the record? appeared originally the name of Nathaniel Coulman, 
but in more than thirty places where it occurs, beginning 9mo. 1671, it has 
been almost obliterated by, apparently, a contemporary hand. This some- 
what spiteful and altogether unusual proceeding, has not, however, suc- 
ceeded in removing the name entirely from the book, for the name has 
been overlooked in a few places, and thus escaped molestation. On the 
other hand we read that "Nathaniel Coulman, of Sutton Benger, because he 
could not pay Tythes, was proceeded against in the County Court, and had 
taken from him 2 cows, one of them worth three pounds, ten shillings, 
which they sold ; the other, after some time, was returned back again, but 
never prospered, for it pined away and dyed." 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 255 

1690-4-10. Water (sic) COLMAN, son of William Colman, of 
Langley. 

1692-10-27. James CLARK, son of John & Ann Clark, of 
Bradford. 

1694-8-19. Jane COOK, dau. of Roger & Patience Cook, of 
Chippenham. 

1695-9-26. At Bradford, Elizabeth CLARK, dau. of John & Ann 
Clark, of Bradford, chymist. 

1696-3-6. Sarah COLEHORNE, dau. of Phillip & Sarah Cole- 
horne, of Chippenham Meeting. 

1696-5-29. Charles COOK, son of Roger & Patience Cook, of 
Chippenham. 

1697/8-12-20. William CLARKE, son of John & Ann Clarke, of 
Bradford, chymist. 

1698-7-19. Job COOPER, son of John Cooper, of Bradford ph., 
scribbler. 

1698-10-5. Roger COOK, son of Roger & Patience Cook, of 
Chippenham. 

1698-11-20. Jane CERTAINE, dau. of William & Rebecca 
Certaine, late of Holt. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
(To be continued.) 

20, Ruskin Road, 

Tottenham, Middsx. 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 234.) 



271. Anno 36. Thomas Horton and Nicholas Halswell 
and Margery his wife; half of certain messuages and lands 
in Tyleshedde, North Bradley, Gore and Chenell. ^60. 

272. Anno 36. Edmund Mompesson, arm., and James 
Morys, gen., and Elizabeth his wife; messuages, lands, etc., 
in Staunton. ..Marks. 



256 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

273. Anno 36. Thomas Arundel, knt., & Henry Law- 
rence, gen., and Thomas West, knt, Lord Le War, Owen 
West, knt., Leonard West, arm., and Barbara his wife ; manor 
of Sutton Maundefeld als. Maundfeld Haseldon, and Tisbury, 
with advowson of the church of Sutton Maundefeld. 

274. Anno 36. John Gerysshe and Andrew Baynton, 
arm. ; messuages and lands in Shalke and Melkysham. 

275. Anno 36. John Holmes and Thomas South; mes- 
suages and lands in New Sarum. ^140. 

276. Anno 36. Robert Browne and John South, knight, 
Lord Zowche, Seyntmor and Cantlow ; lands in Summerlees, 
Godwyns and Calne. ^56. 

277. Anno 36. Thomas Horton and Thomas Bamfyld, 
arm., and Anna his wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of John Savery, arm. ; messuages and lands in Cricklade, 
Chelworth and Chalfield, advowson of the free chapel of St. 
Blase in Chalfield. ,300. 

278. Anno 36. Walter Graunt and Henry Long, knt. ; 
messuages and lands in Bradford. ^40. 

279. Anno 36. Robert Kellway and Edward Darell, 
knt., and John Thynne, arm.; manor of Knyghton near 
Broadchalke, and lands in Knygton and Broadchalke. 

280. Anno 36. Giles Mores and John Mascall and Ellen 
his wife ; messuages and lands in Hyghworth. ^30. 

281. Anno 37. William Paradyse and Thomas Erie and 
Christina his wife, and Thomas Hoskyns and Elizabeth his 
wife; messuages and lands in Bromeham. 40 marks. - 

282. Anno 37. John Secolle and Milo Partriche and 
Johanna his wife; messuages and lands in Kingswood. ^200. 

283. Anno 37. William More and Andrew Baynton, 
arm., and Robert Kaylway, arm. ; manor of Estwinterslow, 
and lands in Estwinterslow and Alderbury. 

284. Anno 37. Michael Dormer, knt., and Walter Shan- 
gulton, gen. ; messuages and lands in Shalborne and River, 
as well as the advowson of the Rectory of the church of 
St. Margaret in Shalborne. ,100. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 257 

285. Anno 37. John Abyn and John Harwarde ; messu- 
ages and lands in New Sarum in the street called Winchester 
Street and Broune Street. ,60. 

286. Anno 37. Thomas A Vale and William Chaderton, 
gen., son and heir of Edmund Chaderton, arm. ; messuages 
and lands in Marlebourgh. 30. 

287. Anno 37. William Button, arm., and William 
Smyth and Maria his wife, dau. and heiress of George 
Clevedon, defunct; a third part of the manor of Wood- 
borowe ; messuages and lands in Woodborowe, Manyng- 
ford and Boundes. ,80. 

288. Anno 37. William Planner and William Kyrkeham 
and Johanna his wife; messuages and lands in Wokingham. 
^80. 

289. Anno 37. Thomas Chafyn, of Mere, and Thomas 
Vawtard and Agnes his wife, and John More, arm., and 
Katherine his wife ; manor of Sealyscleudon, messuages and 
lands in Over Seales, Nether Scales, Wolverton, Hache and 
Lynley. ^320. 

290. Anno 37. John Gerysche and Edward White and 
Elizabeth his wife ; manor of Shaw and lands in Melksham. 
^40. 

291. Anno 37. Anthony Passion and Giles Gore and 
Edith his wife; half of certain messuages and lands in Henton 
and Lytteltone. ,48. 

292. Anno 37. Thomas Cater and Thomas Stanter and 
Katherine his wife, John Mogryge and William Mogryge ; 
messuages and lands in the city of New Sarum in the High 
Street and Town ditch. 200 marks. 

293. Anno 37. Thomas Champneys, gen., and Richard 
Kyrton, arm., & Elizabeth his wife and Christofer Kyrton; 
manor of Cutteryge, messuages and lands in Cutteryge, Hony- 
bryge, Southwyke, Bradley, Brokers, Brockers Wood, Dyche- 
ryche, Lydvreokes and Box. .560. 

294. Anno 37. John Mychell and William Wroughton, 



258 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

knt. ; messuages and lands in Calston, Cokylboroughe and 
Alberdmede. ^80. 

295. Anno 37. William Popley and Edward Twenow 
arm., and Edith his wife ; manor of Chettern, messuages and 
lands in Chetterne All Saints and Chetterne St. Mary. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued). 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF SOME 
DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 

(Continued from p. 22^.) 



In the year 1501, Katherine of Arragon, on her arrival in 
England, was a visitor here. She landed at Plymouth October 
2nd, and on her progress thence from Exeter to London, 
reached Shaftesbury Abbey on the 3oth of the same month, 
being Saturday. Here she remained until the following Tues- 
day, 2nd November, when another stage of the journey brought 
her over part of the Wiltshire downs to Amesbury Monastery, 1 
where she lodged for a night, and the next day set out again 
for the Angel at Andover. Her first marriage with Prince 



1 At Amesbury the Duchess of Norfolk, with certain ladies, were in 
attendance to receive her ; and she was met on her journey, several 
miles out of the place, by the Lord Treasurer with several Bishops, 
abbots, lords and knights, the latter including two Wiltshiremen, 
Sir John Seymour and Sir Christopher Wroughton. After her 
offering, my Lady of Norfolk was to receive her in some convenient spot 
between the place of meeting and her lodging in the Monastery, and one 
William Hollybrand to welcome her in Spanish song, and in the name of the 
Duchess, with such words as be delivered to him. 

A " chare" to be ready at Amesbury, same time, to put her in the next 
day, or any other time when it shall please her. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 259 

Arthur was solemnized on the i4th of the same month. 1 From 
the two first Tudor monarchs the Prioress and Nuns obtained 
further Charters confirming their lands and liberties. It 
appears from Jones' Index of Memoranda that fines were paid 
to the Crown for confirmation of letters patent in 1488 and 
1512 ; 2 and in 1499 Henry VII confirmed divers charters 
granted to the Abbess by former Kings of England. 3 Their 
last Royal Charter must have been that granted by Henry 
VIII in 1532.4 

In 1534 the opposition of the clergy to the King's matri- 
monial speculations led, as is well known, to the severance of 
the English Church from the spiritual supremacy of the See 
of Rome. The Pope having refused to sanction the divorce of 
his outraged queen, Henry quickly resolved to break off all 
connexion with him, and to declare himself Pope in his own 
dominions. The great body of the clergy, who were opposed 
to his wishes, was therefore to be coerced into seeming ap- 
proval, and the statute which declared the Royal Supremacy 
was the instrument employed to effect this purpose. Of the 
declaration itself, which was a most carefully prepared docu- 
ment, a blank form was carried to every religious community, 
spaces being left for the insertion of the name and style of the 
House, and also for the signatures of its inmates. It con- 
cluded with an oath of obligation and faithful and perpetual 
observance of the whole of its contents being sealed with 
their common seal, and compulsorily attested in the Chapter 
House of each community by the whole of its inmates. 



1 She afterwards married his younger brother, Henry VIII, in 1509. 

2 Amesbury. Priorissa et Moniales ibid'. Finis solutus pro confirma- 
tione quarumdam Literarum Patentium. Original, 4 Hen. VII, Roll 56. 
Idem, 4 Hen. VIII, Roll 117. 

3 Confirmatio diversarnm Cartarum Progenitorum Regis Abbatissse 
ibid' factarum. Michael Record, 15 Hen. VII, Roll 14. {Exparte Bememer- 
atorls Thesaurari-i.) 

4 Carta Regis Priorissas et Monialibus confecta de maneriis et liberta- 
tibus. Michael Record, 24 Hen. VIII, Roll 10, 

T 2 



260 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The declaration of the King's supremacy was the first 
step towards the spoliations which followed. It was presently 
enacted that every possessor of any ecclesiastical dignity, 
office, or place, should surrender to him the first fruits, re- 
venues, and profits for one year, and further should pay to him 
every year a tenth of all his revenues, emoluments, and profits; 
the first payment to be made at the Feast of the Nativity 1535. 
Commissioners were accordingly appointed by Parliament to 
enquire into and report upon the value of all ecclesiastical 
possessions throughout the country, and the returns made on 
this occasion constitute the well-known Valor Ecclesiasticus, 
published by the Record Commissioners in six folio volumes, 
A.D. 1810-34. The Valor of Amesbury Monastery, printed 
in the second volume (p. 93), furnishes a complete view of the 
possessions of the house during its last few years of place and 
power. 1 

The compilation of the Valor was quickly followed by the 
appropriation of the property which it represented. Cromwell, 
an old servant of Wolsey, soon after proposed a so-called 
Visitation of the Religious Houses, the real object of which, 
besides plunder, was perhaps to bring an evil report upon these 
places. Being himself constituted General Visitor, his plans, 
with the assistance of Doctors Layton, Legh, Petre, London, 
and others, were soon carried into effect, and during the year 
1535, whilst this visitation was actually in progress, two acts 



1 In the time of William the Conqueror the Monastery possessed lands 
in Allington, Boscombe, Bulford, Cholesbanestone [Choulston Sir R. 0. 
Hoare prints Cholderton\ t Winterbourne, and Winterslow ; as well as HiJ hides 
in co. Berks. To its possessions in Wilts the Nomina Villarum of A.D. 1316 
adds Amesbury, Maddington, and the manor and hundred of Melksham 
given by Henry III (see ante p. 147). The Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1534, and 
the Minister's Accounts of 1540, further add either property, or church 
patronage, in Aldbourne, Alton, West Amesbury, Benacre, Berford, Biddes- 
den, Durrington, Enford, Ludgershall, Milston, Orcheston St. George, liab- 
son (in Winterbourne Basset), Rothfenne [Radfyn ?], Sarum, Seend, 
Seendrew, North Tidworth, Wanborough, Whitley, Woodrew, and VVoolmore ; 
with other property in the counties of Berks and Southampton. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 261 

were passed, by the first of which all the monasteries of less 
value than ,200 per annum (in all more than 370 in number) 
were suppressed, and their possessions of every kind granted 
to the Crown ; whilst by the second a court was established, 
" commonly to be called the Court of the Augmentations of 
the Revenues of the King's crown," for the purpose of manag- 
ing the immense income thus acquired, and also dispensing 
"some convenient charity" to such of the displaced religious 
as might chose to return to the world, instead of entering the 
so-called honourable great monasteries, yet unsuppressed ; but 
whose overthrow was the next object of the King's 
attention. 

The name of the Prioress of Amesbury at the time of the 
compilation of the Valor Ecclesiasticus, in 1 534, was Florence 
Bonnewe, or Bormewe. As early as 1535 or 1536, on the 
Visitation of the Monastery by Dr. Tregonnel 1 and other of 
Cromwell's emissaries, an attempt had been made to persuade 
the Prioress voluntarily to resign the government of her house 
into the King's hands ; but this for awhile she steadily refused, 
and Tregonnel and his fellow commissioners thus wrote to 
Secretary Cromwell : 

" We came to Ambresbury, and there communed with the Abbess 
lor the accomplishment of the King's highness commission in like sort ; 
and, albeit we have used as many ways with her as our poor wits could 
attain, yet, in the end, we could not by any persuasions bring her to any 
conformity, but at all times she rested and so remaineth in these terms, 
' If the King's highness command me to go from this house, I will gladly 
go, though I beg my bread; as for pension I care for none'. In these 
terms she was in all her communication, praying us many times to 
trouble her no farther herein, for she had declared her full mind, in the 
which we might plainly gather of her words she was fully fixed before 
our coming." Miscellaneous Letters (State Paper Office), second series, 
vol. 43, fol. 227. 



1 Sir John Tregonnell, of Milton, co. Dorset, held the manor and 
rectory of Pottern, with glebe, lands, &c., by demise from John (Salcott or 
Capon) Bishop of Salisbury, 2 Edward VI [1547-8]. In 2 and 3 Philip and 
Mary [1554-5] Tregonnell again demised the same to Adhelm Lambe, 
of Coulston, and his assigns. 



262 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

It appears, however, that being in ill health, and harassed, 
no doubt, by the continued importunity of the Royal Com- 
missioners foreseeing also the speedy fall of the monastery, 
and the ejection of its inmates she was soon afterwards 
induced to resign her office of Prioress, on the promise from 
the Commissioners of a yearly stipend for life ; but not feeling 
herself justified in depending wholly on such promise, she thus 
addressed Lord Cromwell himself, relying on him for its due 
performance : x 

"Right honourable my singular good lord, 

I humbly recommend me unto your good lordship, and have received 
the King's most gracious letters and yours touching the resignation of 
my poor office in the monastery of Ambresbury ; according to the 
purport of which letters and your good advertisement, I have resigned 
my said office into the hands of the King's noble grace, before the com- 
missioners thereto appointed ; trusting that such promises as the same 
commissioners have made unto me for assurance of my living hereafter 
shall be performed. And so I most humbly beseech your good lordship, 
in the way of charity, to be means for me unto the King's highness, that 
I may be put in surety for my said living during the little time that it 
shall please God to grant me to live. And I shall continually during my 
time pray to God for the preservation ot the King's most excellent no[ble] 
grace, and your honourable estate long to endure. At the poor 
monastery [of] Ambresbury the loth day of the present month, August. 

By your poor O[ratrice] 
FLORENCE BO[NNEWE] 
late Prioress [there]. 
To the Right Honourable and my 

singular good lord, my Lord 

Cromwell and Lord Privy Seal.' 

Endorsed: "Florence Bonnewe, Prioress of Ambresbury, desiring to 
have her stipend for life." 

This letter was apparently written on the loth August 1536, 
but the writer, being removed by death almost immediately 
after, was spared the sight of the evil days which followed, 
and the dissolution and destruction of the House over which it 
had been her lot to preside. 



1 Miscellaneous Letters, second series,- vol. i, No. 117, printed in 
Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, by M. A. Everett Wood, 1846. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 263 

The resignation of this Prioress paved the way for an 
unconditional surrender, in due course, of the Monastery itself; 
and it only remained for Cromwell in the meantime to appoint, 
as her temporary successor, a lady who would, in exchange for 
a liberal pension, resign her office, and quietly surrender the 
House into the King's hands, when called upon to do so. 

The individual thus selected was Joan Darell, probably a 
member of the Littlecote family. She was appointed before 
the 2oth of January, 29 Hen. VIII (1537), for Sir Richard 
Hoare (Amesbury Hundred, p. 68) has printed a grant to one 
John Butler, made by her as Prioress, and dated in the 
Chapter House of Amesbury Monastery on that day. 

Three years after the downfall of the smaller Monasteries, 
another Act was passed by which the greater ones were to 
share the same fate ; and, in compliance with the Royal 
mandate, the Prioress and Nuns of Amesbury, thirty-four in 
number, met for the last time, in their Chapter House, on the 
4th December 1539, and signed the instrument of surrender, 
by which the Monastery was on the same day " clearly dis- 
solved and suppressed." 

Three days after the surrender (Decembef 7) the follow- 
ing letter was addressed by the Commissioners at Amesbury 
to Lord Cromwell, and sent to him by the hands of Sir 
Anthony Hungerford 1 : 

" Ower humble dewties observyd vnto your gudde lordshippe. It 
may lyk the same to be advertised that we have taken the surrendre of 
the late monastery of Amesbury wher we founde the late Priores and 
herre sisters very honest and conformable persones. Sir Anthony Hunger- 
ford oon of the kingis highnes commissioners thys berar have be present 
ther at all our doings and can farther declare vnto your lordeshipp the 
same, to whom we beseke your lordshippe therein to geve credance. And 
now we be in iorney towardis Bristow, where we shall apply our selfes 
with all deligens to accomplish and execute the residew of our commis- 



1 Sir Anthony Hungerford, of Down Ampney [1524-1558]. Sheriff of 

Gloucestershire, 1552. Buried at Great Bedwyn 19 Nov. 1558. His first 

wife was Jane, daughter of Sir Edward Darell, of Littlecote, and most 
probably a near relative of the last Prioress of Amesbury. 



264 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

sions ther. And thus we besek almyztie Ihesus longe to preserve 
your gudde lordeshippe with increse of moche honour. At Amysbery 
vij decembris. 

your lordshippis humbly to command, 

(signed) ROBERT SOWTHWELL, 
EDWARD CARNE, 1 
JOHN LONDON, 
RYCHARD POULET, 
WILLIAM B.ERNERS. 

To our right honorable and synguler gudde 
lorde the lord privie seale." 

Endorsed : "Robt. Sowthwell, and other the commissioners the viith ol 
December." (/ another hand) "declaring the surrendour of the 
nuns of Amysbery." 

State Papers, Henry VIII, vol. xiv, pt. ii, No. 646. 

PRIORESSES OF AMESBURY. The following list will be 
found to include all that are at present known to have pre- 
sided over the Monastery : 

A. D. 1177. [At page uSofthe present volume the name of Johanna de 
Gennes was, by an oversight, wrongly given as that of the 
first Prioress sent over from Font Evrault, on the annexation 
of Amesbury to that Abbey, at the above date. The mistake, 
which did not originate with the present writer, may be 
corrected here. Johanna de Gennes came over from Font 
Evrault, as Prioress of Amesbury, but at a later date, as 
given below. The actual name of the French Prioress of 
1177 has not yet been ascertained.] 

121 1. EMELINA; mentioned in Hunter's Berkshire Fines, p. 145. 

1297. JOHANNA DE GENNES. An inspeximus, dated from the 
Royal palace of Clarendon, 6th March, 25 Edward I [1297], 
is printed in Hoare's Modern Wilts (Amesbury Hundred, 
p. 69), by which the King confirms her appointment as 
Prioress, in accordance with letters patent of recommendation 



1 Edward (afterwards Sir Edward) Came was an active agent in the 
matter of Henry VIII and Queen Katherine's divorce. They were of 
Wenny, co Glamorgan. Sir Robert Long, of the Wraxhall and Drayeote 
line, married Barbara, daughter of Sir Edward Came, of Wenny. 
Their arms LONG, impaling Gules, a pelican in piety or CARNE, with 
date 1598, are on the chimney piece in the hall of South Wraxhall Old 
Manor House. 

Edward Carne, Doctor of Decretals, was vicar of Melksham in 1534. 
Valor Ecclesiasticus. He resigned in 1536. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 265 

in Norman-French, by the Abbess of Font Evrault. 1 The date 
of this document has hitherto been incorrectly printed as 1294. 

1308. JOHANNA ; presents to the Church of Biddesden [in Ludger- 
shall], of which, as Prioress of Amesbury, she was Rector. 
Wilts Institutions. 

c. 1315-17. DAMBERT; mentioned as "late Prioress" in a letter from the 
Princess Mary to her brother, Edward II (see ante, p. 152). 
The nuns of Amesbury had, at this time, petitioned the 
Abbess of Font Evrault to appoint a certain Lady Isabella, 
one of their number, as Prioress ; but whether their request 
was granted does not appear. 

c. 1330. PRINCESS MARY, daughter of Edward I, a nun here 
[1283-1330], is mentioned in a Patent Roll of later date as 
having been formerly Prioress (see ante, p. 151 note). She 
died about 1330. 

LADY ISABELLA PLANTAGENET, daughter of Henry, Duke of 
Lancaster. She was consecrated a nun here in 1327, and 
Leland says she was Prioress ; but this is uncertain (see 
ante, p. 153). 

1349. MARGERY DE PIREBROOKE ; also consecrated a nun here in 
1327. She presented to the Church of Biddesden, as 
Prioress, in 1349. Wilts Institutions. 

1410. SIBILLA DE MONTACUTE, of the family of Montacute, Earl of 
Salisbury. 2 The tenants of Sibyll, Prioress of Amesbury, in 
her manor and hundred of Melksham, are mentioned in 
Hilary Record, 12 Henry IV (1410). She died in 1420, when 
the following licence issued from the Crown, dated 10 
September, for the election of a successor : 



1 It is printed by Sir Richard Hoare, not from the original, but from 
Prynne's Papal Usurpations, p. 769. The latter writer, who was by no 
means favourable to the monastic orders, prefaces the Norman-French 
document with a paragraph of his own, in which he describes the newly 
elected lady (Johanna de Gennes) as a Prioress to reform and, correct the 
abuses and disorders of the nuns and friars in that monastery, instead of 
(as in the deed itself) a wise and vigorous person, in whose ability to govern 
the monastery the Abbess of Font Eerault had great confidence. Prynne's 
incorrect version, reprinted by Hoare, may (without consulting the entire 
document) have been taken as referring to the expulsion of the former 
nuns by Henry II, in 1177, thus connecting the name of Johanna de 
Gennes with that date, instead of the reign of Edward I. 

2 Was she daughter of John de Montacute, third Earl, beheaded in 
1399-1400, and attainted ? In Hilary Record, 3 Henry IV [1401J, roll 23, is 
" de Priorissa de Ambresbury exoneranda, de diversis bonis et catellis que 
fuerunt Johar.nis nuper Comitis Sarum ". 



266 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



A.D. 1420. De licencia eligendi 1 " Rex dilectis sibi in Christo Sup- 

Ambresbury j priorisse et Conventui de Ambros- 

bury salutem. Ex parte vestra nobis 

est humiliter supplicatum vt cum ecclesia vestra predicta 
per mortem bone memorie Sibille de Monte Acuto vltime 
priorisse loci illius pastricis sit solacio destituta et quod ex 
ordinacione primaria domus siue monasterii vestri predict! 
obeunte ejusdem domus priorissa que pro tempore loret Abba- 
tisse Monasterii Fontis Ebraldi in Normannia sub cuius religione 
et ordine divino famulamini fauore et assensu mediantibus 
licencia et assensu regiis irrequisitis priorissam vobis eligere 
consueueritis et deberetis ac per auctoritatem parliament! 
nostri apud Leycestre nuper ten'ti ordinatum existat quod 
possessiones prioratuum alienigenorum in regno nostro Anglic 
existentes nobis et heredibus nostris imperpetuumdebeant re- 
manere iuxta tormam ordinacionis supradicte aliam vobis 
eligendi in priorissam et pastricem domus vestre predicte 
racione temporalium ipsius Abbatisse in Anglia occasione par- 
liament! predicti in manu nostra existencium licenciam conce- 
dere dignaremur Nesoccasionibuspremissis precibusvestris in 
hac parte fauorabiliter inclinati licenciam illam vobis duximus 
concedendam mandantes quod talem vobis eligatis in 
Priorissam et pastricem que deo denota ecclesie vestre neces- 
saria nobisque et regno nostro Anglie vtilis et fidelis existat. 
In cuius, &c. Testex die Septembris." Patent, 8 Henry V, 
m. 9. (Rymet, old edition, x, 19^). 
1438. JOHANNA, presented to the Church of Biddesden, as Prioress 

of Amesbury. Wilts Institutions. 

1486. ALICE FISHER; elected 16 May. Aubrey copied an inscrip- 
tion, date 1485, which remained in his time in the east window 
of the Chancel at Wanborough ; of which church the Prioress 
of Amesbury was Rector. The name had disappeared, but 
he gives it from hearsay as Emma Fisher. The window 
may have been the gift of this Prioress. 

JOAN HORNER ; described as "sumtyme High Prioress," was 
pensioned, with other inmates of the monastery, on its 
dissolution. 

1534. FLORENCE BONNEWE, or BORMEWE ; mentioned in Valor 
Ecclesiasticus, vol. ii, p. 93, as Prioress at this date. See her 
letter to Lord Cromwell at p. 262, supra. 
1537. JOHANNA DARELL; surrendered her Monastery 4th December, 

1539- 

THE MONASTERY AFTER THE DISSOLUTION. With its sur- 
render into the hands of the Crown, the history of Amesbury 
Monastery as a religious establishment comes naturally to a 
close. Nothing remained but the appropriation of the spoil 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Aldbourne. 267 

the ejection and dispersion of its inmates the destruction of 
the superfluous buildings and the disposal of the site. All 
these were easy matters, and accustomed as the Royal Com- 
missioners, and their deputies, must have been, at that time, 
to transactions of a similar kind, we may easily imagine that 
they found but little difficulty in winding-up the affairs of 
Amesbury Monastery ; for three days after its surrender 
(Dec. 7) they were " in journey towards Bristol " on a similar 
mission ; and eight days later (Dec. 15) the great mitred Abbey 
of Malmesbury, the last of the religious houses remaining in 
Wiltshire, also fell into the King's hands, and was likewise 

dissolved and suppressed. 

EDWARD KITE. 

(To be continued.} 



DEED RELATING TO THE MANOR OF ALDBOURNE, 
A.D. 1615-1634. 



Rainald William Knightley Goddard, esq., of Denmark 
Hill, .London, very kindly contributes the following copy of a 
document in his possession. From original records of this 
kind, in the hands of private individuals the contents of 
which may perhaps be little known, or the documents them- 
selves, in some instances, little valued by their present owners 
the future historian of North Wilts may, in compiling the 
yet unwritten history of this part of the County, be enabled 
to glean many details relating to the descent of manors or 
estates, not obtainable from any other source. Meanwhile 
the pages of Wilts N. &> Q. offer a fitting receptacle for 
bringing together and preserving reliable copies of, or extracts 
from documents of this kind, the originals of which may at any 
time be mislaid, destroyed by fire, or otherwise irrecoverably 
lost. 



268 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

In the case of the manor of Aldbourne, to which the 
present deed refers, no attempt seems yet to have been made 
to trace its history. It is not included among the parishes 
mentioned by Aubrey in his Wiltshire Collections, and the late 
Mr. Britton, Beauties of Witts, iii, p. 255-6, merety says that 
the Royal Chase here was granted by Henry VIII to his 
brother-in-law, Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, omitting 
altogether any details as to the descent of the manor, which at 
the time of the Domesday Survey 1 was in the hands of the 
Crown, and afterwards became parcel of the Wiltshire posses- 
sions of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

From an inquisition taken in 1310, it appears that the 
manor of " Aldeburne", parcel of the Earldom of Salisbury, 
then belonged to Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, whose late 
wife, Margaret, was great granddaughter of William Longespee, 
who held the Earldom of Salisbury, in right of his wife Ela, 2 
granddaughter and heiress of Patrick de Evreux, 3 created Earl 
of Salisbury by the Empress Maud. 

In the Nomina Villarum (A.D. 1316) we find that Aid- 
bourne then belonged to the Earldom (afterwards Duchy) 
of Lancaster ;* Thomas Plantagenet, the eldest son of Edmund 
Crouchback, by his second wife Blanche, Queen Dowager of 
Navarre, who succeeded his father as second Earl of Lancaster 



1 A church and priest are both mentioned at this date. 

2 Foundress, in 1232, of Lacock Abbey, and Hinton Charterhouse. 

3 Son of Walter, founder of Bradenstoke Priory in 1142, and grandson 
of Edward of Salisbury, sheriff of Wilts. 

4 The following names appear in the Inquisitions Post Moi-tem, during 
the reign of Edward III, as holders of " Aldeborne " manor, under the 
Duchy: 

A.D. 1326-7. John de Meriet and Mary his wife. 
1346-7. John Lovel, knt. 

John de Warren, Earl of Surrey. The Nomina Villarum 

says it was held in chief by military service. 
1354-5. Bartholomew de Burghersh. 
1359-60. Philip de Upton. 
1360-61. Joan, wife of John de Warren, Earl of Surrey. 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Aldbourne. 269 

in 1296, having married the heiress of Lacy, and thus become 
possessed of the inheritance of that richly endowed family. 

Henry Plantagenet, the nephew of Thomas, who became 
fourth Earl on the death of his father in 1345, was created 
Duke of Lancaster by Edward III, in 1351, and his daughter 
conveyed the title to her husband, John of Gaunt, Earl of 
Richmond, fourth son of Edward III, with whom Aldbourne 
Chace is said to have been a favourite hunting ground, and 
his name is still traditionally connected with the old Elizabethan 
mansion of the Goddard family at Upper Upham, as well as 
another house which stood on the site of the Court House 
near Aldbourne Church. 

On the accession of Henry of Bolingbroke, son of John of 
Gaunt, to the throne of England, as King Henry IV, in 1399 
the year after the death of his father the Duchy of Lancaster 
became merged in the Crown, but has always remained under 
"a separate guiding and governance" from its other inheri- 
tances. 

A survey of the manor of Aldbourne, taken 10 August, 
33 Elizabeth [1590], will be found in Wilts Arch. Magazine, vi, 
p. 1 88. It was contributed by the late Charles Edward 
Long, esq., from the original in the Duchy of Lancaster 
Office. 

The revenues of the Duchy, afterwards very much 
augmented, constituted a considerable part of the civil estab- 
lishment of the country in the early times of James I, but the 
subsequent wants of that monarch induced him to raise money 
by granting long leases of the Duchy estates, and it is to a 
transaction of this kind with the manor of Aldbourne, that the 
following deed apparently refers. The preamble recites a 99 
years lease granted by King James in 1615-16 to six of his 
courtiers Sir Francis Bacon, Sir John Daccombe, Thomas 
Murrey, Sir James Fullerton, Sir John Walter, and Sir 
Thomas Trevor one of them being Chancellor of the Duchy, 
and the rest belonging to the establishment of his son Charles, 
as Prince of Wales, 



270 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

By indenture dated 20 June, 4 Charles I (1628), the three 
surviving lessees Fullerton, Walter, and Trevor assigned 
the manor with its appurtenances (parcel of the possessions of 
Edward, Lord Clinton, exchanged) to William Williams, 
Robert Michell, Walter Marks, and Robert Marshe, citizens of 
London, to hold during the residue of the term of 99 years, at 
a yearly rent of ^135 155. o^d. payable to the King's Receiver 
General, or the Receiver of the County for the time being. 

Three years later, the said Williams, Michell, Marks and 
Marshe, by indenture i July, 7 Charles I (1631), again assigned 
their interest in the lease of the Aldbourne property to Hugh 
Hawkins and Anthony Martyn. 

By the present indenture, made 10 May, 10 Charles I 
(1634), between Edward Martyn, of Upham, esq., 1 Hugh 
Hawkins, of Newbury, and Anthony Martyn, of Purton, gents., 
of the one part, and Edward Goddard, of Upham, esq., 2 John 
Doyley, of Aldbourne, esq., Richard Goddard, of Balden, co. 
Oxon., gent., and Henry Gearinge, of Lechlade, mercer, of the 
other part ; the said Hugh Hawkins and Anthony Martyn, in 
consideration of 500 paid to the said Edward Martyn, 
by Edward Goddard, and by the direction and appoint- 
ment of the said Edward Martyn, again assigned the lease to 
John Doyley, Richard Goddard, and Henry Gearinge, and 
thus apparently the manor of Aldbourne came into the hands 



1 Edward and Anthony Martyn were sons of Henry Martyn, who died 
15 July 1626, seised of the manor of Nethercote, Eastcote, and Westcote, 
in the parish of Swindon ; a capital messuage and 4J virgates of land in 
Upham ; a tenement and half a virgate in Snappe ; ten acres of land 
and pasture in Snappe called the Breach ; and five messuages and forty 
acres of land in Alborne the premises in Upham and Snapp being held of 
Richard Digges and his wife Elizabeth, as of their manor of Upham ; and 
those of Alborne of the King, as of his manor of Aldbourne, parcel of his 
Duchy of Lancaster. See Wilts Inq. Post Mortem, temp. Charles I. 

2 Priscilla, wife of Edward Goddard, of Upham, died 15 June 1681, and 
is buried at Box. Their fourth son Thomas, of Eudloe House, in Box, 
married Mary, daughter of Ambrose Awdry, of Melksham. She appears to 
have died in London, and was buried in the Church of St. Lawrence, Jewry. 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Aldbourne. 271 

of the Wiltshire family of Goddard, who had long held pro- 
perty there, for in 1531 John Goddard, of Aldbourne, acquired 
Upper Upham, and the old house, which tradition still connects 
with John of Gaunt, bears on its front the initials of Thomas 
Goddard (son of the above John), who purchased the Swindon 
property in 1562, and his wife Ann, sister of Sir George Gifford, 
as also on the porch those of Richard Goddard (son of Thomas) 
and his wife Elizabeth, with date 1599. 

l)ia ginbenture made the Tenth day of May in the Tenth yeare 
of the Reigne of our Sou'eigne lord CHARLES by the grace of God 
of England Scotland ffraunce and Ireland Kinge defender of the faith 
&c. fjtetweene Edward Martyn of Upham [co. Wilts] Esquier, Hugh 
Hawkins of Newbury [co. Berks] gent., and Anthony Martyn of Purton 
[co. Wilts] gent., of th'one parte ; and Edward Goddard of Upham afore- 
said Esquier, John Doyley of Alborne [co. Wilts] Esquier, Richard 
Goddard of Balden [co. Oxon] gent., and Henry Gearinge of Leachlade 
[co. Glouc.] mercer, ot th'other parte. fiUtjereas our late Sou'eigne 
lorde Kinge James in and by one Indenture bearinge date the Tenth day 
of January in the ffowretenth yeare of his highnes Reigne of England &c. 
made betwene his said late Ma'tie of th'one parte, And Sir ffrancis Bacon 
Knight sithence deceased then his Ma'ties Attorney gen'all, And then 
one of his Maj'ties most hono'ble privie Councell, and late Chancellor to 
the King's Ma'tie that nowe is, beinge then Prince of Wales Duke of 
Cornewall and of Yorke and Earle of Chester, Sir John Daccombe knight 
sithence allso deceased, then Chauncellor of the Dutchie of lancaster, 
Thomas Murry Esquier since allso deceased, Secretary to the said 
Prince his highnes, Sir James ffullerton Knight, one of the gent' of his 
Ma'ties Bedchamber, then one of the gentlemen of his Bedchamber, 
beinge Prince, and then his highnes Surveyor gen'all, Sir John Walter 
Knight late cheiffe Baron of his Ma'ties Co'rt of Exchequer nowe allso 
deceased by the name of John Walter Esquier, Attorney gen'all to the 
said Prince, and Sir Thomas Trevor Knight, one of the Barons of his 
Ma'ties Co'rt of Exchequer, by the name of Thomas Trevor Esquier, 
Solicitor gen'all to the said Prince ot th'other parte. His said late 
Ma'tie of his speciall grace certeyne knowledge and meare moc'on, And 
att the request and by the no'iac'on of the said then most excellent 
Prince, and to and for th'onely use and benefitt of the said Prince fpifr 
demise gr'unte and to farme lett unto the said Sir ffrancis Bacon, Sir 
John Daccombe, Thomas Murrey, Sir James ffullerton, Sir John Walter, 
and Sir Thomas Trevor (emongest other thinges), All those his said late 
Ma'ties Lord'ps, Manno', fforrests, Parkes, Chases, Townes, Hamletts, 
ffarms, graunges, Rents, Revenues, ffarmes, ffee ffarmes, lands, Tenem'ts, 
Warrens and heredittam'ts of Alborne al's Auborne or Awburne or called 
Alborne or Awberne or Awburne Chase with theire rights members and 
appurten'nc's in the said County of Wiltes, parcell or reputed parcell 



272 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

of the lands and possessions of the Dutchie ot Lancaster, ((Rrcept as in 
and by the said Indenture is menc'oned to be excepted) @To holde the 
said Lord'ps, Manners, Chases, landes and p'misses, with th'appurten'nc's 
(except before excepted) unto the said Sir ffrancis Bacon [and others], 
theire executors administrators and assignes from the ffeast of St. 
Michaell Th'archangell last past unto the full ende arid tearme of ffowre- 
score and Nyneteene yeares from thenceforth next ensueinge, As by the 
same Indenture emongest div'se other thinges thearein conteyned more 
att lardge yt doth and may appear, 3Uti n>ljer?as the said Sir John 
Walter, Sir James ffullerton, and Sir Thomas Trevor, the survivinge 
lessees, by theire Indenture of Assignem't bearinge date the Twenteth 
day of June in the ffowrth yeare of the Reigne of our said Sou'eigne, lord 
Charles by vertue of his Ma'ties warrant of privye sealle to them in that 
behalf directed bearinge date the Thirteenth day of May last past before 
the date of the said Indenture of Assignem't, ^nte by the no'i'ac'on of 
the Maior and Co'i'alty and Cittizens of the Cyttie of london gr'unted 
bargained sold assigned and sett over unto William Williams, Robert 
Michell, Walter Marks, and Robert Marshe, Cittizens of london, 
emongest other things, All that the Mannor parcell of the possessions ot 
Edward Lord Clinton exchanged of Alborne al's Auborne with the rights 
members and appurten'nc's, in the said County of Wiltes, parcell or 
reputed parcell of the lands and possessions of the auncient Dutchie 
of Lancaster, and all and singuler Messuag's, ffarmes, howses, Edifices, 
buildings, Orchardes, gardens, landes, Tenem't, meadowes, feedings, 
pastures, woodes, underwoods, Com'ons, profitts, Comodittyes and 
appurten'nc's whatsoever to the said Mannor of Alborne al's Awberne 
belonginge or apperteyninge, (Crcept the Chase theare called Alborne 
Chase with the lyb'tyes and priviledges theareto belonginge, And except 
all other things which by the said Indenture are excepted 9Ca Ijoibe 
the said Mannor of Alborne al's Awborne, landes and p'misses, with 
the appurten'nc's, (except before excepted), unto the said Williams, 
Michell, Marks, and Marshe, theire executors, &c., duringe the residewe 
ot the said tearme of ffowerscore and Nynteene yeares gr'unted by his 
said late Ma'tie and then unexpired, ffor and under the yearly Rent of 
One hundred thirty five pownds ffyfteene shillings and a halie penny of 
lawfull mony of England, payeable to the handes of his Ma'ties receiver 
generall of that revenue, which he had when he was Prince of Wales, or 
to the hands of the receiver of the County, in wich the p'misses doe lye 
for the tyme beinge. Att the ffeasts of St. Michaell T'archangell and the 
Annu'ciac'on of our blessed lady St. Mary the virgin by equall porc'ons, 
And under such Coven'nts excepc'ons and agream'ts as are conteyned in 
the recited Indenture, which on the said Assignees parte ought to be 
performed, As by the same Indenture emongest other things thearein 
conteyned more playnly yt doth appeare. And wheareas allso the said 
Williams, Michell, Marks, and Marshe, by theire Indenture bearinge date 
the first day of July in the Seaventh yeare of the Kings Ma'ties Reigne, 
that nowe is made betwene them of th'one party, and the said Hugh 
Hawkins, and Anthony Martyn of th'other parte, for the Considerac'on 
thearein menc'oned by the nominac'on of the said Edward Martyn 



Deed Relating to the Manor of Aldbourne. 273 



fully gr'unte, bargaine, sell, assigne, and sett over, unto the said Hawkins 
and Martyn, All those parcells of land, meadovve, and pasture, lyeinge in 
Snapp and Upham, [co. Wilts] conteyninge Twoe Carucates or plough 
landes of lande, called Heydon, And all those Six acres and a halfe of 
meadovve, called Milne Meade lyeinge att Wanborough, in the said 
County, with th'appurten'nc's And also all those Twoe yard lands of 
Custumary landes lyeinge in Upham, called Pratts and Rounts, which 
p'misses then or late weare parcell of the said Mannor of Alborne, And 
all and singuler theire howses, edific's, buildings, landes, Tenem'ts, 
woods, underwoode, grownde and soile, Com'ons, wayes, waters, 
proffytts, Com'odities, heredittam'ts, and appurten'nc's, whatsoever to 
the said landes and p'misses belonginge or apperteyninge, or as parte 
parcell or member of the same p'misses att any tyme hearetotore taken, 
reputed, knowen, used, letten, or e'ioyed, soe fully freely and clearely, 
and in as lardge and ample maner and forme, to all intents and purposes, 
as the said Williams, Michell, Marks, and Marshe, or any of them, by 
force of th'above recy ted Indenture or Assignem't to them made of the 
said Mannor of Alborne with th'appurten'nc's emongest other things as 
aforesaid can or may graunte and assigne over the same lands and 
p'misses, And all th'estates, rights, tytles, interests, tearme of yeares 
then to come, Rev'c'on and Rev'c'ons, claymes and demaundes whatso- 
ever of them the said Williams [and others] and ev'y of them of in and 
to the said landes and p'misses, with th'appurten'nc's and ev'y parte and 
parcell theareof OBtfcept as by the said deed is menc'oned to be excepted 
ST/cr ijcme tjoifce ant* etttoue the said lands and other the p'misses 
with theire appurten'nc's (except before excepted) unto the said Hugh 
Hawkins, and Anthony Martyn, theire executors &c. from the day of the 
date of the said deed, duringe the residewe then unexpired of the said 
tearme of ffowerscore and Nynteene yeares, gr'unted by the said Inden- 
ture of lease first above menc'oned. tJlouJe Ujis |(ttt>etwve further 
witnesseth, That the said Hugh Hawkins, and Anthony Martyn, for and 
In considerac'on of the some of ffive hundred powndes of good and 
lawfull mony of England, to the said Edward Martyn, by Edward 
Goddard of Upham, co. Wiltes Esquier, in hand paied, wheareof he 
the said Edward Martyn doth acknowledge the receipt, and for div'se 
other considerac'ons theire especially moveinge &ave by the direcc'on 
and appointm't of the said Edward Martyn, bargained, sold, assigned, 
sett over, And by these p'sents doe fully freely and absolutely bargaine, 
sell, assigne, and sett over, unto the said John Doyley, Richard Goddard, 
aud Henry Gearinge, All and singuler the p'misses with theire appur- 
ten'nc's in and by the last recyted deed menc'oned or intended to be 
gr'unted as aforesaid, Togeather with the said last recyted deed of 
Assignem't 3lnb allso all th'estate, right, tytle, interest, tearme of yeares 
yet to come, clayme and demaunde, whatsoever of them the said Hugh 
Hawkins, and Anthony Martyn, of in and to the same p'misses and ev'y 
parte and parcell theareof rcept as is therein menc'oned to be 
excepted. tfru ljcttc anfc to tjolbe All and singuler the said p'misses 
with theire appurten'nc's, d^vceyt thearein excepted, Togeather with 

U 



274 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



the said deed of Assignem't 3lni all th'estate, right, tytle, interest, 
tearme of yeares, clayme and demaund, whatsoever of them the said 
Hawkyns and Martyn, of in and to the said p'misses with theire appur- 
ten'nc's, and ev'y parte and parcell theareof, unto the said John Doyley, 
Richard Goddard, and Henry Gearinge, theire executors &c. duringe the 
residewe ot the said tearme yet unexpired 3Utt> the said Edward 
Goddard, for himselfe his executors &c. doth coven'nte and gr'unte to 
and with the said Hugh Hawkins, and Anthony Martyn, and theire 
executors, by these p'sents, That he the said Edward Goddard, his 
executors &c. shall from tyme to tyme duringe the said tearme yeild, 
doe, pay and performe, the Duties, Rents, Coven'nts, and agreem'nts, 
which on the parte and behalfe of the said Hugh Hawkins, and Anthony 
Martyn, theire executors &c. are or ought to be yeilded don payed and 
performed, And theareof shall acquite, exon'ate, and dischardge the said 
Hugh and Anthony, theire executors &c. and ev'y of theire landes and 
Tenem'ts, goods and Chattells. 3V*tb the said Edward Martyn, tor 
himselfe, his heyres executors &c., doth Coven'nte and gr'unte to and 
with the said Edward Goddard and his executors, by these p'sents, 
That yt shall be lawfull for the said Edward Goddard and his executors, 
or the said John Doyley/ Richard Goddard, and Henry Gearinge, and 
theire executors, from tyme to tyme hereafter duringe the residewe oi 
the said tearme yt unexpired, peaceably and quietly to have, hold, occupie, 
possesse and enioy, All and singuler the p'misses in and by the last 
recyted deed ot Assignem't menc'oned to be gr'unted and ev'y parte 
theareof with th'appurten'nc's CBrcept as is thearein menc'oned to be 
excepted), without the lett, trouble, hindrance, molestac'on or denial!, of 
the said Edward Martyn, his executors, &c., and of the said Hugh Hawkins, 
and Anthony Martyn, and theire, and eyther of theire executors, And 
of all and ev'y other person and persons clayminge in by from or under 
them or any of them theire or any of theire tytle assent meanes or 
procurem't, gn nitne wljmveof the partyes aforesaid to these p'sent 
Indentures Interchandgably have sett theire handes and sealles, Dated 
the day and year first above written. 




Seal A wheatsheaf in an oval. 



Seal On a chevron between three 
saltires, as many roundels (?) 



Oram's Grave. 275 



Sealled and deliv'ed by the within named Edward Martyn in the 
p'sence of 

HENRY DAVISON p. Jo. STRATTON. 

GABRIELL MARTYN p. Jo. SLADE. 
WILLIAM JONES 

Sealed and delivered by the within named Hugh Hawkins In the 
presence of 

THOMAS MARTYN. 
SAMUELL BRUNSELL. 

Indorsed: "Assignement from Hugh Hawkins to Doyley et al : 10 
May, 10 Caroli i." 



ORAM'S GRAVE (CHITTERNE ST. MARY). 



At the intersection of the old track from Salisbury to 
Warminster across the Downs, with that from Maddington 
to Codford St. Mary, on the boundary line of Maddington and 
Chitterne St. Mary, is a barrow marked " Oram's Grave " on 
the Ordnance 6in. Map. The Bishop, on his visit to us 
(23 March 1893), pointed out this name to me, of which I was 
previously ignorant, and suggested that it was the corruption 
of some British or Saxon name, which I doubted. Afterwards, 
on looking at the map, it occurred to me that as the grave was 
situated at the cross roads, Oram was probably the name of a 
suicide, buried .there according to the old custom and law. 

A conversation with widow Sarah Cook (aged 81) on 28 
March 1893, proved that this was the case. She told me that 
in 1849 she and her husband were living in one of the Mad- 
dington Manor Down Barn Cottages, and in the other the 
shepherd lived, James White and his wife Elizabeth (formerly 
Windsor), a very good woman, aged 61, both of Chitterne. 
Elizabeth White told Sarah Cook that when she was a child 
she was coming home with her father from Salisbury (or 
elsewhere) and when they were near the crossways by the 

Clump, they saw many people coming from Chitterne to bury 

u 2 



276 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Oram in the barrow there, for he had hung himself with his 
own rope, and was to be buried there. Her father told her 
that " her maunt be vraughten at what she saw for they 
wouldn't hurt she", and so she saw Oram buried. She did 
not tell Sarah Cook whether his body was in a coffin or not, 
but Sarah Cook thinks there, was a coffin ; certainly there was 
no parson and no service. The barrow has ever afterwards 
been called "Gram's Grave", and the name is now perpetuated 
in the Ordnance Survey. 

8 May 1893. The Rev. A. C. Pinhorn, Vicar of Chitterne, 
told me the circumstances of Gram's burial are forgotten in 
Chitterne, except that the cause of his suicide was disappoint- 
ment in love, and that a stake was driven through the body, 
which I think proves that though he may have been carried 
to the grave in a coffin, he was not buried in one. There is 
no record of the funeral in the Register, nor any charge for it 
in the parish accounts. 

FREDK. BENNETT. 



A WILTSHIRE WIZARD. 



So far we have the authority of the renowned and famous 
Mr. Baxter, who makes this knocking of the spirit at the bed's- 
head, though what we commonly call frivolous, an important 
errand. Another relation of this kind was sent to Mr. John 
Beaumont, whom I myself personally know, and which he has 
inserted in his account of Genii, or Familiar Spirits, in a letter 
by an ingenious and learned clergyman of Wiltshire, who 
had given him the relation likewise before, by word of mouth. 
It is as follows : 

Near eighty years since, in the parish of Wilcot, which is by Devizes, 
in the vicar's house, there was heard for a considerable time the sound 
of a bell constantly tolling every night. The occasion was this : A 



Collapse of the Spinning Industry in Wiltshire. 277 

debauched person who lived in the parish came one night very late and 
demanded the keys of the church of the vicar, that he might ring a peal, 
which the vicar refused to let him have, alleging the unseasonableness 
ot the time, and that he should, by granting his desires, give a disturb- 
ance to Sir George Wroughton and his family, whose house adjoined to 
the churchyard. Upon this relusal, the fellow went away in a rage, 
threatening to be revenged of the vicar, and going some time after to 
Devizes, met with one Cantle or Cantlow, a person noted in those days 
for a wizard, and he tells him how the vicar had served him, and begs 
his help to be even with him. The reply Cantle made him was this . 
Does he not love ringing? he shall have enough of it : and from that 
time a bell began to toll in his house, and continued so to do till Cantle's 
death, who confessed at Fisherton gaol, in Sarum, where he was con- 
fined by King James during his life, that he caused that sound, and 
that it should be heard in that place during his life. 

The thing was so notorious that persons came from all parts to hear 
it ; and King James sent a gentleman from London on purpose to give 
him satisfaction concerning the truth of the report. Mr. Beaumont had 
likewise this story, as he tells, from the mouth of Sir George Wrough- 
ton's own son ; with this remarkable circumstance, that if any in the 
house put their heads out of the window they could not hear the sound, 
but heard it immediately again as soon as they stood in the room. The 
reader here sees that good and bad genii exercise themselves upon very 
little functions, knocking at bed's-heads, and ringing of bells. For 
proof of this we have the testimonies ot two divines, of a man ot 
quality and probity and the same satisfaction that a learned king had, 
who sent to enquire into the matter, and after this there can be, I think, 
no room for doubt. 

The above is taken from the Life and Adventures of Mr. 
Duncan Campbell, published by Thomas Tegg, 43 Cheapside, 
London, in 1841. Pages 83, 84 and 85. 

W. CHITTY. 



The Collapse of the Spinning Industry in Wiltshire 
Villages. Among papers in the keeping of the Vicar of 
Winterbourne Stoke, Wilts, is a printed report or appeal, 



278 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

dated Dec. 1826, from the " London Committee for the Relief 
of Distressed Manufacturers," sent " to the Resident Clergy- 
man," and franked by " F. Freeling." The extracts from 
reports from Lancashire and Yorkshire describe a pitiable 
state of utter destitution, the weaving industry having ap- 
parently been at a standstill during the whole of 1826. The 
wool-workers in the south were in no better case, as this ex- 
tract shows : " Uley, Gloucestershire, Dec. 8, 1826. * * The 
landed property and houses in the Parish are burdened with 
poor's rates in a proportion by the year amounting to 155. in 
the pound on a valuation of the parish made in the year 1822." 
The following local names appear in a " List of places and 
sums remitted between 3rd May and 2ist Dec. 1826 " : Bisley, 
Glos. ; Bradford and Townships, Wilts ; Charterhouse Hinton, 
Bath ; Dursley, Glos. ; Uley, Glos. ; Heytesbury, Horningsham, 
Hilperton, Melksham, North Bradley, Trowbridge and Town- 
ships, and Westbury, in Wilts ; Frome, Freshford, Nunney, 
Roeberrow, Road and Taunton, in Somerset. The old spinning 
industry in villages on Salisbury Plain came to nothing before 

1800. 

C. V. G. 



Roman Remains Found in Making the Amesbury Light 
Railway. Three Roman, or Romano-British vases of reddish 
ware, together with iron nails and a curved iron blade of some 
sort, have lately been found near the proposed Ameshury 
station. Also close to the edge of the valley bank several 
skeletons, well-preserved, and near them a horse's skeleton 
with two iron shoes of different shapes. Two of the 
vases were whole and have been taken home by the 

Contractor. 

C. V. G. 



Filling up of a British Ditch. 279 

Filling up of a British Ditch. The proprietor of the 
Druid's Head racing stables has filled in three crossings for 
gallops in the big ditch on Winterbourne Stoke down between 
two British villages. In the silting, which varied from 18 to 
46 inches deep, were found fragments of blue Delft ware, 
ivory handled table knives (old round shape of handle), some 
bones (not identified), and fragments of a clasp-knife, and 
gimlet all pointing apparently to a former filling in with 
domestic rubbish. Unfortunately no competent person saw 
the sections of silting when excavated. The ditch must be well 
known to persons going to Stonehenge from Shrewton, as it 
runs away from the road southward over the steep down, in 
the deep bottom, about half-a-mile from Rollestone. 

C. V. G. 



Finds at Yarnbury Castle. In digging a pond on the 
east of Yarnbury Castle a number of bones, said to have been 
human, were found last year. A handsome Roman vase, now 
in the County Museum, was found here at another pond on the 
west side. A burial urn was got out of a barrow near the 
" Bustard " (one of a group of three eastward) in levelling 
rabbit burrows ; unfortunately the pick broke it. The frag- 
ments found their way to Capt. Hawley at Figheldean. 

C. V. G. 



Stafford of Southwick. The pedigree contributed by 
Mr. W. H. H. Rogers in the March number states that the last 
male Stafford Sir Humphrey created Earl of Devon in 1469 



280 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

and beheaded in the same year, died s.p., while Mr. Kite's 
pedigree, printed in vol. ii, p. 257, shows that he left two 
daughters, both of whom died unmarried. The difference is 
not of any great importance, but as both these gentlemen have 
gone so fully into the history of the family and have given us 
so much valuable information on the subject, I think your 
readers would be further indebted to them if the point were 
cleared up if only to make the accounts correct in all their 
details. 

J. S. 



Thomas House. A relative of mine possesses an oil 
painting, being a portrait of a hale old gentleman, in the dress 
of the seventeenth century, bearing the following inscription : 
"Thomas House, of Westwood, aetat. 99 A.D. 1673." 

This painting has been in the possession of the Newmans 
of Castle Combe and their descendants for an unknown period. 
Is anything known respecting this individual, or is there any 
record of his death ? 

JOHN HARDING. 
Milford Grove, 

Salisbury. 



Henry drivers of Quemerford. He was M.P. for Calne, 
1689 to 1705. Was he the son of Seacole Chivers, who is said 
(Vis. Wilts., 1623) to have had in 1651 an only child, Elizabeth ? 
Whom did Henry Chivers marry ? When did he die ? 
When did the name cease at Quemerford ? It disappears 
from the Oxford Matriculation Registers after the first half 
of the 1 7th century. 

W. D. PINK. 
Lancashire. 



Alexander Chokke. 281 



Alexander Chokke. He was M.P. for Westbury, 1605, 
until his death in 1609. Another Alexander Chokke was M.P. 
for Ludgershall, 1621-22. Any information as to these will 
oblige. What was their precise connexion with Chokkes or 
Chocks, of Somerset ? 

W. D. PINK. 



Thomas Longe. Are any descendants known of Thomas 
Longe, of Trowbridge, to whom arms were granted in 1561, 
and whose grandson William was living at Stratton in Somer- 
setshire in 1623, having then two sons and five daughters? 

Q. 



fte plies. 



Quaker Dates (vol. iii, p. 138). In reply to "K., North- 
ampton", who seeks enlightenment on this subject, I may 
say that I have in my possession one of the original printed 
notices on the subject of the rectification of the Calendar, 
addressed "To the Quarterly and Monthly Meetings o/Friends 
in Great Britain, Ireland and America", by the "Meeting 
for Sufferings" held in London in Seventh Month, 1751. 
It was decided by the Yearly Meeting of that year "That 
in all the Records and Writings of Friends, from and after 
the last Day of the Tenth Month, called December, next [,] 
the Computation of Time established by the said ACT, 
should be observed; and that accordingly the first Day of 
the Eleventh Month, commonly called January, next, shall 
be reckoned and deemed, by Friends, the first Day of the 
first Month of the year 1752." Then follows a table shew- 
ing the new designation of each month, e.g., the eleventh 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



month called January "shall be reckoned and stiled" the 
first Month and as a consequence the twelfth month called 
February becomes the second, the first month called March 
becomes the third, etc. 

With regard to the double-date, as the months of 
January, February and March (to use their " Heathenish 
names") could alone have this, or, to be more correct 
January i to March 24, so, in Quaker parlance, eleventh, 
twelfth and first months were in a similar position as alone 
correctly having the two-year date, but I do not find that 
the Friends were very clever dataries, for frequently the 
double-date is omitted, with the consequent doubt as to 
which year is intended, while at times it appears attached 
to tenth and second months, and even to sixth and 
eighth ! 

It does not appear as though any notice was taken of 
the commencement of the Legal Year on March 25, for the 
whole ot that month is given as first month, that is, in- 
cluding the 25th to the 3ist and I find even such dates 
as 1745/6-1-26. It seems as though "K." has pointed out 
a weakness in the generally very exact records of the Society 
of Friends, but possibly further research may throw more 
light on the question. I am looking for documents instituting 
the nomenclature of the months, cancelled in 1752. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Tottenham, Middx. 



Sir William Courtenay, Bart., of Newhouse, Wilts 

(vol. iii, p. 235). Mr. Browning may be able to find some- 
thing about him in the ist vol. of The Complete Baronetage, by 
G. E. C., just issued to the subscribers. 

IBEX. 



William Leach. 



283 



William Leach (vol. ii, pp. 482, 538). We are indebted to 
Messrs. Anstie for the loan of the accompanying block, repre- 
senting the trade label of " B. W. Anstie, snuff maker and 

tobacconist, Devizes, 1789." It is 
reproduced from a probably 
unique copy in the Banks Col- 
lection, British Museum; and, in 
addition to the trade label of 
"William Leach and Co., snuff 
makers at the Windmill in 
Devizes, Wilts," already repro- 
duced in Wiltshire N. &> O., vol. 
ii, p. 483, is interesting as a 
further illustration of the early 
history of snuff manufacture in 
Devizes. 

Mr. Benjamin Webb Anstie, 
as previously mentioned (vol. ii, 
P- 539) fi rst became partner 
with his father and elder brother in 1776. The father died in 
1779, an d in 1784 the brothers dissolved partnership, the 
business of snuff maker and tobacconist being continued by 
Benjamin Webb, the younger of the two, until 1810; when the 
title of the firm became " Benjamin Webb Anstie and Sons." 

Whistley Mill, where for many years the snuff grinding 
was carried on, is apparently the building represented on the 
trade label. The miller is seen bringing out bags, one of them 
on his back being labelled " SNUFF." To one of the snuff 
millers at Whistley belongs the following anecdote, which may 
be worth recording here. He lived in Devizes, and on return- 
ing home, one summer's evening, across the fields, by a still well- 
known footpath, he found himself suddenly confronted by a 
vicious bull, which had been turned out during the day. The 
animal proceeded to make a charge, and the miller, having no 
stick, suddenly bethought himself of another expedient. He 
snatched off his wig, which was saturated with snuff, and threw 




284 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

it straight at the bull's eyes. The miller's hastily extemporised 
method of defence proved to be a perfect success ; for the 
animal, blinded with plain Scotch, rushed wildly about the field ; 
whilst the miller secured his wig and quietly resumed his 
journey towards Devizes. 

It is believed that Calstone Mill was, about the year 1777, 
used for awhile by Messrs. Anstie as a snuff mill, but no papers 
in proof of this seem to be at present in possession of the firm. 
Poulshot Mill is also traditionally said to have been once used 
for grinding snuff. 

AQUTLA. 



Heralds' Visitations (vol. iii, p. 141). " How is it so few 
of the higher nobility are recorded ? " i.e. at the Visitations. 

The answer is simple, viz., that the deputies of the Kings 
of Arms (Clarenceux south and Norroy north of the Trent) were 
only instructed to summon the lesser nobility, such as baronets, 
knights, and gentlemen. 

Q. 



James Long (vol. iii, p. 182). The following question 
has been asked " From the crest which crowns the Monu- 
ment, Mr. James Long appears to have been a member of 
the ancient Wiltshire family of that name. To which branch 
did he belong ?" I presume the family meant is that of 
Wraxall and Draycott. The crest on the Monument may 
be meant for that of the former, but the last known male 
descendant of that branch died in 1731, the Draycott branch 
(the only other one known) continuing till 1805, when the 
family became extinct. Mr. James Long, cannot, therefore, 
have belonged to the former branch, and it seems unlikely 



Etchilhampton Monument. 285 

that he could have been of the latter, as the pedigree is 
well-known. Perhaps the parish register might throw some 
light on his parentage. In any case, the crest, whatever 
it may be meant for, is valueless as evidence of descent. 

Q. 



Etchilhampton Monument (vol. iii, pp. 181-2). I should 
like to place on record that the writer of the inscription 
on the Monument on Etchilhampton hill which is as follows : 

Qui coluere coluntur 
An : Dom: 1771. 
This Monument 

from a general Sense of Gratitude 
was erected to the Memory of 

JAMES LONG 

Late of Wedhampton, Esq. 

whose publick Spirit and Benevolence 

which he ever exercised for the service 

of Mankind, were remarkably exerted 

in planning, promoting & compleating 

this new Road 

An: Dom : 1768 

By which 

A former tedious and dangerous way 
over the adjacent Hill 

is avoided 

To the great Pleasure 

and Convenience of Travellers 

In Recto Decus. 

On another side is inscribed : 

By Permission of 

MICHAEL TICHBOURNE, 

Esq. 

was the Rev. Charles Gibbes, B.A. (died Nov. 1794), 
Rector of Chitterne All Saints and Chitterne St. Mary, but a 
resident in the parish of Urchfont, where, in conjunction with 
the Rev. Mr. Jaques, his brother-in-law, he conducted a school 
for the sons of neighbouring gentry. This information I had 



286 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

some years ago from my cousin, the late Rev. Heneage 
Gibbes, M.B., at one time Incumbent of All Saints, Sidmouth, 
great grandson of the aforesaid Rev. Charles Gibbes, and 
grandson of the latter's only child, Rev. George Gibbes, D.D., 
Rector of Woodborough, whose only son, my informant's 
father, was Sir George Smith Gibbes, knt., M.D., F.R.S., &c., 
of Bath. 

C. H. MAYO. 



The Missing Register of Addison's Baptism: Where 

is it? (vol. iii, pp. 42-3, 140, 186-8, 236-240). The paper of 
Mr. Kite, in the last number of W. N. & Q. deserves respectful 
consideration, and I should like to make an addition to, and an 
observation on it. The addition is to the list of the rectors ol 
Milston. Lancelot Addison was first rector in 1660. The 
transcript, in the Diocesan register, contains under that date 
" Jane the daughter of Lancelot [sic] Addison, rector, baptised 
23 of April, 1660." Addison signs, and Roger Pinckney, John 
Millip, attest. 

In the same year was another rector, William Bean, 
whose tenure must have been very brief. On his cession came 
Robert Harris. On the floor in the chancel is a stone in- 
scribed " Here lyeth the Body of Robert Harris, Rector of 
this place, who dyed 4th of November, 1662." 

Mr. Kite, after referring to a statement of mine, says that 
the Rev. R. Webb " must certainly have been in possession of 
the volume dating from 165310 1703, which should have con- 
tained the entry of 1672, or he could not have shewn it to any 
other person." But Mr. Webb never complained of losing a 
volume. Moreover, when I succeeded Mr. Webb at Durring- 
ton, and very early enquired about Joseph Addison's baptism, 
I was at once shewn the old Milston Register, beginning 1540, 



The Missing Register of Addisoris Baptism. 287 

as that which had contained it, and from which it had been 
abstracted. That half a century was missing, and that it 
implied abstraction of three sections (for baptisms, marriages 
and burials were not intermixed) seemed never to have been 
observed. Two things contributed to the error. L. Addison 
had noted in it the birth of a daughter, and a collection made 
for the redemption of the English that are captives in Barbary, 
Oct. 30, 1671. This is one; the other was the very imperfect 
condition of the registers in the i8th century. There was no 
marriage register to be found from 1734 to 1813. To my mind 
there is nothing strange in any loss of Registers before Dr. 
Toogood's time. Mr. Edward Polhill was at Milston 40 years, 
" what manner of man he was the day of judgment will 
declare " was placed on his tombstone. The only record of 
baptisms and burials in his time is stated on the cover not 
to be a register. " This was designed for an Account Book 
and not a Parish Register." It begins " Milston and Brig- 
miston Rectory, Wilts. An account of Burials from June ist, 
1760, that is to say from the time that Edward Polhill first 
entered on the Cure of ye said Parish." The latter half of the 
book contains "An account of Baptisms from ist June, 1760." 
There could have been no other register of Baptisms and 
Burials found when Mr. Polhill died, because the same book 
was used by Dr. Toogood's curates till the law required new 
registers in 1813. But the Marriage Register under Lord 
Hardwicke's Act has disappeared. It is not improbable that a 
Bowles may have borrowed and never returned it. In extenua- 
tion it may be said that Mr. Wm. Bowles was a banker at 
Salisbury, and his security would be supposed to be good ; but 
he and his partner failed. Heale, Milston, and all his property 
was sold, and in the chaos, certain things may have dis- 
appeared. This was in 1813. 

Dr. Toogood did not reside at Milston till 1816. He was 
rector of a parish in Somerset until then, but in 1816, having 
been appointed to Broad Hinton, he made an arrangement 
by which the incumbent of Durrington, who was also resident 



288 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

curate of Milston, and he exchanged places my predecessor 
going to Hinton. 

I think that credence is to be given to Dr. Toogood's 
statement in its entirety ; and as shewn above, " the other 
Registers," vaguely referred to, were missing when he came to 
Milston. 

C. S. RUDDLE. 



John Clare, S. J. (vol. iii, p. 235). He probably belonged 
to a South Wilts family of this name one of whom Robert 
Clare alias Dominick was, about the year 1638, tenant of 
Chicklade Farm, near Hindon rented at that time of the 
Bennett family. 

In 1698, William Clare, of Heytesbury, gent, purchased 
lands at Upton Lovel, and from him, I believe, descended 
William Clare, of Devizes, surgeon, and for 50 years one of 
the Coroners for this County. He died in 1829, aged 82. See 
monumental tablet in St. James' Church, Devizes. His late 
residence, No. 23, Market Place, still retains the figure of 
^Esculapius in a recess over the doorway. 

WILTONIENSIS. 



Cljurrlj of . 4Eary antr flUUorus, ^nwsburg. 



GROUND PLAN, 

showing arrangement 

of grave stones, with 

stone coffins and slabs 

uncovered in 1853. 



E. Nave. 

F. South Aisle. 

G. Porch (now gone). 

[To these portions, 
which seem to have 
served during the 
Middle Ages as the 
Parish Church, the 
Monastic Church be- 
came annexed soon 
after the Dissolution. 
Part of the nave is of 
early Norman date. 
This was apparently 
re-modelled, and an 
aisle added, in the 
1 5th century.] 



A. Chancel. 

B. Tower. 

C. C. Transepts. 

D. Chapel. 

[This part of the 
building dates from 
the early part of the 
I3th century, and is 
believed to have 
formed the Monastic 
Church until the Dis- 
solution, in 1539.] 




SCALE, 30 Feet to an Inch. 



REFERENCES. 



a. Recess with canopy. 

b b. Doorways, now closed up. 

c. Recess in outer wall, ap- 

parently an aumbry. 

d. Double piscina. 

e e. Arches in east walls of tran- 
septs, now blocked up. 

f. Low arch, blocked up. 

g. Doorway leading into cloister. 



h. Piscina. 

i. Doorway, blocked up. 
k. Jamb of Norman doorway 

[entrance to cloister ?] 
/. Remains of Holy water 

stoup. 
m. Oak screen [i5th century] 

removed in 1853. 



GRAVESTONES, &c. 



1. George Cuthbert. 18. 

2. Jane Stokes. 20. 

3. Rev. Thomas Holland. 22. 

4. William Rigdon, gent. 19. 

5. William Cousins. 21. 

6. Henry Cox, gent. 23. 

7. Henry Cox, gent. 24. 

8. Mary Keene. 25. 

9. Rev. Thomas Neale. 26. 
10. John Cousins. 27. 
n. Rev. Henry Head. 28. 

12. Giles Sadler, gent. 29. 

13. Entrance to vault. 30. 

14. Mary Head. 31. 

15. Rev. Richard Head. 32. 

1 6. Brassless slab of Purbeck 33. 

marble. 34. 

17. Edith Matyn (brass plate) 35. 

36. 



I Inscriptions worn out. 

Vault. 

Eugenia Nugent. 
) Coffin slabs of Purbeck 
J marble. 

I Inscriptions worn out. 

Incised slab. 
Plain slabs. 

Eleanor Stallord. 
William Stallord. 
Purbeck marble slab. 

Stone coffins and lids. 
Stone coffin. 



IBtltstnre Jlotes atiti (Euertes. 

SEPTEMBER, 1900. 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF 
SOME DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 

(Continued from p. 




a 

LL monastic property surrendered to the King came, 
as a matter of course, into the Court of Augmenta- 
tions, which had been newly called into existence 
to deal with its revenues ; and from a very full 
survey among the documents of this Court, now 
preserved in the Public Record Office, 1 we are 
enabled to glean a little more about the doings of the Royal 
Commissioners, and what took place at Amesbury immediately 
after the suppression. 

The yearly revenues of the Monastery, spiritual and 
temporal, according to the valuation given by Speed, produced 
at this time a gross sum of ^'558 IDS. 2d., from which certain 



1 Exchequer Augmentation Office. Miscellaneous Books, vol. 494, ff. 
31-36. 

X 



290 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

fees, annuities, pensions, and corrodies, 1 granted to divers 
persons by letters patent of the House, amounting to 
^59 i2S., had to be deducted, which gives a net sum not far 
from Dugdale's estimate, viz., ^495 155. id? Out of this 
the thirty-four " late religious women of the Monastery " 
were allotted pensions for life. Joan Darell (late Prioress), 
^100 ; Joan Horner (sometime High Prioress), Cristian 
Iddersley (late Prioress of the Cloister), and Margaret Beche, 3 
(one of the nuns), 6 135. ^d. each; Edith Curtens (late 
Sub-prioress), and four nuns, 6 ; ten other nuns, ^5 ; and 
the remaining fifteen ^4 each ; amounting in all to ^260 per 
annum ; and leaving, on this portion of the Commissioners' 
account, an almost equal balance to the use of the Crown. 

From the same Survey it appears that the ornaments, 
goods, and chattels, belonging to the Monastery, were sold at 
once by the Commissioners, and produced ,147 55. zd. With 
this money in hand they proceeded to " dispatch " the in- 
mates of the House, distributing amongst the thirty-four " late 
religious" the sum of ^74 135. 4^., by way of gratuity "of 



1 A Corrody is described by Cowel (Lam. Diet.) as " a sum of money, or 
allowance of meat, drink, and clothing, due to the King from an Abbey, or 
other house of religion, whereof he is the founder, towards the reasonable 
sustenance of such a one of his servants, being put to his pension, as he 
thinketh good to bestow it on." The question of corrodies became of very 
general interest on the dissolution of religious houses, and the 34-35 
Hen. VIII, cap. 19, provides for " pensions, portions, corrodies, indemnities, 
sinodies, and proxies." On the dissolution of Malmesbury Abbey Sir Henry 
Long, the then owner of the Wraxhall and Draycote estates, claimed for him- 
self and his heirs, a. corrody of seven white loaves and seven conventual 
flagons of beer, to be allowed weekly out of the Abbey. 

2 In the money of those days, which would equal perhaps nearly or 
quite as many thousands at the present time ; but the returns then made of 
Abbey lands were notoriously under the mark, being made by the stewards, 
who wished to be, and in many instances became, the principal purchasers. 
The income of Amesbury Monastery was, at this time, exceeded only by two 
other Houses in Wiltshire the great Abbeys of Malmesbury and Wilton. 

3 Among the list of names we find also those of Alleyne, Bulkeley, Eyre, 
Fettiplace, Gifford, Goddard, Hunton, and other families either belonging to, 
or connected with Wiltshire. 



Notes^on Amesbury Monastery. 291 

the King's Majesty's reward"; and a further sum of ^31 8s. ^d. 
to four priests, and twenty-three servants, for their wages and 
liveries. The Commissioners had arranged with the Prioress 
to receive and discharge the debts of the House, and on this 
account ,20 145. $d. owing to divers persons for victuals and 
other necessaries, was also disbursed ; leaving a balance to the 
King of ^20 195. 

The whole of the Monastic plate, weighing 659 ounces of 
silver, nearly half of which was either gilt, or parcel gilt, also 
fell into the hands of the Crown. 

The records and evidences of the House remained in the 
Treasury there, safely to be kept to the use of the King ; the 
keys whereof were delivered to the charge and custody of 
Richard Paulett, esq., receiver. 1 

From the same Survey we also learn that the habitable 
portion of the Monastic buildings, assigned to remain unde- 
faced, were the Lodging called the late Priory Lodging, the 
Hall, Buttery, Pantry, Kitchen, and Gatehouse as it was 
enclosed within one quadrant unto the Convent Kitchen, the 
Long Stable with the Hay Barn adjoining, the Wheat Barn, 
the Baking-house, and the Gate with the Gatehouse in the 
Base Court. 2 

The buildings deemed to be superfluous were the Church, 
Cloister, Fratry [or Refectory], Dormitory, and Chapterhouse, 
the Convent Kitchen, with all the houses adjoining to the same, 
the Old Infirmary with the Chapel, Cloister, and Lodgings 
adjoining, the Sextry, with houses joining the same, the 
Steward's, Receiver's, Auditor's, and Priests' lodgings, and all 
other houses in the Base Court not above reserved. 

The weight of the lead remaining upon the Church, Quire, 
Aisles, Steeple, Chapels, Vestry, Cloisters, Fratry, Hall and 



1 If these records and evidences had come into the hands of the Crown 
they would probably be found in the Public Record Office, but no Chartulary 
of Atnesbury is known to exist, and it is to be feared that many of the 
other monastic documents here must also have perished. 

2 The outer yard appropriated to stables, offices, &c. 

X 2 



292 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Chambers, with the gutters belonging to the same, was esti- 
mated at 230 fothers ; and that of the four bells in the steeple 
at 14 hundred weight. 1 

Thus far the survey made for the Court of Augmentation. 
The Ministers' Accounts, 32 Henry VIII [1540-1], also pre- 
served among the Public Records, contain a list of the posses- 
sions of Amesbury Monastery, with their value, during the 
short time which they remained in the hands of the Crown. 
But the sites of the dissolved monasteries, with their estates, 
were soon granted one by one, either altogether or piecemeal, 
to courtiers or speculators ; and Amesbury, with much other 
monastic property, came to the share of an individual destined 
to become a great historical personage of his day the King's 
own brother-in-law Sir Edward Seymour, successively Earl 
of Hertford, Duke of Somerset, and Lord Protector of England. 

The marriage of Henry VIII with his Wiltshire queen, 
Jane, daughter of Sir John Seymour, of Wolfhall, took place 
in 1536. With this introduction at Court, and the Seymour 
family then enjoying the full tide of royal favour, it is not 
surprising that her elder brother, Sir Edward, became a 
recipient of liberal grants from the King, of lands which were 
then falling into the Royal hands, on the dissolution of 
monasteries. In the year of his sister's marriage Sir Edward 
became owner of two Wiltshire Houses, viz., Monkton Farley, 
a cell to the great Cluniac Priory of Lewes, in Sussex ; and 
Easton, near Pewsey, one of the few establishments (numbering 
twelve only throughout England) of the Maturins or Friars of 
the Holy Trinity. 2 Next year (1537) Maiden Bradley Priory 

1 The Inventories of Church goods, taken 1552, include these four bells, 
which were then remaining in Amesbury Church. 

8 The Seymour family, and their ancestors, the Esturmies of Wolfhall, 
had been patrons of Easton Priory, which they used as a burial-place ; Sir 
John Seymour, father of Queen Jane, was buried here in 1536, as was also a 
son of the same name, who died young, in 1510; but the Priory Church 
afterwards becoming ruinous during his minority, Edward, the next Earl of 
Hertford (son of the Protector) on succeeding to the estates, re-built Easton 
Church in 1591, having previously removed their bodies to Great Bedwyn, 
and re-interred them in the chancel of that church. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 293 

(originally founded as a Hospital for Lepers), also fell to his 
lot, and two years later, on the suppression of the greater 
monasteries, that of Amesbury likewise came into his hands. 

But this included only his Wiltshire share of the 
monastic spoil, for the same nobleman was also grantee of 
Muchelney, in Somersetshire; Ottery, in Devonshire; Wim- 
borne, in Dorsetshire ; Shene, in Surrey 1 ; Sion, in Middlesex ; 
and other religious houses, together with lands thereto be- 
longing. 

Although the actual grant of Amesbury from the Crown 
to the Earl of Hertford bears date 7 April 1541, he was 
probably in possession of the site soon after its surrender 
(sixteen months previously), for the survey above referred to 
states that the whole of the monastic buildings, whether 
" deemed superfluous " (i.e., sentenced to be destroyed), or not, 
were committed by the Royal Commissioners to the custody of 
John Barwick, " servant to the Earl of Hertford", and we find 
the Earl mentioned as owner 31 Henry VIII, i.e., before 22 
April 1540. 

Some very interesting papers relating to Amesbury 
Monastery, at this date, were found at Longleat, in 1866, by 
the late Canon Jackson, and printed in the Wilts Archaeological 
Magazine, vol. x, pp. 61-84. One of them, a survey of the 
lead on the roofs of the monastic buildings, will give some idea 
of their respective proportions. 

Content of the lead upon the late monastery of Amesbury, viewed 
by Christopher Dreye and George Hynde, plumbers, at the command- 
ment of Thomas Cumine, the King's Sergeant Plumber, 22 September, 
32 Hen. VIII (1540). 

1 The dissolved Priory of Carthusians at Sheen (founded by King 
Henry V in 1414) soon became a residence of the Earl, for in some 
Amesbury papers at Longleat, date 1541-2, we find: 

"For a basket of quynses [quinces] that MaisterThyn caused to be send 
[from Amesbury] to my Lord's place at Sheen." 

" Maister Thyn" afterwards Sir John Thynne, the builder of Longleat 
was secretary to the Earl. The Amesbury quinces must have been 
something special, for there is a further payment for "a horse load of quinces," 
also sent from thence to Sheen. 



294 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

THE CHURCH. A steep roof over the High Altar and Quire, 51 feet 
long and 24 feet in depth on either side. 

North Aisle [this apparently refers to the North Transept]. 
Steep roof 40 feet long, and 20 feet deep on each side. 

South Aisle [South Transept]. Steep roof 39 feet long, and 24 
feet deep on each side. 

Spire. Octagonal, 61 feet high, each of the sides 10 feet wide at 
bottom, 7 teet in the middle, and tapering to 6 inches at the top. 
[This spire would represent a tower at least 24 feet square]. 

Body of Church. Steep roof 120 feet long, and 24 feet on each 
side. 

Lady Chapel. Flat roof 32 feet long, by 13 feet on one side and 

12 on the other. 
St. John's Chapel. Flat roof, six times 10 feet square, and 50 

other feet. 

Vestry. Flat roof 22 feet long, and over 16 feet deep. 
The CLOISTER. Flat roof of four squares, each 104 feet long and 12 

feet deep. 
The DORMITORY. Flat roof 200 feet long, and in depth on either 

side 1 8 feet. 
The FRATRY, or REFECTORY. Flat roof 1 10 feet long, and on either 

side 15 feet. 

The JESSYE. 1 Flat roof no feet long, and on either side 16 feet. 
The HALL. Flat roof 70 feet long, and on either side 14 feet. 

[Little entry from Hall to Kitchen, with spiral staircase also 

mentioned.] 

KENT'S CHAMBER. Flat roof 65 feet long, and on either side 10 feet. 
The ABBESS' CHAMBER. Flat roof 24 feet long, and on either side 

14 feet. 
The OLD PARLOUR. Bastard roof 22 teet long, and on either side 

22 teet. 



1 " Mastris Wardour's chamber in the lower end of the Jesse," is also men- 
tioned in the Longleat papers. Margaret Wardour was a nun here at the 
dissolution of the Monastery. The Jessye at Amesbury (an apartment 110ft. 
by 30, of the same length and a little wider than the Refectory), perhaps 
derived its name from a representation, either in sculpture, or stained glass, 
of what is known as the Tree of Jesse a mediaeval representation of our 
Lord's genealogy under the semblance of a vine springing from a recumbent 
figure of Jesse ; spreading in luxuriant foliage, disposed so as to sustain 
and surround a long succession of royal personages, among which the kings 
David and Solomon, appear conspicuous ; and terminating with our Lord 
in the arms of his Mother, in glory and surrounded by angels. The effect 
of this as sometimes executed must have been remarkably striking. It was 
common, during the 13th and Hth centuries, in illuminations of manu- 
scripts, stained glass, sculpture, and embroidery. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 295 

JOAN HORNER'S CHAMBER [late Prioress]. The root crested with 

lead. 
The LEADEN CHAMBERS. A little chamber, the roof covered with 

lead. 

The weight of this lead was estimated by the King's 
plumbers at 230 fothers [218^ tons], nearly doubling in quan- 
tity that on the roofs of the great Abbey of Malmesbury. 
Lead being, at the time, a very marketable commodity, the 
Crown officers evidently knew well how to dispose of it to the 
best advantage, and it was sold separately by the Chancellor 
of the Court of Augmentation [Sir Richard Rich], to the Earl 
of Hertford, " ex recognif ejusdem CanceW coram Audit 1 " 
with the recognizance of the said Chancellor, before the 
Auditor. 

From another of the Longleat papers, relating to an 
exchange of lands between the King and the Earl of Hertford, 
we learn that the latter was to pay to the Crown, for the lead, 
and the woods of Amesbury, the sum of ^547 25. *]d. in 
hand ^100, at the next Christmas ^200, and the remaining 
balance of ^247 25. id. twelve months later. The King, on 
his part, was to discharge the Earl of all incumbrances, except 
leases ; and except also the yearly payment of ^8 for the 
salary of a Priest to serve the Cure of Amesbury, and 75. 6d. 
for synodals and procurations to the Archdeacon of Sarum. 

The monastic buildings were handed over by the Crown 
officers, apparently intact, to the custody of Mr. John Barwick, 
the steward for the Earl of Hertford's Wiltshire property, 
who then resided on one of his master's newly acquired 
estates the dissolved House of Trinitarian Friars, at Easton, 
near Pewsey, 1 and it appears to have been under Mr. Barwick's 



1 Mr. Barwick afterwards resided at Wilnot, the manor and advowson 
of which place (formerly part of the possessions of Bradenstoke Prioty) he 
purchased of William Alleyne, the grantee from the Crown at the dissolu- 
tion. His monument, with date 1574, still remains in the chancel of the parish 
church. Of his two daughters, the elder married into the ancient Wiltshire 
family of Wroughton, of Broad Hinton, and her portrait, which had passed 



296 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

direction that the spoliation which immediately followed the 
Earl of Hertford's ownership of Amesbury (of which the 
Longleat papers are at present the only evidence) was carried 
out. 

The lead was quickly stripped from the roofs, melted, and 
sold ; and in these accounts we find payments made by 
William Nottingham, an old Amesbury name, not without 
interest. In 1522 William Nottingham, " of the George", 1 
paid subsidy to the amount of 255. In 1527 he was amerced 
at sixty quarters of barley, which he paid, but stated that he 
must buy more, as he supplied my lady [Prioress] at Ames- 
bury with ale. The William Nottingham of 1541, in altered 
times, doubtless found a profit in the spoliation of the Monastery, 
whose maintenance must previously have been, either to 
himself or his ancestors, a considerable source of revenue. 

William Nottingham's payments for trying, melting, and casting 
the lead, 31 March, 32 Henry VIII [1541]. 

[This work occupied ten weeks. Seven men were paid at the 
rate of 6d. a day ; and a watchman, who sat up and watched the lead, 
received qd. a night. 

The church spire was destroyed in Easter week. The hire ot a 
horse from Amesbury to Easton, " to speak with Mr. Berwick about 
the pulling down of the steeple," cost $d. ; two line cords, to be used 
for the same purpose, i2d. ; and is. %d. was paid tor two pounds of 
gunpowder, bought at Salisbury, to " fire the great timber of the 
steeple." 

The items also include payments for charcoal, and an ox hide to 
make a pair of bellows.] 



by marriage from Wroughton to Montagu, hung for many years in the dining 
room at Stowell Lodge, and eventually came into possession of the late 
Admiral Montagu, of Seend. The pedigree and arms of Barwick Argent 
three bear's heads erased sable muzzled or will be found in the 
Visitation of Wilts, 1565. 

1 In 1542, during the spoliation of Amesbury Monastery 36 pieces of 
timber were delivered to Robert Payn to "the repayring of the singe [sign] 
of the George," at sundry times. This ancient hostelry, which must have 
flourished in the days of the Monastery, descended with the monastic 
property until part was severed and sold at a comparatively recent date to 
redeem the land tax on the whole. Some tile paving, used here perhaps 
when the sign was repaired in 1542, again came to light in some alterations 
made a few years ago. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 297 

The late choir of the monastic church seems to have been 
the scene of some of these melting operations ; the refectory 
was also used as a receptacle for part of the lead. One 
item is 

" To take down the great wall that was partition of the Mydquere 
(Mid-Choir, i.e., the Ritual Choir) to have out the lead that was there 
cast, and to break down one part of the great cloister." 

The lead produced a total of 637 sows, weighing nearly 210 
tons, over and above John Howell, plumber, laid upon the 
chancel of the Parish Church, and upon the gutter of the new 
Convent Kitchen, 1 1 cwt. Lead reserved for my lord and 
returned over 2 1 tons. The price realised appears to have been 
from ^3 6s. Sd. to 4 per ton; so my lord of Hertford had 
apparently little cause to be dissatisfied with this part of his 
Amesbury bargain. 

The principal buyers of the lead were Robert Eyre and 
Thomas Sembarbe [Saintbarbe], merchants of Sarum ; both 
well-known Wiltshire names. Their purchase amounted to 
162 tons. Robert Steward, sadler, in London, bought 5 tons; 
John Berenger, of Hampton [Southampton], merchant, about 
10 tons. On ist August 1541, a hundred sows, weighing 
nearly 30 tons, were conveyed from Amesbury to Southampton, 
in carts hired from Urchfont, Collingbourne, Cannings, Ailing- 
ton, Newton, Manningford, Enford, Chisenbury, Winterslow, 
Winterbourne, Stapleford, and Bedwin, some of them be- 
longing, no doubt, to the Earl of Hertford's own tenants at 
these places. Lastly, on 28th June 1542, " Marchaunt of 
Hampton" [the merchant of Southampton], made a further 
small purchase of over 30 cwt., to be sent to Jersey for gun- 
shot. 

The other Amesbury papers at Longleat relate to the 
spoliation of some part of the monastic buildings [1539-1542]. 
The payments include items for taking down the roofs of part 
of the Church, viz., the Lady Chapel, the great Choir, and 
that over the high altar ; also the roofs of the dormitory, etc. 
Other payments are for taking up the paving tile in the vestry, 



298 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

parlour, part of that in the inner parlour, the cloister, and 
chapter house, and for carrying the same into the north aisle 
(meaning, no doubt, the north transept of the church, as 
already described). Another item is for again removing the 
paving out of this aisle, or transept, to make room for the 
timber. 

Among the materials sold are gravestones and tile 
paving from before the high altar ; a tombstone ; two tombs 
in the north aisle [transept], and rafters from the same ; paving 
tile in the vestry, and in the south aisle [transept] by the 
Church door. Broken wood of the roof of the south aisle 
[transept] ; timber of the spire and great cloister ; broken wood 
of the spire ; and the paling by the Church door, convent side, 
and cemetery in the park. 

If these papers at Longleat had not come to light, the 
identity of the present parish Church of Amesbury with that 
of the dissolved Monastery which had previously been a 
matter of general acceptance might never have been ques- 
tioned ; but the question having lately been raised 1 upon 
several points which appear to the present writer to be some- 
what inconclusive evidence, he is glad to have the opportunity 
of making a few remarks which may serve to explain certain 
items in the Longleat papers, apparently hitherto misread. 

In the event of a double use of the same building, both by 
nuns and parishioners (which he has always believed to have 
been the case at Amesbury) the body of the church, i.e. the 
nave, with its south aisle, and formerly a south porch would 
naturally be the part assigned to the latter ; the nuns occupy- 
ing the chancel, tower and transepts, which communicated with 
the cloister and other monastic buildings by blocked up door- 
ways still visible in the walls. The south porch thus formed a 
separate entrance to the western portion (or Parish Church) 



1 By Mr. Charles H. Talbot and the Kev. C. L. Ruddle, in papers read 
at the Amesbury Meeting of the Wilts Archaeological Society (1899) 
and printed in Wilts Archaeological Magazine, vol. xxxi, pp. 8-32. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 299 

for the services of which the lady Prioress, as Rector, provided 
a Chaplain. 

This being the case some of the items in the Longleat 
papers will perhaps appear less obscure. They certainly 
represent, as Canon Jackson has remarked, " considerable 
havoc in stripping off lead, pulling down a spire, selling paving 
tiles, &c. " ; but, if looked at closely, this will be found to refer 
only to the eastern portion, or Monastic Church (then unoccupied) 
which, with the site and other buildings of the Monastery, had 
recently, by grant from the Crown, become the private 
property of the Earl of Hertford. The same remark applies to 
the church mentioned in the Crown survey taken after the 
Dissolution, as " deemed to be superfluous " ; which must not be 
taken literally as applying to the whole of the Church, but only 
to such portion as had previously been connected with the Monas- 
tery. On the dissolution of the House, and dispersion of its 
inmates, the eastern portion of the Church, which had been 
occupied by the Nuns, became temporarily useless, and (with 
the cloister, chapter-house, refectory and other unoccupied 
portions of the late Monastery) was deemed superfluous, i.e., 
sentenced to be destroyed. 1 

But this sentence, so far as concerned the Church, was 
never carried into effect. It appears from the Longleat papers 
that the timber spire was destroyed for the sake of its covering 
of lead ; the roofs over the great choir, and high altar, were also 
taken down, 2 and the gravestones and tile paving in the floor 
of this part of the building removed, 3 apparently to facilitate 



1 It may be mentioned that the Abbey Church of Malmesbury was also 
deemed superfluous, which was, no doubt, the usual sentence passed on all 

churches or parts of churches, which had been attached to Religious Houses. 

2 We also find mention of rafters and broken wood of the north and 
south aisles [i.e., transepts'^ ; but this may merely refer to the alteration, or 
repair, of the old timber work necessary in changing the covering of the 
roof from lead to tiles. 

3 Gough, in his Sepulchral Monuments, published 1786-96, vol. ii, p. 220, 
describes the chancel as being, at that time, descended into by seven wooden 
stairs an arrangement probably resulting from this disturbance. 



300 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the Earl of Hertford's lead melting operations (part, if not all 
of which, seems to have been carried on here) ; but the lead 
once disposed of, these dismantled roofs must have been again 
replaced 1 and covered in probably with tile from other of the 
monastic buildings 2 and the entire area of chancel, tower, 
transepts, nave, and aisle thrown open, and appropriated wholly 
to parochial uses, as it continues to be at the present day. 

One item in the Longleat papers mentions taking down 
the great wall that was partition of the Mid Choir showing the 
existence, in mediaeval times, of a permanent separation in the 
midst of the church, which, unless one and the same building 
was used by both nuns and parishioners, would not have 
been required. 

With the dismantled roofs of the eastern, or unoccupied 
portion of the church, those on the body of the building, used as 
the Parish Church, have likewise been associated, and this part 
also described as roofless and desolate. But on looking care- 
fully at the Longleat papers it will be found that there is not a 
single item to show that the western part of the church, occupied 
by the parishioners was in any way interfered with during the 1 
spoliation of the monastic buildings in 1539-1542 not even 
that the lead was stripped from the roofs for, although the 
porch has been removed, and the gabled roof of the aisle is 
now covered with red tile the nave will still be found to retain 
a covering of lead, which must always have been the case since 



1 The old chancel roof, of Perpendicular date, destroyed when the 
church was restored in 1853, was of the same pitch as that which still 
covers the nave ; but less ornamented. Its carvings did not exactly match 
thus conveying the idea that it had been taken down and unskilfully re- 
constructed. 

2 As lately as the commencement of the present century the roofs of the 
eastern part of the church were still unceiled, and open from within, between 
the rafters, to stone tile and shingle. The south transept had been used 
for a school, and the north was occupied by sundry articles belonging to the 
parish, including an apparatus for extinguishing fires, invented by the Rev. 
Thomas Holland, a former incumbent, of whom a notice will be found in 
Wilts N. 4- Q., vol. i, pp. 4, 41, 92 ; vol. ii, p. 247. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 301 

the construction of the present roof. We may therefore 
assume that the parishioners remained unmolested in their use 
of the body of the church; and their wills serve to show that in 
1542-1543 they were, as usual, desiring burial within its walls, 
as well as making liberal bequests towards the maintenance of 
its services. 

In the days of the Monastery the lady Prioress had, as 
already mentioned, provided a Chaplain for parish work. The 
name of John Bel ton appears in the Valor Ecclesiasticus, 1534 
five years before the Dissolution of the Monastery when he 
was in receipt of a yearly income of ^7. But, on the subse- 
quent disposal of the site, the Crown (having absorbed the 
Monastic income) relieved itself of this responsibility by 
charging its new owner the Earl of Hertford, who became 
lay Rector with a yearly payment thereout ofS for the salary 
of a Priest to serve the cure of the parish. If a separate Parish 
Church had existed it is quite clear that this arrangement 
would have been unnecessary. 

The dimensions of the roofs of the church of 1540, as 
given above, in the survey of the lead by the King's plumbers, 
correspond nearly enough with those of the present building, 
one item only excepted, i.e. the roof over the body of the church, 
estimated at 120 feet by 24 on each side. This has been taken 
literally to represent a nave 120 feet long, the existence of which, 
at any time, the present writer is very much inclined to doubt ; 
and he is equally inclined to doubt if any such meaning was 
intended. The measurement is that of the lead, not on the roof 
of the nave alone, but on the entire body of the church, which 
would include both nave and its south aisle 1 and, as these roofs 
together would give a total length of about 120 feet, the 
plumbers (who had no interest in preserving to posterity the 
exact size of the building, but were simply estimating the 
weight of the lead) may have taken the entire length of 



1 The south porch may also have been roofed with lead. 



302 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

nave and aisle together, and averaged the width considering 
this quite near enough for their purpose. 

We next come to the spire a framework of timber, 61 feet 
in height, covered with lead, and taken down in Easter week 
1541. It is described as an octagon, measuring 10 feet on 
each of its sides at the base. 1 This would represent a square 
of 24 feet, and the actual corresponding measurement of the 
tower is 28 feet by 25, inside the parapet wall. The objection, 
therefore, that the actual dimensions of the present church 
tower at Amesbury cannot be reconciled with the recorded 
dimensions of the spire of the Monastic Church, apparently 
vanishes. The appearance of the present tower roof suggests 
the idea that, on the removal of the spire, the roof was very 
roughly made up with part of its old timbers laid down un- 
evenly, and the whole covered with lead. 8 

The Crown survey, taken immediately after the Dissolu- 
tion, mentions four bells in the steeple of the Monastic Church. 
In 1552 (some twelve years later) the Commissioners appointed 
to make a survey and inventory of all church goods remaining 
at that time, found, apparently in the same tower, the same 
four bells used by the parish. These they again left un- 
disturbed, as being " requisite for Divine Service ". 

If any further proof were necessary to establish the 
identity of the Monastic Church, with that used by the parish- 
ioners in mediaeval times, the dedication ought in itself to settle 
the question. Bishop Tanner, in his Notitia Monastica, says 
that Queen Ethelfrida, on founding her Benedictine Nunnery 
at Amesbury, in 980, commended it to the patronage of 
SS. Mary and Meliorus. The royal charters confirming the 

1 The actual spire measured probably not more than 9| feet on each 
side, as the plumbers, in estimating the weight of the lead, would naturally 
allow for the overlapping joint at each angle. 

2 Among the many names and dates which appear on this lead (from at 
least the year 1647 downward) some are enclosed within an outline represent- 
ing a tower and spire, which, repeated from time to time by different 
individuals, seems to perpetuate a tradition of the tower having once 
actually possessed such an appendage. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 303 

grant by Henry II of this earlier foundation to the Abbey of 
Font Evrault, in nyy, 1 distinctly mention that the church 
included in that grant bore the same dedication ; and this with 
the relics of St. Meliorus deposited here continued, without 
doubt, to be the dedication of the Monastic Church. 

Now, in 1492 (whilst this very Church of SS. Mary and 
Meliorus was in full possession of the nuns, and its dissolution, 
some half a century later, not yet even dreamt of), we find 
Thomas Bundy, a parishioner of Amesbury, desiring, by 
will, that his body might be buried in the same church of St. 
Melore. 2 This alone seems to be conclusive evidence of the 
use of the same Church, at the same time, both by nuns and 
parishioners. Later on, in 1542 (three years after the dissolu- 
tion of the Monastery, and whilst the. eastern portion of the 
Church, lately used by the nuns, was Unoccupied, and partially 
unroofed), we have the will of Nicholas Chamber, another 
parishioner, desiring burial "in the body of the Church of St. 
Melore, before the rood" s thus distinctly showing the use, at 
that time, of the western part of the building (in a perfect state] as 
the Parish Church. In the following year (1543) Henry Wat- 
kins, also a parishioner, wills to be buried in the same church 
of St. Melore*; thus proving satisfactorily, in the opinion of the 

1 Although the Order of Font Evrault included religious of both sexes, 
we find brethren at Amesbury mentioned only in 1294, and a prior a few years 
later ; but this may merely refer to the priests maintained in the Monastery 
the principal one of whom may have been known as Prior. 

2 There is also in the church a small brass plate to Edith, wife of Robert 
Matyn, who died in 1470. Gough describes it, more than a century ago, as 
being then in the nave of the church (where, as a parishioner, she would 
have been buried) ; but it has since been removed, and is now buried be- 
neath the pavement of the chancel. Robert Matyn, of Durrington, in his 
will (1509), leaves to my lady Prioress of Amesbury 3s. 4d., to every lady 
householder of the same place 8d. and to every lady veiled Id. To the 
Parish Church of Amesbury he also bequeaths four sheep. 

3 He makes a bequest to the high altar of St. Melore as well as to 
All Souls light, St. Stephen's light, and the Maiden's light, in the same 
church. Also a canopy to be carried over the Host on Corpus Christi day ; 
and a pall, embroidered in gold and silk for the Easter Sepulchre. 

4 In later Amesbury wills of the time of Edward VI, we find mention of 
a Jesus Chapel, in the Parish Church. This may have been at the east end 



34 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 




present writer, that the one Church of SS. Mary and Meliorus 
(still the Parish Church of Amesbury) was (excepting the 
Chapel of the Infirmary) the only consecrated building belong- 
ing to the Monastery ; and that (as at Edington) its eastern 
portion served as the Monastic Church, the western portion 
being appropriated to parochial uses. 1 

In the nave of Amesbury Church, as it now stands, there 
are some architectural remains, at least of the early Norman 

period, 2 which may possibly have 
been part of the Church given 
to Font Evrault in 1177, or 
re-built at about that date. 
The chancel, tower, and tran- 
septs (used by the nuns) belong 
to the Early English style (i3th 
century), the north and south 
walls of the chancel each con- 
tain a Decorated window, an in- 
sertion of somewhat later date. 
The nave and its south aisle, 
include the earlier Norman 
remains, re-modelled during the 
Perpendicular period (isth cen- 
tury). The west window of the 
nave (removed in 1853) is repre- 
sented in the annexed sketch. 

of the south aisle, where there are traces of a piscina ; and an altar very 
probably stood here. It was called Jesus Chapel, no doubt, from the Jesus 
service said in it ; but this would not necessarily be its actual dedication. 

1 No person, with a practised eye in such matters, who has carefully 
looked at Edington Church, and carried the same eye into that ol Amesbury, 
will have failed to see in both, distinct traces of one and the same arrange- 
ment in mediaeval times. 

2 These remains seem to have been overlooked by Sir Richard Hoare, 
who remarks that the church cannot boast of any Norman architecture. 
(Amesbury Hundred, p. 73.) They were probably plastered over, and less 
visible in his time than at present. The very considerable inclination of 
the chancel to the north also appears to have escaped the notice of Sir 
Richard, and is not shown in his ground plan of the building. 





fi 

T T 


m 


m 


( \ 


/ \ 


/ \ 


/ 


\ 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 



35 



The east window of the chancel (also removed in 1853) 
was a late insertion, probably of the time of Henry VII, or 
Henry VIII. It is shown in the engraving of the Church from 
the south-east, given in Hoare's Modern Wilts. The dripstones 
of this window were of especial interest, as examples of the 
use of coloured clay, which is rarely found in work of this kind. 
They are now preserved within the Church, being built into the 






north wall of the chancel, as supports to the credence table ; 
and represent angels bearing escutcheons on which are carved 
the initials oKo interlaced with a cord (see illustration], and 
filled in with red and black clay. The principal initial K pro- 
bably represents the name of Kent, well known as one of the 
officers of the Monastery, 1 and to some of this family the window 
may have been inserted as a memorial. 2 



(To be continued.} 



EDWARD KITE. 



1 There was, among the buildings of the Monastery, a large apartment 
known as Kent's C/tai,ber. Peter Kent, who had previously held office in 
the Monastery, was collector of rents for the Earl of Hertford in 1544 ; and 
one of the lodges on the east side of the park towards Grey Bridge- 
curiously constructed of flint-work, and bearing the date 1607, is still well 
known as Kent House, probably from its first occupier. 

2 On one shield the initials are red interwoven with a blac?t cord. On 
the other the same initials are black with the red cord loosed, as if to 
intimate by the hand of death. A notice of these escutcheons was com- 
municated many years ago to the Arch Ecological Institute by the Rev. W. 
Grey, of Allington. See Arch. Journ., vol. ii, p. 194. 

Y 



306 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 

(Continued from page 252.) 



EXCHEQUER Q. R. DECREES AND ORDERS, Book v, f. 272. 

[Easter Term, 18 Elizabeth.} 4 June, 1576. 
It is ordered and decreed by the Court of Exchequer [on 
the cause of Gilbert Gerrard, attorney-general, against John 
Marquis of Winchester, touching the evidences of the manors 
of Steeple Ashton, Bratton and Northstoke 1 ] that the letters 
patents, dated 26th January, 3 Edward VI, of the enrolment 
and exemplification thereof shall from henceforth be void to all 
intents and purposes, and that the same letters patents and the 
enrolment and exemplification thereof to all respects and pur- 
poses shall be taken to be as letters surrendered and void 
according to the true intent and meaning of the late lord 
Marquis of Winchester, from the day of the date of the second 
letters patents, 4 Edward VI; and for the Queen's further 
security, that the said John, now Marquis of Winchester, shall 
not only confess in the court of Chancery that the enrolment of 
the former letters patents, 3 Edward VI may be cancelled, but 
also that he shall deliver unto this court the same and all such 
exemplifications as he hath, to be cancelled. Or else that he 
shall make a full release and surrender in writing under his 
hand and seal to the Queen of all the said manors of Steeple 
Ashton, Bratton, Northstoke, and all other lands and tenements 
specified in the said letters patents, 3 Edward VI, except such 
parcels thereof as were graunted in the said second letters 
patents to his father, or such parcels thereof as the now Lord 
Marquis can lawfully claim by force of any other letters patents, 



1 Exchequer Q. R., Bills and Answers, Elizabeth. Wilts. No. 5. Vide 
pp. 208-214 Wilts Notes and Queries. 



Records q/ Wiltshire Parishes. 307 

made after the date of the said first letters patents. And yet, 
nevertheless, because the defendant " is a noble man and a great 
pere of this Realme," the court at this present is contented to 
give day to the said defendant until the quindene of St. Michael 
next, to show cause why the Court should not then proceed to 
give further order against him for the executing the premises 
according to their true intention, order and determination. 

IBID. Book vi, f. 228. [Trinity, 20 Elizabeth.} 
Monday, 9 June. 

( Frauncis Martyn being present in court is 
\ enioyned that he increase his suyt agaynst Henry 

Whiteacre, the Queen's Majesty's tenaunt of a parcell of lande 

in Brackton, vpon payne of cxl//. 

EXCHEQUER DEPOSITIONS. WILTS. [2 James 1, Hilary No. 3.] 

Depositions of witnesses taken at Westbury, i7th Jan., 
2 James I, in a cause defending in the Court of Ex- 
chequer between Adam Stanshall, Roger Bisse, Henry 
Betton and Thomas Webbe, tenants of Brembridge, co. 
Wilts, complainants, and Sefton Bromwich, gentleman, 
defendant. 

Witnesses on the part of the plaintiffs. 
A.D. 1604. John Caraway, of Dilton, labourer, aged three 
score and ten years, or thereabouts, sworn and examined, 
deposeth as followeth : 

[i, 2, and 3, answers concerning the manor of Brembridge 
and the fields of Westbury.] 

To the fourth interrogatory he saith that he knows that 
the Defendant, Sefton Bromwich, is owner of the farm of 
Bratton, Wilts, which farm this deponent hath known by the 
space of threescore years, but doth not know the down and 
sheep sleight of the said farm. Further that there have been 
anciently kept upon the down and sheep sleight 400 sheep, 
and that the sheep sleight doth lie about a mile from the 

water, and that he kept sheep four or five years in the fields 

Y 2 



308 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

called Westbury fields and Ley Field, during which time, in 
time and necessity of draught, the farmers of Bratton have 
had their sheep come down running, being athirst, from the 
down to the water, where they would drink for the space of 
half-an-hour, and presently the shepherd would take his course 
and have them up again to their sleight upon the down, but 
whether the same were of courtesy, or neighbourhood, or of 
right, he knows not. 

To the sixth interrogatory he saith that Sefton Bromwich 
divers times hath sleighted down his sheep of late through 
Westbury fields and Leys fields at times when there was no 
necessity of waterings, which sheep were about 400, as he 
takes it, and do usually depasture there the better part of 
a day, and that this deponent and others have often chased the 
sheep of the farmer of Bratton for feeding there, but doth not 
know whether the farmer's sheep were ever impounded, and 
further deposeth not. 

Roger Kendall, of Frome, Somerset, husbandman, aged 
fifty, saith [much the same as the foregoing]. 

John Lisle, of Warminster, shepherd, aged fifty . . . 
saith . . . That the tenants of the manor of Brembridge, 
and other the inhabitants of Westbury, have used to have 
the pasturage of the fields of Westbury and Leys severally 
from the farmer of Bratton, except three days in Leys field 
and three days in Westbury at the breach, and the tenants of 
Brembridge and the inhabitants of Westbury have often dis- 
turbed the farmer's sheep of Bratton from their feeding in the 
same fields, and have chased them with dogs, and this was so 
done about 34 years ago, this deponent being a shepherd there 
seven years or thereabouts. And that one old Knight and 
Stanshall did at one time impound the farmer's sheep of 
Bratton from out of the said fields, and after the said old Knight 
died he heard no more of the matter. 

William Kendall, of Brook, in the parish of Westbury, 
aged four score, deposeth . . . That he hath known the 
farm of Bratton these three-score years and upwards, and that 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 309 

he knoweth the sheep sleight belonging to it, upon which the 
farmers of Bratton have kept four or five hundred sheep, which 
sheep-sleight lieth a mile from the water. . . . That the 
tenants of the manor of Brembridge and the inhabitants 
of Westbury have used to have the feeding of Leys field 
and Westbury field after the first three days breach to 
themselves severally from the farmers of Bratton. That 
the sheep of the Lord Admiral, being the flock of Bratton, 
three-score years ago depasturing the said field, were out 
of Leyes field impounded by Robert Bowyers, John Whatley, 
Robert Cooch, of Lye, because they did continue a day longer 
than their three days in the said field, and that time the Lord 
Admiral's flock were denied to feed in the same field after their 
breach . . . 

Richard Westwoode, of Steepleashton, husbandman, aged 
about three-score years and five, saith [much as the others]. 

John Doninges, of Westbury, aged 58 years, saith [as 
before]. . . . That the defendant doth feed his sheep in 
the said fields and doth keep them there of late by force ; and 
that after the three days next after the first breach of the said 
fields, the farmer of Bratton hath brought therein sheep which 
have fed there, but have been chased from the same oftentimes 
within these 40 years ; and touching the impounding of the 
farmer's sheep of Bratton this deponent saith one Thomas 
Kendall, one Stanshall, and others, to the number of four or 
five, about thirty years ago impounded the then farmer's sheep 
out of Lyes field and out of Westbury's field. 

John Rawlings, of Westbury, shepherd, aged 50 years, 
saith [much as the others]. 

Mathias Wallis, of Westbury, yeoman, aged threescore 
years, saith : That Sefton Bromwich was presented and amerced 
at the law- day holden for Westbury Hundred the 28th March, 
39 Elizabeth, for suffering his sheep to be kept and depastured 
in the fields of Lye above said. 

Roger Burford, of Haukeridge in the parish of Westbury, 
husbandman, aged threescore and ten years, saith that the 



310 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

farmers of Bratton have been used to water their sheep in 
Leyfield, where the} r have stayed for the space of an hour, and 
have then been driven back up to their sleight ; and that he 
never knew the farmer's sheep of Bratton disturbed in their 
feeding in the fields of Ley and Westbury, for the said farmers 
have three days severally at the several breaches of the said 
fields and afterwards they were wont to go away out of the 
said fields, and this deponent was a shepherd there at the 
rising in the West fifty years ago, and since he hath not been 
shepherd there. 

Robert Evans, of Westbury, husbandman, aged threescore 
years or thereabouts, saith .... that he was one of those 
that hath beaten up the said farmer's sheep out of the said fields 
up to Bratton down by the commandment of his parents, and 
the like commandment was given to other shepherds in the said 
fields at that time [about 39 years before]. 

Richard Cooche, of Westbury, weaver, aged threescore 
and six years, saith that about 50 years ago the farmer's flock 
of Bratton did not use to feed in Leys field, but can say nothing 
of Westbury field, and this he knoweth because he was a 
shepherd there about that time. 

Witnesses for the Defendant. 

Thomas Hales, of Bratton, aged threescore years and six, 
sworn and examined, saith that he knoweth the defendant and 
Henry Belton, one of the complainants, but the other he doth 
not well know. That he knoweth the site and demesnes of 
Bratton, and hath known the same for 33 years, and the fields 
called Lyesfields and Westbury fields for 30 years. This de- 
ponent hath often seen the flock of sheep of Bratton to feed and 
depasture in Lyesfielde and Westbury fields, at the breach time 
of the fields. That one William Butcher and Roger Marks 
being several farmers of the said site and demesnes of Bratton, 
have with their several flocks of sheep of Bratton so fed and 
depastured in the said fields, and the flock of Bratton have used 
to depasture and feed in the said fields at all times at the will 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 311 

and pleasure of the said farmer, after the breach of the fields, 
until the fields were sown again with corn. And the reason 
that he knows it is because he was a shepherd in the said fields 
for thirty years, and the flock of Bratton hath always been six 
hundred and three score, or thereabouts. That the defendant 
doth now use the like pasturing and feeding with his sheep in 
the said fields as the farmers ol Bratton have done heretofore 
by all the time of this deponent's memory. That one old 
Springall being shepherd unto Butcher, sometime farmer of 
Bratton aforesaid, did keep the sheep of the said farm in Lyes 
field and Westbury fields as the defendant now keepeth his 
sheep there 

Roger Markes, of Stepleasheton, yeoman, aged fifty-five 
years, deposeth that he was tenant for 20 years of part of the 
site and demesnes of Bratton. That the farmers and occupiers 
of the site and demesnes of Bratton have had by all the time 
aforesaid a flock of 660 sheep depasturing upon the downs, 
which said flock have always used to be sleighted, fed, and 
depastured in Lyes and Westburyes fields at the time of the 
breach and at all times afterwards at the will of the farmers and 
occupiers of the site of Bratton, until the same were sown 
again with corn. That this deponent's father, William Markes, 
and his grandfather, Walter Markes, were farmers of the said 
site and demesnes of Bratton, and did so use the said fields 
with their sheep. That the defendant Sefton Bromwich doth 
now so use them. 

Ralph Cudgel], of Westbury, shepherd, aged 60 years, saith 
that the farmers of Bratton have had common of pasture for 
their flocks of Bratton in the said fields by all his remembrance 
being 40 years, but sometimes there hath been among the 
shepherds some " rappes " about it, as he hath been told by 
the same shepherds. 

William Ballerd, of Bratton, aged 40 years, saith that he 
hath known the said fields for 30 years past, which fields the 
farmers of Bratton for the time being, namely, William 
Butcher, Richard Axford, and one Markes of Stepleashton, 



312 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

have used by all the time of his memory for pasturage and 
feeding for their flocks of Bratton 

Walter Hixe, of Westbury, husbandman, aged 50 years, 
saith [much as above ; gives the several former farmers using 
the pasturage in dispute, as John Markes, William Butcher, 
Richard Axford and Roger Markes]. . . . 

John Gunstone, of Westbury, husbandman, aged 74 years, 
saith that he knoweth Lyesfield and Westbury fields for all 
the time of his remembrance, and that a farmer of Bratton did 
once heretofore feed and sleight his flock after the three days 
breach of Lyesfield in the said field, and this deponent was 
likely to have been then beaten by one Tynker, the shepherd 
of the flock of Bratton, for mingling his sheep with the said 
farm flock. 

Richard Axford, of Bratton, husbandman, aged three score 
years, saith that he was farmer of the farm of Bratton 20 
years, and his father before him 10 years before that, during 
all which time this deponent and his father used to have 
pasturage for their flocks of Bratton in the said fields after 
the breach, and were never disturbed. 

Robert Greene, of Bratton, shepherd, aged forty, saith 
that he hath known Lyes field and Westbury's field for 23 
years, and that all the time the farmer of Bratton used to de- 
pasture his flock, being 660 sheep, in the said fields, the first 
three days of the breach severally to themselves without the 
sheep of the tenants of Brembridge and the inhabitants of 
Westbury that had common there, and all the season of the 
year when the same is not sown with corn. That he being 
shepherd of the said flock for these sixteen years last past 
was never disturbed in the sleighting and feeding of his sheep 
in that manner in Westbury field, but in Lyes field, which was 
when old Mr. Bromwich had the farm of Bratton wholly to 
himself, and then some of Lyes men came unto him and told 
him that he must not have his sheep go in the said Lyes field, 
and willed this deponent to tell his master that he should 
meet them there the next morning about the same. Which 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 313 



message he delivered to his said then master, who willed him 
to sleight the sheep there again the next morning, and if 
that Lyesmen would pen them, then they might, and he 
would take his course to right himself by law. Before which 
time he had nothing to do with them, and after that this 
deponent heard no more of the matter until two years last 
past. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Trinity. $ James I. R. IxxviJ] 

A.D. 1605. "I Thomas Harris, sergeant-at-law, and Thomas 
WILTS. I Chamberlayne, esquire, in their own persons, 
sue against Henry Martyn, esquire, and Gabriel Cox, junior, 
gentlemen, the manor of Westbury, alias Westbury Saint 
Maure, with the appurtenances and 30 messuages, 6 tofts, 2 
watermills, 2 dovecotes, 20 gardens, 600 acres of land, 200 
acres of meadow, 500 acres of pasture, 200 acres of wood, 
500 acres of broom and heather, and iocs, rent, with the 
appurtenances in Westbury, alias Westbury under the plain, 
Bratton, Edington, Calston, Steeple Aston, Imber, Warminster, 
North Bradley, Heywood, Hawkeridge, Brooke Lye, Dilton 
Shortestreet, and Skidmores Upton, and a 4th part of the 
hundred of Westbury and the portmote, with the appurten- 
ances and fairs and markets and toll and thele in the fairs and 
markets, as their right and heritage, &c., &c. 

Henry and Gabriel call to warrant Alexander Chokke, 
esquire, and Joan his wife, &c., &c. 

Alexander and Joan call to warrant Edward Howse, &c., 
&c. 

Thomas Harris and Thomas Chamberlain seek licence to 
imparl and it is granted them. And afterwards they return 
hither, &c. And the foresaid Edward, &c., makes default, 
therefore it is considered that the foresaid Thomas Harris and 
Thomas Chamberlayne shall recover their seisin against Henry 
and Gabriel, of the manor, tenements, rent, and 4th part 
aforesaid, with the appurtenances, &c. 



314 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



LAY SUBSIDY. WILTS. *||. 


\Sitbsidy, 7 James /.] 


A.D. 1609. WESTBURY HUNDRED. 


BRATTON, 










In lands William Newman 


xxs. 


IS. 


iirjW. 


[subsidy]. 


Christopher White . . 


xxs. 


IS. 


iirjV. 


M 


William Axford 


xxs. 


IS. 


i'ujd. 


M 


John Rawlings 


xxs. 


IS. 


iiijW. 


|| 


Maulde Smarte, widow 


xxs. 


IS. 


i'ujd. 


l 


Deanes (?) Ballarde . . 


xxs. 


IS. 


iujd. 


II 


John Aldridge . . xxxs. 


IS. 


ijd. 


> 


James Blacke 


xxs. 


IS. 


iiijW. 


II 



In goods Margaret Butcher, widow iij/z. iiis. 

Richard Hulbert . . xij//. xijs. 

James Ballarde. .. iiij//'. iiijs. 

Ralfe Aldridge . . iij/z. iijs. 

Sum ill. xiijs. iiij/. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [8 James I. Hilary. Roll xxvii. ] 

A.D. 161 1. | Matthew Ley, esquire, and Maximilian Petty, 
WILTS. ) gentlemen, in their own persons, sue against 
James Ley, knight, and George Markes, gentleman, a half of 
the manor of Lygh, with the appurtenances of 16 messuages, 
10 gardens, 200 acres of land, 50 acres of meadow, 100 acres 
of pasture, 100 acres of wood, and 705. rent, with the appur- 
tenances in Lygh Penlye, Brooke, Bremebridge, Dilton, 
Hawkeridge, Heywood, Bratton, and Westbury, as their 
right and heritage, &c., &c. 

James and George call to warrant Roger Coggeswell, &c. 

Roger calls to warrant Edward Howes, &c., &c. 

And Mathew and Maximilian seek licence to imparl and 
it is granted them. And afterwards they return hither, &c. 
And the foresaid Edward, &c., makes default. Therefore it is 
considered that Mathew and Maximilian shall recover their 
seisin against James and George of the half aforesaid, with 
the appurtenances, &c., &c. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 315 

PATENT ROLL, [n fames /, part 1 3.] 

A.D. 1613. The King grants to Queen Ann various rents 
from different estates in co. Southampton and Wilts, &c. ; and 
the annual rent or fee-farm of ^93 45. from the manor of 
Edington-Romsey, Twynehead, the Grange of Bratton, and 
the capital messuage of the manor of Steepleaston in Wilts, 
and other property elsewhere in England, for and during the 
whole term of her natural life. 

Tested by the King at Westminster, 16 February. 

By writ of privy seal. 

LAY SUBSIDY -j. 

ool 

A.D. 1625. [Subsidy, i Charles /.] 

WESTURY HUNDRED, BRATTON. 



In lands Robert Smart 


xxs. 


\\\}d. [subsidy]. 


Giles Gilbert 


xxs. 


iiij^. 


William Axford 


xxs. 


iiijV. 


William Whetacre 


xxs. 


\\\]d. 


William Heavell 


xxs. 


iiijW. 


Christopher White 


xxs. 


u\]d. 


Roger Ballard 


xxs. 


\\\}d. 


Willam Noble 


xxs. 


\\\]d. 


Marie Blanchard, widow 


xxs. 


\\\}d. 


John Croome 


xxs. 


iiijd. 


Christopher Butcher 


xxs. 


i'rijd. 


In goods Ralph Alderidge 


iij//. 


viijs. 


John Whetacre 


\\]li. 


viijs. 


Henrie Cromwell 


\\]li. 


viijs. 


John Alderidge 


\\]li. 


viijs. 


Bartholomewe Cromwell 1 . . 


iij/. 


viijs. 



1 In roll 19? (3 Charles I) there is entered William Bromwich possessing 5li. 

in land. 



316 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

WILTSHIRE FREEHOLDERS' BOOK. [13 Charles /, A. D. '1637-8. 
Time of Sir Edward Baynlon, K.B., sheriff.} 

William Whittaker, of Bratton. 
John Nevell, of Bratton. 



WESTBURY 
HUNDRED. 



John Whittaker, of Bratton. 
William Bromwich, de Bratton. 
John Croome, of Bratton. 
Timotheus Ballard, of the same. 



INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [14 Charles /, pt, 2, No. 155. 
P. M. Henry Ley, Earl of Mar/borough.] 

A.D. 1638. Inquisition taken at New Sarum 27 September, 
14 Charles I. Henry Ley, &c., was seized of and in the manors 
of Westbury, Westbury Arundell, &c., and of, and in 7 messu- 
ages with the appurtenances, 30 acres of land, 10 acres of 
meadow, 10 acres of pasture and IDS. of rent with the appur- 
tenances, in Heywood, Hawkridge, Bratton, and Westbury, late 
the land of Richard Gawen ; a messuage, 30 acres of land, 
5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture with IDS. rent, with the 
appurtenances in Bradford, Bratton, Westbury, c., 17 messu- 
ages, 20 cottages, 8 water mills, flour mills, and fulling mills, 
40 acres of land, 120 acres of meadow, 450 acres of pasture, 250 
acres of wood, and certain other lands and tenements, and 
common of pasture for 500 sheep, or sheep and cattle, with 
the appurtenances in Westbury, Heywood, Hawkridge, 
Bratton, Milborne, Stoake, Coulston, Ligh, Dilton le Marsh, 
Shortstreet, Skidmore's Vpton, Penley, Brooke, Doddesmede, 
Steeple Ashton, Imber, &c., late the lands of John Batt and 
others (named) ; 2 messuages, a cottage, a barn, 240 acres of 
land, 50 acres of meadow, 400 acres of pasture, with the appur- 
tenances in Bratton, Stoke, Leigh, Westbury, called, or known, 
by the name of St. Maure farme, being parcell of the manor of 
Westbury Seymour. 1 

1 No date of the Earl's death given. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 317 

LAY SUBSIDY. WILTS. ||| 
A.D. 1641. [Collections of ^400,000 granted 17 Charles /.] 

HUNDRED OF WESTBURY, 
BRATTON. 

The Lady Mary Couritesse Dowager. . . \li. xvis. 

William Bromwich, gent. . . . . . . iij//. 

William Stoakes and Henry Usher . . . . j/z. 

George Markes, gent. . . . . . . viijs. yjW. 

Robert Shepherde, for Mr. W. Smith . . xjs. 

Anthony Silverthorne [?] . . . . . . iiijs. 

Mary Burgis, widow . . . . . . is. vjW. 

Anthony Martyn . . . . . . is. 

John Mynty and William Hulbert, ] 

\. A.O. 

for Thomas Oxford 

John Brown and Timothy Ballard . . . . vijs. 

John Whittacre. . .. .. .. . . j/i. 

Henry Ballard . . . . . . . . . . vijs. 

Henry Ballard and Roger Ballard . . . . vijs. 

E. MARGARET THOMPSON. 
(To be continued}. 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 225.) 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 
FIRST SERIES. 

D. 

1655-10-14. Joan DODSON, dau. of Francis Dodson. 

1659-8-17. James DAVIS, son of Thomas, Jun., and Elizabeth 
Davis, of Corsham. 

1660-7-14. Alice DODSON, dau. of Francis Dodson, of Marlbro'. 



318 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



1661-8-2. Mary DAVIS, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth Davis, 
of Pickwick. 

i663-io-7[io]. Mary and Martha DODSON, twin dau. of 
Francis Dodson, of Marlbro' Meeting. 

1664-2-24. William DAVIS, son of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Davis, of Corsham. 

1665-11-27. John DAVIS, son of John and Susannah Davis, of 
Nettleton. 

1666-7-13. Daniell DODSON, son of Francis Dodson, of 
Marlbrough. 

1668-7-6. Katherine DAVIS, dau. of John Davis, of Marlbrough. 

1673-10-3. John and Hester DAVIS, twin son and dau. of 
John Davis, of Ogborne. 

1675-10-12. Hester DAVIS, dau. of John Davis, of Ogborne. 

1681-6-11. John DUCKET, son of Thomas and Mary Ducket, 
of Swinden. 

1689-12-23. Jane DANIELL, dau. of Andrew and Eliz : Daniell, 
of Corsham. 

1691-12-7. Mary DANIELL, dau. Oi r Andrew and Elizabeth 
Daniell, of Corsham Meeting. 

1692-8-25. Jane DAVIS, dau. of John, Jun., and Elizabeth 
Davis, of Nettleton. 

1694-4-12. Thomas DEViNE 1 , son of John and Elizabeth Devine, 
of Nettleton. 

1695-9-26. At Fovent Stroud, Robt. DAY, son of Osmond 
and Elizabeth Day, of Fovent Stroud, cooper. 

1695-9-27. Rebecca DANIEL, dau. of Andrew and Elizabeth 
Daniel, of Hartham, Corsham ph. 

1695-11-6. John DAVICE, son of John and Elizabeth Davice, of 
Nettleton. 

1695/6-11-6. John DEVINE, son of John and Elizabeth Devine, 
of Nettleton. 

1697-7-28. Mary DAVICE, dau. of John and Elizabeth Davice, 
of Nettleton. 

1698-3-7. Andrew DANIELL, son of Andrew and Elizabeth 
Daniell, of Hartham, Corsham ph. 



1 Alexander DEVINE, F.R.G.S., of Clayesmore School, Enfield, Middx., 
tells me he believes the DEVINES came originally from France, probably, as 
DEVIGNES, and then settled in Ireland. He does not trace any connexion 
with this Wiltshire family. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 319 



1699-3-7. Hannah DARK, dau. of John and Mary Dark, of 
West Kington. 

1699-12-18. Rachel DAY, dau. of Osmond and Elizabeth Day, 
of Fovant Stroud. 

E. 

1664-8-30. Thomas ELLKOCK, son of Thomas Ellkock. 
1667-12-6. John ELLKOCK, son of Thomas Ellkock. 

1667/8-1-23. Benjamin EDWARDS, son of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1670-11-21. Edward EDWARDS, son of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1673-5-31. Samuell EDWARDS, son of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1673-10-30. Anna EMMET, dau. of James Emmet, of Langly. 
1673/4-10-21. John EDWARD, son of Folke and Jane Edward. 

1674-8-30. John EDWARDS, son of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1677-2-1. James EDWARDS, son of John and Anne Edwards, 
of Bitstone. 

1677-5-20. Rebecca EDWARDS, dau. of Edw: Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1678-2-1. Mary and Elizabeth EDWARDS, twin dau. of John 
and Anne Edwards, of Bidstone. 

1678/9-12-26. Remote 1 EDWARDS, son [?] of Edward Edwards, 
of Brinkworth. 

1680-4-3. John EDWARDS, son of John and Ann Edwards, of 
Bidstone. 

1681/2-11-2. Edward EDWARDS, son of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1686-7-10. William EDWARDS, son of Francis and Mary 
Edwards, of Slaughterford Meeting. 

1688-5-3. Walter EDWARDS, son of Francis and Mary Edwards, 
of Slaughterford Meeting. 



L Query, son or dau. ? The London copy does not determine the sex by 
use of these words. The name does not re-appear. The EDWARDS family, 
living round Biddiston, Notion, Brinkworth, must have been a large one, 
there being record of 36 births between 1667 and 1734, and 38 deaths 
between 1672 and 1819. The name also appears in the Gloucestershire Records 
as connected with Cirencester. 



320 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1688-10-22. Sarah EDWARDS, dau. of Edward Edwards, of 
Brinkworth. 

1691-7-15. John EDWARDS, son of Francis and Mary Edwards, 
of Slaughterford Meeting. 

1693-10-11. William EDWARDS, son of Francis and Mary 
Edwards, of Slaughterford Meeting. 

1695/6-12-14. Elizabeth EDWARDS, dau. of Francis and Mary 
Edwards, of Bidiston. 

1696/7-1-8. Robert EDWARDS, son of Francis and Mary 
Edwards, of Bidiston [Slaughterford Meeting]. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Tottenham, Middx. 

(To be continued.} 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 258.) 



HENRY VIII (continued}. 

296. Anno 37. William Wenman and Thomas Wenman, 
junr., gen., and Walter Chanyton alias Shangilton, gen. ; 
manor of Shalborne Westecourte, messuages and lands in 
Shalborne Westecourt. ^207. 

297. Anno 37. Christopher Willoughby, arm., and John 
Mervyn, arm., and Johanna his wife ; manors of Westknoyle 
alias Knoyle, Odyerne, and Struggs, messuages and lands in 
Westknoyle alias Knoyle, Oderne, and Struggs. ^620. 

298. Anno 37. William Button, gen., and Fulke Grevill, 
knt., & Lady Elizabeth his wife; manor of Cowlston, messu- 
ages and lands in Cowlston. ,260. 

299. Anno 37. Matthew King and Thomas Malarde 
alias Malyard ; messuages and lands in Malmesbury, Broken- 
borough, Milbourn, Burton, and Thurnehull. ^100. 

300. Anno 38. John Bekynham and Edward Twynyhoo, 
and Edith, his wife ; messuages and lands in the Highstreet, 
in the parish of Saint Thomas in New Sarum. ^80. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 321 

301. Anno 37. John Warneford & Anthony Pen, and 
Thomas Seymour, knt., and Andrew Baynton, arm.; manors of 
Bromeham, Bremehill, Stanley, Rowdon, Whitley, Shawe, and 
Whaddon, messuages and lands in Bromeham, Bromehill, 
Stanley, Rowdon, Whitley, Shawe, Whaddon, Rowde, 
Canning Epis., Bulkyngton, Hedyngton, Calston, Cheryell, 
Calne, Blacklands, Studhill, Stockley, Loxhill, Sperthill, 
Caddenham, Foxham, Cowiche, Chyppenham, Lacoke, Chyt- 
towe, Doveton, Corseham, Melkysham, Benacre, Hilpirton, 
and Throwbryge, with advowson of the churches of Bromeham, 
Bremehill, Whaddon, and Stanley. 

302. Anno 38. Nicholas Woode and Alan Lee and 
Francis Englefyld and Katherine his wife, manor of Hynton 
alias Henton. ,200. 

303. Anno 38. Edward Baynton, gen., and Andrew 
Baynton, arm. ; manors of Chapmanslade, Godysfeld, Berwyk, 
Bassett, Wroghton, and Chesyngbury, messuages and lands 
in Chapmanslade, Godysfeld, Berwyk, Bassett, Wroghton, and 
Chesyngbury. ^440. 

304. Anno 38. Robert Keylway, gen., and Andrew 
Baynton, arm. ; manors of Winterslow, Escott, Chelworth, and 
Crudwell, messuages and lands in Winterslowe, Escott, Chel- 
worth and Crudwell. 700 marks. 

305. Anno 38. John Lambard and John Pope, gen. ; 
messuages and lands in Hurdecote, Wenelsford alias Welnes- 
ford, and Lake, rectory of Shreveton, as well as advowson and 
presentation of the vicarage of Shreveton. 400 marks. 

306. Anno 38. John Blatehytt alias Blathet and 
Laurence Edmundys alias Edmondys, of the city of New 
Sarum ; messuages and lands in New Sarum. 100 marks. 

307. Anno 38. Robert May and John Bonham, arm. ; 
lands in Broughton Gifford, and a close called Crokes Croft in 
Broughton Gifford. 40. 

308. Anno 38. George Percy, gen., and Thomas Dyn- 
ham, arm. ; manor of Sealesaylesbury ; messuages and lands 
in Sealsaylesbury. ^400. 



322 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



309. Anno 38. John Stokys and Robert Wylkyns ; 
messuages and lands in Waremester. ^39. 

310. Anno 38. Thomas Long and Stephen Ingram and 
Agnes his wife; messuages and lands in Semyngton. ^14. 

311. Anno 38. William Button and James Chatreton, 
gen., and Agnes his wife ; manor of Manton, messuages and 
lands in Manton and Presshat. ,200. 

312. Anno 38. Michael Skotte and Edmund Walwyn, 
gen., and Matilda his wife ; manor of Combs, messuages and 
lands in Great Ambrysbury. 200. 

313. Anno 38. John Bennatt and John Strognell and 
John Besaunt and Agnes his wife, and Thomas Besaunt, son 
and heir of John and Agnes ; messuages and lands in Midelton, 
Est Winterslow and West Winterslowe. 

314. Anno 38. Edward Nicholason and Thomas Cobbe 
and Margaret his wife ; messuage and garden in New Sarum 
in New Street. 40 marks. 

EDWARD VI. 

315. Anno i. Thomas Jacobs and William Mogeridge, 
gen., & Johanna his wife ; messuages and lands in New Sarum. 

;lOO. 

316. Anno i. John Asteley, jun., arm., and John Butler, 
arm., and Silvestrias his wife ; manor of Nettylton, messuages 
and lands in Nettylton with advowson of the church of Nettyl- 
ton. ^533 sterling. 

317. Anno i. George Crede and Henry Crede; messu- 
ages and lands in Mylton, Est Knoyll, alias Bysshops knoyle. 
;8o sterling. 

318. Anno i. Alexander Langford, gen., and Richard 
Kyrton, arm., and Elizabeth his wife, and Christofer Kyrton, 
gen. ; a rental of 26 shillings and eight pence in Trowbridge. 
40 marks. 

319. Anno i. William Herbert, knight, and Anna his 
wife, and Henry Clyford, arm.; manor of Burdens Batle alias 
Burdens Batle, messuages and lands in South Newton, Wilton, 
and Fulton. ^300 sterling. 



Some Wiltshire Wives. 323 

320. Anno i. Geoffrey Dormer and Walter Shangulton 
and Elizabeth his wife ; messuages and lands in Shawborne, 
and Westbedwyn. ^220 sterling. 

321. Anno i. William Harbarde, knt., and Edward 
Darell, knt. ; manor of Knyghton, messuages and lands in 
Knyghton, and Chawke. 

322. Anno i. John Scott and John Mychell, gen., and 
Katherine his wife, and Richard Beremylham, gen., and Anna 
his wife ; messuages and lands in Hedynton Swyke, near the 
parish of Hedyngton, and in Erode near the parish of Calston. 
nc [?] marks. 

323. Anno i. William Kerite and John Bawdwyn and 
Anne his wife, John Mussell and Johanna his wife ; messuages 
and lands in New Sarum. 80 marks. 

324. Anno i. John Redman and Edward Clements, 
otherwise called Edward Broun ; messuages and lands in 
Wilton and suburbs. 40 marks. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.) 



SOME WILTSHIRE WIVES. 

[Temp. Elizabeth.] 



The statute alluded to in the below quoted documents was 
"the Bill for great Horses" 33 Henry VIII, cap. 5, 6. 
" If the wife of any person or persons were any velvet in the 
lining or other part of her gown other than in the cuffs or 
purfels of her gown, or else were any velvet in her kirtell, or 
were any petticoat of silk, that then the husband of every such 
wife shall find one stoned horse of the stature above in this 
act recited [in height ' xiiij handfullis'] or shall incur the 
abovesaid penalty and forfeiture of ten pounds." This statute 
was confirmed by an " Act for the having of Horse Arnmur 

7. 2 



324 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

and Weapon", 4 and 5 Philip and Mary, cap. 2, 3, passed like 
the first "for the better furniture and defence of this Realm". 
Here it was enacted that every person who " by reason that 
his wife should wear such kind of apparell or other thing", 
specially mentioned in the statute 33 Henry VIII, was re- 
quired to find one great stoned trotting horse, shall keep and 
maintain a gelding able and meet for a light horseman, with 
sufficient harness and weapon for the same, under the penalty 
of ;io, half of which was forfeit to the king and queen, and 
half to the person sueing for the same in any Court of Record 
by bill, plaint, action of debt or information. By the same act 
the Justices of the peace were directed to enquire of defaulters 
against the statute. The wearing of velvet was in these cases 
of course taken as a sign of the husbands being sufficiently 
prosperous to afford the costs of the gelding and weapons. 

EXCHEQUER, Q. R. COMMISSIONS. WILTS. 

[Elizabeth, No. 2469. x ] 

TTT ) Inquysycyon Indented taken at the Cytye of New 

i Sarum, yn the Countye of Wiltsh. Before Thomas 
Carter, Maior of the Cytye of New Sarum, and John Hooper 
[?] by vertue of the Quenes Maiestyes Comysyon to them and 
others dyrected and hervnto anexed the Syxtenth daye of 
December, yn the fyveth yere of the Raigne of our Soueraigne 
Ladye Elizabeth, by the grace of God, of England, Fraunce, 
and of Irelande, Quene, defender of the fayth, &c. By the 
othes of Anthonye Meekes, gentilman, George Wylton, gentil- 
man, John Eyer the younger, gentilman, Edmunde Weckwycke, 
gentilman, Roger Tanner, gentilman, John Eyer the elder, 
gentilman, John Venarde [?], gentilman, William Moggrydge, 
gentilman, Thomas Jaine, gentilman, Henrye Tyrell, Thomas 

B . . ston, Christofer Roger Grundye and William 

Smyth. Whyche doo saye vppon their othes that Braghtwood 
Robyns, the wyff of John Robyns, of the Cytye of New Sarum 

1 Slightly abbreviated from the original. 



Some Wiltshire Wives. 32 3 

aforesayd, in the Countye aforesayd, clothyer, the syxe and 
twentyeth daye of September laste paste, in the Cytye of New 
Sarum aforsayd, yn the Countye aforesayd, dyde weare a 
gowne commonlye called a Kassocke of black cloth, w th a cape 
of Blacke velvett yn the same gowne, the sayed John Robyns, 
her husband, at the sayed sixe and twentyeth daye of Septem- 
ber, not havynge fendinge kepynge nor maynteynyng of his 
owne proper costes and expences one geldinge, able and mete 
for a light horseman, w th suffycyant harnes and weapon for 
the same accordynge to the forme of the statutes yn suche 
case provyded. Item they saye vppon their othes that 
Elizabeth Jefferey, the wyff of John Jeffereye, of the same 
Cytye, mercer, lyckwyse the thyrtyth daye of September, now 
also laste paste, in the Cytye aforesayed, dyde yn lycke manner 
weare a Gowne commonlye called a Kassocke, of black clothe, 
w th a cape of Blacke velvett in the same gowne, the sayde 
John Jeftereyes, her husband, at the sayed thyrtyth daye of 
September, not havyng fyndyng, kepyng, nor maynteynynge, 
&c. (as before]. Item they do lyckewyse present vppon theyr 
othes that Johane Rychardes, the wyffe of Davyd Rychardes, 
of the same Cytye, glover, lyckewyse the seven and twentythe 
daye of September, now also laste paste, at the Cytye afore- 
sayed, dyde in lycke manner weare a gowne commonlye called 
a kassocke of Russet cloth, with a cape of Black velvett, yn 
the same gowne, the sayed Davyd Rychardes, her husbande, 
&c., &c. [as before]. Item they also present vppon theyr othes 
that Marye Tyler, the wyff of Thomas Tyler, of the Cytye 
aforesayed, yeoman, lickewyse the sayed seven and twentyeth 
daye of September now also laste paste, at the Cyttye afore- 
sayde, dyd yn lycke manner weare a gowne commonlye called 
a Kassocke of Russet clothe, a cape of blacke velvett, yn the 
same gowne, the sayed Thomas Tyler, &c., &c. [as before]. 
Item they do lickewyse present vppon theyr oaths that 

the- wyff of John Webbe, of the same 

Cyttye, gentylman, lyckewyse the thyrde daye of October 
now laste paste, at the Cyttye aforesayed, dyd yn lycke 



326 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

manner weare a gowne commonly called a Kassocke, of blacke 
clothe, with a cape of blacke velvett in the same gowne. And 
also one kyrtell of Black .... with a yarde of Black velvett 
vppon the same kyrtell, the sayed John Webbe, her husband, 
&c., &c. [as before]. Item they do also present vppon theyr 
othes that Katheryne Webbe, the wyfe of William Webbe, 
of the same Cyttye .... lyckewyse the sayed thyrde daye 
of October now also laste paste, at the Cyttye aforesayd, dyd 
yn lycke manner weare a gowne commonlye called a Kassock 
of Black clothe, w th a yarde of black velvett, vppon the same 
Kassock. And also one kyrtell of Blacke grogayne, w th a 
garde of blacke velvet vppon the same kyrtell, the same 
William Webbe, her husband, &c., &c. [as before]. Item they 
doo lyckewyse present [vppon theyr othes that Elizabeth 
Estcourte, the wife of Gyles Estcourte, of the same Cyttye, 
gentylman, lyckewyse the eyghtenthe daye of October now 
also laste paste, at the Cyttye aforesayed, dyd yn lycke manner 
weare one kyrtell of Blacke worstede, w th a garde of velvet 
vppon the same kyrtell, the same Gyles Estcourt, her husband, 
&c., &c. [as before]. Item they doo also present vppon theyr 
othes that Sybyl Eyer, the wife of John Eyer the younger, of 
Sarum aforesayed, gentilman, lyckewyse the nyne and 
twentythe daye of September now also laste paste, at the 
Cyttye aforesayed, dyd in lycke manner weare a gowne com- 
monlye called a Cassock, of Blacke clothe, with a garde of 
blacke velvet vppon the same cassock, the sayed John Eyer, 
&c. And whether that the severall wyves of the severall 
persons before mencyoned be gyltye of the wearinge of the 
severall garmentes, w th those severall partes and parcelles of 
velvet before vppon them severally presented contrarye to the 
forme of the Statute yn that case provyded ye or not, the 
sayed Jurye doo praye the discharge and Judgement of the 
Justyces of the Quenes maiestyes honourable Courte of the 
Exchequer. Item they doo also present vppon theyr othes 
that Johane Mathew, the wyf of Edmund Mathew, of the 
Cytye aforesayd, merchant, lyckewyse the syxtenth [?] daye 



Some Wiltshire Wives. 327 

of December, now also laste paste, at the Cytey aforesayd, 
dyde yn licke manner weare a gowne, commonlye called a 
cassocke, of Russett cloth, with a cape of black velvet yn the 
same Gowne, the sayed Edmunde Mathew, her husband, then 
at the tyme of the wearinge of the sayed apparel not havynge 
fyndynge, kepynge, susteyninge and maynteyning of his owne 
proper costes and expences one gelding, able and mete for a 
light horseman, w th suffycyent harnes and weapon for the 
same. In Wyttenes wherof vnto thes presents, as well the 
commyssyoners as the Jurye aforesayed, have sett theyr 
severall handes and sealys .... [the daye and] yeare fyrste 
above wryten. 

IBID. [No. 2471.] 

Inquest taken at New Sarum, 15 January, 5 Elizabeth^ 
The wives presented were : 
Anne Auntrans [?], wife of John Auntrans, of West Knoyle, 

husbandman, 
wife of Sir John Myllord, of West Knoyle, 

clarke. 
wife of .Thomas Grene, of West Knoyle, 

Jhone Candell, wife of William Candle, of West Knoyle, .... 
who wore a cassock with a " welt of velvet." 

Briget Hunton, wife of William Hunton the younger, of 
East Knoyle, gentelman. 

Edyth Blackman, wife of Andrew Blackman, of East Knoyle, 
gentelman. 

Agnys Hayter, wife of John Hayter, of East Knoyle, husband- 
man. 

[The rest of the names are illegible.] 

IBID. [No. 2396.] 

Inquest taken at New Sarum, January, 5 Elizabeth. 
The wives presented were : 

the wife of William Walles, of Trowbridge. 
Agnes Flower, wife of Richard Flower, of Potterne, "wever," 



328 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Johane, the wife of William Longe, of Potterne, yeoman. 

the wife of John Cope, of Boxe, yeoman. 
Johan Levet, wife of John Levet, of Boxe, yeoman. 
Margaret Hurde, wife of William Hurde, of Worle [?], in the 

parish of Pottern, husbandman. 
Christian Wheler, the wife of Robert Wheler, of Waiston, in 

the parish of Pottarne, husbandman. 

[There are many more names belonging to the parishes 
above-mentioned and to other places, but they are illegible, as 
is the greater part of the last two documents.] 

E. MARGARET THOMPSON. 



ELLANDUNE. 



In Mr. Conybeare's valuable contribution to our knowledge 
of King Alfred (Al/red in the Chroniclers) he tells us that in 
the same year, A.D. 800, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor 
of Rome, and Egbert (Grandfather of Alfred) King of Wessex, 
but that " he had to wait 23 years before he was able to throw 
off the Mercian yoke, which he did in the great victory over 
Beornwulf King of Mercia at Ellandune, A.D. 823." Where is 
this Ellandune ? 
(i). Mr. Conybeare (note to p. 7) says it was probably 

Ellingham in S.W. Hampshire. 
(2). Mr. J. R. Green puts Ellandune at Wilton in his map 

(History of the English People, p. 45^). 

(3). It is supposed to be Allington near Amesbury in Bos- 
worth and Toller's A.-S. Dictionary. 
(4). Leland in his Itinerary says " Elendoun : quod est 

Worston " (vol. iii, p. 103). 

(5). 1 Canon Jackson and Canon Jones both say that Wroughton 
(anciently Worston), near Swindon, Wilts, is the 

1 Wiltshire Collections, Aubrey and Jackson, p. 367, and Jones' Domesday 
for Wilts. 



Ellandune. 329 



Ellandune of the A.-S. Charters, and the latter adds 
" see its land limits from Cod. Winton printed in 
Cod. Dip/. 1184." 

It is also called Elingdon Wroughton in Sarum Register, 

and Canon Jackson says " the most ancient name 

appears to be Elian-dun, the 'Hill of Ella'," and he 

goes on to repeat the story of Egbert's victory, and 

continues " some topographers suppose Ellandun, 

the scene of this battle, to have been at Wilton, 

but Mr. Offer finds no authority for this, and places 

the battle here. [Hoare's B. &> D., 57, 59.]" 

Mr. Conybeare's note (i) is open to this criticism. A place 

ending with ham is not likely to have been the same as one 

ending in tun and Ellingham in S. W. Hampshire is much 

too far from the boundary of Mercia and Wessex (i.e., the 

Thames), and this he acknowledges in a letter to me, in which 

he says " Ellingham always seemed to me unsatisfactory, both 

from its situation and termination, but it was better than 

Wilton." The same objection as to situation applies to 2 and 3. 

On the other hand, Canon Jackson's and Canon Jones' 

opinion that Ellendune of the A.-S. Charters is Wroughton, is 

confirmed by the fact that it is the ecclesiastical name of 

Wroughton to this day, and Leland's 1 note about the gift by 

King ALthelstan to the Church of Winchester of Ellendune 

"quodest Worston" points to the same conclusion. 

The Living of Wroughton was in the gift of Win- 
chester until the year 1852, when, by Order in Council, it 
passed into that of Gloucester and Bristol Diocese, and subse- 
quently to that of Bristol. 

The present Rector of Wroughton, the Rev. J. R. Turner, 
when the living was offered to him in 1875, found at Gloucester 
that there was no such place recorded as in the Bishop's 
patronage, but it was finally discovered by the Bishop's 
Secretary entered as Ellingdon sometimes called Wroughton. 

1 Leland's Itinerary, vol. iii, p. 103. 



330 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Mr. Turner also tells me he frequently has circulars 
addressed to him, Ellingdon or Wroughton. 

Sir T. Phillipps (Wilts Institutions) shows that the living 
was always called Elyndon till the year 1496, when the title 
Wroughton alias Elyndon first occurs. 

" Capel Elacombe in paroc Elyndon " is mentioned in 
1308 A.D. The place where this chapel stood was known 
till recent years, and the old Font is now preserved in the 
Rectory Garden, no other portions having been found ; 
this Chapel was dedicated to St. Maria, and the Lords 
Level presented to it from A.D. 1308-1448. 

Elyndon was held as a knight's fee by Geoffrey Bluett 
(see Wilts A. M., vol. ii, 279), from Walter de Dunstanville in 
1274, and by William and John Bluet in 1316 (IV. N. & Q., 
vol. iii, p. 50). 

The fortified Dun is the high ground above Wroughton 
on one side, and the Combe (Elcombe) on the other. The 
Church, the Rectory (old and new), and the Ivory obviously 
"an old fortress or dun, the present road running along the 
foss of it," are all within the old enclosure, and are on that 
first ridge of the Downland commanding the country below in 
which flows the Thames and its tributaries, " the ridge which 
extends from Compton Bassett by Clyffe, Binknoll and 
Ellendune to Chiseldon and Wanborough ; all of which places 
except the two first, have been probably the sites of entrench- 
ments and salient points for defence of the country," 1 and 
were subsidiary defences to the stronger line of fortresses, 
such as Barbury, Badbury, &c., which crown the higher land 
to the south, and it seems probable that here the battle of 
Ellendune was fought within sight of the boundary of Mercia 
and Wessex ; where, as the Rev. H. G. Tomkins, in a letter to 
me, says, "Wessex and Mercia would be far more likely to fight 
it out, than in either of the other places mentioned." 



1 See Barbury Castle, an address by N. S. Maskelyne, Wilts Arch. 
Mag., August 1886. 



Ellandune. 33 1 



The name " Ivory/' 1 (the field inside the fort) may mean 
Upper from A.-S. Yfera ; or it may have been taken from the 
title of the Lords Lovel of Yvery, to whom anciently much 
land in that neighbourhood belonged, and in whose gift was 
the presentation to the Chapel or Cantaria of Elcombe already 
mentioned. They were descended from the Lovels of Yvery in 
Normandy, who are known to have bestowed " perpetual 
alms " on the Abbots and Monks of Yvery from Minster Lovel 
in Oxfordshire, another part of their possessions. 2 

The origin of the name Ellandune, variously spelt in old 
documents Ellandune, Elendon, Elyndon, and as now Ellingdon, 
is of interest ; the prefix El occurs not only in Ellendun, but 
in Elcombe the combe below the Dun and in the river Ely, 
a tributary of the Thames, also close by, and is probably Celtic, 
as in Elan, the name of a river tributary of the Wye, " and the 
mountain region of Elenid, in which Giraldus places the 
sources of the Wye, the Severn, &c." In the Rolls Office 
Edition of " Giraldus " the spelling is Elenwyth and Elenwith. 3 

It also occurs in the name of the Hundred Elstubbe but 
that being an Anglo-Saxon word throughout, is probably of a 
more recent origin, representing the Ellen Elder, Stubbe= 
trunk, perhaps the moot-place, or boundary of the Hundred, 
as mentioned by Canon Jackson. 

The recurrence of this syllable El in the place-names of 
several Celtic localities and streams, and its association in this 
instance with an ancient dun, also a Celtic word, would seem 
to justify the attribution of a Celtic origin to Ellandune, the 
ancient name of Wroughton ; and considering the position of 
that place in relation to the Wessex-Mercian frontier, the 
Ellandune of North Wilts has the strongest claim to represent 
the scene of Egbert's victory in 823 A.D. 



See Wilts N. % Q., vol. i, p. 418. 

From Anderson's History of the House of Yvery. 

Descriptio Kambriai, pp. 119, 138, &c. 



332 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Another fact that merits enquiry is that the church of 
Wroughton, alias Ellingdon, has a double dedication, to St. 
John the Baptist and St. Helen. 

Miss Arnold Forster 1 thinks that this dedication "to St. 
Helen may have been a late addition, a relic of some long for- 
gotten chapel in honour of St. Helen, in the outlying hamlet of 
Elcombe ;" but from Phillipps' Wilts Institutions we learn 
that this chapel was in A.D. 1419 dedicated to S. Maria. More- 
over the feast day of Wroughton occurs on the first Monday 
after St. John Baptist's Day, old style (July 4th), and not on St. 
Helen's day (Aug. iSth), which as Miss Arnold Forster points 
out is really that of the obscure Saint Agapitus. 

Therefore, we must look further for a solution this 
question. Miss Arnold Forster goes on to say "It is one of 
the inexplicable anomalies of our national martyrologies that 
though the mother of Constantine was so extraordinarily 
popular in this country, her name is not to be found 
in the Kalendars of York, Salisbury, or Hereford." "A 
complete mythical history of St. Helena has been built 
up by Geoffrey of Monmouth and Henry of Huntingdon, 
according to whom she was the daughter of a shadowy British 
King." 

According to Rhys, 2 Elen, a name famous in Welsh 
mythology, happens to coincide with the form which the classical 
Helena takes in Welsh, thus the latter lady becomes in a Welsh 
translation Elen Fanawc. "But the Helen who led to the 
description of Peredur's wife as Empress of Constantine the 
Great, was doubtless Helen, the mother of Constantine the 
Great, and wife of Constantius," and, as hinted in his Hib. 
Lectures, p. 165, "Elen was the consort of no foreign potentate, 
but of the Zeus of the Celts in one of his native forms." 

These curious myths seem to point to some confusion 
between the Celtic Elen and the St. Helen of the church of 



1 Studies in Church Dedications, vol. i, p. 186-7, vol. ii, p. 518. 
2 Rhys, Arthurian Legends, p. 109. 



The Gibbet, Maddington. 333 

Ellandune; such as is known to occur in the case of other well- 
known church dedications, where the names of landowners 
have been corrupted into those of dedication Saints. 

Since writing the above paper on " Ellandune," I have 
heard from Miss Earle that in a note (on the entry for the year 
823) in the second volume of the new edition of Two Saxon 
Chronicles Parallel (Earle and Plummer), published at Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, 1899, Mr. Plummer says he originally identi- 
fied Ellendune with Allington, adding " but the Rev. C. S. 
Taylor writes to me that Ellandune is Wroughton, a few miles 
from Swindon, that Wroughton is called Ellingdon now, and a 
large part of its modern parish is included in the Domesday 
manor of Elendune." 

This is a most welcome corroboration of my views on the 

site of Egbert's victory. 

T. S. M. 



THE GIBBET, MADDINGTON. 



REGISTER, MADDINGTON, Co. WILTS. Page 61. 

"William Lawne, sonne of Giles Lawne, barbarously slaine neere 
ye Windemill, Sept. 2^rd, and buryed ye 2^th of ye same, 
1666." 

Canon Lowther informed me that the old clerk of Orches- 
ton St. George, whom he found in office when he took the 
Rectory in 1830, told him that the man who was murdered at 
the Gibbet, had taken a large sum of money at Warminster 
market. The ostler of the inn where he put up knew this, and 
after he had left Warminster followed him, and shot him at 
the place where the Gibbet now stands, making oft with 
the money. The murderer was apprehended, and hanged in 
chains at the crossways of the London and Warminster and 
Shrewton and Devizes tracks. Old people remembered the 
stump of the Gibbet when I came to Maddington, and there is 
still a tradition that where it stood, " on a place like a grave 



334 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

(which I could never find) nothing will grow." Canon Lowther 
told me that the story was stated to him by the clerk in 
Orcheston St. George churchyard, who pointed out a place to 
him, saying, " And here, sir, lies the man that heard the shot 
fired." The Canon had no idea that it took place so long ago 
as the entry in Maddington Register Book proves it did, and 
he believed that the clerk claimed to have known the man who 
heard the shot fired. F. B. 



Comes de Elendune. In connexion with the above 
Notes on Ellandune I should like to ask who was the " Comes 
de Elendune," mentioned by Leland in his Collectanea, vol. i, 
67, in a passage where he says " Wulstanus comes de Elen- 
dune id est Wiltonae " ? 

There is no mention of this title of Wulstanus in con- 
nexion with Wilton in Canon Jones' Domesday for Wiltshire. 

T. S. M. 



Lady Close. Can anyone throw light upon this field 
name ? C. V. G. 



Flemings in Wilts. Mrs. Emma Marshall, in her last 
novel, p. 274, The Parson's Daughter, describing the Bradford- 
on-Avon riots in the beginning of this century, states that the 
Flemish operators went in fear of their lives because they 
refused to strike. Were there any Flemings living there as 
late as this ? She also speaks of the quaint Flemish-looking 
houses in Bradford Market Place ; has she any authority for 
this ? It has often been stated that one of the Edwards and 
Henry VII planted Flemings at Seend, but I have never 
seen any authority for this ; if it is true it might be possible 
to get the names of the original settlers. Is there any published 
list of Flemish names in Wiltshire ? A. J. S. 



Stokes Pedigree. 335 



Stokes Pedigree. Some years ago this pedigree (of 
Stokes of Seend, Titherton, and Stanshawe), then in the 
possession of Dr. Adrian Stokes, was printed in Dr. Howard's 
Miscellanea ; where is the original now ? Are the following 
in any way connected with this family : John Stokes, Esq., 
of South wark and Banbury, will proved 1424; John Stokys, of 
Romney, will proved 1405; John Stokys, Rector of Gyslyng- 
ham, will proved 1407 ; John Stoakes, Captain R.N. 1653 ? 

IBEX. 



Tan Hill (vol. ii, pp. 535-7; vol. iii, pp. 188-9, 240). I 
do not know why " Wiltoniensis " thinks Tanngate has any- 
thing to do with the question about St. Ann's Hill ; I cannot 
find that any church (or part of the Cathedral) was dedicated 
to St. Ann in Salisbury (see Wilts Archceolog. Mag., x, xv). 

T. S. M. 

William Edington (vol. iii, p. 214). Lord Campbell, in his 
Lives of the Lord Chancellors, says that in 1362 this prelate 
carried through Parliament the famous statute (36 Ed. 3, c. 15) 
whereby it was enacted that all pleadings and judgments in 
the Courts of Westminster should in future be in English . . . 
and that all schoolmasters should teach their scholars to con- 
strue in English the author adds, although the French lan- 
guage no longer enjoyed any legal sanction .... it continued 
to be voluntarily used by legal practitioners down to the middle 
of the 1 8th century. 

Mr. Leach, in his admirable History of Winchester College, 
in the face of many previous writers, asserts that there is no 
evidence for Wykeham being in the service of, or owing his 
rise to Edington he quotes the act of attorney (see above, p. 
215) as "merely a case of a lawyer acting for both sides in a 
conveyance" and goes on to say that " it is conclusive against 



336 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Edingdon being his patron, that among the numerous patrons 
and benefactors for whose souls special prayers were directed 
in his College, Chapels, and Cathedral Chantry he is not once 
mentioned." We see, however, that Edington mentions him 
in his Will amongst the first three of his numerous legatees, 
bequeathing him a very valuable jewel, and that Mackenzie 
Walcott gives the dates and places where he received various 
Holy Orders from Edington. 

EDITOR. 



Baynton Monument (vol. iii, p. 242). Perhaps the con- 
nexion between the Gaunt and Baynton families may be a 
probable clue to the reason for placing this Monument in the 

Gaunt or St. Mark's Chapel. 

G. P. T. 



Johanne de Gennes, Prioress of Amesbury (vol. iii, pp. 
264, 265). I find that, in my paper read at Amesbury, and 
published in the Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, I have 
fallen into an error in giving 1294 as the equivalent of the 6th 
March, 25 Edward I (the date of the inspeximus), which arose 
in this way. The letters patent of Margaret, Abbess of 
Fontevraud, recited in the inspeximus, are clearly dated 1294 
"Bonn le Dimanche que 1'an chanta en Sainte Yglyse, 
' Cantate Domino laudem,' 1'an de Grace mil, deus cenz, quatre 
vinz e quatorze," Having made a note of that date, I mistook 
it for the date of the inspeximus, and forgot to reduce the latter 
to the year A.D. which is, of course, 1297. 

However, I do not think that this affects, in any way, the 
date at which Johanne de Gennes became Prioress of Amesbury, 
which appears to me to be 1294, the date of the letters patent, 
as the document from Rymer's Foedera (printed at page 266) 
shows that, prior to the Parliament held at Leicester, which 
gave the temporalities of the alien priories to King Henry V, 
the King's assent to the election or appointment of a prioress 
was not required. C. H. TALBOT. 

Lacock Abbey. 







SIR WILLIAM HUDDESF1ELD AND KATHERINE COURTENAY, HIS WIFE, 
SHILLINGFORD CHURCH, DEVON. 




Jlotes auti 

DECEMBER, 1900. 



ROGERS-COURTENAY-HUDDESFIELD, OF BRADFORD-ON- 

AYON, WILTS; CANNINGTON, SOMERSET; AND 

SHILLINGFORD, DEVON. 




?/ HIS descent, founded at Bradford-on-Avon, subse- 
quently by migration to Cannington in Somerset, 
and by a second marriage to Shillingford in Devon, 
contains features of considerable interest. 

lic*maa ^logevB, of Bradford-on-Avon, 
Wilts, Serjeant-at-Law, is the first member of the family 
mentioned in Visit, Som. 1623. 

He appears to have married, first, <.ecUirt, daughter and 
heir of William Bessils, of Bradford. By her he had two sons, 
William and John. 

William Rogers, eldest son, married Johanna, daughter of 
John Horton, of Ilford, Wilts. He is mentioned in the will of 
his stepmother (Katherine Courtenay) thus : " / bequethe to 
William Rogers of Bradford, gent., son of the said Thomas 
Rogers, a standyng cup of silver and gilt, with a cover of 
dragons' wings." He left two sons, Anthony and Henry, and 

two daughters, Cecily and Awdrie. Anthony, who married, 

A A 



338 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Dorothea, a daughter of Ernely, of Cannings, Wilts, left three 
sons, Anthony, who married Anna, daughter of Thomas 
Wroughton, of Broughton, Hants, Richard, Ambrose, and 
a daughter Elizabeth, married to William Cavell, of Bath. 

John Rogers, his brother, was probably of Sutton-Valence, 
Kent. In her will his step-mother adds: "To his {William's) 
brother John Rogers, a Jlatt cup of silver white, with a cover of 
my own Arms." Nothing further is recorded of this brother. 

Secondly, he made a distinguished match, and married 
^rttljevine, daughter of Sir Philip Courtcnay, of Powder- 
ham, Devon, knt., ob. 16 Dec. 1463, by Elizabeth, daughter of 
Walter Lord Hunger ford, K.G., who ob. 14 Dec. 1476 and 
she, Katherine, was sister to Peter Courtenay, Bishop of 
Exeter and Winchester. 

At the time of her marriage to Thomas Rogers, she was 
the relict of Sir Seintclere Pomcroy, knt., son and heir of 
Henry de Pomeroy, ob. 1481, by Alice, daughter of John 
Raleigh, of Fardell, Devon. Sir Seintclere, died in the life- 
time of his father, 31 May 1471, s.p. 

By her he appears to have had one son, George. The 
date of his death does not appear. In his wife's will she directs 
"the churchwardens of Bradford, Wilts, to take my wryten 
Mass-Book to pray for the souls of me, and of Thomas Rogers, 
sometyme my husband, and Serjeant at the Lawe, and, I will 
that there be a stone laid upon hym my said husband at Bradford 
aforesaid." 

Qk'oviie l^ogevs, son and heir, aged thirty at his mother's 
death. He is described as of Lopit (Luppit), Devon. This is 
a parish near Honiton, in which Mohuns-Ottery is situate, 
the seat of the Carews, whose occupant at the time was Sir 
Edmund Carew, who had married his half-sister, Katherine 

Huddesfield. He married lifabetlj , by whom he 

had a son Edward, and two daughters, Katherine, to whom her 
grandmother bequeathed " twenty marks in money," and Eliza- 
beth^ daughter " of the same George my sonne" who, with her 
father she constitutes two of her residuary legatees. 



Rogers-Courtenay-Huddesfield. 339 



<S>bnmtrbr 3o0er#, Jtnt., son and heir. His name 
appears among those, " to the nombre of 40, that were ad- 
vanced to the honorable Ordre of Knighthood in the happy 
reigne of Kinge Edward the Sixt, dubbed by the Kinge on 
Sonday the day of his coronation the 20 of February 1546"; 
his arms described as Argent, a chevron between three stags 
passant sable, a mullet or for difference. Crest A stag passant 
sable plate'e, attired and ducally gorged. (Metcalfe). 
He was the first of Cannington, Somerset, and the Rev. 
Thomas Hugo, in his " History of Canyngton Priory," Som. 
Arch. Trans., vol. xi, says : 

"In the 3oth year of his reign, 1538, the King Henry VIII, ' of his 
special grace, and in consideration of good, true and faithful service,' 
granted to Edward Rogers, who had been in possession, as farmer, of 
the property, the whole House and site of the late Priory of Cannyngton, 
in the County of Somerset, and all the church, bell-tower, and cemetery 
of the late said Priory. And also all messuages, houses, buildings, 
gardens, orchards, &c., near the site of the said Priory, also all the 
manor and rectory of Cannyngton, nomination and presentation to the 
Vicarage whensoever vacant, &c., all messuages and lands, &c., situate 
in Cannyngton, Powlett, Stowey, and Ffedyngton, Somerset, or else- 
where whatever ; to be held by the said Edward Rogers, and heirs male 
of his body lawfully begotten, in chief, by the service ot a tenth part of 
one knight's fee, and a yearly rent of \(> 8,y. lod. The grant dated 8 
May 1538." 

The Priory was of the order of Benedictine Nuns, and 
some very interesting remains of the structure still exist, 
and a few fragments of sepulchral memorials to the Nuns. 

He married |fttrtvia daughter and coheir of ..... 
Lisley or Lisle, co. Hants. By her he had two children, George 
and Elizabeth, married to Thomas Bamfield, of Hardington, 
Somerset. 

gjiv (&eov$e Rogers, son and heir, of Cannington. 
His name appears among the twenty-two knights "dubbed 
in the progresse to Bristowe, 1574," which included several 
other Somersetshire gentlemen. He married |*am daughter 
and heir of Thomas (or Edward) Winter, and left a son 

Francis. 

A A 2 



34 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



gtttr ^rancts ^ogetrs, son, and heir of Cannington. 
A "Sr. Francis Rogers, Somerset, was made knight at Wood- 
stocke, 28 Aug. 1616." He married geletta, daughter of 
Sir Hugh Smith, Knt., of Long Ash ton, Somerset, by Elizabeth 
his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Gorge, of Langford, Wilts. 
They left a son Edward. 

(JBfcnmtrh $ct$er0, son, and heir of Cannington. He 
married ^atljevitte, daughter of Sir John Popham, Lord 
Chief Justice of England. 

He appears to have been the last of the family who held 
the Cannington estate, which had been in their possession a 
hundred and thirty-four years, and passed from them at his 
death as its last male descendant, owing to the natural and in 
no way unusual circumstance, that his children consisted of 
daughters only, and as a consequence, under the original 
condition of the grant, it reverted to the Crown. This Mr. 
Hugo proceeds to narrate, accompanied by one of those extra- 
vagant and unwarranted commentaries as to the alleged cause, 
which occasionally deform the investigations of this pains- 
taking writer. 

" The property at Canyngton remained in the possession ot the 
family of Rogers until the year 1672. Intestine feuds had bitterly cursed 
the doomed race (i.e., for being in possession of what had been " church " 
property) when ' the estate tayle of the sayde Edward Rogers deter- 
mined by the failure of his issue male, on or about the 2nd day ot the 
month of September, 1672.' The sin attracted the usual judgment. 
The land reverted to the Crown, and was granted by Charles II, on the 
1 5th July, 1672, to Thomas, Lord Clifford." 

This "eminent man" (who 'was a Roman Catholic), con- 
tinues Mr. Hugo, was raised to the peerage 20 April, and 
made Lord High Treasurer in November, in the same year in 
which he had received the grant of Cannington. He held the 
property about a year only, dying toward the close of the 
following year, but Mr. Hugo makes no allusion as to the 
" usual judgment." Lord Clifford's descendants continue to 
possess it. 



Rogers-Courtenay-Huddesfield. 341 

From Collinson we learn that, on the south wall of the 
chancel of the church is an ancient monument of alabaster 
thus inscribed : 

Amy, second daughter of Edward Rogers, of Cannington, Esq., in 
the Countie of Somersett, and Katherine his wife, daughter of Sir 
John Popham, knight, Lord Chief Justice of England; the beloved wife 
of Henry Saint Barbe, of Ashington, in the same county, Esq., died 
Ario Dni 1621, aged 33 / whose piotis life warrants her eternal happiness 
with Christ. 

Arms Paly of eight argent and sable, per fess counter changed 
(Si. BARBE) impaling Rogers. 

We have now to revert to the third alliance of Katherine 
Courtenay. 

Katherine Courtenay, surviving her second husband, 
Thomas Rogers, married thirdly, Sir William Huddesfield, knt. 

He is described as being the grandson of William Hud- 
desfield, of Honiton, and son of William Huddesfield, of 
Shillingford, near Exeter, by his wife, Alice, daughter of John 
Golde, of Seaborough, Somerset, who died before 1427. 

He was of Shillingford, and Dr. Oliver, speaking of him, 
says : 

"I have seen a deed dated 21 April 1481, by which this learned 
gentleman, describing himself as Attorney-General of King Edward IV, 
assigns and releases to Peter Courtenay, Bishop of Exeter 1478-1487 
(his wife's brother), to Robert Morton, Master of the Rolls, and others, 
the manor ot Shillingford, the advowson of its church, and of St. Mary 
Steps' church, Exeter." 

The tangle of marital relationship in this descent is very 
remarkable. 

Sir William Huddesfield, had married as his first wife 
Jennet, daughter of John Bosom, of Bosom's Hele, Devon. 
He was her second husband, she being relict of Sir Baldwin 
Fulford, knt., of Fulford in Dunsford, Sheriff of Devon, 1460, 
by whom she had Sir Thomas, son and heir, ob. 1489 (who 
married Philippa Courtenay, sister to her second husband's 
second wife), John, canon of Exeter, ob. 1518, Thomazine, 
married to Thomas Wise, of Sydenham, Devon, and Anne, to 
Sir William Gary, of Cockington, Devon, beheaded after the 
battle of Tewkesbury, 1471. 



342 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

By Sir William Huddesfield, Katharine Courtenay-Rogers, 
appears to have had two daughters, Elizabeth and Katherine. 
Genealogists have differed as to the assignment of the mother 
of Elizabeth, but the remarkable clause in her will as to this 
daughter, and the appearance of two daughters on the brass, 
apparently confirms that she was mother of both. 

Elizabeth Huddesfield, eldest daughter, she married Sir 
Anthony Poyntz, of Iron Acton, Gloucestershire, who died 26 
Henry VIII, 1535. In her (presumed) mother's will is this 
conditional bequest : 

"My daughter Elizabeth Poyntz to have all such stuff as remaineth 
in my place at Britporte (Bridport), as in a bill made and subscribed 
by me, is specified and declared, so that the said Elizabeth and her 
husband Sir Anthony Poyntz, &*c., &c. If they vex, or trouble my 
Ex'ors, 1 give it to my son George" 

Katherine Huddesfield, second daughter, she married Sir 
Edmund Carew, Baron Carew, of Mohuns-Ottery, Luppit, 
Devon, he was knighted at Bosworth, and killed at Terouenne, 
24 June, 5 Henry VIII, 1514. She predeceased her husband 
and her mother, her will being proved at Lambeth 6 July 1499, 
and this would account for no mention of her in her mother's 
will. 

Sir William Huddesfield died 20 March, 1499. Dame 
Katherine, his wife, her will dated 21 Nov. 1510, proved 1514. 
In addition to the bequests before recited, she first desires : 

" My body to be buried in the Church of the Grey Friars, Exeter, 
before St. Francis, beside the High Awter" And in conclusion names 
as "residuary legatees, George Rogers my sonne, Edward Rogers his 
son and heir apparent, and Elizabeth, daughter of the said George" 

But it is probable she was buried at Shillingford with her 
husband ; in which church there is now, on the north side of 
the chancel, a plain high tomb, with cover stone of grey 
marble, round whose verge is an indent for an inscription, 
now lost. Over the tomb, affixed to the wall, is a brass, 
whereon, depicted under a double canopy, are the figures of a 
knight and lady, with a son and two daughters. 



Rogers- Courtenay-Huddesfield, 



343 



The knight is in armour, with sword and spurs. He is 
bare-headed, and wears over his armour a tabard, on which is 
embroidered the arms of Huddesfield Argent, a fess between 
three boars passant sable, on the fess a crescent for difference. 
He kneels before a prie dieu, on which is an open book, and on 
the floor by his side lie his gauntlets, and helmet with 
mantling and crest, a boar rampant. The lady kneels in the 
other canopy behind the knight. She has the pedimental 
head dress arid lappets, gown, ornamented girdle, with de- 
pendant pomander. Over this she wears a robe of estate, on 
which is her arms, Or, three torteaux a label of three, for 
Courtenay. Behind her kneels her only son by her second 
husband, George Rogers, and following them her two daughters 
by Sir William Huddesfield, in similar costume to their 
mother, Elizabeth Poyntz, and Katherinc Carew. 

Below is this inscription, the abbreviations of the Latin 
extended : 

Conditor et Redemptor, carport's et anime 

Sit michi medicus et custos utriusque. 

Dame Kateryn ye wife of Sr Willid Huddesfeld 

&> doughf of S'r Phil' Courtnay kny'kt. 

In the centre of the cover-stone of the tomb is a shield 
with the arms of Huddesfield impaling Courtenay. 

When Westcote, in 1630, 
visited the church, he noted this 
inscription, which was probably on 
the ledger line round the table of 
the tomb, and has since disap- 
appeared : 

"Here lieth Sir William Huddi- 
ffeild, knight, Attorney- general to King 
Edward IV, and of the Council to King 
Henry VII, and Justice of Oyer and 
Determiner; which died the loth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord, 1499. On 
whose soul Jesus have mercy, Amen. Honor Deo et Gloria" 




344 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



And further observes : 

"In a window over his picture, in glass, " Hi ires sunt mihi <>pes, 
Jhesus, Maria, Johannes." Over the head of her picture, " Quce peperit 
florem, det nobisfloris odorem." Under both their pictures" Orate pro 
bono statu Willihemi Huddesfeild militts et Katharince uxoris ejus." 

These " pictures " have disappeared, and Westcote speaks 
also of some shields of arms. These have been preserved and 
carefully reinstated, in this secluded, well-kept, little church ; 
and are found in the south chancel window, i. Courtenay, 




impaling, Sable, two bars and in chief three roundels, argent, 
(HUNGERFORD) for Lady Katherine's mother. 2. Or, three 
lions passant sable, (CAREW) impaling Huddesfield, for her 
daughter Katherine's alliance. 3. Huddesfield, impaling, Azure, 
three bird-bolts in pale, points downward or ( BOSOM) for the 
first wife of Sir William. 4. Quarterly, i and 4, Huddesfield, 
2, Courtenay, 3, Gules, a chevron argent (FULFORD), for 
his first wife's first husband. 



Rogers-Courtenay-Huddesfield. 345 

Sir William Huddesfield built the tower of the church, and 
on its west front are three sculptured panels, with arms and 
labels, but greatly denuded. On the first is Huddesfield impaling 
Courtenay, with supporters a boar and dolphin, in the sinister 
spandrel, the three sickles interlaced, of Hungerford, 
inscription on the label indistinguishable. The second shield 
and label quite denuded. The third shows traces of arms as 

on the first, and the words " Spes mea Marea " is all 

that is decipherable on the label. 

The church, Dr. Oliver observes, "is often described in 
the episcopal registers as " Capella vel Capella curata" is 
dedicated to St. George, and was probably at first a domestic 
chapel of the Shillingfords." The manor and advowson was 
purchased by John Southcote of the daughters and coheiresses 
of Sir William, his gravestone is inscribed : 

"John Southcote, Esquyer, sometymes Lord and Patron of 
this Church, who departed this present life the 6 day of September, 
Ano Ui MCCCCCLVI? 

The transfer, in the deed previously mentioned, to Bishop 
Peter Courtenay, (his wife's brother) and others, was probably 
temporary only, and for trusteeship purposes. 

The seal of Sir Philip Courtenay, of Powderham, father 
of Dame Katherine Rogers- Huddesfield (in the illustration, 
drawn by Mr. Roscoe Gibbs), is taken from one of two (the 
other being that of his contemporary Sir William Bonville) 
appendant to a deed relating to Wynard's Charity, dated 
14 Henry VI (1435-6), preserved among the Exeter City 
Muniments. 

W. H. H. ROGERS, F.S.A. 



346 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 



(Continued from p. 317.^) 
CLOSE ROLL. [A.D. 1650, Pt. 43, No. 6.] 

A.D. 1650. This indenture made 28 September, A.D. 1650, 
between Thomas Coke, William Bosvile, John Sparrowe, 
William Kenriche, Ralph Harrison, William Scott, esquires, 
William Steele, Recorder of London, Silvanus Taylor, Thomas 
Hubberd, Cornelius Coke [or Cooke], esquires, John Hunt, 
gentleman, Sir Edward Barkham, baronet, Sir William Robert, 
knight, John Humphreis, Thomas Ayres, John White, James 
Stockall, esquires, Edward Cressett, gentleman, and Sir 
Richard Saltonstall knight, Daniell Searll merchant, Nicholas 
Lampriere, Nicholas Bond, Richard Tydenham and Robert 
Fenwicke, esquires, nominated in an act of this present 
parliament, entitled, an Act for selling the feefarm rents 
belonging to the Commonwealth of England formerly payable 
to the Crown of England, Duchy of Lancaster and Duchy 
of Cornwall, or any five or more of them. Who are 
by the said Act, and also by another Act of this present 
Parliament, entitled an Act for further explanation of the 
former act, authorised to contract, sell, and convey the said 
feefarm rents, and all tenths or rents reserved, &c., excepting 
such tenths and pensions in the said Acts excepted, Which by 
the said Acts are vested in the said Trustees and their heirs of 
the one part ; and Arthur Squibb, of the City of Westminster, 
co. Middlesex, esquire, of the other part. Whereas the late 
King Edward VI, by his letters patent of the ist of May, the 
4th year of his reign, granted to William, Marquis of Win- 
chester, by the name of William, Earl of Wilts, his heirs and 
assigns forever, all the manors of Edington, Romseys, and, 
Tynhed, the grange of Bratton, and also the capital messuage 
of the manor of Immer, alias Imbre, with the demesne lands 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 347 

to the same belonging, and the site and capital messuage of 
Steeple Ashton in Wilts, and of East Penyard and West- 
monckton in Somerset, &c., &c., to be holden of the said late 
king his heirs and successors by the service of the 4oth part 
of a knight's fee, and paying at Michaelmas only the yearly 
rent of fourscore and thirteen pounds and 4 shillings, as by the 
particular thereof certified to the said Trustees under the hand 
of James Syms, auditor, 26 September 1650, according to the 
direction of the said Act, and remaining with the Registrar to 
the said Trustees, and as by the aforesaid letters patent may 
more at large appear. Now this indenture witnesseth that the 
said Thomas Coke, &c., the Trustees before named in pursuance 
of the said Acts of Parliament, in consideration of the sum of 
^815 IDS., which Sir John Wollaston, knight, and Thomas 
Andrewes, Alderman of London, treasurers appointed by the 
said first mentioned Act to receive the same, by writing dated 
20 September 1650, have certified to be paid by the said Arthur 
Squibb his heirs and assigns for ever, the said yearly rent of 
fourscore and 13 pounds and 4 shillings, reserved and payable 
as aforesaid, and every part or parcel thereof, and penalties, 
benefits of forfeiture, &c., powers and conditions of re-entry 
and reteyner, &c., for non-payment of the rent by the said 
letters patent are granted. To have and hold to the said 
Arthur Squibb his heirs and assigns to the only use and behoof 
of the said Arthur, &c., forever, in as full, large and ample 
manner to all intents and purposes whatsoever as any king or 
queen of England, or any person or persons in trust for them, 
formerly had, &c. In witness whereof to the one part of this 
indenture remaining with the said Arthur Squibb the said 
Trustees have set their hands and seals, and to the other part 
thereof remaining with the said Trustees the said Arthur Squibb 
hath put his hand and seal the day and year first above written. 

FEET OF FINES, WILTS. [Trinity, 28 Charles //.] 

A.D. 1676. At Westminster, three weeks after the Feast 
of the Holy Trinity. Between Mary Norborne, widow, 



348 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



plaintiff, and John Ashe, esquire, deforciant, of 2 houses, a 
dovecote, 2 gardens, 2 orchards, 500 acres of land, no acres of 
meadow, 200 acres of pasture, 5 acres of wood, 200 acres of 
gorse and heath, and common of pasture for all beasts, liberty 
of folding and a run for 80 sheep upon the down, 1 with the 
appurtenances in Hawkridge, Heywood, Brooke, Bratton, 
Milborne, Stokeleigh, and Westbury. Plea of covenant was 
summoned. John acknowledged the right of Mary as of his 
gift, and quitclaimed from himself and his heirs to Mary and 
her heirs for ever. And moreover John warranted to Mary 
and her heirs against himself and his heirs forever. For this 
Mary gave John ^500 sterling. 

LAY SUBSIDY ijjj. 
[Subsidy and Hearth-Money, temp. Charles II.\ 



Mr. Bremridge 


* 

V 


BRATTON. 

d. & s. 
Widdow Rawlines 


d. 


Thomas Wanklin, 






William Wettaker 





iij 


Esq 


ij ij 




Hugh Kinge 


yj 


viij 


Mr. Stoakes and 






Jo. Mmty 








Thomas Watts ... 


xij ( 


?) 


Walter Alderedge 


iiij 


ij 


Richard Rich 


xj 




Widdow We ... 


iij 


viij 


TV/f * TM n i-l^ic> 


" 










ivir. ividiKco 
Mr. Martin 


IX 








iij 


vj 


Anth. Silverthorne 


iij 


X 


Widdow Whittaker 


V 


viii 


Tho. (?) Freker ... 


iiij 







V 


ij 


Jo. Wettaker 


i viij 


yj 


r\r* 


yj 


iiij 


pe 


Henry Ballerd 


xij 


iij 


Ballerd ... 


V 


V 


Jo. Ballerd 


iij 






ij 


iiij 




Ralph Aldredge ... 


vij 


X 


John Cole 


yj 


vj 


Jeff. Wettaker 


viij 


ix 


Black ... 


ij 


iiij 


Phillip King for 






Philip (?) Black ... 


vij 


iij 


Ballerds 


xij 


iiij 


Wid ford 






William Blagden ... 


V. 


iiij 


and Henry Ballerd 


iij 


iiij 


John Croome 


xij 


iij 


B Luker ... 


vij 


iij 


Mr. Hinde and 






Rawlines ... 


i'ij 




William Hickman 


X 




Pp 


iiij 




i (iiii . . i 


Widdow Cruland (?) 


ij 


ix 


John Aldridge 


X 


ix 


John Rawlines 


yj 


ij 









Super Calveta. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 349 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Michaelmas 34 Charles II. R. ccxxix.\ 

A.D. 1682. -I Richard Hickes, gentleman, and Thomas Beach, 
WILTS. J gentleman, demand against Walter Sloper, gen- 
tleman, and Stephen Palmer, gentleman, 12 messuages, 2 
gardens, 200 acres of land, 80 acres of meadow, 16 acres of 
pasture and common of pasture for every kind of beast, with the 
appurtenances in Steeple Ashton, West Ashton, Bratton, and 
Westbury. Samuel Marvin, gentleman, vouchee. 1 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Trinity, 7 William III. R. clxxiii.~\ 

A.D. 1695. -I Daniel, Earl of Nottingham, and Heneage Finch, 
WILTS. J esquire, demand against Thomas Windham, 
esquire, and William Freeman, esquire, the Hundred of War- 
minster and the manors of Deverill Langbridge, &c., &c., also 
50 messuages and lands and pastures, &c., in Corsley, Deverill 
Langbridge, Warminster, Frome, Horningsham, Bratton, West- 
bury, Fifield, Broad Chalk, Imber, and various other parishes 
of Wilts. 

Thomas, Viscount Weymouth, vouchee, who called to 
warrant Henry Thynne, his son and heir apparent. 

IBID. [Deeds enrolled, m. 4.] 

A.D. 1695. Indenture tripartite made 28 May, 7 William 
III, between Anne Ernie, of Ashlington alias Etchilhampton, 
Wilts, relict of Edward Ernie, esquire, who was son and heir 
apparent of Sir Walter Ernie, late of Ashlington, aforesaid, 
bart, deceased, and Sir Edward Ernie, of Maddington, Wilts, 
bart., son and heir male of the body of Edward Ernie, by the 
said Ann Ernie of the first part ; Thomas Foley the younger, 
son and heir apparent of Thomas Foley, of Whitby, co. Wor- 
cester, esquire, of the second part ; and William Ashe, of 
Haytesbury, co. Wilts, esquire, of the third part. Witnesseth 
that for the barring of all estates intail and reversion and 

1 For the form of recovery see the earlier numbers of Bratton Records. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



remainder thereupon expectant of the manors, &c., hereinafter 
expressed. And for the sum of tos. the said Ann Ernie and 
Sir Edward Ernie have granted and sold to the said Thomas 
Foley the younger, his heirs and assigns, all that the manor or 
lordship of Ashlington or Etchilhampton, with the rights, mem- 
bers and appurtenances thereof, in the said county of Wilts, 
and all the farm of Wadhampton, &c., in Wilts ; and all that 
grange and farm of Bratton, with the appurtenances in Bratton, 
in the parish of Westbury, Wilts, and those arable lands, 
containing by estimation 346^ acres, and 10 acres of pasture, 
and 37 acres of meadow in Bratton aforesaid, and all that 
meadow ground, containing by estimation 12 acres, and the 
first vesture of all those 3 acres of meadow in Bratton, and all 
that pasture and feeding for 24 oxen and 700 sheep to be fed 
yearly in the fields and downs of Bratton, and all those lands, 
feedings, meadows, and pastures called Broad Mead, Little 
Broadmead, and Oxen Crofts and Great Oxen Crofts, with 
their appurtenances in Bratton. All which premises in 
Bratton were heretofore purchased by the said Sir Walter 
Ernie to him and his heirs of William Bromwich, esquire, and 
Rachel his wife, Arthur Bromwich, gentleman, and John 
Harris and Ann his wife, or of some of them ; and all that the 
site of the manor and capital messuage, and farm of Escott, 
with the appurtenances in Escott and Urchent alias Urchfount 
alias Erchefount, co. Wilts; and all those lands, meadows, 
leayns, pastures, woods, and hereditaments, with the appurten- 
ances called Westham Wood, Marsh Field, Marsh Cliff, and 
Escott Common, containing by estimation 12 acres, all that 
wood and certain hereditaments, with their appurtenances 
called Maggott Wood, containing by estimation 4 acres, the 
meadow called Stable mead, containing by estimation 3 acres, 
the meadow called the Thoungs, containing by estimation one 
acre, the meadow called Maggott mead, and the wood and 
woody grounds and certain lands and hereditaments called 
Beane lands, containing 10 acres, and all that meadow round 
and certain hereditaments, with their appurtenances, called 






Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 351 

West heath, containing by estimation 12 acres, and all those 
3 Clayes of arable ground and hereditaments, with the appur- 
tenances, containing by estimation 3 score acres, and the 
lands called East Fore Deane, otherwise East Fore hill, 20 
acres, and all those arable lands and hereditaments called the 
West Fore Deane or West Fore Hill, 20 acres, and all those 
lands, &c., called Redlands, 10 acres, and that parcel of arable 
land by the South, 27 acres, abutting on the Town acres, and 
the arable lands called Long Haven, 25 acres, a parcel of 
arable land lying by Long Lawne, 50 acres, the pasture called 
Pasture Down for Sheep, 100 acres : all which premises in 
Estcott and Urchfont were heretofore purchased by Sir Walter 
Ernie to him and his heirs, that is, 2 third parts thereof of 
William Knapton, esquire, and Elizabeth his wife, and Thomas 
Arnold, gentleman, and Mary his wife, and the other third part 
of Robert Heming, gentleman, and Sarah his wife, and 
Peterell Meggs, gentleman, and Mary his wife ; and all that 
capital messuage or tenement with the appurtenances in 
Erchefont, sometime in the tenure of Robert Whood alias 
Crooke, and since in the tenure of John Muspratt or his 
assign or assigns, and all those 20 acres of meadow in Urchfont 
now divided into 5 several closes, and commonly called Frank- 
lyns, and that parcel of meadow, i| acre, commonly called the 
Crofts in Erchfont, and the several parcels, io| acres, of arable 
land to the same last-mentioned messuage and premises be- 
longing, lying in the common fielde of Urchfont, whereof 5^ 
acres lying in the east field, 2 acres in the middle field, and 
3 acres in the west field; and those 5 several cottages, 4 
orchards, and 5 gardens with their appurtenances in Erchfont 
in the several tenures of Robert Neate, John Peyte, John 
Gilbert, Christopher Taylor and John Whelpeley and Maurice 
Alexander or of their undertenants, and common of pasture 
and feeding for 12 Rother beasts, and a bull and 3 score 
sheep, in through and over all the woods, downs, common 
fields and commonable places of Erchfont, which said mes- 
suage and premises Sir Walter Ernie purchased to him 



352 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

and his heirs of the said John Muspratt; and all that manor 
or lordship of Northcombe with the appurtenances in the 
parish of Urchfont, that is the tenement now or late of 
John Willis, the tenement now or late of John Giddings, 
the tenement now or late of John Roser, the tenement now 
or late of John Collett, the tenement now or late of Maud 
Whood alias Crook, and also all that messuage or tenement 
situate in Erchfont, commonly called Bassetts, except the 
site of the said manor of Northcomb, or farm called Swellis 
Farm, and one croft called Reeve land, or Noyses Croft, 
which said last mentioned manor and premises, except before 
excepted, were heretofore purchased by Sir Walter Ernie to 
him and his heirs of William Jeay and Ann his wife : and 
property at Bishop's Cannings, Wootton Bassett, Cleve Anstey ; 
also all that manor and farm of Tilsett or Tilshead, with all 
lands, tenements, hereditaments thereto belonging, and all and 
singular messuages, cottages, bartons, farms, dovehouses, 
barns, stables, buildings, orchards, gardens, yards, backsides, 
lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, pastures, commons, and 
common of pasture downs, sheep-walks, heaths, furzes, moors, 
marshes, wastes, wast grounds, hedges, ditches, trees, woods, 
underwood and the ground soil thereof, rents, revenues, 
services, waifs, strays, courts leet, views of frank pledge, Courts 
Baron, perquisites and profits of courts, free warren, goods and 
chattells of felons, fugitives, &c. ; reliefs, escheats, fines, 
heriots, &c., ways, passages, &c., waters, watercourses, &c., 
and all advantages, benefits, and appurtenances whatsoever 
belonging to the foresaid premises in anywise, and all other 
property in the forementioned parishes in which Anne Ernie 
and Sir Edward Ernie have any estate or interest : To the 
use of the said Thomas Foley the younger and his heirs : To 
the end that one or more common recovery or recoveries may 
be thereof had, for which purpose it is hereby covenanted 
between all the said parties that it shall be lawful for the said 
William Ashe or some other person or persons named by the 
said Sir Edward Ernie, and at his costs and charges, before the 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 353 

end of Trinity term next, the date of the presents, to sue out of 
the Court of Chancery one or more writs of entry sur disseisin 
en le post returnable before the Justices of the common pleas at 
Westminster, thereby demanding all the said manors and other 
premises against Thomas Foley the younger : to which writ or 
writs the said Thomas Foley the younger shall appear gratis 
and vouch to warranty the said Sir Edward Ernie, who shall 
also gratis appear and enter into the warranty and vouch over 
the common vouchee of the same court, who shall also appear 
and after make default so as judgment may be thereupon had 
for the said William Ashe to recover the said manors, &c., and 
that every other thing may be had needful for a common 
recovery, with double voucher according to the course of the 
law. And he and his heirs, &c., shall stand seized thereof 
to the several uses hereafter mentioned, namely, of the farms 
and of the premises in Bratton, and Escott, and Erchfont to 
the use of Anne Ernie for the term of her life, and after her 
death to the use of Sir Edward Ernie, his heirs and assigns 
for ever ; of the manor, &c., at Arlington and Wadhampton 
to the intent that Anne Ernie and her assigns during the term 
of her life may receive a yearly rent charge of ^150, to be 
paid half yearly at Michaelmas and the Feast of the Annuncia- 
tion in equal portions, with right to Anne Ernie to enter on the 
said premises to distrain for the said rent when in arrears 21 
days after either of the said feasts. And as concerning the 
other premises intended to be hereby bargained or sold, not 
hereinbefore limited in use to Anne Ernie for life, to the only 
proper use and behoof of the said Sir Edward Ernie, his heirs 
and assigns for ever. In witness whereof, &c. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Trinity. 8 William II L R. Ivj.] 

A.D. 1696. WILTS. Robert Pitt, gentleman, demands 
against William Day, gentleman, 50 acres of meadow, 70 acres 
of pasture, and common of pasture for every kind of beast, 
with the appurtenances in Heywood, Hawkeridge, Bratton, and 

the parish of Westbury. James Ashe, gentleman, vouchee. 

B B 



354 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

IBID. {Hillary. 9 William III. R. xxi.] 

A.D. 1697. WILTS. Henry Hargrave, gentleman, demands 
against James Ash, senior, esquire, 5 messuages, a dovecot, 
9 gardens, 100 acres of land, 300 acres of meadow, 300 acres 
of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and common of pasture for every 
kind of beast, with the appurtenances in Westbury Brook, 
Hawkeridge, Heywood, and Bratton. John Ash, senior, 
esquire, James Ash, junior, gentleman, and John Ash, junior, 
gentleman, vouchees. 

E. M. THOMPSON. 
(To be continued.) 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OP 
SOME DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 

(Continued from p. 305.^) 

It was apparently in 1542, whilst everything was still in 
disorder the buildings of the late Monastery partly standing, 
partly pulled down that the Earl of Hertford, its new owner, 
paid his first visit to Amesbury. 1 In the Longleat papers we 
find pa3'ments 

"To 2 men, and a woman, to make clean the hall chambers, the 
court, the convent chambers, and the fylthy places ther agenst my Lord's 
fyrst comyng to Amesbury. 



1 The Earl sometimes travelled with a cavalcade of mounted servants 
and retainers. In the autumn of 1537 he made a progress from his Wilt- 
shire residence at Wolfhall. On the 4th September he was a guest of the 
Lord Stourton, at Old Stourton House (of which Aubrey has preserved a 
sketch), and on the two following days, of Lord Chief Justice Fitz James, 
at Redlinch, near Brnton ; on the 7th he lay one night at Lord Hungerford's, 
at Farley Castle ; on the 8th at Sir Henry Long's, at Draycote ; on the 9th 
at Malmesbury ; on the 10th at Bradenstoke ; and on the 12th at Mr. 
Ernley's, at Whetham House, when the horses belonging to his retinue, 40 
in number, were quartered for the night at Devizes ; from thence returning 
to Wolfhall. Steward's Accounts at Longleat. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 355 

" For 2 days work (2 men) to make the stables necessary for my Lord's 
great horses. 

" For carrying 6 loads of hay to the stables." 

The lodging, called the late Priory Lodging, i.e., the late 
residence of the Lady Prioress, was, on the dissolution of the 
House, in 1539, the principal part assigned by the Royal Com- 
missioners to remain undefaced (see p. 291), as being best 
suited to domestic purposes ; and this, judging from the cir- 
cumstances which followed, most probably continued for 
several generations, without any very considerable alteration, 
to be the Amesbury residence of the Seymour family of the 
younger line. 

The Earl of Hertford lived but a few years to enjoy the 
possessions which the fall of the Monasteries had enabled the 
Crown to bestow so freely upon him. In 1547 he was created 
Duke of Somerset, and, several years later, when Protector of 
England during the minority of his nephew Edward VI, he is 
styled in some of the documents belonging to his Wiltshire 
property, " The High and Myghtye Prince Edward, Duke of 
Somerset." 1 In 1551 we find him a State prisoner in the 
Tower of London, and on the 22nd of January following he 
was beheaded and attainted. His decapitated body and head 
were placed in a coffin, but did not find a resting-place with his 
ancestors in the Priory Church at Easton Royal (which had 
now become his own property, and was afterwards rebuilt by 
his son, in 1591). They were carried back, and interred in 
the Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula, within the Tower pre- 
cincts. Such was the fate of the first lay owner of Amesbury 
Monastery. 

His eldest son, Edward, by his second marriage with Ann, 



1 On the tomb of his father, Sir John Seymour, in the chancel of 
Great Bedwyn Church, he is described as "Duke of Somerset, Earl of 
Hertford, Viscount Beauchamp, and Baron Seymour, Uncle to King 
Edward VI, Governor of his Royal Person, Protector of all his Dominions 
and Subjects, Lord Treasurer and Earl Marshal of England." 

B B 2 



356 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

daughter of Sir Edward Stanhope, 1 was the inheritor, by 
special entail, made by Act of Parliament 32 Henry VIII 
[1540], of most of his father's dignities and estates. He was 
created Baron Seymour i Edward VI [1546-7], but by Act 5 
and 6 of the same reign [1551-2], when he was only thirteen 
years old, they were given to the Crown. Queen Elizabeth 
created him Baron Beauchamp of Hache, and Earl of Hertford, 
in 1559; but he quickly incurred her lasting displeasure by 
marrying in the following year, without her consent, the 
Lady Catherine, sister of Lady Jane Grey, and at that time the 
only surviving coheir of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, by 
Frances, elder daughter and coheir of Charles Brandon, also 
Duke of Suffolk, and his wife Mary Tudor, Queen Dowager 
of Louis XIII of France, and sister of Henry VIII ; an 
alliance which, on the failure of Henry's issue, by the death of 
Queen Elizabeth in 1602-3, brought the heir of the Wiltshire 
family of Seymour within measurable distance of the Crown of 
England. 2 For this offence the Earl of Hertford was heavily 
fined, and, with his Countess, imprisoned in the Tower of 



1 The Protector was twice married, but having been divorced from 
bis first wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir William Filliol, he passed over her 
issue in the succession, and, so far as lay in his power, secured his titles and 
estates on the children of his second wife, Ann Stanhope. In course of time, 
however, all his plans became reversed, for by failure of the younger branch 
in 1749, the elder House of Seymour recovered the title, and the lineal des- 
cendants of Catherine Filliol, as its rightful heirs, have since continued 
successively to represent the Dukedom of Somerset. 

2 Lady Southwell, an eye witness of Elizabeth's death-bed, says that 
among others proposed to the Queen as her successor, was the Earl of 
Hertford's eldest son, Lord Beauchamp, in right of his mother. On hearing 
his name Elizabeth roused herself, and said angrily " 1 will have no rascaVs 
son in my seat, but one worthy to be a King" This claim of the Seymour family 
to the Crown was not, however, forgotten some half a century later ; for, in 
an anonymous volume, published in 1655, and entitled A Treatise con- 
cerning the Broken Succession of the Crown of England, inculcated about 
the latter end of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, the author attempts to prove 
that all the pretenders to the English Throne after Elizabeth's death are 
illegitimate, and that between the Infanta of Portugal, and the Earl of 
Hertford's second son, lies the reasonable choice. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 357 

London, where several children were born, and where the 
Lady Catherine died on the 26th January 1 567-8. l 

On his release from the Tower, after a nine years' imprison- 
ment, the Earl appears to have retired into Wiltshire, where he 
resided, partly at Wolf hall the paternal residence of his family, 
which they had acquired by marriage with the heiress of 
Esturmy and partly at Amesbury. On 2 2nd March 1574, he 
writes "from Ulphall, determined to go to Awmesbury to-morrow, 
but to be here again on Thursday next." 

He married, secondly, Frances, third daughter of William 
first Lord Howard, of Effingham, who died in 1598; and, 
thirdly, another Frances Howard, granddaughter of Thomas, 
third Duke of Norfolk, and widow of a London vintner 
named Henry Prannell 2 ; but neither of these left any issue. 
The latter was the donor of the bell which forms the fifth of 
the peal now in the tower of Amesbury Church. It was cast 
at Salisbury in 1619. 

The two lodges on the east side of the park, curiously 
constructed of flint work, with quaint towers and cupola-shaped 
roofs, . belong, one to the close of Elizabeth's reign, the other 
to the early part of that of James I. They were both erected 
during the second Earl of Hertford's ownership of the estate. 
The earlier of the two, known as " The Round House", has an 
inscription over the door, "DIANA HER HOVS 1600" the name 
of the goddess of the chase apparently indicating its original 



1 The Bible used by them during their imprisonment, containing 
entries of the births of their children, is still preserved at Longleat. 

2 A tragic incident which occurred at Amesbury, after the Earl's 
marriage with this lady, will be found in Brydges' Peers of James I, p. 297. 
It is thus briefly alluded to by the Duke of Manchester, Court and Society 
from Elizabeth to Anne, i, 210 : " When she married the Earl of Hertford, 
a rival wooer, Sir George Rodney [of Eodney Stoke, co. Somerset], went down 
to an inn at Amesbury, pricked himself with his sword, wrote a ' dying love 
song with his blood, and finally ran upon his weapon and expired"'. The 
" love song," which he sent to the Countess, is printed in the Topographer, i, 
398, from a MS. in the British Museum. But the Countess, we are told, 
easily passed this over, and so wrought upon the good nature of the Earl, 
her husband, that he settled above 5,000 jointure upon her for life. 



358 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

use as a hunting lodge. This interesting building has been 
well illustrated in Blomfield's Renaissance- Architecture. The 
other lodge, known as " Kent House" has already been noticed 
(see note on p. 305). The date of the original building, as 
seen in raised figures on the north side of the octagonal tower, 
is 1607; but some additions have been made to it by a later 
owner. 

It was most probably at the time when these lodges were 
built that some interments were discovered on the site of the 
old Monastery. One of them, of considerable interest, is thus 
described, some years later, by Inigo Jones r 1 

"Amongst other sepulchres found at the said Monastery it's worthy 
memory that, about the beginning of this century, one of them, hewn out 
of a firm stone, and placed in the middle of a wall, was opened ; having 
upon its coverture, in rude letters ot massive gold, "R. G. A. C. 6oo." 2 
The bones within which sepulchre were all firm, fair yellow-coloured 
hair about the scull, a supposed peece of the liver near upon the bignesse 
of a walnut, very dry and hard, and together therewith were found 
several royall habiliments, as jewels, veils, scarfs, and the like, retaining 
even till then their proper colours. All which were atterwards very 



1 Inigo Jones, by direction of the King [James I], in 1620, wrote an 
account of Stonehenge, which was published in 1655, under the title of 
" The most notable Antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-heny, 
on Salisbury Plain. Restored by Inigo Jones, Architect-Generall to the late 
King." The author died in 1651, and his work was issued four years after- 
wards, by his son-in-law, John Webb. 

z Mr. Jones conjectures that the remains may have been those of 
Guinever, wife of King Arthur ; who is said by Leland, on the authority of 
several other writers, to have taken a nun's veil at Amesbury, died, and was 
buried there. But Mr. Gough, in his Sepulchral Monuments, is inclined to 
think that they belonged to a much later date, and were more probably 
those of Eleanor, queen of Henry III. The letters, as given by Mr. Jones, 
may, he thinks, have been misread for Regina Alianora, <4 - c.,as on the tomb 
of her daughter-in-law Eleanor, queen of Edward I in the Confessor's 
Chapel at Westminster, which belongs to nearly the same date, and is in- 
scribed " Icy gist Alianor, jadis Reyne d'Angleterre, femme a Rex Edward 
Fiz ". [Here lies Eleanor, formerly Queen of England, wife of King Edward 
the First.] We have, he says, no authentic evidence that any monastery 
existed on the present site, at Amesbury, earlier than the foundation of Queen 
Ethelfrida in 980 ; and as King Arthur's death is presumed to have taken 
place about the year 542, Guinever could scarcely have survived him 
58 years. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 






choicely kept in the collection of the Right Honourable Edward, Earl 
of Hertford ; l and of the atoresaid gold divers rings were made and 
worn by his Lordship's principall officers." Stone-heng Restored, p. 25. 

The partly destroyed buildings of the Monastery most 
probably supplied the Earl with materials for his new work, 
and the removal of some of the old walls may have brought to 
light this interment apparently of some royal personage. 
The remains seem to have been placed in a stone coffin, built 
into the wall, perhaps beneath a recessed arch, afterwards 
walled up. The original inscription, Mr. Jones says, he could 
not procure, but inserted the relation on the credit of those 
persons of quality from whom he received it ; and there are 
reasons for believing that the date, at least, must have been 
misread. 

Some of this Earl of Hertford's correspondence, relating 
to his office of Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire, in the early part 
of the reign of James I, is printed in Wilts Archaeological Maga- 
zine, i, 223, and Waylen's History of Mar/borough, p. 543. It is 
dated from Amesbury, and Easton Royal, and on one occasion 
from Tottenham, near Marlborough. In one of these letters, 
about the clergy's finding of arms, dated from Amesbury 6 
August 1608, and addressed to the Bishop of Salisbury 
[Henry Cotton], the Earl thanks his lordship very heartily 
" for his good pains at Amesbury, and the good sermon which 
he preached at the Church." In September following he 
writes " from my house at Easton "; and other letters, bearing 
date i6io-n, 2 were again written from Amesbury. 



1 Aubrey mentions another Amesbury relic in the Earl's collection : 
" In the reigne of King James I, as boyes were at play in Amesbury 
street, it thundered and lightened. One of the boyes wore a little dagger 
by his side, which melted in the scabbard, and the scabbard not hurt. This 
dagger, Edward, Earle of Hertford, kept amongst his rarities. I have for- 
gotten if the boy was killed. (From old Mr. Bowman and Mr. Gauntlet.)" 

1 A letter from the Earl of Hertford to Lord Salisbury, dated from 
Amesbury 2 October 1610, is printed by Lady Theresa Lewis, in Lives of 
Friends and Contemporaries of Lord Chancellor Clarendon, iii, 148-9. 



360 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Aubrey, in his Natural History of Wiltshire (1656-91) 
says : 

"Io Coperario, whose real name I have been told was Cowper, and 
Alfonso Ferrabosco lived most in Wiltshire, at Amesbury and Wulfall, 
with Edward, Earl of Hertford, who was the great patrone of musicians." 
(p. 120). 

He also tells us that William Lawes, a native of Salisbury 
(brother of Henry Lawes, gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and 
composer of the music to Milton's Comus) was also in- 
debted to the Earl for his musical education : 1 

" William Lawes, the brother ot Milton's friend, Henry Lawes, was 
born in the Close (at Salisbury), and baptized May i, 1602. Having 
from his childhood displayed a decided taste for music, he was taken 
under the protection of Edward, Earl of Hertford, and brought up at his 
expense. He received his musical education from John Cooper, a de- 
pendant of the Hertford family, and an eminent performer, whose name 
has been Italianised into Giovanni Cooperario." (p. 81). 

During the last few years of his life, we find the Earl 
residing at Netley, co. Hants another monastic property of 
the Seymour family. In a letter to Sir Robert Gordon (son- 
in-law to the Dean of Salisbury) dated from thence 31 March 
1619, and printed in Craik's Romance of the Peerage, he men- 
tions the death of Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I, "which 
hath spread itself into a general grief among us all." He was 
then, with his Countess, preparing to attend her funeral on 
the 29th April following. His last public appearance was pro- 
bably in the procession which accompanied King James on 
his opening Parliament 3oth January 1621. Sir Simon D'Ewes, 
who was present, has the following note in his Autobiography: 

" Among the nobility I especially viewed the Lord Seymour, Earl of 
Hertford, now some 83 years old, and even decrepit with age." 



1 William^ Lawes, and his brother Henry (servant to King Charles I, in 
his publick and private musick), were composers of some of the songs in 
Playford's "Select Musicall Ayres and Dialogues. Jn three Boohes, 1653. 
London, printed by T. H. for John Playford, and are to be sold at his Shop 
in the Inner Temple near the Church doore." Henry Lawes, also a Wiltshire- 
man, whose name is so closely identified with the Church Music of the 17th 
century, was baptized at Dinton, 5 January 1595-6. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 361 

He died at Netley on the 6th April following, and was 
buried in Salisbury Cathedral, where there is a sumptuous 
monument to his memory. His third Countess, who survived 
him, re-married Lodowick Stuart, Duke of Richmond and 
Lenox. On 27 April 1623 she was one of the godmothers at 
the baptism of the Earl of Hertford's great granddaughter, 
Frances, daughter of Sir Francis Seymour, which took place 
at the Lodge in Savernake Park ; and three years later she was 
again a widow, residing at Easton Royal. 

Five years after the Earl's death (1626) two inquisitions 
were taken at Marlborough. The first of these, dated 4th April, 
relates only to the site of the late Priory at Easton, with the 
manor, rectory, and advowson of the vicarage there ; to which 
his eldest surviving grandson, William Seymour, was heir. The 
second inquisition, taken 2yth September following, includes 
his settled estates in Wilts, Berks, Hants, Dorset, Somerset, 
Lincoln, and Middlesex. From this it appears that the manor 
of Amesbury Earls, and the woodland called de Bentley 
Woodes, with the markets and fairs of Amesbury, were among 
other property conveyed by indenture 7 January 1617, to John 
Kent, of Devizes, and William Gunter, of Milton, near Pewsey, 
in trust, to the use of the Earl for life, then to his grandsons 
Edward, William, and Francis, and their heirs male in succes- 
sion, then to the heirs of the same grandsons successively, 
then to the heirs of the said Earl, with remainder to Sir 
Edward Seymour, of Bury Pomeroy, co. Devon, and Sir John 
Seymour, of Marwell. co. Hants, and their male heirs ; and 
lastly, to the right heirs of Edward Seymour, grandson of the 
Earl, for ever. (Wilts Inq. post mortem, temp. Charles /, 

PP- i7, 23.) 

Edward Seymour, the eldest son and heir of Edward, 
second Earl of Hertford, and Lady Catherine Grey, was born 
in the Tower of London, 2ist September 1561, and baptized 
there on the 25th. He was, as we have seen above, among others, 
proposed to Queen Elizabeth on her death-bed as her successor. 
James I created him Baron Beauchamp 6th May 1609, and he 



362 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

also obtained a patent enabling him and his heirs male to take 
the title of Earl of Hertford ; but, dying before his father, he 
did not succeed either to that honour, or to the family estates. 
He died at Wick, near Pewsey, and was buried at Great Bed- 
wyn 2ist July 1612, where a small brass plate, formerly affixed 
to a slab in the pavement of the chancel 1 , but now on the north 
wall, thus briefly records his memory : 

" Bellocampus eram Graia genetrice S emerus, 
Tres habui natos, est quibus una soror." 

His wife was Honora, daughter of Sir Richard Rogers, of Brian- 
ston, co. Dorset ; and the three sons mentioned in the epitaph 
were (i) Edward, (2) William, (3) Francis 2 . Edward, the 
eldest, afterwards K.B., was baptized at Camberwell i2th June 
1586, and died in 1618, without surviving issue 3 . 

On the death of their grandfather in 1621, the second son, 
William, born 1587-8, and then 33 years old, was found to be 
the heir. In 1610, when at the age of 22, he had clandestinely 
married Lady Arabella Stuart, the King's first cousin, without 
the Royal consent, and thus incurring the displeasure of 
James I, was obliged to fly the kingdom, whilst the Lady 
Arabella was imprisoned and died in the Tower his early 
matrimonial difficulties being almost an exact counterpart 
to those of his grandfather and the unfortunate Lady 
Catherine Grey. Both ladies lost their lives in the Tower, 
whilst the offending husband, in each case, regained his liberty, 
re-married, and survived for many years. 



1 Aubrey describes it as "a pittifull grafted freestone gravestone." 

3 Created Baron Seymour of Trowbridge in 1641. 

3 His wife was Ann, daughter of Robert Sackville, Earl of Dorset. 
Marriage articles dated 20th March 1 608-9. They were married at West- 
minster 1st July. In 1626 she was living at Eastou, with other members of 
the Seymour family ; and afterwards married Sir Edward Lewys, of the 
Van, co. Glamorgan, residing for many years in the old mansion of the 
Pawlett's at Edington. Sir Edward died 10th October 1630 ; his widow sur- 
viving until 25th September 1664. Both lie beneath the chancel of 
Edington Church, where a sumptuous tomb, with effigies, records their 
memory. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 363 

From a manuscript account of his family, written about this 
time by Sir Edward Rodney, of Rodney Stoke, co. Somerset, 1 
we learn that the writer (whose mother was a niece of Queen 
Jane Seymour and the Protector Somerset) was, when eight 
years old, sent to the Grammar School at Trowbridge, where 
also were his relatives, the sons of Edward Seymour, Lord 
Beauchamp. Here a lasting friendship sprang up between 
them, and after the marriage of Sir William Seymour with 
the Lady Arabella Stuart, Mr. Rodney (afterwards Sir 
Edward) then aged 21, accompanied him in his escape to Dun- 
kirk. 2 

"Anno 1611. Hee went beyond the seas with Sir William Seymour, 
second son of William [Edward] Lord Beauchamp, who fled with the 
Lady Arbella, whom he had married privately, whereat King James took 
great offence, and committed them both to several prisons, from whence 
they escaped ; but the Lady Arbella was taken again, and committed to 
the Tower, where she died of sickness ; Mr. Rodney returned again in 
Candlemas term the same year, but Mr. Seymour not until four years 
after ; and not till the Lady Arbella was dead. 3 After that he returned 
and is now, by the death of his elder brother, Earl of Hertford. 

" Sir Edward Rodney, and those brothers the Seymours, were bred 
together in the schools of Trowbridge and Oxford, which contracted such 



1 Lately printed in vol. xvii of The Genealogist, new series. The writer 
tells us that after six years' education at Trowbridge Grammar School, and 
four at Magdalen Coll., Oxford, he became a student in Middle Temple, 
" where he saluted only the law afarre off, and mispent his time." 

2 About November 1611 Mr. Felling, one of his grandfather, the Earl of 
Hertford's Chaplains, was sent over to him ; and his grandfather, in a subse- 
quent letter, dated 23rd October 1613, written to him whilst still abroad, 
speaks of my instructions sent you by your Tutor Pellinge. John Felling, B.D. 
(whose father held the living of Burbage for 32 years) was, in 1595, presented 
by Edward, Earl of Hertford, to the Rectory of Trowbridge. He was also 
Rector of Bath [16C8-1621], Canon of Wells [1613], and Chaplain to the 
King. The Burial Register of Bath Abbey describes him as " the worthie 
instrument for building the Church," i.e., repairing the Abbey Church, where 
his monument still remains. On his death, Thomas Felling, his son, was 
inducted, 25th November 1622, to the vacant Rectory of Trowbridge, of 
which William Seymour, Earl of Hertford, after his return from Dunkirk, 
and the death of both his elder brother and grandfather, had recently 
become patron. 

3 The Lady Arabella was buried in Westminster Abbey 27th September 
1615. 



364 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

a friendship between Mr. William Seymour and him that he readily 
exposed himself to any hazard to be in his company ; and since so much 
favour from the same person being Marquis, and so much respect from 
Sir Edward Rodney to the Marquis as to no man so much. It is true 
they were nearly allied, tor Sir Edward Rodney was more than half a 
Seymour, by his mother, who was daughter to Sir Henry Seymour, who 
was brother to the Duke oi Somerset, and Queen Jane Seymour." 

After the death of the Lady Arabella, her husband Sir 
William Seymour sought permission to return to England, which 
was granted 5th January 1616. He soon afterwards re-married 
Frances, eldest sister and co-heir of Robert Devereux, third 
Earl of Essex. Two of their children, the Lady Frances and 
the Lady Jane Seymour, were baptized at Amesbury, in 1625 
and 1637. Parish Register. 

Sir William, who had succeeded to the Earldom of Hert- 
ford on the death of his grandfather in 1621, was created 
Marquess of Hertford 3 June 1640. During the Civil 
Wars he was conspicuous for his loyalty to Charles I 1 ; 
and at the Restoration, by a special Act in the Par- 
liament begun at Westminster 25th April 1660, he was restored 
by Charles II to the Dukedom of Somerset, forfeited by the 
attainder of his great grandfather, the Protector, with all privi- 
leges as fully and amply as if the Act of Attainder [5 Edward VI] 
had never been made ; the King remarking that " as this was 
an Act of an extraordinary nature, so it was done for an extra- 
ordinary person, who had merited so much of his royal father 
and himself as any subject could do ; and he therefore hoped no 
man would envy it, because he had done what a good master 
should do to such a servant." 

It was apparently in the latter years of this nobleman that 
the mansion at Amesbury was wholly rebuilt from the designs 
of Inigo Jones, carried out by his son-in-law, John Webb. 
Campbell, in his Vitruvius Brilanm'cus, vol. iii, p. 7, published 
1725, gives a front elevation, with plans of the first and second 
storeys, and the date, Anno 1661. The great staircase, he says, is 
remarkable here for having a little one in the middle of it. Of 

* He was General of the King's forces in the West. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 365 

the shield formerly on the pediment of the principal front there 
is a drawing in Wiltshire Notes and Queries, vol. ii, p. 586. It 
bore the six principal quarterings of Seymour, enclosed within 
a garter, and ensigned by a ducal coronet 1 thus identifying 
the second Duke of Somerset as the builder. The well- 
known crest of Seymour a ph&nix in flames was also intro- 
duced among the foliage of the capitals of the four columns of 
the portico, as well as those within the saloon. 

The second Duke of Somerset lived but a very short time 
to enjoy his restored title. He died on the 24th of October 
1660, in the 74th year of his age, and was buried at Great 
Bedwyn, his only memorial there being the inscription on his 
coffin plate (of which the writer possesses a rubbing), 2 and the 
following entry in the parish register : 

" William Semor, Duke of Somerset, late Marquis ot Hartforde, was 
buried on the feast of All Saints at night, being the first day of Nov'ber 
in the yeare of our Lord God 1660." 

In 1662 John Ray visited Amesbury, which he thus notices 
in his Itinerary, vol. iii, p. 303 : 

Monday, July i4th. "At Amesbury, in the wall of the Abbey, we 
saw an old grave-stone, supposed of Queen Guenever, King Arthur's 
wife; these remains are just behind the Marquis of Hertford's house, in 
a little park." 

This at once identifies the space at the back of the then 
newly-erected mansion as the site of the discoveries made at 
the commencement of the i;th century, and described by Inigo 
Jones. The same site was again excavated for new founda- 
tions in 1860, when stone coffins, emptied of their contents, 
and broken to pieces, were brought to light as evidence of this 
earlier spoliation. Ray's mention of " the wall of the Abbey " 



1 The same shield of arms is said to have been repeated at the back of 
the house. 

2 His coffin plate states that he was K.G., Chancellor of Oxford, Lord 
Lieutenant of Wilts, Somerset, and the City of Bristol, a Privy Counsellor, 
Groom of the Stole, &c. 



366 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

shows that after the completion of the new mansion in 1660-1 
some remains of the monastic buildings close by, were yet 
standing. 

EDWARD KITE. 
(To be continued.) 



ON " THE JESSYE " AT AMESBURY. 



I notice that Mr. Kite, in the interesting series of articles 
on Amesbury Monastery that you are now publishing, follows 
Canon Jackson in his explanation of " the Jessye ". 

That " the Jessye " was the name of a building and not 
an apartment is proved by " Mastris Wardour's Chamber " 
being " in the lower end of the Jesse," so that it must have 
contained two rooms at least. It is highly improbable that a 
building no feet long would receive its name from a window 
of peculiar design lighting one of the apartments into which it 
was divided. 

On examining the Survey of the "content of lead" it will 
be seen to contain only those buildings surrounding the 
cloister. 1 By laying these down on paper in their usual 
positions we get a very complete plan of the claustral buildings 
of a monastery. " The Jessye " is not required to fill up any 
space save one, and that is the necessarium or reredorter, which 
is not otherwise mentioned. The reredorter is hardly likely 
to have been the only building in connexion with the main 



1 Save " Joan Homer's chamber " and " The Leaden chamber," which 
might have been anywhere. Joan Horner's chamber was probably a new 
room added to the prioress' house during her time of office. " Kent's 
chamber " was probably a guest house. The kitchen is not mentioned, as 
being probably stone roofed, as at Durham, Glastonbury, and elsewhere. 



On " The Jessye" at Amesbury. 367 

block that was not roofed with lead, which would be the only 
explanation for its absence from the survey. 

In monastic days, as at present, the necessarium was 
known by many names. Thus at Canterbury it was called 
"the Third Dorter," and is so mentioned in a decree of the 
Chapter, 1547.* The usual name for this building, employed 
by the surveyors at the Suppression, was "Jakes "or " Jakis," of 
which word I take "Jessye" to be a canting variation, probably 
used by the nuns themselves. 

The buildings at Amesbury being on a large scale, 1 10 feet 
for the length of the reredorter, is not at all disproportionate to 
a dorter 2 200 feet. At Castle Acre, with a dorter of only no 
is a reredorter no less than 91 feet. At Fountains the dorter 
was 187 feet and the reredorter 100, which is practically the 
same proportion as Amesbury. 

That Margaret Wardour's chamber should be in the 
reredorter is not an unusual arrangement, as in later monastic 
days the regulations for using the reredorter appear to have 
been modified, judging by the number of instances in which 
this building has been curtailed. At Fountains the Abbot 
appropriated 40 feet of the lower end as an enlargement for 
his house. A similar curtailment occurred at Rievaulx, while 
at Lacock more than one-half of the old reredorter was incor- 
porated into an enlargement of the dorter. At Hulme, Netley, 
Fountains, and other places, the lower storey was used as a 
living room, with a fireplace, from the first. 

There were two distinct types of these buildings, the one 
and the commonest type was formed of a long chamber with 
the drain running down one side wall, over which were the 



1 The Monastery of Christ Church in Canterbury, by the Rev. R. Willis, 
M.A., F.S.A. (London, 1869), p. 87. 

2 The old English word " dorter," meaning a dormitory or sleeping place, 
occurs before the end of the 13th century, and was used continuously by 
monastic writers until the suppression and after. It is derived from the 
old French dortour or dortoir, which comes from the Latin dormitorium. 
See A New English Dictionary, iii, 507 Dortour, Dorter. 



368 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

seats, and the other divided into two chambers by a partition 
wall in the centre, against which were the seats back to back, 
with the drain occupying the whole lower storey, as at Furness, 
Whalley, and the lay-brothers' reredorters of Fountains and 
Kirkstall. "Every seate and partition was of wainscott, close 
of either syde, verie decent, so that one of them could not see 
one another when they weare in that place." 1 

In Cistercian houses the dormitorii necessaria were among 
the buildings that had to be visited by the Sunday procession. 

In the additional rules for the nuns of St. Bridget at Sion, 
we find "in the howse of secrete nede, silence is ever to be 
kepte." 8 

It was also to be visited every night by the searchers to 
see none lingered there. 

HAROLD BRAKSPEAR, F.S.A. 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 320. ) 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 

F. 

1651-1-22. Joane FEW, dau. of Richard Few, of Lavington 
Meeting. 

1653-12-26. Richard FEW, son of Richard Few, of Lavington 
Meeting. 

1656-7-3. Walter FEW, son of Richard Few, of Lavington 
Meeting. 

1659-2-10. John FLOWER, son of John and Ellinor Flower, of 
Corsham. 



1 Rites of Durham, Written 1593. Surtees Society, 15, (1842), p. 72, 

2 Aungier's History of Sion, p. 296. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 369 

1660-11-20. Daniell FEW, son of Richard Few, of Lavington 
Meeting. 

1661-10-21. Hannah FLOWER, dau. of John and Ellinor Flower, 
of Corsham. 

1663-7-2. Samuell and Jane FLOWER, twin son and dau. of 
John and Ellinor Flower, of Corsham. 

1664-4-6. Isaac FEW, son of Richard Few, of Lavington 

Meeting. 

1665-9-3. William FLOWER, son of John and Ellinor Flower, 
of Corsham. 

1666-2-21. Joseph FEW, son of Richard Few, of Lavington 
Meeting. 

1666-10-4. Christopher FREEMAN, son of Christopher Freeman. 
1667-5-6. Ruth FRY, dau. of John Fry, of Blackland. 
1667/8-12-11. Robert FREEMAN, son of Christopher Freeman. 

1669-2-25. James FLOWER, son of John and Ellinor Flower, 
of Corsham. 

1669-7-28. Charitie FREEMAN, dau. of Christopher Freeman. 

1671-7-6. Daniell FREEMAN, son of Christopher Freeman, of 
Maryborough Meeting. 

1673/4-1-8. Mary FREEMAN, dau. of Christopher Freeman. 
1676/7-11-12. Margaret FREEMAN, dau. of Christopher Freeman. 
1677-1-21. Elizabeth FILKES, of Purton Meeting. 

1679-9-20. Francis FREEMAN, son of Christopher Freeman, of 
Marlbro' Meeting. 

1681-9-6. Elizabeth FREEMAN, dau. of Christopher Freeman, of 
Marlbro' Meeting. 

1687-2-3. Mary FRY, dau. of Zeph. and Jane Fry, of Sutton. 

1688-11-30. Zephaniah FRY, son of Zephaniah and Jane 
Fry, of Sutton. 

1691-6-18. William FRY, son of Zephaniah and Jane Fry, of 
Sutton. 

1694-3-21. Richard FRY, son of Zephaniah and Jane Fry, of 
Sutton. 

1694-6-26. Mary FIFIELD, dau. of John and Mary Fifield, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1696-8-24. Jane FRY, dau. of Zephaniah and Jane Fry, of 
Sutton. 

1699-12-24. Margret FRY, dau. of Zephaniah and Jane Fry, 
of Sutton. 

c c 



37 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



G. 

1656-8-7. Steven GARDNER, son of John Gardner, of Purton. 
1659/60-11-1. Judeth GINGELL, dau. of Edward Gingell. 

1660-6-15. Thomas GARNER (GARDNER], son of John Garner 
[Gardner], of Purton [Lavington Meeting]. 

1662-1-25. Abygaile GENGELL, dau. of Edward and Sarah 
Gengell, of Charlcutt. 

1662-1-30. Alice GUDDERIDGE [GUDRIDGE], dau. of John Gud- 
deridge [Gudridge], of Purton [Lavington 
Meeting]. 

1662-2-4. Thomas GARNER [GARDNER], son of John Garner 
[Gardner], of Purton. 

1663-6-4. Mary GARNER [GARDNER], dau. of John Garner 
[Gardner], of Purton Meeting. 

1664-3-16. Jonah GENGELL, son of Edward and Sarah Gengell, 
of Charlcutt. 

1664-7-8. John GUDDERIDGE, son of John. Gudderidge, of 
Purton. 

1664/5-1-23. William GRIMES, son of William Grimes. 

1666/7-11-17. Hannah GARDNER [GARNER], dau. of John 
Gardner [Garner], of Purton Meeting. 

1666/7-1-25. Phillip GUDDERIDGE, son of John Gudderidge, of 
Purton Meeting. 

1667-4-21. Jonathan GENGELL, son of Edward and Sarah 
Gengell, of Charlcutt. 

1667-*-!. John GEY, son of Edward and Agnes Gey, of 
Lavington Meeting. 

1668-10-17. Ann [Anne] GRIMES, dau. of William Grimes, of 
Crickled. 

1668-9-12-6. Jeremiah GENGELL, son of Edward and Sarah 
Gengell, of Charlcutt. 

1669-7-4. Edward GEY, son of Edward and Agnes Gey, of 
Lavington Meeting. 

1669-8-2. Elizabeth GARDNER, dau. of John Gardner, of 
Purton Meeting. 

1672-4-7. Sarah GERRISH, dau. of Thomas and Ann Gerrish, ot 

Bromham. 
1672-4-12. Walter GALE, son of Charles and Joane Gale, of 

Foxham. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 371 






1672-10-18. Hannah GEY, dau. of Edward and Agnes Gey, of 
Lavington Meeting. 

1674-1-10. Edward GALE, son of Charles and Joane Gale, of 
Voxham. 

1674-8-15. Rebeckah GUDDERIDGE, dau. of John Gudderidge. 

1674-9-2. Mary GEY, dau. of Edward and Agnes Gey, of 
Lavington Meeting. 

1675-1-12. Hester GERRISH, dau. of Thomas and Ann Gerrish, 
of Bromham. 

1675-8-28. Adam GOULDNEY, : son of Adam Gouldney, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1676-9-25. Thomas GALE, son of Charles and Joane Gale. 

1677-5-10. Christian GERRISH, dau. of Thomas and Ann 
Gerrish, of Bromham. 

1677-6-8. Edward and Samuel GEY, twin sons of Edward and 
Agnes Gey, of Lavington Meeting. 

1678-2-25. John GALE, son of Charles and Joane Gale, of 
Voxham. 

1678-3-23. Mary GOULDNEY, dau. of Adam Gouldney, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1680-6-30. Jane GOULDNEY, dau. of Adam Gouldney, of Chip- 
penham Meeting. 

1680-12-11. James GALE, son of Charles and Joane Gale, of 
Voxham. 

1683-10-12. Thomas GOULDNEY, son of Adam Gouldney, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1698-8-8. Daniel GRANT, son of George and Ann Grant, of 
Bradford, clothier. 

1699-4-11. John GYE, son of John and Elizabeth Gye, of 
Market Lavington. 

NORMAN PENNEY. 
Tottenham, Middx. 

(To be continued^ 



1 A well -known Wiltshire name. The earliest, mention of the name in 
the Records is a marriage in 1674, and the latest is a death in 1761. There 
are four Adam Gouldneys in direct descent recorded. The name also 
occurs with frequency on the Minute Books of the Society in Wiltshire. 
See W. N. $ Q., Dec. 189(5, p. 178, where the date of the death of Mary 
Gouldney, the minister, should be 1716. 

C C 2 



37 2 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 323.) 



HENRY VIII. 

325,. Anno i. Robert Griffithe and John Milbridge ; 
messuage in New Sarum in " le Whele Rewe " in the parish 
of St. Thomas Apostle. 80 marks. 

326. Anno i. Thomas Horton and Thomas Long; 
messuage and land in Trowbridge. 

327. Anno i. William Rowswell and Robert Leusage, 
arm., and Jane his wife ; manor of Fedyngton, messuages and 
lands in Estlavington and Westlavington. ^104 sterling. 

328. Anno i. William Anstye and Elizabeth his wife 
and William Rycheman ; messuages and lands in Brodehenton. 
^30 sterling. 

329. Anno i. The King and George Haward, arm. ; 
manors of Wylye, Berwicke, North Newton, and Hulcote, 
messuages and lands in Wylye, Berwicke, Hulcote, Savernake, 
and Woore, with advowson of the churches of Wylye, Ber- 
wicke, and North Newton. ^1000 sterling. 

330. Anno i. Richard Blount, arm., and Richard Lyster, 
knt. ; manor of Wodrewe, messuages and lands in Wodrewe, 
Mylksham, Bromehame, and Ambresbury. ^140 sterling. 

331. Anno i. William Daly and Thomas Long; manor 
of Madyngton alias Wynterbourne Madyngtori ; messuages 
and lands in Madyngton alias Wynterbourne Madyngton. 
;i8o sterling. 

332. Anno i. Thomas Seymour, knt. of the most noble 
order of the garter, Lord Seymour of Sudeley, and Great 
Admiral of England and Andrew Baynton, arm. ; manor of 
Cornpton Chamberleyn, messuage, and lands in Compton 
Chamberleyn, and Bereford. 800 marks. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 373 

333. Anno i. William Button, arm., and William 
Smyth, and Mary his wife, daughter and heir of George 
Cluden, messuages and lands in Fulston and Wylton. ^30 
sterling. 

334. Anno i. Christopher Becke and Thomas Layton 
and Elizabeth his wife, messuages and lands in Warminster, 
Norton Bavent and Ensford. 200 marks. 

335. Anno i. Anthony Leeson and Walter Mohun, arm.; 
messuages and lands in New Sarum, Fysherton .... 
Byssett. Document damaged and illegible. 

336. Anno i. William Sheryngton, knt, and Andrew 
Baynton, arm., and Edward Baynton, gen. ; manors of Wrough- 
ton and Cheseldon ; messuages and lands in Wroughton and 
Cheseldon. ,160 sterling. 

337. Anno i. Henry Goldstone and George Ludlowe, 
arm., son and heir of William Ludlowe of Huldeverell, and Edith 
his wife; messuages and lands in New Sarum and Alwardbury. 
^35 sterling. 

338. Anno i. Thomas Chaffy n, gent., and John More, 
arm.; messuages and lands in Mere and Woodland. ^306 
sterling. 

339. Anno i. Henry Bull and William Sturnpe, gen.; 
messuages and lands in Cheppenham. ^56 sterling. 

340. Anno i. William Herbert, knt., and Humphrey 
Stafford, knt. ; manor of Dechington alias Dechehamp- 
ton ; messuages and lands in Dechington alias Dechehampton, 
with the advowson of the church of St. Andrew. 530 
marks. 

341. Anno i. Thomas Arundell, knt., and Fulke Grevyll, 
knt., and Elizabeth his wife ; manor, castle and park of Warder ; 
messuages and lands in Warder. ;6oo sterling. 

342. Anno i. Nicholas Snell, gen., and Thomas Wilton 
and Elizabeth his wife; messuages and lands in Semyngton. 
80 marks. 



374 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

343. Anno i. Edward, Earl of Somerset, and Henry 
Carye, arm. ; the hundred of Kynwardeston (with all its rights 
and liberties of frank pledge, court, etc., etc., given at length). 
^300 sterling. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.) 



MADDINGTON. ABBASTON MANOR. 



EXTRACT FROM MADDINGTON REGISTER. No. i. 

1659. Susannah, the wife of Mr. Thomas Gilbert, of Abbaeston, in 
this parish, was bured'ori the 26th of March, 1659. 

1661. Mr. John Gilbert, of Abeston, the elder, was buryed the Eleventh 
day of August, 1661. 

Abbaston Manor is identified by Sir R. C. Hoare and 
Canon Jones with the Winterbourne land of the Abbot of 
St. Peter's, Winchester. In the Exon Domesday it immediately 
follows Maddington, in the Hundred of Dole. 

By Sir R. C. Hoare it is identified with Asserton, in the 
parish of Winterbourne Stoke, for reasons given, but by 
Canon Jones with Rollestone, simply because he was convinced 
that Abbaston was close to Maddington, and there was no 
other unidentified manor. The sale of Mr. W. Davis' estate, 
occupied by Mr. W. K. Melsom, published the fact that it was 
the lost manor. This was some time after the publication of 
Canon Jones' Domesday, but it could not be altered, and he 
was not disposed to correct it. His assertion that Rollestone 
was transferred from Dole to Elstub and Everley had no 
authority beyond his own conjecture. Rollestone in the 
Domesday is given under Elstub Hundred. 

I had not then transcribed Maddington register, which 
confirms the identification of Abbaston. 



A Landlord's Caution to his Customers. 375 

The isolation of Rolleston in the midst of the Great 
Manors of the Lemoignes, in 1 Maddington, and Amesbury 
Abbey, and its singularly isolated existence, has led me to 
think that this was owing to its importance under a Saxon 
Lord, which was continued after the Conquest. That the 
King's Thane Cudolph appears to me not improbably to 
be the Saxon owner, and to suggest that he was the Domes- 
day owner who achieved the independence of the parish 
and manor, which has lasted to the present time. None of 
the other unidentified manors seem at all likely, and Sir 
R. C. Hoare's remarks as to the traces of early buildings 
south of the Church point to the fact that Rollestone virtually 
commanded the fords of the Winterbourne, on the old London 
and Exeter track, and would be the natural home of a lord 
who would execute the demands of law and justice among his 
neighbours and protect travellers when delayed by floods or 
deep snow from crossing the stream, or of continuing their 
journey over the plain as in 1881. 

FREDK. BENNETT. 
Exmouth. 



A Landlord's Caution to his Customers. The following 
lines, printed in antique type, on a broad sheet 23 inches by 
1 8, have for many years hung, in a heavy frame, on the wall 
opposite the bar window of the Lion and Fiddle Inn, at Hilper- 
ton. Being the only copy I have met with of a somewhat rare 
version, it may perhaps be worth recording in the pages of 
Wilts N. 6 Q. 

THE LANDLORD'S | KIND CAUTION TO HIS CUSTOMERS. | 

Right welcome all my Masters, that come here, 
To drink a Health of wholesome English Beer; 

My Liquor's good, I hope 'twill please you well, 
I'm sure there's none in Town can it excell : 

Call, Gentlemen, call, I'm ready for to sell. 



376 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



If I refuse to trust a Friend, 

He takes it in Disdain; 
If I him trust, or Money lend, 

My House he will refrain. 

Then judge, my Masters, in what 
Men of my calling be ; [plight, 

For when I do demand my right, 
My Friend proves Foe to me. 

I therefore am advis'd hereby, 
Where e'er I am a Dweller : 

To keep my Money in my Purse, 
My Beer within my cellar. 

If I trust, and ne'er am paid, 
'Tis true I am like to find; 

T'will make my Maltster so afraid, 
His Horses will go blind. 



Then if that ye no Money have, 
Nor none that ye can borrow ; 

I pray forbear to drink To-day, 
And I will trust To-morrow. 

But yet I will advised be, 
In any Thing that's just ; 

I'll give a Pot, nay two or three, 
But not one Farthing trust. 

Whoe'er ye are, think of the Shot, 

Or what Place e'er ye be ; 
He's welcomer that pays one Pot, 
Than he that scores up Three. 

If this kind Caution ye mind all, 
No Frowning will be then ; 

For if ye pay for what ye call, 
Ye are Welcome, Gentlemen. 



Gentlemen, ye are welcome, sit down at your Ease, 
Pay what ye call for, and drink what you please. 
Printed and Sold at the Printing Office in Bow-Church-Yard, London. 

It is enclosed within a finely engraved border, con- 
sisting of forty shields of arms ascribed to the different 
counties of England (reminding one of Speed's Maps, published 
in the early part of the i yth century), with the Royal Arms, 
and a Printer's device, in the centre at top and bottom. 

WILTONIENSIS. 



Wiltshire, 1707. Having in my possession a book en- 
titled Anglice Notitia : or the Present State of England, &c., 
published in 1707, I find the following passages which, I think, 
may be interesting to the readers of W. N. &> Q. 

Wiltshire, is in the diocese of Salisbury, 140 miles in circumference; 
contains about 876,000 acres, and 27,093 houses. A pleasant and health- 
ful air and soil ; the men are warlike and hardy : its rivers, Isis, Kennett, 
Avon, Willy and Nadder. Its chief commodities are sheep, wool, 
wood, and choice rabbits ot auburn chase. Here's knot-grass ordinarily 
15, sometimes 20 foot long; its long knots will fat swine. The woollen 
manufacture of this county is very great ; it has 304 parishes, and 23 



Bampfylde Moore Carew and Lord Weymouth. 377 

towns, besides the city of Salisbury; 70 miles from London; which has 
one ot the finest Cathedral-churches in the world, founded by Richard 
Poore, Bishop of Sarum, in the year 1216. It has as many doors as 
months, windows as days, and pillars as hours in the year. It? steeple is 
the highest spire of England; most of the streets of this city have 
rivulets running all along through them. Near it is the fam'd wonder of 
Stonehenge; the strange caves between Luckington and Badmington 
are supposed to have been the tombs of some great warriors. Hendon 
and Chippenham have great markets. Its chief seats are Marlborow- 
house and Allington-house, the Duke of Somerset's ; Eddington, the 
Duke of Boltoris ; Wilton and Falston or Fallersdown, the Earl of Pem- 
broke s ; Charlton, the Earl of Berks ; Longleat, Lord Viscount 
Weymouth's ; Wardour-Castle, Lord Arundel of Wardour's ; Darner- 
ham, Duke oi Newcastle. 

CHARITY SCHOOLS. Broad-Hinton, the Minister, teaches the poor 
children to read, Gratis. Deverel, 32 children taught, to which the Offer- 
tory is apply'd, and 4 per An. given by a private person. Salisbriry, two 
schools for 30 boys and 20 girls, all clothed, and taught to read, card, 
knit, and spin : so that some of the children earn i/-, 1/6, and 2/- per 
week ; for which 4.0 per An. is given by the Bishop. 

J. c. P. 



Bampfylde Moore Carew, and Lord Weymouth. In 

the December Cornhill is an article upon this " amazing vaga- 
bond," in which is related the following story : Carew, dis- 
guised as a shipwrecked sailor, on nearing Longleat fell in with 
another in the same plight as himself; after having been 
successful in obtaining alms and food at the mansion, they 
adjourned to a public house, and, having had a good carouse, 
separated. 

Shortly afterwards Carew was overtaken by two horsemen sent by 
Lord Weymouth to bring back the two sailors. When ushered into the 

great man's presence Carew was treated very roughly He 

was then removed to await the capture of his comrade, and soon that 
ragged gentleman entered the room where Carew was confined. They 
had just time for a hurried consultation together before they were again 
separated, and Carew was once more brought before the Lord of Long- 



37^ Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

leat, who thereupon, to the unbounded astonishment of the prisoner, 
disclosed the extraordinary fact that his ragged shipwrecked comrade 
was none other than himself! .... It seems that he was in the 
habit of thus playing the vagabond, partly to relieve a natural ennui, 
and partly to learn what was really going on in the neighbourhood of his 
vast estates. 1 should add that he insisted on Carew staying with him 
at Longleat some time 

Although G. E. C. in his Complete Peerage has some 
remarks about his character, he does not mention this idiosyn- 
cracy. What truth is there in this remarkable story ? 

A. J. S. 



Bennett. Can any of your readers inform me whether 
Wiliam Bennett, of Maddington, who married Mary Munday, 
of Shrewton, on 24th September 1721, is descended from the 
Bennetts of Pythouse, or the Bennetts (or Benets) of Norton 

Bavant ? 

F. BENNETT. 
Oakdene, 

Salisbury. 



Field Names. What do these names mean Conigre; 
Lippiatts; Cadley ; The Grovel These names all occur in 
Melksham Parish, and the first three elsewhere to my know- 
ledge. 

The Conigre is a name given to four or five enclosures 
which contain some of the best land in the parish, so that I 
cannot accept the derivation given by some that it means 
" rabbit warren ". As this was in ancient days a Royal Manor 
I suggest that this is an old word applicable to Royal Demesne 
lands. 

Lippiatts is also spelt Lypyates and otherwise. Yate or 
Yatt in some parts of England means a gate. If that be the 
case here, what does the first part of the word mean ? 



Old Sarum Kettle. 



379 



Cadley I know nothing about. 

Has The Grove any special meaning ? It is applied to 
three or four grounds. 

I may add that I have attempted to classify and extract 
the meaning from some 300 Field-names in Melksham Parish, 
all of which seemed to challenge attention. 

T. G. J. H. 



Old Sarum Kettle. A friend of mine showed me recently 
an " Old Sarum Kettle " (so called) which had been given to 
her. It was a piece of brown ware (new) made by Doultons of 




Lambeth, and bore the device, shown above, which I sketched 
as nearly as I could. Can anyone tell me anything about this 
device, if it has any meaning ? 

J. S. 



380 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Lady Close (vol. iii, p. 334). Perhaps an old enclosure, of 
which the rent was formerly appropriated to the service of 
some Church or Chapel dedicated to the Virgin. 

Here in Melksham there are two local names, " The Ladies' 
Pond," and " The Ladies' Ford," which, I expect, carry us 
back to the days when the Ladies of Amesbury were Ladies of 

the Manor. 

T. G. J. H. 



Flemings in Wilts (vol. iii, p. 334). Here are some 
names from Melksham which seem to be Flemish. Brouncker 
or Bronker ; Guppy, spelt Goupi in Aubrey and Jackson ; 
Stantials; Brabant; Yude; Haverd; Mas/in (perhaps Mechlin) ; 
Vanderplank; Ghent; Certain or Sartain; Par/it or Perfect; 
Jordan; Olivier. 

With regard to Flemish-looking houses, I lately saw, in 
an illustrated magazine, a drawing of typical Flemish or Dutch 
houses. They at once reminded me of certain houses in 
Melksham, Beckington, Road, and elsewhere, where the 
clothing industry was once prevalent. 

T. G. J. H. 



[Perhaps we might add, Clutterbuck, Goddard, Bruges, Paradise, 
all of which names are still to be found in Holland or Bel- 
gium. Bradford has been called the "English Bruges." 
En.] 



Amesbury Church. 381 



Amesbury Church (vol. iii, p. 298). Mr. Kite says, " If 
these papers at Longleat had not come to light, the identity of 
the present parish Church of Amesbury with that of the dis- 
solved Monastery which had previously been a matter of 
general acceptance might never have been questioned," &c. 
Why should it not have been questioned ? If Mr. Kite 
supposes that my view originated, in any way, from the Long- 
leat papers, he is entirely mistaken. I contend that it is pre- 
cisely since the publication of Canon Jackson's paper, and 
partly in consequence of such publication, that this theory has 
been gaining ground and becoming established as an accepted 
opinion. Mr. Kite also speaks of Mr. Ruddle and myself, as 
if we had raised a new question, for the first time, at the 
Amesbury meeting. I consider that what we then did was 
simply to dispute a view, which, though it may not be new, is 
at any rate, of entirely modern origin. I do not think Sir 
Richard Hoare says anything to show that such an opinion 
was prevalent, when he wrote, or that he held it himself. I 
shall be glad if anyone can tell me when it was first put for- 
ward. I have been given to understand that it was in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century, but I have been unable 
to obtain any definite information on the point. If that was 
the time, the idea would appear to have sprung up when the 
building of Lord Carleton's house and the subsequent altera- 
tions by the Duke of Queensberry had almost entirely obliter- 
ated the traces of the monastic buildings, and, no doubt, 
obscured the traditions associated with them. In the early 
seventeenth century, when the site of the nuns' church may 
probably have been remembered, it does not appear to have 
been heard of at all. 

C. H. TALBOT. 
Lacock Abbey. 



382 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



on 



COMPLETE BARONETAGE. EDITED BY G. E. C. VOLUME I. 
1611-1625. Exeter: William Pollard & Co., Ltd., 39 
& 40, North Street, 1900. 

All those who have the good fortune to possess, or be 
acquainted with, that truly monumental work the Complete 
Peerage, compiled by G. E. C., will hail with pleasure the issue 
of the first volume of the Complete Baronetage by the same 
learned and accurate writer, whose name now is no secret. 
The work is to be in eight volumes (harmonious with the 
Peerage), the first treating only of those English and Irish 
Baronetcies created by James I. There is a long preface, 
consisting ol twelve pages, by which we learn that, the creation 
of this title does not seem to have been an original idea of 
the British Solomon or of his "little beagle," William de la 
Pole and his heirs (according to Sir Robert Cotton, the anti- 
quary) having had letters patent in 1339 conferring on them 
the dignity of Baronet in return for a sum of money ; this is 
succeeded by a list of printed Baronetages, beginning with that 
of Arthur Collins (the well-known editor of Collins' Peerage] 
in 1720; at the end of the volume is a list of subscribers, 
which ought to be, and would be, much longer if people were 
aware of the merit and increasing value of this work. 

We append some notes on Baronetcies connected with our 
County, created by James I : 

SAINT JOHN. Cr. 22 May 1611, afterwards (1716) Viscounts 
Bolingbroke and St. John; John St. John, of Lideard Tregos, 
s. and h. of Sir John St. John of the same, by Lucy, da. and h. 
of Sir Walter Hungerford, of Farley. 

SEYMOUR. Cr. 29 June 1611, afterwards (1750) Dukes of 
Somerset ; Edward Seymour, of Bury Castle, co. Devon, Esq. (he 
was the eldest son by the first wife of the Protector, but was not 
the heir apparent to the peerage, there being a spec. rem. to the 



Notes on Books. 383 



heirs male of the body of the grantee by his second wife failin 
which, &c. ;) his descendant Sir Edward, ot Bury and Maiden 
Bradley, Wilts, succeeded in 1688, this son Sir Edward (by his first 
wife Margaret, da. and co-h. of Sir William Wale, of North Luffen- 
ham, co. Rutland, Alderman of London,) of Bury and Maiden 
Bradley, succeeded in 1708; Sir Edward Seymour, son of the 
last-named (by Letitia Popham, of Littlecote,) succeeded in 1740, 
having married at Monckton Farley 5 (not 8) March 1716-17, Mary, 1 
da. and h. of Daniel Webb, of that place, and Melksham, Wilts, by 
Elizabeth, dau. of John ; and sister and heir of Edward Somner. 

BRUDENELL. Cr. 29 June 1611, afterwards (1628) Baron 
Brudenell, (1661) Earl of Cardigan, (1868) Marquess of Ailesbury. 

ENGLEFIELD. Of Wootton Basset, cr. 25 Nov. 1611, ex. 
21 March, 1822. 

GORGES. Of Langford, cr. 25 Nov. 1611, afterwards (1620) 
Baron Gorges, ex. Sept. 1712. 

BURDETT. Cr. 25 Feb. 1618-9. In 1797 Francis Burdett 
succeeds, being of Foremark (near Repton), and of Ramsbury 



1 As a widow she lived for some years until her death in what is still 
(or was until quite lately) called the Great House at Seend ; over the porch 
on the north side, carved on a stone shield, is a fesse dancetty ermine as 
borne by Somner ; these arms with a field vert are also placed on the 

Tipper and Somner Monument ; her signa- 

/fA /) * ture occurs only once in the Seend Church- 

ll II I m/i"+-Pa-l~ wardens' Book at the bottom of the Easter 

Jl/i J Qt/lO IJ / Vestry minutes, 1759, her son, Lord William 

Seymour, signing on her behalf on all 

other occasions. She lies buried with her mother in the Nave of Seend 
Church : " Here lye the remains of her Grace, Mary Dutchess Dowager of 
Somerset, Daughter and Sole Heiress of Daniel Webb, of Monkton Farley, 
in the County of Wilts, Esq., and likewise Sole Heiress to her Uncle Edward 
Somner, of this place, Esq., who departed this Life Feb. 1st, 1768, aged 70. 
Here also lyeth Elizabeth Webb, her Grace's Mother, who departed this Life 
Oct. 2nd, 1725, Aged 72. On a lozenge ensigned by a ducal coronet 
SEYMOUR (with augmentation but without the usual quarterings) in pre- 
tence a fesse dancetty." Our authority for this inscription, now so many 
years illegible, is The Monumental Inscriptions of Wilts, 1821 ; the arms 
are partly covered by a pew and SOMNER is invisible ; this is the only 
instance known to the writer where these arms occur on the shield of 
Seymour ; they are, we believe, not registered to this family in the College 
of Arms, although they may be to SOMERS-COX, who still bear them, 
and the family is not mentioned in the printed Visitation of 1623, except as 
ignobilis. 



384 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Manor, (grandson and heir,) son and heir of Francis Burdett, by 
Eleanor, dau. and coheir ol William Jones, of Ramsbury. 

LEY.- Cr. 20 July 1619, afterwards (1623) Baron Ley, (1626) 
Earl of Marlborough, ex. 1679. James Ley, of Westbury, the well- 
known lawyer and statesman, youngest son of Henry Ley, of 
Teffont Evvyas, by Dyonisia de St. Mayne, was the first Baronet and 
Earl of Marlborough. 

HICKS. Cr. 21 July 1619, afterwards (1834) HICKS-BEACH. 
In 1834 Michael Hicks Hicks-Beach succeeds, being of Williamstrip, 
co. Gloucester, and Netheravon, (great nephew and heir), son and 
heir of Michael Hicks Hicks-Beach, of Netheravon (son and heir of 
Michael Hicks-Beach, by Henrietta Maria Beach, of Netheravon). 

MOODY or MODY. Of Garesdon, cr. u March 1621-2, ex. 
presumably 1661. The first baronet was a son of Christiana, dau. 
and co-heir ot John Barwick, of Wilcot. 

BUTTON. Of Alton, afterwards of Tockenham Court, cr. 18 
March 1621-2, ex. 29 Nov. 1712. 

The whole volume is illustrated with numerous notes, 
gathered from all sorts of sources, which sufficiently relieve 
what many might consider the dry-as-dust dulness of such 
works. 



PEDIGREE WORK : A HANDBOOK FOR THE GENEALOGIST, 
&c. By W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L. London : 
Phillimore & Co., 124 Chancery Lane, 1900. 

This shilling booklet, by a well-known expert, issued on 
purpose to aid the young genealogist, will prove useful to 
even some of the more experienced " searchers after truth ". 
Amongst other instructive matter it gives a large number of 
Sources of Information, consisting of Public Offices, MSS. and 
printed documents. At the end is a list of Regnal Years from 
the Conquest up to date. Consisting of nearly 80 pages it can, 
however, be carried with ease in the breast pocket. 




COUNSELLOR GOODENOUGH. 



JEotes an* <auerie$L 



MARCH, 1901. 



THE GOODENOUGHS OF SHERSTON. 1 




HOSE who have read Dean Spence's highly interest- 
ing article, " The City of the White Walls," in 
Good Words of April and May 1894, can hardly 
doubt the identity of Sherston Magna (a little 
town five miles west of Malmesbury) with the 
" White Town in the bosom of the wood " of Lly warch Hen's 
ancient British poem, commemorating the crushing defeat of 
the British by the Saxons at the battle of Deorham, A.D. 577, 
and the destruction of the three cities of Bath, Gloucester, 
and Cirencester. The wood has long withdrawn its shelter 
from Sherston, but the scars of battle remain in the neighbour- 
ing earthworks and signs of military occupation, while a 
fighting man is still the sign of one of its oldest hostelries, the 
redoubtable " Rattlebones " himself, whom one is inclined to 
regard as a sort of incarnation of the old warlike spirit of the 
place. 

1 In the absence of property-deeds and with but very slight informa- 
tion as to lands held by the Goodenoughs, the writer of this paper can only 
offer a few notes upon -a family of some mark in their day, introducing 
documents, one at least of which can hardly fail to be read with interest, 
as bearing upon public events of the time at which it was written. 

D D 



386 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

But our subject has to do with far more modern, though 
still somewhat turbulent times; and the traveller in passing 
through Sherston to-day, admiring, as he certainly will, its 
lofty church tower, its lych-gate, and the fine old yew-tree in 
the churchyard, can hardly fail to notice the tombstones of the 
Goodenough family, with their ancient but well-kept appear- 
ance and quaintly simple inscriptions : 

" Here lyeth the Body of John Goodenough." 
"Here lie the Bodies of Thomas and Mary Goodenough." 
Nothing more no eulogies, and not even a date, on these 
two more prominent stones, although there are at least three 
others close by with long inscriptions to members of the same 
family. The details have not been easy to procure, but it is 
most probable that John Goodenough (a son of Thomas and 
Mary), whose will was dated August 23rd, 1749, was the 
person who left a bequest for the keeping up of the tomb- 
stones ; and from time to time the succeeding trustees, after 
doing their duty by the tombs, have met and dined together in 
accordance with the wishes of the testator and founder of the 
feast. 

Other inscriptions under the shadow of the yew-tree are 
to the memory of Richard Goodenough, attorney-at-law, who 
departed this life April i6th, 1692, aged 77. Ann, his wife, 
died Nov. 28th, 1689, aged 76. Francis, their son, attorney- 
at-law, died August 26th, 1728, aged 77. John Goodenough, 
" Batchelor of Physick ", died August 5th, 1718, aged 72. 
Rachel Goodenough, died Oct. 1722, aged 76. Mr. Richard 
Goodenough, attorney-at-law, died Dec. 25th, 1752, in the 6oth 
year of his age. These and many others of the same name 
are to be found in the Sherston parish register, which dates 
from I653, 1 and there is little doubt that the following entries 



1 The family was located in Sherston many years before the earliest 
register or tombstone dates, as seen by a reference to the Court Rolls of the 
Manor of Sherston in the Bodleian library mentioned by Canon Jackson in 
note to Sherston Magna {Aubrey and Jackson, p. 108). Here the name 
of Richard G-oodynough, " libri tenenti," with a clerkly signature, occurs 






The Goodenoughs of Sherston, 387 

may be taken as representing the grand-parents and parents 
of two large families, which, with their descendants, comprised 
many Richards, Rachels, and Johns, the prevailing names in 
the Goodenough family. 

"Mergery, the wife of John Goodenough, dyed on the i2th 
day of June (1656), and on the i6th day of the same June was 
buryed." 

" John Goodenough dyed on the 2nd day of March (1658), 
and on the 5th day of the same month was buryed." 

" Francis Goodenough dyed on the loth day of April (1666), 
and on the i4th day of the same April was buried." 

" Edith Goodenough, widow, was buried on the 3ist day of 
August, 1678." 

"Mrs. Ann Goodenough was buried on the first day of 
December, 1689." 

"Mr. Richard Goodenough was buried April i8th, 1692." 

The will of Edith Goodenough, 1 of Great Sherston, widow, 
after leaving to son John Goodenough various agricultural 
implements, and " that bed which is the best of my beds except 
two which are better ", continues as follows : 

" Also the sum of ^30 for which my said son hath given a penall 
bond to my daughter Anne, which was my money, and the bond taken 
in trust for me shall be remitted to him and said bond cancelled and 
delivered up to him, and I also remit to him all debts due by him to me. 
Also to said son John half a dozen of my pewter dishes and my best 
brasse pot and one brasse kettle being my best kettle except two, and 
one of my spits and the pewter flagon which was my father's. 

" To son Smart Goodenough my table board with the double frame 
standing in the parlour and my great yeating (?) stoue in the Little 
Court. 

"To son Francis Goodenough my wedding ring. To Edith my 
daughter, the now wife of Richard Tylor, 10. To every one of my 



several times in the years 1585-8 ; he served on the juries, sometimes made 
excuses not to serve, and was prosecutor in a suit against Francis Drew 
when he paid for a licence to plead, evidently given to litigation, and a 
fitting progenitor of a long line of attorneys-at-law, if not himself in the 
profession. 

1 Probate granted 9th Oct., 1678, to Anne and Sarah Goodenough. 
No. 21 Archdecry. Wilts. 

D D 2 



388 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

grandchildren los. apiece. All the rest of my goods, chattells, cattle, 
corn, hay and other my worldly estate to my daughters Anne and 
Sarah Goodenough, whom I make joint executors." 
Witnesses, Richard and Francis Goodenough. 

Ann Goodenough, spinster (daughter of Edith), made her 
will in 1692 (proved 28th April of the same year, No. 100, 
Archdecry. Wilts), and left : 

" To cousins Richard and ffrancis Tyler, sons of Richard Tyler, gent., 
of Wootten-under-edge, by my sister Edith, $ apiece. 

"To Richard and Anne, children of Jonathan Nelmes, of Wootten- 
under-edge, clothier, by Mary his late wife, daughter of the aforesaid 
Richard Tyler, ^5 apiece. 

" To my brother John Goodenough all my close of arable land lying 
in the North field of Great Sherston which I purchased of Benedict 
Hall and Elizabeth his wife for his life, with reversion and remainder 
after decease of said brother to Francis Goodenough, son of my brother 
Smart Goodenough, merchant, and his heirs for ever. 

"To said brother John Goodenough .10. 

"To my sister Sarah, the wife of John Scott, is. 

"To brother John Goodenough all that barne with the garden be- 
longing situate in Great Sherston which I purchased .of my said brother 
John, and which was formerly in the possession of John Cong, to him 
and his heirs for ever. Rest and residue to brother Smart Good- 
enough, whom I make whole and sole executor. 

" Item, my will is that my brother John shall have all my timber and 
tyle." 

These two wills make it clear that the family of Edith 
Goodenough (wife probably of Francis) consisted of John, 
Smart, Francis, Ann, Sarah, and Edith. Of these, one at least, 
Smart Goodenough, had a history and a career away from his 
native county. It may be safely said that he was a successful 
London merchant, residing sometimes in Holland, where, at 
Dordrecht, in 1669, a son Francis was born, who matriculated 
at St. Edmund Hall 4th December, 1687 ; student of the Inner 
Temple 1689 (Foster's Inns of Court Register). From 1692 to 
i72o : Smart Goodenough resided at Barton Grange, in the 



1 Communication was kept up with Sherston, as shown by an entry in 
the diary of another member of the family in 1711, mentioning the payment 
of 10*. by one John Wicks "towards Cousin Smart (Joodenough's debt". 



The Goodenoughs of Shersion. 389 

parish of Pitminster, near Taunton,' which he had purchased 
from the Coventry family, situated in a beautifully wooded 
park, and formerly the summer residence of the Priors of 
Taunton. In the list of High Sheriffs for the county of 
Somerset we find the name of Smart Goodenough, esq., for 
the year 1699; he was patron of the living of Pitminster, and 
there in 1696 a daughter, Henrietta, was married, at the age 
of 19, to William Earle, of the Middle Temple. Another 
daughter, Anne, married Joseph Milner, a merchant of Leeds 
and Rotterdam, from whom is descended the present owner 
of Barton, Mr. Francis Murray Newton, who has kindly 
supplied this information. 

But to return to the branch more largely represented at 
Sherston, we find Richard Goodenough, 1 attorney-at-law, who 
died in 1692, Anne his wife, and their children Thomas, 
Richard, John, Francis, and Rachel. There is little doubt 
that the principal residence of this branch of the family from 
about the middle of the iyth century was the large old house 
at Easton Town (a suburb of Sherston adjoining Pinkney), 
now in the occupation of Mr. Goodenough Hillier, the present 
representative of the family. In a deed of some Estcourt 
property in 1718 mention is made of " a messuage and lands in 
Easton Town in possession of Thomas and Francis Good- 
enough, gents., of the yearly value of ^25", and as there are 
very few messuages of any kind in Easton Town, it may well be 
conjectured that the Goodenoughs purchased whatever landed 
property they possessed of Sir Thomas Estcourt, the then 



' In the will ot Thomas Gore, the antiquary, of Alderton, three miles 
from Sherston (date 1683), the item occurs : " To my friend Mr. Richard 
Goodenough of Easton Town 20s. for a ring" (Archccol. Mag., No. 40, Vol. 
xiv). These Goodenough attorneys probably had a fair share of the legal 
business of the country-side, their signatures occurring early in the 18th 
century in deeds of the families of Gore, Child of Heddington, and 
Alexander of Somerford, as previously related in this magazine (Vol. ii, 
p. 407). The statement that they were actually an Irish family is now 
regarded as doubtful, though there was a long connexion with Ireland, and 
it is probable that descendants of the family may still be found there. 



390 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

owner of the Pinkney estate, or his heirs. Situated on the 
confines of Pinkney Park, and approached by a short private 
road, the most marked feature of this interesting old home- 
stead is the "fishpond" in an enclosed shrubbery at the foot 
of the sloping ground near the house. Great trees overhang 
the deep, dark pool, the Pinkney brook runs close by, adding 
to the charm of this weird, secluded spot, where, in days gone 
by, these old-time physicians and men of law must often have 
walked and pondered their cases ; and, as we shall see, there 
is more than a suspicion that some of the sinister schemes of 
a turbulent time may be traced to a member of this Sherston 
family. 

In looking up the records of the past, there is always a 
slight risk of discovering that one of your ancestors was 
hanged for sheep-stealing, and in the present case it certainly 
came as a surprise that the perhaps more respectable crime of 
high treason nearly brought to a bad end two at least of the 
Goodenoughs, who went from Sherston forth into the great 
world to plot and intrigue against their lawful sovereign. The 
Dictionary of National Biography gives: "Goodenough, Richard, 
flourished 1686, conspirator and attorney of bad repute, who 
contrived nevertheless to obtain the under-sheriffdom of 
London, which he held in turn with his brother Francis for 
some years." The tale goes on, and tells of packed juries, 
riots, indictments, fines and imprisonment, leading up to the 
Rye House Plot in 1683, in which Richard Goodenough was 
deeply implicated, and which caused him to seek an " Asylum 
in the Low Countries". A reward of ^100 was offered for his 
capture ; a true bill was found against both the brothers for 
high treason, and both were outlawed. Monmouth's rebellion 
brought Richard back to England, where he rose in high 
favour with that unfortunate aspirant to the crown, and was 
appointed his Secretary of State; but the rout at Sedgemoor put 
an end to all such dreams, and Goodenough, after nearly 
making good his escape, was captured and brought to London. 
His life was spared, and he was eventually pardoned in order 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 39 i 

that, as he had been in the thick of the plot, he might turn 
King's evidence and swear away the lives of his fellow-con- 
spirators. After a time he judged it best to keep out of the 
way, and at the trial of Charlton in May 1689 was not forth- 
coming when called upon. Richard Goodenough was certainly 
not born to be hanged, and, according to Swift, he went to 
Ireland, where he practised his profession, and where he died. 
A few more particulars may be gleaned from one of the 
authorities quoted by the Dictionary Thomas Sprat's A True 
Account of the horrid Conspiracy against the late King a 
copy of which is in the Guildhall Library. The various 
witnesses in their depositions swore to having met Mr. Richard 
Goodenough (under-sheriff to Mr. Bethel and Mr. Cornish, 
late sheriffs) in company with Wade, Nelthrop, and West, "all 
barristers-at-law," at the Sun Tavern behind the Royal 
Exchange, the Salutation Tavern in Lumbart Street, the 
Dolphin Tavern, Richard's coffee house, and the Young Devil 
Tavern ; the brother Francis also being implicated. Most of 
the witnesses testified that they had been asked how many 
men they could procure to get rid of "the Blackbird and the 
Goldfinch " (the King and the Duke) ; Goodenough himself, 
who was " a rich man and would be free of his purse ", offering 
to contribute " about 3 score in plate and 50 or 3 score in 
gold, and had he more it should all go to the same use". 
William Hone, a joiner, deposed that Mr. Richard Good- 
eno'ugh came to him in Clifford's Inn, where he was at work, 
and told him he wanted " labourers", and would supply money 
to buy horses and arms. Hone was also employed by 
Goodenough to make a secret place in the roof of his house, 
" large enough for a man ", to hide anything in dangerous 
times. None of the documents so far examined give 
parentage or birthplace, but there can hardly be a doubt that 
Mr. Under-Sheriff Goodenough and his brother Francis were 
members of the Sherston family sons, in fact, of the Mr. 
Richard Goodenough, attorney-at-law, mentioned in Thomas 
Gore's will ; a search among some State papers in the British 






392 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Museum 1 having resulted in the discovery of Goodenough's 
" Confession", or, rather, his " information against the Earl of 
Stamford", written in Newgate ist Nov. 1685, the small, fine 
writing of this document being almost a facsimile (the signa- 
ture remarkably so) of the writing in a letter, a year or two 
later, from Richard Goodenough to his father at Sherston. It 
is likewise almost certain that the portrait of " Counsellor 
Goodenough" (see illustration), so labelled on the back, is that 
of the notorious conspirator himself. The portrait is a copy 
of a small oil painting in the possession of a descendant of 
the family, the dress is that of the Stuart period. No other 
member of the family is known to have been a barrister, 
and the following copy of admission from the records of the 
Middle Temple is quite satisfactory, the date and the previous 
admission to the Inner Temple pointing in the right direction 
as to age : 

"Feb. 5 1678. Mr. Ric'us Goodenough films s'c'dus Ric'i Good- 
enough de Sherstone in com. Wilts, gen. admissus est in societatem 
Medii Templi specialiter. Prius fuit admissus in societatem Interioris 
Templi 8 die July 1671." 

The following letter, already referred to, is in itself of 
considerable interest, and, though the rebellious spirit was no 
doubt tamed, and caution in speech was advisable, the party 
bias is still evident, and also the fact that the writer enjoyed 
the sympathy of his family. 8 The address of the letter is gone, 
and the blank side of the half sheet of paper is covered with 
legal notes and law Latin in another hand. 



1 Lansdowne MS. 1152A,/. 298. Since writing the above this document 
has been compared side by side with Richard Goodenough's letter to his 
father at Sherston, and the opinion of Mr. Scott, keeper of the MSS. at the 
British Museum, is given in the following words: "I have no doubt 
that your letter is a holograph of the conspirator." 

3 Sarah, the grandchild of Richard Goodenough, gent., was buried 9th 
Feb. 1683 (Sherston Parish Register). Probably a child of the son Richard 
and his wife Sarah ; the date being coincident with one of the under- 
sheriff's many " trials", it may well be that his family tooktrefuge at 
Sherston under the paternal roof. 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 393 

" Deare Bro : pray convey this L're vnder written to our father &tell 
Betty yt her mother wounders she hath not rec'd any L're from her of 
late though desired, nor whether she hath rec'd ye Muff Box sent her by 
Wiltshire. 
"Sr 

" I rec'd not yor L're of ye 6th Instant before yesterday. Osborn hath 
appeared to ye Bill & I want a Com'rs name for to see ye Answere 
sworn, as to Cousin Adye I can say no more than I have already said. 
So soon as I have ye Bill for ye 10/2. I will go again to Mr. Cooper & 
endeavour to despatch ye affaire with Isaac, inclosed is ye writt for 
Cousin Scott. I had not opportunity to learn who is Vnder sheriff of 
Cambridgeshire, but it is probable yt he lives in Cambridge. If my 
cousin goes to Mr. Richard Pike, an attorney-at-law living in Cambridge, 
& tell him yt he was recom'ended to him by Mr. Seth Powell, of 
Barnards Inne, he will assist him, paying him what is reasonable for his 
paines. I spake with Mr. Powell, & he hath given liberty to vse his 
name. 

" A Bill to sett Gates right having past ye house of Com'ons hath 
taken vp ye L'ds 3 dayes time, & ye further debate thereof is putt off 
vntill to-morrow. Some of ye L'ds endeavor to throw it out of ye House. 
The K. of ffrance is endeavouring to take vp at 6//. per cent, about one 
Million & a half sterling. A Popish ffrench merch't of this City hath 
rec'd a L're from ffrance intimateing yt Mr. D'Avaux hath desired ye K. 
to recall him from Ireland for yt the late K. J. employes his cheifest time 
in hunting & is governed by his Priests & is now building a Chappie 
& yt he will not hearken to men of business & Experience, & there- 
fore to contend for him will be to no purpose, ffrom London Derry 
the Gazett will informe you yt ye Beseiged hold out stoutly, ytye Enemy 
are very much weakened, yt they have made severall attempts vpon ye 
Town & yt they have been as often repulsed with great loss. That in 
an Attack vpon a Windmill a whole Regim't was cut off except ye Lt.- 
Colonel & 15 men, & yt they had again attacked on ye 29th of June 
ye same place but with no better Success, yt Kirke gives the Enemy 
frequent Alarmes by landing his men. ffurther the L'res say yt ye Town 
had ye 3oth of last Month 2 Months Provisions & 7,000 men, yt the 
co'ication Kirk had with ye Town was by one yt swam from his Vessell 
in ye night & that he returned ye same way back again, yt he had tryed 
severall other wayes w'ch all proved vnsuccessfull. I am much troubled 
to heare you are in a worse Condition of health than vsuall, I pray ye 
Lord in mercy to restore yo'r health perfectly. I intend to buy ye 
p'spective desired. My duty to yo'r self & my mother & love to my 
Bro : & Sister, &c. I am, 

" Yo'r obedient Son, 



"nth July 1689." 




394 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

It had long been taken for granted that this letter, pre- 
served between the leaves of an old family Bible, and containing 
so many allusions to Ireland, was written from Dublin, but a 
more careful reading shows at once that the writer was evi- 
dently in communication with Barnard's Inn, and aware of 
the daily incidents of a Parliament, which was certainly the 
English one, therefore probably resident in London. Good- 
enough had indeed been " pardoned " a year or two before, 
and perhaps the accession of William and Mary enabled him 
again to hold up his head and resume the practice of his pro- 
fession. That he went to Ireland, as Swift says, and there 
ended his days, is proved from the following wills, obtained 
from the Four Courts, Dublin, the persons named in them 
appearing also in other wills of the Sherston family. 
WILL OF RICHARD GOODENOUGH, 1708. 

"The 24th day of September 1690, I, Richard Goodenough, of the 
Middle Temple, London, gent., Do make and publish my last Will in 
manner and forme following : First I give and bequeath my Soul into 
the hands of Almighty God, my Creator and Supporter, and as to those 
Worldly Goods God of his Bounty hath lent me, I give and devise them 
to my dear and loving wife ; also I give unto my said dear wife and to 
her heires for ever all my Right, Title and Interest, both in Law and 
Equity, in all my Lands, tenements and hereditaments lying in the 
county of Bucks, with all my other lands, &c., whatsoever, scituate in 
any other place in the Kingdom of England, not doubting but she will 
make the best provision she can tor the support of my two daughters, 
and I appoint my said wile executrix of this my last will and testament 
delivered by the said Richard Goodenough in presence of Ja. Strangways, 
Walter Drew, Mary Drew." 

WILL OF SARAH GOODENOUGH, 1720. 

" I, Sarah Goodenough, of the city of Kilkenny, widow, relict and 
sole executrix of Richard Goodenough, late of the city of Dublin, Esq., 
deceased, do make this my last will. All my lands in Great Britain or 
elsewhere to be sold, and out of the money arising from the sale I leave 
to my grand-daughter Sarah Sayer .150 and my two silver cans 
without a crest and six silver spoons. To my grandson Richard Clarke 
my silver tankard. To my grand-daughter Elizabeth Clarke a pair of 
silver salvers. Rest and residue to my exors. James Clarke, ot the city 
of Kilkenny, Esq., my son-in-law, and my daughter Elizabeth his wife. 
To every one of my grand-children living at the time of my death 
a broad piece of gold." 

Signed 22nd January 1716. Probate granted to James Clarke, of 
Kilkenny, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, nth January 1720. 



The Goodenoughs q/ Sherston. 395 

John Goodenough, another son of Richard and Ann, has 
left a portion of a will which, though it must have been made 
some years before his death 1 (as he is mentioned in his sister 
Rachel's will of 1722), and could not have been exactly carried 
out as then made, is yet most useful as a family document ; it 
is not dated, but from internal evidence must have been 
written about the year 1710. 

" In the Name of God, Amen, I, John Goodenough, of Eastontown, 
in the parish of Sherston Magna, Physician, 2 being above 70 years old 
and in good health and of sound mind, do make and ordain this my last 
will and testament as followeth : And first I resign my soul to God who 
gave it, and my body to the earth to be devoutly yet frugally interred in 
the churchyard of the Parish where I shall happen to die, without a 
sermon, the expences of my tuneral not to exceed ten pounds. 

" To my brother Thomas Goodenough, and to my sister Rachel Good- 
enough, five pounds apiece in 6 months after sale of estate. To my 
brother Francis Goodenough my horse, bridle and saddle, my silver 
tankard, and all the rest of household goods. To my nephew Francis 
Goodenough, eldest son of my brother Thomas, my reversion and 
remainder in my messuage situate in Littleton Drew in the county 
of Wilts, wherein one William Wimbow now dwelleth. Item, I 
give and devise unto Charles Bailiefe of Segary, in the county of 
Wilts, gent., and to William Montjoy of Biddeston, in said county, gent., 
and to Benjamin Derby of Blandford, in the county of Dorset, clerk, 3 all 

1 Mr. John Goodenough was buried 23rd August 1723 (Sherston Parish 
Register}. The inscription upon one of the tombstones to John Goodenough, 
"Batchelor of Physick," 1718, must refer to another person, perhaps the 
J. G., son of Francis and Edith. 

' 2 The following " receipt for diet drink", found with the old papers, 
may be a specimen of the physic witli which Doctor Goodenough dosed his 
patients. It is headed " A special electuary for ye cough of ye longes or 
any other distemper in ye bodie. Take maydenheyre hertstongue sarmander 
agrimony hidwort. scabious horehound coltsfoot of each 8 handsfull. To 
this take half a pojuuLjofJuie searcht l^icorish and as much searcht rootes of 
Aly campany (?), ye hearbs must seeth in 6 gallons of water till they come 
to 2 gallons then strayne them forth and to ye liquor put your powders and 
3 quarts or a gallon of honey and soe lett it boyl till it bee as thicke as 
treacle. This you must use for ye cough of ye loungs mornings and 
evenings, as much as a good nutmegg either of itselfe or in 2 or 3 spoone- 
fulls of warm beere. And for other paynes or ackes or distempers take half 
a spoonefull and better and heat it hot in beere and give it ye party to 
drink and lett him lye downe and sweate." 

3 Rector of Glanvilles Wootten, Dorset, and Master of Blandford School 
about 1710, a noted school where a good many years before Aubrey 
recovered his health and got his " latin and greeke". 



396 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

* . 

my messuages, lands and tenements in Sherston Magna aforesaid, upon 
trust that they shall sell the same, and after discharging my debts, 
funeral expences and legacies, the remainder shall be disposed as 
followeth, namely: The moiety or one-half thereof to the use and behoof 
of my nephew, John Goodenough, 1 youngest son of my brother Thomas 
(as being least able otherwise to provide for his maintenance) to be set 
out at interest by my said trustees, and the product thereof to be im- 
ployed for his maintenance and education, and paid unto the said Mr. 
Derby, so long as my said nephew shall be continued under his care 
and tuition, which I desire may be untill he shall attain learning sufficient 
to render him very fit for further progress in the studdy of Arts and 
Sciences in some University or for some other liberal or ingenuous im- 
ployment as his genius and disposition shall then incline him to embrace 
and (his circumstances considered) shall be thought most expedient for 
his future well-being by my said trustees, with the assistance of my 
brother, Francis Goodenough, which I request of him if then surviving. 

" Item, I give and bequeath the surplus of the other moiety from the 
sale of my said lands unto my nephew Richard, second son of my 
brother Thomas Goodenough, and to my grand-nephew, the eldest son 
of my niece Elizabeth, now wife of James Clarke, of Dublin, attorney, 
to be equally divided between them. And as to the share hereby given 
to my said nephew, Richard Goodenough, my will is that the interest 
shall be paid to his master James Clarke aforesaid yearly towards my 
said nephew's clothing and other necessary expences." (Unfinished.) 

Rachel Goodenough, spinster, sister of the physician above, 
made her will in October 1722 (Proved 2nd Jan. 1722, P.C.C., 
No. 7 Richmond) as follows : 

"To brother John Goodenough 5. To brother Thomas Goodenough 
;io. To nephews Richard and John, sons of brother Thomas, ^10 
apiece. To Elizabeth, wife of Mr. James Clarke, a daughter of brother 
Richard, late deceased, 10. To the four children of said James and 
Elizabeth Clarke one guinea apiece. To Ruth, now wife of Thomas 
Mason and daughter ot said brother Thomas, 10 and all such money as 
she now owes me. To Sara Sayer, in the Kingdom of Ireland, whose 
mother was the daughter of my said brother Richard, .10. To Mary 
Baker, daughter of Joseph Baker, deceased, by said Ruth, 10. To 
Rachel Baker, sister of said Mary Baker, .15. All wearing apparel, 
linen and woollen, to be equally divided and delivered to said Mary and 



1 Baptized 14th June 1700. It is probable that this boj was sent to 
Winchester, and not to Blandford after all, as the following entry from 
Kirby's Winchester Scholars, in spite of the slight discrepancy as to age, 
no doubt applies to him: " 1711, Goodenough John, Oct. 8, Easton, Wilts." 
He may have been of the " Founder's Kin", though there is no mention of it, 
as in the case of many of the name of Goodenough at Winchester. 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 397 

Rachel Baker when they shall be fit to wear them. To Mary, now wife 
of said brother Thomas Goodenough, 2 guineas, she having attended me 
in my sickness. All rest and residue to my brother Francis Goodenough, 
my sole executor." 

After the deaths of the aged brother and sister, John and 
Rachel Goodenough, the surviving members of the family in 
Sherston were: Francis, an attorney, who died 1 in 1728 aged 77, 




and Thomas (wife's name Mary), who died in 1726, leaving 
several children, he being apparently the only member of the 
family who left descendants, excepting Richard, whose 
daughters remained in Ireland. The sons of Thomas and 
Mary Goodenough, all mentioned in the draft of their uncle 
John's will, were Francis, Richard, and John, the latter being 
in all probability the man who left the bequest about the tomb- 
stones. There was also a daughter, Ruth, who married first 
Joseph Baker, having daughters, Mary, who was married 
about 1730 to Solomon Jones, of Luckington, and Rachel, who 
became the wife of John Newport ; their mother's second 
husband being Thomas Mason, by whom she had a son, 
Richard. Thomas Goodenough's second son was another 
Richard, who, as we have seen, had been articled to his 
relative by marriage, Mr. James Clarke, of Dublin ; and the 



1 No mention of wife or children, but a Francis Goodenough is 
mentioned in the pedigree of Lyte of Easton Percy (Jackson's History of 
Kington St. Michael) as having married, perhaps about 1680, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Isaac Lyte, alderman of London. This may very likely have 
been the Francis mentioned above, who must have spent many years in 
London if (as is almost certain) he were the fellow conspirator and under- 
sheriff. 






398 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

following letter shows that in 1726 he was practising the law 
in that city : 

"To Mr. Richard Goodenough, at the Sign of the Golden Ball, High 

Street, Dublin. 

"Youghal, 14 Jan. 1726-7. 
" Sir, 

" Yours of the 7th Instant I have before me, and remember the 
receipt of a former which was mislay'd and therefore not answered. I 
remember nothing of the Note you mention and wonder it should be as 
you write, especially since I find by my Sermon Notes I preach'd Noah 
Cliffs Funeral Sermon and was paid for it. But if it be as you write I 
hope to be in Dublin soon in the Summer and will discharge the Note 
and would do it sooner but that I have lately paid four hundred pounds 
sterl. and thereby emptied myself of Ready Cash for the present. In the 
mean time I must Expostulate with you for threat'ning to issue out a 
Presse (?) to the Outlawry for so trivial a sume against a Clergyman and 
the Chaplain of two English Noblemen who are very tender of their 
privilege and seldom fail to punish any that should presume to breake in 
upon it. Not to mention that the Note (which at present 1 know nothing 
of) must be proved. I suppose you are an Attorney, who are usually 
men better affected to the Gown ; you'l excuse this gentle reproof 
from your Humble Servant, 

"ARTHUR D'ANVERS." 1 

Another letter from Dublin in 1729 to the same Richard 
Goodenough shows that he had returned to Sherston; and 
there is reason to believe that he died unmarried in 1752 at a 
house in the main street of Sherston, which had belonged to his 
uncle Francis, having evidently come in for a good deal of the 
family property. 

" To Mr. Richard Goodenough at Sherstone, near Malmesbury, Wilts. 

"Dublin, i5th Nov. 1729. 
" Dear Sr. Richard, 

" I think I now have a Call on you fora L're this being my fourth, and 
tho' in the midle of Term yett have sufficient time to tell you there is 
little or no business in the Courts the Excheq'r seldom sitting more than 



1 The letter bears a seal showing a chevron between three mullets, the 
ancient coat of Danvers (see Aubrey, plate xvii, No. 299). The present 
rector of St. Martin's, Looe. Cornwall, has kindly given the information that 
the Rev. Arthur d'Anvers was rector of that parish for a year or two from 
April 1715, the patron of the living about that time being the Duke of 
Bolton, and later the Duke of Cleveland, so these may possibly have been 
the " noblemen " to whom Mr. d'Anvers was chaplain. 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 399 



two Howers a day and sometimes not one, ever since the begining ot 
the term there have not been about 18 Causes sett down for all this term, 
you may by that see in what miserable circumstances we are in, but we 
must live to Expect better times. Our Parliament here are upon the 
best contrivance to assist us that they can and we still hope somthing 
may be don or way found out to help us, they have agreed to a Bill for 
the borrowing of 220,000/2". by way of Lone on their security to pay 
off the Debt of the Nation, they propose to have it at 6 p. cent, but 
where the money will be found we know not except they gett it out of 
England. I had a L're from George Higgins who gives you many 
thanks for your present to him, he tells me your cheese stood him in 
great Stedd the other day on your Tenas (?) Walke where he p'duced 
it before a Parcell of Huntsmen. I have don nothing yett with Capt. 
Hinds who putt me off from time to time tho' several times appointed 
to meet me. Tho' I have writt several times to Mr. Myhill can't have 
the favour of an Answer. Mr. Mason says he has not sold the Effects as 
yett nor pd the prior debts, hopes in a short time to doe it. Damer is 
not come to town this term as yett. Capt. Spencer did not goe off as 
I wrote in my last but hath been Detained by Contrary winds but hope 
you'l have your Effects before this comes to hand. 1 I believe I have by 
this almost Tyred you, our friends here are well and Laughing Jenny 
Rogers desires to be remembered p'ticularly. Pray give my humble ser- 
vice to your Brother and accept the same from he that is 

" Dr Dick your very Humble Servant 

" J. WAKFIELD. 
" My Mother and Sister desire to be remembered to you." 

The will (with codicil) of Richard Goodenough of Great 
Sherston, gentleman, was proved 2oth February 1753 (45 
Searle), and disposed of his possessions as follows : 

" To brother John Goodenough the piece of ground called the 
summer lug tyning in the parish of Bagpath in the county of Glo'ster, 
also messuage or tenement with ground called Laycroft in the parish of 
Littleton Drew, Wilts, immediately after my decease to him and his heirs 
for ever. To John Shipway, Esq., of Rodborough, Glo'ster, and William 
Burgh of Pinkney, gent., all my messuages, closes, lands, and tenements 
in Great Sherston to the use and behoof of my cousin Mr. Edward Clarke 
for his life, and after his decease to use and behoof of John Jones, one of 
the sons of Solomon Jones by Mary his wife my niece, and to his eldest 
son and heirs, or in default to the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth or 



1 The letter was franked by Thomas Clutterbuck, and, from a jotting 
on the cover, it was not received in Sherston till the 3rd of December, 
though when the winds were not contrary, intercourse between Dublin and 
Sherston (about 20 miles from Bristol) could not have been very difficult, 
and seems to have been kept up pretty frequently by the Goodenough 
family. 



4OO 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



every other son of said John Jones, or in default of such issue to Ship- 
way Jones, another of the sons of said Solomon and Mary Jones, and to 
his sons in order as before, or failing such issue to Francis Jones, eldest 
son of said Solomon and Mary Jones and to sons as before, or else to 
same trustees for use of John Newport, son of John Newport by Rachel 
his wife, my niece, for his life, and afterwards to my nephew Richard 
Mason and his heirs. 

"To sister Ruth Mason 20. To cousin Hannah Shepley, wife of 
the Rev. Mr. John Shepley, .100. To nephew Richard Mason 20. To 
my said niece Mary Jones 20. To niece Rachel Newport 20. To 
niece Ann, wife of David Rice, 20. To niece Sarah, wife ot Alexander 
(corrected in codicil to Israel) Holborow, 20. To Mr. Francis Lodge, 
attorney, of Dublin, 10, and to Mrs. Sarah Milsum, of Pinkney, 20. 
To cousins Eliz'th Clarke, elder and younger, ^50 apiece to buy 
mourning. To said trustees 20 apiece. To said John Jones ^400. 
To William, son of Daniel Thompson, labourer, of Sherston, 10 to 
apprentice him to some trade. Rest and residue to trustees for benefit 
of said John Jones." 

Signed i8th May 1752. 

Codicil 7th December 1752. 

" To cousin Mr. Edward Clarke all sums of money owing to me upon 
the estate ot Daniel Ready, Esq., by two several judgments entered in 
His Majesty's Court ot Exchequer in Dublin at my suit. To David 
Rice, husband of my niece Ann Rice, ^5 and my furnace and brewing 
vessels, my largest Budget Pot and my Mare, bridle and saddle. To 
Mrs. Sarah Milsum my great Kettle for washing, and do forgive her all 
debts. 

" To Mrs. Jane Weeksy of Sherston 10. To Cousin Elizabeth 
Clarke the younger my gold watch and all my silver plate. My six best 
shirts to nephew Richard Mason, and all the rest of my shirts to Mrs. 
Sarah Milsum. To John Wicks the younger ^5 as a reward for his 
honesty and care in my business. To brother John all my books. To 
Sarah Singer the elder ;5 as a reward for her care and trouble in my 
illness. To Mr. William Burgh my largest looking-glass now in the 
parlour, and to John Shipway, Esq., my best Clock." 




By way of postscript it may be worth while to notice a 
curious old record of accounts in diary form, 1710-25, entitled 
" Praters ", which, though it is unsigned, was most likely kept 
by Francis Goodenough, attorney and ex-conspirator, 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 401 

" Brother Thomas " and " Brother John " being mentioned in 
the contents, which are written in a fine scholarly hand, some- 
times quite microscopical, Latin terms being freely used 
through the pages. The beginning is lost, but an immense 
amount of minute detail remains, all concerning " Work don in 
and ab't Praters", a house in Sherston in which the writer took 
up his abode in xyio, 1 and employed a little army of workmen in 
repairs and various kinds of labour. The name of Prater 
occurs in the early part of the Sherston register, and the house 
in question (though the name seems lost) was most likely the 
one next the "Tollsey" in the main street of Sherston, where 
the last Richard Goodenough is known to have lived. More 
than fifty names occur through the book, which is in some 
respects quite a village record. Stone was obtained from Mr. 
Child and " Cousin Nathaniel Power", there was a good deal of 
timber hauling, cellar-digging, filling up of a " quar " and 
"poole" with the mixon or anything that came handy, as well 
as ordinary farm labour. There are columns of id'm, t'b'm, and 
the words ml, mane, tantum, often occur. Sunday was pay- 
day, and the wages were mostly is. a day, but sometimes "it 
rained all day, nil", and "Nil Monday" is very suggestive. 
A few extracts will give some idea of the potterings of these 
" forefathers of the hamlet ", as well as of the humour of their 
master, whose former career had been such an eventful one. 

Sept. 18. Brush went off at 10 to mow his barley. 

21. Our fair day, most of the men went to fair between 10 

and 1 1 of the clock mane. 

1711. March 4. Thomas Holborow came voluntary after his impudence. 
May 12. John Wicks, contrary to order, being influenced by 
Thomas Holborow, made a great thick wall against the 
rock in the cellar, left for a chimney stack, for wh. I 
will allow nothing, so this must be set down for half a 
day only. 

Thomas Holborow for spoyling my cellar J a day and 
turned him off. 



1 " Memorand. yt the llth Dec. 1710, being the shortest day, was the 
first night I lodged at Praters house alone." 

E E 



402 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

June 6. John Mason carried the Jams from the hollow way, 

near Rice's mill, i load and 2 loads from my Quarr at 

Hankie Hill, 
ii. Paid lazy Roger Wicks for i week's sawing and 

Loitering, 8s. 

July 10. John Hobbs went off to the masons, now their man. 
August 24. Wm. Wimbow tantum i day finished the kitchen loft 

after a cobbling manner. 

Sept. 6. Jona Hayes fetched water with Mr. Cresswell's barrel. 
Oct. 31. Wm. Wimbow tantum \ day making one cubbord over 

the passage dore and went away like a K. 
Nov. 3. Wimbow came but went away agen, would not let him 

have his tools. 

1712. Oct. 17. David Rice digged some stones out of the bowling 

green garden, gathered some kidney beans and threw 
a little earth into the Quar & watered the horse 
twice, abt. f a day. Idem came \ an hour after 8 and 
went away before sunset ? a day. 

Dec. 5. Paid Jona Hayes's widow for her pick ax is. 6d. 

Jan. 23. John and Tho. Mason went at 10 mane to Noble X 
and sawed off and clove out the old trees. I was with 
ym. 

24. John Mason carried the wood, it was one good load, 
but he made two journeys for it. Idm ibm 5 a day the 
rain beat him off. 

Feb. 17. Shrove Tuesday pd. Tho. Mason 33. 6d., and for 
looking to my horse 6 weeks, the horse being lame 
and troublesom, therefore I allowed him 8d. per 
week, so I pd. him js. 6d., being his full demand and 
id. over for everything except ffaggoting, gave him the 
odd penny to go to Mr. Cresswell's for me. 
19. Tho. Mason went for me to Luckington for white 
rasberries and afterwards went to Mamby for Robt. 
Hunt to come and arrest James. 

28. Idem fetching rasberries from Bro. John's pd. Gabriel 
Kingson in money 43. 6d., in parsnips and potatoes 53., 
debt 4d. 

1713. March 30. It rained and a very cold day, Gabriel had the gripes, 

nil. 
April i. Idem digged in the bowling green and set some beans, 

3 rows, amongst the collett stumps. 
10. Idem went home sick after a little work mane. 
2i. Gab. K. came at 2 and went off at 5 with J. Wicks to 

Surrenden to reach Rooks. 

July 24. John Wicks abt the studdy window and pulling open 
the best chamber window ; i day staid almost 3 hours 
at dinner. 



The Goodenoughs of Sherston. 403 

27. Idem i day put 2 thin stones on the Tunn of the 
kitchin chimney and took ym down agen and fetched 
in some street dirt for mortar, and picked out the 
rotten lintel of the window and looked after a new 
lintel. Idem one day cut off and hewed a new lintel 
and walked abt to see for another, but could find none, 
a poor daies work ; he saies there is i4d. yet due to 
him. I say not. 
Sept. 14. Pd. young Bingham for 9 sacks of Lyme IDS. 6d. ; he 

cheated me of a sack and sold it to Giles Hitchens. 
15. Thomas Maris, of Wootton Bassett, abt Tacks in 
buttery and study, stopping rot holes in Cockloft i day. 

1716. Mar. 25. Tho. Mallard went down to Bristow with Cousin 
Dick. I pd. him 33. to bear his charges, he did not 
com up before ye 27th, n in the morning. 

1716. May 24. Richd. Weeks and his boy here i day, they set up the 
bedstead in Parlour chamber, put up the settle in the 
kitchen, hung up the two window leaves over ye 
parlour, put on'locks and cut out and scraped som stuff 
to darken ye window in ye chamber over my study. 
June 25. Roger Wicks and Tho. Deverell felled 4 oakes in 
Tweenwoods and cut ym above ground like Rascalls, 
so yt I lost 12 foot of timber thereby ; John Holliday 
carried the trees home, used me ill that I had not 
those carried out of Holfords Ham. Note yt all the 4 
trees were pollards and grew in the hedges except one, 
which was a small one and a Maiden tree. 

The entries become fewer and fewer in the years just 
before the writer's death in 1728, the last of his generation. 
Most, if not all of the Goodenough possessions in Sherston 
ultimately came to Mr. Shipway Jones, to whose memory 
there is a marble tablet in Sherston church stating that he 
was "great-grandson of Thomas Goodenough, Esq., and Mary 
his wife", and that he departed this life Feb. i8th, 1825, aged 
88 years. Mr. Jones lived at the old house in Easton Town 
already referred to, and was a famous sportsman with dog and 
gun and a crack shot at the snipe. His first wife, Dorothy 
(Hillier), died in 1802, and a second wife, Anne (Purnell), sur- 
vived him till 1863, leaving one daughter and only child, who 
married Mr. William Hillier of Easton Town; their only son, 
as already stated, being the present representative of the 
Goodenough family. MARY 



E E 2 



404 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES, 

BRATTON. 



(Continued Jrom p. 354.^) 
RECOVERY ROLL. [Trinity. 7 Anne. r. 195.] 

A.D. 1708. i Henry Kelsey demands against Thomas Hors- 
WILTS. J nell, gentleman, 6 messuages, 10 gardens, 155 
acres of land, 40 acres of meadow, 70 acres of pasture, 10 acres 
of wood, and common of pasture for every kind of beast, in 
Easttowne, West Ashton, Steeple Ashton, Bratton, and West- 
bury. John Marvyn, vouchee. 

DEEDS ENROLLED [Recovery Roll. Trinity. 10 Anne. r. i.] 

A.D. 1711. Indenture tripartite made 23 May 1711 between 
Richard Long, of Rood Ashton, Wilts, esquire, and Richard 
Long the younger, gentleman, son and heir apparent of the 
said Richard Long the elder, of the first part ; Michael Collins, 
of the Middle Temple, London, gentleman, of the second part; 
and Henry Horton, of the Middle Temple, gentleman, of the 
third part. Witnesseth that Richard Long the elder and the 
younger for 55. to each of them have sold unto the said Michael 
Collins : the manor of Rood Ashton alias Chappell Ashton, 
and a messuage and land, &c., there in the parish of Steeple 
Ashton, the manor of West Ashton and farm and land there : 
diverse tenements situated in the vills and parishes of Steeple 
Ashton, Westbury, Bratton, Semington, and Hinton, co. Wilts : 
and also all that messuage or tenement now or late in the 
possession of John Whitaker and Philip Ballard, and other 
tenements and lands in Steeple Ashton, and property in the 
parish of Filedean, Wilts, with all rights belonging to the 
premises ; to the use of Michael Collins his heirs and assigns ; 
to the intent that he may be perfect tenant of the freehold of 
the premises until one or more perfect recoveries may be had 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 405 

against him, the said Michael Collins, of the same premises 
with their appurtenances. And it is covenanted between the 
said parties that it shall be lawful for the said Henry Horton, 
before the last day of Trinity term next the date of the 
presents, to present out of the Court of Chancery a writ or 
writs of entry sur disseizin in le post against Michael Collins, 
whereby he may demand the premises against him, &c. [accord- 
ing to the form of recoveries]. And that the recovery so to be 
had shall be and enure. And Henry Horton, his heirs, and all 
other persons whatsoever that now are or hereafter shall be 
at any time seized of the said manors and other premises with 
their appurtenances immediately after the passing of the said 
recovery, shall be seized of the said manors and premises to 
the uses to be declared by indenture bearing even date with 
the presents. In witness, &c. 

IBID. [Trinity. 10 Anne. r. 149.] 

A.D. 1711. } Henry Horton, gentleman, demands against 
WILTS. I Michael Collins, gentleman, the manors of Rood 
Ashton alias Chappell Ashton and West Ashton, with the appur- 
tenances and 23 messuages, i toft, 26 gardens, 800 acres of 
land, 50 acres of meadow, 1,200 acres of pasture, i acre of 
wood, 8s. i\d. rent, and common of pasture for all beasts, and 
free fishery, with the appurtenances in Rood Ashton alias 
Chappell Ashton, Steeple Ashton, West Ashton, Hinton, 
Seamington, Bratton, Westbury, &c. 

Richard Long, senior, esquire, vouchee, who called 
Richard Long, junior, gentleman, to warranty. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Hillary. 6 George II. r. cclxxxi.] 
A.D. 1732. i Simon Michell, esquire, and John Chambre, 
WILTS. J gentleman, demand against William Phipps, 
esquire, 5 messuages, 16 orchards (?), 9 gardens, 100 acres of 
land, 300 acres of meadow, 300 acres of pasture, 10 acres of 
wood, and common of pasture for all beasts, with the appurten- 
ances in Westbury, Brooke, Hawkeridge, Hey wood, and Bratton. 
Thomas Phipps, esquire, vouchee. 



406 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

IBID. [Trinity. 12-13 George II. r. 12.] 

A.D. 1739. 1 William Hooper demands against Solomon 
WILTS. I Hughes, gentleman, i messuage, 2 gardens, 5 
acres of land, and common of pasture for all cattle, with the 
appurtenances in Bratton and in the parish of Westbury. 
Richard Hooper, vouchee. 

IBID. [Michaelmas. 31 George II. r. 143.] 
A.D. 1757. "1 John Davy, gentleman, demands against Francis 
WILTS. J Fawkes, gentleman, the manor of Leigh and 
Ludborn, with the appurtenances and 45 messuages, 4 mills, 
410 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, and 174 acres of 
pasture, and also three-fifth parts of 1 50 acres of wood, and 
common of pasture for all cattle, with the appurtenances in 
Westbury-under-the-Plain, Dilton, Bratton, Leigh, Brooke, 
Brembridge, Penley, Haywood, Hawkridge, Southwyke, and 
North Bradley. 

The Rev. Grandville Wheler, esquire, and Granville 
Wheler the younger, vouchees. 

IBID. [Easter. 33 George II. r. 284.] 

A.D. 1760.1 John Davis, gentleman, demands against Thomas 
WILTS. J Fosbrooke, gentleman, the manor of Leigh and 
Ludborne, and other property as above recited. Granville 
Wheler, esquire, and Granville Wheler the younger, esquire, 
vouchees. 

IBID. [Easter. 4 George III. r. 468.] 

A.D. 1764.1 John Hughes, gentleman, demands against 
WILTS. J George Green, gentleman, 13 messuages, 8 
gardens, 90 acres of land, 20 acres of pasture, and common of 
pasture for all cattle, with the appurtenances in Bratton and 
Westbury, and in the parish of Westbury. William Aldridge 
Ballard, vouchee. 

FEET OF FINES, WILTS. [Trinity. 6 George III.] 
A.D. 1766. At Westminster on the morrow of the Holy 
Trinity. Between Thomas Whitaker, gentleman, plaintiff, and 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 40? 

Broadhead Baleard, spinster, and William Free, gentleman, 
and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants of 13 acres of land, 13 acres 
of meadow, and 13 acres of pasture, with the appurtenances in 
Bratton, in the parish of Westbury. Plea of covenant was 
summoned. Broadhead, William, and Elizabeth acknowledged 
the right of Thomas, and quitclaimed from themselves and 
their heirs to Thomas and his heirs. And moreover Broadhead 
granted warranty against herself and her heirs forever, and 
William and Elizabeth granted warranty against themselves 
and the heirs of Elizabeth forever. For this Thomas gave 
Broadhead and William and Elizabeth 60 sterling. 

IBID. [Easter. 6 George III.] 

At Westminster fifteen days after Easter Day. Between 
W T illiam Salmon, gentleman, plaintiff, and Sarah Prior, spin- 
ster, and Elizabeth Hooper, widow, deforciants of a messuage, 
a garden, 2 orchards, 2 acres of land, 2 acres of pasture, and 
common of pasture, with the appurtenances in Mulborne and 
Bratton, in the parish of Westbury. Plea of covenant was 
summoned. Sarah and Elizabeth acknowledged the right of 
William as of their gift and quitclaimed from themselves and 
their heirs to William and his heirs forever. And moreover 
each granted warranty against herself and their heirs forever. 
For this William gave them 60 sterling. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Michaelmas. 9 George III. r. 13.! 

A.D. 1768.1 William Shaw demands against Godfrey Kettle, 
WILTS, j 6 messuages, 10 gardens, 170 acres of land, 50 
acres of meadow, 70 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and 
common of pasture for all cattle, with the appurtenances in 
Eastown, West Ashton, Steeple Ashton, Bratton, and West- 
bury. Toby Chauncy esquire, vouchee. 

IBID. [Trinity, 19 George III. r. 139.] 

A.D. 1779. 1 Robert Smith demands against Godfrey Kettle, 

WILTS. J 6 messuages, 10 gardens, 220 acres of land, 70 

acres of meadow, 70 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, and 



408 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

common of pasture for all manner of cattle, with the appurten- 
ances in Eastown, West Ashton, Steeple Ashton, Bratton, and 
Westbury. William Henry Chauncy, esquire, John Richards, 
and Mary his wife, and Anna Maria Chauncy, spinster, 
vouchees. 

FEET OF FINES. [Divers Counties. Trinity. 29 George III.] 

A.D. 1789. At Westminster three weeks after the Feast 
of the Holy Trinity. Between Henry Thomas, esquire, plain- 
tiff, and Thomas Viscount Weymouth, and Thomas Thynne, 
esquire, deforciants of the Hundred of Warminster, and the 
appurtenances, and of the manors of Warminster, Devirill, 
Longbridge .... Bratton .... and the parks of 
Longleat and Corsley .... and of 623 messuages, n 
mills, 9 dovehouses, 630 gardens, 8,200 acres of land, 3,800 acres 
of meadow, 5,650 acres of pasture, 780 acres of wood, 3,500 
acres of furse and heath, ^19 125. ^d. rents, common of 
pasture, free fishings, warren, court leets, courts baron, per- 
quisites of courts, view of frankpledge, and other privileges 
in Warminster, Corsley .... Imber, &c., in Wilts, and 
of estates and tenements in Somerset and Gloucestershire. 
Plea of covenant was summoned. The Viscount and Thomas 
Thynne acknowledged the right of Henry as of the gift of the 
Viscount, and quitclaimed from themselves and their heirs to 
him and his heirs forever, and moreover granted warranty 
against themselves and their heirs forever. For this Henry 
gave them ,33,160 sterling. 

FEET OF FINES. WILTS. [Trinity. 30 George ///] 

A.D. 1790. At Westminster three weeks after the Feast of 
the Holy Trinity. Between James Beaver, plaintiff, and John 
Helps, and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants of 2 messuages, 4 
gardens, 30 acres of land, 1 5 acres of meadow, 1 5 acres of 
pasture, and pasture for 6 beasts and 60 sheep, with the appur- 
tenances in Bratton, and the parish of Westbury. Plea of 
covenant was summoned. John and Elizabeth acknowledged 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 



409 



the right of James and quitclaimed from themselves and their 
heirs to him and his heirs forever. And moreover they 
granted warranty against themselves and the heirs of John 
forever. For this James gave them ^100 sterling. 

IBID. [Easter. 34 George III.] 

A.D. 1794. At Westminster fifteen days after Easter Day. 
Between George Rabbits, gentleman, plaintiff, and William 
Aldridge Ballard, esquire, and Hannah his wife, deforciants of 
2 messuages, i cottage, i malthouse, 2 barns, 2 stables, 2 
gardens; 2 orchards, 45 acres of land, 7 acres of meadow, 7 
acres of pasture, and common of pasture for all manner of 
cattle, with the appurtenances in Bratton, in the parish of 
Westbury. Plea of covenant was summoned. William 
Aldridge and Hannah acknowledged the right of George as of 
their gift, and quitclaimed from themselves and the heirs of 
William and granted warranty against themselves and the 
heirs of William forever. For this George gave them ^60 
sterling. 

RECOVERY ROLL. [Easier. 40 George III. r. 202.] 
A.D. 1800. \ John Cope, gentleman, demands against Richard 
WILTS, j Debarry, gentleman, i messuage, i barn, 2 
stables, 2 gardens, 60 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, and 
60 acres of pasture, and common of pasture, with the appurten- 
ances in Westbury, Haywood, and Bratton, and in the parish 
of Westbury. Richard Kebby and Ann his wife, and John 
Kebby, vouchees. 

IBID. [Michaelmas. 45 George III. r. 135.] 
A.D. 1804. > William Nethersole, gentleman, demands against 
WILTS. J Charles Septimus Portal, gentleman, 17 messu- 
ages, i fulling-mill, 14 gardens, 90 acres of land, 26 acres of 
meadow, 96 acres of pasture, and a moiety of 26 acres of 
meadow and 26 acres of pasture, and common of pasture for 
all manner of cattle, with the appurtenances in Leigh, West 
Ashton, Westbury Leigh, Westbury, Kingston Deverill, 
Crowswell Downs, Hoopers, Bratton, Dilton, and the parishes 



4io Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

of Westbury, Westbury Leigh, and Kingston Deverill. 
Edward Frowd Seagram, and Mary his wife, vouchees. 

FEET OF FINES. WILTS. [Trinity. 6 George IV.~\ 

A.D. 1825. At Westminster three weeks after the Feast of 
the Holy Trinity. Between Joshua Whitaker, plaintiff, and 
Thomas Whitaker, and Sophia his wife, deforciants of 2 
messuages, 2 barns, 2 granaries, 4 gardens, 4 orchards, 100 
acres of land, 40 acres of meadow, and 40 acres of pasture, 
with the appurtenances in Bratton, in the parish of Westbury. 
Plea of covenant was summoned. Thomas and Sophia 
acknowledged the right of Joshua, and quitclaimed from 
themselves and the heirs of Sophia to Joshua and his heirs 
forever. And moreover granted warranty against themselves 
and the heirs of Sophia forever. For this Joshua gave them 
^"200 sterling. 

E. M. THOMPSON. 
(To be continued.) 



SOME NOTES ON THE DELAMERE FAMILY, AND 
THEIR CHANTRY AT MARKET LAYINGTON. 



The family of Delamere [de la Mare] is said to have 
originally sprung from the neighbourhood of Caen, in Nor- 
mandy. After they had migrated into England, and the parent 
stock had taken a firm root under the Norman kings, their 
name appears, in the i3th century, as landowners in the 
counties of Essex, Hertford, Oxon, Somerset, and Wilts. In 
Somersetshire they were lords of the principal manor of 
Nunney (formerly Nunney Delamere}, near Frome, where the 
ruins of their castle, which was either completed or wholly 
rebuilt by Sir John Delamere about the middle of the i4th 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 



century, 1 yet remain, as well as some of their tombs, with 
effigies, in the parish church. 

In Wiltshire their name still survives in two villages 
of which they were once lords Fisherton Delamere, in the 
vale of Wylye ; and Leigh Delamere, near Chippenham. In 
1322 Sir John Delamere and his wife Alice obtained from the 
Bishop of the Diocese a licence for an oratory within their 
manor of " Langley and Lye " 8 now Langley Burrell and 
Leigh Delamere which property they appear to have sold in 
1343. They were also early landowners at Market Lavington, 
and Winterbourne Gunner the latter so-called from a lady 
Gunnora Delamere who held it in the reign of Henry III. 3 

At Wanborough we find a Hugh Delamere in 1329. This 
Hugh, with his brother Richard, and their parents William 
and Agnes Delamere, were among the individuals especially 
commemorated in a Chantry founded within the Chapel of 
St. Katherine, at Wanborough, by Emmeline, widow of 
Stephen Longespee, Justiciary of Ireland, 4 before 1276, and 
subsequently augmented, in 1336, by John de Wambergh, 
Canon of Wells. 

They also had property at Berwick Basset and Compton 
Basset, which may have come into their hands through the 
marriage of Sir Helias Delamere, who died in 1308, with 
Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Adam Basset. 

In the reign of Henry III [1216-1272] we find the name 
of Delamere as landowners in Market Lavington. 5 Their 

1 Sir John obtained the necessary licence from the Crown to fortify 
his building here, 47 Edw. Ill [1372-3]. 

2 Mortival Register, Sarum. 

3 Gunnora de la Mare died in 1248, seised of the manors of Alsiscote. 
co. Oxon, and Winterbourne, co. Wilts. Inq. p. m., 33 Hen. Ill, No. 38. 

4 Younger son of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury, by his wife 
Ela, heiress of D'Evreux, and Foundress of Lacock Abbey. 

5 The name is variously spelt Staple, Stuple, Steeple Lavington, Cheping 
Lavington, Lavington Forum, and Market Lavington all from its now 
extinct market, which was held weekly on Wednesday. Also East Laving- 
ton as a distinction from the neighbouring village of West, or Bishop's 
Lavington. 



412 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

property here was held directly of the Crown, by military 
service at Devizes Castle. The exact tenure is thus explained 
in the Hundred Rolls of the 3pth year of this reign [1254]. l 
Under the heading " Of Wards of Castles", the jurors for the 
hundred of Rubergh 2 present that " Richard de Rokell owes to 
the Ward of the Castle of Devizes twenty shillings by the year, 
in the time of peace, 3 for his land in Lavinton ; and Robert de 
[la] Mare owes twenty shillings to the same Ward, by the year, in 
the time of peace, for his land in the same town; and Richard 
Paynell owes twenty shillings for his land in Littleton [Little- 
ton Paynell in West Lavington] ; and they render the same 
Ward at the feast of Saint Michael, and in the time of war every 
of them owes by the year Ward in the same Castle, in their proper 
persons, by forty days, at their own costs." 

From the Inquisitions post mortem, and other sources, we 
are enabled to trace with tolerable accuracy the descent of the 
manor in Market Lavington which belonged to the Delameres, 
and continued to be held by them of the Crown, in capite, until 
the time of Henry IV. 

We begin with PETER DE LA MARE, who was possessed 
of an estate in " Stupellavinton" temp. Henry III; but the 
inquisition taken after his death is undated, and the exact 
year ot decease consequently uncertain.* 



1 Inquisition taken at Wilton, before Roger de Thurkelby and Robert 
de Shotendone, on Saturday next after the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula 
[1 August] ; of the rights, liberties, and other matters appertaining to the 
king. 

2 This Hundred, which formerly included Devizes, Rowde, Potterne, 
Worton, East and West Lavington, Littleton, the two Cheverells, Tilshead, 
and part of Imber, is now divided between those of Potterne and Cannings, 
and Swanborough. 

3 These payments, in lieu of military service, continued long after 
Devizes Castle, as a Royal fortress, had ceased to exist. In 1610 they were 
still payable to the Crown at Michaelmas, under the name of Castle Guard 
Rents. 

4 In 5 Hen. Ill [1220-21] William de la Rokele sued Peter de la Mare 
for the manor and advowson of Lavington, of which he claimed that his 
ancestor, Godef rid de la Rachele, was seised four generations previously, in 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 413 

ROBERT DE LA MARE was seised, in 1271, of "Stupell- 
aunton" manor, held as of Devizes Castle. Inq. p. m. 56 
Hen. Ill, No. 7. This seems to be the owner whose name 
appears in the Hundred Roll of 1254 already referred to ; and 
from other entries in the same roll we find that the yearly 
payment of 20 shillings, or 40 days of military service in 
person, at Devizes Castle represented a tenure amounting to 
an entire knight's fee, or about 800 acres of land. 1 

PETER DE LA MARE, KNIGHT, was the next owner. He 
died in 1291, seised of lands, &c., at "Stupellampton" [sic], co. 
Wilts. He also held a manor in Offley, co. Herts, called 
De la Mares ; the manor of Cherinton, and lands at Minchin- 
hampton, co. Gloucester ; the manors of Lyvinton and Monk- 
hampton, co. Devon; and Mershbaldinton, co. Oxon. Inq. 
p. m. 20 Edw. /, No. 39. 

ROBERT DE LA MARE, son and heir of Peter, died in 1308, 
seised of Stepel Lavynton manor, and Knabwell manor, in 
Stanton St. Quinton, co. Wilts the former held as of Devizes 
Castle, the latter as of the manor of Trowbridge. To his 
father's property in other counties he appears to have added 
the manor of Heyford ad Pontem, co. Oxon., as well as some 
lands in co. Hereford. Inq. p. m. 2 Edw. II, No. 68. 

PETER DE LA MARE, the next heir, was a minor, and only 
15 years of age at the time of his father's death. His name 
appears in the Nomina Villarum, 9 Edw. II [1316], as the 
principal holder in Stupel Lavington. In 1343, when at the 



the time of Hen. I. Curia Regis Roll, 5 Henry III, No. 79. He may have 
succeeded in obtaining a moiety, for in 1254 Robert de la Mare and Richard 
de Rokele were both holders of land here under the Crown ; and the latter, 
who had set up a weekly market in the manor of Stupellavinton to the 
serious detriment of the King's market at Devizes, died 5 Edw. I [1276] 
seised of lands in Lavynton. 

1 The Exchequer Rolls of Edward II make 10 acres a furlong, 4 fur- 
longs a virgate, 4 virgates a hide, five hides (or 800 acres) a knight's fee ; 
but the inquisition post mortem of Peter de la Mare [1348-9] describes his 
holding in Market Lavington as two carucates apparently a much smaller 
quantity. 



414 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

age of 50, he founded a Chantry within the parish Church 
there, and obtained the Royal licence to endow it with parcel 
of the lands which he held in capite of the Crown. 1 

" PRO CANTARIA DE STEPEL LAVINGTON. 

" Pro Petro de la Mare I Rex omnibus ad <l uos &c. salutem. 
J Licet &c. Volentes tamen dilecto et 

fideli nostro Petro de la Mare graciam facere specialem concessimus et 
licenciam dedimus pro nobis et heredibus nostris quantum in nobis est 
eidem Petro quod ipse tresdecim mesuagia et viginti et septem acras 
terre cum pastura pro quinquaginta bidentibus cum pertinenciis in villa 
de Steple Lavyngton que de nobis tenentur in capite ut dicitur dare 
possit et assignare cuidam Capellano divina singulis diebus in Capella 
Beate Marie virginis in ecclesia de Steple Lavyngton pro salubri statu 
ipsius Petri dum vixerit et pro anima eiusdem cum ab hac luce sub- 
tractus fuerit et animabus antecessorum et heredum ipsius Petri ac 
animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum iuxta ordinacionem ipsius Petri 
celebraturo. Habendum et tenendum eidem Capellano et successoribus 
suis Capellanis divina singulis diebus in capella predicta in forma 
predicta celebraturis inperpetuum. Et eidem Capellano quod ipse 
mesuagia et terram cum pastura predicta cum pertinenciis a prefato 
Petro recipere possit et tenere sibi et successoribus suis predictis 
divina sicut predictum est celebraturis inperpetuum tenore presencium 
similiter licenciam dedimus specialem. Statute predicto non obstante. 
Nolentes quod predictus Petrus vel heredes sui aut prefatus Capellanus 
seu successores sui ratione statuti predicti per nos vel heredes nostros, 
seu ministros nostros quoscumque molestentur in aliquo seu graventur. 
Salvis nobis et aliis capitalibus dominis feodi illius serviciis inde debitis 
et consuetis. In cuius &c. Teste Rege apud Turrim Londonie xxiij die 
Marcii. " per breve de privato sigillo." 

Patent Roll, 18 Edw. Ill, prima patent, m.^\. 

By this licence he was permitted to give and assign to a 
certain chaplain 13 messuages, 27 acres of land, and pasture for 
50 sheep, with appurtenances, in Steple Lavyngton, " daily to 
celebrate in the Chapel of the Blessed Mary the Virgin, in the 
Church of Steple Lavyngton, for the good estate of the said 
Peter whilst living, and for his soul when he shall be withdrawn 
from this light, for the souls of his ancestors and heirs, and the 



1 By the Statute 18 Edw. I tenants in capite were prohibited from 
alienating lands or tenements to corporations, guilds, and fraternities, lest 
the superior lord should lose the service due for them. 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 415 

souls of all the faithful departed; according to the Ordination 1 
of the same Peter, about to be published. To have and to hold 
to the same Chaplain and his successors, Chaplains celebrating 
the Divine offices daily in the Chapel aforesaid, in form afore- 
said, for ever." 

He died at the age of 55, on Monday after the Feast of the 
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (15 August), 23 Edw. 
Ill [1348-9], seised of two carucates of land, etc., in Stepel 
Lavynton, and Knabwell manor, in Wilts ; 200 acres of land at 
Offley, co. Herts, held as of the manor of Hitchen; and the 
manors of Heyford ad Pontem and Marshbaldinton, co. Oxon, 
the latter held as of the honour of Wallingford. Inq. p. m. 
23 Edw. Ill, second Nos. 143. 

ROBERT DE LA MARE, KNIGHT, was 32 years of age and 
upwards at the time of his father's death. He presented to the 
Lavington Chantry in 1349, and again in 1379 when it had 
become vacant by resignation. He died in 138 1, 8 at about the 
age of 66, on the Sunday after the Feast of the Epiphany, 
seised of Stepel Lavington manor, and Knabwell, co. Wilts ; 
Offley manor, Herts ; the manors and advowsons of Heyford 



1 The " Ordinatio" or " Ordering of a Chantry" is a document very 
seldom to be found in print. It usually enumerated the daily services 
required by the Founder both before and after his decease ; sometimes 
providing a house for the chaplain, with cattle, corn, and implements for 
stock and tillage of his land, the whole, or the value thereof, to remain to the 
use of him and his successors ; also the necessary furniture of the Chapel, 
including vestments, apparel for the altar, a chalice with corporals, and a 
Missal and Breviary the service books being often supplied after the 
Founder's decease from his own library. The chaplain, on his admission, 
was required to make oath before his diocesan to fulfil and maintain every- 
thing to the Founder's full intent and meaning. If absent from any just 
cause more than a month, he was required to provide another fit person at 
his own cost. In case at any time the Chantry be vacant, by lapse, the 
diocesan, having notice, to present within a certain number of days. 

2 An Alice de la Mare was seisad in 1385 as Abbess of St. Mary, Win- 
chester, of the Wiltshire manors of Allcannings and Erchfont. She had an 
obit in the church of her late Abbey, as appears from a MS. Psalter (cirea 
1420) anciently in use there, and recently offered for sale in London by 
Mr. Quaritch. 



416 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

and Marshbaldiston, Oxon, with Cherinton manor, a messuage 
and land at Minchinhampton (held as of the honour of Walling- 
ford), and some other property in co. Gloucester. Inq. p. m. 
5 Rich. II, No. 40. His widow long survived him. She pre- 
sented to the Lavington Chantry in 1403, as Matilda de la 
Mare " Mulier". By will dated 20 March in this year, and 
proved 1404 \P.C.C. 9 Marche\, she desires to be buried in 
Steeple Lavington. She died, apparently at an advanced age, 
20 April, 6 Hen. IV, having held for her life the property of 
which her husband had died seised some twenty years pre- 
viously. Inq. p. m. 6 Hen. IV, No. 38. 

From an apparently correct pedigree of the Offley branch 
of de la Mare, printed in Clutterbuck's Hertfordshire, vol. iii, 
p. 100, it appears that she had a son, Peter de la Mare, who 
married Matilda, one of the daughters and co-heiresses of Sir 
John Maltravers, of Hooke, co. Dorset. He must have died, 
without issue, probably in his father's lifetime ; for no inquisition 
appears to have been taken on his decease, 1 and a daughter 
Willelma, 2 married in 1378 to Sir John Roche, of Bromham, 
and also a widow at the time of her mother's death, succeeded 
to the de la Mare property in the counties of Wilts, Herts, 
Devon, and Gloucester. 

WILLELMA, the heiress of de la Mare, and widow of SIR 
JOHN ROCHE, died on Friday, the eve of All Saints, 1410, six 
years after her mother. By will dated the same year, she 
desires to be buried "in the Church of Bromham, near her 
lord" [P. C. C. 22 Marche\. Of the Wiltshire property in- 



1 He was dead in August 1396, and in June 1401 his widow had re- 
married Sir John Dinham. She died 1 Nov. 4 Hen. IV [1402], and her 
younger sister Elizabeth, wife of Sir Humphrey Stafford, of Southwick 
Court, eventually became sole heiress. 

2 In Harl. MS. No. 1,052, fol. 406 and also in Harl. MSS. Nos. 1,111 and 
1,443, as well as other copies of the Heralds' Visitation of Wilts she i? 
called daughter and heir of Peter Delaware Knight, by Maud, daughter of 
Sir Hugh Hastings. In a portion of the Delamare pedigree printed in 
Hoare's Modern Wilts, Heyteslury Hundred, p. 256, a generation if 
omitted, and her name consequently does not appear. 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 417 

herited from her mother she was seised at her death of 
Knabwell, but not of Market Lavington. \lnq. p. m. 12 Hen. 
IV, No. 38.] This is explained by a Patent Roll dated 29 Nov. 
1410, from which it appears that she had previously given and 
granted the manor of Market Lavington, with its appurten- 
ances, 1 to Walter Beauchamp and his wife Elizabeth, to have 
and to hold to them and their heirs for ever ; and on payment 
of a fine of 100 shillings into the hanaper they obtained from 
the Crown the following licence to enter thereon, by virtue of 
the said gift and grant. 

" Rex omnibus ad quos &c. salutem. Monstraverunt nobis dilectus 
armiger noster Walterus Beauchamp et Elizabeth uxor eius qualiter 
Willelma que fuit uxor Johannis de Roche Chivaler tenuit de nobis in 
capite per servicium militare manerium de Stepul Lavyngton cum 
pertinenciis in Comitatu Wiltes ut de Castro et dominio nostris de 
Devyse qui quidem Castrum et dominium cum feodis ad eadem per- 
tinentibus una cum aliis maneriis infra comitatum predictum per 
nos carissime consorti nostre Regine per has nostras patentes con- 
cessa fuerunt habendum et tenendum pro termino vite sue nomine 
dotis sue et qualiter prefata Willelma dedit et concessit dictum 
manerium cum pertinenciis predictis Waltero et Elizabetha habendum et 
tenendum sibi et heredibus suis inperpetuum virtute quorum doni et 
concessionis iidem Walterus et Elizabeth inde seisiti fuerunt. Nos de 
gracia nostra speciali et pro centum solidis salutis in hanaperio nostro 
perdonanimus eisdem Waltero et Elizabethe transgressionem quam 
fecerunt manerium predictum cum pertinenciis virtute doni et conces- 
sionis predictorum ingrediendo licencia nostra super hoc non optenta. 
In cuius &c. Teste Rege apud Leycestriam xxix die Novembris. 

" per breve de private sigillo." 

Patent Roll, 12 Hen. IV [1410], membrane 30. 
WALTER BEAUCHAMP, KNIGHT, the next owner at Market 
Lavington, is described in Harl. MS. No. i,m, as second son 
of Sir William Beauchamp, knight, by Jane, daughter of the 
Lord Zouche of Harrington [Haryngworth], and grandson 
of Sir Giles. He was Sheriff of Wilts 1402-4. In 1415 he 
presented to the Lavington Chantry as " armiger", and in 1424 
as "miles". His will, dated 25 Dec. 1429, was proved in 

1 The Castle and lordship of Devizes, under which it was held, with the 
fees appertaining thereto, had been lately granted by the Crown for the 
term of her life, as parcel of the dower of Queen Joan of Navarre. 

F F 



4i 8 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1429-30 [P.C.C. 12 Luffenham]. He desires to be buried in the 
Chantry of Steeple Lavington. The inquisition taken on his 
decease is dated 9 Hen. VI [1430]. His wife Elizabeth, the 
elder of the two daughters and co-heiresses of Sir John Roche, 
by Willelma [de la Mare], was 25 years of age at her mother's 
death in 1410. She presented to the Lavington Chantry in 
1434 after the death of her husband; and two years later 
to the Church of Whaddon, as " Elizabeth Beauchamp, of 
Lavington Forum". In her will, dated 6th and proved 2ist 
Feb. 1446 [P.C.C. Reg. Stafford f. 145-6], she desires to be 
buried " in the Chantry Chapel of the Saints Mary, Katherine, 
and Margaret, in her parish church of Steeple Lavington, near 
the tomb of her husband." 1 

WILLIAM BEAUCHAMP, eldest son and heir, 2 presented to 
the Lavington Chantry in 1450. He was summoned to Parlia- 
ment [1449-1455] as Lord St. Amand, in right of his wife, 
and died 19 March 1457. By will dated 18 March, and 
proved 17 May in this year [P.C.C. 16 Stokton\, he desires to 
be buried in the Chantry Chapel of the Saints Mary, Katherine, 
and Margaret, in the parish church of Steeple Lavington. 8 He 
held the office of Sewer to the King, and in 1441 was Chamber- 
lain of North Wales. 

He married, before the year 1426, at which time she was 
only 1 6 years of age, Elizabeth, daughter of Gerard Bray- 
brooke, by Parnill [Petronilla], daughter of the Lord Grey, of 
Wilton, co. Herts, and heiress of the Barony of St. Amand, 
which had fallen into abeyance on the death of her great- 
grandfather, Almeric de St. Amand, without male issue, in 



1 There is now no trace of any tomb or memorial of ante Reformation 
date in the church at Market Lavington ; and, so far as known to the writer, 
no sculptured fragments likely to have belonged to such a tomb were dis- 
covered in a restoration of the building some years since. 

2 His younger brother, Richard Beauchamp, was Bishop of Salisbury 
1450-1482, and the first Chancellor of the Garter. 

3 Executors, Elizabeth my wife, Richard my son, Henry Longe and 
Thomas Horton. He gives 10 marks to the shrine of St. Osmond in Salis- 
bury Cathedral. 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 419 

1402-3. After the death of her first husband, and before 1466, 
she re-married Sir Roger Tocotes apparently of a family 
deriving their name from Tockets, a township in the parish of 
Guisbrough, co. York, where they were long resident. 1 Sir 
Roger, after his marriage, was twice Sheriff of Wilts in the 
reign of Edw. IV. In 1476 he was executor to Lady Margaret 
Hungerford, of Heytesbury and Farley Castle (of whom see 
W. N. and O., vol. iii, pp. 224-227), and presented, jointly with 
the Lady St. Amand, his wife, to the Lavington Chantry in 
the same year. Afterwards, taking part with the Duke of 
Buckingham against Richard III, he was attainted of treason, 
but this was quickly reversed by the overthrow of Richard 
at Bos worth, and the accession of Henry VII. In 1485 
[i Hen. VII] he was again Sheriff, as well as Constable of 
Devizes Castle, Steward for the Crown of the manors and 
lordships of Marlborough, Devizes and Rowde, of Sherston, 
Cherhill and Brodetown, and of the lordships, hundreds, 
manors, &c., parcel of the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury, 
and of the Duchy of Lancaster, in co. Wilts. He was also some- 
time Knight of the Body, and Comptroller of the Household 
to Henry VII. In his will, dated 2 September 1492, he desires 
to be buried " in the middle aisle of Our Lady's Chapel at 
Bromham ", where, in the centre of the elegant chapel of the 
Tudor period, on the south side of the chancel, richly decorated 
with heraldry, and amidst later memorials of the Baynton 
family, is an altar tomb bearing the recumbent effigy, in 
alabaster, of a knight clad in the armour of the period, and 
wearing the Lancastrian collar of SS the undoubted memorial 
of Sir Roger ; for Dingley in his History from Marble (1684), 
as well as a note made by Thomas Gore, of Alderton, the 
Wiltshire antiquary, at about the same date, and subsequently 
copied by the Rector of 1781 on the fly-leaf of the earliest 

1 Many of them were benefactors to the Augustine Priory of Guisbrough, 
founded by Robert de Brus in 1129. A pedigree of Tocketts, commencing 
with Roger de Tocketts, circa 1550, is in Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, 
1666. 

F F 2 



420 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

parish register, both give the inscription, of which some part 
was then remaining : 

**. Ttutrtttts bomtttt Umhetlt bomina Je 
3Uttcmt<J si miles $co cor^ox-e iimtvtct giertttmi &e0ts 
ac cotttvarotulax* .... ODuiua awme vrovtcietuv 



[. . . . husband of Lady Elizabeth, Lady of St. Amand, and 
Knight of the Body oi Henry the Seventh, King of England, and 
Comptroller .... On whose soul may God have mercy. Amen.] 

He died soon after the execution of his will, for the inquisition 
taken on his decease bears date 8 Hen. VII the same year. 
The will mentions Dame Elizabeth, Lady St. Amand, as "my 
late wife". She must, therefore, have predeceased him, and 
was also buried at Bromham, where her monumental brass, 
once richly decorated with enamel and gilding, still remains. 
It is affixed to the wall of the same chapel, near the tomb of 
her second husband, and enclosed within a canopied altar 
tomb. In the centre is the kneeling effigy of a lady addressing 
a brief supplication to a mediaeval representation of the Holy 
Trinity, now missing. Of the four shields of arms at the 
angles, two have disappeared since the time of Dingley's visit 
to Bromham in i6&i. 1 E KITE. 

(To be continued.) 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 374.) 



EDWARD VI. 

344. Anno i. Thomas Chaffyn, sen., Robert Eyer, and 
Richard Holt, and Thomas Moren and Margaret his wife ; 
messuages and lands in New Sarum. -8o sterling. 

1 The heraldry on this tomb is interesting. The first shield is ST. 
AMAND singly, representing the Barony. The second is ST. AMAXD quar- 
tering BRAYBKOOKB, for Lady Elizabeth, and impaling DELAMERE quarter- 
ing ROCHE (without any quartering of BEAUCHAMP) for her first husband. 
The third shield was TOCOTES impaling BEAYBROOKE, representing her 
second marriage, by which she conferred no title on her husband, and her 
shield is here impaled in the usual manner. The fourth bore the arms of 
TOCOTES singly. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 421 

345. Anno i. Thomas Chaffyn, sen., Robert Eyer, and 
Richard Holte, and George Ludlowe, arm., son and heir of 
William Ludlowe, of Huldeverell, and Edith his wife ; 
messuages and lands in New Sarum. 215 marks. 

346. Anno i. John Harward and George Ludlowe, 
arm., son and heir of William Ludlowe, of Huldeverell, and 
Edith his wife ; messuages and lands in New Sarum. ^85 
sterling. 

347. Anno 2. John Thynne, knt., and George Ludlowe 
and Edith his wife ; messuages and lands in the parish of Hill 
Deverell and Horningsham. ^40 sterling. 

348. Anno 2. Robert Thistilwayte, arm., and Andrew 
Baynton, arm., manor of East Winterslowe otherwise called 
Roche Court; messuages and lands in Est Winterslowe, Middel- 
wynterslowe, Westwynterslowe, and Aldwardbury. ^153. 

349. Anno 2. William Poole, arm., and John Poole, and 
Francis Earl of Huntingdon and Lady Katherine his wife, 
manor of Russhall alias Rusteshall Hungerford ; messuages 
and lands, and advowson of the church of Rusteshall. 
^880. 

350. Anno 2. Edward Earl of Somerset, and Thomas 
Cheyne, knt., Nicholas Crispe & Frances his wife, Thomas 
Kempe, knt., and Katherine his wife, and Anna Cheyne, manor 
of Shalborne Estecorte ; messuages and lands in Shalborne 
Estcorte, Shalborne, and Oxenwodd. ^600. 

351. Anno 2. Robert Eyere and Robert Tydesley ; 
messuages and lands in the parish of Chychlade. 

352. Anno 2. The names in this fine are obliterated. It 
refers to messuages and lands in Kingeston Deverell. 

353. Anno 2. : Edward Isaak and William Moldsworth, 
and John Seyntjohn, Nicholas Seyntjohn, and Elizabeth 
Blount, manor of Ledyiard Treygose ; messuages and lands in 
Ledyiard Treygose. 

354. Anno 2. John Redman and Edward Broun alias 
Clement ; lands in the parish of St. Mary, Wilton. 20 
sterling. 



422 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

355. Anno 2. John Coryett and Thomas Coke and 
Juliana his wife ; messuages and lands in High Street and 
New Street, New Sarum. ^80 sterling. 

356. Anno 2. John Owen, arm., and Fulke Greville, 
knt., and Elizabeth his wife ; manor of Southwicke alias 
Sovvthwicke, with advowson of the chantry of Sowthwicke. 
;Soo sterling. 

357. Anno 2. John Gett and Edward Broun alias 
Clement ; messuages and lands in the parishes of St. Nicholas 
and St. Mary, Wilton. ^20 sterling. 

358. Anno 2. John Broun and John Waylond and 
Margaret his wife ; messuages and lands in the parish of 
Calne. ^40. 

359. Anno 2. Thomas Longe, William Longe, and 
Henry Longe, and William Stourton, knt., Lord Stourton and 
Elizabeth his wife, manors of Powlesholte, Mad} 7 ndon als. 
Wynterbourne, Madynton Awlton and Ablyngton ; messuages 
and lands, one fulling-mill, rent of a Ib. of pepper and a 
quarter of a Ib. of ginger in Powlesholte, Worton, Merton, 
Potern, Chetowe Chenell, Hurste, Awlton, Madynton alias 
Wynterbourne, Madyngton, Ablyngeton, and Chesyngbury, 
with free fishery in the waters of Awlton and Ablyngton. 
^255 sterling. 

360. Anno 2. W T illiam Button, arm,, and Robert 
Temmys, arm., manor of Rowde Assheton ; messuages and 
lands in Rowde Assheton, Steple Assheton, West Asheton, 
and Hinton. 200 marks. 

361. Anno 2. Edward Earl of Somerset and William 
Thornehill, arm., and Robert Thornehill, gen., son and heir 
apparent of the same William, manor of Colingbourne 
Southampton ; messuages and lands in Colingbourne Sothe- 
hampton, Colingbourne Kingstone, Colingbourne Abbis, 
Boreampton, Aston Shaw next Chuyte and Eston. ,330 

sterling. 

362. Anno 2. John Wysse and Thomas Wysse, and 

Anthony Rogers, arm., and Anna his wife, manor of 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 423 

Smalbroke ; messuages and lands in Smalbroke, Warmynster, 
Bogelegh, Bishoppistrowe, Mochell Sutton, Lettell Sutton, 
Deverell Langebrydge, and Norton. ,440. 

363. Anno 2. Richard Phyllippes, arm., and John 
Hawles, gen., and Henry Ayssheley, arm.; messuages and 
lands in parish of St. Martin, New Sarum, and Trowbridge. 

364. Anno 2. Edward Earl of Somerset and Geoffry 
Dormer and Agnes his wife, manors of Collyngbourne Valence 
and Salborne Westcourte alias Shallborne ; with messuages 
and lands in Collynbourne Vallence, Collyngbourne Kynge- 
ston, Berampton, Aston and Salborne Westcourte alias 
Shallborne and Rivers. ,569 sterling. 

365. Anno 2. William Sharyngton, knt., and Richard 
Blount, arm., and Eliz. his wife, manor of Wodrewe ; 
messuages and lands in Wodrewe, Mylksham, Bromehame, 
and Ambresbury. ^"540 sterling. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.) 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 371.^) 



1 1 1. B IRTH RECORDS. 
H. 

1656-11-28. William HALE, son of David Hale, of Charlcott. 

1658-11-2. Ann HUSDY, dau. of Edward and Mary Husdy, of 
Slaughterford ph. 

1660-2-3. Thomas HANCOCK, son of John and Joane Hancock, 
of Corsham. 

1660-5-10. Joane and David HALE, twin dau. and son of 
David Hale, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1660-7-25. John HUSDY, son of Edward and Mary Husdy, of 
Corsham Meeting. 

1660-9-10. William HITCHCOCK, son of William Hitchcock, of 
Marlbro'. 



424 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1661-2-4. Rachell HELPS, dau. of Samuel Helps, of Rowde. 

1662-6-5. Bridgett HITCHCOCK, dau. of William Hitchcock, of 
Marlbro'. 

1663-6-24. Sarah HENLY, dau. of Arthur Henly, of Purton. 
1663-10-20. Jane HALE, dau. of David Hale, of Charlcott. 
1664-4-6. Sarah HAND, dau. of John Hand, of Lyneham. 

1665-5-31. John HITCHCOCK, son of William Hitchcock, of 
Marlbro'. 

1665-8-8. Joseph HENLY, son of Arthur Henly, of Purton 
[Meeting]. 

1667-2-13. John HAND, son of John Hand, of Lyneham. 

1667-5-27. Thomas HITCHCOCK, son of William Hitchcock, of 
Marlbro'. 

1667-9-6. Samuel HARRIS, son of John Harris, of Charlcott. 

i668-5~5[io]. Mary HUCKINGS, dau. of Roger Huckings, of 
Grittleton. 

1669-3-27. Sarah HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Great 
Acre. 

1670-1-1. Sarah HUCKINGS, dau. of Roger Huckings, of 
Grittleton. 

1671-1-11. Joane HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Goat Acre. 
1671-11-24. Sarah HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Tytherton. 
1673-7-21. Mary HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Titherton. 
1674-1-14. James HAND, son of John Hand, of Lyneham. 

1674-1-25. John HARRIS, son of John and Joane Harris, of 
Goataker. 

1674-5-20. William HAND, son of Richard Hand, of Tetherton, 
Brimhill ph. 

1676-1-3. Henry HUNT, son of Henry and Mary Hunt, of 
Chittway. 

1676-1-4. Margret HARRIS, dau. of Nathan 11 and Jone Harris, 
of Chippenham Meeting. 

1676-4-12. Daniel HARRIS, son of John and Sarah Harris, of 
Titherton Callweys. 

1676-11-7. Ann HARRIS, dau. of Nathan" and Jone Harris, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1677-11-3. Mary HUNT, dau. of Henry and Mary Hunt, of 
Bromham. 

1678-5-4. Hannah HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Goataker. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 425 

1678-8-*. Stephen HOLLAWAY, son of Stephen and Sarah 
Hollaway, of Tetherton, Brimhill ph. 

1 67 9-5- 1 4. Jane HARRIS, dau. of Nathan" and Jone Harris, of 
Chippenham Meeting. 

1679-12-28. Susannah HARMAN, of Purton Meeting. 

1680-7-13. Jeane HILLER, dau. of George and Edith Hiller, of 
Devizes Meeting. 

1680-8-9. Jeane HAYWARD, dau. of Thomas Hay ward, of 
Charlcott. 

1680-8-24. Mary HARRIS, dau. of John Harris, of Goatacre. 

1680-9-*. Robert HOLLOW AY, son of Stephen and Sarah 
Holloway, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1680-9-20. William HAND, son of W m- Hand, of Tytherton. 

1681-5-7. Thomas and Love HARRIS, twin son and dau. of 
Nathan 11 and Jone Harris, of Chippenham 
Meeting. 

1682-8-*. Joseph HOLLAWAY, son of Stephen and Sarah 
Hollaway, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1682-11-23. Sarah HARMAN, of Purton Meeting. 

1682-11-26. George HILLIER, son of George Hillier, of Aven. 

1683-8-18. John HIBBERD, son of John Hibberd, of Bewly. 

1684-9-*. Sarah HOLLAWAY, dau. of Stephen and Sarah 
Hollaway, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1686-12-*. Ann HOLLAWAY, dau. of Stephen and Sarah 
Hollaway, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1687-9-5. J onn HOBBS, son of Edward Hobbs, of Charlcott 
Meeting. 

1 688-6-*. Daniell HOLLAWAY, son of Stephen and Sarah 
Hollaway, of Charlcott Meeting. 

1691-2-21. Thomas HAYWARD/ son of Thomas and Ideth 
Hay ward. 

1692-2-21. Thomas HAYWARD, son of Thomas and Ideth 
Hayward, of East Harnam. 

1692-5-17. Thomas HAYWARD, son of Thomas Hayward. 
1693-8-11. Thomas HAYWARD, son of Thomas Hayward. 

1 Probably there is a duplicate entry of the birth here, the first-named 
date being the correct one. There is a notice of the death of Thomas 
HAYWARD, son of Thomas and Edeth Hayward, 1691-6-21 and of Thomas 
"second son," 1692-5-31. The third son of the name apparently lived to 
grow up. 



426 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1694-10-13. Rebecca HAYWARD, dau. of Thomas Hayward. 

1699-10-12. Jabez HODGES, alias LITTLE, son of George and 
Mary Hodges, alias Little. 

Tottenham, Middx. NORMAN PENNEY. 

(To be continued.} 



LANGFORD, OF TROWBRIDGE, Co. WILTS. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTER MADE SEPT. 1898. 

Baptisms commence 1538^ Burials, 1538,- and Weddings, 1563. 
Searched to 1620. 



. BAPTISMS. 

1547 May. Thomas Langeford was baptized the i3th daie of 
May. 

1552 Sept. John Langeford was baptized the 29 daie. 

1570 Dec. Marie, y e daughter of Edward Langeforde the 
younger, was baptized the loth daie of 
december. 

1575 Jan. Alexander Langeford, junior, was baptized the 
19 daie of January. 

1578 Sept. Mary Langeford, y e daughter of Edward Lange- 
ford, was baptized the i3th daie. 

1580 June. Anne Langeford, the daughter of Mr. Edward 
Langeford, was baptized the 26 daie. 

1582 March. Alice Langeford, y e daughter of Mr. Edward 
Langeford, was baptized the 2gth daie. 

1582 Nov. Marie Langeford, y e daughter of Richard Lange- 

forde, was baptized the i8th daie. 

1583 Dec. Elizabeth Langeford, y e daughter of Mr. Edward 

Langford, was bapt. the firste daie. 

1585 Maye. Jone Langeford, y e daughter of Mr. Edward 
Langford, was baptized the 2 daie. 

1587 Apr. Anne Langeford, y e daughter of Richard Lange- 
forde, was baptized the i3th daie. 

1592 Oct. Grace Langeford, y e daughter of Richard Lang- 
ford, was baptized the i daie. 



Lang ford of Trowbridge. 427 

1605 Aug. Phillip Langeford, sonne of Richard Langford & 

Marie his wife, was baptized the 4th daie. 

BURIALS. 

1542 Aug. Edith Langeforde was buried the ;th daie. 
1542 Aug. Thomas Lajigeforde was buried the 16 daie. 
1542 Aug. William Langeforde was buried y e 2oth daie. 
1552 Feb. Edward Langeforde was buried the 6 daie. 

1571 Mar. Marye Langeford, y e daughter of Alexander 
Langeforde, was buried the 8 daie. 

1575 Apr. Henry Wallis, servaunte to Mr. Edward Lange- 
forde, was buried the 4 daie. 

1587 Nov. Johane Langeford, widow, was buried the xi daie. 

1594 Dec. Edward Langeford, gentlma',' was buried the 9 
daie. 

1598 Nov. Anne Langeford, the daughter of Richard Lange- 

ford, was buried the 26 daie. 

1 60 1 Jan. Alexander Langeforde, gentleman, was buried 
the 19 daie. 

1609 June. Anne Langford was buried the xiiith day. 
1609 July. Robert Langford was buried the xith day. 

WEDDINGS. 

I597 1 Apr. Mr. Henry Hide and mistris Marie Langeforde i 
was married the 3 daie. 

1599 Nov. Richard Langeforde and Marie Dowle was 

married the 24 daie. 

1606 Oct. Henry Parrie was maried to Elizabeth Langeforde 

the 2 daie. 

1608 Dec. Richard Wiggon married to Alles lanford the 

2oth day. 

1609 Feb. Henry Carington and Mary Langford were 

maried the xixth day. 

1620 Nov. Robert lanford was maried to Avis Sheephard the 
28 day. 

V. L. OLIVER. 
Sunninghill, Berks. 



1 On p. 157, vol. i, the year 1595 has been given as the date of this 
marriage. 



42& Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Goal and Marshall Money. In the Churchwardens' 
accounts of Upton Scudamore occurs the following : " It was 
allowed to the overseers . . . to collect Goaile and Mar- 
shall many for ye year 1761." 

Perhaps you could also tell me what " Common Fine, 

75. od." in the year 1836-7, means ? 

R. POWLEY. 



Wiltshire M.P.'s. Ralph Cokerell was M.P. for Ludger- 
shall in 1547-52. Who was he? His name is not found in 
the Official Returns. 

John Cocks, M.P. for Calne, 1547-52. Is anything known 
of him ? All returns for Wiltshire are wanting in the Blue 
Book Return of Members to Parliament. 

John Col/ins, Esq., described as " of Chute, co. Wilts", 
was returned M.P. for Andover in the Parliaments of 1660, 
1661-79, 1681, and 1685-87, in the last of which he is styled 
Knight, having received Knighthood in 1681. Who was he? 
Is Chute correctly described as in "co. Wilts"? 

William Coles, "of Woodfalls ", M.P. for Downton in 1659 
and 1660. He matric. at Brasenose Coll., Oxford, 13 February 
1634-5, aged 1 8, as son of Barnabas Coles, "of Woodford ", 
Wilts ; and was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 
1645. Any further information respecting him will be accept- 
able. He appears to have married before 1658 his son 
Barnabas matric. at Magdalen Coll. in 1665, then aged 17. 

W. D. PINK. 
Lowton, Newton-lc-WillowSj 

Lancashire. 



Stafford, Earl of Devon. 429 



Stafford, Earl of Devon (vol. ii, p. 257). I have seen 
that Mr. Kite states he had two daughters who died unmarried, 
but I do not remember observing this mentioned elsewhere, 
nor does Mr. Greenfield appear to have been aware of it ; but 
Mr. Kite will doubtless be able to tell us from what source he 

obtained the information. 

W. H. H. ROGERS, F.S.A. 



Old Sarum Kettle (vol. iii, p. 379). The device on the 
" Old Sarum " Kettle, about which your correspondent en- 
quires, is the merchant's mark used by the Guild of Wool 
Staplers in Salisbury during the i4th and i5th centuries. The 
Rev. Edward Duke, in his book on The Halle of John 
Halle, describes it as a curious combination of the cross, 
triangle, and circle, representing Christianity, Trinity, and 
Eternity. 

There is, in this book, much of interest concerning John 
Halle and his connexion with the Wool Guild, and I shall be 
pleased to lend a copy to anyone interested. 

Salisbury. FRANK WATSON. 



Henry drivers, of Quemerford (vol. iii, p. 280). Although 
I cannot give the information asked for by Mr. Pink, I should 
like to point out that Seacole Chivers had more than one 
daughter. John Methuen, afterwards Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland, married, in 1672, Mary, daughter of Seacole Chivers. 
Canon Jackson (Aubreys Collections, p. 103) says she was 
half sister to Elizabeth, and describes the monument to that 
little lady in Leigh Delamere Church, where she is described 
as the " eldest daughter". As she died in 1653 at the age of 
two years and nine months, she may well have been the eldest 
instead of (as she presumably was in 1651) the only child. 



43 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

In the Subsidy Act, 29 Car. II, there is a Henry Chivers 
mentioned amongst the Commissioners for putting the Act into 
operation in the County of Wilts. J. S. 



on Books!. 



ALFRED IN THE CHRONICLERS. By Edward Conybeare, 
M.A. London: Elliot Stock, 1900. 

In Alfred in the Chroniclers Mr. Conybeare has given 
English readers the opportunity of examining for themselves 
what to most of them have hitherto been sealed books, and 
thereby becoming acquainted with the sources of information 
for the life of King Alfred ; an opportunity for which those 
who have imbibed somewhat of the spirit in which he has 
written his exceedingly charming and interesting introduction 
must feel grateful. 

In King Alfred's translation of St. Gregory's Pastoral 
Care occurs the following passage, which is very appropriate to 
our present thought : " Yet full little fruit wist they of those 
books, for that they were not written in their own land speech, 
therefore I think it meet that we too should turn some books 
which are most needful for all into that tongue we all do 
know ;" and Mr. Conybeare has followed the example set by 
Alfred " by not keeping his gathered learning to himself," and 
we have to thank him for enabling us to read the happy 
expressions of respect and love with which Asser, the old 
Monk of St. David's, speaks of his "kindest and most worship- 
ful lord and master" (whose Court he joined in 884 A.D., after 
the Peace of Wedmore), and gives us the words of wisdom 
and thoughtful consideration for his people that are recorded 
as Alfred's own. 

It is a melancholy thing to come across people who 
confess that all they know of King Alfred are the stories of 
the cakes and the candles ; or to hear of Celtic Arthur and 



Notes on Books. 431 



Saxon Alfred being mixed up in their minds. It is to such 
a public that this book should especially appeal ; for Mr. 
Conybeare has written an introductory sketch full of charm, 
which cannot fail to give the most ignorant a desire to know 
more of Alfred's wonderful character ; whilst in the second 
part of the book he has given us translations from the Anglo- 
Saxon Chroniclers, prefacing each with a short account of the 
author, and giving in a tabulated form a sketch, with dates, of 
the contents of each, enabling the reader to see at a glance 
where to find what he wants. 

It is, however, with the account of Wiltshire places 
mentioned in these Chroniclers that we are especially 
interested in Wilts Notes and Queries ; and Ellandune, where 
King Egbert (grandfather of King Alfred) defeated in 823 A.D. 
Beornwulf, King of Mercia, comes the first of these in time. 

The question as to where Ellandune is has been discussed 
in a previous number (IV. N. & Q., vol. iii, p. 328), and since 
that paper was written the testimony of Sir R. C. Hoare, from 
a little known and scarce work, 1 has been added to what was 
there suggested, and Ellandune shown to have been considered 
by him, as long ago as in 1827, to be the modern Wroughton 
alias Ellingdon, near Swindon in N. Wilts. 2 

Mr. Conybeare's note to page 7, supposing Ellandune to 
have been in S.W. Hampshire, is thus shown to be incorrect ; 
and this is an important point to notice, as other topographers 
have quite recently published equally erroneous views regard- 
ing the identity of Ellandune with another place, viz., Wilton. 
Sir R. C. Hoare points out in this Regisirum IViltonense where 
the error, copied and handed in by Leland, as to the existence 
of two Ellandunes, originated ; at the same time disposing of 
it, and saying that Ellandune is not mentioned in the Wilton 
Chartulary. 



1 Registrum Wiltonense, pp. 54 and 55, Sir R. C. Hoare, pub. 1827. 

2 See also "Ellandune Identified," Wiltshire Archceological Magazine, 
vol. xxxi, p. 241. 



43 2 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Mr. Plummer, who formerly, in a note to Earle and 
Plummer's Two Saxon Chronicles Parallel, edition 1899, identi- 
fied Ellandune with Allington, now accepts the identification 
with Wroughton 

Many of the battles of 871 A.D. were fought in Wiltshire. 
After the defeat of the Saxons by the Danes near Reading the 
battle of Ashdown was fought and won by Alfred on the 
borders of Wilts and Berks. Then followed his defeat at 
Basing in Hampshire and the fatal field of Meretun, which 
has been identified by the Rev. R. Nicholson and the Rev. W. 
Simcox, as the modern Marden in Pewsey Vale (W. N. & Q., 
vol. ii, pp. 185-189), but placed by Mr. C. Oman at Marton near 
Bedwyn. These places.are much nearer Wimborne, where King 
Ethelred was taken to die after the battle, and also nearer 
Wilton, the scene of Alfred's first battle after he became King, 
than the far away Surrey site mentioned by Mr. Conybeare at 
page 21. 

Important battles in 878 A.D. were also fought in Wilt- 
shire. One was at Ethandune, which our author (rejecting 
Bishop Clifford's unsatisfactory Somersetshire site) holds to be 
identical with the modern Edington, not far from the scene of 
the next successful fight at Chippenham, after which the 
defeated Danes w r ere driven out of Wessex, over the Mercian 
frontier, to Cirencester ; and this victory was followed by the 
Baptism of Guthram and the Peace of Wedmore. 

We must hope that this book may be in the hands of 
every Englishman interested in the history of the making of 
our Empire from its beginning 1,000 years ago to the present 
day, when the kingdom of Alfred has expanded to the world- 
wide Empire, in which Colonies and States are united, even as 
the Great King brought the provinces of England together 
under his crown ; and that when a new edition is called for, 
Mr. Conybeare may add a chapter with the translation of the 
Great King's will, which is a document of very great interest 
and instruction. T S M 



Wiltshire jBtotes an* ueries* 



JUNE, 1901. 



AMESBURY MONASTERY, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF 
SOME DISCOVERIES ON THE SITE IN 1860. 




(Continued from p. 366.) 

MONG the documents relating to the Seymour family 
preserved in the Evidence Room at Tottenham 
MfSJjj^ Park is the counterpart of a conveyance of Ames- 
bury, and also of Hungerford Park, dated 1674, 
from John, 4th Duke of Somerset (the last sur- 
viving son of William, 2nd Duke), to Mrs. Oldfield. L This 
nobleman died at Amesbury in the following year with- 
out issue, and in 1676 his niece, Elizabeth Seymour (daughter 
of his deceased brother, Henry Lord Beauchamp 2 ), by 



1 Query, if any relation to Mrs. Anne Oldfield, the celebrated actress, 
who was born in 1683 and died in 1730, and whose library, consisting of 218 
volumes of plays, was sold in London in the following year. 

2 Aubrey, in Nat. Hist, of Wilts (written 1656-1691), speaks of the man- 
sion at Amesbury as the Duke of Beaufort's. The widow of Lord Henry 
Beauchamp, who died 1653-4, re-married, in 1657, Henry, Marquess of Wor- 
cester, afterwards first Duke of Beaufort, who, in right of his wife, may 
have had an interest in the Amesbury property, to which her daughter by 
her former husband had become heiress, 

G G 



434 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

marriage with Thomas, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, conveyed the 
estates to the family of Bruce. 

According to Sir R. C. Hoare, Amesbury was sold in 
1720 by Charles Lord Bruce (son and heir of Thomas, Earl of 
Ailesbury, and Elizabeth Seymour) to his uncle, Henry Boyle, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, and principal Secretary of State 
in the reign of Queen Anne. He was created Lord Carleton 
in I7I4, 1 and died unmarried in 1724-5, leaving the manors of 
Amesbury Earls and Amesbury Priors to another nephew, 
Charles, 3rd Duke of Queensberry, for life, and afterwards to 
his first and other sons in tail male. The Duke had, in 1720, 
married a lady with a Wiltshire ancestry Lady Catherine, 
second daughter of Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon and 
Rochester the " Kitty " of Prior's Female Phceton 

"Kitty, beautiful and young, 
And wild as colt untam'd " 

by whom he had two sons and a daughter, all of whom pre- 
deceased their parents. The Duchess was well known for her 
hospitality and wit, and as the patroness of Gay 2 and other 
literary characters of the age. The former, according to local 
tradition, wrote his fables in a grotto here, still well known as 
" Gay's Cave," and it is recorded by Johnson that he enjoyed 
" the affectionate attention of both the Duke and Duchess, into 



1 The noble avenue of lime trees leading from the gateway on the east 
side of the park towards Radfyn is still known as " Lord's Walk ", or 
" Lord Carleton's Walk "no doubt from its having been planted during 
that nobleman's ownership of the estate. Three other avenues of limes 
which formerly led from the front of the mansion in the direction of the 
church may also have been planted at the same date. 

2 The Duchess, in her earlier days [1728-9], for being solicitous at 
Court in obtaining subscriptions towards Gay's Sequel of the " Beggar's 
Opera", which the Court had forbidden to be acted, as reflecting on the 
Government, received a message from the King (George II) requesting her 
to abstain from making her appearance at Court. Of her well-known 
caustic reply, that " she never came to Court for diversion, but to bestow a 
great civility upon the King and Queen ", the copy kept by herself is now in 
the British Museum, Additional MS, 15,599. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 435 

whose house he was taken, and with whom he passed the 
remaining part of his life." l 

During his long ownership of Amesbury [1725-1778] the 
Duke appears to have done much towards improving both the 
mansion and estate. The Duchess, writing to Dr. Swift in 
May 1 733, thus describes some of the earlier alterations : 

" His Grace and I have been here this fortnight, with no other com- 
pany than bricklayers and labourers. We are throwing down a parcel of 
walls that blocked us up every way, and making a sunk fence round the 
house. This will make the place as cheerful again, and we find great 
entertainment by inspecting the work." 2 

A few years later the mansion itself was considerably en- 
larged, two new wings being added from the designs of the 
then Earl of Burlington, known as the " Modern Vitruvius." 
This was apparently about i75o. 3 The "Great Bridge" at 
the entrance to Amesbury bears the later date of 1775, and the 
" Baluster Bridge " within the park that of 1777. The part of 
the estate towards Stonehenge, including some of the barrows, 
was also planted with firs and evergreen trees, which De Foe, 
in his Tour through Great Britain (1769), describes as " a great 
beauty to these open downs". 

On the death of the Earl of Clarendon and Rochester, in 
1753, the Duchess of Queensberry, then his only surviving 



1 Gay died in the Duke's house, in Burlington Gardens, 4th December 
1732. Dr. Arbuthnot, writing to Dr. Swift on the 13th January following, 
speaks of his interment in Westminster Abbey " as if he had been a peer of 
the realm ; and the good Duke of Queensberry, who lamented him as a 
brother, will set up a handsome monument upon him". The monument 
was afterwards erected by the Duke and Duchess, the epitaph being written 
by Pope. 

2 In front of the mansion was a courtyard, with a fountain in the 
centre, enclosed within a semi-circular wall. The iron gates and piers now 
at the entrance to the park, near the church, are said to have been removed 
from here. 

3 The following is from a letter written at this date:--" Ambrosbury. 
Saw the Duke of Queensberry's : a Chinese house and bridge, and fine canals 
in the gardens. In the House a grand new Room and furniture, Chimney 
pieces red and white marble, the Fable of the stork and the fox carved on 
them, emblems of her Grace's hospitality." 

G G 3 



436 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

child, was administratrix to his affairs, and became possessed 
of half the personalty, including also half of the valuable collec- 
tion of pictures which had descended from the Lord Chancellor 
Hyde, i st Earl of Clarendon, and were removed to Amesbury. 
The Duchess died in 1777, at the age of 77, l and on the 
decease of the Duke, in the following year, the pictures at 
Amesbury, which were made heirlooms by his will, descended 
with the title to his cousin William, 3rd Earl of March and 
Ruglen. "The mansion-house at Amesbury, and all except the 
pictures, he bequeathed to the said Earl ; these pictures (both 
oil and paintings in water colour) to descend as heirlooms so 
long as the law will admit." In 1786 they were removed from 
Amesbury to the Duke of Queensberry's residence at Rich- 
mond, 2 where they were seen by Horace Walpole, who thus 
notices them in a letter to Lady Ossory : 

" I went yesterday to see the Duke of Queensberry's palace at 
Richmond, under the conduct of George Selwyn, the concierge. You 
must imagine how nobly it looks now the Amesbury Gallery are hung 
up there. The great hall, the great gallery, the eating room, and the 
corridor, are covered with whole and half lengths of royal family, 
favourites, ministers, peers, and judges, of the reign of Charles I." 

William Douglas, who succeeded his cousin Charles as 
4th Duke of Queensberry in 1778, was eight years after created 
a British Peer by the title of Baron Douglas, of Amesbury. 8 

1 In Sir R. C. Hoare's Modern Wilts is an engraved portrait of the 
Duchess, from a miniature belonging to the Duke of Buccleugh,at Dalkeith. 
A painting in the possession of the Earl of Essex represents her as a 
shepherdess, apparently also in her earlier days. Another painting, by 
Hudson, executed in 1745, is in the collection of the Earl of Clarendon, at 
Watford House, Herts ; whilst a crayon in possession of Earl Cathcart, and 
another oil painting belonging to the Duke of Sutherland, both represent 
her at a later period of her life. 

2 On the death of William, 4th Duke, these pictures were again re- 
moved from Richmond to Bothwell Castle, in Scotland, where they still 
remain. 

3 In 1788 was published a poem, in two parts, entitled The Abbey of 
Ambresbury, by Samuel Birch, author of Consilia, &c., 4to. The Gentleman's 
Mag., in a review, says : " Some MSS. chiefly relating to this house, when 
it is supposed to have been in its first stage of decay, have furnished the 
author with materials whereon this poem is principally founded." 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 437 

This bachelor Duke, known in his later life as " Old Q." 
and " The Star of Piccadilly," was never more than an 
occasional visitor in Wiltshire, and with advancing years 
these visits became less frequent. In 1792 Sir Elijah 
Impey, Knt, late Chief Justice in India, came to reside 
for a while at Amesbury, as tenant of the Duke ; but in 
the spring of 1794 he again removed to Newark Park, in the 
weald of Sussex. At the close of the year 1794 the mansion 
at Amesbury was once more occupied by a society of English 
Nuns, Canonesses of St. Augustine, who had been expelled 
from their convent at Louvain, in Belgium, by the French, 
soon after the breaking out of the French Revolution, and 
came to seek protection in their native country. 1 They set 
sail from Rotterdam 5 July 1794, and reached Greenwich after 
a twelve days' journey. For the next five months a temporary 
residence was provided for them at Hammersmith, and on the 
3ist December they removed to Amesbury, where, within the 
walls of the Duke of Queensberry's mansion, on New Year's 
Day 1795, they celebrated for the first time their usual choral 
service. 

In 1797 one of the nuns, Sister Monica, a lady between 60 
and 70 years of age, who had been for some time ill, died on 
St. Monica's Day [4 May] whilst the other nuns were hear- 
ing mass in the chapel which had been fitted up for them 
within the mansion, and her remains were subsequently con- 



1 On the suppression of the English monasteries, Sister Elizabeth 
Woodford, a professed nun of the Augustine Priory at Dartford, in Kent, 
retired to Louvain, and was there admitted into the Monastery of St. 
Ursula. In process of time many other English ladies were also received 
into the Flemish community, which in 1609 had become so numerous as to 
require a division of its members. A separate English monastery was 
accordingly established at Louvain, under the title of the Conception of 
the B. V. Mary, St. Michael and St. Monica, an English lady Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Wiseman, of Broadoak, Essex being elected the first 
abbess. During their residence at Amesbury they were presided over by a 
tenth abbess, Mary Benedict Stonor, who resigned her office in 1812. 



438 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

veyed to Winchester for interment in the Roman Catholic 
burying ground in that city. 

In 1798 a malicious report was, it seems, circulated in 
Amesbury, which must have been anything but pleasant to the 
occupants of the mansion. In consequence of an information 
given by the constables of Amesbury, the magistrates of the 
division granted warrants empowering them and their assis- 
tants to search the Abbey house, and other houses in the 
town, on a suspicion that a quantity of gunpowder, balls, fire 
arms, and other implements of destruction, were secreted 
there. After the strictest search, however, nothing was found 
to give the slightest colour to the report. 1 

At the expiration of their term of five years, the com- 
munity removed to Spetisbury, near Blandford, co. Dorset. 2 

In October 1801 The Salisbury Journal announces that the 
Prince of Conde, with the Duke of Bourbon, paid a visit to that 
city, and went from thence to view Amesbury Abbey, with 
intent to hire it for their summer residence. They were much 
delighted with the house and grounds, but declined entering 
into any engagement, the house not being already furnished as 
they had expected to find it. They returned in the evening, 
slept at the Antelope Inn, and the next morning set off for 
London. 3 

The 4th Duke of Queensberry died in 1810, when his 
Wiltshire property passed, by a settlement executed by 

1 These reports of secreted arms and explosives were one of the 
alarms to which the earlier Hanoverian Kings of England were periodically 
subject from the favourers of the Pretender so that the search may fairly 
be taken to indicate that the persons thus treated were, if not really in 
favour of the Stuart succession, at least suspected of being so. The owner 
of Monkton Farley House had, among others, been subject to the same 
annoyance as the Nuns at Amesbury. 

2 In the autumn of 1861. the inmates of the Convent, altogether 68 in 
number, again removed from Spetisbury to their present magnificent 
residence at Abbots Leigh, near Newton, co. Devon. 

3 The Prince of Conde subsequently became the tenant, for five years, 
of Tylney House, at Wanstead, during the minority of its then owner 
Sir James Tylney Long. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 439 

Charles, jrd Duke, to Archibald James Edward, first Baron 
Douglas, son of Sir John Stewart (afterwards Douglas) the 
subject of the celebrated trial known as the Douglas Cause, 
and his wife, the Lady Jane Douglas. 

In 1824 the Amesbury estate was purchased by Sir 
Edmund Antrobus, first baronet, who died in 1826, when it 
again passed, with the baronetcy, to his nephew, Sir Edmund 
William, grandfather of the present owner. 

By the second baronet the mansion of 1660, with its later 
additions by the Earl of Burlington, was almost entirely 
rebuilt ; and during the earlier progress of the work, about the 
year 1840, the discovery of some decorative tile paving, and 
other remains of mediaeval date, at once revealed the fact that 
the mansion stood on the actual site of some part of the 
despoiled Monastery. The discoveries of this date were 
beneath the part of the building comprising kitchen, servants' 
hall, &c. 

In the spring of 1860, whilst digging out trenches for the 
foundations of some additional buildings at the back of the 
mansion, it became evident that the perfect floors of several 
apartments still lay buried at a depth of from three to four feet 
below the surface of the ground, and it was through the courtesy 
of Sir Edmund William Antrobus, the then owner, who most 
kindly allowed much of the surface soil between the new foun- 
dations to be temporarily cleared away, that the writer is 
enabled to introduce the annexed plan {Plate iv), with an 
account of the discoveries which were then made. Although 
the plan is in itself scarcely sufficient to determine the exact 
arrangement of this particular block of buildings, it may not be 
without value if further excavations should be made here at 
some future time. 

The long wall (a) at the foot of the plan ran in a line 
nearly close to, and almost parallel with the outer back wall of 
the present mansion. Within the angle at the south-west 
corner (b), near an entrance doorway (c), was an object of 
carved freestone, which had probably been used as a lavatory 



440 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



(Plate v, fig. i). It was lying on its side, almost uninjured. 
The dimensions were : 



Height 

Diameter of interior 

Depth of interior 



2it. 
ift. 



5in. 
6in. 



with a circular hole, five inches in diameter, running down the 
centre. The paving here (B) was a mixture of small tiles, 
black, green, red, and yellow, laid diagonally. At (d) were 
traces of a doorway, with a stone sill, very much worn. From 
this point (d) to the angle (e) the wall was faced with green 
sandstone, and apparently was an outside one. 

The space (A) represents the principal apartment which 
was laid bare. It measured about 29 feet from east to west, by 
2 1 from north to south, and was surrounded, or nearly so, by a 
stone seat about 18 inches wide. The floor was paved through- 
out with encaustic tile, dating from the i3th century, and in- 
cluding nearly fifty varieties of design, among which the 
annexed pattern of four tiles appeared to predominate. 1 Some 

of the larger tiles, seven 
inches square, represented 
in Plate i (at p. 145 of the 
present volume), bore the 
arms of royal patrons and 
benefactors to the Monas- 
tery after it had been re- 
founded by Henry II, in 
1177, as seen in the pedi- 
gree (p. 146). 

Of these, the three lions 
of England (No. i), borne 
singly, represent the PLAN- 

TAGENET KlNGS from 1154 tO 1340. 




1 Above the floor of this apartment was a shallow pond, the bottom of 
which reached almost to the tile paving. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 441 

The three lions rampant (No. 3) may have been intended for 
DE CAMVILLE,* whose heiress, about 1226, married William, son 
of William Longespee, Earl of Sarum, by Ela, heiress of de 
Evreux, well known as the Foundress of Lacock Abbey. Ela's 
Norman ancestor had the lordship of Amesbury by gift from 
the Conqueror, and here also was the place of her own birth. 

The three chevronels (No. 10) are the well-known bearing 
of the great baronial House of DE CLARE, Earls of Gloucester 
and Hereford, of whom Gilbert, seventh Earl, married Joan of 
Acre, younger daughter of Edward I, and his sister became 
the wife of EDMUND PLANTAGENET, second EARL OF CORNWALL, 
who is also represented by the shield (No. 12) bearing a lion 
rampant crowned within a bordure bezanty the arms of the 
Earldom. 

On the tile, No. 7 of the same series, although not borne 
on a shield, we have apparently the Castle of Castile, for 
ELEANOR, first Queen of EDWARD I. 2 On another tile (Plate iii, 
No. i) the outline of a castle may have been also intended. 

Among the numerous designs on the smaller tiles (Plates 
ii and iii) there is an heraldic one (Plate iii, No. 18) bearing 
perhaps barry q/ six ermine and gules (the ermine spots 
being much worn) for some member of the family of HUSSEY, 
who held property at Figheldean and other places in the imme- 
diate neighbourhood, by grant from Richard I, which passed 
on the marriage of co-heiresses in the reign of Edward II. 

In Plate iii, No. 15, we have a single'broken tile, of which, 
more than fifty years ago, a perfect pair (each 9 inches by 6| 
inches), many times repeated, formed a border to the paving in 



1 Pap worth gives a coat of CAM VILE Azure, three lions rampant argent, 
and one of LONGESPEE Azure, three lions rampant or, perhaps assumed by 
the latter after marriage with the Camville heiress for William Longespee, 
first Earl of Sarum, bore six lioncels rampant, as seen on his tomb in 
Salisbury Cathedral. 

2 In Great Bedwyn Church there was at this time a series of encaustic 
tiles, numbering altogether some forty patterns, many of which were found 

at Amesbury. Some of them also occur in the Chapter House at Salisbury. 



442 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

the chancel at Great Bedwyn (see Gentleman 's Mag., July 1845). 
The design consists of two armed figures, apparently intended 
for a Saracen and Crusader, on horseback, each in vizor and 
surcoat, riding towards one another in deadly combat ; one 
carries a sword and shield, the latter bearing the well-known 




cross of a Knight Templar; the other a shield and long lance 
or tilting spear. 1 Other border tiles (Plate iii, Nos. 7 and 8) 
bore animals of the chase; whilst No. 10 represents an inter- 
secting arcade of Norman type. 

Of the entire pavement some of the tiles were in good 
preservation, others considerably worn with the footsteps of 
three successive centuries. Much of the original floor had 
evidently, from time to time, been replaced by tiles of different 
size and design, and lastly it was roughly patched up, in one 
or two places, with 'pieces of flag stone and stone tile from 
the roof. In the south wall, not far from the centre, were 
indistinct traces either of an opening or recess some five feet 
in width. This may have been a fireplace, for a corresponding 
space (/) in the floor, 5 ft. 6 in. by 2 ft. 6 in., and about two feet 
distant from the wall, was paved with plain tile laid diagonally, 
with a border on two sides ; perhaps representing the hearth. 
Beneath the paving were foundations of two walls which had 



1 One other specimen of this tile is given in Nichols' Examples of 
Decorative Tiles (No. 80) from Romsey Abbey. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 443 

evidently belonged to an earlier building. 1 In the foundation 
of the north wall was a course of red roofing tile laid diagonally. 
The next apartment (D) was on the same level, and paved 
throughout with plain red tiles, 10 by 8g inches. The whole of 
the walls here had been plastered. 

The apartment (c) had also been paved with plain red tile 
a foot square, on which lay a stone vessel, apparently a mortar 
( Plate v, ftg. 2). About a foot above the tile paving was a later 
floor of lime grit, with the level of which the fireplace (/) in 
the east wall, as well as the floors of the adjoining apartments, 
seemed to correspond. This fireplace was 6 ft. 6 in. wide, by 
2 ft. deep, and may have been hooded, as the masonry on each 
side projected a foot into the apartment. The plaster on the 
walls reached only to the depth of the grit floor. Some molten 
lead was found here. 

The short pieces of wall on the upper part of the 
plan are shown precisely as they appeared when trenches 
for building purposes were opened in a straight line north- 
ward, but as the intermediate space here was not cleared, 
they are insufficient to afford much idea of the apartments to 
which they belonged. The fragment at the extreme north- 
east corner (g) was faced with sandstone, and appeared to 
have been an outer wall. The inner walls were mostly con- 
structed of flint, sometimes mixed with stone or chalk, some 
parts of the foundations being entirely of 
the latter material. 

The space between the walls at (E) 
was paved with red tiles resembling 
bricks, 9^ by 4^ inches, and i| inches 
thick ; whilst in the wider space at (F) 
was a pavement of plain red tile a foot 
square, as at (c), with encaustic tiles of the 
annexed pattern as a border. Of the drain (h) a continua- 

1 Both these earlier walls had deep foundations, whilst the south wall 
of the apartment itself reached but a very little distance below the ground 
level. 




444 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

tion, running south-east, was found in digging for a tank in the 
open space in this direction. 

At a short distance eastward from (F) was a floor of 
mixed coloured tiles, as at (B), mended in several places with 
encaustic tiles of different patterns. 

A stone object, apparently a mortar, found on the floor of 
the apartment (c) has been already noticed. Portions of two 
others, one of stone, the other of Purbeck marble, were also 
found among the debris during the excavations (Plate v, figs. 3 
and 4). 1 A stone coffin hollowed out to receive the corpse, 
with a circular cavity for the head, was also found, emptied 
of its contents and broken in pieces ; also part of a second 
coffin, of Purbeck marble ; and a coffin-shaped slab of blue 
stone, 6| feet long, and tapering from 26 inches to 13, 
with grooves near the outer edges into which the up- 
right sides had apparently been inserted. A small two- 
handled vessel of red unglazed 
ware, 4 inches in height and 4^ 
diameter at top (see illustration), 
and some fragments of mediae- 
val green glazed ware, were also 
found among the debris, as well 
as broken pieces of the bearded 
mugs, of Dutch manufacture, known 
as " bellarmines ", of a date subsequent to the destruction of 
the Monastery. 2 

1 Of these early examples of stone mortars, the late Mr. Charles Roach 
Smith has engraved a similar one in his Illustrations of Jtoman London. 
Other specimens of the same kind noticed by the present writer are one 
dug up in the neighbourhood of Bath Abbey, now in the Museum of the 
Literary and Philosophical Institution of that City ; another in the Abbey 
kitchen at Glastonbury. A portion of a third, of Purbeck marble, was dis- 
covered in the foundation of the Early English chancel of Bromham Church 
(13th century), when re-built in 1861. A fourth is in the Museum at 
Ipswich ; and several others were, it is believed, discovered many years 
since in the crypt of Gloucester Cathedral. 

2 These globular vessels of glazed ware, with the bearded head on the 
neck, appear to have been in common use in the days of Shakspeare and 





Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 445 

Some fragments of stained glass, and window lead, were 
also found, as well as molten lead, mixed with charcoal and 
wood ashes. One lump weighed as much as seven or eight 
pounds. 

Of the remains of roofing 
there were four different kinds 
lead, wood shingle, stone shingle, 
and red tile. Also a yellow glazed 
crest tile of the pattern shown in the annexed sketch. 

Near the east corner of the foundation of the stables some 
architectural fragments were found ; including part of a trefoil- 
headed window of the Early English period (i3th century), 
with many Norman capitals of earlier date. 

It now remains to identify the foundations thus investi- 
gated in 1860 with the particular block of monastic buildings 
to which they belonged. The site, measured in a straight line 
from the north transept of the church, is fully a thousand feet 
distant. The solution must not, consequently, be looked for 
either in the chapter house, refectory, dormitory, or any part 



Ben Jonson. The latter author, in his play of Bartholomew Fair, Act iv, 
Scene 3, says : 

" Who's at the best, some round grown thing, 

Faced with a beard, that fills out a jug to his guests." 

Beneath the bearded head is usually a medallion, either surrounded by 
foliage or bearing the arms of the Dutch town at which they were made. 
At Amesbury they were no doubt in use during the ownership of Edward, 
Earl of Hertford, son of the Protector Duke of Somerset [1552-1621], and 
the broken fragments thrown among the ruined walls of the old buildings 
which then remained. "During the religious feuds which raged in Holland 
the Protestant party originated a design for a drinking jug, in ridicule of 
their great opponent, the famed Cardinal Bellarmine, who had been sent 
into the Low Countries to oppose in person, and by his pen, the progress of 
the Reformed religion .... it was as often called ' a grey beard ' as 
it was 'a Bellarmine.' It was so popular as to be manufactured by 
thousands in all sizes and qualities of cheapness. It met with a large sale 
in England, and many fragments of these jugs of the reign of Elizabeth 
and James I have been exhumed in London. The writers of that era very 
frequently allude to it," Book of Days, 



446 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

of the main block of buildings surrounding the principal cloister, 
all of which were no doubt grouped together, and immediately 
adjoining the church itself. At Amesbury these buildings were 
on a large scale, and with the great cloister 104 feet square, a 
dormitory 200 feet in length, a refectory no feet, a great hall 
70 feet, and the rest in like proportion, the site of the main 
block in which they were included must have occupied no 
inconsiderable part of the space between the church and the 
present mansion ; for the entire Monastery and precincts, 
including garden, orchards, fish ponds, cemetery, &c., covered 
no less than twelve acres, besides a certain pasture called " the 
Park", containing six acres, which the Prioress and nuns 
themselves also occupied. 1 

It was evidently on the main block of buildings, nearly 
adjoining the church, that the principal havoc took place after 
the dissolution of the Monastery. From the Longleat papers, 
33 and 34 Henry VIII [1541-2], it appears that on their 
destruction the paving tile in the vestry, parlour, and a part of 
that in the inner parlour, the cloister, and chapter house, was 
taken up, and carried temporarily into the north transept of 
the church, which, being then unoccupied, was the nearest 
available place of storage. On 24 September 1542 is a pay- 
ment by "Symon Reef, of Chisenbury," for part of the tile 
paving in the chapter house thus showing that the tile floors 
belonging to the principal buildings in the main block were 
taken up and sold, whilst those of the more distant building in 
the rear of the mansion, laid bare in 1860, remained intact. 

There is one building belonging to a monastery which, 



1 The Longleat papers mention the Cemetery by the Park, and John 
Ray in his Itinerary (1662) describes the supposed tomb of Queen Guinevere, 
which he saw here, as " just behind the Marquess of Hertford's house, in a 
little park" (see p. 365). The tomb must therefore have been in the Nuns' 
Cemetery, to the east of the mansion, thus marked in the accompanying 
plan, Plate vi, where broken coffins were found in I860. The Park must 
have adjoined the cemetery in the direction of Grey Bridge, where the 
principal entrance is supposed to have been in the days of the Monastery. 



Notes on Amesbury Monastery. 447 

when space permitted, is sometimes found at a considerable 
distance from the main block. This was the Infirmary 
generally complete in itself, having its own chapel, hall, refec- 
tory, and other minor offices. At Amesbury, besides the usual 
chapel, it had its own separate cloister, for among the buildings 
condemned at the Dissolution (see p. 291) we find mention of 
the Old Infirmary with the Chapel, Cloister, and Lodgings ad- 
joining, and this the writer believes to have been the actual 
block of the monastic buildings identical with the foundations 
and tile floors laid bare at Amesbury in i860 1 their appar- 
ently long distance from the church being thus easily accounted 
for. The apartment (A), with its once rich tile paving, bearing 
the arms of royal patrons and benefactors, was probably the 
chapel of the Infirmary, which, besides the church itself, was 
the only consecrated building belonging to the Monastery, and 
the remains of long walls on its south and west sides, with a 
lavatory in the angle (b\ may have been a part of the adjoin- 
ing cloister connected with it. 

In concluding these somewhat lengthy notes on Ames- 
bury Monastery, the writer sincerely trusts that they may not 
have been entirely without interest in bringing together a few 
additional gleanings (collected partly from under ground) illus- 
trative of the history of one of the most interesting of the 
early monastic remains of the County of Wilts. 

EDWARD KITE. 



[The will of Thomas Bundy, mentioned at page 303, seems to deserve 
some additional notice. It is dated 10 February 1491, and was 
proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 15 May 1492 (Register 
17 Dogett). He desires to be buried in the Church of St. Melore 
(corpusque meum tumulandum in ecclesia sancti Melori) without 
mentioning any locality thus showing that the name ot the place 
was secondary to that ot the dedication of its church, celebrated in 
mediaeval times as containing the relics of St. Melore, and at the 



1 In confirmation of this suggestion, it may be mentioned that the 
Longleat papers contain no items relating either to the removal or sale of 
any of the tile paving^in the Infirmary. 



448 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

same time pointing to this Church of St. Melore as the one and only 
Church of Amesbury. He bequeaths to the Church of the Blessed 
Mary at Sarum 3^. $d., to the parish Church (i.e. of Amesbury) ios., 
to the lights in the said Church 14 sheep. To the Lady Prioress for 
tythe forgotten 6,y. 8d. He mentions a son, Sir Thomas, apparently 
a priest, another son, William, and two daughters, Matilda and Alice, 
to whom, besides silver cups, spoons, &c., he makes bequests only 
in corn and sheep. His wife Alice, and son William to be executors, 
and Sir Richard Belturm, overseer. 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 



(Continued Jrom p. 
[The following documents relate to Headinghill, which 
some authorities identify as part of Bratton ; though from the 
fact that it is found in deeds relating to Westbury, and not in 
those relating exclusively to Bratton (namely, in those in 
which Westbury is not mentioned), and from the fact that in 
the Edington Chartulary (Lansdown MSS. 442) the property 
there of the Rectors of Edington appears under the heading 
" Westbury", and not under that of " Bratton " (Braeton, &c.), 
it would seem that originally at least it was part of the parish 
or manor of Westbury.] 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [40 Henry HI. No. 41.] 
Post Mortem Walter de Pavely. 

[A.D. 1255-6. The King's writ for this inquest is dated 
3 July, 40 Henry III.] Walter de Pavely held in chief of the 
lord King the manor of Westbury, with its appurtenances, to 
wit, Broc, Heueddinghull, Stokes, and Dilledon, by the service 

of a knight's fee Reginald de Pavely, knight, 

son of Walter de Pavely aforesaid, is his nearer heir, and is of 
full age. 

CHARTER ROLL. [26 Edward I. No. i.] 

A.D. 1298. The King grants to Walter de Pavely and his 
heirs for ever free-warren in all his demesne lands in Westbury, 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 449 

Broke, and Heuedinghull, Wilts, not within the bounds of 
the royal forest ; so that none may enter to chase or take any- 
thing belonging to warren without his licence, &c., upon for- 
feiture of i olid, to the King. 

[Dated] at Fynkale 17 November. "Per ipsum Regem, 
nunciante Willelmo de Bella Campo, senescallo hospitii Regis." 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [17 Edward II. No. 70.] 
Post Mortem Walter de Pavely. 

A.D. 1323. Walter de Pavely held in his demesne as of fee 
on the day of his death the manors of Westbury, Broke, and 
Hevedynhulle of the king in chief by the service of a knight's 
fee. 

. . . . There is at Hevedynghulle a capital messuage 
with a garden worth yearly vjs. vijW. [?] and cc acres of arable 
land, of which c acres are worth yearly xxxiijs. iiij</., at iiijW. 
the acre; and c acres are worth yearly xxvs., at \\}d. per acre ; 
and in the same place there are xx acres of meadow, worth 
yearly xxxs., at viij^. the acre; and .... x , containing 
6 acres, whose profit is worth yearly | mark, and the pasture 

there is worth yearly | mark Reginald de 

Pavely is his son and nearer heir, and is 30 years old and 
more. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [21 Edward III. No. 48.] 

Post Mortem Reginald de Pavely. 

A.D. 1347. Inquisition taken at Westbury 23 February, 
21 Edward III. Reginald de Pavely held in chief the manor 
of Westbury, with its members, viz., Broke and Hevedinghull. 
John de Pavely, knight, is the son of Reginald aforesaid, and 
is his nearer heir, and is 40 years old and more. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [35 Edward III. Pt. 2. No. 24.] 
Post Mortem John de Pavely. 

A.D. 1361. Inquisition taken at Devises [?| 

35 Edward III. John de Pavely held, &c., the manor of West- 

1 Illegible word, 

H H 



45 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

bury and the hamlets. He died the 2ist October last year. 
They [the Jury] say that a certain Alice, daughter of the said 
John Pavely and his first wife Elizabeth, married to John de 
Seintlow, junior, still living, survived the said John de Pavely 
half a day ; which Alice and John Seintlow had legitimate issue 
still living, viz. Joan, 1 1 years old ; Elizabeth, 8 years old ; 
and Ela, 6 years old ; who, Joan, Elizabeth, and Ela, and Joan 
the daughter of the said John de Pavely, begotten of Agnes 
his second wife, aged 8 [?] years, are the heirs of the said John 
de Pavely. 

The participation of his lands was made by the Eschaetor 
at Westbury 21 January ["?], 35 Edward III, between John de 
Seintlow, husband of the daughter Alice, tenant by homage, 
and Joan, the daughter by Agnes his second wife, in the king's 
wardship, viz. : for one part, the manor of Brouke and hamlet 
of Dicherigg, with half of the profits and perquisites of the 
view of frankpledge, the hundred, fair, market, and portemote 
of Westbury ; and for the other part, the manor of Westbury 
and the hamlet of Hefdynghull, with the other half of the 
profits and perquisites, &c. ; the yearly rent of either part 
being ulib. gs. i%d. 

PATENT 36 EDWARD III. [Edington Chartulary (Lansdowne 

MS. 442, / 144^-] 

A.D. 1362. Edward, &c., to all, &c. We have granted to 
the venerable father William, Bishop of Winchester, the cus- 
tody of the manor of Westbury and of the hamlet of Hefding- 
hull, and half the profits and perquisites of view of frank- 
pledge, hundred, courts, fairs, markets, and portmotes of West- 
bury which belonged to John de Pavely, our tenant in chief, 
and which we have assigned to Joan, a daughter and heiress 
of the said John, being within age and in our wardship, for her 
share. For the yearly rent to John Seintlou, who married 
Alice, the other daughter and heir, now deceased, of John de 
Pavely, and who holds the other half of the said heritage 
belonging to Joan, Elizabeth, and Ela, daughters and heiresses 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 451 

of the said Alice, begotten between himself and her, of 
\\lib. 95. i\d., the excess of the value of their share during the 
life of the said John Seintlou, then to the said heirs of Alice if 
they are of age, or to ourselves, or other guardian, if they are 
not of age. To hold the same until the legitimate age of the 
foresaid Joan, with the marriage of the foresaid Joan, or if 
she dies before she is of age, then to hold the same until the 
full age of her heirs with their marriage. Tested myself at 
Westminster, 5 February. 

[This is followed by a copy of the mandate to the Eschaetor 
dated at Westminster 2oth November, 35 Edward III, con- 
cerning the division of the Pavely heritage as above.] 

IBID., f. 145. 

A.D. 1368. The King commands the Eschaetor to make a 
new division of the said heritage, upon the representation, of 
Ralph Cheyne, husband of Joan, daughter of John Pavely, now 
of age, that there were errors in the first division, that the 
said Joan's share was only 135. $d. in value in excess ; where- 
fore, by the assent of the said heirs, the King assigns to Joan, 
Elizabeth, and Ela, daughters of John Seintloy, the manor of 
Westbury, with the hamlets of Hevedynghull, Stoke Mul- 
bourne, and Leye, and all appurtenances, together with half 
the profits of the view of frankpledge, hundreds, fairs, markets, 
and portemotes of Westbury, and with all the rent from the 
" Shamelhous " in the town of Westbury ; to return yearly to 
Joan, the foresaid daughter of John Pavely, 6 yearly at 
Christmas, Easter, the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, and 
Michaelmas, in equal portions, right being reserved to the 
said Joan and her heirs to distrain for the rent ; and 
to the said Joan, now wife of Ralph Cheyne, the manor 
of Broke, with the hamlets of Dicherigg and Haukerigg, 
with the other half of the profits, &c., of Westbury, 
with two marks rent to be received by the hands of the Prior 
of Cherleton, near Uphaven, and 6 yearly rent from the 

manor of Westbury and the hamlets of Hevedynghull, &c., as 

H H 2 



452 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

aforesaid, and pasturage in the wood called " le holte ", and a 
place whereon to build. Tested by the King at Westminster, 
2oth November, 42 Edward III. 

ORIGINAL ROLL. [49 Edward III. No. 13.] 
A.D. 1375. The Eschaetor in Wilts is to accept security 
from John Chidyok and Joan his wife, one of the daughters 
and heirs of Alice, wife of John de St. Laud, knight, deceased, 
and from Ela de Bradestan, the other daughter and heir of the 
said Alice, of their properties of the manors of Westbury, 
Hevedynghull, and of half of the hundred of Westbury, with 
the appurtenances, held of the King in chief by knight-service ; 
and to make them have full seisin of the same. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [49 Edward III. PL 2. No. 34^, 

ist Nos.] 

Post Mortem John de St. Laud, knight. 
A.D. 1375. Inquisition taken at Weremenstre on Thursday 
next before the feast of S. Katherine the Virgin, 49 Edward III. 
John de St. Laud, knight, held no land or tenement in chief 
of the lord King or of any other on the day of his death ; but 
he held the manor of Westbury and Hevedynhulle, with half 
the hundred of Westbury, with the appurtenances, for the term 
of his life by the law of England after the death of Alice, 
formerly his wife, one of the daughters and heiresses of John 
de Pavely, of the lord King in chief by military service ; the 
reversion of the said manor and half hundred, after the death 
of the foresaid John, belonging to Joan, wife of John Chidiok, 
junior, knight, one of the daughters and heiresses of the fore- 
said Alice, of the age of 21 years and more, and to Ela de 
Bradestan, the other daughter and heiress of Alice aforesaid, 
of the age of 18 years and more. The value of the said manor 
or half hundred according to the true value is ulib. He died 
on Wednesday, 8th of November last. Alexander is the son 
of the foresaid John, and is of the age of half a year and more, 
being begotten of Margaret his second wife, still surviving, 
and is his nearest heir. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 453 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [14 Richard II. No. 12.] 
Post Mortem John Chidyok, knight. 

A.D. 1390. Inquisition taken at New Sarum on Thursday, 
the 22nd September, 14 Richard II. Sir John Chidyok, in 
right of Joan his wife, who survives him, held the 4th part of 
the manor and a 4th part of the hundred of Westbury, and a 
4th part of the manor of Hulpryngton, and a messuage and 
land at Immere. He died the Friday after the Feast of 
SS. Peter and Paul last. John Chidyok, his son, aged 12 years 
and more, is his heir. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [2 Henry IV. No. 52.] 
Post Mortem Ralph Cheyney. 

A.D. 1400. Inquisition taken at Westbury 2nd December, 
2 Henry IV. Ralph Cheyney held the manor of Broke, with 
the appurtenances, with half the profits of the hundred of 
Westbury, and half of the portemotes of the market and fairs 
there, and likewise 6lib. rent from the manor of Westbury 
and Hevedynghull, in chief by the service of half a knight's 
fee, and half a messuage and 2 carucates of land at Immere, 
and half the manor of Hulprynton, &c., in right of Joan, late 
his wife, and daughter of John Pavely. He died on Thursday, 
the Feast of St. Martin the Bishop last. William Cheyney is 
the son and heir of Ralph and Joan, and is 26 years old. 

INQUISITION POST MORTEM. [8 Henry V. No. 46.] 
Post Mortem William Cheyney, knight. 

A.D. 1421. Inquisition taken at Devyses 4th February, 
8 Henry V. William Cheyney, knight, held, &c., the manor 
of Broke, with half the profits and perquisites of the view of 
frankpledge, hundred, markets, &c., of Westbury, and mast 
without pasture for his swine in the wood of Westbury called 
"le Holte", &c., and 6lib. yearly rent at the four principal 
yearly terms from the manor of Westbury and the hamlets of 



454 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Heuedynghulle, Stoke Mulbourne, and Lyghe 

He died the 2yth of September last. Edward Cheyney is his 
son and nearer heir, and is 18 years old. 

E. M. THOMPSON. 

(To be continued.) 



ELLENDUNE AND ITS ANCIENT BOUNDARIES. 



The interesting question of the localisation of Ellendune 
has already been discussed in IV. N. &> O., vol. iii, p. 328, and 
it is hoped that no doubt now remains as to the existence of 
one, and one only, place of this name. 

Readers interested in Wroughton may be further interested 
in an account of the several portions of land now united under 
the name of Wroughton, and in the recital of the land limits of 
that part of it which in A.D. 956 was called Ellendune, which is 
alluded to in IV. N. & Q., vol. iii, p. 329. 

Leland's statement of the gift of King ^Ethelstan of "Ellen- 
dune quod est Worston ", to the Church of Winchester, is there 
mentioned, but he is probably wrong in attributing this gift to 
^Ethelstan (though not long after his death Ellendune certainly 
belonged to Winchester). 

We learn from Codex Diplomaticus, 1048, that ^Ethelwulf of 
Wessex confirmed previous grants of land to Malmesbury 
Abbey ; and among them " Daet is at Ellendune thirty hide " 
(Kemble, Codex Dip/ontaticus, writes thrity hide). This was 
nearly 100 years before King ^Ethelstan's reign, and Rev. C. 
Taylor says: " I cannot help thinking that Leland was mistaken 
in saying that vEthelstan gave Elendoun to Winton ; in any 
case, if he did, it had passed back to the possession of King 
Eadwig by A.D. 956, within 16 years of ./Ethelstan's death." 



Ellendune and its Ancient Boundaries. 455 

This we learn from Codex Dipolmaticus, 1184, reciting that 
" Eadwig granted to his faithful minister and relative ^Elfheah 
xxx manses at Ellendune." 

It is in this same charter that the land boundaries are 
recited. 

If these two entries about Ellendune refer, as is most 
probable, to one and the same place, we must seek some 
explanation for this giving away of Malmesbury Abbey lands, 
and the following suggestion is offered. 

From Codex Diplomaticus, 460, we learn that in the same 
year (A.D. 956) King Eadwig made this gift to his relative, he 
gave a very large grant of land to Malmesbury Abbey; and Mr. 
J. Y. Akerman's (in a note below, Archceologia, vol. xxxvii, 
p. 10) remarks on this grant to Malmesbury are worthy of con- 
sideration in connexion with that of Ellendune : " The politi- 
cal events of the short reign of this unhappy prince will explain 
the motives that influenced him to bestow on the Monks 
of Malmesbury so valuable a gift (i.e., Brokenberigge), which 
enabled them to join house to house and land to land, and 
thus fuse into one compact territory a vast portion of the 
northei^n district of Wiltshire." Other lands are also 
mentioned in the Malmesbury Cartulary as being, for the 
same reason, given in exchange for land near the Monastery. 
We have not sufficient evidence to show how Ellendune came 
into the possession of King Eadwig ; but it is just possible that 
it did so through some such exchange of lands previously held 
by the Monks of Malmesbury as is narrated above. 

The boundaries of Ellendune A.D. 9156, as recited in this 
Charter (Codex Diplomaticus, 1184), are as follows : 

These are the land boundaries of Ellendune. 

First from the heathen burial place and along the way to 
Crerscumbe 1 (i.e., Cresscombe). 

thence to the cow pasture 2 (?) from the cow pasture 2 (?) 



Ccerscumbas. 2 Msedena cova. 



456 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

to the Ridge way to Ealhere's burying place. 

thence and along the ditch to Hawkthorn 

from the thorn to the broad stone 

thence to Clover mere, 1 from the mere to helmesthorn 2 

From the thorn to the brook 

thence to the elder stumps from the stumps 

to the Church highway thence to Crudwell 3 (or Rudwell?) 

from Crudwell to Risborough 

from the barrow to Cold barrow from the barrow and along 
the way to the stone, from the stone again to the 
heathen burial place. 

The Rev. C. Taylor has sent me the following remarks on 
this boundary : " The valley where cress grows must be on 
the outcrop of the greensand where the springs are thrown up 
by the underlying gault, and the cress flourishes as it now 
does at Bishopston. So it is evident that the boundary started 
from some point North of the greensand, then ran across it 
up to the Ridgway, and followed the Ridgway to Ealhere's 
Grave ; it ran down past various points to a brook, and by 
some elder stumps to the Church highway, and so by some 
barrows to the heathen burying place again, thus encircling 
the Manor of Ellendune. It is not clear, however, whether 
the starting point lay on the East or West side of the Manor 
probably on the West. It is not likely that the boundaries 
are those of the existing parish of Wroughton, for that con- 
tains two Manors of Wroughton, rated at 20 hides, and the 
Manor of Elcombe, rated at 27 hides, besides the 30 hides of 
Ellendune. Ellendune would thus have contained about f of 
the parish, or some 2,400 acres ; it must have been a narrowish 
strip, with the longer diameter running north and south. 

"According to the methods of interpretation adopted by 
Mr. Eyton in his work on the Domesday of Somerset and 



Cloefasr Maere. - haelnes thorn. 

3 hrudwylle. 



Field Names in Melksham. 457 

Dorset, the area of the Manors of Ellingdon-Wroughton would 
be approximately as follows : 

Plough Arable. Wood. Mea- Pasture Total. Hides 
lands. dow. h.v.f. 

Elendune ... 12 ... 1,440 ... 20 ... 60 ... 180 ... 1,700 ... 30.00 

Elendune ... i ... 120 ... ... ... - ... 120 ... 1.2 

Elecombe ... 8 ... 960 ... 20 ... 60 ... 60 ... 1,100 ... 27 

Wertune ... 4 ... 480 ... 2 ... - ... 30 ... 512 ... 10 

Wervetone ... 4 ... 480 ... ... ... ... 480 ... 10 

29 ... 3,480 ... 42 ...120 ... 270 ... 3,912 ... 78.2 

" The present area is given as 6,390 acres ; as only 270 
acres of pasture are recorded, no doubt the greater part of the 
deficient acreage lay on the Downs stretching up to Barbury." 

Mr. Taylor's information will be welcomed by any one 
interested in trying to make out this ancient boundary of 
Ellendune. T. S. M. 



FIELD-NAMES IN MELKSHAM. 



i. From a Terrier of the parish compiled in 1836 it 
appears that the commonest field names are compounds of 
Mead, Leaze, and Ground e.g., Northmead, Shepherds Leaze, 
Home Ground. 

ii. A smaller class is formed with Field, Close, Leigh, and 
Croft e.g., Buryfield, Corn Close, Long Leigh, Left Croft. 

iii. There are a few compounds of Marsh, Acre, Hani or 
Hame, Hill, Land, Hay, Grove, More or Moor, Conigre e.g., 
Outmarsh, Beanacre, Wicky Ham, Bowerhill, Scotlands, Perry 
Hay, Upper Grove, Queenmoor, Long Conigre. We get some 
of these uncompounded, as The Acre, The Ham, The Grove, 
The Conigre add to these The Lagger. 

All the above are common names, such as one might 
expect to find in any parish, except the Conigres, which I 
should only expect to find where there was Royal demesne. 



458 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

The Meads and Fields are probably the most ancient 
terms : the former being all Common Meads originally, and 
the latter Common Arable Lands. 

The principal Meads of Melksham were Northmead, 
Broadmead, Islay Mead, Boatmead, Queenmoor, etc., lying 
along the River Avon ; and there were others along the Brooks. 
They are all below the flood level, and so admitted of annual 
mowing. They are now all private enclosures. 

The Common Fields were Buryfield, Holbrookfield, Wool- 
merfield, Avonfield, etc., in different parts of the parish, and 
are now all enclosed. 

Besides the two or three hundred names that fall under 
the above three classes, there are a great many that have 
individual names not admitting of precise classification, as 
Rowleys, Sexwell, Gotharts. 

Lastly, there are the many new enclosures by Act of 
Parliament. 

A parish historian should be able to give the history and 
etymology of any field name in his district. May I experi- 
ment with some that I have given above, and invite fuller 
information e.g. : 

Northmead, an ancient common mead lying to the north 
of the town. 

Shepherds Leaze, formerly Sheephouse Leaze or Lye. A 
sheep house seems in old days to have been a common feature 
in a pasture field. What leaze means in this connexion I 
don't know. The word is used to express the right to graze a 
beast on a common, and I find a farmer 1 50 years ago describ- 
ing a field as his summer leaze. 

Home Ground, an enclosure adjacent to a messuage or 
dwell i ng-house. 

Buryfield, spelt temp. Ed. I. Bereghfield a common 
field. Perhaps the first cultivators found an old burying 
place here. 

Long Leigh. Leigh perhaps a variant of leaze. 

Left Croft. I have seen it stated that a croft is an en- 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 459 

closure about a chief tenant's messuage. The word Left was 
earlier Leaf, and earlier still, temp. Elizabeth, Leve or Lever, 
which, I believe, is Saxon or old English, meaning " lovely". 

Islay Mead, spelt also Iley and Highley. Those who hold 
the view that the battle of Ethandun was fought at Yatton 
Down may think that this is " ^Egglea ", where Alfred en- 
camped the night before the battle. They have this point in 
their favour, that from here to Chippenham there was con- 
tinuous forest, which would have enabled a commander to 
mask his movements and inflict a surprise upon his enemy. 

Beanacre, pronounced Binnegar : compare Wheteacre and 
Whittaker. Is the suffix the Latin " agrum " or a Saxon 
word ? Conigre has probably the same derivation. 

Bowerhill, probably equivalent to Buryhill : compare 
Buryfield. 

Queenmoor and Queenfield, both within the Forest area. 
Two of the Queens of England had a grant of the profits 
arising from Melksham Forest, and it might be possible to 
connect these two names with the fact. 

T. J. G. H. 



A CALENDAR OF FEET OF FINES FOR WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 423.) 



EDWARD VI. 

366. Anno 2. John Wysse and Thomas Moyle, knt., 
and Katherine his wife ; messuages and lands with the third 
part of a watermill and granary in Warmyster, Smalbroke, and 
Bischipstraw. 200 marks. 

367. Anno 2. Edward, Earl of Somerset, and Roger 
Higford and Margaret his wife ; manor of Knolle ; messuages 
and lands in Knolle, Tymeryge, Hynsett, Rydge Tyterydge, 
Estbedwyn, and Westbedwyn. ^240 sterling. 



460 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

368. Anno 3. John Spencer and Thomas Strete and 
Thomas Richeman, alias Webbe, and Anna his wife ; messu- 
ages and lands in Radborne and Chayney. 

369. Anno 3. Katherine Turney and Alice Turney, 
daughter and heiress of George Turney, and Walter Burden, 
son and heir of Richard Burden, son and heir John Burden ; 
messuages and lands in Semley. 100 marks. 

370. Anno 3. Richard Bridges, arm., and Thomas Coke, 
gen., and Julian his wife ; lands in Brodeblundesdown. $o 
sterling. 

371. Anno 3. Robert Griffith and Fulke Mounslowe and 
Richard Holte ; messuages and lands in New Sarum. ,100 
sterling. 

372. Anno 3. Robert Tyderleygh, jun., gen., and John 
Stapulls, arm., and Margaret his wife, and William Button, 
arm., manor of Lytelton Paynell ; messuages and lands in 
Lytelton paynell and West Lavyngton. '^360 sterling. 

373. Anno 3. Henry Longe and Andrew Baynton, arm. ; 
one messuage called Hewood, alias Heywood, alias Temmys 
Leys, and lands in the parish and hundred of Westbury and 
Whorewaldowne, Hewood, and Hawkerudge. 80 marks. 

374. Anno 3. John Hegys and John Larder, sen. ; one 
messuage and land in the High Street, Malmesbury. 20 
sterling. 

375. Anno 3. Thomas Ayshelock and John Dodyngton ; 
messuage and lands in Mere. 40 sterling. 

376. Anno 3. Thomas Arundell, knt, and Leonard 
Weste, arm., and Barbara his wife; a rental of 12 in Sutton 
Mainsfeld. ^240 sterling. 

377. Anno 3. William Poole, arm., and John Poole and 
Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, and Lady Katherine his wife ; 
manor of Russhall, alias Rusteshall Hungerford ; messuages 
and lands in Russhall, alias Rusteshall Hungerford, with 
advowson of the church of Russhall, alias Rusteshall. ,880 
sterling. 



A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire. 461 

378. Anno 3. Thomas Longe and John Arundell, 
knt. ; messuages and lands in Westbury under the Plain, 
Bratton, Imbar and Edyngton. ,400 sterling. 

379. Anno 3. Gerard Eryngton, arm., and John Butler, 
knt., manor of Salterton ; messuages and lands with free 
fishery in Salterton, Netton, Newton, and Durnford. ^466 
sterling. 

380. Anno 3. John Dyer and Leonard Westley and 
Thomas Stanton, arm., and George Poton ; messuages and 
lands in Rutherdowne, Hokesfeld and Kingeston Deverell. 

381. Anno 3. Thomas Brynde and Thomas Yate, gen. ;' 
messuages and lands in East Wanborough, West Wanborough, 
and Wanborough, with free fishing in the waters of East Wan- 
borough, West Wanborough, and Wanborough. ,340. 

382. Anno 3. Nicholas Snell and John Danyell, arm., 
son and heir of James Danyell, manor of Bulhyde ; messuages 
and lands in Kynton St. Michael. ^80. 

383. Anno 4. Virgil Pledall and Robert Baynard and 
James Yate, gen., and Johanne his wife, and Edward Flower, 
gen., son and heir of Johanne, manor of Worton ; messuages 
and lands in Worton, Pottern, Rowde, and Foxander alias 
Foxhanger. ,353. 

384. Anno 4. Peter Pyers and Robert Smyth ; messu- 
ages and lands in Marleburgh. ^36. 

385. Anno 4. John Sampson and James Tusser, and 
Elizabeth his wife ; messuages and lands in Ruscomb. 40. 

386. Anno 4. -Robert Barley and Richard Atkynson and 
Agnes his wife ; messuages and lands in East Codford, alias 
Codford Marye, Bores and Burston Deverell. ^20. 

387. Anno 4. Robert Topping and William Batten, 
arm. ; messuage and garden in Marleburgh. 20. 

388. Anno 4. John Hooper and Thomas Travers, and 
Christina his wife ; messuages and lands in the parish of S. 
Martin's in the city of New Sarum. ^33. 

389. Anno 4. William Sampson and John Sampson and 
Mildred his wife ; messuages and lands in Ruscome. 



462 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

390. Anno 4. John Pyke, son of John Pyke, and Mar- 
garet Pyke, widow ; messuage and land in Rudge Chylmarke 
and Fontelgifford. ,40. 

391. Anno 4. William Pyke a nd Margaret Pyke, widow, 
a third part of the manor of Chycklade ; messuages and lands 
in Chycklade, with advowson of the church of Chycklade. 

;6o. 

E. A. FRY. 
(To be continued.) 



QUAKERISM IN WILTSHIRE. 

(Continued from p. 426.) 



III. BIRTH RECORDS. 

I. 

1660-7-12. Sarah ILES, dau. of John lies, of Purton. 
1663-8-31. John ILES, son of John lies, of Purton. 
1665/6-11-20. Zippora ILES, dau. of John lies. 

J- 
1655-7-7. Mary JAQUES, dau. of Joseph Jaques, of Grittleton. 

1660-9-1. Thomas JONES, son of William Jones, of Brinkhill. 

1660-10-3. Sarah JAY, dau. of John and Elizabeth Jay, of 
Castlecombe. 

1662-5-7. John JONES, son of John Jones, of Calne. 
1667-*-!. John JEY, son of Edward and Agnes Jey. 
1668-9-28. Thomas JEAMES, son of Thomas Jeames, of Calne. 
1680-2-20. Sarah JONES, dau. of John Jones, of Littleton Drew. 

1681-1 1 -i. Margret JEFFERYS, 1 dau. of David and Ann Jefferys, 
of Foxham, Brimhill ph. 



1 There are more than eighty references to this surname in the Wilt- 
shire Registers, and the spelling takes eleven different forms. The name 
still survives among the Friends (though not in Wiltshire), the spelling 
of the name by the descendants of the Wilts stock having settled down to 
JEFFERYS. 



Quakerism in Wiltshire. 463 



1682-10-7. William JEFFERIES, son of William and Ann 
Jefferies, of Stowen Maish. 

1682-10-21. David JEFFERIES, son of David and Ann Jefferies, 
Stowm Maish \sic\. 

1683-10-22. David JEFFERYS, son of David and Ann Jefferys, of 
Foxham. 

1685-8-10. Edward JEFFERYS, son of Edward and Frizard 
Jefferys, of Charlcott, Brimhill ph. 

1685-8-19. Edward JEFFERIS, son of Edward Jefferis, of 
Nailhom. 

1686-4-1. Edward JONES, of Southwicke, North Bradley ph., 
son of Stephen and Sarah Jones. 

1686-7-22. Thomas JEFFERYS, son of David and Ann Jefferys, 
of Foxham. 

1693-5-17. Mary JEFFERYS [JAFFERIES], dau. of John and Mary 
Jefferys, of Charlcott, Brimhill ph. [of Berds.] 

1695-5-4. Hannah JOHNSON, dau. of Joshua Johnson, of 
Devizes. 

1696-9-27. Mary JOHNSON, dau. of Joshua Johnson, of 
Devizes. 

1697-8-19. Joseph JONES, son of John and Esther Jones, of 
Chippenham. 

1699-3-19. Rachel JONES, dau. of John and Esther Jones, of 
Chippenham. 

K. 

1684-11-20. John KNIGHT, son of Peter and Ann Knight, of 
Milsham. 

L. 

1660-10-5. Edward LEADER, son of Bridget Leader, of Calne. 

1668-5-19. Katherine LUFE, dau. of Robert and Katherine 
Lufe, of Lavington Meeting. 

1681-11-28. John LUFE, son of John and Jane Lufe, of Laving- 
ton Meeting. 

1686-12-24. Sarah LYNE, dau. of John and Mary Lyne, of 
Stockly. 

1696-10-14. Jacob LEWES, son of William Lewes. 

1699-10-12. Jaber [sic] LITTEL (alias HODGES), son of George 
and Mary Littel (alias Hodges). 



464 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

M. 

1665-3-1. Mary MUNDAY, dau. of Francis Munday, of 
Marlbro. 

1675-2-12. William MOORE, son of Wm. and Mary Moore, of 
Canings. 

1675-3-23. Bulah MARSHALL, dau. of Charles and Hannah 
Marshall, of Tytherton Galloway. 

1676-6-27. Hannah MARSHALL, dau. of Charles and Hannah 
Marshall, of Tytherton. 

1678-11-21. John MORSE, son of Richard Morse, of Purton 
Meeting. 

1681/2-11-14. James MASON, son of Benjamin Mason, of 
London. 

1681-3-6. Hanah MOORE, dau. of William and Hanah Moore. 
1684-1-28. Joseph MERRIFIELD, son of William Merrifield. 
1688-4-22. tester MERRIFIELD, dau. of William Merrifield. 
1691-5-1. Roger MERIFIELD, son of W 7 illiam Merifield. 
1694-3-28. Benjamin MERIFIELD, son of William Merifield. 
1697-2-1. William MERIFIELD, son of William Merifield. 

N. 

1657-3-*. Steven NEWMAN, son of William Newman, of Purton. 
1659-2-10. Margery NOYES, dau. of Israel Noyes, of Calne. 
1662-2-27. Mary NOYES, dau. of Israeli Noyes, of Calne. 
1664-12-14. Elizabeth NOYES, dau. of Israeli Noyes, of Calne. 
1666-10-12. Israeli NOYES, son of Israeli Noyes, of Calne. 
1667-4-11. Sarah NOYES, dau. of Samuell Noyes, of Devizes. 
1668/9-12-1. John NEATE, son of John Neate, of Calne. 

1668-12-28. John NEATE, son of John and Ann Neate, of Calne 
Meeting. 

1670-5-1 I[IQ]. Joseph NEATE, son of John [and Ann] Neate, 
of Calne Meeting. 

1670-11-27. John NOYES, son of Israeli Noyes, of Calne 
Meeting. 

1671-8-18. Eleinor NOYES, dau. of Samuell Noyes, of Devizes. 
1672-12-8. Thomas NEATE, son of John Neate, of Calne. 
1673-1-3. Daniell NEATE, son of John Neate, of Calne. 
1675-5-6. Samuell NEATE, son of John Neate, of Calne Meeting. 



Some Notes on the Delamere Family. 465 

1677-4-21. Mary NEATE. dau. of John Neate, of Calne Meeting, 
rdpa-ii-^o. Israeli NOYES, son of Israeli and Katerine [Kata- 

rhine] Noyes, of [Bradford] Charlcott Monthly 

Meeting. 
1694-9-18. Melior NEWMAN, son of Paul and Mary Newman, 

of Melksham [?]. 
1695-6-20. Aaron NEWMAN, of Melksham, son of Silas and 

Joane Newman, of Melksham, weaver. 
1696-10-4. James NEWMAN, son of Paul and Mary Newman, of 

Melksham, taylor. 
1696-11-18. John NEAT, son of John Neat, Junr. 

Tottenham, Middx. NORMAN PENNEY. 

(To be continued.) 



SOME NOTES ON THE DELAMERE FAMILY, AND 
THEIR CHANTRY AT MARKET LAYINGTON. 

(Continued from p. 320.) 



RICHARD BEAUCHAMP, KNIGHT, only son and heir of 
William, Lord St. Amand, by Elizabeth Braybrooke, next 
presented to Lavington Chantry in 1490, the year probably of 
his mother's death. He had, with his father-in-law, Sir Roger 
Tocotes, also joined the standard of the Duke of Buckingham, 
been attainted by Richard III, and restored on the accession of 
Henry VII, in the twelfth year of whose reign [1497] he was 
summoned to Parliament as Lord St. Amand, under which 
title he again presented to the Lavington Chantry in 1504 and 
1506. He was himself the founder of a Chantry in Bromham 
Church, dedicated to the B.V. Mary and St. Nicholas, within 
the chapel containing the tombs of his mother and father-in- 
law. He presented to this Chantry, as fundator ejusdem, in 

1 1 



466 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



1 508, and died, apparently in London, in the same year. 1 By 
will, proved in P.C.C. [F 2 Bennett], he desires to be buried in 
the Church of Blackfriars, Ludgate. His relict, Ann, daughter 
of Sir Walter Wriothesley, knight, presented, in the year of 
her husband's death, to the Lavington Chantry, and also to 
that at Bromham. 

On the decease of the last Lord St. Amand without 
legitimate issue in 1508, this branch of De la Mare, Roche, 
and Beauchamp, became merged in the Wiltshire family of 
Baynton. Their ancestor, Nicholas Baynton, of Falston, had 
married Joan, the younger daughter and co-heiress of Sir 
John Roche, and their son, Sir John Baynton, afterwards 
marrying Jane, daughter of Sir Richard Dudley the grand- 
daughter and eventual heiress of Elizabeth, the elder daughter 
and co-heiress of Sir John Roche the Bayntons thus became 
the representatives of both ; and the arms of the heiresses of 
Dudley, Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand, Roche, Delamere, and 
Swanton were blazoned as quarterings on the Baynton shield, 
as shown in the accompanying illustration. 



i. Sable, a bend lozengy 
argent BAYNTON. 

2 Argent, two bars 
gules, each charged 
with three cross 
crosslets or DAN- 
DELEY {see Burke]. 

3. Gules, a fess be- 
tween six martlets 
or BEAUCHAMP, 
LORD ST. AMANDA 




4. Azure, three roaches 
naiant argent 
ROCHE. 



5. Gules, two lions pas- 

sant guardant, col- 
lared azure DE LA 
MARE. 

6. Argent on a chevron 

sable three eagles 
displayed or - 
WANTON [see Burke]. 



1 Sir Thomas Long, of Wraxhall and Draycote, by will 11 Sep. 1508, 
bequeaths to his wife Margery [daughter of Sir George Darell, of Littlecote], 
inter alia, a gold ring " that was my lord St. Amands ". Both had taken 
part in the expedition against Perkin Warbeck in 1497. 

2 On the brass of Sir Edw. Baynton (1578) in Bromham Church this 
quartering is within a bordure argent. 



Some Notes on the Delantere Family. 467 

Before the year 1508, when they inherited "Roche's 
manor " in Bromham, the Baynton family had for many 
generations held the manor of Fallardeston, or Falston, in 
the parish of Bishopstone, in South Wilts, where they obtained 
the Royal licence to fortify their residence in the reign of 
Edw. Ill [1375-6]. John Baynton, the first owner of Bromham, 
who is described on his brass as " consanguinei et hered Ricardi 
Beauchamp domini de Sancto Amando", died in 1516, and 
was succeeded by his eldest son Edward, afterwards knighted, 
who was vice-chamberlain to three queens of Henry VIII, 
and grantee from the Crown of much monastic property in 
Wiltshire, as already mentioned at p. 131 of the present 
volume. Sir Edward was the last patron of the Lavington 
Chantry, to which he presented in 1537. He is supposed to 
have died in France, whilst attending the king, in 1544-5. His 
will [P.C.C. F 28 Pynnyng] was proved in the latter year. 
The Lady Isabel, his second wife, who survived him, was 
daughter of Sir John Leigh, of Stockwell, co. Surrey. After 
his death, in 3 Edw. VI [1548-9], she obtained, jointly with Sir 
Edward Hastings, knight, a lease from the Crown of the site 
of the dissolved Monastery at Edington, where she was 
apparently living in 1554 for she is described at that date as 
" Lady Isabella Baynton, of Edyngdon". 

In 1545 [37 Hen. VIII] a Commission was appointed by 
the Crown to enquire into the revenues, &c., belonging to 
chantries, colleges, guilds, and fraternities, and by the statute 
i Edward VI [1546-7] all chantries were suppressed their 
lands and property being conferred on the king, under cover 
of " providing for the poor, augmenting the incomes of vicar- 
ages, paying the salaries of preachers, and endowing free 
schools for the diffusion of learning." In March 1548, 
Commissioners were again appointed in every shire to take a 
further survey of the whole of these foundations within com- 
pass of the Act of Parliament. In one of the returns of the 
earlier Commissioners is the following entry relating to the 
de la Mare Chantry at Market Lavington the revenues of 

I i 2 



468 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

which, amounting yearly to 6 25. 4</., were then [1545] in the 
hands of Lady Isabella, widow of Sir Edward Baynton. 

" Una cant'ia in Estlavyngton unde quis sit fundator non cous . . . 
que cant'ia absqz sp'iali licentia d'c'i d'ni Regis dissoluta fuit p . . . 
quartum diem februarii Anno regni ejusd'm D'ni Regis xxvijth [1535] 
cui' cant'ie possessiones & alia p'ficua ann'ti attingunt ad vjlt ijs iiij</, 
que terre & possessiones sup'dic' cum p'tinen ad manus d'ne Isabelle 
Baynton vidue ann'ti deveniunt et in manibz suis existunt." Certificate 
of Chantries, No. 56. Public Record Office. 

This brings to a close the history of the Market Lavington 
Chantry as a religious foundation, as well as that of its 
Founder and successive Patrons, and it only remains to add a 
list of the Chaplains instituted by the Bishops of Salisbury from 
its foundation, in 1343, until the general suppression in 1548. 
These are collected from the Wilts Institutions, privately 
printed by the late Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart [1821-25] : 

A.D. PATRON. INCUMBENT. 



1349. Cyf Stupel- Robert de la Mare, Peter le Mason . 



(John Bulmere, on 
the resignation of 
Mason. 

1403. Chantry of Chepyng | Matilda de la Mare f Richard Wodyng- 
Lavington. | " Mulier". \ ton. 

1411. Chantry of St. Kathe-"] 

. To" L f vy," The Bishop. WiUiam MarchaU. 

Forum. 

( Walter Beaurhamn I William Batayle, 

1412. do. Waltei oeauchainp, I Qn fa res i gn ation 

I Esc l- I of Marshall. 

[This incumbent belonged to the Order ot Friars Preachers, of 
which there was, at that time, an establishment at Wilton.] 

1417. Chantry of the Blessed 



Katherine and Mar- 
garet, Stepul Lav- 
yngton. 



] f 

..Walter Beauchamp, wmiam Marschal 



knt. 



1424. Chantry of Lavyngton } , f Robert Swan- 

Forum. | hanger. 



Some Notes on the Dctamere Family. 



469 



14^4. Chantry at the altar oH f D - , , T 

St. Catherine and I Elizabeth Beau- Richard Vincen, 



1450. 



1476. 



1490. 



1504. 



St. Catherine and St. 
Margaret Chantry 
in Lavyngton Forum 
alias Stepel Lavyng- 
ton. 

Chantry ot Stepel 
Lavyngton, alias 
Lavyngton Forum. 

Chantry of East Lav- 

Chantry of the Blessed 
Mary of East Lav- 
yngton. 



j William Beauchamp, 
} knt., Lord St. 
Amand. 



Thomas Coke, on 
the resignation of 
Walter Newman. 



) Roger Tocottes, knt., f Roger Walker, on 
I and Elizabeth, Ladys the resignation of 
J St. Amand, his wife. | Cokkes. 



Richard Beauchamp, 



R v, 
Beauchamp 

St. Amand. 



Wil i iarn Temset. 

Simon Clement, 
Qn hfi death 

Temset> 



1508. 
537- 



do. 

Chantry in the Church "| 
of Steeple Laving- I 
ton, alias Lavington f 
Forum. 



Edward Bayntun, 
knt. 



Webbe. 



John Maggell, on 
the death of Webb. 



The Delamare Chantry appears to have occupied the east 
end of the north aisle of Market Lavington Church, which was 
most probably separated by open screen work from the rest of 
the building. Beneath the east window, of three unconnected 
trefoil headed lights, there are distinct traces of an altar, and 
in the north face of the eastern pier of the nave arcade, close to 
the east wall, is the accompanying piscina, also trefoil headed. 
The side windows of the aisle, three in number, are of good 
design, and uniform, being square-headed, and each of three 
trefoil headed lights the same number of trefoils forming the 
tracery above. In the wall between them is the doorway which 
formed a separate entrance from without and it is not im- 
probable that on the foundation of his chantry in 1343, Peter 
Delamare also added at least to the architectural features of the 
aisle. 

It would be interesting to trace with accuracy the subse- 
quent descent of the property which formed the endowment of 
the chantry, and whether, in the hands of the Baynton family, 



470 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



it again merged into their manor, formerly held by the 
Delamares. From the inquisition taken 26 July 1631, on the 
decease of Sir John Dauntesey, of West Lavington, it appears 
that he was seised inter alia of the manor of Lavington Baynton 
(formerly de la Mares) and of 3 messuages, 200 acres of land, 
and 100 acres of pasture in Steeple Lavington, held of the king 
in chief, by knight service. Also of the manor of Lavington 
Rectory in Steeple Lavington, and of 2 messuages, 2 cottages, 
40 acres of land, 10 of meadow, and 12 of pasture there, held of 
the king, as of his manor of East Greenwich, in free and 
common socage, by fealty and the rent of 30 shillings yearly. 

The following survey of the Chantry manor in Market 
Lavington, also held in socage as of the manor of East Green- 
wich, is of later date, and has been kindly supplied by Mr. 
James Coleman, of Tottenham, Middlesex. 

Avaluac'on orSurveighof the Chauntry Mannor in Lavington fforum, 
al's. Steeple Lavington, in the County of Wilts, being socage tenure as 
holden of the Mannor of East Greenwich : And which was tbrm'ly pur- 
chased by Gabriell Still, deed., from S'r ffrederick Hyde, knt, deed. 

Tenants' Names. 



John ffilkes 
Thomas Purchase 
Robert Coleman 
Isaac Selfe 
John Holloway ... 
Edward fforth 
Moses Ruddle ... 
John Mattock 
Robert Sainsbury 
Isaac Selfe 
Nicholas Norris ... 
Richard Hopkins 
William Gibbs ... 
Bridgett James, widd' 
The wida Lye ... 
William Wise and 1 
Richard Naish | 
Oliver Cawley, Esq. 
Henry Jackson ... 



Yeerely Value. 

s. d. 


Herriotls. 

s. d. 


Chief Rent. 

s. d. 


. 60 





. 


.. 


II 


.. 


. I 


16 


4 


i5 


O 


, 


.. O 


IO 


O . 


.. O 


7 


2 


. .8 


O 


O . 


.. O 


5 


O . 


.. 


6 


IO 


15 


O 


O . 


.. O 


IO 


. 


.. 


7 


2 


25 


O 


, 


.. 


13 


4 


.. o 


10 





,. 4 





. 


.. 


5 


O . 


.. o 


3 





- 5 








... O 


IO 


O . 


.. o 


3 


4 


5 


O 


O . 


.. O 


5 


O ., 


. o 


3 


4 


. 6 





O . 


.. 


5 


.. 


. 


13 


4 


5 





. 


.. 


3 


. 


.. o 


3 





5 





. 


.. O 


3 


O . 


,. o 


4 


o 


4 


O 


O . 


.. O 


6 


8 . 


. 


3 


o 


. 6 


O 


O . 


.. O 


3 


4 


. o 


3 


I 


10 





. 


.. 


10 


o . 


,. o 


2 


2 


4 





O . 


.. O 


3 


o . 


.. o 


2 


O 


. 6 


O 


c . 


.. O 


IO 


o .. 


. 


12 





. 22 


13 


4 


.. 





.. 


. o 


IS 


4 


. 12 





. 


.. 








. o 


10 






13 4 



(sic) 6 8 



The King's Rents paid yeerely out oi this Manno r is x]s. 

Rpt. (receptus) p. Jas. Townsend. 
Endorsed " A particular of the Chantry Lands in Lavington fforum. 

EDWARD KITE. 



Wiltshire Arms in 1716. 471 



WILTSHIRE ARMS IN 1716. 



In the history of Wiltshire Heraldry there is, perhaps, no 
more interesting period than the earlier half of the last cen- 
tury a period of heraldic anarchy, when men of wealth 
assumed armorial bearings without right or title. 1 In most 
cases the pretender presumed upon his identity of name with 
that of some noble or aristocratic family. In most cases, also, 
the descent of the pretender can be carried back no further 
than the father or grandfather, or three generations at the 
outside. Nor is it without interest to search for such parti- 
culars as we may find in wills, deeds, and the like, of the 
standing or occupation of these progenitors. My experience 
is that they are generally merchants or tradesmen (more often 
than not clothiers), who, having acquired a fortune by such 
means, bought an estate and desired a title to gentility. 

This appears to me to be the real reason why so many 
arms-bearing persons at the present day, attempting to trace 
back their descent, find themselves unable to go further back 
than the end of the seventeenth century, and can find no use 
of heraldic insignia until the eighteenth century. In this 
matter the Heralds' College has in former times, I think, 
been more to blame, perhaps, than the pretenders themselves, 
the Heralds seeming to have been willing to register any 
arms, without enquiry as to descent, so long as they ob- 
tained their emolument. In such a light, I trust that the 
following extracts may not be considered unworthy of these 
pages, and may be followed by further ordinaries of arms 
collected from early heraldic writers. They are taken from 
Grammar of Heraldry, published by " Samuel Kent, of 
London, Printer," in 1716. The title is somewhat deceptive, 

1 It is not, perhaps, too rash to state that a large number of the Arms in 
our Churches has been assumed by those who exhibit them, and that of the 
rest many have not been duly registered in the College of Arms by those 
who have inherited them. Editor W. N. fy Q. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



as the doctrinal part of it is very short, the main bulk of 
the little book being devoted to an Ordinary of Arms, for 
the most part accompanied by illustrations of shields. I have 
copied out the description of the charges in respect of those 
families who are said to be " of Wiltshire", and I would ask 
for the place of residence and such brief notes of the descent 
of each family as your readers may be able to supply. In 
many cases, of course, the title is undoubtedly genuine, but if 
I mistake not, there are others in which there is very much 
doubt. C. S. 

BULLEIN (or BOLEN), of which was Thomas, once Earl of 
Wiltshire, and the Lady Anna, mother to Q. Elizabeth, bare ; 
Argent, a chevron between three Bulls' Heads couped Sable. 
But tkis stands wrong (depicted in outline). 

CALY ; He beareth Quarterly Argent and Sable, on a 
Bend Gules three Mullets of the first (not depicted). 

ERNLEY; The Field is Argent, on a Bend Sable three 
Eaglets displaid of the first (depicted in outline). 

FLOWER; The Field is Sable, a unicorn passant Or, on a 
Chief Argent three July flowers proper (depicted in outline). 

JASON ; The Field is Azure, the Golden Fleece in a Border 
of Scotland (or double Tressure counterflory) Or (depicted in 
outline). 

JORDAN ; The Field is Azure, a Lion rampant between 
eight Cross-Croslets fitched, 3, 2, 2, i, Or, and a Chief of the 
same (depicted in outline). 

KELLOWAY ; The Field is Argent, two Graziers Sable, 
between four Pears Gules, in a Border ingrail'd of the second 
(depicted in outline). 

QUINTON ; The Field is Ermine, on a Chief Gules, three 
Lioncels rampant Or (depicted in outline). 

RESTWOLD of Berkshire and Wiltshire ; He beareth Argent, 
3 Bendlets Sable (not depicted). 

THE REVEREND Mr. SAMUEL ROSEWELL, of London, M.A., 
descended from the Rosewells of Somersetshire, Wiltshire, and 



Wiltshire Arms in 1716. 473 

Devon (who came in with the Conqueror), bears ; Party per 
Pale Gules and Azure, a Lion rampant Argent. 

THE BISHOPRICK OF SALISBURY has for its seal, Azure, 
our Lady with her Babe in her Arms, and a Scepter in her left 
Hand, all Or (depicted in outline). 

SHERINGTON ; The Field is Gules, two Cross-Patties Or, 
between as many Flaunches checkie Argent and Azure (de- 
picted in outline). 

STURMY ; He beareth Argent, three demy Lions rampant 
Gules (not depicted). 

TROWBRIDGE; The Field is Or, on a Bridge of three 
Arches in Fesse Gules, masoned Sable, the streams transfluent 
proper, a Fane Argent (depicted in outline). 

VAUGHAN ; The Field is Sable, a Chevron between three 
Children's Heads couped Argent, crined Or, enwrapped about 
the Neck with Snakes proper (depicted in outline). 

WYNDHAM ; These Quarterings are the chief of twelve, 
borne by Edmund Wyndham, of Wiltshire, Esq. ; and are thus 
blazoned, ist Azure, a Chevron between 3 Lions' Heads eraz'd 
Or. 2d. Azure, a Bend Or, a crescent for difference. 3d. 
Argent, a saltire engrail'd Gules. 4th Argent, three Rams 
tripping Sable. The said Edmund Wyndham (now residing 
at Humington, in the above county) was Escuyer to his Majesty 
Charles II, eldest son of Thomas Wyndham, Groom of his 
said Majesty's Bed-chamber ; Grandson and Heir to Sir Ed- 
mund Wyndham of Cathanger, in Somersetshire, Knight- 
Marshall of the same King's Most Honourable Household, 
and lineally descended from Richard de Wymondham, of 
Crown-Thorp, in the county of Norfolk, who was witness to 
the Foundation Charter of the Priory of Wymondham there, 
Anno 1139, the 5th of K. Stephen. 

YERWORTH ; The Field is Argent, three Bucks' Heads 
cabosh'd Sable (not depicted). 

(Amongst other families whose names have a Wiltshire 
sound are Bromwich, Delahay, Lavington, Long, Pyrton, and 
Whatley [of Frome].) 



474 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Consecration of a Chapel at Chute, 1674. Whilst turn- 
ing over the leaves of one of Mr. Higham's old catalogues of 
theological books, I came upon the following entry : 

" Kelsey, Joseph (of NewtonTony, Wilts). A Sermon preached at 
the Consecration of a Chapel in the House of John Collins, of Chute, 
Wilts. 410, half calf, 2/6. 1674." 

The consecration of a chapel in a private house, especially 
in the house of a commoner, is unusual, at least as far as my 
knowledge goes ; and I should be glad if some of your readers 
could give me further information about the chapel in question. 

Does it still exist ? 

R. B. P. 



Village and Wayside Grosses. Is there any printed list 
of those in England, or in Wiltshire ? I notice that these 
interesting memorials of the past seem to be more numerous 
in the neighbourhood round Swindon than in other parts of 
Wilts e.g., I think there are four at Ashton Keynes, the 
Church of which is dedicated to Holy Cross, and two at 

Cricklade. 

A. J. S. 



Trowbridge Grammar School (vol. iii, p. 363). Can any 
of your readers tell me anything about this school? When 
was it founded ? When did it come to an end ? And where- 
abouts in the Town was it ? 

H. D. 



Quaker Pardons. In 1671, Charles II was pleased to 
grant a " pardon", or release, under the great seal, to nearly 
500 Quakers imprisoned in various parts of the country. 



An Ancient Indulgence Inscription. 475 

George Whitehead, a London Quaker, says in his journal in 
reference to this : <( There are a few names of other Dissenters, 
who were prisoners in Bedfordshire, Kent, and Wiltshire (as I 
remember), in the same Catalogue and Instrument with our 
Friends, and released thereby." The Charter of Release, 
which is preserved among the archives of the Society of Friends 
at Bishopsgate, London, contains the notable name of John 
Bunyan, who was released thereby from Bedford Jail. The 
following refers to Wiltshire : " Waltero Penn, loanni Miller, 
lohanni Kingham, Roberto Button, lohanni Leonard, Edwardo 
Gye, lohanni Smith, loannae Gaine, lanae Selfe, Isaaco Selfe, 
Henrico Long, Jacobo Eve, and Edwardo Marshall, Prisoniariis 
in Communi Gaola pro Comitatu nostro Wilts." It would be 
interesting to know who of these were not Quakers, and for 
what reasons they had been imprisoned. The Friends' 
Registers contain the names of Button (of Calne), Leonard, 
Gye, and Smith (of Lavington), and the Selfes are known. I 
do not remember coming across the names of Miller, Kingham, 
Eve, or Marshall. The non-Quakers released in the three 
counties named were Baptists, Presbyterians, and Independents. 

N. P. 



An Ancient Indulgence Inscription. On a stone let into 
the right hand external side of the porch of Semington Chapel 
is the following inscription in old Norman-French in capital 
letters: " Ky pater noster: e: Ave Maria: pur le alme pur 
feleppur de Sale est et (?) crestiens dirra: quarante : jurs: de 
pardun avera : amen." (Whoever shall say a Pater Noster 
and an Ave Maria for the souls, for Philippa de Salcest (?), and 
Christians shall have 40 days of pardon.) Are there any 
more of these ancient Indulgences in our county ? What is 
known of this family ? H. D. 

[In Aubrey and Jackson, p. 354, under Steeple- Ashton, mention is 
made of a family of the name De Salceto from s'ich an Indulgence on 
behalf of a private person, we may perhaps infer that Philippa either 
built, or was a benefactor to, this chapel. ED.] 



476 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Replied. 

The Warminster Amicable Society (vol. ii, p. 532). 
Perhaps Scriba will find that it was a local branch of some 
Benefit Society ; I find in Burke's General Armory that an 
Amicable Society was incorporated by Royal Charter of 
Queen Anne in 1 706, with the following arms : Azure, encircled 
by a snake or two hands conjoined in fess couped above the 
wrist proper, on a chief embattled of the second an hour-glass 
sable between two wings expanded of the field. Crest A snake 
nowed the head debruiscd towards the sinister thereon a dove 
proper beaked and legged gules, from the beak an escroll in- 
scribed Prudens simplicitas. Motto Esto Perpetua. 

H. D. 



Colonel Thomas Wanklyn (vol. iii, p. 44). A. J. S. may 
find some clue to further information from the following, which 
is taken from Colonel Chester's London Marriage Licences, 
edited by Joseph Foster : " Thomas Wanklin, of Haywood, 
Wilts, Esq., widower, about 40, and Mrs. Frances Brandsby, of 
Bristowe Town, co. Somerset, widow, about 34, at St. Mary, 
Savoy, Micldx. 8 July, 1671." By this he seems to have 
married about a year after the death of his former wife, the 
Countess of Marlborough. H. D. 



Are there two Ellandunes? (vol. iii, p. 328.) When the 
account of Ellandune was written we were (or I was) not aware 
of a passage in Sir R. C. Hoare's Registrum Wiltunense,\n 
which he traces the source of Leland's confusion about two 
places of this name to a certain Henry Crumpe (temp. Richard 
II). This confusion has been handed on by many authors, and 
it is important to record Sir R. C. Hoare's opinion that Wilton 
had nothing to do with Ellandune, and that Ellandune of the 
Charters is Ellingdon alias Wroughton. T. S. M. 

[See Review of Rev. E. Conybeare's Alfred in the Chroniclers 

in the last number of W. N. & Q.~\ 



Notes on Books. 477 



COMPLETE PEERAGE OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, IRELAND, 
GREAT BRITAIN, AND THE UNITED KINGDOM, EXTANT, 
EXTINCT, OR DORMANT ; alphabetically arranged, and 
edited by G. E. C. Eight volumes. London : George 
Bell & Sons, York Street, Covent Garden ; William 
Pollard & Co., North Street, Exeter, 1887-1898. 

The first two volumes of this monumental work some 
writers have called it the " Wonderful Peerage "were issued 
as a Supplement to the Genealogist, but this method of pro- 
duction proving too slow, the remaining six were printed by 
subscription, which, though much larger than that (at present) 
of the Complete Baronetage by the same learned writer, is not 
such as a work of so laborious and valuable a character de- 
serves. Our readers may gather some idea of the magnitude 
of this Peerage when we say the eight volumes consist of 
3,619 pages ; they are illustrated generously throughout, with 
notes and articles from all sources, both ancient and modern, 
Burnet and Swift being largely drawn upon. 

This Peerage differs from ordinary works of a similar sort 
the plan adopted being almost the same as that of Nicholas' 
Synopsis of the Peerage of England inasmuch as no collateral 
relations are given, confining itself to the actual owners of the 
Dignities and their immediate heirs, and no Arms are to be 
found. 

There is a list of Lords Lieutenant dismissed by James II 
in 1687 for not supporting his policy, amongst whom we find 
the Earl of Pembroke and the Duke of Somerset ; another, of 
those stated to be in arms with the Prince of Orange in 1688, 
amongst whom were Henry, Earl of Clarendon, and his son 
Lord Cornbury : " the former ejaculated, after a highly pathetic 
outbreak of rage and sorrow at his son's desertion of the 
King's cause, 'O God, that a son of mine should be a' rebel' ; 



478 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

a fortnight later he made up his mind to be a rebel himself !" 
Charles, 6th Duke of Somerset ; " Squire Trenchard (? William 
Trenchard 1 of Cutteridge, in North Bradley, who married Ellen, 
daughter of Sir G. Norton, of Abbotsleigh, Somerset, and died 
1713, aged 78;)" and Charles Pawlet, styled Earl of Wiltshire, 
afterwards Duke of Bolton ; another list of those peers, viz., 
22, who were created by James II (7 of which when he was de 
facto King of Ireland), with 49 by his son (James III), whilst 
in exile; the latter's son (Charles III) is not known to have 
created any, unless the title of Countess of Albany given to 
his daughter was one she was legitimated by the French 
parliament, to which perhaps her title also was due; neither is 
the latter's brother, created by his father, Duke of York (Henry 
IX, the "Cardinal King", who died 1807), credited with any, 
though he did strike a medal commemorating his accession to 
those realms Dei gratia, non voluntate hominum which he 
was never destined to occupy ; here one Wiltshireman occurs, 
viz., Henry St. John, Earl of Bolingbroke ; in another list, of 
those who own 100,000 acres or more, we find the name of the 
Marquess of Lansdowne. 

The last volume is largely made up of Corrigenda, and 
matters brought up to date. 

It is impossible for us in these pages to give any adequate 
review of this great and learned work ; we propose, as in our 
notice of the Complete Baronetage, to append short notices of 
some of the titles held by Wiltshiremen. 

AILESBURY Robert Bruce, Earl, 1663-4; a learned person well versed in 
English history and antiquities ; Marquess 1821 ; Earl of 
Cardigan, and Bruce 1821, Viscount Savernake 1821, Baron 
Brudenell, and Bruce ; Residence, Savernake Forest. 

ALBANY H.R.H. Leopold, youngest son of Victoria (whom God assoil), 
and brother of the present King (whom God defend). 
Duke, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow, 1881, ob. 1884; 
Residence, Boyton Manor. 

AMESBURY See QUEENSBERRY. 

1 Marriage Licence, 4 May 1668, she, a spinster and aged 19, with her 
mother's consent ; he, described as of Cutteridge ; at Abbots Leigh or in 
City of Bristol. 



Notes on Books. 479 



AMESBURY Charles Dundas of Barton Court, Berks., Baron Amesbury 
of Kintbury, Amesbury, and Barton Court, 1832, ext. in 
same year ; this is probably not a Wiltshire title, Kintbury 
Amesbury being a part of the former place belonging to 
the Priory of Amesbury. 

ANDOVER See SUFFOLK. 

ARUNDELL OF WARDOUR Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle, created 
14 Dec. 1595 (by patent dated at Prague, which is duly 
recorded in the College of Arms), Count of the Holy 
Roman Empire, for gallantly taking a standard trom the 
enemy at Gran, in Hungary, whilst serving in the Imperial 
Army of Germany against the Turks; Baron, 1605; in 
'739i by marrying Mary, heir of Richard Arundell-Beling, 
of Lanherne, Cornwall, Henry, 7th Baron, united these 
two branches of the family, which had been separated for 
two centuries ; Residence, Wardour Castle. 

BASING See ST. JOHN. 

BATH See WEYMOUTH. 

BATTERSEA See ST. JOHN. 

BEAUCHAMP DE ST. AMAND. See ST. AMAND. 

BEAUCHAMP OF BLETSOE Roger Beauchamp of Bletsoe, Bedford, and 
of Lydiard Tregoz, said by Dugdale to have been a 
grandson of Walter Beauchamp of Alcester ; he married 
istly before 1348 (in which year the manor of Lydiard was 
confirmed to him and his wite) Sybil, eldest sister and 
coheir of Sir William de Patshull, dau. of John de Patshull 
of Bletsoe, by Mabel, dau. of William Grandison of 
Lydiard; Baron by writ, 1363; Captain of Calais 1354-72; 
in abeyance since 1412. 

BEAUCHAMP OF HACHE See SOMERSET. 
BEAUFORT See WORCESTER. 
BERKSHIRE See SUFFOLK. 

BOLINGBROKE Oliver St. John, a descendant of Beauchamp of Bletsoe, 
Baron St. John of Bletsoe; Earl, 1624; ext. 1711. 

BOLINGBROKE Henry St. John, the Statesman, descended from Beau- 
champ of Bletsoe, through the same ancestor as the above 
named Oliver, viz., Oliver St. John, who died in 1437; 
Baron St. John of Lydiard Tregoz and Viscount Boling- 
broke 1712; Secretary of State to the son of James II, 
who created him Earl of Bolingbroke 1715 ; attainted in 
1715, restored in blood 1725; Residence, Lydiard Park. 

BOLTON See WILTSHIRE. 

BROOKE- -See WJLLOUGHBY DE BROOKE, 



480 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

^ROUGHTON OF BROUGHTON-DE-GvPFORD John Cam Hobhouse ; 
Baron, 1851 ; ext. 1869; a friend of Byron, who dedicated 
to him the 4th Canto of Childe Harold, and who in his 
Lines to Mr. Hodgson writes : 

" Hobhouse muttering fearful curses, 

As the hatchway down he rolls, 
Now his breakfast, now his verses, 

Vomits forth and d s our souls." 

He rented for many years Erlestoke Park. 

CALNE AND CALSTON See LANSDOWNE. 
CHARLTON See SUFFOLK. 
CHURCHILL See MARLBOROUGH. 

CHURCHILL OF WHICHWOOD Francis Almeric Spencer, 2nd son of 
George, Duke of Marlborough ; Baron, 1815; Residence, 
West Lavington House. 

CLARENDON Edward Hyde, Baron Hyde of Hindon 1660, 3rd son of 
Henry Hyde, of Purton and Dinton, by Mary, dau. and co- 
heir of Edward Langford, a rich clothier of Trowbridge 
(See their marriage W. N. & Q., vol. iii, p. 427), and 
nephew of Sir Nicholas Hyde, Chief-justice; Lord Chan- 
cellor; Viscount Cornbury and Earl of Clarendon 1661 ; 
his dau. Anne, who married the Duke of York, afterwards 
James II, is said to have been born in the house which is 
now occupied by the Trowbridge Conservative Club ; he 
died at Rouen, and was buried in Westminster Abbey 
1675. Foss, in his Judges, says: Will ever be regarded 
with admiration and reverence for his devoted adherence 
to Charles I during his misfortunes, and to Charles II for 
nearly 20 years after the almost iiniversal verdict, after 
two centuries of investigation an unreserved acknow- 
ledgment of his loyalty, his wisdom, and his integrity. 
Horace Walpole most happily writes, in his double capacity 
of Statesman and Historian, he acted for liberty, but 
wrote for prerogative ; all the honours became extinct 
1753- 

CONWAY See HERTFORD. 

CORSHAM See METHUEN. 

(To be continued.) 

1 It is said that Lord Broughton deposited in the British Museum a 
sealed packet containing MSS. relating to Byron, with instructions that it 
was not to be opened until 1900 ; if this is a fact, has the packet been, 
examined ? 




BENJ. GODDARD. 
1766-1861. 



Etltst)ire JBtotes an* 

SEPTEMBER, 1901. 



GODDARD OF ENGLESHAM A NEW ENGLAND 
BRANCH. 



I. WILLIAM GODDARD, citizen and grocer of London, 
7th son of (2) Edward Goddard, of Englesham, co. Wilts, by 
Priscilla, dau. of John D'Oyley, Esq., of Chiselhampton, co. 
Oxon. He was b. at Englesham, and bapt. there 28 Feb. 
1627. Mar.- - Elizabeth, dau. of Benjamin Miles, of London 
(whose wid. afterwards mar. Foote, Esq., of Crosby Square, 
London). He emigrated to America in 1665, his wife and 
three surviving sons following the next year. He settled in 
Watertown, Mass., where he was admitted f.c. 1 8 Jan. 1687-8, 
freeman Dec. 1677. He d. 6 Oct. 1691. Ad'mon granted in 
the Cambridge, Mass., Reg y . of Probate to wid. and two eld. 
sons; Inventory attached. His wid. d. 8 Feb. 1697-8. 



"Mar. 27 1680. These are to certify that Mr. William Goddard, of 
Watertown, whome the said towne by covenanting engaged to teach 
such children as should be sent to him to learn the rules of the Latine 
tongue, hath those accomplishments, which render him capable to dis- 
charge the trust (in that respect) committed to him. 

"(Signed) JOHN SHERMAN, pastor." Co. Court File. 



Full communion. 



2 See Visitn. co. Wilts. 



K K 



482 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

In the Mid. Prob. Office is an agreement, dated 19 Oct. 1694, between 
Elizabeth, his wid., and his sons, William, Joseph, Robert, Benjamin, 
and Edward. 



From the will of Robert Foote, of Crosby Square, dated 6 Apr. 1714 
(son of - - Miles by her 2nd husband, Foote). " Item I give, devise 
and bequeath unto ye sons of my sister Elizabeth Goddard, in New 
England, deceased, the sum of 2,000, equally to be divided amongst 
such of them as shall be living at the time of my decease." (P.C.C. 115 
Aston.) 



They had issue 

1. William Goddard, b. in London, - - 1653; mar. 10 Dec. 

1685, Leah Fisher of Sherbourne, where he settled, and 
was admitted an inhabitant in 1679. He d. 6 Feb. 1708, 
and his wid. d. 10 Sept. 1720. Children 

1. Elizabeth, hh 23 Aug. 1687 ; mar. 5 Feb. 1708, Anthony 

Hancock, of Wrentham. 

2. William, b. 1689; d. 1703. 

3. Sarah, b. 1693. 

4. Abagail, b. 2 Dec. 1697 ; mar. 14 May 1716, Samuel 

Williams. 

2. Joseph Goddard of Brookline, Mass., of whom afterwards. 

3. Robert Goddard, b. in London, and bapt. at St. Botolph's, 

Bishopsgate, 6 Feb. 1662, a weaver of Watertown; 
mar. 23 Feb. 1713-14, Elizabeth Shalluck. He d. Nov. 
1716, leaving a dau. Elizabeth, b. 5 Nov. 1714. His wid. 
mar. 2nd, Ephraim Auger, who d. 19 Oct. 1724, and 3rd, 
26 Apr. 1726, John Holland, of Marlboro, Mass. 

4. Thomas Goddard, b. in Watertown, 8 June; d. 9 July 

1667. 

5. Benjamin Goddard, of Charlestown, Mass., b. 7 Aug. 1668; 

adm. f.c. in Watertown 31 July 1687 ; mar. - - Martha 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 483 

Palfrey, b. 1670; d. 27 Nov. 1737. He d. in Charlestown, 
24 Oct. 1748, aet. 80, leaving 4 sons and a dau. His will 
dated 7 Feb. 1738-9. 

M.I. IN CAMBRIDGE, MASS. 

Here lyes ye Body of Here lyes ye Body of 

Mr. BENJAMIN GODDARD, Mrs. MARTHA GODDARD, 

Who departed this life Wife to Mr. Benjamin Goddard, 

Oct. 24, 1748, Who died Nov. 26, 1737, 

in ye 8ist year of his age. Aged 67 years. 

6. Elizabeth, b. 22 Jan. ; d. young. 

7. Josiah Goddard, b. at Watertown, circa 1672 ; adm. f.c. 

15 Oct. 1699; mar. 28 Jan. 1695-6, Rachael Davis, of 
Roxbury, who d. 23 Apr. 1740. He d. in Watertown 14 
Nov. 1720, leaving 5 sons and 4 daus. 

8. Hon ble Edward Goddard, of Framlingham, Mass., b. at 

Watertown 25 Mar. 1675 ; adm. f.c. 27 Apr. 1701 ; mar. 
June 1697, Susanna Stone, sister of the Hon. Mrs. Stone, 
of Newton. He resided in Watertown ; a schoolmaster 
from 12 Apr. 1697 until about 1707, when he went to 
Boston, where he was a teacher. He moved to Framling- 
ham 25 Mar. 1714, where he taught in a Grammar School 
for several years, and where he received numerous civil, 
military, and ecclesiastical appointments. He had 8 sons 
and 3 daus., and d. 9 Feb. 1754. For his character and 
services see Barry, p. 261, and the Goddard Genealogy (by 
W. Austin Goddard, Wore., Mass., 1833), pp. 9 and 64, 
et seq. 

M.I. IN FRAMLINGHAM, MASS. 

Here lies Buried the Body Here lies Buried the Body of 

of of 

THE HON'BLE EDWARD GODDARD, MADAM SUSANNA GODDARD, 

ESQ., Consort of ye Hon. Edward 

Who exchanged this Life for Goddard, Esq., 

that of the Blessed, Who Departed this life Feb. ye 4, 

Feby ye gth, A.D. 1754, A.D. 1754, 

Aged 78 years, 10 ms., & 4 days. Aged 78 years and 2 months. 

K K 2 



484 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

II. JOSEPH GODDARD, of Brookline, b. in London - 
1655; mar. in Watertown, 25 Mar. 1680, Deborah Treadway, 
and settled in Brookline on a farm which he purchased of 
Dorman Marean, the first white settler who owned it. He 
died there 25 July 1728, aged 73. 

Abstract of will of Joseph Goddard, of Brookline, in co. of Suffolk, 
within H.M. Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England, cord- 
wainer, dated 25 Dec. 1724. Engagement to Mary 1 my wife, given in 
writing before mar., to be paid her in lieu of Dower or 3rds of my estate, 
also a cow. To 2 daus., Elizabeth Adams and Deborah Child, each a 
cow. To son, John Goddard, y> of Bills of Publick Credit in con- 
sideration of his not having a trade. Whereas all my other sons have 
had trades and my son John continued with me and has been a help to 
me in my advanced age, he to have all my housing, lands, marsh, and 
meadow in Brookline, which I value at ^5co, to him and his heirs for 
ever. He to pay to other children their shares of sd. ^500 after debts 
and funeral expenses are paid, he to have one year's time alter my dec. 
clear of interest, and two years more paying interest. The remaining 
value of sd. housing and lands and all other estate to be divided into 7 
equal parts and distributed as follows, vizt. : -To 3 surviving sons, James, 
Robert, and John Goddard, and 2 daus., Elizabeth Adams and Deborah 
Child, i/7th part each. To the wid. and children of eldest son, Joseph 
Goddard, deed., 2/7th equally divided between them, wid.'s part one 
year after my dec., 3 eldest children 5 years after my dec., and 3 youngest 
children at 25 years of age. To each grand-child a Bible. Two daus. to 
have all my household goods in part of their sd. shares. 

Executors : Bro. Benjamin Goddard, and son John Goddard. 

Overseers: Bro. Benjamin Goddard, and kinsman Mr. Josiah Jones, 
of Westtown. 

Witnesses : William Davis, Joshua Child, Isaac Child. 

Proved in Reg. of Probate, Suffolk, ss. 19 Aug. 1728. 



M.I. IN BROOKLINE. 

Here lies Buried ye Body of 

Mr. JOSEPH GODDARD, 

W T ho died July ye 25, 1728, 

In ye 73rd year of his age. 

They had issue 
i. Elizabeth, b. in Watertown 8 Jan. 1680; mar. 27 June 1706, 

1 He probably married a second time. 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 485 

Deacon John Adams of Framlingham, and had many 
descendants. (Barry, p. 116.) 

2. Joseph Goddard, b. in Watertown 7 Nov. 1682 ; mar. , 

and had 3 sons, 2 of whom d. young, the other settled in 
New London, Conn., and i dau., who mar. Coburn. 

3. James Goddard, b. ; mar. Mary Woodward, who 

d. 30 June 1765. He d. 1734. 

4. Robert Goddard, b. at Watertown 1694, settled in Sutton, 

now Millbury ; mar. (ist) Mehitable Spring, who d. 18 Nov. 
1760, and (2nd) Widow Child. He was J.P. from 1751-75, 
and d. at Sutton 8 May 1785, aged 91. 

M.I. IN MILLBURY, MASS. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of Here lies Interred the Remains 

Mrs. MEHITABLE, ot 

Wife of Robert Goddard, Esq., ROBERT GODDARD, Esq., 

Who Died Nov. 18, 1760, Who Departed this Life May 8, 1785, 

Aged 62 yrs., 5 m., and 6 days. Aetatis 91. 

5. John Goddard of Brookline, of whom afterwards. 

6. Deborah, b. ; mar. Child. 

III. JOHN GODDARD, of Brookline, yeoman, b. 
1699. Inherited the homestead of his father; mar. (ist) Lucy 
5th dau. of John and Sarah Seaver, b. 24 Nov. 1703, d. s.p. ; 
and he mar. (2nd) Widow Hannah (Jennison) Stone, b. 1702, 
d. 4 Dec. 1777. (She was a granddau. of Samuel and Hannah 
(Manning) Stearns.) In 1745 he moved to Worcester, leaving 
his son John on the homestead, and d there 26 June 1785, 
aged 86. He had 3 sons, John (of whom afterwards), Samuel, 
and Joseph Goddard, and a dau. Hannah. 

Abstract of Will of John Goddard, of Worcester, co. Worcester, 
in H.M. Province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England, yeoman. 
Will dated, 12 Mar. 1759. To wife Hannah Goddard all indoor moveables 
which are to be divided at her dec. among my children, viz., John and 
Samuell Goddard and dau. Hannah Hawood. Wife to have half of my 
dwelling house in Worcester and half the cellar under it, and to have 
her choice which part she will have. Son Samuell to find her in firewood 



4-36 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

enough to maintain one fire winter and summer, and cut same fit for the 
fire and to pay her "j per ann. for provisions. Son John to pay her a 
like amount; and if what I have given my wife be not sufficient for her 
comfortable support then 2 sons to make such addition in equal propor- 
tions as shall be necessary. To son John Goddard and his heirs for 
ever all my housing and lands lying in Brookline, co. Suffolk, which 
together with what I have given him by deed (viz.), one half of my 
lands in Brookline, is his full share, he to pay to dau. Hannah Hawood 
80 within i year after my dec. To son Samuel Goddard and his heirs 
for ever all my lands and buildings in Worcester and in the county goare 
adjoining, except 40 acres lying in sd. goare on W. side of road leading 
from Sutton to Worcester, 30 ac. of it being land I bought of James Hull, 
and 10 ac. more lying on the N. side thereof, and on W. side of sd. road 
bounding Easterly on sd. road, and N. on my own land, and W. on ye 
heirs of Ephraim Curtice, which I gave to dau. Hannah Hawood. My 
outdoor moveables and quick stock, &c., to be divided equally between 
2 sons. 

Executors : Sons John and Samuell Goddard. 

Overseers : Son-in-law, Jonathan Stone, of Worcester, and Nephew 
Elisha Goddard, of Sutton 

Witnesses: James Greenwood, David Barton, Robert Goddard. 

Proved in Prob. Ct. Worcs. Mass. 6 Sept. 1785. 

M.I. IN WORCESTER, MASS. 

Here lies buried the body Here lies buried the body 

of of 

HANNAH GODDARD, MR. JOHN GODDARD, 

Wife of John Goddard, Who died June 26 1785, 

Who died Dec. ye loth, 1777, In the 87th year of his age. 

In ye 76th year of her age. 

IV. JOHN GODDARD, of Brookline, eldest son, suc- 
ceeded his father; b. 28 May 1730; mar. (tst) 28 June 1753, 
Sarah Brewer, who d. 26 Jan. 1755; mar. (2nd) Hannah 5th 
dau. of Nathaniel and Hannah Seaver, b. 16 July 1735; d. 31 
May 1821, set. 86. He was Commissary-General for the 
American Army during the war with England, and during the 
siege of Boston " was in command of 300 teams which worked 
in darkness and by stealth in constructing the fortifications on 
Dorchester Heights, now South Boston." When the Federal 
Government was established he was chosen as a Representa- 
tive for Brookline in the State Legislature from 1785-88 and 
1790-92. He d. 13 Ap. 1816, aged 86. 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 487 



Abstract of Will of John Goddard, of Brookline, in the co. of Norfolk 
(sic), and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, yeoman. Will dated, 22 Jan. 
1813. To wife Hannah the use of half of my dwelling house during widow- 
hood and loodols. per ann. for life. To grand-dau. Sarah Gould 300 dols. 
to be paid her at my dec. and 60 dols. per ann. for life. To her children 
800 dols. equally divided between them at 21. To grandson Samuel B. 
(Brewer) Goddard 1500 dols. from which to be deducted 600 dols. paid 
him 5 June 1812, and 500 dols. paid him 4 Nov. 1812, the balance to be 
paid him 100 dols. per ann., with interest till whole is paid. Grand-dau. 
Joanna Goddard 100 dols. at my dec., and loodols. per ann. for life. To 
grandson John Thomas Goddard, son of son Jonathan Goddard, deed., 
2,000 dols. at 21, with interest at 6 per cent, from my dec. To kinsman 
Joseph Goddard, son of brother Samuel Goddard, deed., all wearing 
apparel. To daus. of bro. Samuel, viz., Mehitable, Mary, Lucy, and 
Eunice 100 dols., equally divided between them. Residue of estate, 
real and personal, to 5 sons in equal shares, viz., John, Joseph, Benja- 
min, Nathaniel, and William, who are appointed executors. 

Witnesses: Isaac S. Gardner, Ebenr. Heath, William Acken. 

Proved at Boston, 7 May 1816. 



They had issue 

1. Sarah, b. 26 Apr. 1754 ; d. 26 June 1780. 

2. Hon. John Goddard, of Portsmouth, N. H., b. 12 Nov. 1756 ; 

grad. Harv. Coll. 1777; studied medicine with Dr. A. R. 
Cutter of Portsmouth, but never practised it. After 
experiencing much hardship in the service of his country, 
being twice captured by the English and twice escaping, 
once by creeping through a port-hole and swimming to 
another vessel, he was for many years Representative and 
Senator for New Hampshire ; he was also President of 
the New Hampshire Union Bank at Portsmouth. He was 
also nominated Senator to Congress, and as Governor to 
New Hampshire, but publicly declined both offices. He 
mar. (ist) 5 June 1783 Susannah, b. 27 Oct. 1758, d. 7 
July 1787, dau. of John Heath of Brookline; mar. (2nd) 
5 June 1788, Jane, b. 25 Sept. 1763, and d. in child-bed n 
Oct. 1790, eld. dau. of John (? George) Boyd, of Ports- 
mouth, N. H. ; mar. (3rd) 14 Dec. 1791, Mary, b. 14 July 
1760, d. 14 June 1808, dau. of Rev. Samuel Langdon, D.D., 
of Portsmouth, N. H., once Pres. of Harvard Coll. ; mar. 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



(4th) Jan. 1811, Ann White, b. 15 Sept. 1768, d. Sept. 
1832. He d. 18 Dec. 1829, aged 73. He had 14 children. 

3. Samuel Goddard, b. 28 Feb. 1758; mar. - - 1781, Johanna 

Brewer, b. 15 Jan. 1765; d. 1810. He d 25 Aug. 1786. 
They had 3 children. 

4. Hannah, b. 30 Oct. 1759; d. 16 Sept. 1786. 

5. Joseph Goddard, of whom afterwards. 

6. Benjamin Goddard, b. 20 Jan. 1763; d. 28 June 1764. 

7. Lucy, b. 15 Feb. 1764; d. n Feb. 1777. 

8. Benjamin Goddard, b. 20 Mar. 1766. A merchant in Boston, 

where he owned a wharf where now stands the Asylum 
for Female Orphans. Here he carried on business first 
in partnership with his brother Nathaniel, and later with 
William Crehore. In 1809 he retired from the business 
and built a handsome house at Brookline, where he 
resided. Mar. (ist) 15 Dec. 1793, Louisa, b. 14 Dec. 1773, 
d. s.p. 18 Jan. 1832, dau. of Samuel May (see Descendants 
of John May, Boston 1878); mar. (2nd) 15 Jan. 1835, 
Catherine Brown, of Boston, who d. s.p. He d. 26 Oct. 
1 86 1, aged 95. 

9. Nathaniel Goddard, b. 5 June 1767, a merchant of Boston ; 

mar. 2 May 1797, Lucretia, b. 9 Oct. 1773, dau. of Amariah 
and Dorothy Dana, of Amherst, Mass. He d. in Boston, 
6 Aug. 1853, aged 86. He had n children. 



His eldest son, Frederick Warren Goddard, b. 25 
Oct. 1800, was drowned in Lake Zurich, Switzerland, 
22 Aug. 1820. This sad event was commemorated in 
some elegiac stanzas by the poet Wordsworth, who had 
been a fellow traveller of his for a couple of days pre- 
viously. A handsome monument was erected in the 
Church of Kusnacht by a Swiss gentleman (Mr. Keller) 
on whose estate the body was cast ashore. 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 489 

10. Jonathan Goddard, b. 26 Oct. ; d. 13 Nov. 1768. 

11. Jonathan Goddard, b. 22 Nov. 1769; mar. 27 Oct. 1803, 

Charlotte Martin, b. 25 Nov. 1779. 2 children. 

12. Abija Goddard, b. 25 Aug. ; d. 5 Apr. 1772. 

13. Abija Goddard, b. 17 Apr. 1774; d. 29 Oct. 1794. 

14. Warren Goddard, b. 25 Mar. 1776 ; d. 25 Dec. 1792. 

15. Lucy, b. 30 Aug. 1778 ; d. 8 Dec. 1792. 

1 6. William Goddard, a merchant of Boston, b. 12 Jan. 1781 ; 

mar. (ist) 26 Dec. 1805, Mary Storer, b. 27 June 1785, d. 
24 Nov. 1806. Mar. (2nd) 18 June 1811, Mary, b. 22 Aug. 
1788, dau. of Dr. Thatcher Goddard. 

V. JOSEPH GODDARD, J.P., of Brookline, succeeded 
his father, b. 15 Apr. 1761 ; mar. (ist) 29 Oct. 1785 Mary, b. 
31 Mar. 1764, dau. of Samuel and Sybil Aspinwall, of Brook- 
line, and niece of the Hon. William Aspinwall, M.D., whose 
son, Col. Thomas Aspinwall, was for 30 years American Consul 
in London. She d. 5 Feb. 1825. Mar. (2nd) 18 Feb. 1830, 

Lucy Snelling. He was J.P. for Brookline 181 1-24, and d. 

Dec. 1846, aged 85. 

Abstract of will of Joseph Goddard, of Brookline, co. Norf. (sic), and 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, gentleman. Will dated 3 Dec. 1846. 
To son Abijah Warren Goddard and his heirs my Mansion House and 
the land belonging to it, on condition that he pay 2,000 dols. 6 months 
after my dec., and interest after that time to my exors. towards payment 
of legacies hereatter given ; it he decline, estate to be sold for most it will 
bring. Notice being first given in 2 of Boston Newspapers 3 weeks in 
succession prior to the sale. To son-in-law, Mr. Lewis Withington of 
New York, all wearing apparel. To exors. 1500 dols. to be invested to 
pay to dau. Lucy Withington the income for life, at her dec. the prin- 
cipal to her children or heirs. 1,500 dols. to be similarly invested for 
dau. Susannah Jones, at her dec. principal to her 2 daus., Louisa Row- 
land and Susannah Jones, in equal shares. 1,500 dols. similarly invested 
for dau. Elizabeth, at her dec. principal to her heirs. To son Joseph 
1,500 dols. To son Samuel A. (Aspinwall) i, 500 dols. To son Abijah W. 
(Warren) 1,000 dols. To dau. Mary May 200. To children of dau. 
Hannah Stearns, deed., viz., George W. (Washington), John G. (God- 
dard), Hannah, Joseph G. and Lucy E. (Elizabeth) 1,500 dols. equally 
divided between them. To sister of wife deed., Sally Alley, and to 



490 'Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

grand-dau. Hannah Stearns 30x3 dols. each. One half of a Tomb Town 
in Brookline burying ground, the other half being owned by my brother 
Benjamin, to be kept for ever as a family tomb for the use of my de- 
scendants in a direct line of ancestry. 

Exors. : son Abijah Warren Goddard, and nephew John J. (Joseph) 
May, of Boston. 

Witnesses : Benjamin Goddard, Sam Goddard, Harriet B. Goddard. 

Proved at Prob. Reg? of Boston, 30 Jan. 1847. 

They had issue 

1. Hannah, b. 8 Sept. 1786; mar. 23 Mar. 1808, Capt. George 

Washington Stearns. She d. 1829. 

2. Mary, b. 15 Dec. 1787; mar. 19 July 1809, Samuel May, of 

Boston, b. 4 Dec. 1776 ; d. 23 Feb. 1870, aged 93. She d. 
17 Mar. 1882, aged 94. They had issue 5 sons and 2 daus. 
(see Descendants of John May). 

3. Joseph Goddard, b. 27 July 1789; mar. (ist) 30 July 1821, 

Clarissa Whitney, b. Mar. 1802, d. 18 June 1823; mar. 
(2nd) 23 Nov. 1825, Elizabeth Marianna Norton, b. 18 Nov. 

1803, d. . He d. . They had issue 3 sons and 

i dau. 

4. John Goddard, b. 17 Feb. 1791 ; d. 21 Sept. 1828. 

5. Lucy, b. 12 Feb. 1793 ; mar. 4 June 1820, Lewis Withington 

of Roxbury, and afterwards of New York. She d. . 

6. Susannah, b. 14 Sept. 1794; mar. 17 Apr. 1822, James Jones, 

who d. 3 Dec. 1826. She d. . 

7. Samuel Aspinwall Goddard, of whom afterwards. 

8. Louisa May, b. 2 Oct. 1798; d. 30 July 1826. 

9. Elizabeth, b. 30 Nov. 1800; mar. - - Charles Goddard. 

She d. s.p. - - 1893, aged 93. 

10. Abijah Warren Goddard, of Brookline, b. 30 Mar. 1803 ; 

mar. (ist) 23 Apr. 1829, Eliza Tilden, whod. 25 Jan. 1841 ; 
mar. (2nd) 4 May 1842, Abagail White Bass, of Boston. 
He d. 13 Aug. ; bur. 15 Aug 1900, in Walnut Hill Ceme- 
tery, Brookline, age 98. He left a son and a dau. 

11. Benjamin Goddard, b. n June 1805; d. i Nov. 1807. 

12. A child by 2nd wife d. in infancy. 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 491 

VI. SAMUEL ASPINWALL GODDARD, of Edg- 
baston, co. Warwick, b. 4th, bapt. gth Oct. 1796, at Brookline, 
Mass. ; came to England in 1817, and was naturalized by Act 
of Parliament ; mar. 14 Sept. 1824, at Holy Trinity, Liverpool, 
Jemima, b. at Soho Street, Liverpool, n Feb. 1800; bapt. at 
Parochial Chapel of St. Nicholas, Liverpool, 23 Apr. 1803; d. 
at Frederick Road, Edgbaston, in her 75th year, 8 Jan. ; bur. 
in family vault, Old Edgbaston Parish Church, 13 Jan. 1875; 
posthumous dau. of Captain James Bachope, of Soho Street, 
Liverpool, by Hannah his wife. He wrote, amongst other 
things, on the Decimal Coinage Question in the Parliamentary 
Blue Book 1857; Letters on the American Rebellion, published 
1870, and Historical Sketches of Brookline, published 1872 ; d. 
at the Cottage, Little Aston, co. Staffs., in his goth year, 24 
July ; bur. in the family vault at Old Edgbaston 29 July 1886. 
M.I. 

M.I. ON ALTAR TOMB IN OLD EDGBASTON CHURCHYARD. 

On North Side. 

In loving memory of Samuel Aspinwall Goddard | Born at Brook- 
line, Massachusetts, U.S.A., Oct. 4 | 1796. Died at Little Aston, 
Staffordshire, July 24, 1886 | And of Jemima, his wife, who died Jan. 8, 
1875, also | of their children : Caroline, died April 17, 1850 | Mary Louisa 
May, died April 16, 1874. Fanny Pratt | wite of the Rev. Francis Aspin- 
wall Goddard | M.A., died July 6, 1875. J una Bachope, died Sept. 30, 
1896. 

On East End. 

Emily Vanwart and Constance Elizabeth died in early | childhood, 
and are | buried in St. Paul's | churchyard, Bir | mingham. 

On West End. 

The Rev. William Henry | Goddard, M.A., Rector of | East Mersea, 
Essex, died \ at East Mersea May 17 | 1884, and is interred there. | The 
Rev. Francis Asp | inwall Goddard, M.A. | Vicar of Caverswall | Stafford- 
shire, died I at St. Heliers, Jersey | Nov. 18, 1888, and is in- terred at St. 
Brelades. 

They had issue 

i. Julia Bachope, authoress, b. at Birmingham, co. Warw., 
12 July 1825 ; d. unmar. at The Cottage, Little Aston, in 
her 72nd year, 30 Sept. ; bur. in fam. vault at Old Edg- 



49 2 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

baston 5 Oct. 1896. M.I. Adm'on with will annexed, 
dated 25 Sept. 1877, an d codicil dated 6 Dec. 1893, was 
granted at Lichfield 9 Feb. 1897, to Fanny Delavan Goddard, 
the sister, one of the next of kin. 

2. Mary Louisa May, b. at Birmingham 28 Oct. 1826; bapt. at 

St. Paul's, Birmingham, 29 Aug. 1827 ; d. unmar. at 
Frederick Road, Edgbaston, in her 48th year, 16 Apr.; 
bur. in fam. vault 21 Apr. 1874. M.I. 

3. Edward Delavan Goddard, of The Cottage, Little Aston, 

b. at Birmingham 13 Apr. ; bapt. at St. Paul's, Birmingham, 
3 Aug. 1828. 

4. Rev. William Henry Goddard, of whom afterwards. 

5. Caroline Elizabeth Gray, bapt. at S. Paul's, Birmingham, 

24 Aug. 1832; d. unmar. 17 Apr.; bur. in fam. vault 23 
Apr. 1850. M.I. 

6. Fanny Delavan, of the Cottage, Little Aston, Staffs. 

7. Emily Vanwart, b. in 1835 > d. aged 2 years i mo., 8 June, 

bur. in St. Paul's Ch'yard, Birmingham, n June 1837. 
M.I. at St. Paul's and at Old Edgbaston. 

8. Constance Elizabeth, b. 24 Oct. 1836; d. aged 2 years, 7 

months, 8 May 1838, bur. with her sister in St. Paul's 
Ch'yard 16 May 1838. M.I. at St. Paul's and Old Edg- 
baston. 

M.I. AT ST. PAUL'S CHURCHYARD, BIRMINGHAM. 

In affectionate remembrance of EMILY, 
Fifth daughter of SAMUEL A. and JEMIMA GODDARD 

(of Edgbaston, near Birmingham), 
Who Died on the 8th June 1837, 

Aged 2 years and i month. 
****** 

Also of CONSTANCE, sixth daughter of the above, 

Who died May 8, 1838, 
Aged 2 years and 7 months, 

9. Rev. Francis Aspinwall Goddard, b. at Birmingham 8 Jan., 

bapt. at St. Paul's 14 Apr. 1841, of St. John's Coll., Oxford ; 
matric. 16 Oct. 1858; B.A. (ist Class Law, &c.), 1861 ; 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 493 



M.A. 1865; Curate of Mistley, co. Essex, 1864-66; Assis- 
tant Master of Dedham Grammar School, co. Essex, 
1866-75 ; Curate of Sutton Coldfield, co. Warwick, 1875-76 ; 
Vicar of Little Aston, co. Staffs., 1877-78 ; Vicar of 
Caverswall, co. Staff., 1878, until his death; mar. (ist) 
Fanny Pratt, dau. of Joseph Skinner Lampen, of St. 
Budeaux, co. Devon, at Haseley Parish Ch., co. Oxon, 
24 Oct. 1867, by the Rev. Francis Goddard, Vicar of 
Hilmarton, co. Wilts. She d. at Sutton Coldfield, and 
was bur. in fam. vault at Edgbaston 12 July 1875. M.I. 

They had issue 

1. Capt. Francis Ambrose D'Oyley Goddard, of 2nd 

Royal Munster Fusiliers, b. at Sutton Coldfield, 
co. Warw., 29 Oct., bapt. there 29 Nov. 1868; edu- 
cated at Repton ; mar. at Rangoon, Burmah, 18 
Nov. 1896, Evelyn Maud, youngest dau. of Col. 
Alfred Le Gallais, of the Bengal Staff Corps. 

2. Rev. Nigel Ernley Goddard, b. at Sutton Coldfield 16 

June, bapt. there 6 July 1870 ; of Jesus Coll., Ox- 
ford; matric. 14 Oct. 1889; 3 r d Class Mods. 1891; 
B.A. (2nd Class in Theology) 1893; M.A. 1900; 
Curate of Rugeley, co. Staffs., 1893-1901 ; Vicar of 
Christ Ch., Stafford, 1901 ; mar. at St. Agnes', 
Toxteth Park, Liverpool, 7 June 1900, Frances 
Georgina Mary, 2nd dau. of Richard Cottu, of 
Kingstown, co. Dublin. 

3. Walter Giffard Goddard, b. at Sutton Coldfield i Mar., 

bapt. there i Apr. 1872 ; d. at St. Helier's, Jersey, 
in his 2oth year, 31 July; bur. at St. Brelade's, 
Jersey, 5 Aug. 1891. M.I. 

4. Dorothy Mary May, b. at Sutton Coldfield 7 Sept., 

bapt. there 28 Sept. 1873. 

5. Millicent Agnes, b. at Sutton Coldfield 12 June, bapt. 

there 24 July 1875. 



494 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

He mar. (2nd) at Sutton Coldfield n Feb. 1879, Francis, 
widow of Rev. James Raven, and. dau. of Edward Adden- 
broke; he d. at St. Helier's, Jersey, in his 48th year, 18 
Nov. ; bur. at St. Brelade's 23 Nov. 1888 ; M.I. at St. 
Brelade's and Old Edgbaston, and a memorial window 
in Caverswall Church. Adm'on granted at Lichfield 14 
Feb. 1889, to Frances Goddard of Caverswall, co. Staff., 
the relict. 

10. Samuel May Goddard, of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., 
b. at Birmingham 16 May 1843; bapt. at St. Paul's, Bir- 
mingham 27 Dec. 1846; mar. in Canada 1871, Isabella 
Octavia, youngest dau. of Arthur Cole Verner, Mayor of 
Sandwick, Essex co., Canada, by Harriet his wife, 3rd 
dau. of William Eayres, of Jersey, and great niece of Sir 
William Verner, ist Bart. 

They had issue 

1. Minetta Elizabeth, b. 2 Aug. 1872. 

2. Edward Arthur Goddard, b. 6 Dec. 1873. 

3. Edgar Eayres Goddard, b. 7 July 1876. 

4. Lillian May, b. 30 Mar. 1878. 

5. Ida Pauline, b. 23 July 1879. 

6. Guy Goddard, b. - 

VII. REV. WILLIAM HENRY GODDARD, b. at Bir- 
mingham 2oth May ; bapt. at St. Paul's, Birmingham, 23 Dec. 
1830 ; educated at King Edward VI Grammar School, Bir- 
mingham, and at Pembroke Coll., Oxford; matric. 16 Nov. 
1848; Hon. 4th Class Litt. Hum. 1851 ; B.A. 1852 ; M.A. 1855 ; 
Ordained Deacon 1878, and Priest 1879, by Bp. of Exeter ; 
Curate of Ashbury with North Lew, co. Devon, 1878-81 ; 
Rector of East Mersea, co. Essex, 1881, until his death; mar. 
at Birmingham 17 Feb. 1858, Harriet, b. at Badby n Mar. 



Goddard of Englesham a New England Branch. 495 

1831, eldest dau. of Joseph Clarke, of Badby, co. Northants, 
by Hannah Mary, his wife, dau. of Samuel Easton. Author of 
Nugce Scholastics, 1858. He d. at the Rectory, East Mersea, 
in his 54th year, iyth May; bur. in the churchyard there 23 
May 1884. M.I. at East Mersea and Old Edgbaston. Adm'on 
was granted at the Principal Registry 28 July 1884, to Hannah 
Goddard, the relict. 

M.I. AT E. MERSEA. 

In Loving Memory of the 
Rev. WILLIAM HENRY GODDARD, M.A., 

Rector of East Mersea, 

Who Died May 17, 1884, 

Aged 53. 

They had issue 

1. Rainald William Knightley Goddard, of Denmark Hill, co. 

Surrey, b. at Birmingham 19 Nov. 1859; bapt. at St. 
Thomas', Birmingham, 22 Jan. 1860; mar. at Emmanuel 
Church, Camberwell, co. Surrey, 5 Apr. 1890, Elizabeth, 
only dau. of Edward John Cornock, of Berkeley, co. 
Glouc., by Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Thomas Harper. 
They have issue one dau., Sara Beatrice Cornock D'Oyley, 
b. at Denmark Hill 12 May; bapt. at St. James', Knatch- 
bull Road, Brixton, co. Surrey, 4 Oct. 1896. 

2. Francis Warren Morrison Goddard, of Salida, Colorado, 

U.S.A., b. at Birmingham 15 Nov. 1862; bapt. at St. 
Thomas', Birmingham, 17 May 1863. 

3. John May Goddard, of Salida, Colorado, b. at Enfield Place, 

Edgbaston, co. Warwick, 22 Nov. 1864; bapt. at St. 
Thomas' i Oct. 1865. 

4. Edward Charlton Lethbridge Goddard, of New York, U.S.A., 

b. at Acock's Green, co. Wore., 18 July 1866, and bapt. at 
Hall Green ; educated at Tamworth Grammar School ; 
mar. at Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A., 27 May 



496 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

1898, Bertha, eldest dau. of Albert F. Hornby, of New 
York. They have issue a dau., Mary Adelaide ; b. at 
Flatbush, Long Island, U.S.A., 13 Jan. 1900. 

5. Rev. Gerald Henry George Goddard, b. at Acock's Green 

9 Oct. 1869 ; educated at St. John's Foundation School, 
Leatherhead, co. Surrey; Denstone Coll., co. Staff., and 
at St. Edmund Hall, Oxford; matric. 20 Jan. 1891 ; B.A. 
21 Feb. 1895 ; Assistant Master at the Liverpool Institute; 
Ordained Deacon 1898, and Priest 1900, by Bp. of Nor- 
wich ; Curate of Redenhall with Harleston, co. Norf., 1898. 

6. Roland Frederick Norton Goddard, of Nelson, New Zealand, 

b. at Acock's Green 25 June 1871 ; bapt. there 18 Aug. 
1872; mar. at Nelson, N. Z., 2 Jan. 1895, Emma, 3rd dau. 
of John Hunt, of Motueka, New Zealand. They have 
issue 

Roland William Henry Goddard, b. at Nelson, N. Z., 

1895. 

Frederick John May Goddard, b. at Nelson 1896. 
Ruby, b. 1899. 

RAINALD WM. KNIGHTLEY GODDARD. 



RECORDS OF WILTSHIRE PARISHES. 

BRATTON. 



(Continued from p. 454.) 

[The following are notes of wills of families connected 
with Bratton, proved in the Probate Court of Canterbury or in 
the peculiar court of Precentor or Chantor of Salisbury.] 

\Chantor 's Court of Salisbury]. 

Inventory of the goods of REYNOLD ADLAM, of Bratton, 
intestate. 24 October 1684. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 497 

s. d. 
Item in the Haell, one tabell Boerd and fower 

Foyr stools, and one Fornepot, one Kitle, one viore 
pane, one paer of tongis, one Skinmore, one fringe- 
pane, one hangellis, one paer of pottokis, 5 putter 
platteris, one flaggen, one putter cup, one paer of 
Billis, fower dishes, fower spoonis, half a duzen of 
Trencharis, one saef . . . . . . . . i 6 o 

Item, in the Buttery, three Barrells, one trendle, 
one Coell, one Rangge . . . . . . 060 

Item, in the Loeft Chambare, towe vloke Bedis, 
and tow Coverlidis, and tow paer of Blanckets, two 
Bollsteris, and tow Bedsteedis . . . . . . 2 10 o 

Item one garden of tornvpis . . . . o 10 o 

Item his waeringe perrell . . . . o 10 o 

Item one hors 200 



^720 

" Henery Balard and Robertt Cooke praisers of this 
goodis." This Inventory was exhibited at Westbury in the 
Registry of the Precentor, 17 August 1685, by Martha Adlam, 
widow of the deceased. 

Bond of Martha Adlam, of Westbury parish, widow, and 
Henry Ballard, of the same, in ^20, for the faithful administra- 
tion of the goods of Reynold Adlam, late of Bratton, her 
husband; dated 17 August 1685. 

[Chanter's Court of Salisbury.] 
The Nuncupative Will of WILLIAM ALDRIDGE, 1698. 
William Aldridge, of Bratton, yeoman, the 22 May 1698, 
gave to his son Jonathan Aldridge ^100; appointed his wife 
his sole executrix of all goods not given ; if either of his 
children die, his or her legacy is to become the survivors'; 
requested his father, William Aldridge, to take care of his 
children. Uttered in the presence of William Aldridge, Anne 
Whitaker, Jane Winseley, and Mary Somerel. 

L L 



Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 



Inventory of his goods taken June i6th, 1698. 

5. d. 

In the halls, a table and four stools . . . . i o o 

One Sideboard, six Cheares, one Cobert . . 015 o 

the fire pan and tongs, Doggs and Andiers . . 015 o 

In the Kitchen, a Pump and Furness . . . . 300 

one Brewing Vate, and three Givers, and three 

tubbs !. .. .. .. ..ioo 

one Bakenrack and two Flitches of Baken . . i 10 o 

one Cheespress, and other Lumber . . . . o 10 o 

In the Cheeselought, tacks and cheese . . . . 200 

In the two buteris, Seven Barrells . . . . i 10 o 

one Silt and one powdering tubb . . . . o 10 o 

three brass potts, one kitle, and two skilets . 200 
Four duzen of pewter dishes and | a duzen 

plattes .. .. .. .. .. iioo 

one pewter Tankard, one salt, and other small 

things .. .. .. .. ..050 

three duzen of glass bottles . . . . 060 

In the best Chamber, on Feather Bed and all 

belonging to him . . . . . . 500 

one Cheast of draers, and one looking Glass . . 200 

one ovill table, and Four Leather Chears . . i o o 
one warming pan, one pair of Brass Doggs, 
Fier-pan and tongs, billos [sic], and one pair 

of Brass Candlesticks .. .. .. i o o 

In the vutter Chamber, two Beds and all belonging 

to them . . . . . . ..500 

one Cheast, one Coaffer and two trunks . . 015 o 

For table linning . . . . . . i o o 

One Sellow, three Harrows, one Ladder and 

one Fan . . . . . . . . . . i i o o 

Four Sacks, one wimsheet .. .. .. o 10 o 

Four Cowes . . . . . . . . . . 14 o o 

Forty sheep . . . . . . . . ..1800 

For two Swine . . . . 200 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 499 



For Hay 
For 1 6 acres of corn on the ground 
In money in House and money shouer [?] 
His wearing Clothes 

The Totall . . 




6 
.. 30 
.. 150 
5 


s. 
o 
o 
o 
o 


d. 

o 
o 
o 
o 


^59 


6 


o 



[Chanter's Court of Salisbury.'] 
November the 2oth, 1708. 

JOHN ALDRIDGE, of Bratton, in the parish of Westbury, 
gardener, leaves his house to Joan Hooper, daughter of 
Richard Hooper, of Skudmoor's Upton, his household goods to 
Margaret Hooper, wife of the said Richard ; to Joan Snelgrove, 
wife of Roger Snelgrove, ios., his stocks of bees between the 
children of Margaret Hooper and Joan Snelgrove. The rest of 
his effects to the above said Richard Hooper, whom he makes 
his executor. Signed, John Aldridge. Witnessed by Jeffery 
Whitaker and Marian Whitaker. 

Inventory of his goods, taken at Bratton, November 21, 
1710, by Jefferey Whitaker and John Whitaker, the value of 
the whole being ^38 8s. 

[P.C.C., 756 Howe.] 

CHARLES ALDRIDGE, of Warminster, Malster, to his four 
daughters Sarah, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Mary, his piece of 
freehold land in Morelyfield, in the parish of Warminster, as 
tenants in common, and not as joint tenants ; in lieu of part of 
the said piece, which his son Charles is to convey to them 
immediately after his death, he bequeaths to Charles Aldridge, 
his heirs and assigns, pasture land at Topps, in Warminster, 
purchased of Mr. Benet ; various sums and goods he leaves to 
the daughters. To his son, Richard Aldridge, The White 
Hart Inn, in Warminster, pasture grounds called Butcher's 
Grounds and 200. To his son, Thomas Aldridge, ,200. 
The rest of his personal estate he leaves to his son Charles, 

whom he makes his executor. Dated gth June 1795. 

LL 2 



500 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

[Admon., February 1762.] 

On 6 February, administration of the goods of MARGARET 
ALDRIDGE, late of Warminster, Wilts, was granted to Charles 
Aldridge, her husband 

[Chanter's Court of Salisbury. ~\ 

JOHN AXFORD, of Bratton, Westbury Hundred, co. Wilts, 
Linen Weaver, leaves to his wife Bridget all his goods and 
chattels, except his leaseholds, and an iron pot, and a chilver 
sheep, and she to have a " a peasible dwelling in the house I 
now lives in till she marry or cheng her name." To his son, 
John Axford, his leasehold called Swets, in Bratton and 
Milborne. To William Axford, one shilling. To Abraham, his 
son, the house he lives in, standing on the ground purchased of 
John Browne. To his daughter, Joan Axford, his shop next 
adjoining his house. To his son Abraham and daughter Joan 
Axford, his garden and orchard adjoining the house in which 
he lives, equally parted between them. To his sons John 
Axford and Abraham Axford, all the rest of his goods, they 
being appointed his executors. Signed 16 July 1695, with his 
mark. He makes Jeffery Whitaker and Nathaniel White the 
overseers to his will. 

Inventory of his goods taken August 12, 1695. 

Imprimus s. d. 

In the Hall, on table board and furme . . . 050 

on cupboard, on setell, 3 Chairs, on fire pan 
and tongs . . . . . . ..070 

Item, on bell-metell pot, on brass pot, on keetle . . 015 o 

Item, on Iren poot, on hanels, 6 puter dishes, 6 puter 
plates, on fring pan, on fladgin, with other 
lumber . . . . . . -. . ..120 

Item, In the chamber, on beed-steed, with the 

beeding . . . . . . i o o 

on chest, on boox .. .. .. .. oioo 

In the butery, 4 barells, two tull', 4 covers, two pails, 

with other lumber . . . . . , i o o 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 50! 

s. d. 

Item, two Akers and 3 yards of corne on the ground 300 
on cow, 3 pidgs . . . . . . ..400 

Item, In the shoop 3 looms with the harness, warp- 
ing barr, with other lumber . . ..400 

Item, his two lesseholds, the one called Swets, the 

other his home . . . . . . 20 o o 

Item, his wering aparill . . . . . . i o o 



By us, Jeffery Whitaker. 
John Pryor. 

[P.C.C. Original Will.} 

ANTHONY BALLARD, of Weyley, co. Wilts, yeoman, 14 
October 1643 > leaves his body to be buried in Weyley parish 
church ; to the poor of the parish, 405., to be paid a month after 
his decease ; to his kinsmen Roger Ballard and George Ballard, 
^20 apiece ; to the Cathedral Church of Sarum, 55. ; the rest 
of his goods and chattels to his wife Bridgett, whom he makes 
his executrix ; to his kinswoman Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 
Tucker, IDS. ; makes William Everley and John Lee, of 
Weyley, the overseers of his will, with ros. a piece for their 
pains ; and leaves to his godchildren 55. each. Signed with 
his mark. Witnesses, John Withers and Josias Doughty. 
[Proved at Oxford, 9 March 1643/4. Bridget Ballard widow, 
the executrix named, being sworn before Alexander Hyrd, 
L.D. and Rector of Weyley, &c.] 

[P.C.C., 48 Pembroke.} 

STEPHEN BALLARD, of Baydon, co. Wilts, husbandman; 
leaves to his son Roger, ^TO, to be received from Edward 
Gillmore, of Ramesbury, being due from him upon a bond, 55. 
more, "my long table-board and frame, and one of my worst 
bedsteads." To his son John Ballard, ^10, and his great 
"seltinge trough." To his daughter Joan, wife of Austin 
Smith, of Totnam Wick, and other daughters Dorothy Ballard, 



502 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

Marie Gifford, and Elizabeth, various sums and chattels. To 
Agnes Smith, Margaret Jurnyman, Alice Nash, widows, 
various small sums. Makes his daughter Elizabeth executrix. 
Dated July 20, A.D. 1648. Proved 30 May 1650. 

[Admon. July 1652.] 

On July 14, administration of the goods of WILLIAM 
BALLARD, of Buttermere, Wilts, granted to John Ballard, his 
son. 

[P.C.C., 206 Bowyer.~\ 

JOHN BALLARD, of Buttermere, Wilts, leaves his body to 
be buried in the churchyard of Buttermere ; to the mother 
church of Sarum, 6d. ; to Buttermere Church, 6d. To his 
daughter Margaret Organ, ios., to be paid within 3 years after 
his decease ; to his daughter Anne Heather, ^40, to be paid 
within 5 years after his decease ; to Ellinor Heather his 
grandchild, ios., to be paid within a year after his decease; to 
Margery Jane and Mary Ballard, children of his son John, 55. 
apiece. The rest of his chattels, &c., to his son John, whom 
he makes sole executor. Undated. Proved at London, July 
22, 1652. 

[P.C.C., 38 Berkley.} 

ROGER BALLARD, of Wish, co. Wilts, husbandman, leaves 
his body to be buried in the churchyard of Wish ; to his 
brother George Ballard, 205. a year and house-room for life ; 
makes his daughter Bridgett Ballard the younger his executor, 
and "my brother, Bridgett Axford, my brother-in-law, and 
William Everly " [sic], his overseers, giving them ios. each. 
Dated 10 January 1643. Proved February 13, 1655. 

[P.C.C., 1 08 Nabbs.} 

EDWARD BALLARD, of Bromham, Wilts, yeoman ; be- 
queathes his body to be buried in the churchyard of Bromham ; 
2os. to 2c poor persons of the parish ; to his grandchild Anne 
Pierce, ^50; to Edward, son of Isacarr Ballard, 205., and his 
great brass pan. To his kinsmen Lance Hobbs and Joseph 
Ballard, his brother John Bayly, and to Isacarr Ballard, ios. 



Records of Wiltshire Parishes. 503 

each. To William Ballard, of the Church gate, and William 
Ballard, servant, to widow Overton, to Joan Fisher, to Elizabeth 
Ballard and Margaret Wyatte, of Rowde, widow, 55. each. 
Other bequests to other friends or servants and godchildren. 
The residue of his goods he leaves to his wife, whom he makes 
his executrix. Dated 22 November 1652. Proved 18 July 
1660. 

[P.C.C., 12 Hyde.\ 

JOHN BALLARD, of New Sarum, gentleman, leaves to his 
son John Ballard the living of Cupernham, in the Parish of 
Romsey, Hants. To his son Henry, ^100, and to his son 
Oliver, ,100. To his daughters Martha and Susan, ,^100 each, 
to be paid at their marriage or at the age of one-and-twenty 
years. To his sisters Dorothy Hunt and Elizabeth Scutt, and 
to his wife's sisters, Mary Space, Susan Oliver, Margaret and 
Dorothy Oliver, IDS. to buy a mourning ring each. To the 
poor of St. Thomas 405. To his wife Martha, the lease of the 
house adjoining the Close Gate, makes her his executrix, and 
his friends Thomas Boswell, of Sarum, and John Skase, of 
Odstock, overseers. Dated, 20 September 1664. [Proved at 
London, 18 February 1664-5.] 

[P.C.C., 88 Duke.\ 

ROGER BALLARD, of Westbury, yeoman, 26 October 1668, 
bequeathes to his son Roger Ballard ^30, to be paid 12 
months after his decease, and to his son William ,20, to be 
paid 12 months after his decease. To his wife, all the house- 
hold goods he had with her on marrying her. All the rest of 
his goods, debts, &c., to his son Henry Ballard, and daughters 
Jane and Anne, whom he makes joint executors of his will, 
but they being minors, he, desiring a speedy payment of his 
debts and legacies, appoints his trusty friends, James Ballard, 
of Bratton, John Blatch, of Ligh, John Holley and William 
Mopson, both also of Ligh, to be overseers of his will. [Proved 
at Exeter Hall in the Strand, co. Middlesex, 7 August 1671.] 



504 Wiltshire Notes and Queries. 

[Chanter's Court of Salisbury. \ 

JAMES BALLARD, of Bratton, co. Wilts, yeoman, bequeathes 
to his wife Jane all closes, lands, and tenements, with their 
appertenances in Keevil, co. Wilts, lately purchased of Thomas 
Lambert, Esquire, for the term of her life, and after her death 
bequeathes the same to the heirs of his body, and for want of 
such issue to his brother-in-law William Ballard the younger, 
son of William Ballard the elder, of Steple Ashton, yeoman, 
and the heirs male of his body ; and for want of such issue to 
William Ballard his brother and his heirs male ; and for want 
of such issue to his kinsman Henry Ballard, son of his brother 
John Ballard deceased, and his heirs male ; and for want of 
such issue to John, son of the said John Ballard, and his heirs 
male ; and for want of such issue to James son of his said 
brother John Ballard ; and for want of such issue to the right 
heirs of himself for ever. He gives to his wife his black mare ; 
the rest of his goods to his father Henry Ballard his executor, 
in trust for such child, as his wife " is now with child withal," 
either by putting such child's life in his copyhold living in 
Bratton or otherwise as he shall think fit ; and in case the 
child die before the age of 18 years or day of marriage, he 
gives the rest of his personal estate to his father. Dated, 26 
September 1679. [Proved at Westbury, 3 June 1680.